London Plan

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The London Plan
London Plan Cover 2017.jpg
Cover of the current London Plan
Author Mayor of London
Cover artistPhotograph by Richard Linton
CountryEngland and United Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
SubjectStatutory planning document of Greater London
Publisher Greater London Authority
Publication date
March 2016
Media typeOnline
Pages430

The London Plan is the statutory spatial development strategy for the Greater London area in the United Kingdom that is written by the Mayor of London and published by the Greater London Authority. [1]

Contents

The regional planning document was first published in final form on 10 February 2004. In addition to minor alterations, it was substantially revised and republished in February 2008 [2] and again in July 2011. [3] [4] In October 2013, minor alterations were made to the plan to comply with the National Planning Policy Framework and other changes in national policy. [5]

The last London Plan of March 2016 was published, and amended, in January 2017. [6] The current plan has a formal end-date of 2036.

As of March 2021, a new London Plan was adopted by the Greater London Authority.

Mandate

The plan replaced the previous strategic planning guidance for London issued by the Secretary of State and known as RPG3 . It is a requirement of the Greater London Authority Act 1999 that the document is produced and that it deals only with matters that are of strategic importance to Greater London. The Act also requires that the London Plan includes in its scope:

Objectives

The plan is a spatial development strategy for the Greater London area and has six objectives. The current objectives, as adopted by the 2011 and 2016 revisions, are to ensure that London is:

  1. a city that meets the challenges of economic and population growth
  2. an internationally competitive and successful city
  3. a city of diverse, strong, secure and accessible neighbourhoods
  4. a city that delights the senses
  5. a city that becomes a world leader in improving the environment
  6. a city where it is easy, safe and convenient for everyone to access jobs, opportunities and facilities
London Plan, 2011 and 2016

The objectives were previously updated in 2008 following the Greater London Authority Act 2007:

  1. To accommodate London's growth within its boundaries without encroaching on open spaces
  2. To make London a healthier and better city for people to live in
  3. To make London a more prosperous city with strong and diverse long term economic growth
  4. To promote social inclusion and tackle deprivation and discrimination
  5. To improve London's accessibility
  6. To make London an exemplary world city in mitigating and adapting to climate change and a more attractive, well-designed and green city
London Plan, 2008

The original 2004 objectives were:

  1. To accommodate London's growth within its boundaries without encroaching on open spaces
  2. To make London a better city for people to live in
  3. To make London a more prosperous city with strong and diverse economic growth
  4. To promote social inclusion and tackle deprivation and discrimination
  5. To improve London's accessibility
  6. To make London a more attractive, well-designed and green city
London Plan, 2004

Policies

The geographical scope of the plan is the London region EnglandLondon.png
The geographical scope of the plan is the London region

The 2016 plan had chapters:

ChapterTitleSummary
1Context and strategy Demography, external forces, quality of life
2Places Sub-regions, Outer London, Inner London, Central Activities Zone, opportunity areas, intensification areas, town centres
3PeopleHealth, housing, social infrastructure
4EconomyEconomic sectors and workspaces
5Response to climate change Climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, waste, contaminated land
6TransportIntegrating transport and development, connectivity
7Living spaces and placesPlace shaping, environment and landscapes, air and noise pollution, emergency planning, Blue Ribbon Network
8Implementation, monitoring, and review
AnnexesOne to six

Opportunity areas

The plan identifies dozens of areas of opportunity, which are where the bulk of efforts will be concentrated, with an aim at reducing social deprivation and creating sustainable development. The opportunity areas will be able to accommodate around 5,000 jobs each or about 2,500 homes, or a mixture of the two. The opportunity areas will mostly be town centres as opposed to suburban developments in the boroughs, although those are mentioned as important in terms of job growth and quality of life. By definition, an Opportunity Area is brownfield land with significant capacity for development. This contrasts with an Intensification Area that can be developed to higher than existing densities with more modest economic change. [7]

Sub-regions

Development must not encroach on green spaces London Landsat.jpg
Development must not encroach on green spaces

For the purposes of the plan, London is divided into five sub-regions. From 2004 to 2008 the sub-regions were initially the same as the Learning and Skills Council areas established in 1999. [8] Within this scheme there was a separate Central sub-region and four others around it. The London part of the Thames Gateway zone was entirely contained within the East London sub-region. The 2004–08 sub-regions each had a Sub-Regional Development Framework. [9]

The sub-regions were revised in February 2008 as part of the Further Alterations to the London Plan. These sub-regions each radiated from the centre to combine inner and outer London boroughs. [10] The 2008–11 sub-regions, each had its own Sub Regional Implementation Framework. [11]

In 2011 the sub-regions were revised again. A smaller Central sub-region was reintroduced, the South sub-region was reintroduced, and all boroughs in the Thames Gateway were returned to the East sub-region. [12] The 2011 sub-regions are maintained in the 2016 London Plan. [13]

Throughout these revisions has been a separately defined Central Activities Zone which includes areas with a very high concentration of metropolitan activities.

Activity centres

Sutton, a metropolitan centre 1 Crossroads Sutton Surrey London.JPG
Sutton, a metropolitan centre

The London Plan identifies 200 activity centres in the city. All activity centres are categorised into:

Over 1,200 smaller neighbourhood and local centres are also identified in the plan.

International centres (2) West End, Knightsbridge
Metropolitan centres (13) Bromley, Croydon, Ealing, Harrow, Hounslow, Ilford, Kingston, Romford, Shepherds Bush, Stratford, Sutton, Uxbridge, Wood Green
Major centres (34) Angel, Barking, Bexleyheath, Brixton, Camden Town, Canary Wharf, Catford, Chiswick, Clapham Junction, Dalston, East Ham, Edgware, Eltham, Enfield Town, Fulham, Hammersmith, Kensington High Street, Kilburn, King's Road East, Lewisham, Holloway Nag's Head, Orpington, Peckham, Putney, Queensway/Westbourne Grove, Richmond, Southall, Streatham, Tooting, Walthamstow, Wembley, Wandsworth, Wimbledon, Woolwich
District centres (151)
Acton,

Addiscombe, Angel Edmonton, Archway, Bakers Arms, Balham, Beckenham, Bethnal Green, Blackheath, Brick Lane, Brent Street, Brentford, Burnt Oak, Camberwell, Canada Water, Canning Town, Carshalton Village, Chadwell Heath, Cheam Village, Chipping Barnet, Chrisp Street, Church End, Finchley, Church Street/Edgware Road, Clapham High Street, Colindale/The Hyde, Collier Row, Coulsdon, Crayford, Cricklewood, Crouch End, Crystal Palace, Dagenham/Heathway, Deptford, Downham, Dulwich – Lordship Lane, Ealing Road, Earls Court Road, Earlsfield, East Beckton, East Finchley, East Sheen, Eastcote, Edmonton Green, Elephant and Castle, Elm Park, Erith, Feltham High Street, Finsbury Park, Forest Gate, Forest Hill, Fulham Road (east), Fulham Road (west), Gants Hill, Golders Green, Green Lanes, Greenford, Greenwich West, Hampstead, Hanwell, Harlesden, Harold Hill, Harrow Road, Hayes, Hendon Central, Highams Park, Hornchurch, Ickenham, Kentish Town, Kenton, King's Road (west), Kingsbury, Lavender Hill/Queenstown Road, Lee Green, Leyton, Leytonstone, Mare Street, Mill Hill, Mitcham, Morden, Muswell Hill, Neasden, New Barnet, New Cross, New Malden, Norbury, North Cheam, North Chingford, North Finchley, North Harrow, Northwood Hills, Notting Hill Gate, Palmers Green, Penge, Petts Wood, Pinner, Plumstead, Poplar, Portobello Road, Praed Street/Paddington, Preston Road, Purley, Rainham, Rayners Lane, Roman Road (east), Rosehill, Ruislip, Shepherds Bush, Sidcup, South Chingford, South Bermondsey/Old Kent Road, South Harrow, South Kensington, South Norwood, South Woodford, Southgate, St John's Wood, Stanmore, Stockwell, Stoke Newington, Surbiton, Swiss Cottage/Finchley Road, Sydenham, Teddington, Temple Fortune, Thamesmead, Thornton Heath, Tolworth, Tottenham, Twickenham, Upminster, Upper Norwood, Upton Park, Wallington, Walworth Road, Wanstead, Watney Market, Wealdstone, Welling, Wembley Park, West Green Road/Seven Sisters, West Hampstead, West Norwood/Tulse Hill, West Wickham, Whetstone, Whitechapel, Whitton, Willesden Green, Wood Street, Worcester Park,

Yiewsley/West Drayton
Neighbourhood and local centres (1,200)

Alterations

There have been a number of amendments to the London Plan which have been incorporated into the current version that was published in February 2008. Early alterations were made covering housing provision targets, waste and minerals. Further alterations to the plan covered climate change; London as a world city; The London Economy; Housing; Tackling social exclusion; Transport; London's geography, the sub-regions and inter-regions; Outer London; Liveability (including safety, security and open spaces); and the 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. The mayor gained new statutory powers following the Greater London Authority Act 2007.

Following the 2008 change of mayor, a new review was initiated in July 2008 and a new London Plan published in July 2011. As of this date, modifications are made to fully comply with the National Planning Policy Framework.

In 2013, London Mayor Boris Johnson proposed early minor alterations to the London Plan that were aimed at preventing boroughs from setting rent caps or targets for affordable rented homes in their local development frameworks. [14] The alterations were approved in a vote by the London Assembly in September 2013. [15]

Alterations made since July 2011 were consolidated in the London Plan of March 2016, which was published and amended in January 2017. [6]

Following the 2016 change of mayor, London Mayor Sadiq Khan has outlined proposals towards creating a new London Plan. [16] The new plan is expected to be released in 2019. [17]

DateDocument
February 2004 The London Plan
October 2005Draft Alterations to the London Plan: Housing Provision Targets Waste and Minerals
December 2005Reviewing the London Plan: Statement of Intent from the Mayor
September 2006Draft Further Alterations to the London Plan
December 2006Early Alterations to the London Plan on Housing provision targets, waste and minerals
February 2008 The London Plan: Consolidated with Alterations since 2004
July 2008Planning for a better London
April 2009A new plan for London: Proposals for the Mayor's London Plan
October 2009The London Plan: Consultation draft replacement plan
December 2009Minor alteration to the consultation draft replacement London Plan
April 2010Crossrail Alterations
July 2011 The London Plan
February 2012Early Minor Alterations to the London Plan
October 2013Revised Early Minor Alterations to the London Plan
March 2015Further Alterations to the London Plan
March 2016 The London Plan: Consolidated with Alterations since 2011

Related Research Articles

Mayor of London Head of the government of Greater London

The mayor of London is the head of the executive of the Greater London Authority. The role was created in 2000 after the London devolution referendum in 1998, and was the first directly elected mayor in the United Kingdom.

Greater London Authority UK regional authority for Greater London, England, UK

The Greater London Authority (GLA), known colloquially as City Hall, is the devolved regional governance body of London, with jurisdiction over both the City of London and the ceremonial county of Greater London. It consists of two political branches: the executive Mayoralty and the 25-member London Assembly, which serves as a means of checks and balances on the former. Since May 2016, both branches have been under the control of the London Labour Party. The authority was established in 2000, following a local referendum, and derives most of its powers from the Greater London Authority Act 1999 and the Greater London Authority Act 2007.

London boroughs Administrative subdivisions of London

The London boroughs are the 32 local authority districts that make up the ceremonial county of Greater London; each is governed by a London borough council. The present London boroughs were all created at the same time as Greater London on 1 April 1965 by the London Government Act 1963 and are a type of local government district. Twelve were designated as Inner London boroughs and twenty as Outer London boroughs. The City of London, the historic centre, is a separate ceremonial county and sui generis local government district that functions quite differently from a London borough. However, the two counties together comprise the region of Greater London, all of which is also governed by the Greater London Authority.

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Upminster Town in Havering, Greater London, England

Upminster is a suburban town in East London, England, and part of the London Borough of Havering. Located 16.5 miles (26.6 km) east-northeast of Charing Cross, it is one of the locally important district centres identified in the London Plan, and comprises a number of shopping streets and a large residential area. Historically a rural village, it formed an ancient parish in the county of Essex. The town has good transport links; it was first connected to central London by rail in 1885 and has a terminal station on the London Underground network. The economic history of Upminster is characterised by a shift from farming to garden suburb. As part of the suburban growth of London in the 20th century, Upminster significantly expanded and increased in population, becoming part of Hornchurch Urban District in 1934, and has formed part of Greater London since 1965. It is the only section of Greater London to extend more than 200 meters beyond the M25 motorway.

London Borough of Barking and Dagenham Borough in United Kingdom

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South London Place in England

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Central London Innermost part of London, England

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References

  1. Mayor of London (February 2008). "The London Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010.
  2. Sarah Stevens and Ian Fergusson (2008). "The New Consolidated London Plan". Turley Associates.[ permanent dead link ]
  3. Mayor of London (April 2009). "A new plan for London: Proposals for the Mayor's London Plan" (PDF). Greater London Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 October 2011.
  4. Mayor of London. "About the consultation: What happens next?". Greater London Authority. Archived from the original on 17 October 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2009.
  5. Mayor of London (October 2013). "REMA". London Assembly. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  6. 1 2 Mayor of London (January 2017). "The current London Plan". London Assembly. Retrieved 22 April 2017. PDF
  7. "What are Opportunity Areas?". London Plan. Greater London Authority. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  8. Addison & Associates (June 2006). "Review of London's Sub Regional Boundaries" (PDF). Greater London Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 June 2011.
  9. Mayor of London (May 2006). "Sub Regional Development Frameworks". Greater London Authority. Archived from the original on 9 November 2008.
  10. Mayor of London (February 2008). "The London Plan: Sub-regions, CAZ and government growth area policies". Greater London Authority. Archived from the original on 13 July 2009.
  11. Mayor of London (September 2006). "Draft Further Alterations to the London Plan" (PDF). Greater London Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 June 2011.
  12. Mayor of London (March 2016). "London Plan 2016, Chapter 2" (PDF). London Assembly. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  13. Mayor of London (March 2016). "London Plan 2016, Chapter 2". London Assembly. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  14. Labour group fails in bid to block London Plan revisions. Planning Resource (4 September 2013). Retrieved on 6 December 2013.
  15. Mayor could face legal challenge to London Plan alterations. Out-law.com. Retrieved on 6 December 2013.
  16. Mayor outlines plans to create ‘A City for all Londoners’. london.gov.uk. Retrieved on 1 May 2017.
  17. London Plan to be published in 2019 [ permanent dead link ]. insidehousing.co.uk. Retrieved on 1 May 2017.