|Author||Mayor of London|
|Cover artist||Photograph by Richard Linton|
|Country||England and United Kingdom|
|Subject||Statutory planning document of Greater London|
|Publisher||Greater London Authority|
| Londonportal |
The London Plan is the statutory spatial development strategy for the Greater London area in the United Kingdom that is written by the Mayor of London and published by the Greater London Authority.
The regional planning document was first published in final form on 10 February 2004. In addition to minor alterations, it was substantially revised and republished in February 2008and again in July 2011. In October 2013, minor alterations were made to the plan to comply with the National Planning Policy Framework and other changes in national policy.
The last London Plan of March 2016 was published, and amended, in January 2017.The current plan has a formal end-date of 2036.
As of March 2021, a new London Plan was adopted by the Greater London Authority.
The plan replaced the previous strategic planning guidance for London issued by the Secretary of State and known as RPG3 . It is a requirement of the Greater London Authority Act 1999 that the document is produced and that it deals only with matters that are of strategic importance to Greater London. The Act also requires that the London Plan includes in its scope:
The plan is a spatial development strategy for the Greater London area and has six objectives. The current objectives, as adopted by the 2011 and 2016 revisions, are to ensure that London is:
- a city that meets the challenges of economic and population growth
- an internationally competitive and successful city
- a city of diverse, strong, secure and accessible neighbourhoods
- a city that delights the senses
- a city that becomes a world leader in improving the environment
- a city where it is easy, safe and convenient for everyone to access jobs, opportunities and facilities— London Plan, 2011 and 2016
The objectives were previously updated in 2008 following the Greater London Authority Act 2007:
- To accommodate London's growth within its boundaries without encroaching on open spaces
- To make London a healthier and better city for people to live in
- To make London a more prosperous city with strong and diverse long term economic growth
- To promote social inclusion and tackle deprivation and discrimination
- To improve London's accessibility
- To make London an exemplary world city in mitigating and adapting to climate change and a more attractive, well-designed and green city— London Plan, 2008
The original 2004 objectives were:
- To accommodate London's growth within its boundaries without encroaching on open spaces
- To make London a better city for people to live in
- To make London a more prosperous city with strong and diverse economic growth
- To promote social inclusion and tackle deprivation and discrimination
- To improve London's accessibility
- To make London a more attractive, well-designed and green city— London Plan, 2004
The 2016 plan had chapters:
|1||Context and strategy||Demography, external forces, quality of life|
|2||Places||Sub-regions, Outer London, Inner London, Central Activities Zone, opportunity areas, intensification areas, town centres|
|3||People||Health, housing, social infrastructure|
|4||Economy||Economic sectors and workspaces|
|5||Response to climate change||Climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, waste, contaminated land|
|6||Transport||Integrating transport and development, connectivity|
|7||Living spaces and places||Place shaping, environment and landscapes, air and noise pollution, emergency planning, Blue Ribbon Network|
|8||Implementation, monitoring, and review|
|Annexes||One to six|
The plan identifies dozens of areas of opportunity, which are where the bulk of efforts will be concentrated, with an aim at reducing social deprivation and creating sustainable development. The opportunity areas will be able to accommodate around 5,000 jobs each or about 2,500 homes, or a mixture of the two. The opportunity areas will mostly be town centres as opposed to suburban developments in the boroughs, although those are mentioned as important in terms of job growth and quality of life. By definition, an Opportunity Area is brownfield land with significant capacity for development. This contrasts with an Intensification Area that can be developed to higher than existing densities with more modest economic change.
For the purposes of the plan, London is divided into five sub-regions. From 2004 to 2008 the sub-regions were initially the same as the Learning and Skills Council areas established in 1999.Within this scheme there was a separate Central sub-region and four others around it. The London part of the Thames Gateway zone was entirely contained within the East London sub-region. The 2004–08 sub-regions each had a Sub-Regional Development Framework.
The sub-regions were revised in February 2008 as part of the Further Alterations to the London Plan. These sub-regions each radiated from the centre to combine inner and outer London boroughs.The 2008–11 sub-regions, each had its own Sub Regional Implementation Framework.
In 2011 the sub-regions were revised again. A smaller Central sub-region was reintroduced, the South sub-region was reintroduced, and all boroughs in the Thames Gateway were returned to the East sub-region.The 2011 sub-regions are maintained in the 2016 London Plan.
Throughout these revisions has been a separately defined Central Activities Zone which includes areas with a very high concentration of metropolitan activities.
The London Plan identifies 200 activity centres in the city. All activity centres are categorised into:
Over 1,200 smaller neighbourhood and local centres are also identified in the plan.
|International centres (2)||West End, Knightsbridge|
|Metropolitan centres (13)||Bromley, Croydon, Ealing, Harrow, Hounslow, Ilford, Kingston, Romford, Shepherds Bush, Stratford, Sutton, Uxbridge, Wood Green|
|Major centres (34)||Angel, Barking, Bexleyheath, Brixton, Camden Town, Canary Wharf, Catford, Chiswick, Clapham Junction, Dalston, East Ham, Edgware, Eltham, Enfield Town, Fulham, Hammersmith, Kensington High Street, Kilburn, King's Road East, Lewisham, Holloway Nag's Head, Orpington, Peckham, Putney, Queensway/Westbourne Grove, Richmond, Southall, Streatham, Tooting, Walthamstow, Wembley, Wandsworth, Wimbledon, Woolwich|
|District centres (151)|
Addiscombe, Angel Edmonton, Archway, Bakers Arms, Balham, Beckenham, Bethnal Green, Blackheath, Brick Lane, Brent Street, Brentford, Burnt Oak, Camberwell, Canada Water, Canning Town, Carshalton Village, Chadwell Heath, Cheam Village, Chipping Barnet, Chrisp Street, Church End, Finchley, Church Street/Edgware Road, Clapham High Street, Colindale/The Hyde, Collier Row, Coulsdon, Crayford, Cricklewood, Crouch End, Crystal Palace, Dagenham/Heathway, Deptford, Downham, Dulwich – Lordship Lane, Ealing Road, Earls Court Road, Earlsfield, East Beckton, East Finchley, East Sheen, Eastcote, Edmonton Green, Elephant and Castle, Elm Park, Erith, Feltham High Street, Finsbury Park, Forest Gate, Forest Hill, Fulham Road (east), Fulham Road (west), Gants Hill, Golders Green, Green Lanes, Greenford, Greenwich West, Hampstead, Hanwell, Harlesden, Harold Hill, Harrow Road, Hayes, Hendon Central, Highams Park, Hornchurch, Ickenham, Kentish Town, Kenton, King's Road (west), Kingsbury, Lavender Hill/Queenstown Road, Lee Green, Leyton, Leytonstone, Mare Street, Mill Hill, Mitcham, Morden, Muswell Hill, Neasden, New Barnet, New Cross, New Malden, Norbury, North Cheam, North Chingford, North Finchley, North Harrow, Northwood Hills, Notting Hill Gate, Palmers Green, Penge, Petts Wood, Pinner, Plumstead, Poplar, Portobello Road, Praed Street/Paddington, Preston Road, Purley, Rainham, Rayners Lane, Roman Road (east), Rosehill, Ruislip, Shepherds Bush, Sidcup, South Chingford, South Bermondsey/Old Kent Road, South Harrow, South Kensington, South Norwood, South Woodford, Southgate, St John's Wood, Stanmore, Stockwell, Stoke Newington, Surbiton, Swiss Cottage/Finchley Road, Sydenham, Teddington, Temple Fortune, Thamesmead, Thornton Heath, Tolworth, Tottenham, Twickenham, Upminster, Upper Norwood, Upton Park, Wallington, Walworth Road, Wanstead, Watney Market, Wealdstone, Welling, Wembley Park, West Green Road/Seven Sisters, West Hampstead, West Norwood/Tulse Hill, West Wickham, Whetstone, Whitechapel, Whitton, Willesden Green, Wood Street, Worcester Park,Yiewsley/West Drayton
|Neighbourhood and local centres (1,200)|
There have been a number of amendments to the London Plan which have been incorporated into the current version that was published in February 2008. Early alterations were made covering housing provision targets, waste and minerals. Further alterations to the plan covered climate change; London as a world city; The London Economy; Housing; Tackling social exclusion; Transport; London's geography, the sub-regions and inter-regions; Outer London; Liveability (including safety, security and open spaces); and the 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. The mayor gained new statutory powers following the Greater London Authority Act 2007.
Following the 2008 change of mayor, a new review was initiated in July 2008 and a new London Plan published in July 2011. As of this date, modifications are made to fully comply with the National Planning Policy Framework.
In 2013, London Mayor Boris Johnson proposed early minor alterations to the London Plan that were aimed at preventing boroughs from setting rent caps or targets for affordable rented homes in their local development frameworks.The alterations were approved in a vote by the London Assembly in September 2013.
Alterations made since July 2011 were consolidated in the London Plan of March 2016, which was published and amended in January 2017.
Following the 2016 change of mayor, London Mayor Sadiq Khan has outlined proposals towards creating a new London Plan.The new plan is expected to be released in 2019.
|February 2004||The London Plan|
|October 2005||Draft Alterations to the London Plan: Housing Provision Targets Waste and Minerals|
|December 2005||Reviewing the London Plan: Statement of Intent from the Mayor|
|September 2006||Draft Further Alterations to the London Plan|
|December 2006||Early Alterations to the London Plan on Housing provision targets, waste and minerals|
|February 2008||The London Plan: Consolidated with Alterations since 2004|
|July 2008||Planning for a better London|
|April 2009||A new plan for London: Proposals for the Mayor's London Plan|
|October 2009||The London Plan: Consultation draft replacement plan|
|December 2009||Minor alteration to the consultation draft replacement London Plan|
|April 2010||Crossrail Alterations|
|July 2011||The London Plan|
|February 2012||Early Minor Alterations to the London Plan|
|October 2013||Revised Early Minor Alterations to the London Plan|
|March 2015||Further Alterations to the London Plan|
|March 2016||The London Plan: Consolidated with Alterations since 2011|
The mayor of London is the head of the executive of the Greater London Authority. The role was created in 2000 after the London devolution referendum in 1998, and was the first directly elected mayor in the United Kingdom.
The Greater London Authority (GLA), known colloquially as City Hall, is the devolved regional governance body of London, with jurisdiction over both the City of London and the ceremonial county of Greater London. It consists of two political branches: the executive Mayoralty and the 25-member London Assembly, which serves as a means of checks and balances on the former. Since May 2016, both branches have been under the control of the London Labour Party. The authority was established in 2000, following a local referendum, and derives most of its powers from the Greater London Authority Act 1999 and the Greater London Authority Act 2007.
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