Depok

Last updated
Depok
City of Depok
Kota Depok
Other transcription(s)
   Sundanese ᮓᮦᮕᮧᮊ᮪
Depokpictures.JPG
(From top, left to right): University of Indonesia, Ukhuwah Islamiyah Mosque, Crystal of Knowledge, Dian Al-Mahri Mosque and Margo City
Lambang Kota Depok.png
Nickname(s): 
Indonesian: Kota Belimbing
English: Starfruit City
Motto(s): 
Pariraca Darma
(Servant of the righteousness)
Map of West Java highlighting Depok City.svg
Location within West Java
Indonesia Java location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Depok City
Location in Java and Indonesia
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Depok City
Depok City (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°23′38″S106°49′21″E / 6.3940°S 106.8225°E / -6.3940; 106.8225 Coordinates: 6°23′38″S106°49′21″E / 6.3940°S 106.8225°E / -6.3940; 106.8225
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province Flag of West Java (vectorised).svg  West Java
Government
  Mayor Mohammad Idris
  Vice MayorImam Budi Hartono
Area
  Total200.29 km2 (77.33 sq mi)
Elevation
50–140 m (164–459 ft)
Highest elevation
140 m (459 ft)
Lowest elevation
50 m (164 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)
  Total2,056,400
  Rank 8th
  Density10,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Postcodes
164xx, 165xx
Area code (+62) 21/251
Vehicle registration B
Website depok.go.id

Depok (Sundanese : ᮓᮦᮕᮧᮊ᮪) is a landlocked city in West Java province, and located within Jakarta metropolitan area in Indonesia. It has an area of 200.29 km2. It had a population of 1,738,600 at the 2010 Census [2] and 2,056,400 at the 2020 Census, resulting in a density of 10,267 people per km2. [3] Depok was declared as a separate city on 20 April, 1999, having previously been part of Bogor Regency.

Contents

History

Depok word is an acronym of De Eerste Protestantse Organisatie van Christenen (Indonesian : Organisasi Kristen Protestan Pertama, English: First Protestant Christian Organization). [4] [5] There is also a saying that the word "depok" itself comes from Sundanese meaning hermitage or abode of one living in seclusion. [6]

On 18 May 1696, a former VOC officer Cornelis Chastelein bought the land with an area of 12.44 km2, 6.2% the area of today's Depok. Besides cultivating the area with industrial plants with the help of the locals, Chastelein was active as a missionary, preaching Christianity to the indigenous Indonesians. To this end, he established a local congregation named De Eerste Protestante Organisatie van Christenen (DEPOC). [4] [5] Although the Sundanese name Depok, meaning hermitage or abode of one living in seclusion, was already in existence before the establishment of the congregation, some[ who? ] insist the acronym might have been the origin of the city's name. Today majority of Depok's population are adherent to Islam, except for the majority of the original Depok family.

Before his death on 28 June 1714, Chastelein had written a will that freed the slave families of Depok and gave them pieces of his land, converting slaves into landlords. In 1714, the 12 slave families became landlords (forever as given to them with entitlement deeds of the owner Chastelien in his will) and freed men, women, and children. The freed slaves are also referred to as the Mardijker's – the word Merdeka meaning freedom in Bahasa Indonesia. June 28 is designated as Depokse Daag (Depok Day) by the original Depok family, and on 28 June 2014, commemorating 300 years, they formally opened a 3-meter height monument on its own land, but it was prohibited by the Government as it referred to Dutch colonialization. [7]

The 12 original Depok family names are: [8]

The original slave families of Depok are of Balinese, Ambonese, Buginese, Sundanese and Portuguese Indo, i.e., Mestizo and Mardijker descent. Isakh, Jacob, Jonathans, Joseph, and Samuel were family names baptized by Chastelein after the slave families converted to Protestant Christianity. The other families retained their original names and might have been (Roman Catholic) Christian already before joining Chastelein's Protestant church. Descendants of the original Depok families with the exception of the Sadokh family, still live in Indonesia, the Netherlands, Norway, Canada and the United States. [9] [8]

In 1871, the colonial government gave Depok a special status allowing the area to form its own government and president. The ruling no longer stood after 1952, where the Depok presidency ceded its control of Depok to the Indonesian government except for a few areas.

During the Bersiap (Indonesian civil war and war for independence from The Netherlands) period of 1945 much of Depok was destroyed and many of its inhabitants killed by 'Pemuda'. [10] Many of the original Depok families fled for their lives from Indonesia during the Indonesian revolution and now live in the Netherlands as part of the Indo community there. [11]

In March 1982, Depok was reclassified as an administrative city within Bogor Regency and, in 1999, as a city headed by a mayor. Then on 20 April 1999, the city of Depok was unified with some neighbouring districts of Bogor Regency to form an autonomous city of Depok (independent of the Regency) with an area of 200.29 km2. [12] This date is commemorated as the date of the establishment of the city.

Administration

Depok is headed by mayor, with legislative assembly. Both mayor and members of legislative assembly are elected by direct vote.

Mayors

Administrative Districts

Administration of Depok City Indonesia Depok City location map.svg
Administration of Depok City

The city of Depok is divided into eleven districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census [13] and the 2020 Census. [14] The table also includes the number of administrative urban villages (kelurahan) in each district and its postal codes.

NameArea
in
km2
Pop'n
Census
2010 [13]
Pop'n
Census
2020 [15]
Number
of
kelurahan
Post codes
Sawangan 26.19123,571178,900716511-16519
Bojongsari19.3099,735135,700716516-16518
Pancoran Mas 18.03210,514245,000616431-16436
Cipayung11.45127,917171,600516436-16439
Sukmajaya 17.35232,308252,500616411-16418
Cilodong16.19125,014168,200516413-16415
Cimanggis 21.58241,979252,000616451-16454
Tapos33.26216,215263,400716451-16459
Beji 14.56165,903171,700616421-16426
Limo 11.8487,953115,700416512-16515
Cinere 10.55107,461101,700416512-16514
Total city200.291,738,5702,056,40063


Culture

Shopping and dining

Depok has a growing eclectic collection of malls and traditional markets. Older malls or other notable shopping centers include Mall Depok, Depok Plaza, and SixtyOne Building, and Depok ITC. Depok has many local restaurants and has wide presence of international chains such as A&W Restaurant, Burger King, CFC, Kentucky Fried Chicken, McDonald's, Pizza Hut, Starbucks, Dunkin Donuts.

Modern-day landmarks that were once known as Depok's primary shopping centers include Ramanda (now an autoshop plus education centre), Hero Supermarket (now Index Home Furnishings) etc. There are many shopping centers in Depok, such as

Pesona Square mall Pesona 02.jpg
Pesona Square mall

Traditional markets include Pasar Depok Baru, Pasar Depok Lama (short: Pasar Lama), Pasar Kemiri (originally expanded to facilitate the move of Pasar Lama traders), Pasar PAL, Pasar Agung, Pasar Musi, Pasar Cisalak, and Pasar Majapahit.

Parks

Alun Alun Depok or Depok Square is equipped with various sports facilities such as a basketball court, futsal, skateboard, wall climbing, BMX arena, children's playground, fish pond, fountain, and others. [18] Godongijo Conservation and Education Park is located in Depok. The park provides children and teachers alike the ability to get up close and personal with nature. There are also other children's amusement parks in the city such as Depok Fantasi Waterpark, Taman Pemuda Pratama, and Pondok Zidane.

Education

University of Indonesia Wisma Makara Universidad Indonesia Wisma Makara.JPG
University of Indonesia Wisma Makara

The following universities are in Depok:

Depok has several private language schools, namely EF English First, Kinderfield Highfield Depok, International Language Programs (ILP), Lembaga Indonesia Amerika (LIA) and The British Institute (TBI), Lembaga Pendidikan Amerika Indonesia (LPIA) and several other smaller establishments. These are all along Margonda Raya and Cinere Raya, the two main roads that pass through Depok.

Sports

Mahakam Stadium homebase of Depok United FC Mahakam Stadium.jpg
Mahakam Stadium homebase of Depok United FC

Depok is the home town of the Persikad Depok and Depok United FC football team who currently plays in the Liga 2.

Transportation

Toll Road Access

Cinere - Jagorawi Under Construction Tol Cijago tahap Cisalak 3 Segera Dibuka.jpg
Cinere – Jagorawi Under Construction
KMToll RoadDestination
13 Jagorawi Toll Road Cibubur, Cikeas, Cileungsi, Jonggol
28 Jakarta Outer Ring Road Pasar Minggu, Lenteng Agung
16 Cinere-Jagorawi Toll Road Cisalak, Juanda, Margonda
13 Depok–Antasari Toll Road Sawangan, Parung, Ciputat, Serpong, Billabong, Bogor

Public Transportation

Depok Station Depok Railway station.jpg
Depok Station

Angkot is the major means of public transportation in Depok. Go-Jek and Grab and taxicabs are easily available. Depok is connected to other areas of greater Jakarta by commuter train, TransJakarta & Kopaja buses. Depok Lama, Depok Baru Station, Universitas Indonesia Station, Pondok Cina Station and Citayam Station of KRL Jabodetabek commuter train service located within Depok. Commuter train is widely used to travel Jakarta city center and other parts of Greater Jakarta, but very crowded during peak hours.

Air

Depok is served by Soekarno-Hatta International Airport and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport. Meanwhile Pondok Cabe Airport is located at South Tangerang in borders with Depok, but doesn't have regular scheduled air service .

Twin towns – sister cities

Depok is twinned with:

See also

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References

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  2. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
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  5. 1 2 "Depok: Perdebatan Sebuah Nama". 31 December 2008. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016.
  6. Sundanese English dictionary
  7. Hidayat, Rachmat (September 6, 2014). "Tugu Chastelein Dilarang Berdiri di Depok". Archived from the original on September 8, 2014.
  8. 1 2 Jakarta Globe article. Archived 2010-08-29 at the Wayback Machine
  9. "Depok". www.depok.nl. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24.
  10. Meijer, Hans. ‘In Indie geworteld, de Geschiedenis van Indische Nederlanders, de twintigste eeuw.’ (Publisher Bert Bakker, Amsterdam, 2004) P.245 ISBN   90-351-2617-3
  11. (in Dutch) Dutch Depok community Website. Retrieved 20 May 2010. Archived 20 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  12. depok.go.id Archived 2006-10-11 at the Wayback Machine
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  14. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  15. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  16. Margocity. "Margocity". www.margocity.com. Archived from the original on 2007-01-08.
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  18. "Depok Square, The City's New Attraction". Tempo. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
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