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A block is an administrative division of some South Asian countries.
In Bhutan, a block is called a gewog. It is essentially for oil a group of villages. Gewogs are official administrative units of Bhutan. The country is composed of 205 gewogs.
Each gewog is headed by a gup or headman.
Block is a district sub-division for the purpose of rural development department and Panchayati Raj institutes. Cities have similar arrangements under the Urban Development department. Tehsils (also called Taluks) are common across urban and rural areas for the administration of land and revenue department to keep tract of land ownership and levy the land tax.
For planning purpose, a district is divided into four levels:
A tehsil may consist of one or more number of blocks. Blocks are usually planning & development units of a district in addition to tehsils. A block represents a compact area for which effective plans are prepared and implemented through Gram Panchayats.
For example, Muzaffarnagar District of Uttar Pradesh has 9blocks namely:
|Sr. No.||Block Name|
The Block Development Officer is the official in charge of a block. Block Development Officers monitor the implementation of all programmes relating to planning and development of the blocks. Coordination of development and implementation of plans in all blocks of a district is provided by a Chief Development Officer (CDO). BDO's office is the main operational wing of the government for the development administration as well as regulatory administration.
Kanpur, is a metropolis in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. The greater metropolis is divided into two districts: the urban district of Kanpur Nagar and the rural district of Kanpur Dehat.
The National Capital Region (NCR) is a central planning region centred upon the National Capital Territory in India. It encompasses the entire NCT of Delhi and several districts surrounding it from the states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. The NCR and the associated National Capital Region Planning Board were created in 1985 to plan the development of the region and to evolve harmonized policies for the control of land-uses and development of infrastructure in the region. Prominent cities of NCR include Delhi, Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurugram, Noida, Meerut, Bulandshahr, Muzaffarnagar, Karnal, Rohtak, Alwar, Bharatpur, Sonipat, Panipat, Aligarh and Mathura.
Purba Medinipur district is an administrative unit in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the southernmost district of Medinipur division – one of the five administrative divisions of West Bengal. The headquarters in Tamluk. It was formed on 1 January 2002 after the Partition of Medinipur into Purba Medinipur and Paschim Medinipur which lies at the northern and western border of it. The state of Odisha is at the southwest border; the Bay of Bengal lies in the south; the Hooghly river and South 24 Parganas district to the east; and Howrah district to the north-east.
Moradabad district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh, India. Moradabad is the district headquarters. Moradabad district is a part of Moradabad division. As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Uttar Pradesh, after Allahabad.
Meerut district, is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Meerut is the district headquarters. Meerut district is also a part of the Meerut division. The administrative head of district of Meerut is a District Magistrate while the administrative head of Meerut Division is Divisional Commissioner, an IAS officer.
The administrative divisions of India are subnational administrative units of India; they compose a nested hierarchy of country subdivisions.
Panchayat samiti are rural local governments (panchayats) at the intermediate level in panchayat raj institutions (PRI).
In India, the Panchayati Raj generally refers to the local self-government of villages in rural India as opposed to urban and suburban municipalities, this system was introduced by a constitutional amendment in 1992. Although it is based upon the historical panchayat system of the Indian subcontinent. The recommendation of LM Singhvi Committee (1986) was accepted. This Panchayati Raj system was formalized in 1992, following a study conducted by a number of Indian committees on various ways of implementing more decentralized administration. The modern Panchayati Raj and its Gram Panchayats are not to be confused with the extra-constitutional Khap Panchayats found in northern India.
In India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, a tehsildar is a tax Officer accompanied with Revenue inspectors. They are in charge of obtaining taxes from a tehsil with regard to Land Revenue. A Tahsildar also known as Executive Magistrate of the tehsil concerned.
Alipurduar District is the 20th district in the state of West Bengal, India. It consists of Alipurduar municipality, Falakata municipality and six community development blocks: Madarihat–Birpara, Alipurduar–I, Alipurduar–II, Falakata, Kalchini and Kumargram. The six blocks contain 66 gram panchayats and nine census towns. The district has its headquarters at Alipurduar. It was made a district on 25 June 2014.
Chandannagore subdivision is an administrative subdivision of the Hooghly district in the state of West Bengal, India.
A tehsil is an administrative division in some countries of the Indian subcontinent that is usually translated to "township". It is a subdivision of the area within a district including the designated city, town, hamlet, or other populated place that serves as its administrative centre, with possible additional towns, and usually a number of villages. The terms in India have replaced earlier geographical terms, such as pargana and thana.
Local government in India refers to governmental jurisdictions below the level of the state. India is a federal republic with three spheres of government: central, state and local. The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments give recognition and protection to local governments and in addition each state has its own local government legislation. Since 1992, local government in India (bala)takes place in two very distinct forms. Urban localities, covered in the 74th amendment to the Constitution, have Nagar Palika but derive their powers from the individual state governments, while the powers of rural localities have been formalized under the panchayati raj system, under the 73rd amendment to the Constitution. For the history of traditional local government in India and South Asia, see panchayati raj.
In India a community development block is a rural area administratively earmarked for planning and development. The area is administered by a Block Development Officer, supported by several technical specialists and village-level workers. A community development block covers several gram panchayats, the local administrative units at the village level.
Kalchini is an administrative division in Alipurduar subdivision of Alipurduar district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Kalchini and Jaygaon police stations serve this block. Headquarters of this block is at Kalchini. There are two census towns in this block: Jaygaon and Uttar Latabari.
Haringhata is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Kalyani subdivision of Nadia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Block Pramukh (president) are Panchayats at the Apex or District Level in Panchayat Raj Institutions.
Sonpur Community development block is a rural area earmarked for administration and development in Saran district. The area is administered by a Block Development Officer. It is the second largest Block of Saran district in terms of population. A community development block covers several gram panchayats, Panchayat Samiti (Block), Primary Agricultural Co-operative societies (PACS) and other local administrative unit at the village level. It is represented by Sonpur Vidhan Sabha constituency in Bihar Legislative Assembly and Saran Lok Sabha constituency in Indian parliament. Currently, C.D.Blocks are administrative units of 3rd level in Bihar state of India. Sonpur nagar panchayat was established in 2002. The civic body election in Sonpur nagar panchayat was held in May 2017. The term of office-bearers is for 5 years.
Provincial Civil Service, often abbreviated to as PCS, is the administrative civil service under Group B state service of the executive branch of the Government of Uttar Pradesh. It is also the feeder service for Indian Administrative Service in the state.