Speaker of the Parliament of Finland

Last updated
Speaker of the Parliament of the Republic of Finland
Eduskunnan puhemies
Riksdagens talman
Logo of the Parliament of Finland.svg
Logo of the Parliament
Anu Vehvilainen.jpg
Incumbent
Anu Vehviläinen

since 9 June 2020
Parliament of Finland
Seat Helsinki, Finland
AppointerElected by the Parliament
During the first plenary session every year
Term length One year
Constituting instrument Constitution of Finland
PrecursorSpeakers of the Diet of Finland
Formation1907
First holder Pehr Evind Svinhufvud
DeputyTwo deputy speakers
Salary€ 13,390 per month [1]
Website www.eduskunta.fi

The speaker of the Parliament of Finland (Finnish eduskunnan puhemies, Swedish riksdagens talman), along with two deputy speakers, is elected by Parliament during the first plenary session each year. Speakers are chosen for a year at a time. In addition to their preparing the work in plenary sessions the speakers also play a key role in Parliament's international co-operation, which includes visits by speakers and international delegations as well as participation in numerous interparliamentary organisations.

Contents

The speaker and two deputy speakers are elected by parliament from among its members by secret ballot. After the election the speaker and deputy speakers each make the following solemn affirmation before Parliament:

"I, ..., affirm that in my office as speaker I will to the best of my ability defend the rights of the people, parliament and the government of Finland according to the Constitution."

Formally, the speaker ranks second in the protocol, after the president of Finland and before the prime minister of Finland. [2] An interim speaker is elected for the duration of government formation talks.

The title puhemies or talman has, both in Finnish and Swedish, the literal meaning 'spokesman', which has caused mild controversies in terms of sexism in language. However, according to official language authorities, the title is not easy to change to a more gender-neutral alternative due to its "strong connection to the institution and history of the Parliament". [3]

List of speakers of the Parliament of Finland

Name [3] ImageTook officeLeft officeParty
Pehr Evind Svinhufvud Pehr Evind Svinhufvud.jpg 23.5.190731.1.1913 Young Finnish Party
Oskari Tokoi Oskar Tokoi 1900-luvun alussa.jpg 3.2.19131.2.1914 Social Democratic Party
Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg Kaarlo Juho Stahlberg.jpg 3.2.19143.4.1917 Young Finnish Party
Kullervo Manner KullervoManner.jpg 4.4.191730.10.1917 Social Democratic Party
Johannes Lundson Johannes Lundson.jpg 2.11.191725.9.1918 Young Finnish Party
Lauri Ingman Lauri Ingman.jpg 27.9.19184.11.1918 Finnish Party
Ernst Nevanlinna Ernst Nevanlinna.jpg 6.11.191811.11.1918 Finnish Party
Lauri Ingman Lauri Ingman.jpg 13.11.191828.11.1918 Finnish Party
Paavo Virkkunen Coat of arms of Finland.svg 29.11.191831.3.1919 Finnish Party
Lauri Kristian Relander Relander LC.jpg 2.4.19198.5.1920 Agrarian League
Kyösti Kallio Kallio.jpg 8.5.192029.3.1921 Agrarian League
Wäinö Wuolijoki Waino Wuolijoki (Peruskivi (cropped)).jpg 31.3.19214.9.1922 Social Democratic Party
Kyösti Kallio Kallio.jpg 6.9.192214.11.1922 Agrarian League
Wäinö Wuolijoki Waino Wuolijoki (Peruskivi (cropped)).jpg 15.11.192231.1.1923 Social Democratic Party
Paavo Virkkunen Coat of arms of Finland.svg 2.2.192330.4.1924 National Coalition Party
Kyösti Kallio Kallio.jpg 2.5.192431.3.1925 Agrarian League
Wäinö Wuolijoki Waino Wuolijoki (Peruskivi (cropped)).jpg 1.4.192531.1.1926 Social Democratic Party
Paavo Virkkunen Coat of arms of Finland.svg 2.2.19261.9.1927 National Coalition Party
Kyösti Kallio Kallio.jpg 3.9.192731.1.1928 Agrarian League
Paavo Virkkunen Coat of arms of Finland.svg 1.2.192831.1.1929 National Coalition Party
Kyösti Kallio Kallio.jpg 1.2.192916.8.1929 Agrarian League
Paavo Virkkunen Coat of arms of Finland.svg 17.8.19297.7.1930 National Coalition Party
Juho Sunila JuhoSunila.jpg 8.7.193020.10.1930 Agrarian League
Kyösti Kallio Kallio.jpg 21.10.19308.10.1936 Agrarian League
Väinö Hakkila Vaino Hakkila.jpg 9.10.19364.4.1945 Social Democratic Party
Karl-August Fagerholm Karl-August Fagerholm.jpg 6.4.194514.7.1948 Social Democratic Party
Urho Kekkonen Urho Kaleva Kekkonen.jpg 22.7.194821.3.1950 Agrarian League
Karl-August Fagerholm Karl-August Fagerholm.jpg 23.3.19506.3.1956 Social Democratic Party
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen Vieno Johannes Sukselainen.jpg 9.3.195628.5.1957 Agrarian League
Karl-August Fagerholm Karl-August Fagerholm.jpg 31.5.19576.6.1958 Social Democratic Party
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen Vieno Johannes Sukselainen.jpg 29.7.195814.1.1959 Agrarian League
Karl-August Fagerholm Karl-August Fagerholm.jpg 14.1.195916.2.1962 Social Democratic Party
Kauno Kleemola Kauno Kleemola.jpg 24.2.196212.3.1965 Agrarian League / Centre Party
Karl-August Fagerholm Karl-August Fagerholm.jpg 23.3.19654.4.1966 Social Democratic Party
Rafael Paasio PuhemiesRafael-Paasio-1963.jpg 14.4.19661.6.1966 Social Democratic Party
Johannes Virolainen Johannes Virolainen 1955.jpg 3.6.196626.3.1968 Centre Party
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen Vieno Johannes Sukselainen.jpg 26.3.196820.3.1970 Centre Party
Rafael Paasio PuhemiesRafael-Paasio-1963.jpg 3.4.197029.2.1972 Social Democratic Party
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen Vieno Johannes Sukselainen.jpg 29.2.197228.1.1976 Centre Party
Veikko Helle Helle ja paasio.jpg 5.2.197631.1.1978 Social Democratic Party
Ahti Pekkala Coat of arms of Finland.svg 1.2.197829.5.1979 Centre Party
Johannes Virolainen Johannes Virolainen 1955.jpg 5.6.197925.3.1983 Centre Party
Erkki Pystynen Coat of arms of Finland.svg 7.4.198325.3.1987 National Coalition Party
Ilkka Suominen Ilkka Suominen.jpg 2.4.19875.5.1987 National Coalition Party
Matti Ahde Matti Ahde.jpg 8.5.19871.2.1989 Social Democratic Party
Kalevi Sorsa Kalevi Sorsa.jpg 1.2.198921.3.1991 Social Democratic Party
Esko Aho Esko Aho (cropped).jpg 4.4.199126.4.1991 Centre Party
Ilkka Suominen Ilkka Suominen.jpg 30.4.19916.2.1994 National Coalition Party
Riitta Uosukainen Riitta Uosukainen.jpg 7.2.199423.3.1995 National Coalition Party
Paavo Lipponen Paavo lipponen 15.1.2002 (cropped).jpg 28.3.199519.4.1995 Social Democratic Party
Riitta Uosukainen Riitta Uosukainen.jpg 21.4.199523.3.1999 National Coalition Party
Jukka Mikkola Jukka Mikkola.jpg 30.3.199916.4.1999 Social Democratic Party
Riitta Uosukainen Riitta Uosukainen.jpg 20.4.199918.3.2003 National Coalition Party
Anneli Jäätteenmäki Jaatteenmaki Anneli 2014-02-06 1.jpg 25.3.200316.4.2003 Centre Party
Paavo Lipponen Paavo lipponen 15.1.2002 (cropped).jpg 22.4.200320.3.2007 Social Democratic Party
Timo Kalli Timo Kalli.jpg 27.3.200720.4.2007 Centre Party
Sauli Niinistö Sauli Niinisto.jpg 24.4.200719.4.2011 National Coalition Party
Ben Zyskowicz Ben Zyskowicz 2014.jpg 27.4.201122.6.2011 National Coalition Party
Eero Heinäluoma Plenum toppmotet. Nordiska Radet session i Helsingfors 29.10.2012 (1) (cropped).jpg 23.6.201121.4.2015 Social Democratic Party
Juha Sipilä Juha Sipila 18-4-2015.JPG 28.4.201529.5.2015 Centre Party
Maria Lohela Maria Lohela 2015.jpg 29.5.20155.2.2018 Finns Party / Blue Reform
Paula Risikko PaulaRisikko2.jpg 5.2.201816.4.2019 National Coalition Party
Antti Rinne Antti Rinne.jpg 24.4.20195.6.2019 Social Democratic Party
Matti Vanhanen 2020-03-02 Matti Vanhanen.jpg 7.6.20199.6.2020 Centre Party
Anu Vehviläinen Anu Vehvilainen.jpg 9.6.2020Incumbent Centre Party

List of deputy speakers

See also

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References

  1. "Eduskunnan puhemiehen palkkioon yli tuhannen euron korotus, toisen kauden kansanedustajien palkkioihin uusi "väliporras"". Helsingin Sanomat. April 17, 2019.
  2. Maassa maan tavalla - tunne säännöt ja onnistu. Ulkoasiainministeriön protokollapalvelut (in Finnish). Ulkoasiainministeriö. 2008. p. 32. ISBN   978-952-281-173-8.
  3. 1 2 "History of Finnish Parliament". Eduskunta. Archived from the original on 2014-06-06.

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