Cilegon

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Cilegon
ᮎᮤᮜᮨᮌᮧᮔ᮪
City of Cilegon
The Green and Blue.jpg
View of Cilegon from the Java Sea
Flag of Cilegon City.png
Seal of the City of Cilegon.svg
Nickname(s): 
Steel City
Motto(s): 
Akur Sedulur Jujur Adil Makmur
(Get along with fellows; honest, fair, and prosperous)
Locator kota cilegon.png
Location within Banten
Indonesia Java location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Cilegon
Location in Java and Indonesia
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Cilegon
Cilegon (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°00′10″S106°00′40″E / 6.002685°S 106.011202°E / -6.002685; 106.011202 Coordinates: 6°00′10″S106°00′40″E / 6.002685°S 106.011202°E / -6.002685; 106.011202
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province Flag of Banten, Indonesia.svg  Banten
Administrative City1987
Municipality27 April 1999
City4 September 1999 [1]
Government
  MayorHelldy Agustian
  Vice MayorSanuji Pentamarta
Area
  Total175.51 km2 (67.76 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census)
  Total434,896
  Density2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)
  [2]
Time zone UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Postcodes
42400
Area code (+62) 254
Website cilegon.go.id

Cilegon (Indonesian: Kota Cilegon, Sundanese: ᮎᮤᮜᮨᮌᮧᮔ᮪) is a major coastal industrial city in Banten province, Indonesia, covering 175.51 km2 (67.76 sq mi). It is located on the island of Java. The city had a population of 374,464 at the 2010 Census [3] and 434,896 at the 2020 Census. [4]

Contents

Among the factories located in Cilegon are Krakatau Steel Company, a vital company in Indonesia, which produces steel for industrial (domestic and foreign) needs, and Asahimas Chemical Company. The other name for Cilegon is "Steel City" since the city is the largest steel producer in Southeast Asia, about 6 million tons of steel produced each year in the Industrial Area Krakatau Steel, Cilegon. Additionally Cilegon is one of the vital state objects. This is because in this town there is a wide range of other vital objects such as the Merak Harbour, Krakatau Steel Industrial Zone (including the PT. Krakatau Steel Tbk, Asahimas, Siemens, KS - POSCO joint venture, Chandra Asri, and Pertamina), PLTU Suralaya, Power plant Krakatau, Krakatau Tirta Industrial Water Treatment Plant, The Sunda Strait Bridge Construction (Lot Plan) & Sunda Strait Industrial Zones.

Photos of Groepsportret van leerlingen van de H.I.S. in Tjilegon (Cilegon), West-Java. COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Groepsportret van leerlingen van de H.I.S. in Tjilegon West-Java TMnr 60029392.jpg
Photos of Groepsportret van leerlingen van de H.I.S. in Tjilegon (Cilegon), West-Java.

Geography

Cilegon is located on the most northwest coast of Java island, at the mouth of the Cilegon River on Ciwandan Bay, which is an inlet of the Sunda Strait. It is administratively a semi-enclave within Serang Regency, as it borders with Serang Regency in the east and south, while it borders with Sunda Strait in the north and west.

Administrative districts

The City of Cilegon is divided into eight districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census [5] and the 2020 Census. [6] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (urban kelurahan) in each district, and its postal codes.

NameArea
in km2
Population
Census
2010 [7]
Population
Census
2020 [8]
Number
of
villages
Post
codes
Ciwandan51.8142,92150,058642441-42447
Citangkil22.9865,07379,903742441-42444
Pulomerak (a)19.8643,06048,373442431-42439
Purwakarta15.2938,47942,658642431-42437
Grogol23.3838,53842,442442436-42438
Cilegon (district)9.1539,46546,327542415-42419
Jombang11.5560,41565,431542411-42416
Cibeber21.4946,60859,704642422-42427
Totals175.51374,464434,89643

Notes: (a) including 5 small offshore islands.

Climate

Cilegon has a hot and humid climate near the boundary between tropical rainforest (Af) and tropical monsoon climate (Am) according to the Köppen climate classification system. Despite being located relatively close to the equator, the city has distinct wet and dry seasons. The wet season in Cilegon covers the majority of the year, running from October through May. The remaining four months forms the city's dry season. Located in the most western part of Java, Cilegon's wet season rainfall peak is January with average monthly rainfall of 319 millimetres (12.6 in), and its dry season low point is August with a monthly average of 71 millimetres (2.8 in).

Climate data for Cilegon
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)30.6
(87.1)
31.1
(88.0)
31.6
(88.9)
32.2
(90.0)
32.5
(90.5)
32.4
(90.3)
32.4
(90.3)
32.4
(90.3)
32.8
(91.0)
33.0
(91.4)
32.6
(90.7)
31.8
(89.2)
32.1
(89.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.6
(79.9)
26.9
(80.4)
27.2
(81.0)
27.5
(81.5)
27.7
(81.9)
27.4
(81.3)
27.1
(80.8)
27.0
(80.6)
27.4
(81.3)
27.8
(82.0)
27.7
(81.9)
27.4
(81.3)
27.3
(81.2)
Average low °C (°F)22.7
(72.9)
22.8
(73.0)
22.8
(73.0)
22.9
(73.2)
23.0
(73.4)
22.4
(72.3)
21.9
(71.4)
21.7
(71.1)
22.1
(71.8)
22.6
(72.7)
22.9
(73.2)
23.0
(73.4)
22.6
(72.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches)319
(12.6)
269
(10.6)
209
(8.2)
157
(6.2)
129
(5.1)
94
(3.7)
80
(3.1)
71
(2.8)
73
(2.9)
116
(4.6)
169
(6.7)
240
(9.4)
1,926
(75.9)
Source: Climate-Data.org [9]

Demographics

From 1991 to 2005 the population of Cilegon grew 47.18%. Cilegon's population from 2001 to 2005 grew on average 2.66% per year.

Cilegon is the fourth largest city in Banten. The high population growth rate of Cilegon is primarily caused by migrants entering the city.

Religion

In 2019 there are 382 mosques and 287 musallas in Cilegon, without any churches, Hindu temples, or Buddhist viharas, even though there are 6,740 Protestants, 1,743 Catholics, 215 Hindus, 215 Buddhists, and 7 Confucians in the city. A proposal to build a Batak Protestant Christian Church in Cilegon was rejected by local residents, which forces religious services to be conducted in Serang City. [10]

Media

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Radio

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References

  1. "Selayang Pandang tentang Kota Cilegon". Archived from the original on 2012-06-23. Retrieved 2012-09-23.
  2. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  3. Biro Pusat Statistik, jakarta, 2011.
  4. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  6. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  7. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  8. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  9. "Climate: Cilegon". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  10. Prabowo, Haris (18 July 2022). "Tak Ada Gereja di Cilegon: Diskriminasi di Balik Topeng Pluralisme". tirto.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 July 2022.