|Founded||3 July 2000|
since 14 May 2021
since 14 May 2021
|Additional Member System|
|6 May 2021|
| City Hall (to 31 December 2021)|
The Crystal (from 1 January 2022)
| Londonportal |
The London Assembly is a 25-member elected body, part of the Greater London Authority, that scrutinises the activities of the Mayor of London and has the power, with a two-thirds super-majority, to amend the Mayor's annual budget and to reject the Mayor's draft statutory strategies.The London Assembly was established in 2000 and meets at City Hall on the south bank of the River Thames, close to Tower Bridge. The Assembly is also able to investigate other issues of importance to Londoners (most notably transport or environmental matters), publish its findings and recommendations, as well as make proposals to the Mayor.
The Assembly comprises 25 Assembly Members elected using the additional member system of proportional representation, with 13 seats needed for a majority. Elections take place every four years – at the same time as for the Mayor. There are 14 geographical super-constituencies each electing one Member, with a further 11 members elected from a party list to make the total Assembly Members from each party proportional to the votes cast for that party across the whole of London using a modified D'Hondt allocation.A party must win at least 5% of the party list vote in order to win any seats. Members of the London Assembly have the post-nominal title 'AM'. The annual salary for a London Assembly Member is approximately £59,000.
Since its creation in 2000, fifteen Assembly Members have subsequently been elected to the House of Commons: David Lammy, Meg Hillier, Diana Johnson and Florence Eshalomi for Labour; Andrew Pelling, Bob Neill, Angie Bray, Bob Blackman, Eric Ollerenshaw, Victoria Borwick, James Cleverly, Kit Malthouse, Kemi Badenoch and Gareth Bacon for the Conservatives; and Lynne Featherstone for the Liberal Democrats. One Assembly Member, Jenny Jones, was appointed to the House of Lords as the first life peer for the Green Party, and simultaneously sat in the Assembly until May 2016. Sally Hamwee, Graham Tope and Toby Harris were life peers elected to the Assembly, while Lynne Featherstone and Dee Doocey were appointed peers after leaving the Assembly. In addition, Val Shawcross, Assembly Member for Lambeth and Southwark was selected, but unsuccessful, as the Labour parliamentary candidate for the constituency of Bermondsey and Old Southwark at the 2010 general election, as was Navin Shah who stood for Labour in Harrow East in 2017. Andrew Dismore, Graham Tope, and the late Richard Tracey are all former MPs who were later elected to the Assembly. One Assembly Member – John Biggs, former AM for City and East – became the directly elected Mayor of Tower Hamlets in 2015. He is currently serving as the Mayor, having been re-elected in 2018.
London Assembly elections have been held under the additional member system, with a set number of constituencies elected on a first-past-the-post system and a set number London-wide on a closed party list system. Terms are for four years, so despite the delayed 2020 election, which will be held in 2021, the following election will be in 2024.
In December 2016, an Electoral Reform Bill was introduced which would have changed the election system to first-past-the-post.At the 2017 general election, the Conservative Party manifesto proposed changing how the Assembly is elected to first-past-the-post.
However, since the general election of 2017, which resulted in a hung Parliament with the Conservatives and the Democratic Unionist Party in a confidence and supply arrangement, no action has been taken with regard to the electoral arrangements of the London Assembly, and the 2020 election, delayed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, was held on the current electoral system of AMS (constituencies and regional list)
|Political party||Assembly members|
11 / 25
9 / 25
3 / 25
2 / 25
0 / 25
On 12 December 2018, following Peter Whittle's departure from UKIP, he and David Kurten disbanded the UKIP grouping and formed the Brexit Alliance group.
In March 2019, following the departure of Tom Copley and Fiona Twycross to take up full-time Deputy Mayor roles, Murad Qureshi and Alison Moore replaced them as Labour Assembly Members. The end of the term in office for AMs was extended from May 2020 to May 2021, as no elections were being held during the COVID-19 pandemic.
|Barnet and Camden||Anne Clarke||Labour Co-op|
|Bexley and Bromley||Peter Fortune||Conservative|
|Brent and Harrow||Krupesh Hirani||Labour|
|City and East||Unmesh Desai||Labour|
|Croydon and Sutton||Neil Garratt||Conservative|
|Ealing and Hillingdon||Onkar Sahota||Labour|
|Enfield and Haringey||Joanne McCartney||Labour Co-op|
|Greenwich and Lewisham||Len Duvall||Labour Co-op|
|Havering and Redbridge||Keith Prince||Conservative|
|Lambeth and Southwark||Marina Ahmad||Labour|
|Merton and Wandsworth||Leonie Cooper||Labour Co-op|
|North East||Sem Moema||Labour|
|South West||Nicholas Rogers||Conservative|
|West Central||Tony Devenish||Conservative|
|Caroline Pidgeon||Liberal Democrats|
|Hina Bokhari||Liberal Democrats|
|Name||Entered office||Left office||Political party|
|Trevor Phillips||May 2000||May 2001||Labour|
|Sally Hamwee||May 2001||May 2002||Liberal Democrats|
|Trevor Phillips||May 2002||February 2003||Labour|
|Sally Hamwee||February 2003||May 2004||Liberal Democrats|
|Brian Coleman||May 2004||May 2005||Conservative|
|Sally Hamwee||May 2005||May 2006||Liberal Democrats|
|Brian Coleman||May 2006||May 2007||Conservative|
|Sally Hamwee||May 2007||May 2008||Liberal Democrats|
|Jennette Arnold||May 2008||May 2009||Labour|
|Darren Johnson||May 2009||May 2010||Green|
|Dee Doocey||May 2010||May 2011||Liberal Democrats|
|Jennette Arnold||May 2011||May 2013||Labour|
|Darren Johnson||May 2013||May 2014||Green|
|Roger Evans||May 2014||May 2015||Conservative|
|Jennette Arnold||May 2015||May 2016||Labour|
|Tony Arbour||May 2016||May 2017||Conservative|
|Jennette Arnold||May 2017||May 2018||Labour|
|Tony Arbour||May 2018||May 2019||Conservative|
|Jennette Arnold||May 2019||May 2020||Labour|
|Navin Shah||May 2020||May 2021||Labour|
|Andrew Boff||May 2021||Incumbent||Conservative|
The Assembly has formed the following committees:
The Police and Crime Committee was set up under the terms of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 in order to scrutinise the work of Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime, which replaced the Metropolitan Police Authority.
Note that these maps only show constituency results and not list results.
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Jennifer Helen Jones, Baroness Jones of Moulsecoomb, FSA is a British eurosceptic politician who served as Deputy Mayor of London from 2003 to 2004. A member of the Green Party of England and Wales, she was until September 2019 the sole Green Party member in the House of Lords.
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The 2012 London mayoral election was an election held on Thursday 3 May 2012, to elect the Mayor of London. It was held on the same day as the London Assembly election, and used a supplementary vote system.
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The London Assembly election of 2012 was an election of members to the London Assembly which took place on Thursday, 3 May 2012, the same day as the 2012 London mayoral election, and the 2012 United Kingdom local elections. Although Conservative candidate Boris Johnson won the Mayoral election, the Assembly election produced the Labour Party's best result since the inception of the London Assembly; this was subsequently surpassed by the party's performance in the 2016 election.
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The 2016 London Assembly election was an election held on 5 May 2016 to elect the members of the London Assembly. It took place on the same day as the London mayoral election and the United Kingdom local elections. Four parties had AMs in the previous Assembly: London Labour led by Len Duvall, London Conservatives led by Gareth Bacon, London Greens led by Siân Berry, and the London Liberal Democrats led by Caroline Pidgeon.
Caroline Yvonne Jones is a Welsh politician who was a Member of the Senedd (MS) for South Wales West from 2016 to 2021.
David Michael Kurten is a British politician who was a member of the London Assembly from 2016 to 2021. Elected as a UK Independence Party (UKIP) candidate, he subsequently left the party in January 2020. He is the registered leader of the Heritage Party and characterises himself as a social conservative.
The 2021 London Assembly election was held on 6 May 2021 to elect the members of the London Assembly, alongside the 2021 London mayoral election. The mayoral and Assembly elections were originally to be held on 7 May 2020, but on 13 March 2020 it was announced the election would be postponed until 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It was the sixth election since the assembly was established in 2000. Due to the previous term being extended to 5 years, those elected will serve only a three-year term until the next election in 2024. The election was held on the same day in 2021 as other elections in the UK; the UK local elections, Scottish Parliament election, and Welsh Senedd election.