2018 Asian Games

Last updated

XVIII Asian Games
2018 Asian Games logo.svg
Host city Jakarta & Palembang, Indonesia [1]
MottoEnergy of Asia [2] [lower-alpha 1]
Nations participating45
Athletes participating11,300
Events465 in 46 sports (61 disciplines) [3]
Opening ceremony18 August [4]
Closing ceremony2 September
Officially opened by Joko Widodo
President of Indonesia
Officially closed by Ahmad Al-Fahad Al-Sabah
President of the Olympic Council of Asia
Athlete's Oath Arki Dikania Wisnu
Judge's OathWahyana
Torch lighter Susi Susanti
Main venue Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium [5]
Website Official website

The 2018 Asian Games (Indonesian : Pesta Olahraga Asia 2018 or Asian Games 2018), officially known as the 18th Asian Games and officially known as the XVIII Asian Games, was a continental multi-sport event that was held from 18 August to 2 September 2018 in Jakarta and Palembang.

Contents

For the first time, the Summer Asian Games were co-hosted by two regions; the Indonesian capital of Jakarta (which was hosting the Games for the first time since 1962), and Palembang, the capital of South Sumatra province. Events were held in and around the two cities, including venues in Bandung and the provinces of West Java and Banten. The opening and closing ceremonies of the Games were held at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium in Jakarta. The Games were originally awarded to Hanoi, Vietnam, but withdrew in 2014 due to budgetary concerns and other factors.

Several non-Olympic events were trimmed from the event programme, but several new disciplines being introduced at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo (including 3-on-3 basketball) were added. Esports and canoe polo were also contested as demonstration sports.

China led the medal tally for the tenth consecutive time. North and South Korea fielded a unified team during the opening ceremony and selected events, and also won their first-ever gold medal as a unified team at a multi-sport event. 6 world, 18 Asian and 86 Asian Games records were broken during the Games, while Japanese swimmer Rikako Ikee was announced as the most valuable player. [3]

Bidding process

The OCA originally planned to hold these Games in 2019 rather than 2018, so that Asian Games would be held in the year immediately before the 2020 Summer Olympics instead of two years before. After they were awarded to Indonesia, the OCA backtracked on these plans and kept the Games in 2018, so that they would not interfere with the 2019 Indonesian general election. [6] [7]

Initial bidding

Hanoi, Vietnam was originally selected to be the host after they won the bid against two other candidates, Surabaya and Dubai. They were awarded the winning bid on 8 November 2012, with 29 votes against Surabaya's 14 votes. [8] Dubai pulled out at the last minute, instead announcing their intention to focus on future bids. The UAE's National Olympic Committee's vice-president denied any pullout and claimed that Dubai "did not apply for hosting 2019 Asian Games" and had "only considered" doing so. [9] [10] [11]

However, in March 2014, there were some concerns about Vietnam's ability to host. These included concerns over whether the anticipated budget of US$150 million was realistic. There were claims that the government would eventually spend over US$300 million. In addition, critics were concerned that several stadiums built in conjunction with the 2003 Southeast Asian Games had not been utilized since. [12] Former chairman of the Vietnam Olympic Committee Ha Quang Du also claimed that hosting the Asian Games would not boost tourism in Vietnam. [13]

On 17 April 2014, Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng officially announced Hanoi's withdrawal from hosting, citing unpreparedness and economic recession as the main reasons for the withdrawal, saying "they have left the country unable to afford the construction of facilities and venues". [14] Many Vietnamese people supported the decision to withdraw. [15] No penalty was imposed for the withdrawal. [16]

Appointment of Jakarta and Palembang

After Hanoi's withdrawal, the OCA said that Indonesia, China, and the United Arab Emirates were major candidates under consideration to host. Indonesia was widely regarded as a favourite, since Surabaya was the runner-up of the previous bid, [17] and willing to do so if selected. [18] [19] The Philippines and India expressed their interest about hosting the Games, but India failed to submit a late bid because it was unable to get an audience with Prime Minister Narendra Modi after being given an extended deadline by the OCA. [20] [21]

On 5 May 2014, the OCA visited several Indonesian cities, including Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, and Palembang. At this time Surabaya decided to drop their bid to host the Games and instead focus on hosting the already scheduled 2021 Asian Youth Games. [22] On 25 July 2014, during a meeting in Kuwait City, the OCA appointed Jakarta as the host of the Games with Palembang as the supporting host. Jakarta was chosen because of its well-equipped sports facilities, adequate transportation networks, and other facilities such as hotels and lodging for guests. [23] On 20 September 2014, Indonesia signed the host city contract, [24] and was ceremonially appointed host during the closing ceremony of the 2014 Asian Games in Incheon. An organising committee was formed soon after the appointment. [25] [26] [27]

Development and preparations

Costs

By 2015, the central government had allocated a budget of IDR 3 trillion (US$224 million) to prepare for the Games, with regional administrations also expected to supply some part of the funding. [28] By July 2018, the budget allocation for the Games had been reported to be IDR 6.6 trillion (US$450 million) including IDR 869 billion (US$59 million) from sponsorships. [29] [30] [31] However, on 2 September 2018, the Finance Minister of Indonesia Sri Mulyani disclosed that IDR 8.2 trillion was financed by 2015–2018 state budget, which was used by the local organizing committee, namely the Indonesia Asian Games Organizing Committee (INASGOC) led by Erick Thohir, for all preparations, opening, organising, and finalizing the implementation of the 2018 Asian Games. [32] The total cost of arranging the Games is estimated about US$3.2 billion, of which $2.4 billion being spent on infrastructure development associated with the games. [33] [34]

Volunteers

Phase 2 volunteering programme of Jakarta-Palembang 2018 Asian Games began on 18 December 2017 with target of 13,000 volunteers being set. [35] [36] The volunteers wore clothing which included jacket, polo shirts and trousers which they collected from the Uniform Distribution and Accreditation Centre at the Sports and Recreation Arena in East Jakarta. Volunteers also wore accreditation card which gain them access to specific venues and buildings around the site. [37] [38]

Torch relay

Indonesian badminton legend Susi Susanti carried a torch fire during the Asian Games Torch Relay Concert in Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia Susi Susanti.jpg
Indonesian badminton legend Susi Susanti carried a torch fire during the Asian Games Torch Relay Concert in Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia

On 10 May 2018, 100 days before their opening, the Asian Games torch was unveiled. The design was inspired by the golok and skin — traditional weapons originating from Jakarta and Palembang. [39]

The torch relay began at the Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in New Delhi, host of the 1st Asian Games, on 15 July 2018. The flame was generated from a parabolic mirror directed at the sun. [40] On 18 July 2018, a ceremony took place in Brahma field by the 9th century Hindu temple of Prambanan near Yogyakarta, where the torch's flame from India were fused together with an Indonesian natural eternal flame taken from Mrapen, Central Java. Subsequently, the Torch Relay Concert were performed marking the start of torch relay throughout the country. [41]

The relay travelled through 54 cities in 18 provinces in Indonesia, including host cities. The relay covered a total distance of 18,000 kilometres (11,000 mi). [42] The relay finished on 17 August, the 73rd anniversary of the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence, at the National Monument in Jakarta before being carried into the opening ceremony at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium the next day. [40]

Marketing

Emblem and mascot

Bhin Bhin, Kaka, and Atung, mascots of the 2018 Asian Games 2018 Asian Games Mascot.svg
Bhin Bhin, Kaka, and Atung, mascots of the 2018 Asian Games

The initial emblem for the 2018 Asian Games was first unveiled on 9 September 2015, in celebration of the country's National Sports Day. [43] On 27 December 2015, the Games' mascot Drawa was unveiled by vice president Jusuf Kalla. Both the emblem and mascot were a stylized rendition of the cenderawasih, a rare species of bird in Indonesia. [44] [45]

The designs were widely criticised for their outdated appearance, and Drawa was also criticised for having little connection to Indonesian culture and history (with some Indonesians joking that the mascot looked more like a chicken than a cenderawasih). Organisers ultimately withdrew the original emblem and mascot, and announced an open call for a new design. Out of 60 submissions, the new emblem — entitled "Energy of Asia" — was unveiled on 28 July 2016. The new emblem was modelled upon the Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, and was intended to symbolise unity among Asian countries. [46] [47] [48]

Three new mascots were also unveiled: Bhin Bhin—a greater bird-of-paradise; Atung—a Bawean deer; and Kaka [lower-alpha 2] —a Javan rhinoceros. They represent the Eastern, Central, and Western regions of Indonesia, [50] as well as strategy, speed and strength. The mascots' outfits reflect traditional textiles; Bhin Bhin wears a vest with Asmat pattern details, Atung wears a Sarong with Batik tumpal patterns, and Kaka wears a Palembang Songket with flower patterns. Their names were derived from the national motto of Indonesia, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika". [51]

Medals

The medal designs were unveiled in July 2018, featuring batik designs reflecting the unity and diversity of Indonesian and Asian culture. [52]

Promotion

On 18 August 2017, simultaneous events were held at Jakarta's National Monument and Palembang's Kuto Besak Fort to mark the one-year milestone before the Games. The event in Jakarta was attended by president Joko Widodo, and featured performances by Taeyeon and Kim Hyo-yeon of K-pop group Girls' Generation. Countdown clocks were unveiled at the Selamat Datang Monument and in front of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium. [53] [54]

Several fun run events were held in Asian countries to promote the Games, beginning with Lahore, Pakistan in December 2017. [55]

Merchandising

The games' merchandises and licensing products which included mascot stuffed toy were sold in host city Jakarta including the Super Store in the Gelora Bung Karno sports complex from end of 2017 until end of September 2018. [56] [57] [58]

Music

The official theme song of the Games, "Meraih Bintang" ("Reach for the Stars"), was performed by Via Vallen. The song was included in a larger official album for the Games released 13 July 2018, featuring various Indonesian musicians. [59]

As part of an effort to appeal younger spectators, the Indonesian-Japanese idol group JKT48 was signed to perform at some of the Games' venues, such as jet ski, softball, and volleyball. [60] They performed in select events between 19 August and 1 September in a group consisted of eight members from each of its teams. [61]

Philatelic

As part of creating a memorable and collectible item, the Indonesian postal service Pos Indonesia issued a philatelic collectible items of the 2018 Asian Games series. These items were issued on 18 January 2018 and 18 August 2018. [62]

Venues

The Games used a mix of new and existing venues in Jakarta and South Sumatra (with organizers aiming to reuse existing facilities and infrastructure, such as those built for the 2011 Southeast Asian Games, to help control costs), as well as Jakarta's neighbouring provinces of Banten, and West Java. Venues were divided into four clusters, with three in Jakarta and its surrounding areas and one in Palembang. [63] [64] [28]

Jakarta

Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium hosted the ceremonies and athletics events. GBK Main Stadium new seats.jpg
Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium hosted the ceremonies and athletics events.

The Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex in Jakarta hosted 13 events. [65] [66] The 56-year-old Main Stadium was refurbished for the Games, [67] [68] replacing its existing bleachers and seating with an all-seater design (reducing its capacity to 77,193), and adding new sound systems and LED lighting among other enhancements. [69] [70] [71]

The Jakarta International Velodrome at Rawamangun in East Jakarta was rebuilt, at a cost of US$40 million for cycling, badminton, futsal, basketball, and wrestling. [72] The Jakarta International Equestrian Park at Pulomas underwent a US$30.8 million renovation, with a capacity of 1,000, 100 stables, lodging for athletes, and other amenities. [73]

Palembang

Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium hosted the final of women's football Stadion-gelora-sriwijaya-palembang.jpg
Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium hosted the final of women's football

Jakabaring Sport City was used as an event site. While there were preliminary plans to increase the size of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium from 36,000 to 60,000 seats, they were shelved. The site still underwent some renovations, including also being converted from bleachers to an all-seater. [74] [75] A new 40-lane bowling alley was constructed on the complex, [76] as well as eight additional tennis courts. [77] The length of the canoeing and rowing venue in Jakabaring Lake was extended to 2,300 meters, while new rowing facilities and a tribune were built on the lake shore. [78] Other existing venues which was used for Games were also renovated, including Ranau Sports Hall as sepak takraw venue. [79]

Athletes' villages

A 10-hectare ahletes' village was constructed in Jakarta's Kemayoran district, with 7,424 apartments in 10 towers, and a total capacity of 22,272. A second athletes' village was built at Jakabaring Sports City at Palembang, which housed 3,000 athletes and officials. [80] [81]

Transport

Ampera LRT Station, one of 13 stations of Palembang LRT LRT Palembang Ampera Station.jpg
Ampera LRT Station, one of 13 stations of Palembang LRT

As part of the Games preparation, the construction of the Jakarta MRT and Jakarta LRT was accelerated, though neither were ready for general commercial operation at the time of the opening ceremonies. [82] A line of Jakarta LRT connected the athletes' village at Kemayoran in Central Jakarta to the Velodrome at Rawamangun in East Jakarta. City bus operator TransJakarta added 416 buses to serve the officials, [83] and also provide free rides on selected days during the Games. [84]

Palembang upgraded their transportation facilities ahead for the Games by building 25 kilometres of the Palembang Light Rail Transit from Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport to Jakabaring Sports City which opened for public use in July 2018. [85] [86] Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport is expanding its existing arrival and departure terminals to increase its capacity and also connecting the airport with the light rail transit (LRT) terminal by building a skybridge. [87] Other transportation facilities such as toll roads, flyovers, and bridges will be also built in and around the city. [88]

The Games

Opening ceremony

Opening ceremony 2018 Asian Games opening ceremony 14 (cropped).jpg
Opening ceremony

The opening ceremony started at 19:00 Western Indonesian Time (UTC+7) on Saturday, 18 August 2018. Wishnutama, then-CEO of Indonesian TV network NET. was the creative director for the ceremony. [89] The ceremony stage showcased a towering 26 meter-high mountain with a waterfall as its background, accompanied by Indonesian plants and flowers. [90] North and South Korea delegates marched together under one unified flag of Korea, which marked the first time both countries did so in the Asian Games after 12 years.

The games was officially opened by the President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo. [90]

Sports

In March 2017, the Olympic Council of Asia initially announced that the Games would feature 484 events in 42 sports, including the 28 permanent Olympic sports contested at the 2016 Summer Olympics, the five additional sports that will be contested at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, as well as events in other non-Olympic sports. [91] In April 2017, the OCA approved reductions in the programme in response to cost concerns; belt wrestling, cricket, kurash, skateboarding, sambo, and surfing were dropped from the programme, and there was to be a reduced number of competitions in bridge, jet ski, jujitsu, paragliding, sport climbing, taekwondo (in particular, all non-Olympic weight classes), and wushu. These changes reduced the total number of events to 431. [92] [93]

The final programme was unveiled in September 2017, increasing it to 462 events in 40 sports (61 disciplines) as the second-largest programme in Asian Games history. [3] Additional disciplines being introduced at the 2020 Summer Olympics were also added, including 3x3 basketball and BMX freestyle. [94]

For the first time in Asian Games history, esports and canoe polo were contested as demonstration sports in the Games. Six video game titles, most notably Pro Evolution Soccer 2018, were featured in the esports events. [95] [96]

2018 Asian Games Sports Programme
Demonstration sports

Participating National Olympic Committees

All 45 members of the Olympic Council of Asia participated in the games. [97] North Korea and South Korea competed as a unified team in some events under the name "Korea" (COR), and marched together under the Korean Unification Flag during the opening and closing ceremonies. [98] With a gold medal in the Women's 500 metre dragon boat competition, a unified team won their first-ever gold medal in a multi-sport event. [99]

Originally set to compete as Independent Asian Athletes, the Kuwaitis were allowed to compete under their own flags just two days before the opening ceremony. [100]

Below is a list of all the participating NOCs. The number of competitors per delegation is indicated in brackets.

Participating National Olympic Committees [101]
Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees (by highest to lowest)

Calendar

All times are in Western Indonesia Time (UTC+7)

[133] [134]

 OC Opening ceremony ●  Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
August/September10th
Fri
11th
Sat
12th
Sun
13th
Mon
14th
Tue
15th
Wed
16th
Thu
17th
Fri
18th
Sat
19th
Sun
20th
Mon
21st
Tue
22nd
Wed
23rd
Thu
24th
Fri
25th
Sat
26th
Sun
27th
Mon
28th
Tue
29th
Wed
30th
Thu
31st
Fri
1st
Sat
2nd
Sun
Events
Ceremonies OC CC N/A
Aquatics Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Artistic swimming 1155
Diving pictogram.svg Diving 22222
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 777866
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo 11
Archery pictogram.svg Archery 448
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 4117791048
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton 2237
Baseball Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball 12
Softball pictogram.svg Softball 1
Basketball Basketball pictogram.svg 5 x 522
3x3 basketball pictogram.svg 3 x 32
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling 111126
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 1010
Contract bridge pictogram.svg Bridge 336
Canoeing Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg Slalom2216
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Sprint66
Cycling Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg BMX224
Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg Mountain biking22
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Road cycling112
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Track cycling23234
Dragon boat pictogram 2.svg Dragon boat 2215
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian 112116
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing 22222212
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey 112
Football pictogram.svg Football 112
Golf pictogram.svg Golf 44
Gymnastics Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Artistic1125518
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Rhythmic11
Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg Trampolining2
Handball pictogram.svg Handball 112
Jet Ski pictogram.svg Jet ski 1214
Judo pictogram.svg Judo 455115
Jujitsu pictogram.svg Jujitsu 3328
Kabaddi pictogram.svg Kabaddi 22
Karate pictogram.svg Karate 44412
Kurash pictogram.svg Kurash 3227
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon 112
Paragliding pictogram.svg Paragliding 2226
Pencak silat pictogram.svg Pencak silat 8816
Roller sports

Inline speed skating pictogram.svg Roller skating

26
Skateboarding pictogram.svg Skateboarding4
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 8715
Rugby sevens pictogram.svg Rugby sevens 22
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing 1010
Sambo pictogram.svg Sambo 224
Sepaktakraw pictogram.svg Sepak takraw 21126
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 2432232220
Tennis pictogram.svg Soft tennis 2125
Climbing pictogram.svg Sport climbing 2226
Squash pictogram.svg Squash 224
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 2125
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo 4332214
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis 235
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon 1113
Volleyball Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Beach volleyball 114
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Indoor volleyball 2
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 2212222215
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 554418
Wushu pictogram.svg Wushu 1232614
Daily medal events21292833423726363929363430441465
Cumulative Total215078111153190216252291320356390420464465

Canoe polo pictogram.svg Canoe polo (demonstration)

22
Electronic sports pictogram.svg eSports (demonstration) 1111116
August/September10th
Fri
11th
Sat
12th
Sun
13th
Mon
14th
Tue
15th
Wed
16th
Thu
17th
Fri
18th
Sat
19th
Sun
20th
Mon
21st
Tue
22nd
Wed
23rd
Thu
24th
Fri
25th
Sat
26th
Sun
27th
Mon
28th
Tue
29th
Wed
30th
Thu
31st
Fri
1st
Sat
2nd
Sun
Events

Closing ceremony

The closing ceremony started at 19:00 Western Indonesia Time (UTC+7) on Sunday, 2 September 2018 and ended at 21:25. In addition to local artists and a Chinese segment, the South Korean boybands Super Junior and iKon, and Indian singer Sidharth Slathia performed in the ceremony. [135] Mayor of Hangzhou Xu Liyi received the Games flag for the 2022 Games from Jakarta Governor Anies Baswedan and South Sumatra Governor Alex Noerdin. [136]

Medal table

China led the medal table for the tenth consecutive time. Korea claimed their first gold medal at the Games in the canoeing women's traditional boat race 500 m event. [137] A total of 37 NOCs won at least one medal, 29 NOCs won at least one gold medal and 9 NOCs failed to win any medal at the Games.

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below.

  *   Host nation (Indonesia) [138]

2018 Asian Games medal table
RankNOCGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)1329266290
2Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)755773205
3Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea  (KOR)495870177
4Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia  (INA)*31244398
5Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan  (UZB)20242569
6Flag of Iran.svg  Iran  (IRI)20202262
7Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei  (TPE)17193167
8Flag of India.svg  India  (IND)16233170
9Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)15184376
10Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea  (PRK)12121337
11–37 Remaining NOCs 77118205400
Totals (37 NOCs)4644656221551

Broadcasting

International Games Broadcast Services (IGBS), a joint venture between Host Broadcast Services (HBS) and IMG Media was appointed by the organiser in July 2017 to serve as the host broadcaster for these Games. [139] [140] Involving 37 live production units, it distributed 2,400 hours of the Games content to its international rights holders. [141] [142] The International Broadcast Centre was constructed in Jakarta Convention Center, with a smaller one constructed at the Palembang cluster. [143] [144]

Concerns and controversies

Before the Games, authorities in Indonesia were confident both host cities would be ready for the Games although they have had only four years to prepare rather than the usual six after stepping in to fill the gap when Vietnam, whose city of Hanoi was originally chosen to host these Games by the Olympic Council of Asia, dropped out in 2014 citing concerns over costs. On top of that, work in both host cities was delayed throughout 2015 because government funding was not immediately available. [145]

Various concerns from traffic congestion problems, series of terror attacks, which local police claimed is a pre-Asian Games crackdown on terror suspects and petty street criminals, [146] [147] and already-provoked Indonesian fans at the venue. [148] [149]

Jakarta struggled with air pollution and river pollution problems. [150] River pollution revealed where authorities covered a foul-smelling river near the athletes' village with black nylon mesh over fears it will be an eyesore at the showpiece event. [151] Governor of Jakarta at that time, and the Indonesian Environment and Forestry Ministry quickly relieved the issues by various solutions. [152] [153]

A doping case from a Turkmen wrestler was recorded, which jeopardize the sport's existence for future Games. [154]

See also

Notes

  1. Only the English version of the motto were used during the Games. There is no Indonesian equivalent of the motto adopted.
  2. The mascot was named Ika at the time of announcement, [48] [49] but it was later renamed Kaka.

Related Research Articles

Asian Games Multi-sport event

The Asian Games, also known as Asiad, is a continental multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The Games were regulated by the Asian Games Federation (AGF) from the first Games in New Delhi, India, until the 1978 Games. Since the 1982 Games, they have been organized by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA), after the breakup of the Asian Games Federation. The Games are recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and are described as the second largest multi-sport event after the Olympic Games.

Gelora Bung Karno Stadium Sports stadium

Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium, formerly Senayan Main Stadium and Gelora Senayan Main Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium located at the center of the Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex in Central Jakarta, Indonesia. It is mostly used for football matches. The stadium is named after Sukarno, the then-president of Indonesia, who sparked the idea of building the sports complex.

1962 Asian Games Fourth edition of the Asian Games

The 1962 Asian Games also known as the 4th Asian Games, IV Asiad, and Jakarta 1962, was the fourth edition of pan-Asian multi-sport event sanctioned by the Asian Games Federation (AGF). The games were held from 24 August to 4 September 1962, in Jakarta, Indonesia. It was the first international multi-sport event hosted by the then-17-year-old Southeast Asian country. This was the first of two Asian Games hosted by the city: the second was held in 2018, with Palembang as the co-host.

2011 Southeast Asian Games 26th Southeast Asian Games

The 2011 Southeast Asian Games, officially known as the 26th Southeast Asian Games, and commonly known as Jakarta-Palembang 2011, was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event held from 11 to 22 November 2011 in Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia. It was Indonesia's fourth time to host the Southeast Asian Games, and its first since 1997. Previously, Indonesia also hosted in 1979 and 1987. The capital city of Jakarta hosted all three of the previous Games prior to this. Palembang became the third SEA Games non-capital host city, after Chiang Mai (1995) and Nakhon Ratchasima (2007), both in Thailand. Around 5,965 athletes from 11 participating nations participated at the games which featured 545 events in 44 sports. The biggest competitor, sports, and events in Southeast Asian Games history.

2014 Asian Games 17th edition of the Asian Games

The 2014 Asian Games, officially known as the 17th Asian Games, was a pan-Asian multi-sport event held in Incheon, South Korea. This was the third time South Korea hosted the Asian Games. Previously, it hosted the 1986 edition of the Games and the 2002 Asian Games.

Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium

Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium, also known as Jakabaring Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium located in Jakabaring Sport City complex in Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia. It is currently used mostly for football matches. The stadium holds 23,000 spectators. The construction began in 2001 and finished in 2004 to host the 2004 Indonesia National Games. The stadium was initially named as Jakabaring stadium after the location of the stadium in southern outskirt of Palembang. However, later the stadium was renamed "Gelora Sriwijaya", to honor and celebrate the 7th—13th century Indonesian empire of Srivijaya. The Third Place Playoff of the 2007 AFC Asian Cup was held in this stadium. The football club Sriwijaya is based at the stadium.

Indonesia at the Asian Games Sporting event delegation

Indonesia is a member of the Southeast Asian Zone of the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA), and has competed in all editions of the Asian Games since it was first held in 1951, one of only seven countries to do so.

2022 Asian Games 19th edition of the Asian Games

The 2022 Asian Games, also known as XIX Asiad, will be a multi-sport event celebrated in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. Hangzhou will be the third Chinese city to host the Asian Games, after Beijing in 1990 and Guangzhou in 2010.

Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex Indonesian sports venue

Bung Karno Sports Arena, formerly named Senayan Sports Arena from 1969 to 2001 and Asian Games Complex on its early days, is a sports complex located in Gelora, Central Jakarta, Indonesia. It is usually misperceived to be located at Senayan, South Jakarta, hence its former name. The sports complex hosts main stadium, secondary stadium, the Sports Palace, football fields, aquatic stadium, tennis stadiums, hockey, baseball and archery fields, and several indoor gymnasiums. The complex was built in 1960 for the 1962 Asian Games and recently underwent a major reconstruction for the 2018 Asian Games and Asian Para Games.

2018 Asian Para Games Multi-sport event

The 2018 Asian Para Games, officially known as the III Asian Para Games, and commonly known as the Indonesia 2018 Asian Para Games, was a pan-Asian multi-sport event that held from 6 to 13 October 2018 in Indonesia's capital city of Jakarta. The event paralleled the 2018 Asian Games and was held for Asian athletes with disability.

The 2014 ASEAN University Games, officially known as the 17th ASEAN University Games, was a Southeast Asian university multi-sport event held in Palembang, Indonesia from 11 to 21 December 2014.

Bids for the 2018 Asian Games

Three cities submitted bids to host the 2018 Asian Games that were recognized by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA). The games were awarded to Hanoi, Vietnam. The other shortlisted city was Surabaya, Indonesia. This came after Dubai and the United Arab Emirates pulled out of the running at the last minute during the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) General Assembly meeting on November 8, 2012.

Indonesia at the 2018 Asian Games Sporting event delegation

Indonesia was the host nation of 2018 Asian Games held in Jakarta and Palembang from 18 August to 2 September 2018. Indonesia competed with 938 athletes, the most in the Games.

China at the 2018 Asian Games Sporting event delegation

The People's Republic of China competed at the 2018 Asian Games in Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia, from 18 August to 2 September 2018. China won 289 medals, leading the medal count for the tenth time in Asian Games history.

South Korea at the 2018 Asian Games Sporting event delegation

South Korea participated in the 2018 Asian Games in Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia from 18 August to 2 September 2018. It was the 18th appearance of the country at the Asian Games, except the first edition in Delhi. As one of the best competitors at the Games, South Korea's best achievement was in the 2002 Busan, with the acquisition of 96 gold, 80 silver and 84 bronze medals. At the latest edition in 2014 Incheon, the country had collected 79 gold, 71 silver, and 84 bronze medals.

Maldives at the 2018 Asian Games Sporting event delegation

Maldives competed at the 2018 Asian Games in Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia, from 18 August to 2 September 2018.

2018 Asian Games opening ceremony

The opening ceremony of the 2018 Asian Games took place on Saturday, 18 August 2018, at the Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium in Jakarta, Indonesia. The event commenced at 19:00 Indonesia Western Time (UTC+7) and ended at 21:25 local time. Wishnutama was the creative director of the ceremony. The ceremony featured a stage designed as a 26-meter-high mountain with a waterfall. It weighed 600 tons, was 120 meters long and 30 meters wide, and included a display of Indonesian plants and flowers, as well as a mock volcano. The volcano symbolized Indonesia's location in the "Ring of Fire" surrounding the Pacific Ocean. Host event broadcasting company International Games Broadcast Services (IGBS) filmed the televised coverage of the ceremony live internationally.

The 2018 Asian Games, officially known as the XVIII Asiad, is the largest sporting event in Asia governed by Olympic Council of Asia (OCA). It was held at Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia between 18 August – 2 September 2018, with 465 events in 40 sports and disciplines featured in the Games. This resulted in 465 medal sets being distributed.

A number of concerns and controversies surfaced before and during the 2018 Asian Games in Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia.

The 2018 Asian Games closing ceremony was held on Sunday, 2 September 2018 at the Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium in Jakarta. It began at 19:00 Indonesia Western Time (UTC+7) and ended at 21:25 local time. Like the opening ceremony, host event broadcasting company International Games Broadcast Services (IGBS) broadcast the ceremony live internationally. Vice President of Indonesia Jusuf Kalla, president of International Olympic Committee Thomas Bach, and president of Olympic Council of Asia Sheikh Ahmad Al-Fahad Al-Sabah were among the dignitaries in attendance.

References

  1. Odi Aria Saputra (10 April 2015). "Keppres Asian Games Turun Pertengahan April" (in Indonesian). Sriwijaya Post. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  2. Muhammad Hary Prasetya (12 February 2016). "Tema Asian Games 2018, The Energy of Asia, Ini Artinya". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 "Japan's swimmer Ikee named Asian Games' MVP". Xinhuanet.com. Xinhua News Agency. 2 September 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  4. "18-8-18 start planned for 18th Asian Games". Olympic Council of Asia. 27 January 2015. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
  5. Ade Irma Junida (2 October 2014). "GBK akan direnovasi demi Asian Games 2018" (in Indonesian). Antara. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  6. Davies, Will (20 September 2014). "Indonesia to Host 2018 Asian Games". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  7. Butler, Nick. "Asian Games set to be awarded to Jakarta – but in 2018 not 2019". Inside the Games. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  8. Adamrah, Mustaqim (9 November 2012). "RI loses Asian Games bid to Vietnam". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  9. Sambidge, Andy (9 November 2012). "UAE denies Asian Games 2019 vote pull-out". Arabian Business. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  10. Tam, Aaron (9 November 2012). "Hanoi wins race to host 2019 Asian Games: officials". AFP. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  11. "Hanoi wins race to host 2019 Asian Games". The Star. 8 November 2012. Archived from the original on 7 November 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  12. "Vietnam lawmakers concerned by mounting cost of Asian Games". Thanh Nien News. 26 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  13. "Vietnam PM could pull plug on Asian Games". Thanh Nien News. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  14. "Vietnam backs out as hosts of 2019 Asian Games". Reuters. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  15. Tre, Tuoi (17 April 2014). "Vietnamese hail PM's decision to relinquish 2019 Asiad". Tuoi Tre. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  16. "Asian Games: No penalty for Vietnam pullout, says OCA". Channel NewsAsia. 24 April 2014. Archived from the original on 24 April 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  17. "Indonesia favorite to take on 2019 Asiad". Shanghai Daily. 19 April 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  18. Thongsombat, Kittipong (30 April 2014). "Trio vying to host 2019 Asian Games". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  19. "Indonesia 'proud' to host 2019 Asiad if selected". The Times of India. 19 April 2014. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  20. Alinea, Eddie (31 August 2014). "POC bids to host next Asian Games". Manila Standard Today. Archived from the original on 5 November 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
  21. Ganguly, Sudipto (7 July 2014). "India drops plans for late 2019 Asian Games bid". Reuters India. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  22. "Kesiapan Indonesia Sebagai Calon Tuan Rumah AG 2019 Mulai Dievaluasi". Pikiran Rakyat. 5 May 2014. Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  23. Tjahjo Sasongko (28 July 2014). "Setelah 1962, Jakarta Kembali Tuan Rumah Asian Games" (in Indonesian). Kompas.com. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  24. "Indonesia to host 18th Asian Games in 2018". Olympic Council of Asia. 20 September 2014. Archived from the original on 21 September 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  25. Butler, Nick (4 October 2014). "Asian Games: The Closing Ceremony". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  26. Putri Utami (20 March 2014). "Menpora Janji Arena Asian Games 2018 Siap Tahun Ini" (in Indonesian). Okezone. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  27. DP, Yashinta (16 September 2015). "Pembukaan dan Penutupan Asian Games 2018 diadakan di Jakarta". Antara News. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  28. 1 2 Goddard, Emily (8 January 2015). "Preparations for Jakarta 2018 Asian Games praised by OCA President". inside the games. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  29. Dero Iqbal Mahendra (6 July 2018). "Keterlibatan Sponsor di Asian Games Perkecil Beban Pemerintah" . Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  30. Nicholas Nuriman Jayabuana (11 July 2018). "Biaya Asian Games 2018 Rawan Membengkak, Inasgoc Cari Sponsor Baru". Bisnis.com. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  31. Yoga Sukmana (6 July 2018). "Pemerintah Antisipasi Bengkaknya Anggaran Asian Games karena Pelemahan Rupiah". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  32. "Finance Minister Discloses Amount of State Budget Use for Asian Games 2018". Netral News. 3 September 2018.
  33. Loh, Lainey (19 July 2018). "How Indonesia is gearing up for the 2018 Asian Games". Travel Wire Asia. Archived from the original on 8 December 2018. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  34. Mahadeo, Telesha (28 June 2018). "2018 Asian Games: Time for Indonesia to shine". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  35. "About". 2018 Asian Games Volunteering. Archived from the original on 26 January 2018.
  36. "Volunteers". Inside the Games.
  37. "Volunteers prepare for 18th Asian Games". Around the Rings. 27 July 2018.
  38. Dan Palmer (27 July 2018). "Asian Games volunteers collect uniforms and accreditation". Inside the Games.
  39. Wina Setyawatie (10 May 2018). "Beginilah Bentuk Obor Asian Games 2018" [This Is the Shape of 2018 Asian Games' Torch] (in Indonesian). Pikiran Rakyat. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  40. 1 2 "Api Asian Games 2018 Berasal dari Sinar Matahari | Republika Online". Republika Online. Archived from the original on 5 February 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  41. Media, Kompas Cyber (18 July 2018). "Di Candi Prambanan, 2 Legenda Atlet Indonesia Satukan Api Obor Asian Games 2018 – Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  42. Wismabrata, Michael Hangga (18 July 2018). "5 Fakta Unik Api Obor Asian Games 2018 – Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  43. Prathivi, Niken (10 September 2015). "Asian Games logo expected to inspire high performance". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  44. "JK Resmikan Logo dan Maskot Asian Games 2018". Republika.co.id (in Indonesian). 27 December 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  45. Nistanto, Reska K. (1 January 2016). "Ini Kata Pelaku Industri Kreatif Soal Maskot Asian Games". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  46. Wardhani, Dewanti A. "Ministry to change logo, mascot after outcry". thejakartapost.com. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
  47. Etchells, Daniel (29 July 2016). "Official logo and mascots relaunched for 2018 Asian Games". Inside the Games. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  48. 1 2 Parlina, Ina (29 July 2016). "RI gets down to business with new logo, cute mascots". The Jakarta Post. Jakarta. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  49. "Meet Bhin-bhin, Ika, Atung, Asian Games 2018 Mascots - Jakarta Globe". 28 July 2016.
  50. White, Jonathan (17 August 2018). "Asian Games mascots: how does 2018 trio of Bhin Bhin, Atung and Kaka compare to creations of decades past?". South China Post. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  51. "Logo & Mascot 18th Asian Games 2018" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2016.
  52. "Asian Games medals reflect Indonesian culture". Antara News. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  53. Zafna, Grandyos. "Layar Hitung Mundur Asian Games Eksis di Bundaran HI". detiknews. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  54. "Asian Games Countdown". Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  55. Morgan, Liam (10 December 2017). "Pakistan Olympic Association hosts first official fun run to promote 2018 Asian Games". insidethegames.biz. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  56. "Inasgoc Targets Rp20 Billion from Asian Games 2018 Souvenir Sales". Tempo. 24 March 2018.
  57. Thomas Giles (29 March 2018). "Jakarta Palembang 2018 hoping for big souvenir sales".
  58. "Asian Games merchandise available until September". The Jakarta Post. 1 September 2018.
  59. Kumampung, Dian Reinis (13 July 2018). "Semangati Para Atlet lewat Album 'Asian Games 2018: Energy of Asia'" [Encourage athletes through the album 'Asian Games 2018: Energy of Asia']. Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  60. Mercy Raya (10 August 2018). "Promosikan Asian Games ke Kaum Milenial, INASGOC Gaet JKT48" [Promoting the Asian Games to Millennials, INASGOC Signed JKT48]. Detik.com (in Indonesian). Trans Media . Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  61. Nizar Zulmi (28 August 2018). "Semangat JKT48 Dukung Para Kontingen Asian Games 2018" [Spirit of JKT48 to Support the Asian Games Contingents]. Bintang.com (in Indonesian). Elang Mahkota Teknologi . Retrieved 8 January 2019.[ permanent dead link ]
  62. Nanien Yuniar (29 August 2018). Dadan Ramdani (ed.). "Prangko Asian Games dulu dan sekarang" (in Indonesian). Antara News Agency.
  63. "Indonesia Works Hard to Complete Asian Games 2018 Facilities". Tempo. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  64. "RI preparing Asian Games venues in record time". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  65. Rahmat, Arby (12 January 2018). "Lampu Stadion GBK Saingi San Siro Milan". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  66. Baskoro, Rangga (12 January 2018). "SU GBK Jadi Stadion Paling Terang Di Asia". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  67. "Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium Ready for 2018 Asian Games". Jakarta Globe. 13 January 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  68. "GBK stadium to go dark for Earth Hour". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  69. Diah, Femi (29 September 2017). "Wajah Terkini Stadion Utama GBK: Rasa Baru yang Makin Merah Putih". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  70. Raya, Mercy (12 January 2018). "Stadion Utama GBK Sudah Lebih Ramah Disabilitas". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  71. "Welcoming The New Face of Gelora Bung Karno Stadium". Tempo. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  72. "Perusahaan Inggris Bangun Velodrome Asian Games 2018". Tempo. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  73. "Pulo Mas equestrian facility to be completed next month". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  74. "Direnovasi, Kapasitas Stadion Jakabaring Berkurang". superball.bolasport.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  75. "Indonesia football fans damage Asian Games stadium". gulfnews.com. AFP. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  76. Media, Kompas Cyber (31 May 2018). "APP Sinar Mas Serahkan Jakabaring Bowling Center – Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  77. VIVA, PT. VIVA MEDIA BARU -. "Penambahan Lapangan Tenis untuk ASIAN Games 2017 – VIVA". viva.co.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  78. "Sumsel Siap Gelar 18 Cabang Olahraga Asian Games 2018" (in Indonesian). Suara Pembaruan. 3 March 2015. Archived from the original on 4 October 2018. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  79. "Jelang Asian Games, ISTAF Apresiasi Persiapan GOR Ranau – klikampera". klikampera (in Indonesian). 28 March 2018. Archived from the original on 19 July 2018. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  80. Aziza, Kurnia Sari; Afrianti, Desy (7 January 2015). "Jelang Asian Games 2018, DKI Akan Bangun Kampung Atlet di Kemayoran". KOMPAS. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  81. "Govt to build 10 apartment towers for athletes in Kemayoran". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  82. Tristia Tambun, Lenny (7 January 2015). "Hadapi Asian Games 2018, Djarot Minta Pembangunan MRT Dikebut" (in Indonesian). Berita Satu. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  83. Ibnu Aqil, Andi Muhammad (13 July 2018). "Transjakarta gets 416 new buses ahead of Asian Games". The Jakarta Post. thejakartapost.com. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
  84. "Indonesia Aims to Better Incheon's Asian Games Record in Spectator Numbers". Jakarta Globe. 10 August 2018. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  85. "South Sumatra to build monorail for 2018 Asian Games". Antara News. 26 August 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  86. "Beroperasi Tangal 23 Juli 2018. Warga Palembang tak Sabar Naik LRT. Harga Tiket Flat Rp 5.000 – Sriwijaya Post". Sriwijaya Post (in Indonesian). 19 July 2018. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  87. "Palembang airport to be revamped for 2018 Asian Games". Jakarta Post. thejakartapost.com. 14 October 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  88. "Jadi Tuan Rumah, Pemkot Targetkan 2017 Siap Sambut Asian Games" (in Indonesian). Rakyat Merdeka Online Sumsel. 9 March 2015. Archived from the original on 6 July 2018. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  89. "Di Balik Pembukaan Asian Games 2018: Eko Supriyanto & Denny Malik – Tirto.ID". tirto.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  90. 1 2 NDTVSports.com. "Asian Games 2018 Opening Ceremony Highlights: Grand Opening Ceremony Draws To A Close – NDTV Sports". NDTVSports.com. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  91. Winters, Max (6 March 2017). "Forty-two sports confirmed for 2018 Asian Games". InsideTheGames. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  92. Butler, Nick (19 April 2017). "Exclusive: Cricket and sambo among sports removed from 2018 Asian Games programme". Inside the Games. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  93. "Cricket removed from 2018 Asian Games programme". The Indian Express. 20 April 2017. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  94. "Forty sports and 462 events included in final programme for Jakarta 2018". Inside the Games. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  95. Dewi, Arum Kusuma (18 April 2017). "Esports Akan Dipertandingkan di Asian Games". INDOSPORT.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  96. "Canoe Polo Demonstration Event" (PDF). Asian Canoe Federation. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  97. "Indonesia prepares to light up the Energy of Asia for the Asian Games 2018". Indonesia.travel. Ministry of Tourism, Republic of Indonesia. 8 August 2018. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  98. Riotta, Chris (19 June 2018). "North and South Korea agree to joint teams for Asian Games" . Independent. independent.co.uk. Archived from the original on 1 May 2022. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  99. "Unified Korea team win historic gold". BBC News. 26 August 2018. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  100. "Olympics-IOC provisionally lifts Kuwait ban two days ahead of Asian Games". Reuters. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  101. "Asian Games 2018 Jakarta Palembang". Asian Games 2018 Jakarta Palembang. Archived from the original on 9 August 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  102. Ibrahim Momand, Mohammad (15 August 2018). "Afghan squad leaves for 2018 Asian Games". Salam Watandar. salamwatandar.com. Archived from the original on 18 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  103. "Bangladesh sends 117 athletes for 2018 Asian Games". banglanews24.com. 18 August 2018. Archived from the original on 18 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  104. "Bhutanese athletes gear up for 18th Asian Games 2018". Business Bhutan. businessbhutan.bt. 15 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  105. "Cambodia Wins Second Gold Medal in 2018 Asian Games, Ski Modified". en.freshnewsasia.com. 25 August 2018. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
  106. Hong'e, Mo (16 August 2018). "China to use Asian Games as preparation for Tokyo Olympics, says official". Ecns.cn. Xinhua. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  107. "中国香港代表团在亚运村升旗 女剑客江旻憓担纲开幕旗手". Sina News. sina.com.cn. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  108. "Ministry clears 804-member contingent". The Hindu. thehindu.com. 11 August 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  109. Laksamana, Nugyasa (6 August 2018). "Kontingen Indonesia untuk Asian Games 2018 Resmi Dikukuhkan". Kompas.com. olahraga.kompas.com. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  110. "Iran's national flag hoisted in 2018 Asian Games Village". Mehr News Agency. mehrnews.com. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  111. Nagatsuka, Kaz (13 August 2018). "Team Japan targets short- and long-term success at Asian Games". The Japan Times. japantimes.co.jp. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  112. "Team Jordan athletes start heading to Indonesia". The Jordan Times. jordantimes.com. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  113. "Up to 200 Kazakhstan's athletes arrive at Asian Games in Jakarta". BNews KZ. bnews.kz. 16 August 2018. Archived from the original on 18 September 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  114. "韩国强势阵容征战亚运,期待蝉联金牌榜亚军". Sports.news.cn. Xinhuanet.com. 10 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  115. Moura, Nelson (15 August 2018). "Macau|Local Karaté-do gold medallist left out of 2018 Asian Games due to passport regulations". Macau News Agency. macaubusiness.com. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  116. Phung, Adrian (10 August 2018). "PM urges Asian Games athletes to repeat 2010 feat". The Sun Daily. thesundaily.my. Archived from the original on 18 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  117. "State flag handed over to Mongolian athletes". Montsame. montsame.mn. 14 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  118. Post, Kathmandu (17 August 2018). "Participation itself an achievement: Nepal sports council". The Jakarta Post. thejakartapost.com. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  119. "Eyeing medals, Oman to send young team to Jakarta". Times News Service. Times of Oman. 28 July 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  120. "POA approves 245-strong contingent for Asian Games". Dawn. Dawn.com. 1 August 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  121. Beltran, Nelson (18 August 2018). "272 Filipino bets ready for war in 18th Asian Games". Phil Star Global. Philstar.com. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  122. Mackay, Duncan (17 August 2018). "Qatar choose squash player to carry flag at Asian Games Opening Ceremony". inside the games. insidethegames.biz. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  123. Meenaghan, Gary (14 August 2018). "Saudi Arabia hopeful ahead of opening Asian Games clash against Iran". Arab News. arabnews.com. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  124. "Asian Games: Singapore pin hopes on Schooling while Malaysia's David seeks fifth squash gold". Channel News Asia. channelnewsasia.com. 15 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  125. Kumara, Athula (16 August 2018). "The Sri Lankan team will leave for Indonesia today for the 18th Asian Games". Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation (SLBC). Colombo, Sri Lanka. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  126. Kaluarachchi, Anjana (12 August 2018). "SL to send largest ever contingent to Asian Games". Ceylon Today . Colombo, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 18 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  127. "Premier pledges full support for Taiwan delegation at 2018 Asian Games". Executive Yuan, Republic of China (Taiwan). english.ey.gov.tw. 15 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  128. "Thais aiming for 17 gold medal haul in Indonesia". Bangkok Post. bangkokpost.com. 18 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  129. "Turkmen athletes to compete for medals in summer Asian Games". Chronicles of Turkmenistan. en.hronikatm.com. 15 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  130. Palmer, Dan (2 August 2018). "United Arab Emirates confirm large delegation for Jakarta Palembang 2018". inside the games. insidethegames.biz. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  131. Tashkhodjayev, Javokhir (7 August 2018). "Uzbekistan athletes will compete at the Asian Games 2018". Uzbekistan National News Agency. uza.uz. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  132. "Vietnamese athletes ready for ASIAD 2018 competitions". Vietnam+. vietnamplus.vn. 17 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  133. "Sport Technical Handbook" (PDF). p. 36.
  134. "Media Guide" (PDF). p. 79–81, 116–387.
  135. "Closing Ceremony Asian Games 2018". asiangames2018.id. Archived from the original on 30 August 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  136. "China's Hangzhou takes over flag of 2022 Asian Games". ECNS. 3 September 2018. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  137. "Asian Games: Unified Korea team grab historic gold in canoe race". Channel NewsAsia. 26 August 2018. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  138. "Medals". asiangames2018.id. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  139. "HBS Missions: 18th Asian Games Jakarta Palembang". HBS. Archived from the original on 21 September 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2022.
  140. "Indonesia to Broadcast Live 38 Events of Asian Games 2018". Tempo. 9 November 2017.
  141. "IGBS Appointed Host Broadcaster of 2018 Asian Games in Indonesia". IGBS. 11 September 2017.
  142. Rajender Sharma (18 August 2018). "Asian Games Broadcast: 37 live production units, 13 ENG crews for event coverage". Inside Sport.
  143. "International Broadcast Centre". IGBS. Archived from the original on 10 January 2019.
  144. "2018 Asian games IBC officially open". IGBS. 17 August 2018.
  145. Rowbottom, Mike (18 August 2017). "Chairman of 2018 Asian Games Organising Committee confident host cities will be ready for event". Inside the Games. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  146. Davies, Ed; Silviana, Cindy (8 March 2018). "Indonesia confident on Asian Games preparations, traffic concerns remain". Reuters . Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  147. "Asian Games 2018: Risks of traffic jam and terror attack concern organisers". vietnamplus.vn. 18 July 2018. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  148. "Muda-muda Provokator, Pemain Timnas U-16 Malaysia Pasang Terbalik Bendera Indonesia - Tribun Jateng". Tribun Jateng (in Indonesian). 27 July 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  149. Peter, Fabian. "OCM look into athletes' safety at Asian Games". New Straits Times. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  150. Reuters Editorial. "From cloud seeding to vehicle curbs, Indonesia fights pollution..." IN. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  151. "How to Spruce Up for Asian Games? Cover a Polluted River". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  152. "Black river stinks no more: City councilors". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  153. "Ministry installs nano bubble equipment for Sentiong River". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  154. "Turkmen doping case puts wrestling under pressure at Asian Games". Channel News Asia. Channelnewsasia.com. AFP. 24 August 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
Preceded by Asian Games
Jakarta and Palembang

XVIII Asian Games (2018)
Succeeded by