|Provinces of the Philippines|
|Found in||Administrative and autonomous regions|
|Number||81 (as of 2020)|
|Areas||219.01–17,030.75 km2 (84.56–6,575.61 sq mi)|
In the Philippines, provinces (Filipino : lalawigan) are one of its primary political and administrative divisions. There are 81 provinces at present, which are further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The local government units in the National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are independent of any provincial government. Each province is governed by an elected legislature called the Sangguniang Panlalawigan and an elected governor.
The provinces are grouped into seventeen regions based on geographical, cultural, and ethnological characteristics. Thirteen of these regions are numerically designated from north to south, while the National Capital Region, the Cordillera Administrative Region, the Southwestern Tagalog Region, and the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao are only designated by acronyms.
Each province is a member of the League of Provinces of the Philippines, an organization which aims to address issues affecting provincial and metropolitan government administrations.
A provincial government is autonomous of other provinces within the Republic. Each province is governed by two main elected branches of the government: executive and legislative. Judicial affairs are separated from provincial governance and are administered by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. Each province has at least one branch of a Regional Trial Court.
The provincial governor is chief executive and head of each province. Elected to a term of three years and limited to three consecutive terms, he or she appoints the directors of each provincial department which include the office of administration, engineering office, information office, legal office, and treasury office.
The vice governor acts as the president for each Sangguniang Panlalawigan (SP; "Provincial Board"), the province's legislative body. Every SP is composed of regularly elected members from provincial districts, as well as ex officio members. The number of regularly elected SP members allotted to each province is determined by its income class. First- and second-class provinces are provided ten regular SP members; third- and fourth-class provinces have eight, while fifth- and sixth-class provinces have six. Exceptions are provinces with more than five congressional districts, such as Cavite with 16 regularly elected SP members, and Cebu, Negros Occidental and Pangasinan which have twelve each.
Every SP has designated seats for ex officio members, given to the respective local presidents of the Association of Barangay Captains (ABC), Philippine Councilors' League (PCL), and Sangguniang Kabataan (SK; "Youth Council").
The vice governor and regular members of an SP are elected by the voters within the province. Ex officio members are elected by members of their respective organisations.
National intrusion into the affairs of each provincial government is limited by the Philippine Constitution. The President of the Philippines however coordinates with provincial administrators through the Department of the Interior and Local Government. For purposes of national representation, each province is guaranteed its own congressional district. One congressional representative represents each district in the House of Representatives. Senatorial representation is elected at an at-large basis and not apportioned through territory-based districts.
Those classified as either "highly urbanized" or "independent component" cities are independent from the province, as provided for in Section 29 of the Local Government Code of 1991.Although such a city is a self-governing second-level entity, in many cases it is often presented as part of the province in which it is geographically located, or in the case of Zamboanga City, the province it last formed part the congressional representation of.
Local government units classified as "component" cities and municipalities are under the jurisdiction of the provincial government. In order to make sure that all component city or municipal governments act within the scope of their prescribed powers and functions, the Local Government Code mandates the provincial governor to review executive orders issued by mayors, and the Sangguniang Panlalawigan to review legislation by the Sangguniang Panlungsod (City Council) or Sangguniang Bayan (Municipal Council), of all component cities and municipalities under the province's jurisdiction.
The provincial government does not have direct relations with individual barangays. Supervision over a barangay government is the mandate of the mayor and the Sanggunian of the component city or municipality of which the barangay in question is a part.
Provinces are classified according to average annual income based on the previous 4 calendar years. Effective July 29, 2008, the thresholds for the income classes for cities are: [ needs update ]
|Class||Average annual income|
|First||₱450 million or more|
|Second||₱360 million or more but less than ₱450 million|
|Third||₱270 million or more but less than ₱360 million|
|Fourth||₱180 million or more but less than ₱270 million|
|Fifth||₱90 million or more but less than ₱180 million|
|Sixth||below ₱90 million|
A province's income class determines the size of the membership of its Sangguniang Panlalawigan, and also how much it can spend on certain items, or procure through certain means.
|ISO||Province||Capital||Population||Area||Density||Founded||Island group||Region||Total LGUs|
(1,608.21 sq mi)
|PH-AGN||Agusan del Norte||Cabadbaran||0.7%||691,566||3,546.86 km2|
(1,369.45 sq mi)
|20 Sep 1907||Mindanao||XIII||10||2||252|
|PH-AGS||Agusan del Sur||Prosperidad||0.7%||700,653||9,989.52 km2|
(3,856.98 sq mi)
|1 Jan 1970||Mindanao||XIII||13||1||314|
(703.25 sq mi)
|8 Nov 1956||Visayas||VI||17||—||327|
(994.51 sq mi)
|3 Apr 1574||Luzon||V||15||3||720|
|PH-ANT||Antique||San Jose de Buenavista||0.6%||582,012||2,729.17 km2|
(1,053.74 sq mi)
|10 Mar 1917||Visayas||VI||18||—||590|
(1,704.00 sq mi)
|14 Feb 1995||Luzon||CAR||7||—||133|
(1,215.19 sq mi)
|13 Aug 1979||Luzon||III||8||—||151|
(512.45 sq mi)
|27 Dec 1973||Mindanao||BARMM||11||2||255|
(530.11 sq mi)
(84.56 sq mi)
|26 Jun 1783||Luzon||II||6||—||29|
|PH-BTG||Batangas||Batangas City||2.7%||2,694,335||3,119.72 km2|
(1,204.53 sq mi)
|8 Dec 1581||Luzon||IV-A||30||4||1,078|
|PH-BEN||Benguet||La Trinidad||0.8%||791,590||2,826.59 km2|
(1,091.35 sq mi)
|16 Jun 1966||Luzon||CAR||13||1||269|
(206.95 sq mi)
|11 May 1992||Visayas||VIII||8||—||132|
(1,861.38 sq mi)
|22 Jul 1854||Visayas||VII||47||1||1,109|
(4,053.53 sq mi)
|10 Mar 1917||Mindanao||X||20||2||464|
(1,079.58 sq mi)
|15 Aug 1578||Luzon||III||21||3||569|
(3,589.11 sq mi)
|29 Jun 1583||Luzon||II||28||1||820|
|PH-CAN||Camarines Norte||Daet||0.6%||583,313||2,320.07 km2|
(895.78 sq mi)
|15 Apr 1920||Luzon||V||12||—||282|
|PH-CAS||Camarines Sur||Pili||1.9%||1,952,544||5,497.03 km2|
(2,122.42 sq mi)
|27 May 1579||Luzon||V||35||2||1,063|
(91.87 sq mi)
|18 Jun 1966||Mindanao||X||5||—||58|
(1,001.80 sq mi)
|10 Mar 1917||Visayas||VI||16||1||473|
(576.13 sq mi)
|26 Sep 1945||Luzon||V||11||—||315|
(607.79 sq mi)
|10 Mar 1614||Luzon||IV-A||16||7||829|
|PH-CEB||Cebu||Cebu City||4.6%||4,632,359||5,342.00 km2|
(2,062.56 sq mi)
|27 Apr 1565||Visayas||VII||44||9||1,203|
(3,478.36 sq mi)
|1 Sep 1914||Mindanao||XII||17||1||543|
|PH-COM||Davao de Oro||Nabunturan||0.7%||736,107||4,479.77 km2|
(1,729.65 sq mi)
|31 Jan 1998||Mindanao||XI||11||—||237|
|PH-DAV||Davao del Norte||Tagum||1.0%||1,016,332||3,426.97 km2|
(1,323.16 sq mi)
|8 May 1967||Mindanao||XI||8||3||223|
|PH-DAS||Davao del Sur||Digos||2.2%||2,265,579||4,607.59 km2|
(1,779.00 sq mi)
|1 Sep 1914||Mindanao||XI||9||2||414|
|PH-DVO||Davao Occidental||Malita||0.3%||316,342||2,163.45 km2|
(835.31 sq mi)
|28 Oct 2013||Mindanao||XI||5||—||105|
|PH-DAO||Davao Oriental||Mati||0.6%||558,958||5,679.64 km2|
(2,192.92 sq mi)
|8 May 1967||Mindanao||XI||10||1||183|
|PH-DIN||Dinagat Islands||San Jose||0.1%||127,152||1,036.34 km2|
(400.13 sq mi)
|2 Dec 2006||Mindanao||XIII||7||—||100|
|PH-EAS||Eastern Samar||Borongan||0.5%||467,160||4,660.47 km2|
(1,799.42 sq mi)
|19 Jun 1965||Visayas||VIII||22||1||597|
(233.43 sq mi)
|22 May 1992||Visayas||VI||5||—||98|
(1,014.76 sq mi)
|18 Jun 1966||Luzon||CAR||11||—||175|
|PH-ILN||Ilocos Norte||Laoag||0.6%||593,081||3,467.89 km2|
(1,338.96 sq mi)
|2 Feb 1818||Luzon||I||21||2||557|
|PH-ILS||Ilocos Sur||Vigan||0.7%||689,668||2,596.00 km2|
(1,002.32 sq mi)
|PH-ILI||Iloilo||Iloilo City||2.4%||2,384,415||5,079.17 km2|
(1,961.08 sq mi)
(4,793.43 sq mi)
|1 May 1856||Luzon||II||34||3||1,055|
(1,247.59 sq mi)
|18 Jun 1966||Luzon||CAR||7||1||152|
|PH-LUN||La Union||San Fernando||0.8%||786,653||1,497.70 km2|
(578.27 sq mi)
|2 Mar 1850||Luzon||I||19||1||576|
|PH-LAG||Laguna||Santa Cruz||3.0%||3,035,081||1,917.85 km2|
(740.49 sq mi)
|28 Jul 1571||Luzon||IV-A||24||6||674|
|PH-LAN||Lanao del Norte||Tubod||1.0%||1,019,013||4,159.94 km2|
(1,606.16 sq mi)
|4 Jul 1959||Mindanao||X||22||1||506|
|PH-LAS||Lanao del Sur||Marawi||1.0%||1,045,429||3,872.89 km2|
(1,495.33 sq mi)
|1 Sep 1914||Mindanao||BARMM||39||1||1,159|
(2,515.47 sq mi)
(2,373.19 sq mi)
|22 Nov 1973||Mindanao||BARMM||36||1||545|
(367.79 sq mi)
|21 Feb 1920||Luzon||Mimaropa||6||—||218|
|PH-MAS||Masbate||Masbate City||0.9%||892,393||4,151.78 km2|
(1,603.01 sq mi)
|18 Mar 1901||Luzon||V||20||1||550|
|PH-MSC||Misamis Occidental||Oroquieta||0.6%||602,126||2,055.22 km2|
(793.52 sq mi)
|8 Nov 1929||Mindanao||X||14||3||490|
|PH-MSR||Misamis Oriental||Cagayan de Oro||1.5%||1,564,459||3,544.32 km2|
(1,368.47 sq mi)
|15 May 1901||Mindanao||X||23||3||504|
|PH-MOU||Mountain Province||Bontoc||0.2%||154,590||2,157.38 km2|
(832.97 sq mi)
|PH-NEC||Negros Occidental||Bacolod||3.0%||3,059,136||7,965.21 km2|
(3,075.38 sq mi)
|1 Jan 1890||Visayas||VI||19||13||662|
|PH-NER||Negros Oriental||Dumaguete||1.3%||1,354,995||5,385.53 km2|
(2,079.36 sq mi)
|1 Jan 1890||Visayas||VII||20||6||557|
|PH-NSA||Northern Samar||Catarman||0.6%||632,379||3,692.93 km2|
(1,425.85 sq mi)
|19 Jun 1965||Visayas||VIII||24||—||569|
|PH-NUE||Nueva Ecija||Palayan||2.1%||2,151,461||5,751.33 km2|
(2,220.60 sq mi)
|25 Apr 1801||Luzon||III||27||5||849|
|PH-NUV||Nueva Vizcaya||Bayombong||0.4%||452,287||3,975.67 km2|
(1,535.01 sq mi)
|24 May 1839||Luzon||II||15||—||275|
|PH-MDC||Occidental Mindoro||Mamburao||0.5%||487,414||5,865.71 km2|
(2,264.76 sq mi)
|15 Nov 1950||Luzon||Mimaropa||11||—||162|
|PH-MDR||Oriental Mindoro||Calapan||0.8%||844,059||4,238.38 km2|
(1,636.45 sq mi)
|PH-PLW||Palawan||Puerto Princesa||1.1%||1,104,585||17,030.75 km2|
(6,575.61 sq mi)
|23 Jan 1902||Luzon||Mimaropa||23||1||433|
|PH-PAM||Pampanga||San Fernando||2.6%||2,609,744||2,062.47 km2|
(796.32 sq mi)
|11 Dec 1571||Luzon||III||19||3||538|
(2,104.65 sq mi)
|5 Apr 1580||Luzon||I||44||4||1,364|
(3,501.79 sq mi)
|2 Mar 1901||Luzon||IV-A||39||2||1,242|
(897.10 sq mi)
|18 Jun 1966||Luzon||II||6||—||132|
(460.21 sq mi)
|23 Feb 1853||Luzon||IV-A||13||1||188|
(592.07 sq mi)
|16 Mar 1901||Luzon||Mimaropa||17||—||219|
(2,335.16 sq mi)
(1,390.45 sq mi)
|16 Mar 1992||Mindanao||XII||7||—||141|
(130.31 sq mi)
|17 Sep 1971||Visayas||VII||6||—||134|
|PH-SOR||Sorsogon||Sorsogon City||0.8%||792,949||2,119.01 km2|
(818.15 sq mi)
|17 Oct 1894||Luzon||V||14||1||541|
|PH-SCO||South Cotabato||Koronadal||1.5%||1,509,735||4,428.81 km2|
(1,709.97 sq mi)
|18 Jun 1966||Mindanao||XII||10||2||225|
|PH-SLE||Southern Leyte||Maasin||0.4%||421,750||1,798.61 km2|
(694.45 sq mi)
|22 May 1959||Visayas||VIII||18||1||500|
|PH-SUK||Sultan Kudarat||Isulan||0.8%||812,095||5,298.34 km2|
(2,045.70 sq mi)
|22 Nov 1973||Mindanao||XII||11||1||249|
(617.92 sq mi)
|10 Mar 1917||Mindanao||BARMM||19||—||410|
|PH-SUN||Surigao del Norte||Surigao City||0.5%||485,088||1,972.93 km2|
(761.75 sq mi)
|15 May 1901||Mindanao||XIII||20||1||335|
|PH-SUR||Surigao del Sur||Tandag||0.6%||592,250||4,932.70 km2|
(1,904.53 sq mi)
|16 Jun 1960||Mindanao||XIII||17||2||309|
|PH-TAR||Tarlac||Tarlac City||1.4%||1,366,027||3,053.60 km2|
(1,179.00 sq mi)
|28 Mar 1873||Luzon||III||17||1||511|
(419.85 sq mi)
|11 Sep 1973||Mindanao||BARMM||11||—||203|
(1,479.09 sq mi)
|PH-ZAN||Zamboanga del Norte||Dipolog||1.0%||1,011,393||7,301.00 km2|
(2,818.93 sq mi)
|6 Jun 1952||Mindanao||IX||25||2||691|
|PH-ZAS||Zamboanga del Sur||Pagadian||1.9%||1,872,473||5,914.16 km2|
(2,283.47 sq mi)
|1 Sep 1914||Mindanao||IX||26||2||779|
|PH-ZSI||Zamboanga Sibugay||Ipil||0.6%||633,129||3,607.75 km2|
(1,392.96 sq mi)
|22 Feb 2001||Mindanao||IX||16||1||389|
|PH-00||Metro Manila||Manila †||12.8%||12,877,253||638.55 km2|
(246.55 sq mi)
This section provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject.(August 2013)
When the United States acquired the Philippines from Spain in 1898, the islands were divided into four gobiernos (governments), which were further subdivided into provinces and districts. The American administration initially inherited the Spanish divisions and placed them under military government. As insurgencies were pacified, civil government was gradually organized.
Mindanao is the second-largest island in the Philippines, after Luzon and seventh-most populous island in the world. Located in the southern region of the archipelago, the island is part of an island group of the same name that also includes its adjacent islands, notably the Sulu Archipelago. As of the 2010 census, Mindanao has 20,281,545 inhabitants, while the entire island group has an estimated population of 27,021,036 as of 2021.
Zamboanga Peninsula is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region IX. It consists of three provinces including four cities, and the highly urbanized Zamboanga City. The region was previously known as Western Mindanao before the enactment of Executive Order No. 36 on September 19, 2001. The city of Zamboanga was designated as the regional center until Pagadian was designated as its new regional center, although Zamboanga City remains the region's cultural, economic, and educational center.
Lanao del Norte officially the Province of Lanao del Norte, is a province in the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital is Tubod.
The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao was an autonomous region of the Philippines, located in the Mindanao island group of the Philippines, that consisted of five predominantly Muslim provinces: Basilan, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu, and Tawi-Tawi. It was the only region that had its own government. The region's de facto seat of government was Cotabato City, although this self-governing city was outside its jurisdiction.
The legislative district of Agusan was the representation of the historical province of Agusan in the various national legislatures of the Philippines until 1969. Butuan also remained part of the province's representation even after becoming a chartered city in 1950.
The legislative district of Zamboanga was the representation of the historical province of Zamboanga in the various national legislatures of the Philippines until 1953. The undivided province's representation encompassed the present-day provinces of Basilan, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay, and the highly urbanized city of Zamboanga.
The legislative district of Davao was the representation of the historical province of Davao in the various national legislatures of the Philippines until its dissolution in 1967.
The legislative district of Lanao was the representation of the historical province of Lanao in the various national legislatures of the Philippines until 1969. Marawi and Iligan also remained part of the province's representation even after becoming chartered cities in 1940 and 1950, respectively.
General elections are held for the first time in the newly created Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao for the Regional Governor and Vice-Governor were held on February 12, 1990. The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao region was first created on August 1, 1989, through Republic Act No. 6734 otherwise known as the Organic Act in pursuance with a constitutional mandate to provide for an autonomous area in Muslim Mindanao. A plebiscite was held in the provinces of Basilan, Cotabato, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Palawan, South Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi, Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur; and in the cities of Cotabato, Dapitan, Dipolog, General Santos, Iligan, Marawi, Pagadian, Puerto Princesa and Zamboanga to determine if the residents would want to be part of the ARMM. Of the areas where the plebiscites were held only Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi voted favorably for inclusion in the new autonomous region.
The flags of the provinces of the Philippines are the vexillological devices used by various provincial-level local government units (LGUs) of the country.
Telephone numbers in the Philippines follow an open telephone numbering plan and an open dial plan. Both plans are regulated by the National Telecommunications Commission, an attached agency under the Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT).
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Philippines:
The southern island group of Mindanao in the Philippines is divided into six administrative regions. Each region is subdivided into provinces.
Lanao Province was one of the former provinces of the Philippines from 1914 to 1959. Today, the province comprises Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur.
These are independent candidates in the 2013 Philippine House of Representatives elections:
The 2013–14 PFF National Men's Club Championship was the 3rd season of the PFF National Men's Club Championship, a Filipino association football competition organized by the Philippine Football Federation.
An autonomous region of the Philippines is a first-level administrative division that has the authority to control a region's culture and economy. The Constitution of the Philippines allows for two autonomous regions: in the Cordilleras and in Muslim Mindanao. Currently, Bangsamoro, which largely consists of the Muslim-majority areas of Mindanao, is the only autonomous region in the country.
The 1976 Tripoli Agreement was signed on December 23, 1976 in Tripoli, Libya by Carmelo Z. Barbero, representing the Government of the Philippines and Nur Misuari of the Moro National Liberation Front. The agreement defined autonomous administrative divisions for Muslims in the southern Philippines, the establishment of an autonomous government, judicial system for Sharia law and special security forces, and the observance of a ceasefire. The autonomous region was to have its own economic system, including an Islamic bank.
COVID-19 community quarantines in the Philippines are series of stay-at-home orders and cordon sanitaire measures implemented by the government of the Philippines through its Inter-Agency Task Force for the Management of Emerging Infectious Diseases (IATF-EID).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Provinces of the Philippines .|