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Bayswater Rd - - 2593692.jpg
View from Bayswater Road
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
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Location within Greater London
Population12,363 (2020 estimate)
OS grid reference TQ255805
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district W2
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
List of places
51°30′34″N0°11′34″W / 51.5095°N 0.1929°W / 51.5095; -0.1929

Bayswater is an area within the City of Westminster in West London. [1] It is a built-up district in the West End with a population density of 17,500 per square kilometre, and is located between Kensington Gardens to the south, Paddington to the north-east, and Notting Hill to the west.


Much of Bayswater was built in the 1800s, and consists of streets and garden squares lined with Victorian stucco terraces; some of which have been subdivided into flats. Other key developments include the Grade II listed 650-flat Hallfield Estate, designed by Sir Denys Lasdun, and Queensway and Westbourne Grove, its busiest high streets, with a mix of independent, boutique and chain retailers and restaurants.[ citation needed ]

Bayswater is also one of London's most cosmopolitan areas: a diverse local population is augmented by a high concentration of hotels. In addition to the English, there are many other nationalities. Notable ethnic groups include Greeks, French, Americans, Brazilians, Italians, Irish, Arabs, Malaysians and many others.[ citation needed ]


The name Bayswater is derived from the 1380 placename "Bayards Watering Place", which in Middle English meant either a watering place for horses, or the watering place that belonged to the Bayard family. [2]


Historically, Bayswater was located to the west of London on the road from Tyburn towards Uxbridge. It was a hamlet in the seventeenth century close to the Kensington Gravel Pits. By the end of the eighteenth century Bayswater remained a small settlement, although the gradual expansion of London westward into Mayfair and Paddington brought it closer to the outskirts of the city. During the Regency era new suburbs were rapidly constructed to cope with the growing population of the city. An important early developer in Bayswater was Edward Orme who constructed Moscow Road and St. Petersburgh Place, which he named in honour of Alexander I of Russia. Both Bayswater and Tyburnia to the east developed independently of each other. Gradually over the following decades the remaining open spaces were built on and it became an urban area of affluent residential streets and garden squares. [3]

Notable residents

Local politics

The Bayswater area elects a total of six councillors to Westminster City Council: three from the eponymous Bayswater ward, [10] and three from Lancaster Gate ward. [11]

Following the 2022 Westminster City Council elections, five members belong to the Labour Party, and one to the Conservative Party, with Bayswater being fully represented by Labour, and Lancaster Gate being split between the two parties. Lancaster Gate can be considered as a marginal ward. [12] [13]


Nearest places

Nearest tube stations

Bayswater station Bayswater Tube Station London.jpg
Bayswater station

The stations within the district are Bayswater and Queensway. Other nearby stations include Paddington (Bakerloo, Circle and District lines and Circle and Hammersmith & City lines), [14] Royal Oak (in Westbourne) and Lancaster Gate (to the east).

Places of interest

References in fiction

Barbara Vine 's The House of Stairs is set also in Bayswater.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Notting Hill</span> Area of London, England

Notting Hill is a district of West London, England, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. Notting Hill is known for being a cosmopolitan and multicultural neighbourhood, hosting the annual Notting Hill Carnival and Portobello Road Market. From around 1870, Notting Hill had an association with artists.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paddington</span> Area of central London, England

Paddington is an area in the City of Westminster, in central London, England. A medieval parish then a metropolitan borough, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Paddington station, designed by the engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel opened in 1847. It is also the site of St Mary's Hospital and the former Paddington Green Police Station.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bayswater tube station</span> London Underground station

Bayswater is a London Underground station in the Bayswater area of the City of Westminster. The station is on the Circle and District lines, between Notting Hill Gate and Paddington stations and is in Travelcard Zone 1. It is less than 100 metres (330 ft) away from the Central line's Queensway station.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Queensway tube station</span> London Underground station

Queensway is a London Underground station on the Central line in Bayswater, just inside the boundary of the City of Westminster with the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. It is at the junction of Queensway and Bayswater Road, and is opposite the north-west corner of Kensington Gardens. It is between Notting Hill Gate to the west and Lancaster Gate to the east, and is in Travelcard Zone 1.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Metropolitan Borough of Paddington</span> Former borough of London

Paddington was a civil parish and metropolitan borough in London, England. It was an ancient parish in the county of Middlesex, governed by an administrative vestry. The parish was included in the area of responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works in 1855 and became part of the County of London in 1889. The parish of Paddington became a metropolitan borough in 1900, following the London Government Act 1899, with the parish vestry replaced by a borough council. In 1965 the borough was abolished and its former area became part of the City of Westminster in Greater London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">River Westbourne</span> River in London, England

The Westbourne or Kilburn is a culverted small River Thames tributary in London, rising in Hampstead and Brondesbury Park and which as a drain unites and flows southward through Kilburn and Bayswater to skirt underneath the east of Hyde Park's Serpentine lake then through central Chelsea under Sloane Square. It passes centrally under the south side of Royal Hospital Chelsea's Ranelagh Gardens before discharging into Inner London's old-fashioned, but grandiose combined sewer system, with exceptional discharges into the Inner London Tideway. Since the latter 19th century, the population of its catchment has risen further but to reduce the toll it places on the Beckton Sewage Treatment Works and related bills its narrow basin has been assisted by private soakaways, and public surface water drains. Its depression has been replaced with and adopted as a reliable route for a gravity combined sewer. The formation of the Serpentine relied on the water, a lake with a long, ornate footbridge and various activities associated, which today uses little-polluted water from a great depth.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Westbourne Grove</span>

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ossington Street</span> Street in Central London

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Queensway, London</span> Shopping street in London

Queensway is a shopping street in Bayswater, an area of west London. It is home to Whiteleys, many restaurants, cafés, pubs, souvenir shops and a few high-street retail chains. Queensway and Westbourne Grove are identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. The street is numbered the B411 in the British road numbering scheme. Queensway is currently undergoing a major redevelopment on all sides, with a building on the top of the road being developed for £500m, Whiteleys for £1.2BN and a series of other redevelopments happening at the same time.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bayswater Road</span> Road in west London, running along the northern boundary of Hyde Park

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lancaster Gate</span> Human settlement

Lancaster Gate is a mid-19th century development in the Bayswater district of central London, immediately to the north of Kensington Gardens. It consists of two long terraces of houses overlooking the park, with a wide gap between them opening onto a square containing a church. Further terraces back onto the pair overlooking the park and loop around the square. Until 1865 the terraces were known as Upper Hyde Park Gardens, with the name Lancaster Gate limited to the square surrounding the church. The development takes its name from Lancaster Gate, a nearby entrance to Kensington Gardens, itself named in honour of Queen Victoria as Duke of Lancaster.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Regent's Park and Kensington North (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997–2010

Regent's Park and Kensington North was a constituency in Central and West London represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Westminster North (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2010 onwards

Westminster North is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Karen Buck, a member of the Labour Party. It was created in 1983 and abolished in 1997, before being created again in 2010.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Westbourne, London</span> Area in central-west London, England

Westbourne is an area in West London. It has a manorial history spanning many centuries, within a more broadly defined Paddington, before shedding its association in the mid-19th century. It is named after the west bourne, West Bourne, or River Westbourne, a Thames tributary which was encased in 19th-century London in the 1850s. The spring-fed stream and associated manor have led to the place names Westbourne Green, Westbourne Park and more narrowly: Westbourne Gardens, Westbourne Grove, Westbourne Park Road, Westbourne Park tube station, Westbourne Studios and the name of a public house.

Paddington was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Paddington district of London. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The constituency was created for the February 1974 general election, partially replacing the previous Paddington North and Paddington South constituencies, and abolished for the 1983 general election. A Paddington borough constituency has three times been recommended during early stages of Boundary Commission inquiries, only to be altered before the final report was issued.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Craven Hill Gardens</span>

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Leinster Square</span>

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Westbourne Terrace</span>

Westbourne Terrace is a street in the Paddington district of the City of Westminster in west London. The street runs between Westbourne Bridge in the north and the junction of Westbourne Crescent and Sussex Gardens in the south and was developed between 1839 and the late 1850s. It has been described as the "most spacious and dignified avenue" in Bayswater and "unrivalled in its class in London or even Great Britain". The street is not to be confused with Westbourne Terrace Road which runs north from Westbourne Bridge into Little Venice, and a large number of other Westbourne streets in the area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Porchester Gardens</span> Street in Central London

Porchester Gardens is a street in the Bayswater area of London. Located in the City of Westminster, it runs east to west and crosses Queensway. Like several streets in the area it was developed by Edward Orme. In 1879 the engineer R. E. B. Crompton lit his house by electricity, effectively the first in London to do so. The department store Whiteleys was located where the two streets joined before its closure. The road features a mixture of residential and commercial properties. At the eastern end, Porchester Terrace runs southwards to Kensington Gardens while in the west it ultimately merges into Kensington Gardens Square and Leinster Square. Moscow Road runs parallel to the south for much of the route.


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  10. " Bayswater Ward profile" (PDF). Bayswater Ward's councillors, boundary map and demographics. Westminster City Council. July 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2013.[ permanent dead link ]
  11. " Lancaster Gate Ward profile" (PDF). Lancaster Gate Ward's councillors, boundary map and demographics. Westminster City Council. July 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2013.[ permanent dead link ]
  12. "Bayswater". Westminster City Council. Retrieved 9 October 2022.
  13. "Lancaster Gate". Westminster City Council. Retrieved 9 October 2022.
  14. "Queens Park Hotel Bayswater Tube Station". Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.