Mataram (city)

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Mataram
City of Mataram
Kota Mataram
Tembolaq Gate, Mataram.jpg
MataramRathaus.JPG
Mataram Raya.jpg
Hubbul Wathan Islamic Center.jpg
Clockwise, from top; Tembolaq Gate, Mataram seen from above, Hubbul Wathan Islamic Center, and Mataram City Hall
Flag of Mataram City.png
Lambang Kota Mataram.png
Lokasi NTB Kota Mataram.svg
Location within West Nusa Tenggara
Lombok Locator Topography.png
Red pog.svg
Mataram
Indonesia Lesser Sunda Islands location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Mataram
Mataram (Lesser Sunda Islands)
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Mataram
Mataram (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 8°35′S116°7′E / 8.583°S 116.117°E / -8.583; 116.117 Coordinates: 8°35′S116°7′E / 8.583°S 116.117°E / -8.583; 116.117
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province Flag of West Nusa Tenggara.svg  West Nusa Tenggara
Government
  Mayor Ahyar Abduh
  Vice Mayor Mohan Roliskana
Area
  Total61.30 km2 (23.67 sq mi)
Elevation
26 m (85 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)
  Total429,651
  Density7,000/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC+8 (Indonesia Central Time)
Area code (+62) 370
Website mataramkota.go.id

Mataram (Indonesian: Kota Mataram) is a city and the capital of the Indonesian province of West Nusa Tenggara. The city is surrounded on all the landward sides by (but is not administratively contained within) West Lombok Regency and lies on the western side of the island of Lombok, Indonesia. It is also the largest city of the province, and had a population of 402,843 at the 2010 Census [2] and 429,651 at the 2020 Census. [3]

Contents

The city is economic, cultural, and education center of the province. It hosts all public universities in the province, main airport as well as the only international airport in the province, and also main government offices. Greater Mataram Area (Indonesian: Mataram Raya) or sometimes also called Gumi Rinjani Metropolitan Area [4] is a metropolitan area surrounding the city with total population of around 3 million people on 2015, making it one of the largest in Lesser Sunda Islands alongside with Denpasar metropolitan area in Bali. [5]

History

Geography

Governance

Administrative division

The city consists of six districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census [6] and the 2020 Census. [7] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan also called "kampungs") in each district, and its postal codes.

District
Name
Area
in km2
Population
Census
2010
Population
Census
2020
Number
of
villages
Post
codes
Ampenan9.4678,77988,0221083118 [lower-alpha 1]
Sekarbela10.3253,11258,786583115 & 83116
Mataram10.7673,10777,465983127 [lower-alpha 2]
Selaparang10.7772,66568,657983126
Cakranegara9.6764,08767,8261083238 - 63239
Sandubaya10.3261,09368,895783232 - 63237
Totals61.30402,843429,65150

Demographics

Ethnicity

The Sasak people are the indigenous people of Lombok and form the majority of Mataram's residents. Mataram is also home to people of Balinese, Javanese, Chinese, Tionghoa-Peranakan people of mixed Indonesian and Chinese descent and a small number of Arab Indonesian people, mainly of Yemeni descent who arrived when the city was known as "Ampenan". Despite being urban dwellers, the Sasak people of Mataram still identify strongly with their origins and the Sasak culture.

Religion

Islam is the religion of over 80% of the population of Mataram. Hinduism has the second largest following with 14% of the population. Other religions practised in Mataram are Christianity, Buddhism, and Confucianism. [8]

Language

Mataram society normally speaks the Sasak language, Bahasa Sasak, which is the native language of the indigenous people of Lombok. Indonesian is the language most widely used in formal business, education and government contexts. When at home or a place of recreation, Mataram residents tend to use the Mataram Sasak language.

Climate

Mataram has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen Am) with heavy rainfall from November to March and moderate to little rainfall from April to October.

Climate data for Mataram
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)30.5
(86.9)
30.6
(87.1)
30.7
(87.3)
31.3
(88.3)
31.0
(87.8)
30.3
(86.5)
29.7
(85.5)
30.2
(86.4)
30.9
(87.6)
31.2
(88.2)
31.2
(88.2)
31.0
(87.8)
30.7
(87.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.6
(79.9)
26.8
(80.2)
26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
26.0
(78.8)
25.1
(77.2)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77.0)
25.9
(78.6)
26.4
(79.5)
26.9
(80.4)
26.9
(80.4)
26.1
(79.0)
Average low °C (°F)22.2
(72.0)
23.0
(73.4)
22.4
(72.3)
21.7
(71.1)
21.1
(70.0)
20.0
(68.0)
19.4
(66.9)
19.8
(67.6)
20.9
(69.6)
21.7
(71.1)
22.6
(72.7)
22.8
(73.0)
21.5
(70.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches)290
(11.4)
237
(9.3)
170
(6.7)
114
(4.5)
108
(4.3)
72
(2.8)
77
(3.0)
54
(2.1)
62
(2.4)
126
(5.0)
190
(7.5)
282
(11.1)
1,782
(70.1)
Source: [9]

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References

  1. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. "PU-net". perkotaan.bpiw.pu.go.id. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  5. "PU-net". perkotaan.bpiw.pu.go.id. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  6. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  7. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  8. "Peringatan".
  9. https://en.climate-data.org/location/4369
  1. Except the kampungs of Ampenan Tengah (postcode 83112), Pejeruk (postcode 83113), Ampenan Selatan (postcode 83114) and Ampenan Utara (postcode 83511).
  2. Except the kampung of Pagutan (postcode 83117).