Dumai

Last updated
Dumai

Kota Dumai
Other transcription(s)
   Chinese 杜迈
   Jawi دوماي
Plaza Dumai Ramayana Dept. Store.jpg
Ramayana Department Store in Dumai
Lambang Kota Dumai.png
Coat of arms
Lokasi Riau Kota Dumai.svg
Location within Riau
Indonesia Sumatra location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Dumai
Location in Sumatra and Indonesia
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Dumai
Dumai (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 1°40′0″N101°27′0″E / 1.66667°N 101.45000°E / 1.66667; 101.45000 Coordinates: 1°40′0″N101°27′0″E / 1.66667°N 101.45000°E / 1.66667; 101.45000
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province Coat of arms of Riau.svg Riau
Government
  Mayor Zulkifli A.S.
  Vice Mayor Eko Suharjo
Area
  Total1,727.38 km2 (666.95 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census)
  Total316,782
  Density180/km2 (470/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code (+62) 765
Website http://www.dumaikota.go.id/

Dumai (Jawi: دوماي, Chinese :杜迈), is a city in Riau province on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. The city has an area of 1,727.38 km² and had 253,803 inhabitants at the 2010 Census, 285,448 at the 2015 Census and 316,782 at the 2020 Census. [2] Dumai has a domestic airport, Pinang Kampai Airport. Dumai is an important transport and trade centre, both regionally and internationally, especially to Malaysia. Dumai is rich in oil (petroleum and palm oil). [3]

Contents

History

Dumai is a city in Riau province, Indonesia, about 188 km from Pekanbaru. Currently Dumai City is the second largest city in the province of Riau, but earlier it was a small hamlet on the east coast of Riau Province. It was inaugurated as a city on 20 April 1999, by Law no. 16 of year 1999, having previously had a town administrative (kotif) in Bengkalis Regency. At its inception, the City only consisted of three districts, containing 13 urban villages and 9 rural villages, with a population of just 15,699 people and a density of 83.85/km2. It now (2020 Census) consists of seven districts.

Administration

The city is divided into seven districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their area and their population at the 2010 Census and the 2020 Census. [4] The table also includes the locations of the district administrative centres, and the number of villages (kelurahan) in each district.

NameArea in
sq.km.
Population
Census 2010
Population
Census 2020
Admin
centre
No. of
villages
Bukit Kapur200.0038,05151,564Bukit Nenas5
Medang Kampai373.0010,19916,794Teluk Makmur4
Sungai Sembilan975.3827,46541,738Lubuk Gaung5
Dumai Barat
(West Dumai)
44.9889,97844,292Purnama4
Dumai Selatan
(South Dumai)
73.50(a)52,791Bukit Datuk5
Dumai Timur
(East Dumai)
47.5288,11068,930Teluk Binjai5
Dumai Kota
(Dumai town)
13.00(a)40,673Laksamana5
Total City1,727.38253,803316,78233

Notes: (a) the 2010 populations of the Dumai Selatan and Dumai Kota Districts are included in the figures for Dumai Barat and Dumai Timur Districts, from which they were cut out in 2009.

The villages (Kelurahan) into which those districts are subdivided are:

Economy

Macro-economic indicators of the gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) Dumai increasing each year since 2000-2005 is a picture of the success of the development of economy in Dumai. To support the increase in GDP that heavy economic development point of Dumai is to maintain the dominance of construction on industrial sectors, trade, transport and buildings in addition to paying attention to the agricultural sector as a producer of industrial raw materials. Economic growth rate rapidly has also provided job opportunities for people on social welfare so that the Dumai increases.

Obstacles faced in addition to capital issues is the Status of land still touted ex HPH. Four subdistricts in Dumai District of Sungai Sembilan, Medang Kampai, lime and Western Damai is an area that has the potential of land resources for the development of agribusiness and agro-industries with appropriate technology engineering byocyclo such as rice farming, crops, vegetables, bananas, pineapples Sumatra, durian, mango, rambutan, Palm, cattle (cows, goats, ducks and chickens) as well as the cultivation of farmed freshwater fish (catfish, carp, carp and ornamental fish). more on the produce of the district the river nine to forward is Palm, banana, and crops. Currently the town River nine new basilam village in particular is very deficient means of infra-structures for the construction of the road. Especially the main road construction kaplingan up to the junction with the durian.

Transportation

Land

There are several transportation modes in Pekanbaru such as Taxi, Bus, Oplet (Share taxi), Bajaj (Auto rickshaw) and Ojek (Motorcycle taxi). For land transport, Dumai is connected to Trans-Sumatran Highway and Trans-Sumatra Toll Road. Bus services operate to Duri, Padang, Medan, Jambi, Pekanbaru and other cities and regions in Riau Province and Sumatra Island(Terminal AKAP).

Sea

Dumai Port (Pelabuhan Dumai) is located in Dumai, connecting Dumai with regions in Riau Province and other destinations in Indonesia and the World. This port is a major port in Riau.

Air

Pinang Kampai Airport is a domestic airport that serves daily flights to/from several cities in Indonesia such as Jakarta, Pekanbaru, Medan, Batam, etc. [5]

Climate

Dumai has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Dumai
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)31.4
(88.5)
31.9
(89.4)
32.4
(90.3)
32.2
(90.0)
32.2
(90.0)
31.9
(89.4)
31.7
(89.1)
31.6
(88.9)
31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.1)
31.3
(88.3)
31.3
(88.3)
31.8
(89.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.7
(80.1)
27.1
(80.8)
27.5
(81.5)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.4
(81.3)
27.1
(80.8)
27.1
(80.8)
27.0
(80.6)
27.2
(81.0)
26.9
(80.4)
26.8
(80.2)
27.2
(80.9)
Average low °C (°F)22.1
(71.8)
22.3
(72.1)
22.6
(72.7)
22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
22.9
(73.2)
22.6
(72.7)
22.6
(72.7)
22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
22.4
(72.3)
22.6
(72.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches)200
(7.9)
150
(5.9)
202
(8.0)
225
(8.9)
191
(7.5)
159
(6.3)
159
(6.3)
200
(7.9)
255
(10.0)
293
(11.5)
299
(11.8)
258
(10.2)
2,591
(102.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org [6]

Tourism

The Great Mosque of AL Mannan Dumai Mosque.jpg
The Great Mosque of AL Mannan

Dumai is situated on the waterfront has the potential of tourism development such as nature tourism, culture and shopping. Several area attractions including conservation areas in district Nine, forest River in district of Western and Eastern Damai Damai, Prosperous Gulf Coast region in district and Lake Kampai Phoebe Flowers of seven in Eastern Damai. As the main gate to enter the Riau Mainland, some tourists have repeatedly visited the Dumai, especially those that like to visit Malacca. Dumai is very easily accessible due to good transportation connections. There are some interesting sights on the way to Dumai, such as the Sakai tribe, tropical forests along the River, and water colour is unique as the color of tea. Moreover, it also can be seen hundreds of bobbing oil who raised the pipe from the bowels of the Earth. Ramayana shopping center on General Sudirman street was opened in 2007. At night, a variety of Indonesian food is sold along Ombak street. Dumai has some interesting places to be visit, [7] among others: [8]

Sister Cities

Sister CitiesCountry
Alor Gajah Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia

Related Research Articles

Riau Province of Indonesia

Riau is a province of Indonesia. It is located in the central eastern coast of Sumatra along the Strait of Malacca. Until 2004 the province included the offshore Riau Islands, a large group of small islands located east of Sumatra Island and south of Singapore, before these islands were split off as a province in July 2004. The provincial capital and the largest city of Riau is Pekanbaru. The province shares land borders with North Sumatra to the northwest, West Sumatra to the west, and Jambi to the south. The total area for Riau province is 87,023.66 square kilometres (33,600.02 sq mi), which stretches from the slopes of the Bukit Barisan to the Strait of Malacca. Riau has a wet tropical climate with average rainfall ranging between 2000 and 3000 millimeters per year, and the average rainfall per year is about 160 days. Riau is currently one of the richest provinces in Indonesia and is rich in natural resources, particularly petroleum, natural gas, rubber, palm oil and fibre plantations. Extensive logging and plantation development in has led to a massive decline in forest cover Riau, and associated fires have contributed to haze across the larger region. Riau is considered part of the Malay world. It is currently considered as the cultural center of the Malays in Indonesia. Nevertheless, Riau is considered a very diverse province, as it is inhabited by many ethnic groups, such as Malay, Minangkabau, Chinese and Batak. The local Riau dialect of Malay is considered as the lingua franca in the province, but Indonesian, the standardized form of Malay is used as the official language and also as the second language of many people. Other than that, different languages such as Minangkabau, Hokkien and varieties of Batak languages are also spoken.

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Pinang Kampai Airport

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References

  1. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  3. "Statistics Indonesia". Dds.bps.go.id. Archived from the original on 2012-04-15. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  4. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. Pinang Kampai Airport
  6. "Climate: Dumai". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  7. http://wisatamelayu.com/id/dest.php?a=Nmcvcw%3D%3D=
  8. http://thearoengbinangproject.com/wisata/wisata-dumai/