Timeline of Jakarta

Last updated

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Jakarta, Indonesia.


Prior to 19th century

The Tijgersgracht canal lined with the houses of the city's most prominent families, c. 1682 AMH-5643-KB View of the Tijgersgracht on Batavia.jpg
The Tijgersgracht canal lined with the houses of the city's most prominent families, c. 1682

19th century

20th century



21st century




See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jakarta</span> Capital and largest city of Indonesia

Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta and formerly Batavia, is the capital and largest metropolis of Indonesia. Lying on the northwest coast of Java, the world's most populous island, Jakarta is the largest metropole in Southeast Asia, and serves as the diplomatic capital of ASEAN. Jakarta is bordered by two Sundanese provinces: West Java to the south and east; and, since 2000, Banten to the west. Its coastline faces the Java Sea to the north, and it shares a maritime border with Lampung to the west.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Batavia, Dutch East Indies</span> Capital of the Dutch East Indies

Batavia was the capital of the Dutch East Indies. The area corresponds to present-day Jakarta, Indonesia. Batavia can refer to the city proper or its suburbs and hinterland, the Ommelanden, which included the much larger area of the Residency of Batavia in the present-day Indonesian provinces of Jakarta, Banten and West Java.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tanjung Priok</span> District in North Jakarta, Indonesia

Tanjung Priok is a district in the administrative city of North Jakarta, Indonesia. It hosts the western part of the city's main harbor, the Port of Tanjung Priok. The district of Tanjung Priok is bounded by Laksamana Yos Sudarso Tollway and Sunter River canal to the east, by Kali Japat, Kali Ancol, and the former Kemayoran Airport to the southwest, by Sunter Jaya Road and Sunter Kemayoran Road to the south, and by Jakarta Bay to the north.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Jakarta</span> Administrative city in Jakarta, Indonesia

North Jakarta is one of the five administrative cities which form Special Capital Region of Jakarta, Indonesia. North Jakarta is not self-governed and does not have a city council, hence it is not classified as a proper municipality. It contains the entire coastal area within the Jakarta Special District. North Jakarta, along with South Jakarta is the only two cities in Jakarta to border Banten and West Java. It is also the only two cities and regencies of Jakarta with a coastline and not landlocked along with the Thousand Islands Regency. North Jakarta, an area at the estuary of Ciliwung river was the main port for the kingdom of Tarumanegara, which later grew to become Jakarta. Many historic sites and artefacts of Jakarta can be found in North Jakarta. Both ports of Tanjung Priok and historic Sunda Kelapa are located in the city. The city, which covers an area of 139.99 km2, had 1,645,659 inhabitants at the 2010 census and 1,778,981 at the 2020 census; the official estimate as at mid 2022 was 1,793,550 - comprising 905,575 males and 887,975 females. It has its administrative centre in Tanjung Priok.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jakarta Kota railway station</span> Railway station in Indonesia

Jakarta Kota Station is a railway station, located in the old city core of Kota, Jakarta, Indonesia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jatinegara</span> District in East Jakarta, Indonesia

Jatinegara is one of the districts of the administrative city of East Jakarta, Indonesia. The name also refers to the larger, historic area of the colonial town of Meester Cornelis. Established in the 17th century, Jatinegara is one of the oldest areas in Jakarta, and contains a number of buildings from the colonial period.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pademangan</span>

Pademangan is a port-associated subdistrict of North Jakarta, Indonesia. It stretches from the Sunda Kelapa Harbor on the east to the western area of Tanjung Priok Harbor to the east. Geographically, it is a plain with an average height of 75 centimeters above the high tide sea level.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kota Tua Jakarta</span> Historic downtown of northwest Jakarta, Indonesia

Kota Tua Jakarta, officially known as Kota Tua, is a neighborhood comprising the original downtown area of Jakarta, Indonesia. It is also known as Oud Batavia, Benedenstad, or Kota Lama.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Jakarta</span> Timeline of Jakartas history

Jakarta is Indonesia's capital and largest city. Located on an estuary of the Ciliwung River, on the northwestern part of Java, the area has long sustained human settlement. Historical evidence from Jakarta dates back to the 4th century CE, when it was a Hindu settlement and port. The city has been sequentially claimed by the Indianized kingdom of Tarumanegara, the Hindu Kingdom of Sunda, the Muslim Sultanate of Banten, and by Dutch, Japanese and Indonesian administrations. The Dutch East Indies built up the area before it was taken during World War II by the Empire of Japan and finally became independent as part of Indonesia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sunda Kelapa</span> Port in Indonesia

Sunda Kelapa is the old port of Jakarta, located on the estuary of the Ciliwung River. "Sunda Kalapa" is the original name, and it was the main port of the Sunda Kingdom. The port is situated in Penjaringan District, of North Jakarta, Indonesia. Today the old port only accommodates pinisi, a traditional two-masted wooden sailing ship providing inter-island freight service in the archipelago. Although it is now only a minor port, Jakarta has its origins in Sunda Kelapa and it played a significant role in the city's development. The port is currently operated by the state-owned Indonesia Port Corporations.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jakarta History Museum</span> History museum in Jakarta, Indonesia

The Jakarta History Museum, also known as Fatahillah Museum or Batavia Museum, is located in the Old Town of Jakarta, Indonesia. The building was built in 1710 as the Stadhuis of Batavia. Jakarta History Museum opened in 1974 and displays objects from the prehistory period of the city region, the founding of Jayakarta in 1527, and the Dutch colonization period from the 16th century until Indonesia's Independence in 1945.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Port of Tanjung Priok</span> Port in Indonesia

Port of Tanjung Priok is the busiest and most advanced Indonesian seaport, handling more than 50% of Indonesia's trans-shipment cargo traffic. The port is located at Tanjung Priok, North Jakarta, which is operated by Indonesian state owned PT Pelindo. The port loaded and unloaded 6.2 million, 6.92 million, and 7.8 million TEUs of cargo during 2016, 2017 and 2018 respectively, out of a total capacity of about 8 million TEUs. The container port ranked as 22nd busiest in the world by Lloyd's One Hundred Ports 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ancol</span> Administrative village in Special Capital City District of Jakarta, Indonesia

Ancol is a coastal lowland area located to the east of Kota Tua Jakarta in northern Jakarta, in Indonesia. The coastal lowland stretched from Kota Tua Jakarta to the west and Tanjung Priok to the east. Today, Ancol contains the main beach resort of Jakarta. Taman Impian Jaya Ancol, the largest integrated tourism area in South East Asia, is located in Ancol.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tanjung Priuk railway station</span> Railway station in Indonesia

Tanjung Priuk Station (TPK), is a railway station in Tanjung Priok, Tanjung Priok, North Jakarta. It is located across the Tanjung Priok Port, which is the main port of Jakarta. This station is one of the oldest in Jakarta and the biggest station built during the Dutch East Indies era. It is included in the list of heritage buildings by the government of Jakarta.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thousand Islands (Indonesia)</span> Administrative regency in Jakarta, Indonesia

The Thousand Islands are a chain of islands to the north of Jakarta's coast. It forms the only regency of Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia. It consists of a string of 342 islands stretching 45 km (28 mi) north into the Java Sea at West Jakarta Bay and in fact north of Banten Province. Pramuka Island is the regency seat. The islands, along with North Jakarta, is the only two regions in Jakarta with a coastline.

<i>Nederlandsch-Indische Spoorweg Maatschappij</i> Railway company in Java, Dutch East Indies

The Naamlooze Vennootschap.Nederlandsch-Indische Spoorweg Maatschappij, abbreviated to NIS, NISM or N.V. NISM was a private-owned railways company in charge of rail transport in Java, Dutch East Indies. The company's headquarters were in Semarang, Central Java. The company started its maiden route from Semarang to Vorstenlanden and in 1873 they also built their line to the Willem I Railway Station of Ambarawa–Kedungjati and Batavia–Buitenzorg lines. Later the network expanded to Bandung and Surabaya. It was absorbed into the present Kereta Api Indonesia after Indonesian independence in 1945. It was the main competitor to Staatsspoorwegen as state-owned railway company and established on April 6, 1875.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stadsherberg, Batavia</span> Inn, tavern, office in Batavia, Dutch East Indies

The Stadsherberg is a lodging located in Batavia, Dutch East Indies. The lodging is located in the Sunda Kelapa harbor, the first lodging to be seen by visitors of Batavia. The lodging was so strategically located in the port of Sunda Kelapa between the colonial custom houses that the inn prospered during the course of the 19th century. The inn went into a decline following the construction of the larger Tanjung Priok harbor. It was demolished after 1949.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Outline of Jakarta</span> Overview of and topical guide to Jakarta

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Jakarta:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kemayoran railway station</span> Railway station in Indonesia

Kemayoran Station (KMO) is a railway station located at South Gunung Sahari, Kemayoran, Central Jakarta, Indonesia. This station is located between Pasar Senen railway station in the south and Rajawali railway station in the north. The station is a stoppage for Jakarta metro commuter rail.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jakarta Bypass</span>

The Cililitan-Tanjung Priok Road, also known as the Jakarta Bypass or simply Bypass, is a 27 km long bypass road in Jakarta, Indonesia that connects the Dewi Sartika Road and the Bogor Main Road in Cililitan, East Jakarta to the Port of Tanjung Priok in North Jakarta. The road is divided into four parts: Jalan Mayjen Sutoyo Road, Jalan D.I. Panjaitan, Jalan Jend. Ahmad Yani Road, and Jalan Laksamana Yos Sudarso. The bypass was inaugurated by the first President of Indonesia, Sukarno on October 21, 1963. One of the Jakarta Inner Ring Road sections is built over the road.


  1. Yaneo Ishii, ed. (1998), "Kelapa (Batavia)", The junk trade from Southeast Asia: translations from the Tôsen fusetsu-gaki, 1674–1723, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, ISBN   9812300228, OL   522465M
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Forbes 2004.
  3. 1 2 John Bowman, ed. (2000). "Indonesia". Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture. USA: Columbia University Press. p. 436+. ISBN   978-0-231-50004-3.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Britannica 1910.
  5. 1 2 3 David Lea and Colette Milward, ed. (2001). "Indonesia". Political Chronology of South East Asia and Oceania. Political Chronologies of the World. Europa Publications. pp. 58–80. ISBN   978-1-135-35659-0.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Kusno 2014.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Teeuwen, Dirk (2007). Landing stages of Jakarta/Batavia.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 GEDENKBOEK, Staatsspoor en Tremwegen in Nederlandsch Indie 1875–1925
  9. Vernon N. Kisling, ed. (2000). "Zoological Gardens of Asia: Indonesia (chronological list)". Zoo and Aquarium History. USA: CRC Press. ISBN   978-1-4200-3924-5.
  10. de Jong 1998, p. 283.
  11. 1 2 Teeuwen, Dirk Rendez Vous Batavia From horsepower to electrification. Tramways in Batavia-Jakarta, 1869–1962. (Rotterdam, 2007) Archived 13 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  12. 1 2 3 4 Kooy 2014.
  13. Merrillees 2012, p. 138.
  14. "Netherlands: Dutch East Indies". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1921. hdl:2027/njp.32101072368440.
  15. 1 2 "Jakarta Encyclopedia", Jakarta.go.id, Jakarta Capital City, retrieved 30 September 2015
  16. Hanggoro, Hendaru Tri (2018), Cita-cita sukarno tertinggal di Jalan M.H. Thamrin, Jakarta, Indonesia: Historia
  17. "Indonesia". Europa World Year Book. Europa Publications. 2004. ISBN   978-1-85743-254-1.
  18. "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1965. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations. 1966.
  19. 1 2 Nas 2005.
  20. "Southeast Asia, 1900 A.D.–present: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art . Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  21. "Jakarta Post". 28 July 2001. Archived from the original on 3 February 2016.
  22. A. Lin Neumann (1998). "Bringing Back a Legend: Tempo Magazine Reopens in Jakarta". Special Reports. New York: Committee to Protect Journalists.
  23. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  24. "Keputusan Presiden No. 57 Tahun 1972 tentang Peresmian Berlakunya "Ejaan Bahasa Indonesia yang Disempurnakan"". Presidential Decree No. 57 of 1972 (PDF) (in Indonesian). President of Indonesia.
  25. Gunawan Tjahjono (2003). "Reviving the Betawi Tradition: The Case of Setu Babakan". Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review. International Association for the Study of Traditional Environments. 15 via University of California, Berkeley.
  26. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1985 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 247–289.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  27. Tarrant, Bill (2008). Reporting Indonesia : the Jakarta Post Story. Jakarta: Equinox. p. 66. ISBN   978-90-04-04331-2.
  28. "Sister Cities of Los Angeles". USA: City of Los Angeles. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  29. United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.{{cite book}}: |author= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  30. Pluralism Project (2007). "International Portrait: Indonesia". Harvard University.
  31. 1 2 East Asia's Changing Urban Landscape, World Bank, 2015
  32. 1 2 3 BBC News (7 October 2011). "Indonesia Profile: Timeline". BBC News. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  33. Rudi, Alsadad (15 January 2013). "15 Januari Genap 9 Tahun Transjakarta, Bagaimana Kini?". Kompas. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  34. "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012.
  35. 1 2 "Jakarta in Figures 2014" (PDF), Jakarta Dalam Angka, Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi DKI Jakarta, ISSN   0215-2150
  36. "After Disaster, Governor Faced with Challenge of Keeping Jakarta Dry". New York Times. 20 February 2013.
  37. "Indonesian capital Jakarta hit by deadly flooding". BBC News. 17 January 2013.
  38. "Indonesia protest: President Joko Widodo cancels Australia visit". BBC News. 5 November 2016.
  39. McKirdy, Euan (5 November 2016). "Thousands rally in Jakarta over governor's alleged blasphemy". CNN.
  40. "50,000 Muslim hardliners rally against governor in Jakarta". Bangkok Post . 4 November 2016.
  41. "Di Balik Pembukaan Asian Games 2018: Eko Supriyanto & Denny Malik". tirto.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  42. "Olympic dreams as Asian Games close in Jakarta". Channel News Asia. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  43. "Jakarta metro inaugurated". Metro Report. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  44. "Indonesia protests: Hundreds hurt in student-police clashes". Al Jazeera. 25 September 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  45. "LRT Jakarta Fare to be Valid per December 1". Tempo. Retrieved 28 January 2020.

This article incorporates information from the Indonesian Wikipedia and German Wikipedia.


Published in the 20th century
Published in the 21st century

6°12′0″S106°48′0″E / 6.20000°S 106.80000°E / -6.20000; 106.80000