List of bridges in London

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A view of bridges in the City of London, looking westwards (upstream): Tower Bridge to Westminster Bridge UK Londen 20040713 18891.JPG
A view of bridges in the City of London, looking westwards (upstream): Tower Bridge to Westminster Bridge

List of bridges in London lists the major bridges within Greater London or within the influence of London. Most of these are river crossings, and the best-known are those across the River Thames. Several bridges on other rivers have given their names to areas of London, particularly where the whole river has become subterranean. Other bridges are high level road or rail crossings across other streets.


River crossings

River Thames

Bridges over the River Thames, listed in order travelling from East to West. Multiple values in "Dates opened" pertain to earlier bridges at the site of the current structure.

PortraitNameTypeDates openedNorth BankSouth BankMaintained by
Puente de la Torre, Londres, Inglaterra, 2014-08-11, DD 092.JPG Tower Bridge Combination bascule / suspension 1894Tower HamletsSouthwark Bridge House Estates
London Bridge Illuminated.jpg London Bridge Box girder 50 AD
City of London: Monument SouthwarkBridge House Estates
Cannon street railway bridge 2.jpg Cannon Street Railway Bridge Beam 1866City of London: Cannon Street Southwark Network Rail
Puente Southwark, Londres, Inglaterra, 2014-08-11, DD 112.JPG Southwark Bridge Arch 1819
City of London: Queen Street Southwark: Bankside Bridge House Estates
Mill.bridge.from.tate.modern.arp.jpg Millennium Bridge Suspension2002City of London: Queenhithe Southwark: BanksideBridge House Estates
London blackfriars railway station.jpg Blackfriars Railway Bridge Arch1864
City of London: Blackfriars SouthwarkNetwork Rail
Blackfriars Bridge, River Thames, London, with St Pauls Cathedral.jpg Blackfriars Bridge Arch1769
City of London: Blackfriars SouthwarkBridge House Estates
River Thames and Waterloo Bridge, London-17Aug2009.jpg Waterloo Bridge Box girder1817
WestminsterLambeth: South Bank Transport for London
Hungerford Bridge, River Thames, London, England.jpg Hungerford Bridge Lattice truss 1864WestminsterLambeth: South BankNetwork Rail
Golden Jubilee Bridges Suspension2002
Westminster Bridge, River Thames, London, England.jpg Westminster Bridge Arch1750
WestminsterLambeth: South Bank Transport for London
Lambeth Bridge upstream side.jpg Lambeth Bridge Arch1862
WestminsterLambethTransport for London
Vauxhall Bridge 2009.jpg Vauxhall Bridge Arch1816
Westminster: Pimlico Lambeth: Vauxhall Transport for London
Grosvenor Bridge, River Thames, London, England.jpg Grosvenor Bridge Arch1859WestminsterWandsworthNetwork Rail
Chelsea Bridge 2.JPG Chelsea Bridge Suspension1858
Kensington and Chelsea: Chelsea Wandsworth: Battersea Kensington and Chelsea London Borough Council
Albert Bridge 14 May 2006.JPG Albert Bridge Combined Ordish–Lefeuvre / suspension / beam1873Kensington and Chelsea: ChelseaWandsworth: BatterseaKensington and Chelsea London Borough Council
Battersea Bridge 1.JPG Battersea Bridge Arch1771
Kensington and Chelsea: ChelseaWandsworth: BatterseaTransport for London
BatterseaRailBridge.jpg Battersea Railway Bridge Arch1863Hammersmith and Fulham: Imperial Wharf Wandsworth: Clapham Junction Network Rail
WandsworthBridge.jpg Wandsworth Bridge Cantilever 1873
Hammersmith and Fulham: Fulham Wandsworth: Wandsworth Wandsworth London Borough Council
Fulham Railway Bridge 728-30s.jpg Fulham Railway Bridge and FootbridgeLattice girder1889Hammersmith and Fulham: Putney Bridge Wandsworth: East Putney Network Rail
Putney Bridge 723-5.JPG Putney Bridge Arch1729
Hammersmith and Fulham: FulhamWandsworth: Putney Wandsworth London Borough Council
Hammersmith Bridge 1, London, UK - April 2012.jpg Hammersmith Bridge Suspension1827
Hammersmith and Fulham: HammersmithRichmond upon Thames: Castelnau Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council
BarnesRailwayBridgeUpstream.jpg Barnes Railway Bridge and Footbridge Truss arch 1849Hounslow: Chiswick Richmond upon Thames: Barnes Network Rail
Chiswick-Bridge-15-540-3.jpg Chiswick Bridge Deck arch 1933Hounslow: ChiswickRichmond upon Thames: Mortlake Transport for London
Kew Railway Bridge.jpg Kew Railway Bridge Lattice truss1869Hounslow: Gunnersbury Richmond upon Thames: Kew Gardens Network Rail
Kew Bridge in London 2007 Sept 21.jpg Kew Bridge Arch1759
Hounslow: Brentford Richmond upon Thames: Kew Transport for London
Richmond Lock from Isleworth,Middx looking SE.jpg Richmond Lock and Footbridge Arch1894Richmond upon Thames: St Margarets Richmond upon Thames: Richmond Port of London Authority
Twickenham Bridge 320r1.jpg Twickenham Bridge Arch1933Richmond upon Thames: St MargaretsRichmond upon Thames: RichmondTransport for London
Richmond Railway Bridge 333r1.jpg Richmond Railway Bridge Truss arch1848Richmond upon Thames: St Margarets Richmond upon Thames: Richmond Network Rail
Richmond Bridge and riverside.jpg Richmond Bridge Arch1777Richmond upon Thames: St MargaretsRichmond upon Thames: Richmond Richmond upon Thames London Borough Council
TeddBridge.JPG Teddington Lock Footbridges Girder (Eastern)
Suspension (Western)
1889Richmond upon Thames: Teddington Richmond upon Thames: Ham Richmond upon Thames London Borough Council
KingstonRlyBr02.JPG Kingston Railway Bridge Arch1863Richmond upon Thames: Hampton Wick Kingston upon Thames: Kingston Network Rail
Kingston Bridge2.jpg Kingston Bridge Arch1190
Richmond upon Thames: Hampton Wick Kingston upon Thames: Kingston upon Thames Kingston upon Thames London Borough Council
Hampton Court Bridge 1.jpg Hampton Court Bridge Arch1753
Richmond upon Thames: Hampton Court Palace Surrey: East Molesey Surrey County Council

River Lea

Subterranean rivers

Canals and docks

Road and foot bridges

The Holborn Viaduct, 2005 Holborn Viaduct December 2005.jpg
The Holborn Viaduct, 2005

Railway bridges

Illuminated River artwork

In 2016 an international competition was launched to design a public artwork in Central London across 15 bridges on the River Thames, from Tower Bridge to Albert Bridge, with a minimum lifespan of 10 years. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] A design by American artist Leo Villareal in collaboration with British architects Lifschutz Davidson Sandilands was selected from 105 entries by an independent competition jury in November 2016. This will be one of the UK's largest ever public art commissions. [6] [7]

The first phase - Southwark Bridge, Millennium Bridge, London Bridge and Cannon Street Bridge - was switched on in July 2019. The Illuminated River artwork was completed in April 2021 with the illumination of Blackfriars Bridge, Waterloo Bridge, Golden Jubilee Footbridges, Westminster Bridge and Lambeth Bridge. [8] The artwork employs LED light fittings, replacing less efficient forms of lighting in places. [9] [10] [11] [12]

The installation’s colour scheme is in part influenced by famous paintings of the Thames, as noted by The Times: “The colours and tones used in the paintings of those inveterate Thames-watchers Monet, Whistler and Turner provide some of the inspiration, while at Westminster [bridge] a shade of green was chosen to complement the colour of the leather upholstery in the House of Commons”. [13] An article in The Guardian stated: "The project... has been much trickier and taken longer to realise than anticipated." [14] A three-part Channel 4 documentary, which started in July 2019, [15] covered the project up to the end of the first phase. [16]

See also

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<i>Illuminated River</i> Public artwork on Londons bridges

Illuminated River is a large-scale public art commission which lights up nine bridges in central London across the River Thames. Designed by American artist Leo Villareal in collaboration with British architects Lifschutz Davidson Sandilands, it uses LED light fittings to produce sequenced patterns of moving light across the bridge structures.


  1. "Mayor of London announces winning team in competition to light up London's bridges". Illuminated River. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  2. "First Phase of 'Illuminated River' Opens on the Thames River in London". Architectural Record. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  3. "Illuminated River: Final bridges light up for Thames artwork". BBC News. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  4. "Illuminated River: Lighting up London's Bridges with skill and charm". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  5. "Leo Villareal: Illuminated River Launches Across Five More Thames Bridges". Pace Gallery. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  6. "Painting with light on London's River Thames". CNN. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  7. Illuminated River to Light Up River Thames
  8. "London's bridges lit up: Illuminated River project brings light to heart of capital". Express. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  9. "The Thames Is Aglow! These 4 Central London Bridges Are Now Illuminated". Londonist. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  10. "Illuminated River: First London bridges lit up". BBC. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  11. "Thames Illuminated River scheme first phase complete". New Civil Engineer. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  12. "Illuminated River". Illuminated River. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  13. "The Thames is the light of my life — now it can be yours too". The Times. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  14. "London bridges go LED as part of £45m longest artwork project". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  15. "London's Great Bridges: Lighting the Thames". Channel 4. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  16. "London's Great Bridges: Lighting the Thames". Illuminated River. Retrieved 20 July 2019.