|Speaker of the Parliament of the Republic of Finland|
|Parliament of Finland|
|Appointer||Elected by the Parliament|
During the first plenary session every year
|Term length||One year|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Finland|
|Precursor||Speakers of the Diet of Finland|
|First holder||Pehr Evind Svinhufvud|
|Deputy||Two deputy speakers|
|Salary||€ 13,390 per month|
The speaker of the Parliament of Finland (Finnish eduskunnan puhemies, Swedish riksdagens talman), along with two deputy speakers, is elected by Parliament during the first plenary session each year. Speakers are chosen for a year at a time. In addition to their preparing the work in plenary sessions the speakers also play a key role in Parliament's international co-operation, which includes visits by speakers and international delegations as well as participation in numerous interparliamentary organisations.
The speaker and two deputy speakers are elected by parliament from among its members by secret ballot. After the election the speaker and deputy speakers each make the following solemn affirmation before Parliament:
Formally, the speaker ranks second in the protocol, after the president of Finland and before the prime minister of Finland.An interim speaker is elected for the duration of government formation talks.
The title puhemies or talman has, both in Finnish and Swedish, the literal meaning 'spokesman', which has caused mild controversies in terms of sexism in language. However, according to official language authorities, the title is not easy to change to a more gender-neutral alternative due to its "strong connection to the institution and history of the Parliament".
|Name||Image||Took office||Left office||Party|
|Pehr Evind Svinhufvud||23.5.1907||31.1.1913||Young Finnish Party|
|Oskari Tokoi||3.2.1913||1.2.1914||Social Democratic Party|
|Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg||3.2.1914||3.4.1917||Young Finnish Party|
|Kullervo Manner||4.4.1917||30.10.1917||Social Democratic Party|
|Johannes Lundson||2.11.1917||25.9.1918||Young Finnish Party|
|Lauri Ingman||27.9.1918||4.11.1918||Finnish Party|
|Ernst Nevanlinna||6.11.1918||11.11.1918||Finnish Party|
|Lauri Ingman||13.11.1918||28.11.1918||Finnish Party|
|Paavo Virkkunen||29.11.1918||31.3.1919||Finnish Party|
|Lauri Kristian Relander||2.4.1919||8.5.1920||Agrarian League|
|Kyösti Kallio||8.5.1920||29.3.1921||Agrarian League|
|Wäinö Wuolijoki||31.3.1921||4.9.1922||Social Democratic Party|
|Kyösti Kallio||6.9.1922||14.11.1922||Agrarian League|
|Wäinö Wuolijoki||15.11.1922||31.1.1923||Social Democratic Party|
|Paavo Virkkunen||2.2.1923||30.4.1924||National Coalition Party|
|Kyösti Kallio||2.5.1924||31.3.1925||Agrarian League|
|Wäinö Wuolijoki||1.4.1925||31.1.1926||Social Democratic Party|
|Paavo Virkkunen||2.2.1926||1.9.1927||National Coalition Party|
|Kyösti Kallio||3.9.1927||31.1.1928||Agrarian League|
|Paavo Virkkunen||1.2.1928||31.1.1929||National Coalition Party|
|Kyösti Kallio||1.2.1929||16.8.1929||Agrarian League|
|Paavo Virkkunen||17.8.1929||7.7.1930||National Coalition Party|
|Juho Sunila||8.7.1930||20.10.1930||Agrarian League|
|Kyösti Kallio||21.10.1930||8.10.1936||Agrarian League|
|Väinö Hakkila||9.10.1936||4.4.1945||Social Democratic Party|
|Karl-August Fagerholm||6.4.1945||14.7.1948||Social Democratic Party|
|Urho Kekkonen||22.7.1948||21.3.1950||Agrarian League|
|Karl-August Fagerholm||23.3.1950||6.3.1956||Social Democratic Party|
|Vieno Johannes Sukselainen||9.3.1956||28.5.1957||Agrarian League|
|Karl-August Fagerholm||31.5.1957||6.6.1958||Social Democratic Party|
|Vieno Johannes Sukselainen||29.7.1958||14.1.1959||Agrarian League|
|Karl-August Fagerholm||14.1.1959||16.2.1962||Social Democratic Party|
|Kauno Kleemola||24.2.1962||12.3.1965||Agrarian League / Centre Party|
|Karl-August Fagerholm||23.3.1965||4.4.1966||Social Democratic Party|
|Rafael Paasio||14.4.1966||1.6.1966||Social Democratic Party|
|Johannes Virolainen||3.6.1966||26.3.1968||Centre Party|
|Vieno Johannes Sukselainen||26.3.1968||20.3.1970||Centre Party|
|Rafael Paasio||3.4.1970||29.2.1972||Social Democratic Party|
|Vieno Johannes Sukselainen||29.2.1972||28.1.1976||Centre Party|
|Veikko Helle||5.2.1976||31.1.1978||Social Democratic Party|
|Ahti Pekkala||1.2.1978||29.5.1979||Centre Party|
|Johannes Virolainen||5.6.1979||25.3.1983||Centre Party|
|Erkki Pystynen||7.4.1983||25.3.1987||National Coalition Party|
|Ilkka Suominen||2.4.1987||5.5.1987||National Coalition Party|
|Matti Ahde||8.5.1987||1.2.1989||Social Democratic Party|
|Kalevi Sorsa||1.2.1989||21.3.1991||Social Democratic Party|
|Esko Aho||4.4.1991||26.4.1991||Centre Party|
|Ilkka Suominen||30.4.1991||6.2.1994||National Coalition Party|
|Riitta Uosukainen||7.2.1994||23.3.1995||National Coalition Party|
|Paavo Lipponen||28.3.1995||19.4.1995||Social Democratic Party|
|Riitta Uosukainen||21.4.1995||23.3.1999||National Coalition Party|
|Jukka Mikkola||30.3.1999||16.4.1999||Social Democratic Party|
|Riitta Uosukainen||20.4.1999||18.3.2003||National Coalition Party|
|Anneli Jäätteenmäki||25.3.2003||16.4.2003||Centre Party|
|Paavo Lipponen||22.4.2003||20.3.2007||Social Democratic Party|
|Timo Kalli||27.3.2007||20.4.2007||Centre Party|
|Sauli Niinistö||24.4.2007||19.4.2011||National Coalition Party|
|Ben Zyskowicz||27.4.2011||22.6.2011||National Coalition Party|
|Eero Heinäluoma||23.6.2011||21.4.2015||Social Democratic Party|
|Juha Sipilä||28.4.2015||29.5.2015||Centre Party|
|Maria Lohela||29.5.2015||5.2.2018||Finns Party / Blue Reform|
|Paula Risikko||5.2.2018||16.4.2019||National Coalition Party|
|Antti Rinne||24.4.2019||5.6.2019||Social Democratic Party|
|Matti Vanhanen||7.6.2019||9.6.2020||Centre Party|
|Anu Vehviläinen||9.6.2020||Incumbent||Centre Party|
First deputy speakers
Second deputy speakers
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