Premier of New South Wales

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Premier of New South Wales
Coat of Arms of New South Wales.svg
Flag of New South Wales.svg
Flag of New South Wales
Gladys Berejiklian Crop P1060782.jpg
Incumbent
Gladys Berejiklian

since 23 January 2017
Department of Premier and Cabinet
Style The Honourable
Appointer Governor of New South Wales
Term length At the Governor's pleasure
Inaugural holder Stuart Donaldson
Formation6 June 1856

The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of New South Wales, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Government of New South Wales state government of New South Wales, Australia

The Government of New South Wales, also referred to as the New South Wales Government or NSW Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of New South Wales. It is currently held by a coalition of the Liberal Party and the National Party. The Government of New South Wales, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1856 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, New South Wales has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, New South Wales ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.

Contents

Prior to Federation in 1901 the term "Prime Minister of New South Wales" was also used. "Premier" has been used more or less exclusively from 1901, to avoid confusion with the federal Prime Minister of Australia. [1] [2]

Federation of Australia process by which six separate British self-governing colonies became the country of Australia

The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia. Fiji and New Zealand were originally part of this process, but they decided not to join the federation. Following federation, the six colonies that united to form the Commonwealth of Australia as states kept the systems of government that they had developed as separate colonies, but they also agreed to have a federal government that was responsible for matters concerning the whole nation. When the Constitution of Australia came into force, on 1 January 1901, the colonies collectively became states of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Prime Minister of Australia executive head of the Government of Australia

The Prime Minister of Australia is the head of government of Australia. The individual who holds the office is the most senior Minister of State, the leader of the Federal Cabinet. The Prime Minister also has the responsibility of administering the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, and is the chair of the National Security Committee and the Council of Australian Governments. The office of Prime Minister is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia but exists through Westminster political convention. The individual who holds the office is commissioned by the Governor-General of Australia and at the Governor-General's pleasure subject to the Constitution of Australia and constitutional conventions.

The current Premier is Gladys Berejiklian, the Leader of the New South Wales Liberal Party, who assumed office on 23 January 2017. Berejiklian replaced Mike Baird on 23 January 2017, after Baird resigned as Premier.

Gladys Berejiklian Australian politician

Gladys Berejiklian is an Australian politician serving as the 45th and current Premier of New South Wales and the Leader of the New South Wales Liberal Party, offices which she assumed on 23 January 2017 following the resignation of Mike Baird. She has been a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly since 2003, representing the seat of Willoughby.

Mike Baird New South Wales politician and premier

Michael Bruce Baird is an Australian investment banker and former politician who was the 44th Premier of New South Wales, the Minister for Infrastructure, the Minister for Western Sydney, and the Leader of the New South Wales Liberal Party from April 2014 to January 2017.

List of Premiers of New South Wales

No.Name
(lifespan)
PortraitTerm of OfficePartyConstituencyMinistryElection(s)
1 Stuart Donaldson
(1812–1867)
Stuart A. Donaldson.jpg 6 June 185625 August 1856No party Sydney Hamlets Donaldson 1856
2 Charles Cowper
(1807–1875)
Charlescowper.jpg 26 August 18562 October 1856No party Sydney Cowper I
3 Henry Parker
(1808–1881)
Henry Watson Parker.jpg 3 October 18567 September 1857No party Parramatta Parker
(2) II Charles Cowper
(1807–1875)
Charlescowper.jpg 7 September 185726 October 1859No party Sydney
East Sydney
Cowper II 1858
1859
4 William Forster
(1818–1882)
PremierWilliamForster.jpg 27 October 18599 March 1860No party Queanbeyan Forster
5 John Robertson
(1816–1891)
Sir John Robertson.jpg 9 March 18609 January 1861No party Upper Hunter Robertson I 1860
(2) III Charles Cowper
(1807–1875)
Charlescowper.jpg 10 January 186115 October 1863No party East Sydney Cowper III 1860
6 James Martin
(1820–1886)
SirJamesMartin.jpg 16 October 18632 February 1865No party Tumut
Monaro
Martin I 1864–65
(2) IV Charles Cowper
(1807–1875)
Charlescowper.jpg 3 February 186521 January 1866No party East Sydney Cowper IV 1864–65
(6) II James Martin
(1820–1886)
SirJamesMartin.jpg 22 January 186626 October 1868No party Lachlan Martin II
(5) II John Robertson
(1816–1891)
Sir John Robertson.jpg 27 October 186812 January 1870No party Clarence
West Sydney
Robertson II 1869–70
(2) V Charles Cowper
(1807–1875)
Charlescowper.jpg 13 January 187015 December 1870No party Liverpool Plains Cowper V
(6) III Sir James Martin
(1820–1886)
SirJamesMartin.jpg 16 December 187013 May 1872No party East Sydney
East Macquarie
Martin III 1872
7 Henry Parkes
(1815–1896)
Henryparkes.jpg 14 May 18728 February 1875No party East Sydney Parkes I 1872
1874–75
(5) III John Robertson
(1816–1891)
Sir John Robertson.jpg 9 February 187521 March 1877No party West Sydney Robertson III 1874–75
(7) II Henry Parkes
(1815–1896)
Henryparkes.jpg 22 March 187716 August 1877No party East Sydney
Canterbury
Parkes II
(5) IV Sir John Robertson
(1816–1891)
Sir John Robertson.jpg 17 August 187717 December 1877No party West Sydney
East Macquarie
Mudgee
Robertson IV 1877
8 James Farnell
(1825–1888)
JamesFarnell.jpg 18 December 187720 December 1878No party St Leonards Farnell
(7) III Sir Henry Parkes
(1815–1896)
Henryparkes.jpg 21 December 18784 January 1883No party Canterbury
East Sydney
Tenterfield
Parkes III 1880
1882
9 Alexander Stuart
(1824–1886)
Alexander Stuart Federation Conference 1884.jpg 5 January 18836 October 1885No party Illawarra Stuart
10 George Dibbs
(1834–1904)
George Dibbs Federation Conference 1884.jpg 7 October 188521 December 1885No party St Leonards
Murrumbidgee
Dibbs I 1885
(5) V Sir John Robertson
(1816–1891)
Sir John Robertson.jpg 22 December 188522 February 1886No party Mudgee Robertson V
11 Sir Patrick Jennings
(1831–1897)
Patrick Jennings.jpg 26 February 188619 January 1887No party Bogan Jennings 1887
(7) IV Sir Henry Parkes
(1815–1896)
Henryparkes.jpg 25 January 188716 January 1889 Free Trade St Leonards Parkes IV 1887
(10) II George Dibbs
(1834–1904)
George Dibbs Federation Conference 1884.jpg 17 January 18897 March 1889 Protectionist Murrumbidgee Dibbs II 1889
(7) V Sir Henry Parkes
(1815–1896)
Henryparkes.jpg 8 March 188923 October 1891Free Trade St Leonards Parkes V 1889
(10) III George Dibbs
(1834–1904)
George Dibbs Federation Conference 1884.jpg 23 October 18912 August 1894Protectionist Murrumbidgee Dibbs III 1891
1894
12 George Reid
(1845–1918)
George Reid cph.3c31684.jpg 3 August 189413 September 1899Free Trade East Sydney
Sydney-King
Reid 1894
1895
1898
13 Sir William Lyne
(1844–1913)
Williamlyne.jpg 14 September 189927 March 1901Protectionist Hume Lyne
14 Sir John See
(1844–1907)
JohnSee.jpg 28 March 190114 June 1904 Progressive Grafton See 1901
15 Thomas Waddell
(1854–1940)
Thomas Waddell.jpg 15 June 190429 August 1904Progressive Cowra Waddell 1904
16 Sir Joseph Carruthers
(1857–1932)
Joseph Carruthers.png 29 August 19041 October 1907 Liberal Reform St George Carruthers 1904
17 Charles Wade
(1863–1922)
SirCharlesWade.gif 2 October 19071 October 1910Liberal Reform Gordon Wade 1907
1910
18 James McGowen
(1855–1922)
James McGowen Premier.png 21 October 191029 June 1913Labor Redfern McGowen 1910
19 William Holman
(1871–1934)
William Holman 1919.jpg 30 June 191315 November 1916Labor Cootamundra Holman I 1913
1917
1920
15 November 191612 April 1920 Nationalist Holman II
20 John Storey
(1869–1921)
John Storey cropped.jpg 13 April 19205 October 1921Labor Balmain Storey 1920
21 James Dooley
(1877–1950)
JamesDooleySpeaker.jpg 5 October 192120 December 1921Labor Bathurst Dooley I
22 Sir George Fuller
(1861–1940)
George fuller.jpg 20 December 192120 December 1921Nationalist Wollondilly Fuller I
(21) II James Dooley
(1877–1950)
JamesDooleySpeaker.jpg 20 December 192113 April 1922Labor Bathurst Dooley II 1922
(22) II Sir George Fuller
(1861–1940)
George fuller.jpg 13 April 192217 June 1925Nationalist Wollondilly Fuller II 1922
1925
23 Jack Lang
(1876–1975)
JackLang.jpg 17 June 192518 October 1927Labor Parramatta Lang I
Lang II
1925
1927
24 Thomas Bavin
(1874–1941)
Thomas Bavin.jpg 18 October 19274 November 1930Nationalist Gordon Bavin 1927
1930
(23) II Jack Lang
(1876–1975)
JackLang.jpg 4 November 193016 May 1932Labor Auburn Lang III 1930
25 Bertram Stevens
(1889–1973)
Bertram Stevens.jpg 16 May 19325 August 1939 United Australia Croydon Stevens I
Stevens II
Stevens III
1932
1935
1938
26 Alexander Mair
(1889–1969)
Alexander mair.jpg 5 August 193916 May 1941United Australia Albury Mair 1941
27 William McKell
(1891–1985)
Williammckell.jpg 16 May 19416 February 1947Labor Redfern McKell I
McKell II
1941
1944
28 James McGirr
(1890–1957)
JamesMcGirr1947.jpg 6 February 19472 April 1952Labor Bankstown
Liverpool
McGirr I
McGirr II
McGirr III
1947
1950
29 Joseph Cahill
(1891–1959)
JosephCahill1956.jpg 2 April 195222 October 1959Labor Cook's River Cahill I
Cahill II
Cahill III
Cahill IV
1953
1956
1959
30 Bob Heffron
(1890–1978)
BobHeffron1963.jpg 23 October 195930 April 1964Labor Maroubra Heffron I
Heffron II
1962
31 Jack Renshaw
(1909–1987)
JackRenshaw1963.jpg 30 April 196413 May 1965Labor Castlereagh Renshaw 1965
32 Sir Robert Askin
(1907–1981)
Robert Askin 1966.jpg 13 May 19653 January 1975 Liberal Collaroy
Pittwater
Askin I
Askin II
Askin III
Askin IV
Askin V
Askin VI
1965
1968
1971
1973
33 Tom Lewis
(1922–2016)
Thomas Lewis.gif 3 January 197523 January 1976Liberal Wollondilly Lewis I
Lewis II
34 Sir Eric Willis
(1922–1999)
Sir Eric.jpg 23 January 197614 May 1976Liberal Earlwood Willis 1976
35 Neville Wran
(1926–2014)
Neville Wran CNZM (cropped).jpg 14 May 19764 July 1986Labor Bass Hill Wran I
Wran II
Wran III
Wran IV
Wran V
Wran VI
Wran VII
Wran VIII
1976
1981
1984
36 Barrie Unsworth
(1934–)
4 July 198625 March 1988Labor Rockdale Unsworth 1988
37 Nick Greiner
(1947–)
25 March 198824 June 1992Liberal Ku-ring-gai Greiner I
Greiner II
1988
1991
38 John Fahey
(1945–)
24 June 19924 April 1995Liberal Southern Highlands Fahey I
Fahey II
Fahey III
1995
39 Bob Carr
(1947–)
Bob Carr.jpg 4 April 19953 August 2005Labor Maroubra Carr I
Carr II
Carr III
Carr IV
1995
1999
2003
40 Morris Iemma
(1961–)
MorrisIemma.jpg 3 August 20055 September 2008Labor Lakemba Iemma I
Iemma II
2007
41 Nathan Rees
(1968–)
Nathan Rees.jpg 5 September 20084 December 2009Labor Toongabbie Rees
42 Kristina Keneally
(1968–)
Kristina Keneally Portrait 2009.jpg 4 December 200928 March 2011Labor Heffron Keneally 2011
43 Barry O'Farrell
(1959– )
Premier Barry O'Farrell - Flickr - Eva Rinaldi Celebrity and Live Music Photographer.jpg 28 March 201117 April 2014Liberal Ku-ring-gai O'Farrell 2011
44 Mike Baird
(1968–)
The Honourable Mike Baird MP.png 17 April 201423 January 2017Liberal Manly Baird I
Baird II
2015
45 Gladys Berejiklian
(1970–)
Gladys Berejiklian Crop P1060782.jpg 23 January 2017IncumbentLiberal Willoughby Berejiklian 2019

Living former premiers

Nine former premiers are alive, the oldest being Barrie Unsworth (1986–1988, born 1934). The most recent premier to die was Tom Lewis on 25 April 2016. [3]

Barrie John Unsworth is a former Australian politician, representing the Labor Party in the Parliament of New South Wales from 1978 to 1991. He served as the 36th Premier from July 1986 to March 1988.

Tom Lewis (Australian politician) New South Wales politician and Premier

Thomas Lancelot Lewis was a New South Wales politician, Premier of New South Wales and minister in the cabinets of Sir Robert Askin and Sir Eric Willis. He became Premier following Askin's retirement from politics and held the position until he was replaced by Willis in a party vote. Lewis was first elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for the Electoral district of Wollondilly for the Liberal Party in 1957, and served until his resignation in 1978.

NameTerm as premierDate of birthCurrent age
Barrie Unsworth 1986–198816 April 193484 years, 343 days
Nick Greiner 1988–199227 April 194771 years, 332 days
John Fahey 1992–199510 January 194574 years, 74 days
Bob Carr 1995–200528 September 194771 years, 178 days
Morris Iemma 2005–200821 July 196157 years, 247 days
Nathan Rees 2008–200912 February 196851 years, 41 days
Kristina Keneally 2009–201119 December 196850 years, 96 days
Barry O'Farrell 2011–201424 May 195959 years, 305 days
Mike Baird 2014–20171 April 196850 years, 358 days

See also

Deputy Premier of New South Wales

The Deputy Premier of New South Wales is the second-most senior officer in the Government of New South Wales. The Deputy Premiership has been a ministerial portfolio since 1932, and the Deputy Premier is appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Premier.

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Second Baird ministry

The Second Baird ministry was the 95th ministry of the Government of New South Wales, and was led by Mike Baird, the state's 44th Premier. It is the second and subsequent of two occasions when Baird served as Premier.

First Berejiklian ministry

The First Berejiklian ministry was the 96th ministry of the Government of New South Wales, and was led by Gladys Berejiklian, the state's 45th Premier.

References

  1. Mennell, Philip (1892). "Parkes, Hon. Sir Henry"  . The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co via Wikisource.
  2. "Speeches of Sir Henry Parkes, G.G.M.G., M.P., Prime Minister of New South Wales" . Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  3. Murphy, Damien (5 May 2016). "Obituary: Tom Lewis". The Sydney Morning Herald . Retrieved 10 April 2018.