Elmers End

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Elmers End
Elmers End Green, Beckenham - geograph.org.uk - 35293.jpg
Elmers End Green
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
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Elmers End
Location within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ355685
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BECKENHAM
Postcode district BR3
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°23′50″N0°03′09″W / 51.3971°N 0.0525°W / 51.3971; -0.0525 Coordinates: 51°23′50″N0°03′09″W / 51.3971°N 0.0525°W / 51.3971; -0.0525

Elmers End is an area of south-east London, England, within the London Borough of Bromley, Greater London and formerly part of the historic county of Kent. It is located south of Beckenham, west of Eden Park, north of Monks Orchard and east of Anerley.

Contents

History

The name Elmers End was probably from the Aylmer family marking the Southern 'end' of the land, local landowners in the 13th century, [1] although the Aylmer family's clan rarely left the Great North Wood area, which took up most of Norwood and Crystal Palace. An alternative view is that the land was owned by Ralph Aylmer during the reign of Henry III (1216-1272) and was classified as a 'district'. [2]

The term ‘Elmerus’ was regarded as a traitor in Anglo Saxon. The Green was the site of many hangings during the 15th and 16th centuries,[ citation needed ] hence how Elmers End potentially got its name. The name Beckenham came about 50 years later, although this claim is completely contradicted by the Bromley council website which shows Beckenham being historically present since AD862 and Elmers End since AD1226. [1]

Elmers End station opened in 1864 in what was then still a rural area. From the 1860s a sewage farm was opened, and housing gradually began to be built in the area, centred on the large green space which is the centre of a gyratory. [3] Development continued apace in the early 20th century, with a large industrial estate being built on the south side of the railway track, which has since closed; it used to house the Muirhead and Twinlock factories, and can be seen from the air here. The companies vacated the sites and it remained derelict until 1995 when Tesco built a new superstore. [3] The former Bolloms paint factory site, on the opposite side of the road has been redeveloped into an industrial estate. An Odeon cinema stood on Elmers End Green from 1939 to 1959. [3] In the 1960s the sewage farm closed; as it is thought to be contaminated with heavy metals it was considered unfit for building houses and was later converted into a nature park (South Norwood Country Park), which falls within the boundaries of the London Borough of Croydon. [3]

The main Beckenham crematorium is situated between South Norwood Country Park and Birkbeck station. Also known as Elmers End Cemetery, it contains the final resting places of such notable people as W.G. Grace, Frank Bourne, Thomas Crapper, Jerzy Wołkowicki, William Stanley and George Evans (VC) who won a Victoria Cross in 1916. [4]

Upper Elmers End

The centre of Upper Elmers End today Upper Elmers End.jpg
The centre of Upper Elmers End today

This was once a small hamlet distinct from Elmers End proper, centred on the sharp bend on Upper Elmers End Road south of the railway line. [5] The hamlet was the site of a brewery, which was converted into Kempton's bakery in the 1930s. [5] It was around this period that large scale housing development began in the area, with Upper Elmers End merging into Elmers End and Eden Park over time and losing its separate identity. [5]

Transport

Rail

Elmers End railway station connects the area with Southeastern services to London Charing Cross and London Cannon Street via Catford Bridge and to Hayes. There are also Tramlink services to Wimbledon via East Croydon.

Buses

Elmers End is served by several bus routes provided by Transport for London. These connect Elmers End with areas including Beckenham, Bromley, Catford, Croydon, Crystal Palace, Lewisham, Orpington, Penge, Purley and Woolwich.

Notable people

Notes

  1. 1 2 "Origins of Bromley place names".
  2. "A Brief History of Elmers End Green". 17 November 2014.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Willey, Russ. Chambers London Gazetteer, p 161
  4. "www.rorkesdriftvc.com".
  5. 1 2 3 Willey, Russ. Chambers London Gazetteer, p 510
  6. "Walter de la Mare". Bromley Council. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  7. "Plaque: Doctor John Fry - Beckenham". London Remembers. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  8. "Obituary - Doctor John Fry - Beckenham". The Independent. 3 May 1994. Retrieved 7 August 2020.

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