Fauzi Bowo

Last updated

Fauzi Bowo
Fauzi Bowo.jpg
Indonesian Ambassador to Germany
In office
24 December 2013 20 February 2018
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Joko Widodo
Preceded byEddy Pratomo
Succeeded byArief Havas Oegroseno
13th Governor of Jakarta
In office
7 October 2007 7 October 2012
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Preceded by Sutiyoso
Succeeded by Joko Widodo
Vice Governor of Jakarta
In office
7 October 2002 7 October 2007
Governor Sutiyoso
Preceded byAbdul Kahfi
Boediharjo Soekmadi
Djailani
Fauzi Alvi [1]
Succeeded byPrijanto
Personal details
Born10 April 1948 (1948-04-10) (age 71) [2]
Jakarta, Indonesia
Political party Democratic [3]
Height1.60 m (5 ft 3 in)
Spouse(s)Sri Hartati Bowo

Fauzi Bowo (born 10 April 1948) in Jakarta, Indonesia is an Indonesian politician and diplomat who was the Indonesian Ambassador to Germany from 2013 to 2018. He was the governor of Jakarta between 2007 and 2012 and previously served as the deputy governor from 2002 to 2007.

Jakarta Special Capital Region in Indonesia

Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta, is the current capital and largest city of Indonesia. Located on the northwest coast of the world's most populous island, Java, it is the centre of economics, culture and politics of Indonesia, with a population of 10,075,310 as of 2014. Jakarta metropolitan area has an area of 6,392 square kilometers, which is known as Jabodetabek. It is the world's second largest urban agglomeration with a population of 30,214,303 as of 2010. Jakarta is predicted to reach 35.6 million people by 2030 to become the world's biggest megacity. Jakarta's business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a higher standard of living, attract migrants from across the Indonesian archipelago, combining many communities and cultures.

Indonesia Republic in Southeast Asia

Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres, the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Contents

He has worked for the Jakarta administration since 1987 and was treasurer of the Golkar organization from 1993 to 1997. On 8 August 2007 he was elected governor of Jakarta (2007–2012), beating his only rival Adang Daradjatun 57.9% to 42.1% in the first ever election for the post. He was inaugurated on 7 October 2007. [4] Having run for a second term as governor in the 2012 gubernatorial election, [5] he was defeated on 20 September 2012 after a second-round runoff by Joko Widodo.

Golkar political party in Indonesia

The Golkar Party or Party of Functional Groups is a political party in Indonesia. It was founded as Sekber Golkar in 1964, and participated for the first time in 1971 as Golkar. At this point, Golkar was not a political party. In 1999, forced by the new election law, the groups reformed itself as a political party.

Adang Daradjatun politician

Adang Daradjatun is an Indonesian politician and former police general who currently serves as a member of the People's Representative Council.

Joko Widodo President of Indonesia

Joko Widodo, also known as Jokowi, is an Indonesian politician who is the seventh and current President of Indonesia. Elected in July 2014 as the first Indonesian president to not come from an elite political or military background, he was previously the Mayor of Surakarta from 2005 to 2012, and the Governor of Jakarta from 2012 to 2014.

Background and education

Fauzi Bowo, known as "Foke" to many Jakartans, was born in Jakarta to a wealthy landowning family. [6] His father, Djohari bin Adiputro, was from Malang, East Java, and his mother, Nuraini binti Abdul Manaf, from Jakarta. After high school at Canisius College in Jakarta, Fauzi studied at the architecture faculty at the University of Indonesia from 1966 to 1967. There, he was involved in the Indonesian Students Action Front (KAMI), an organization established to counter the communist-influenced Indonesian Student Union. [7] In 1968, he won a scholarship to study in West Germany, where he was a student of town planning at the Technical University at Brunswick, graduating in 1976. While in Germany he was active in the Indonesian Students Association. In 2000, he completed a doctoral degree Doktor Ingenieur from University of Kaiserslautern, Germany. [8]

Malang City in East Java, Indonesia

Malang is the second largest city in the Indonesian province of East Java. It has a history dating back to the age of Singhasari Kingdom. As the second most populous city in the province, the 2016 census recorded 887,443 people in the city. Its metro area is home to 3,663,691 inhabitants spread across two cities and 22 districts.

East Java Province in Indonesia

East Java is a province of Indonesia. It has a land border only with the province of Central Java to the west; the Java Sea and the Indian Ocean border its northern and southern coasts, respectively, while the narrow Bali Strait to the east separates Java from Bali. Located in eastern Java, it includes the island of Madura, which is connected to Java by the longest bridge in Indonesia, the Suramadu Bridge, as well as the Kangean and Masalembu archipelagos located further east and north, respectively. Its capital is Surabaya, the second largest city in Indonesia and a major industrial center. Banyuwangi is the largest regency in East Java and the largest on the island of Java.

University of Indonesia state university in Depok, Indonesia

The University of Indonesia is a state university in Depok, West Java and Salemba, Jakarta, Indonesia. It is the oldest tertiary-level educational institution in Indonesia, and is generally considered as the most prestigious university in Indonesia, along with the Bandung Institute of Technology and Gadjah Mada University. In the 2019 QS World Universities Ranking, UI is ranked 1st in Indonesia, 57th in Asia and 292nd in the world.

Career

Two years after graduating in 1979, Fauzi was appointed acting head of the Jakarta Regional Bureau, eventually being promoted as regional secretary in 1999. He served as treasurer to the government Golkar organization from 1982 to 1997. In 2002, he expressed his intention to stand for the governor of Jakarta, which at the time was chosen by the regional administration. However, he was persuaded to stand aside and become deputy governor to Sutiyoso. [6]

Sutiyoso Indonesian politician, former general and sports administrator

Sutiyoso is an Indonesian politician and former general who was the Director of the State Intelligence Agency from 8 July 2015 - 9 September 2016. Known informally as 'Bang Yos', he was the governor of Jakarta, the country's capital, during a turbulent period from 1997. During this time there was a total of five presidents in Indonesia. The transitions between presidents were often accompanied by much turmoil and disturbance in the streets of Jakarta. Sutiyoso also served as chairman of the Badminton Association of Indonesia (PBSI) for the period 2004-2008.

In 2004 he began approaching political and religious organizations to support his bid for the governorship of Jakarta. With the support of 19 political parties, including Golkar, PDI-P and PPP, he stood for the governorship in 2007 with Prijanto as his running mate. Fauzi defeated his opponent Adang Daradjatun (running with Dani Anwar as candidate for deputy governor) in Jakarta's first gubernatorial election on 8 August by 57.9% to 42.1% of the vote.

United Development Party political party in Indonesia

The United Development Party is an Islam-based political party in Indonesia. Due to its distinctive logo, the party is nicknamed "Kaaba Party".

Fauzi was shortlisted for the 2008 World Mayor award but failed to finish in the top 10. [9]

World Mayor is a biennial award organized by The City Mayors Foundation since 2004. It intends to raise the profile of mayors worldwide, as well as honour those who have served their communities well and who have contributed to the well-being of cities, nationally and internationally. The organisers make it plain that the award has no connection with any city or organization and is run on strictly non-commercial lines. Helen Zille and Leopoldo Lopez discussed their 2008 nominations on the BBC World Service programme 'Outlook'. The Guardian looked at contenders for the 2014 prize. The 2018 World Mayor Project was dedicated to women mayors.

In 2013, he was appointed as Indonesia’s ambassador to Germany. [10]

Policies

Under Fauzi Bowo, 5 new routes of TransJakarta (Jakarta's "busway") were added, however TransJakarta users have complained of long waiting time and worsening service. [11] [12] There are constant complaints in the media about the worsening traffic situation. [13] Many Jakartans argue that Governor Fauzi and the Jakarta regional government should have done more to invest in public transport facilities, and to enforce regulations, in order to improve traffic flows across Jakarta. One response to the problem was a plan (2011) to establish a Greater Jakarta Transportation Authority to coordinate the implementation of the numerous proposals that had been made to improve the traffic challenges. [14] In 2012, a feasibility study for a Mass Rapid Transit (MRT)system was published; it proposed integration of the TransJakarta service and a railway service, and predicted construction of the rail lines to begin at end of 2012. After the project was pushed by Fauzi's successor, Joko Widodo, construction was in fact commenced in October 2013. [15]

One of the policies which Fauzi pursued is support for an anti-smoking campaign first introduced by his predecessor, former Governor Sutiyoso. The first tobacco legislation in Jakarta was introduced by Sutiyoso in 2005 when a by-law on air pollution control was issued. Several supporting regulations were subsequently introduced. Anti-smoking regulations introduced by Fauzi in 2011 banned people from smoking inside public buildings and certain other places. The regulations have had a noticeable impact in Jakarta. There has been a marked reduction in smoking in government offices and in places such as large modern hotels which are subject to the regulations. In May 2011 the World Health Organization named Fauzi as one of the recipients of the World No Tobacco Day 2011 Awards. [16]

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References

Specific
  1. "Profil Singkat Gubernur dan Wakil Gubernur DKI Jakarta (1947-2017) | Republika Online". Republika. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  2. Tempo: Indonesia's Weekly News Magazine Volume 7, Issues 43-52. Arsa Raya Perdana. 2007. p. 110 via Google Books.
  3. ""Pecah Kongsi" dalam Pilkada" (in Indonesian). KOMPAS.com. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 December 2007. Retrieved 7 October 2007.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. "Lewat Twitter, Anas Umumkan Pasangan Foke-Nachrowi" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  6. 1 2 Kompas newspaper 2 August 2007 p33
  7. Sundhaussen (1982)
  8. Pemimpin Jakarta yang Luwes Archived 4 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  9. worldmayor.com results
  10. Sihaloho, Markus Junianto (19 September 2013). "House Approves 22 New Ambassadors". The Jakarta Globe . Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  11. 'TransJakarta Services Considered Worsening' Archived 17 July 2012 at Archive.today , VivaNews, 14 May 2012.
  12. 'Ridwan dan Sutiyoso anggap Fauzi Bowo Gagal (In Indonesian)', Kabar Politik, 29 March 2012.
  13. 'Just another year, Foke!', The Jakarta Post, 25 June 2011.
  14. Andreas D. Arditya, 'Govt to help with city traffic', The Jakarta Post, 24 June 2011
  15. Jokowi leads MRT ground-breaking ceremony', The Jakarta Post, 10 Oct 2013.
  16. 'Anti-Tobacco Award for Fauzi' Archived 23 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine , The Jakarta Post, 30 May 2011.
Bibliography
Preceded by
Sutiyoso
Governor of Jakarta
2007–2012
Succeeded by
Joko Widodo