Natalie Bennett

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Natalie Bennett
Natalie Bennett (2015).jpg
Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales
In office
3 September 2012 2 September 2016
Deputy Will Duckworth (2012–2014)
Amelia Womack and Shahrar Ali (2014–2016)
Preceded by Caroline Lucas
Succeeded by Jonathan Bartley and
Caroline Lucas
Personal details
Born
Natalie Louise Bennett

(1966-02-10) 10 February 1966 (age 53)
Eastwood, New South Wales, Australia
Political party Green Party of England and
Wales
Domestic partnerJim Jepps
Alma mater University of Sydney
University of New England
University of Leicester

Natalie Louise Bennett (born 10 February 1966) is a British politician and journalist who was born and raised in Australia. She led the Green Party of England and Wales from September 2012 to September 2016. [1] [2] [3]

Green Party of England and Wales Political party in England and Wales

The Green Party of England and Wales is a green, left-wing political party in England and Wales. Headquartered in London, since September 2018, its co-leaders are Siân Berry and Jonathan Bartley. The Green Party has one representative in the House of Commons, one in the House of Lords, and seven in the European Parliament. In addition, it has various councillors in UK local government and two members of the London Assembly.

Contents

She began her career as a journalist with regional newspapers in New South Wales before leaving in 1995 for Thailand, where she worked for Australian Volunteers International and the Bangkok Post newspaper over the next four years. Since settling in Britain in 1999 she has contributed to the Guardian , Independent and Times newspapers. Her election as leader of the Greens came six years after she joined the party in January 2006.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Australian Volunteers International or AVI recruits skilled professionals from Australia to work with partner organisations in Asia, the Pacific, Africa and the Middle East. Its work focuses on reducing poverty, promoting human rights and gender equality, increasing access to education and health services, and protecting the environment.

<i>Bangkok Post</i> newspaper

The Bangkok Post is a broadsheet English-language daily newspaper published in Bangkok, Thailand. The first issue was sold on 1 August 1946. It had four pages and cost 1 baht, a considerable amount at the time when a baht was a paper note. It is Thailand's second oldest newspaper.

Early life

Bennett was born on 10 February 1966 in Eastwood, a suburb of Sydney, Australia, [4] [5] the daughter of John and Joy Bennett. [6] She was born to working class teenage parents: a part-time secretary and an apprentice carpenter. Her mother was killed in a car crash in 1989. [7]

Eastwood, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Eastwood is a suburb of Sydney, Australia. Eastwood is located 17 kilometres north-west of the Sydney central business district in the local government areas of the City of Ryde and the City of Parramatta. Eastwood is in the Northern Suburbs region.

Sydney State capital of New South Wales and most populous city in Australia and Oceania

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.

Working class Social class composed of members of the society employed in lower tier jobs

The working class comprises those engaged in waged or salaried labour, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work. Working-class occupations include blue-collar jobs, some white-collar jobs, and most pink-collar jobs. Members of the working class rely for their income exclusively upon their earnings from wage labour; thus, according to the more inclusive definitions, the category can include almost all of the working population of industrialized economies, as well as those employed in the urban areas of non-industrialized economies or in the rural workforce.

Having been awarded a scholarship, she was educated at MLC School, an independent day school for girls in Burwood, New South Wales. [5] [8] She then took the degrees of Bachelor of Agricultural Science (BAgrSc Hons) at the University of Sydney, Bachelor of Arts (BA Hons) in Asian Studies at the University of New England and Master of Arts (MA) in Mass Communication from the University of Leicester, graduating from the latter in 2001. [4] [9] [10] She was the first member of her family to attend university. [7]

A scholarship is an award of financial aid for a student to further their education. Scholarships are awarded based upon various criteria, which usually reflect the values and purposes of the donor or founder of the award. Scholarship money is not required to be repaid.

MLC School girls school in Burwood, Sydney, Australia

MLC School is an independent Uniting Church single-sex early learning, primary, and secondary day school for girls, located in the inner western Sydney suburb of Burwood, New South Wales, Australia. The school enrols students from early learning, through Year K to Year 12.

An independent school is independent in its finances and governance. It is usually not dependent upon national or local government to finance its financial endowment. It is typically governed by a board of governors which is elected independently of government, and has a system of governance that ensures its independent operation.

Journalism

Bennett began her career in journalism in New South Wales, where she worked for various regional newspapers including the Northern Daily Leader in Tamworth. She left Australia in 1995, [8] and lived for four years in Thailand where she worked for Australian Volunteers International in the Office of the National Commission of Women's Affairs, before moving to the Bangkok Post newspaper, where she was chief foreign sub-editor.

<i>Northern Daily Leader</i> daily newspaper produced in the city of Tamworth, New South Wales, Australia.

The Northern Daily Leader, previously published as The Tamworth Daily Observer, The Daily Observer and The Tamworth Observer and Northern Advertiser, is a daily newspaper produced in the city of Tamworth, New South Wales, Australia. The paper publishes stories related to the Tamworth, New England and North West Slopes regions. It also publishes stories about state and national events. Its online website also publishes many of the stories featured in the newspaper. As at 9 August 2013, the current price for the daily editions is $1.30 and $1.60 for the Saturday edition.

Tamworth, New South Wales City in New South Wales, Australia

Tamworth is a city and the major regional centre in the New England region of northern New South Wales, Australia. Situated on the Peel River within the local government area of Tamworth Regional Council, about 318 km from the Queensland border, it is located almost midway between Brisbane and Sydney. According to the 2016 Census, the city had a population around 60,000.

She settled in the United Kingdom in 1999, and said in a 2013 interview for the Australian Inside Story website about the country of her birth: "I can’t imagine going there by choice." [8] In Britain, Bennett has written for The Guardian 's "Comment is Free" section since 2006. [11] Bennett was also a blogger. [12] She was deputy editor and then editor of The Guardian Weekly from December 2007 until March 2012. She has also worked for the London-based Independent and Times newspapers. [10] In 2012, she took voluntary redundancy and left journalism. [7]

<i>The Guardian</i> British national daily newspaper

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper. It was founded in 1821 as The Manchester Guardian, and changed its name in 1959. Along with its sister papers The Observer and The Guardian Weekly, the Guardian is part of the Guardian Media Group, owned by the Scott Trust. The trust was created in 1936 to "secure the financial and editorial independence of the Guardian in perpetuity and to safeguard the journalistic freedom and liberal values of the Guardian free from commercial or political interference". The trust was converted into a limited company in 2008, with a constitution written so as to maintain for The Guardian the same protections as were built into the structure of the Scott Trust by its creators. Profits are reinvested in journalism rather than distributed to owners or shareholders.

<i>The Guardian Weekly</i> International weekly newspaper

The Guardian Weekly is an internationally focused English-language news magazine based in London, UK. It is one of the world's oldest international news publications and has readers in more than 170 countries. Editorial content is drawn from its sister publications, the British daily newspaper The Guardian and Sunday newspaper The Observer, and all three are published and owned by the Guardian Media Group.

<i>The Independent</i> British online daily newspaper

The Independent is a British online newspaper. Established in 1986 as a politically independent national morning newspaper published in London. It was controlled by Tony O'Reilly's Independent News & Media from 1997 until it was sold to Russian oligarch Alexander Lebedev in 2010. The last printed edition of The Independent was published on Saturday 26 March 2016, leaving only its digital editions.

Political career

Bennett in "Take Back Our World! - Global Justice Now". Natalie Bennett Take Back Our World.jpg
Bennett in "Take Back Our World! - Global Justice Now".
Natalie Bennett campaigning in Cambridge during the general election of 2015. Natalie Bennett-IMG 4086.jpg
Natalie Bennett campaigning in Cambridge during the general election of 2015.

Natalie Bennett joined the Green Party on 1 January 2006. [8] Later the same year she stood for the Greens in the Camden Council election in the Regent's Park ward and again in the Camden Council election of 2010 in the Somers Town ward, but was not elected on either occasion. She was the internal communications coordinator on the national executive of the party from September 2007 to August 2011.

In January 2010, she was selected to stand for the Parliamentary seat of Holborn and St Pancras. [13] She came fourth with 2.7% of the vote. [10] She stood next in the London Assembly elections of 2012, as the fourth placed candidate on the London-wide list for the Green Party. [14]

Political views and standpoints

Bennett has considered herself a feminist since she was a young child, claiming that it was her "first politics". [15] She also founded the Green Party women's group and was a trustee of the Fawcett Society between 2010 and 2014. She became interested in environmental issues when she obtained a degree in Agricultural Sciences. [10] She is in favour of abolishing the monarchy. [16] In an April 2015 interview, she said that she supports the Green Party policy of an economic and cultural boycott of Israel, and also thought that Britain should cease arms sales to Saudi Arabia. [17] She has also voiced support for polygamy and polyamorous relationships. [18]

Green Party leader

On 3 September 2012, Bennett replaced Caroline Lucas as leader of the Green Party of England and Wales. [19] 3,127 ballot papers were returned in the 2012 Green Party leadership elections, a turnout of 25.1%. [1] This turnout was explained by Bennett in a BBC interview: "if you hold an election in the month of August you kind of expect that turnout won't be particularly high". [20] On election as party leader Bennett told a press conference that the policies of the Green Party were "the only viable way forward for British people, for the world". [2]

In May 2014 she was selected again to contest the Parliamentary seat of Holborn and St Pancras. [21] She was re-elected unopposed as leader of the party in September 2014.

In February 2015, an interview with Bennett regarding the funding of house-building on the talk radio station LBC was described by her as "absolutely excruciating". [22] In a halting interview on LBC in which she struggled to explain how her party would pay for 500,000 new council homes it is pledging to build. She told Nick Ferrari the policy would cost £2.7bn, prompting the presenter to ask: “Five hundred thousand homes – £2.7bn? What are they made of – plywood?”

In January 2015 Ofcom ruled to exclude the Green Party from the televised debates surrounding the 2015 election, on the grounds that the party had not demonstrated "significant past electoral support in General Elections". [23] This ruling led to an upsurge in Green Party support after Bennett called the ruling "disgraceful and indefensible" and David Cameron claimed that he was "quite happy for there to be no debates at all" if the Green Party was not included. [24] [25] This decision was later reversed, after which the Green Party's support increased again. [26] The seven-way debate ultimately took place on 2 April, with Bennett present.

Bennett came third in the election to the Labour and Conservative candidates, and in 2016, at the end of her second two-year term, did not stand for re-election as leader. [27] At the party's 2016 autumn conference in Birmingham, Caroline Lucas and Jonathan Bartley were elected as co-leaders of the party in a job-share arrangement. [28] [29] [30] [31]

2017 UK general election

On 7 October 2016, it was announced that Bennett had been selected to contest the Sheffield Central constituency for the Green Party in the 2017 UK general election. [32] Bennett's candidacy saw a drop of 7.8% in the share of Green votes as well as a drop in its position from second to third (out of eight candidates) with 3,848 votes. [33]

Personal life

Natalie Bennett is single and lives in Sheffield. [34] During her time as leader her partner was Jim Jepps, a left-wing activist who was a member of the Socialist Workers Party (SWP) for approximately a decade before leaving the party around 2003. [35] [36]

Bibliography

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References

  1. 1 2 "New Leader and Deputy Leader announcement". Green Party. 3 September 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Natalie Bennett elected new Green Party leader in England and Wales. She beat three other candidates to the position in a poll of Green Party members". BBC. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
  3. Green Party: Caroline Lucas and Jonathan Bartley elected as co-leaders.
    'They saw off competition from five others to succeed Natalie Bennett, who is stepping down after four years'.
    BBC News. Published 2 September 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  4. 1 2 "BENNETT, Natalie Louise". Who's Who 2014. A & C Black. November 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  5. 1 2 Langley, William (1 March 2015). "Natalie Bennett - a little green around the gills". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  6. "Bennett, Natalie Louise", Who's Who 2014, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2014; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, Nov 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2015 (subscription required).
  7. 1 2 3 Totaro, Paola (30 April 2015). "Natalie Bennett: From 'Jillaroo' to Green Party leader". BBC News. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  8. 1 2 3 4 Ferraro, Carmela. "Force of nature". Inside Story. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
  9. "Leicester's greenest girl". .le.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
  10. 1 2 3 4 Rath, Kayte. "Profile: Green Party leader Natalie Bennett". BBC News. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  11. "Natalie Bennett Profile". The Guardian web site. London: Guardian News and Media Limited. 2 June 2008. Retrieved 21 December 2009.
  12. Evans, Kate (17 April 2006). "How to Run a Carnival of Feminists: Natalie Bennett". Life Matters. ABC Radio National. Retrieved 21 December 2009. (web note of a broadcast interview)
  13. "Green Party name Natalie Bennett as Holborn and St Pancras election candidate". Camden New Journal . 22 April 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  14. "Green Party leader Natalie Bennett turns fire on Labour". BBC News. 7 September 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  15. Graham, Sarah (10 March 2014). "Natalie Bennett: Feminism is". Feministtimes.com. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
  16. "Natalie Bennett and the Green manifesto: zero growth, free condoms, no monarchy". The Week . 12 March 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  17. Rashdy, Sandy (17 April 2015). "Green leader Natalie Bennett backs cultural boycott of Israel". The Jewish Chronicle . London. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  18. Duffy, Nick (1 May 2015). "Green Party wants every teacher to be trained to teach LGBTIQA+ issues". Pink News. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
  19. "A new leader will not push the Green Party off the political fringe". The Economist. 8 September 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  20. "Natalie Bennett elected as Green Party leader". BBC News (Daily Politics video). BBC. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  21. "Natalie Bennett selected to contest Holborn and St Pancras at 2015 General Election". Green Party. 4 May 2014. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  22. "Natalie Bennett admits LBC Radio interview was 'absolutely excruciating'". The Independent. 24 February 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  23. Ofcom
  24. "Cameron won't join election TV debates if Greens not included after Ofcom ruling — RT UK". Rt.com. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  25. "Natalie Bennett: Leader's debates will not be a fair representation of politics if Greens are excluded". Green Party. 13 October 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  26. "Leaders' Debates announced - Green Party statement". Green Party. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  27. Williams, Joe (8 May 2015). "Green Party leader Natalie Bennett loses election bid, comes third". PinkNews. London. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  28. 'Natalie Bennett to step down as Green Party leader'.
    BBC NEWS. Published 16 May 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  29. 'Green party leader Natalie Bennett to quit at end of August'.
    The Independent. Published 15 May 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  30. 'Natalie Bennett to step down as Green party leader'.
    The Guardian [online]. Published 15 May 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  31. "Green Party: Caroline Lucas and Jonathan Bartley elected as co-leaders". BBC News. 2 September 2016.
  32. News, B. B. C. "Greens' Natalie Bennett to contest Sheffield Central seat". BBC News. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  33. BBC Election 2017 - Sheffield Central. Published 9 June 2017. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  34. "Natalie Bennett@ Why I am determined to turn Sheffield Green". The Yorkshire Post. 14 December 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  35. Lamden, Tim (2 April 2015). "Green Party leader Natalie Bennett: That car crash interview will keep following me". Ham&High. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  36. Jepps, Jim. "Five things I learned when leaving the SWP". The nice badge man. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  37. "Thailand Country Study Towards a Best Practice Guide on Sustainable Action Against Child Labour". International Labour Organisation. January 1998. Retrieved 12 April 2013. (Copy of the paper on Bennett's web site)
  38. "Women's Health and Development: Country Profile, Thailand:Authors". Women's Health and Development. World Health Organization. Retrieved 12 April 2013. (Copy of the paper on Bennett's web site)
Media offices
Preceded by
Patrick Ensor
Editor of The Guardian Weekly
2007–2012
Succeeded by
Abby Deveney
Party political offices
Preceded by
Caroline Lucas
Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales
2012–2016
Succeeded by
Jonathan Bartley
Caroline Lucas