Teddington

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Teddington
The bridge at Teddington Lock - geograph.org.uk - 1021556.jpg
Teddington Lock Bridge (west)
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Teddington
Location within Greater London
Area4.27 km2 (1.65 sq mi)
Population10,330 (2011) [1]
  Density 2,419/km2 (6,270/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ159708
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TEDDINGTON
Postcode district TW11
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°25′26″N0°19′55″W / 51.424°N 0.332°W / 51.424; -0.332 Coordinates: 51°25′26″N0°19′55″W / 51.424°N 0.332°W / 51.424; -0.332

Teddington is a suburb in south-west London in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. In 2021, Teddington was named as the best place to live in London by The Sunday Times . [2] Historically in Middlesex, Teddington is situated on a long meander of the Thames between Hampton Wick and Strawberry Hill, Twickenham. Mostly residential, it stretches from the river to Bushy Park with a long high street of shops, restaurants and pubs. There is a suspension bridge over the lowest non-tidal lock on the Thames, Teddington Lock. At Teddington's centre is a mid-rise urban development, containing offices and apartments.

Contents

Economy

Teddington is bisected by an almost continuous road of shops, offices and other facilities running from the river to Bushy Park. There are two clusters of offices on this route; on the edge of Bushy Park the National Physical Laboratory, National Measurement Office and LGC form a scientific centre. Around Teddington station and the town centre are a number of offices in industries such as direct marketing and IT, which include Tearfund and BMT Limited. Several riverside businesses and houses were redeveloped in the last quarter of the 20th century as blocks of riverside flats. As of 2016 the riverside site of the former Teddington Studios was being developed to provide modern apartment blocks and other smaller houses. [3]

The lowermost lock on the Thames, Teddington Lock, which is just within Ham's boundary, is accessible via the Teddington Lock Footbridges. In 2001 the Royal National Lifeboat Institution opened the Teddington Lifeboat Station, one of four Thames lifeboat stations, below the lock on the Teddington side. The station became operational in January 2002 and is the only volunteer station on the river.

History

Etymology

The place was known in Saxon and Norman times as Todyngton and Tutington. [4]

Teddington's beginnings

Sluice gates on the River Thames Sluice gates-KayEss-1.jpeg
Sluice gates on the River Thames
The chapel at Teddington Cemetery The Chapel, Teddington Cemetery, London.jpg
The chapel at Teddington Cemetery
Tram at Teddington in about 1905 Tram at Teddington, c. 1905 (4545470618).jpg
Tram at Teddington in about 1905
Carnegie Library (1906), built in the Edwardian Baroque style Teddington Carnegie Library.jpg
Carnegie Library (1906), built in the Edwardian Baroque style
Lloyds Bank, Teddington Lloyds Bank, Teddington.jpg
Lloyds Bank, Teddington

Bushy House was built in 1663, and its notable residents included British Prime Minister Lord North who lived there for over twenty years. [5] There have been isolated findings of flint and bone tools from the Mesolithic and Neolithic periods in Bushy Park and some unauthenticated evidence of Roman occupation. [6] However, the first permanent settlement in Teddington was probably in Saxon times. Teddington was not mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as it was included under the Hampton entry.

Teddington Manor was first owned by Benedictine monks in Staines and it is believed they built a chapel dedicated to St. Mary on the same site as today's St. Mary's Church. In 971, a charter gave the land in Teddington to the Abbey of Westminster. By the 14th century Teddington had a population of 100–200; most of the land was owned by the Abbot of Westminster and the remainder was rented by tenants who had to work the fields a certain number of days a year.

The Hampton Court gardens were laid out in 1500 in preparation for the planned rebuilding of a 14th-century manor to form Hampton Court Palace in 1521 and were to serve as hunting grounds for Cardinal Wolsey and later Henry VIII and his family. In 1540 some common land of Teddington was enclosed to form Bushy Park and acted as more hunting grounds.

A large minority of the parish lay in largely communal open fields, restricted in the Middle Ages to certain villagers. These were inclosed (privatised) in two phases, in 1800 and 1818. [7] [8] Shortly afterwards, the Duke of Clarence lived there with his mistress Dorothy Jordan [9] before he became King William IV, and later with his Queen Consort, Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen. The facilities were later converted into the National Physical Laboratory.

Economic change

In subsequent centuries, Teddington enjoyed a prosperous life due to the proximity of royalty, and by 1800 had grown significantly. But the "Little Ice Age" had made farming much less profitable and residents were forced to find other work. This change resulted in great economic change in the 19th century.

The first major event was the construction of Teddington Lock in 1811 with its weir across the river. [10] This was the first (and now the biggest) of five locks built at the time by the City of London Corporation. In 1889 Teddington Lock Footbridge, consisting of a suspension bridge section and a girder bridge section, was completed, linking Teddington to Ham (then in Surrey, now in London). It was funded by local business and public subscription.

After the railway was built in 1863, easy travel to Twickenham, Richmond, Kingston and London was possible and Teddington experienced a population boom, rising from 1,183 in 1861 to 6,599 in 1881 and 14,037 in 1901. [11]

Many roads and houses were built, continuing into the 20th century, forming the close-knit network of Victorian and Edwardian streets present today. In 1867, a local board was established and an urban district council in 1895.

In 1864 a group of Christians left the Anglican Church of St. Mary's (upset at its high church tendencies) and formed their own independent and Reformed, Protestant-style, congregation at Christ Church. Their original church building stood on what is now Church Road.

The Victorians attempted to build a large church, St. Alban's, based on the Notre Dame de Paris; however, funds ran out and only the nave of what was to be the "Cathedral of the Thames Valley" was completed. [12] In 1993 the temporary wall was replaced with a permanent one as part of a refurbishment that converted St Alban's Church into the Landmark Arts Centre, a venue for concerts and exhibitions.

A new cemetery, Teddington Cemetery, opened at Shacklegate Lane in 1879. [13]

Several schools were built in Teddington in the late 19th century in response to the 1870 Education Act, putting over 2,000 children in schools by 1899, transforming the previously illiterate village.

20th century

On 26 April 1913 a train was almost destroyed in Teddington after an arson attack by suffragettes. [14]

Great change took place around the turn of the 20th century in Teddington. Many new establishments were springing up, including Sims opticians. In 1902 the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), the national measurement standards laboratory for the United Kingdom, and the largest applied physics organisation in the UK, started in Bushy House (primarily working in industry and metrology and where the first accurate atomic clock was built) and the Teddington Carnegie Library was built in 1906. Electricity was also now supplied to Teddington, allowing for more development.

Until this point, the only hospital had been the very small cottage hospital, but it could not accommodate the growing population, especially during the First World War. Money was raised over the next decade to build Teddington Memorial Hospital [15] in 1929.

By the beginning of the Second World War, by far the greatest source of employment in Teddington was in the NPL.[ citation needed ] Its main focus in the war was military research and its most famous invention, the "bouncing bomb", was developed. During the war General Dwight D. Eisenhower planned the D-Day landings at his Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) at Camp Griffiss in Bushy Park.

Teddington Studios Thames Television and ABC Weekend TV studios in Teddington London Redvers.jpg
Teddington Studios

The "towpath murders" took place across the river in 1953. On 1 June, Barbara Songhurst was discovered floating in the River Thames, having been stabbed four times. Her friend Christine Reed, then missing, was found dead on 6 June. On 28 June, Alfred Whiteway was arrested for their murder and the sexual assault of three other women that same year. Whiteway was hanged at Wandsworth Prison on 22 November 1953. Whiteway and the girls were all from Teddington. The case was described as "one of Scotland Yard's most notable triumphs in a century". [16]

Teddington Studios, a digital widescreen television studio complex and one of the former homes of Thames Television, opened in 1958.

Most major rebuilding from bomb damage in World War II was completed by 1960. Chain stores began to open up, including Tesco and Sweatshop in 1971.

The Teddington Society

The Teddington Society, formed in 1973 by local residents, seeks to preserve the character of Teddington and to support local community projects. [17]

Education

The education authority for Teddington is Richmond upon Thames London Borough Council.

Primary schools in Teddington include Collis Primary School (Fairfax Road), St Mary's & St Peter's Primary School (Church Road), Sacred Heart RC School (St Marks Road) and Stanley Juniors and Infants (Strathmore Road). [18] Secondary schools include Teddington School. [19]

St Mary's & St Peter's Primary School was originally founded by Dorothy Bridgeman (d. 1697), widow of Sir Orlando Bridgeman, who left £40 to buy land in trust for educating poor children. In 1832, the foundation opened a boys' school, Teddington Public School, under the patronage of Queen Adelaide. Its buildings now house the primary school. [20]

Leisure

St Alban's Church, now the Landmark Arts Centre Landmark arts centre.jpg
St Alban's Church, now the Landmark Arts Centre

The Landmark Arts Centre, an independent charity, delivers a wide-ranging arts and education programme for the local and wider community. Its activities include arts classes, concerts and exhibitions. [21]

Sport

The Lensbury Lensbury clubhouse 2007 by Stephen Parnell.jpg
The Lensbury
Cricket and hockey clubs in Bushy Park

In the late 19th century, Bushy Park became home to Teddington Cricket Club. [22] From this, stemmed Teddington Hockey Club in 1871, which was responsible for introducing important rules of the modern game of hockey including the striking circle and the "sticks" rule. [23] [24]

Others

Transport

Nearest railway stations

Teddington railway station Teddington Station.jpg
Teddington railway station

Teddington railway station, served by South Western Railway trains, is on the electrified Kingston Loop Line close to the junction of the Shepperton Branch Line. Trains run both ways to London Waterloo: one way via Kingston upon Thames and Wimbledon every 15 minutes, the other via Richmond and Putney every 30 minutes. Trains also run to Shepperton every 30 minutes.

Buses

Teddington is served by London Buses services to other London locations, including Heathrow Airport, West Croydon and Hammersmith. Routes 33, 281, 285, 481, 681, R68 and X26 serve the town centre, and all seven connect the town with either Twickenham or Kingston upon Thames. [25]

Geography

Demography and housing

2011 Census homes
WardDetachedSemi-detachedTerracedFlats and apartmentsCaravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboatsShared between households [1]
(ward)3399721,2172,065122
2011 Census households
WardPopulationHouseholds% Owned outright% Owned with a loanhectares [1]
(ward)10,3304,8533135427

Places of worship

St Mary's parish church, Teddington St Mary's Teddington, church.JPG
St Mary's parish church, Teddington
The north side of Bushy House, Teddington, in 2007. Its residents included Queen Adelaide, widow of William IV, and Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours Npl bushy house 2.JPG
The north side of Bushy House, Teddington, in 2007. Its residents included Queen Adelaide, widow of William IV, and Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours

Notable residents

Only notable people with entries on Wikipedia have been included. Their birth or residence has been verified by citations.

Living people

Historical figures

Noel Coward, 1972
Photograph by Allan Warren Noel Coward Allan warren edit 1.jpg
Noël Coward, 1972
Photograph by Allan Warren

Notes and references

  1. 1 2 3 Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density Archived 11 February 2003 at the Wayback Machine United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 20 December 2013
  2. "Teddington named best place to live in London 2021". The Sunday Times . 26 March 2021. Retrieved 9 February 2022.
  3. Buchanan, Clare (26 June 2013). "Media group plots move to Teddington". Richmond Guardian. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  4. Sheaf, John; Howe, Ken (1995). Hampton and Teddington Past, Historical Publications. ISBN   0-948667-25-7 p. 9
  5. 1 2 "The Story of Bushy House". National Physical Laboratory . Retrieved 7 October 2022.
  6. "Bushy Park". Twickenham Museum . Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  7. Map of the parish
  8. Reynolds, Susan (ed.) (1962) "Twickenham: Introduction", in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3, Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington London: Victoria County History, pp. 139–147. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  9. Jerrold, Clare A. (1914). The Story of Dorothy Jordan. Eveleigh Nash.
  10. Thacker, Frederick S. (1968) [1920], The Thames Highway, II: Locks and Weirs (Newton Abbot: David & Charles)
  11. "Table of population, 1801–1901". British History Online.
  12. "About the Landmark Arts Centre" (PDF). Landmark Arts Centre . Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  13. "Teddington Cemetery". Cemeteries. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames . Retrieved 1 December 2022.
  14. Buchanan, Clare (20 April 2013). "Teddington suffragette attack remembered 100 years on". Richmond and Twickenham Times . Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  15. Teddington Memorial Hospital Archived 21 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  16. Cullen, Pamela V. A Stranger in Blood: The Case Files on Dr John Bodkin Adams (London: Elliott & Thompson, 2006; ISBN   1-904027-19-9).
  17. Buchanan, Clare (14 October 2013). "Teddington Society celebrates 40th anniversary, then gets straight back to work". Richmond Guardian. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  18. Collis School, St Marys & St Peters, Sacred Heart RC School, Stanley Juniors Archived 2007-08-16 at the Wayback Machine , Stanley Infants Archived 2007-11-12 at the Wayback Machine .
  19. Teddington School
  20. "Teddington: Schools Pages 81–82 A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3, Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1962". British History Online.
  21. "Landmark Arts Centre". Teddington Town. 22 October 2017.
  22. Teddington Cricket Club
  23. Teddington Hockey Club
  24. Egan, Travie; Connolly, Helen (2005). Field hockey: rules, tips, strategy, and safety. The Rosen Publishing Group. ISBN   978-1-4042-0182-8.
  25. Buses from Teddington Transport for London
  26. Teed, Paul (19 September 2012). "Teddington's Mo Farah to be granted freedom of Richmond". Richmond and Twickenham Times . Retrieved 19 September 2012.
  27. "Profile: Andrew Gilligan". BBC News . 30 January 2004. Retrieved 7 October 2022.
  28. Adams, Fiona (July 2013). "Page to Stage". Richmond Magazine.
  29. D'Souza, Christa (25 July 2003). "Not just a pouty face" . The Telegraph . Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  30. "Teddington based creator of Line of Duty backs Landmark campaign". Teddington Nub News. 28 April 2020. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  31. "Royal Richmond timeline". Local history timelines. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. 1 April 2022. Retrieved 1 December 2022.
  32. "Luffmann Atterbury". Twickenham Museum . Retrieved 7 October 2022.
  33. Boyes, Valerie (2012). Royal Minstrels to Rock and Roll; 500 years of music-making in Richmond. London: Museum of Richmond.
  34. "Blue Plaques in Richmond upon Thames". Visit Richmond. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames . Retrieved 1 December 2022.
  35. Teed, Paul (24 July 2011). "Chairwoman of Friends of Teddington Memorial Hospital honoured with portrait". Richmond and Twickenham Times . Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  36. Historic England (7 January 2011). "Teddington Library (1396400)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 7 October 2022.
  37. "Oxford Reference: Dorothy Edwards". Oxford University Press. 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  38. Egmont: Dorothy Edwards biography
  39. "Dr Stephen Hales. Scientist, philanthropist & curate of Teddington". Twickenham Museum . Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  40. Patterson, H M (5 October 2007). "Readers' Letters: Benny Hill's statue should be in Southampton". Southern Daily Echo . Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  41. "Residences of the French Royal House of Orleans" (PDF). Local History Notes. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames . Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  42. Buchanan, Clare (22 April 2013). "Teddington plaque pledge for South African poet Eugene Marais". Richmond and Twickenham Times . Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  43. Murray-Smith, S. Selfe, Norman (1839–1911). Australian Dictionary of Biography . National Centre of Biography at the Australian National University . Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  44. Smurthwaite, Nick (14 February 2012). "John Thaxter". The Stage . Retrieved 21 February 2022.
  45. "Teddington: Manor House, The Grove and other houses demolished in the 19th and 20th c". Twickenham Museum . Retrieved 30 June 2020.

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