Harjavalta

Last updated
Harjavalta
Town
Harjavallan kaupunki
Harjavalta stad
Harjavalta.vaakuna.svg
Coat of arms
Harjavalta sijainti Suomi.svg
Location of Harjavalta in Finland
Coordinates: 61°19′0″N22°08′1″E / 61.31667°N 22.13361°E / 61.31667; 22.13361 Coordinates: 61°19′0″N22°08′1″E / 61.31667°N 22.13361°E / 61.31667; 22.13361
CountryFlag of Finland.svg  Finland
Region Satakunta
Sub-region Pori sub-region
Charter 1869
Market town 1968
Town privileges 1977
Government
  Town managerHannu Kuusela
Area
 (2018-01-01) [1]
  Total127.74 km2 (49.32 sq mi)
  Land123.46 km2 (47.67 sq mi)
  Water4.28 km2 (1.65 sq mi)
Area rank 288th largest in Finland
Elevation
38 m (125 ft)
Population
 (2021-03-31) [2]
  Total6,856
  Rank 138th largest in Finland
  Density55.53/km2 (143.8/sq mi)
Population by native language
[3]
   Finnish 98.5% (official)
   Swedish 0.3%
  Others1.3%
Population by age
[4]
  0 to 1413.6%
  15 to 6454.2%
  65 or older32.2%
Time zone UTC+02:00 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate [5] 21.5%
Climate Dfc
Website www.harjavalta.fi

Harjavalta is a town and municipality in Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Satakunta region. The town has a population of 6,856 (31 March 2021) [2] and covers an area of 127.74 square kilometres (49.32 sq mi) of which 4.28 km2 (1.65 sq mi) is water. [1] The population density is 55.53 inhabitants per square kilometre (143.8/sq mi).

Contents

Today people in the town are employed in the copper and nickel smelting industries. Today's most used metal recovery method, the flash smelting method, was developed at Harjavalta and implemented in 1949. Originally part of Outokumpu, a Finnish company, the copper business is now owned by Boliden and the nickel business by Norilsk Nickel.

Hiittenharju is a ridge in Harjavalta, known for its archaeology and cultural history. The banks of the ancient Litorina Sea lies on the fringes of the Hiittenharju ridge. In the Hiittenharju area Bronze Age graves, called barrows, have been discovered, and there is also a historical route called Huovintie running through Hiittenharju.

The river Kokemäenjoki river runs through the town.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

History

Earliest signs of habitation on the area have been dated to 1200 BC. Various different writings of the name in documents of the 15th century at the Turku Cathedral are Harianwalta, Hariawalta, Hariaualdastha, Harianwaltha ja Harianwaltaby. The name is supposed to originate from the speculative Proto Germanic name *Harjawaldaz , composed of the speculative words *harjaz ("army") and *waldaz ("authority"). It is believed that either a person named Harjawaldaz or a warrior band settled or lived in the area. The earliest known written occurrence of the name is from Tacitus on the first century, Chariovalda . [6] Different adoptions of the same name are Harald, Hérault and Harold, but Harjavalta is closest to the reconstructed original.

Politics

Town hall of Harjavalta Harjavallan kaupungintalo.jpg
Town hall of Harjavalta

Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Harjavalta:

Town twinning

Harjavalta is twinned with:

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References

  1. 1 2 "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland . Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland . Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. Tacitus, The Annals 2.11

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Harjavalta at Wikimedia Commons