Government of New South Wales

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Government of New South Wales
Coat of Arms of New South Wales.svg
Coat of arms of the State of New South Wales, used for formal and ceremonial purposes.
New South Wales Government logo.svg
Logo of the New South Wales Government and its agencies
Formation
Australian state New South Wales
Website http://www.nsw.gov.au/
Legislative branch
Legislature Parliament of New South Wales;
Meeting place Parliament House
Executive branch
Main organ New South Wales Ministry
Leader Premier
Appointer Governor
Meeting place Parliament House
Judicial branch
Court Supreme Court
Seat Sydney

The Government of New South Wales, also referred to as the New South Wales Government or NSW Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of New South Wales. It is currently held by a coalition of the Liberal Party and the National Party. The Government of New South Wales, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1856 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, New South Wales has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, New South Wales ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.

States and territories of Australia first-level subdivision of Australia

The states and territories are the first-level administrative divisions of the Commonwealth of Australia. They are the second level of government in Australia, located between the federal and local government tiers.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

The Liberal Party of Australia , commonly known as the New South Wales Liberals, is the state division of the Liberal Party of Australia in New South Wales. The party currently governs in New South Wales in coalition with the National Party of Australia (NSW). The party is part of the federal Liberal Party which governs nationally in Coalition with the National Party of Australia.

Contents

Section 109 of the Australian Constitution provides that, where a State law is inconsistent with a federal law, the federal law prevails (to the extent of the inconsistency). The New South Wales Constitution says: "The Legislature shall, subject to the provisions of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, have power to make laws for the peace, welfare, and good government of New South Wales in all cases whatsoever." Initially the Australian states retained significant independence. Over time, however, that independence has been greatly eroded by both the proliferation of Commonwealth Law, and the increasing financial domination of the Commonwealth.[ citation needed ]

In many Commonwealth jurisdictions, the phrase "peace, order, and good government" (POGG) is an expression used in law to express the legitimate objects of legislative powers conferred by statute. The phrase appears in many Imperial Acts of Parliament and Letters Patent, most notably the constitutions of Canada, Australia and formerly New Zealand and South Africa. It is often contrasted with "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness", a spiritually analogous phrase found in the US Declaration of Independence.

Executive and judicial powers

New South Wales is governed according to the principles of the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom. Legislative power rests with the Parliament of New South Wales, which consists of the Crown, represented by the Governor of New South Wales, and the two Houses, the New South Wales Legislative Council (the upper house) and the New South Wales Legislative Assembly (the lower house). Executive power rests formally with the Executive Council, which consists of the Governor and senior ministers. [1]

Westminster system democratic parliamentary system of government

The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom. This term comes from the Palace of Westminster, the seat of the British Parliament. The system is a series of procedures for operating a legislature. It is used, or was once used, in the national and subnational legislatures of most former British Empire colonies upon gaining responsible government, beginning with the first of the Canadian provinces in 1848 and the six Australian colonies between 1855 and 1890. However, some former colonies have since adopted either the presidential system or a hybrid system as their form of government.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, also known simply as Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Parliament of New South Wales legislative body in the Australian state of New South Wales

The Parliament of New South Wales, located in Parliament House on Macquarie Street, Sydney, is the main legislative body in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW). It is a bicameral parliament elected by the people of the state in general elections. The parliament shares law making powers with the Australian Federal Parliament. It is Australia's oldest legislature. The New South Wales Parliament follows the Westminster parliamentary traditions of dress, Green–Red chamber colours and protocol.

The Governor, as representative of the Crown, is the formal repository of power, which is exercised by him or her on the advice of the Premier of New South Wales and the Cabinet. The Premier and Ministers are appointed by the Governor, and hold office by virtue of their ability to command the support of a majority of members of the Legislative Assembly. Judicial power is exercised by the Supreme Court of New South Wales and a system of subordinate courts, but the High Court of Australia and other federal courts have overriding jurisdiction on matters which fall under the ambit of the Australian Constitution.

Premier of New South Wales head of government for the state of New South Wales, Australia

The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of New South Wales, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly.

Supreme Court of New South Wales superior court of New South Wales, Australia

The Supreme Court of New South Wales is the highest state court of the Australian State of New South Wales. It has unlimited jurisdiction within the state in civil matters, and hears the most serious criminal matters. Whilst the Supreme Court is the highest New South Wales court in the Australian court hierarchy, an appeal by special leave can be made to the High Court of Australia.

High Court of Australia supreme court

The High Court of Australia is the supreme court in the Australian court hierarchy and the final court of appeal in Australia. It has both original and appellate jurisdiction, the power of judicial review over laws passed by the Parliament of Australia and the parliaments of the states, and the ability to interpret the Constitution of Australia and thereby shape the development of federalism in Australia.

In 2006, the Sesquicentenary of Responsible Government in New South Wales, the Constitution Amendment Pledge of Loyalty Act 2006 No. 6 was enacted to amend the Constitution Act 1902 to require Members of the New South Wales Parliament and its Ministers to take a pledge of loyalty to Australia and to the people of New South Wales instead of swearing allegiance to the Queen her heirs and successors, and to revise the oaths taken by Executive Councillors. [2] The Act was assented to by the Queen on 3 April 2006.

Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability, the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy. Governments in Westminster democracies are responsible to parliament rather than to the monarch, or, in a colonial context, to the imperial government, and in a republican context, to the president, either in full or in part. If the parliament is bicameral, then the government is responsible first to the parliament's lower house, which is more representative than the upper house, as it has more members and they are always directly elected.

Pledge of Loyalty Act 2006

The Constitution Amendment (Pledge of Loyalty) Act 2006 No 6, was an Act to amend the Constitution Act 1902 to require Members of the New South Wales Parliament and its Ministers to take a pledge of loyalty to Australia and to the people of New South Wales instead of swearing allegiance to the Queen her heirs and successors, and to revise the oaths taken by Executive Councillors. The Act was assented to by the Queen on 3 April 2006.

Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms

Elizabeth II is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.

Ministries

The following individuals serve as government ministers, at the pleasure of the Queen, represented by the Governor of New South Wales. The government ministers are listed in order of seniority as listed on the Parliament of New South Wales website and were sworn on by the Governor with effect from 2 April 2019, [3] [4] while their opposition counterparts are listed to correspond with the government ministers. [5] All Opposition counterparts are members of the Parliament of New South Wales.

MinisterOfficePortraitPartyOpposition
counterpart
OfficePortraitParty
Gladys Berejiklian Premier
Gladys Berejiklian.JPG   Liberal Penny Sharpe Acting Leader of the Opposition Penny Sharpe MLC, Nov 2012.jpg   Labor
John Barilaro Deputy Premier John Barilaro 2016.jpg   National Deputy Leader of the Opposition  Labor
Minister for Regional New South Wales, Industry and Trade David Harris Shadow Minister for Regional Development
Shadow Minister for the Central Coast
  Labor
  Labor
Dominic Perrottet Treasurer   Liberal Ryan Park Shadow Treasurer
Shadow Minister for the Illawarra
  Labor
Paul Toole Minister for Regional Transport and Roads   National Jodi McKay Shadow Minister for Transport, Roads, Maritime and Freight  Labor
Don Harwin, MLC Special Minister of State   Liberal   Labor
Minister for the Public Service and Employee Relations, Aboriginal Affairs and the Arts Walt Secord, MLC Shadow Minister for the Arts
Shadow Minister for the North Coast
  Labor
Vice-President of the Executive Council
Leader of Government Business in the Legislative Council
Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Council
Andrew Constance Minister for Transport and Roads Minister introduces Sydney's first metro train (37069473950).png   Liberal Jodi McKayShadow Minister for Transport, Roads, Maritime and Freight  Labor
Leader of the House  Labor
Brad Hazzard Minister for Health and Medical Research Bradley Hazzard, Lismore, December 2012 (crop).jpg   Liberal Walt SecordShadow Minister for Health  Labor
Tania Mihailuk Shadow Minister for Medical Research  Labor
Rob Stokes Minister for Planning and Public Spaces MP Rob Stokes 2014 (cropped).jpg   Liberal Michael Daley Shadow Minister for Planning and Infrastructure  Labor
Mark Speakman SC Attorney General 150225 MDCC Election Forum Mark Speakman.jpg   Liberal Paul Lynch Shadow Attorney General Hon Paul Lynch MP, Minister for Local Government.jpg   Labor
Minister for the Prevention of Domestic Violence Jenny AitchisonShadow Minister for the Prevention of Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault  Labor
Victor Dominello Minister for Customer Service Dominello with coalition leadership (cropped).JPG   Liberal Clayton Barr Shadow Minister for Finance, Services and Property  Labor
Sarah Mitchell, MLC Minister for Education and Early Childhood Learning SarahMitchell.JPG   National Jihad Dib Shadow Minister for Education  Labor
Kate Washington Shadow Minister for Early Childhood Education
Shadow Minister for the Hunter
  Labor
David Elliott Minister for Police
Minister for Emergency Services
  Liberal Guy Zangari Shadow Minister for Justice and Police
Shadow Minister for Emergency Services
  Labor
Melinda Pavey Minister for Water, Property and Housing Melinda Pavey.jpg   National Chris Minns Shadow Minister for Water  Labor
Clayton BarrShadow Minister for Finance, Services and Property  Labor
Tania MihailukShadow Minister for Social Housing  Labor
Stuart Ayres Minister for Jobs, Investment, Tourism and Western Sydney Stuart Ayres 2015.jpg   Liberal Penny SharpeShadow Minister for Trade, Tourism and Major Events Penny Sharpe MLC, Nov 2012.jpg   Labor
Luke Foley Shadow Minister for Western Sydney Luke Foley MLC (cropped).jpg   Labor
Matt Kean Minister for Energy and Environment   Liberal Adam Searle Shadow Minister for Industry, Resources and Energy Adam Searle Conference 2015 (cropped).jpg   Labor
Penny SharpeShadow Minister for Environment and Heritage Penny Sharpe MLC, Nov 2012.jpg   Labor
Adam Marshall Minister for Agriculture and Western New South Wales Adammarshallmp.jpg   National Mick Veitch Shadow Minister for Primary Industries
Shadow Minister for Western NSW
Mich Veitch MLC.jpg   Labor
Anthony Roberts Minister for Counter Terrorism and Corrections Anthony Roberts 2016.jpg   Liberal Guy ZangariShadow Minister for Corrections  Labor
Shelley Hancock Minister for Local Government Shelley Hancock Official Photo.jpg   Liberal Peter Primrose, MLC Shadow Minister for Local Government Peter Primrose MLC.jpg   Labor
Kevin Anderson Minister for Innovation and Better Regulation   National Yasmin Catley Shadow Minister for Innovation and Better Regulation  Labor
Geoff Lee Minister for Skills and Tertiary Education   Liberal Prue Car Shadow Minister for Skills  Labor
John Sidoti Minister for Sport, Multiculturalism, Seniors and Veterans   Liberal Lynda Voltz Shadow Minister for Sport
Shadow Minister for Veterans Affairs
  Labor
Sophie CotsisShadow Minister for Multiculturalism  Labor
Bronwyn Taylor, MLC Minister for Mental Health, Regional Youth and Women   National Tania MihailukShadow Minister for Mental Health  Labor
Sophie Cotsis Shadow Minister for Women
Shadow Minister for Ageing
  Labor
Gareth Ward Minister for Families, Communities and Disability Services   Liberal Tania MihailukShadow Minister for Family and Community Services  Labor
Sophie CotsisShadow Minister for Disability Services  Labor
Damien Tudehope, MLC Minister for Finance and Small Business   Liberal Jenny Aitchison Shadow Minister for Small Business  Labor

See also

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References

  1. "The Executive Council". www.parliament.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  2. Pledge of Loyalty Act 2006 (NSW)
  3. "Government Notices (30)" (PDF). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales . 2 April 2019. p. 1088-1090. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  4. "Premier announces new Cabinet" (Press release). Premier of New South Wales. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  5. "Shadow Ministry". Members. Parliament of New South Wales. January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.