East Sheen

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East Sheen
East Sheen - geograph.org.uk - 730.jpg
The Triangle and Upper Richmond Road
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
East Sheen
Location within Greater London
Area5.84 km2 (2.25 sq mi)
Population10,348 (East Sheen ward 2011) [1]
  Density 1,772/km2 (4,590/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ2075
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SW14
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°27′50″N0°15′58″W / 51.464°N 0.266°W / 51.464; -0.266 Coordinates: 51°27′50″N0°15′58″W / 51.464°N 0.266°W / 51.464; -0.266

East Sheen, also known as Sheen, is an affluent suburb [2] of South London in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.

London Borough of Richmond upon Thames London borough in United Kingdom

The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in south-west London, England, forms part of Outer London and is the only London borough on both sides of the River Thames. It was created in 1965 when three smaller council areas amalgamated under the London Government Act 1963. It is governed by Richmond upon Thames London Borough Council and is divided into nineteen wards.

Contents

Its long high street has goods stores, convenience services, offices, restaurants, cafés, pubs and suburban supermarkets and is also the economic hub for Mortlake of which East Sheen was once a manor. This commercial thoroughfare, well served by public transport, is the Upper Richmond Road West which connects Richmond to Putney. Central to this street is The Triangle, a traffic island with a war memorial and an old milestone [3] dating from 1751, marking the ten-mile distance to Cornhill in the City of London. [4]

High Street generic primary business street of towns or cities

High Street is a metonym for the concept of the primary business street of towns or cities, especially in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth of Nations. To distinguish it from "centres" of nearby places it is frequently preceded unofficially by the name of its settlement. In a town it implies the focal point for business, especially shops and street stalls in town and city centres. As a generic shorthand presupposed upon linear settlements it may be used to denote more precise concepts such as the urban retail sector, town centre sectors of employment, all small shops and services outlets and even wider concepts taking in social concepts.

Mortlake district of London, England

Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, watermen and a great tapestry works. A London landmark, the former Mortlake Brewery or Stag Brewery, is on the edge of Mortlake.

Manor Estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a manorial court

A manor in English law is an estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a court termed court baron, that is to say a manorial court. The proper unit of tenure under the feudal system is the fee, on which the manor became established through the process of time, akin to the modern establishment of a "business" upon a freehold site. The manor is nevertheless often described as the basic feudal unit of tenure and is historically connected with the territorial divisions of the march, county, hundred, parish and township.

The main railway station serving the area, Mortlake, is centred 300m north of this. Sheen has a mixture of low-rise and mid-rise buildings and it has parks and open spaces including its share of Richmond Park, accessed via Sheen Gate; Palewell Common, which has a playground, playing fields, tennis courts and a pitch and putt course; and East Sheen Common which is owned by the National Trust [3] and leads into Bog Gate, another gate of Richmond Park.

Mortlake railway station railway station is in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, England

Mortlake railway station is in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, in south London, and is in Travelcard Zone 3. It is 8 miles 21 chains (13.3 km) down the line from London Waterloo.

Richmond Park Royal Park in London, England

Richmond Park, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, was created by Charles I in the 17th century as a deer park. The largest of London's Royal Parks, it is of national and international importance for wildlife conservation. The park is a national nature reserve, a Site of Special Scientific Interest and a Special Area of Conservation and is included, at Grade I, on Historic England's Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England. Its landscapes have inspired many famous artists and it has been a location for several films and TV series.

Pitch and putt Game derived from golf in Ireland in 1929

Pitch and putt is an amateur sport very similar to, and derived from, golf, where the hole length is typically up to 90 metres (100 yd) and just 2-3 clubs are typically used. Invented in Ireland in 1929, and developed through the 1940s, it is now played in dozens of countries and has two world governing bodies.

Etymology

The earliest recorded use of the name is c. 950 as Sceon and means shed or shelters. The area was designated separately from Sheen (an earlier name for Richmond) from the 13th century, as the southern manor of Mortlake. [5]

Richmond, London town in London, England

Richmond is a suburban town in south-west London, 8.2 miles (13.2 km) west-southwest of Charing Cross. It is on a meander of the River Thames, with a large number of parks and open spaces, including Richmond Park, and many protected conservation areas, which include much of Richmond Hill. A specific Act of Parliament protects the scenic view of the River Thames from Richmond.

Local Politics

East Sheen is located within the Richmond Park constituency. The Member of Parliament is Zac Goldsmith of the Conservative Party. He served as the MP from 2010-2016 and resigned in protest to the Government's plan to expand Heathrow Airport in late 2016. The by-election saw Liberal Democrat Sarah Olney win the seat. In the 2017 General Election, Zac gained the seat off of Olney by 45 votes.

Zac Goldsmith British politician and journalist

Frank Zacharias Robin Goldsmith is a British politician and journalist serving as the Member of Parliament for Richmond Park since 2017, previously holding the seat between 2010 and 2016. A member of the Conservative Party, he was its candidate at the 2016 London mayoral election, which he lost to Sadiq Khan of the Labour Party. Ideologically characterised as having liberal and libertarian views, Goldsmith is known for his environmentalist and localist beliefs.

Sarah Olney British politician

Sarah Jane Olney is a British Liberal Democrat politician and an accountant. She was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Richmond Park for six months from a by-election in December 2016 to the general election in June 2017, having won the seat from the Conservatives.

Locally, East Sheen has traditionally been seen as a safe Conservative ward, with the main challengers being from the Liberal Democrats. Every four years, residents elect a three councillors to Richmond upon Thames Council.

East Sheen - 2018 result
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Brian Marcel 2,026
Liberal Democrat Mona Adams 1,982
Conservative Seamus Joyce 1,979
Conservative Robert Thompson1,928
Liberal Democrat Julia Cambridge1,927
Liberal Democrat James Heath1,724
Labour Deborah Genders276
Labour Giles Oakley244
Labour Rowan Woodward176
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing
Conservative hold Swing
East Sheen - 2014 result
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Lord True 2,159
Conservative Brian Marcel 2,128
Conservative Robert Thompson 1,995
Liberal Democrat Timothy Catchpole790
Liberal Democrat Nicola Macbean625
Liberal Democrat Helena Lang586
Green Simon Hegarty561
Labour David Miles410
Labour Elisabeth Turner-Morris404
Labour Mike Freedman393
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative hold Swing

History

Manor and hamlet status

East Sheen was a hamlet in the parish of Mortlake:

East-Sheen is a pleasant hamlet in this parish, situated on a rising ground considerably above the level of the river. It contains about ninety houses. Here are several handsome villas; the vicinity to Richmond-park, and the beauty of the surrounding country, making it a desirable situation.

'Mortlake', The Environs of London 1792, Daniel Lysons [6]

Earliest references specifically to the present area of land, rather than references to parts of Mortlake, emerge in the 13th century, generally under its early name of Westhall. Originally one carucate, it was sold in 1473 by Michael Gaynsford and Margaret his wife in the right of Margaret to William Welbeck, citizen and haberdasher, of London. The Welbecks held it until selling in 1587. Later owners of what remained, the Whitfields, Juxons and Taylors were equally not titled, as with Mortlake's manorial owners, nor had an above average size or lavish manor house. [7]

Carucate Medieval land unit from England and Scotland

The carucate or carrucate was a medieval unit of land area approximating the land a plough team of eight oxen could till in a single annual season. It was known by different regional names and fell under different forms of tax assessment.

Haberdasher person who sells small articles for sewing

A haberdasher is a person who sells small articles for sewing, such as buttons, ribbons and zippers, or a men's outfitter, often providing one of custom bespoke orders of various requirements, in particular neckties. The sewing articles are called haberdashery, or "notions".

Manor house country house that historically formed the administrative centre of a manor

A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor. The house formed the administrative centre of a manor in the European feudal system; within its great hall were held the lord's manorial courts, communal meals with manorial tenants and great banquets. The term is today loosely applied to various country houses, frequently dating from the late medieval era, which formerly housed the gentry.

Development of the Temple Grove, Palmerston country estate
Prime Minister Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston sold the southern purported manor to private developers as a young man. Lord Palmerston 1855.jpg
Prime Minister Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston sold the southern purported manor to private developers as a young man.

The southern estate of Temple Grove, East Sheen, first belonged to Sir Abraham Cullen, who was created a baronet in 1661. He died in 1668, and his first son Sir John in 1677. His second son Sir Rushout Cullen seems to have sold the estate shortly afterwards to Sir John Temple, attorney-general of Ireland, brother to Sir William Temple, diplomat and author, who was earlier of adjoining West Sheen, giving the home his name. It belonged to the Temples until Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, who later would serve as Foreign Secretary and Prime Minister, sold it soon after coming of age in 1805. It was bought by Sir Thomas Bernard, who rebuilt the Jacobean style front of the house shown in a drawing hung in the house of 1611. Sir Thomas sold it about 1811 to Rev. William Pearson who founded the Temple Grove Preparatory School for boys. The school moved in 1907 to Eastbourne and the estate was given over to house and apartment builders. [7]

East Sheen was included in the Metropolitan Police District in 1840.

Before 1900, Mortlake developed a secular vestry to help administer poor relief, maintain roads, ditches and other affairs. [8] From 1892 to 1894 Mortlake (including East Sheen) formed part of the expanded Municipal Borough of Richmond. [9] In 1894, nearby North Sheen was created as a civil parish, being split off from Mortlake and remaining in the Municipal Borough of Richmond. [10] The remainder of Mortlake (including East Sheen) was instead transferred to the Barnes Urban District, [11] which became the Municipal Borough of Barnes in 1932.

In 1965 North Sheen was incorporated into Kew [12] which, with the rest of the Municipal Borough of Richmond, joined the Municipal Borough of Twickenham and the Municipal Borough of Barnes to form the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. In the wards of the United Kingdom, Sheen has the largest share of Richmond Park of its surrounding five wards.

Economy

East Sheen concentrates its commercial area to the main through street: its long high street has transport/furniture/hardware stores, convenience services, offices, restaurants, cafés and pubs [13] and suburban supermarkets and is also the economic hub for Mortlake of which East Sheen was once a manor. This wide-footpath street with bus lanes is the Upper Richmond Road West which connects Richmond to Putney. Central to this street is The Triangle, a tree-lined traffic island with a war memorial and an old milestone [3] at the intersection of Upper Richmond Road West with Sheen Lane. The main railway station serving the area, Mortlake, is centred 300m north of this. [14]

Churches

Christ Church, East Sheen Christ Church - geograph.org.uk - 748.jpg
Christ Church, East Sheen
Entrance to air-raid shelter at St Leonard's Court Entrance to air-raid shelter, St Leonard's Court.jpg
Entrance to air-raid shelter at St Leonard's Court

East Sheen lies in the ecclesiastical parish of Mortlake with East Sheen. In addition to the Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin the district has two daughter churches: Christ Church, and All Saints. Christ Church, situated near the crossroads of Christchurch Road and West Temple Sheen, was built by Arthur Blomfield on land formerly part of a farm at the entrance to Sheen Common in the 1860s. It was originally planned to be opened in April 1863; however, the tower collapsed shortly before completion and had to be rebuilt. The church was finally completed and consecrated nine months later, on 13 January 1864. [15]

All Saints was built on land bequeathed under the will of Major Shepherd-Cross, MP for Bolton who lived at nearby Palewell Lodge from 1896 until his death in 1913. The church was consecrated on All Saints' Day 1929, a year and two days after the foundation stone was laid by Elizabeth, Duchess of York (later Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother). [15]

East Sheen has three other churches: East Sheen Baptist Church, Parkside Community Church and Christian City Church, which meets at Hampton Works on Sheen Lane. [16]

East Sheen has no separate Roman Catholic church; the church of St Mary Magdalen Mortlake and Our Lady Queen of Peace Church, Richmond also serve East Sheen.

Other notable features

There is a Grade II-listed air-raid shelter, dating from before the Second World War, at St Leonard's Court, a block of flats on St Leonard's Road, near Mortlake railway station. [17]

Notable residents

Living people

Mosaic by Sue Edkins at Sheen Lane Centre honouring Tim Berners-Lee Tim Berners-Lee- Mosaic by Sue Edkins at Sheen Lane Centre.jpg
Mosaic by Sue Edkins at Sheen Lane Centre honouring Tim Berners-Lee

Historical figures

George Eliot George Eliot, por Francois D'Albert Durade.jpg
George Eliot
Richard Dimbleby lived in a flat at Cedar Court RICHARD DIMBLEBY - Cedar Court Sheen Lane East Sheen London SW14 8LY - 02.jpg
Richard Dimbleby lived in a flat at Cedar Court
Marc Bolan, 1973 Marc Bolan In Concert 1973.jpg
Marc Bolan, 1973

Education

Schools in the area include: Richmond Park Academy; Tower House Boys' Preparatory School, a small independent prep-school for boys aged 4–13; East Sheen Primary School, a state school on Upper Richmond Road West; Sheen Mount School, a state primary school on West Temple; and Thomson House School, located on Vernon Road.

Transport

The area is served by Mortlake railway station, which is 300m north of The Triangle and can be accessed from Sheen Lane. Transport for London bus routes are:

Demography and housing

2011 Census homes
WardDetachedSemi-detachedTerracedFlats and apartmentsCaravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboatsShared between households [1]
(ward)4711,1291,3101,192049
2011 Census households
WardPopulationHouseholds% Owned outright% Owned with a loanhectares [1]
(ward)10,3484,2523535584

East Sheen in art

The Triangle in East Sheen is the subject of a painting, The Triangle, Sheen Lane, East Sheen, Surrey by James Isaiah Lewis (1861–1934), which is in the Richmond upon Thames Borough Art Collection and is held at Orleans House Gallery in Twickenham. [47]

See also

Related Research Articles

Barnes, London District in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, England

Barnes is a district in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It takes up the extreme northeast of the borough, and as such is the closest part of the borough to central London. It is centred 5.3 miles (8.5 km) west south-west of Charing Cross in a bend of the River Thames.

Kew suburban district in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames

Kew is a district in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north-east of Richmond and 7.1 miles (11.4 km) west by south-west of Charing Cross; its population at the 2011 Census was 11,436.

Twickenham Suburban area in South West London, England

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Municipal Borough of Barnes

Barnes was a local government district in north west Surrey from 1894 to 1965.

Whitton, London town in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, London, England

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Barnes railway station railway station in London

Barnes railway station is in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, in south London, and is in Travelcard Zone 3. The station and all trains serving it are operated by South Western Railway.

North Sheen railway station

North Sheen railway station is in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, in southwest London, and is in Travelcard Zone 3. The station, on the eastern edge of Richmond, is named after the North Sheen area which, in 1965, was absorbed by Kew. It is 9 miles 3 chains (14.5 km) down the line from London Waterloo.

Richmond Park (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

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Christ Church, East Sheen Church in United Kingdom

Christ Church, East Sheen is a Church of England church on Christ Church Road, East Sheen, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. Its vicar is Rev David Guest. Sunday services are held at 8am and 10am, with baptisms on the first Sunday of the month at noon. Evensong is held at 5pm.

St Leonards Court four-storey block of flats in East Sheen, London

St Leonard's Court is a four-storey block of flats on Palmers Road, off St Leonard's Road in East Sheen, London SW14 in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, 0.2 miles' walk from Mortlake railway station. It was constructed between 1934 and 1938 and is remarkable for its surviving underground air raid shelter, built in anticipation of the Second World War and now Grade II listed.

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