List of bridges in London

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A view of bridges in the City of London, looking westwards (upstream): Tower Bridge to Westminster Bridge UK Londen 20040713 18891.JPG
A view of bridges in the City of London, looking westwards (upstream): Tower Bridge to Westminster Bridge

List of bridges in London lists the major bridges within Greater London or within the influence of London. Most of these are river crossings, and the best-known are those across the River Thames. Several bridges on other rivers have given their names to areas of London, particularly where the whole river has become subterranean. Other bridges are high level road or rail crossings across other streets.


River crossings

River Thames

Bridges over the River Thames, listed in order travelling from East to West. Multiple values in "Dates opened" pertain to earlier bridges at the site of the current structure.

PortraitNameTypeDates openedNorth BankSouth BankMaintained by
Puente de la Torre, Londres, Inglaterra, 2014-08-11, DD 092.JPG Tower Bridge Combination bascule / suspension 1894Tower HamletsSouthwark Bridge House Estates
London Bridge Illuminated.jpg London Bridge Box girder 50 AD
City of London: Monument SouthwarkBridge House Estates
Cannon street railway bridge 2.jpg Cannon Street Railway Bridge Beam 1866City of London: Cannon Street Southwark Network Rail
Puente Southwark, Londres, Inglaterra, 2014-08-11, DD 112.JPG Southwark Bridge Arch 1819
City of London: Queen Street Southwark: Bankside Bridge House Estates
Mill.bridge.from.tate.modern.arp.jpg Millennium Bridge Suspension2002City of London: Queenhithe Southwark: BanksideBridge House Estates
London blackfriars railway station.jpg Blackfriars Railway Bridge Arch1864
City of London: Blackfriars SouthwarkNetwork Rail
Blackfriars Bridge, River Thames, London, with St Pauls Cathedral.jpg Blackfriars Bridge Arch1769
City of London: Blackfriars SouthwarkBridge House Estates
River Thames and Waterloo Bridge, London-17Aug2009.jpg Waterloo Bridge Box girder1817
WestminsterLambeth: South Bank Transport for London
Hungerford Bridge, River Thames, London, England.jpg Hungerford Bridge Lattice truss 1864WestminsterLambeth: South BankNetwork Rail
Golden Jubilee Bridges Suspension2002
Westminster Bridge, River Thames, London, England.jpg Westminster Bridge Arch1750
WestminsterLambeth: South Bank Transport for London
Lambeth Bridge upstream side.jpg Lambeth Bridge Arch1862
WestminsterLambethTransport for London
Vauxhall Bridge 2009.jpg Vauxhall Bridge Arch1816
Westminster: Pimlico Lambeth: Vauxhall Transport for London
Grosvenor Bridge, River Thames, London, England.jpg Grosvenor Bridge Arch1859WestminsterWandsworthNetwork Rail
Chelsea Bridge 2.JPG Chelsea Bridge Suspension1858
Kensington and Chelsea: Chelsea Wandsworth: Battersea Kensington and Chelsea London Borough Council
Albert Bridge 14 May 2006.JPG Albert Bridge Combined Ordish–Lefeuvre / suspension / beam1873Kensington and Chelsea: ChelseaWandsworth: BatterseaKensington and Chelsea London Borough Council
Battersea Bridge 1.JPG Battersea Bridge Arch1771
Kensington and Chelsea: ChelseaWandsworth: BatterseaTransport for London
BatterseaRailBridge.jpg Battersea Railway Bridge Arch1863Hammersmith and Fulham: Imperial Wharf Wandsworth: Clapham Junction Network Rail
WandsworthBridge.jpg Wandsworth Bridge Cantilever 1873
Hammersmith and Fulham: Fulham Wandsworth: Wandsworth Wandsworth London Borough Council
Fulham Railway Bridge 728-30s.jpg Fulham Railway Bridge and FootbridgeLattice girder1889Hammersmith and Fulham: Putney Bridge Wandsworth: East Putney Network Rail
Putney Bridge 723-5.JPG Putney Bridge Arch1729
Hammersmith and Fulham: FulhamWandsworth: Putney Wandsworth London Borough Council
Hammersmith Bridge 1, London, UK - April 2012.jpg Hammersmith Bridge Suspension1827
Hammersmith and Fulham: HammersmithRichmond upon Thames: Castelnau Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council
BarnesRailwayBridgeUpstream.jpg Barnes Railway Bridge and Footbridge Truss arch 1849Hounslow: Chiswick Richmond upon Thames: Barnes Network Rail
Chiswick-Bridge-15-540-3.jpg Chiswick Bridge Deck arch 1933Hounslow: ChiswickRichmond upon Thames: Mortlake Transport for London
Kew Railway Bridge.jpg Kew Railway Bridge Lattice truss1869Hounslow: Gunnersbury Richmond upon Thames: Kew Gardens Network Rail
Kew Bridge in London 2007 Sept 21.jpg Kew Bridge Arch1759
Hounslow: Brentford Richmond upon Thames: Kew Transport for London
Richmond Lock from Isleworth,Middx looking SE.jpg Richmond Lock and Footbridge Arch1894Richmond upon Thames: St Margarets Richmond upon Thames: Richmond Port of London Authority
Twickenham Bridge 320r1.jpg Twickenham Bridge Arch1933Richmond upon Thames: St MargaretsRichmond upon Thames: RichmondTransport for London
Richmond Railway Bridge 333r1.jpg Richmond Railway Bridge Truss arch1848Richmond upon Thames: St Margarets Richmond upon Thames: Richmond Network Rail
Richmond Bridge and riverside.jpg Richmond Bridge Arch1777Richmond upon Thames: St MargaretsRichmond upon Thames: Richmond Richmond upon Thames London Borough Council
TeddBridge.JPG Teddington Lock Footbridges Girder (Eastern)
Suspension (Western)
1889Richmond upon Thames: Teddington Richmond upon Thames: Ham Richmond upon Thames London Borough Council
KingstonRlyBr02.JPG Kingston Railway Bridge Arch1863Richmond upon Thames: Hampton Wick Kingston upon Thames: Kingston Network Rail
Kingston Bridge2.jpg Kingston Bridge Arch1190
Richmond upon Thames: Hampton Wick Kingston upon Thames: Kingston upon Thames Kingston upon Thames London Borough Council
Hampton Court Bridge 1.jpg Hampton Court Bridge Arch1753
Richmond upon Thames: Hampton Court Palace Surrey: East Molesey Surrey County Council

River Lea

Subterranean rivers

Canals and docks

Road and foot bridges

The Holborn Viaduct, 2005 Holborn Viaduct December 2005.jpg
The Holborn Viaduct, 2005

Railway bridges

The Illuminated River

In 2016 an international competition was launched to design a public artwork in Central London across 15 bridges on the River Thames, from Tower Bridge to Albert Bridge, with a minimum lifespan of 10 years. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] A design by American artist Leo Villareal in collaboration with British architects Lifschutz Davidson Sandilands was selected from 105 entries by an independent competition jury in November 2016. This will be one of the UK's largest ever public art commissions. [6] [7]

The first phase - Southwark Bridge, Millennium Bridge, London Bridge and Cannon Street Bridge - was switched on in July 2019. The Illuminated River artwork was completed in April 2021 with the illumination of Blackfriars Bridge, Waterloo Bridge, Golden Jubilee Footbridges, Westminster Bridge and Lambeth Bridge. [8] The artwork employs LED light fittings, replacing less efficient forms of lighting in places. [9] [10] [11] [12]

The installation’s colour scheme is in part influenced by famous paintings of the Thames, as noted by The Times: “The colours and tones used in the paintings of those inveterate Thames-watchers Monet, Whistler and Turner provide some of the inspiration, while at Westminster [bridge] a shade of green was chosen to complement the colour of the leather upholstery in the House of Commons”. [13] An article in The Guardian stated: "The project... has been much trickier and taken longer to realise than anticipated." [14] A three-part Channel 4 documentary, which started in July 2019, [15] covered the project up to the end of the first phase. [16]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">River Thames</span> River in southern England

The River Thames, known alternatively in parts as the River Isis, is a river that flows through southern England including London. At 215 miles (346 km), it is the longest river entirely in England and the second-longest in the United Kingdom, after the River Severn.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tower Bridge</span> Bascule and suspension bridge in London

Tower Bridge is a Grade I listed combined bascule and suspension bridge in London, built between 1886 and 1894, designed by Horace Jones and engineered by John Wolfe Barry with the help of Henry Marc Brunel. It crosses the River Thames close to the Tower of London and is one of five London bridges owned and maintained by the Bridge House Estates, a charitable trust founded in 1282. The bridge was constructed to give better access to the East End of London, which had expanded its commercial potential in the 19th century. The bridge was opened by Edward, Prince of Wales and Alexandra, Princess of Wales in 1894.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">River Medway</span> River in South East England

The River Medway is a river in South East England. It rises in the High Weald, East Sussex and flows through Tonbridge, Maidstone and the Medway conurbation in Kent, before emptying into the Thames Estuary near Sheerness, a total distance of 70 miles (113 km). About 13 miles (21 km) of the river lies in East Sussex, with the remainder being in Kent.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hammersmith Bridge</span> Suspension bridge in London, England

Hammersmith Bridge is a suspension bridge that crosses the River Thames in west London. It links the southern part of Hammersmith in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, on the north side of the river, and Barnes in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, on the south side of the river. The current bridge, which is Grade II* listed and was designed by civil engineer Sir Joseph Bazalgette, is the second permanent bridge on the site, and has been attacked three times by Irish republicans.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges</span> Bridges in London

The Hungerford Bridge crosses the River Thames in London, and lies between Waterloo Bridge and Westminster Bridge. Owned by Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd it is a steel truss railway bridge flanked by two more recent, cable-stayed, pedestrian bridges that share the railway bridge's foundation piers, and which are named the Golden Jubilee Bridges.

An overpass is a bridge, road, railway or similar structure that crosses over another road or railway. An overpass and underpass together form a grade separation. Stack interchanges are made up of several overpasses.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chelsea Bridge</span> Bridge over the River Thames in west London

Chelsea Bridge is a bridge over the River Thames in west London, connecting Chelsea on the north bank to Battersea on the south bank, and split between the City of Westminster, the London Borough of Wandsworth and the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. There have been two Chelsea Bridges, on the site of what was an ancient ford.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battersea Railway Bridge</span> Bridge across the River Thames in London

The Battersea Railway Bridge is a bridge across the River Thames in London, between Battersea and Fulham. Owned by Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd, it links Battersea to the extreme north-east part of Fulham, known as Chelsea Harbour or Imperial Wharf, a 21st-century-rebuilt area on the south side of Chelsea Creek. The bridge is used by the West London Line of the London Overground from Clapham Junction to Willesden Junction.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thames Path</span> National Trail following the River Thames in England

The Thames Path is a National Trail following the River Thames from its source near Kemble in Gloucestershire to the Woolwich foot tunnel, south east London. It is about 185 miles (298 km) long. A path was first proposed in 1948 but it only opened in 1996.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Barnes Railway Bridge</span> Bridge in London, England

Barnes Railway Bridge is a Grade II listed railway bridge in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames and the London Borough of Hounslow. It crosses the River Thames in London in a northwest to southeast direction at Barnes. It carries the South Western Railway's Hounslow Loop Line, and lies between Barnes Bridge and Chiswick stations. It can also be crossed on foot, and is one of only three bridges in London to combine pedestrian and rail use; the others being Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges and Fulham Railway Bridge.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tideway</span> The part of the River Thames subject to tides

The Tideway is a part of the River Thames in England which is subject to tides. This stretch of water is downstream from Teddington Lock. The Tideway comprises the upper Thames Estuary including the Pool of London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Moulsford Railway Bridge</span> Bridge in Moulsford

Moulsford Railway Bridge, also known locally as "Four Arches" bridge, is a pair of parallel bridges located a little to the north of Moulsford and South Stoke in Oxfordshire, UK. It carries the Great Western Main Line from Paddington, London to Wales and the West across the River Thames. The bridge lies between the stations at Goring & Streatley and Cholsey, and crosses the Thames at an oblique angle on the reach between Cleeve Lock and Benson Lock.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lea Valley Walk</span> Long-distance footpath in South East England

The Lea Valley Walk is a 50-mile (80 km) long-distance path located between Leagrave, the source of the River Lea near Luton, and the Thames, at Limehouse Basin, Limehouse, east London. From its source much of the walk is rural. At Hertford the path follows the towpath of the River Lee Navigation, and it becomes increasingly urbanised as it approaches London. The walk was opened in 1993 and is waymarked throughout using a swan logo.

Leo Villareal is an American artist. His work combines LED lights and encoded computer programming to create illuminated displays. He is living and working in New York City.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tilikum Crossing</span> Bridge over the Willamette River, Portland, OR, USA

Tilikum Crossing, Bridge of the People is a cable-stayed bridge across the Willamette River in Portland, Oregon, United States. It was designed by TriMet, the Portland metropolitan area's regional transit authority, for its MAX Orange Line light rail passenger trains. The bridge also serves city buses and the Portland Streetcar, as well as bicycles, pedestrians, and emergency vehicles. Private cars and trucks are not permitted on the bridge. It is the first major bridge in the U.S. that was designed to allow access to transit vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians but not cars.

Dukes Meadows Footbridge is a pedestrian bridge under construction in Chiswick, London that will allow the Thames Path on the north bank at Dukes Meadows to follow the river without diversion.

<i>Illuminated River</i> Public artwork on Londons bridges

Illuminated River is a large-scale public art commission which lights up nine bridges in central London across the River Thames. Designed by American artist Leo Villareal in collaboration with British architects Lifschutz Davidson Sandilands, it uses LED light fittings to produce sequenced patterns of moving light across the bridge structures.


  1. "Mayor of London announces winning team in competition to light up London's bridges". Illuminated River. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  2. "First Phase of 'Illuminated River' Opens on the Thames River in London". Architectural Record. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  3. "Illuminated River: Final bridges light up for Thames artwork". BBC News. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  4. "Illuminated River: Lighting up London's Bridges with skill and charm". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  5. "Leo Villareal: Illuminated River Launches Across Five More Thames Bridges". Pace Gallery. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  6. "Painting with light on London's River Thames". CNN. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  7. Illuminated River to Light Up River Thames
  8. "London's bridges lit up: Illuminated River project brings light to heart of capital". Express. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  9. "The Thames Is Aglow! These 4 Central London Bridges Are Now Illuminated". Londonist. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  10. "Illuminated River: First London bridges lit up". BBC. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  11. "Thames Illuminated River scheme first phase complete". New Civil Engineer. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  12. "Illuminated River". Illuminated River. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  13. "The Thames is the light of my life — now it can be yours too". The Times. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  14. "London bridges go LED as part of £45m longest artwork project". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  15. "London's Great Bridges: Lighting the Thames". Channel 4. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  16. "London's Great Bridges: Lighting the Thames". Illuminated River. Retrieved 20 July 2019.