Coat of arms of the State of New South Wales, used for formal and ceremonial purposes.
Logo of the New South Wales Government and its agencies
|Australian state||New South Wales|
|Legislature|| Parliament of New South Wales;|
|Meeting place||Parliament House, Sydney|
|Organs||Executive Council of New South Wales (de jure) Cabinet (de facto)|
|Appointer||Governor of New South Wales|
|Leader||Premier of New South Wales|
|Meeting place||Parliament House, Sydney|
|Court||Supreme Court of New South Wales|
The Government of New South Wales, also referred to as the New South Wales Government, NSW Government or Her Majesty’s Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of New South Wales. It is currently held by a coalition of the Liberal Party and the National Party. The Government of New South Wales, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1856 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, New South Wales has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, New South Wales ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.
Government in the Commonwealth of Australia is exercised on three levels: federal, states and territories, and local government.
New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In December 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.
The Liberal Party of Australia , commonly known as the New South Wales Liberals, is the state division of the Liberal Party of Australia in New South Wales. The party currently governs in New South Wales in coalition with the National Party of Australia (NSW). The party is part of the federal Liberal Party which governs nationally in Coalition with the National Party of Australia.
Section 109 of the Australian Constitution provides that, where a State law is inconsistent with a federal law, the federal law prevails (to the extent of the inconsistency). The New South Wales Constitution says: "The Legislature shall, subject to the provisions of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, have power to make laws for the peace, welfare, and good government of New South Wales in all cases whatsoever." Initially the Australian states retained significant independence. Over time, however, that independence has been greatly eroded by both the proliferation of Commonwealth Law, and the increasing financial domination of the Commonwealth.[ citation needed ]
The Constitution Act 1902 is the founding document of the State of New South Wales, and sets out many of the basic principles of the Government of New South Wales. This act created the foundation of the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches of the Government of New South Wales. The Constitution can only be amended through a referendum of NSW voters.
In many Commonwealth jurisdictions, the phrase "peace, order, and good government" (POGG) is an expression used in law to express the legitimate objects of legislative powers conferred by statute. The phrase appears in many Imperial Acts of Parliament and Letters Patent, most notably the constitutions of Canada, Australia and formerly New Zealand and South Africa.
New South Wales is governed according to the principles of the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom. Legislative power rests with the Parliament of New South Wales, which consists of the Crown, represented by the Governor of New South Wales, and the two Houses, the New South Wales Legislative Council (the upper house) and the New South Wales Legislative Assembly (the lower house). Executive power rests formally with the Executive Council, which consists of the Governor and senior ministers.
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in England, now a constituent country within the United Kingdom. This term comes from the Palace of Westminster, the seat of the British Parliament. The system is a series of procedures for operating a legislature. It is used, or was once used, in the national and subnational legislatures of most former British Empire colonies upon gaining responsible government, beginning with the first of the Canadian provinces in 1848 and the six Australian colonies between 1855 and 1890. However, some former colonies have since adopted either the presidential system or a hybrid system as their form of government.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea separates Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.
The Parliament of New South Wales is a bicameral legislature in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW), consisting of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, and the New South Wales Legislative Council. Each house is directly elected by the people of New South Wales at elections held approximately every four years. The Parliament derives its authority from the Queen of Australia, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, represented by the Governor of New South Wales, who chairs the Executive Council of New South Wales. The parliament shares law making powers with the Australian Federal Parliament. The New South Wales Parliament follows the Westminster parliamentary traditions of dress, Green–Red chamber colours and protocol.
The Governor, as representative of the Crown, is the formal repository of power, which is exercised by him or her on the advice of the Premier of New South Wales and the Cabinet. The Premier and Ministers are appointed by the Governor, and hold office by virtue of their ability to command the support of a majority of members of the Legislative Assembly. Judicial power is exercised by the Supreme Court of New South Wales and a system of subordinate courts, but the High Court of Australia and other federal courts have overriding jurisdiction on matters which fall under the ambit of the Australian Constitution.
The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of New South Wales, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly.
The Supreme Court of New South Wales is the highest state court of the Australian State of New South Wales. It has unlimited jurisdiction within the state in civil matters, and hears the most serious criminal matters. Whilst the Supreme Court is the highest New South Wales court in the Australian court hierarchy, an appeal by special leave can be made to the High Court of Australia.
The High Court of Australia is the supreme court in the Australian court hierarchy and the final court of appeal in Australia. It has both original and appellate jurisdiction, the power of judicial review over laws passed by the Parliament of Australia and the parliaments of the states, and the ability to interpret the Constitution of Australia and thereby shape the development of federalism in Australia.
In 2006, the Sesquicentenary of Responsible Government in New South Wales, the Constitution Amendment Pledge of Loyalty Act 2006 No. 6 was enacted to amend the Constitution Act 1902 to require Members of the New South Wales Parliament and its Ministers to take a pledge of loyalty to Australia and to the people of New South Wales instead of swearing allegiance to the Queen her heirs and successors, and to revise the oaths taken by Executive Councillors.The Act was assented to by the Queen on 3 April 2006.
Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability, the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy. Governments in Westminster democracies are responsible to parliament rather than to the monarch, or, in a colonial context, to the imperial government, and in a republican context, to the president, either in full or in part. If the parliament is bicameral, then the government is responsible first to the parliament's lower house, which is more representative than the upper house, as it usually has more members and they are always directly elected.
The Constitution Amendment (Pledge of Loyalty) Act 2006 No 6, was an Act to amend the Constitution Act 1902 to require Members of the New South Wales Parliament and its Ministers to take a pledge of loyalty to Australia and to the people of New South Wales instead of swearing allegiance to the Queen her heirs and successors, and to revise the oaths taken by Executive Councillors. The Act was assented to by the Queen on 3 April 2006.
Elizabeth II is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
The following individuals serve as government ministers, at the pleasure of the Queen, represented by the Governor of New South Wales. The government ministers are listed in order of seniority as listed on the Parliament of New South Wales website and were sworn on by the Governor with effect from 2 April 2019,while their opposition counterparts are listed to correspond with the government ministers. All Opposition counterparts are members of the Parliament of New South Wales.
|Gladys Berejiklian|| Premier ||Liberal||Jodi McKay||Leader of the Opposition||Labor|
|John Barilaro||Deputy Premier||National||Yasmin Catley||Deputy Leader of the Opposition||Labor|
|Minister for Regional New South Wales, Industry and Trade||Mick Veitch, MLC||Shadow Minister for Industry and Trade|
Shadow Minister for Rural Affairs
Shadow Minister for Western New South Wales
|Dominic Perrottet||Treasurer||Liberal||Walt Secord, MLC||Shadow Treasurer||Labor|
|Paul Toole||Minister for Regional Transport and Roads||National||Mick Veitch, MLC||Shadow Minister for Rural Roads||Labor|
|David Harris||Shadow Minister for Regional Transport|
Shadow Minister for the Central Coast
|Don Harwin, MLC||Special Minister of State||Liberal||Walt Secord, MLC||Shadow Special Minister of State|
Shadow Minister for the Arts
|Minister for the Public Service and Employee Relations, Aboriginal Affairs, and the Arts||Adam Searle, MLC||Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Council|
Shadow Minister for Industrial Relations
|David Harris||Shadow Minister for Aboriginal Affairs and Treaty||Labor|
| Vice-President of the Executive Council |
Leader of Government Business in the Legislative Council
|Penny Sharpe, MLC||Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Council||Labor|
|Andrew Constance||Minister for Transport and Roads||Liberal||Chris Minns||Shadow Minister for Transport||Labor|
|John Graham, MLC||Shadow Minister for Roads||Labor|
|Leader of the House||Ryan Park||Manager of Opposition Business|
Shadow Minister for the Illawarra and South Coast
|Brad Hazzard||Minister for Health and Medical Research||Liberal||Shadow Minister for Health|
|Jenny Aitchison||Shadow Minister for Medical Research||Labor|
|Rob Stokes||Minister for Planning and Public Spaces||Liberal||Adam Searle, MLC||Shadow Minister for Planning and Better Living|
Shadow Minister for the North Coast
|Mark Speakman SC||Attorney General||Liberal||Paul Lynch||Shadow Attorney General||Labor|
|Minister for the Prevention of Domestic Violence||Trish Doyle||Shadow Minister for Women and the Prevention of Domestic and Family Violence||Labor|
|Victor Dominello||Minister for Customer Service||Liberal||Sophie Cotsis||Shadow Minister for Better Public Services||Labor|
|Julia Finn||Shadow Minister for Consumer Protection|
Shadow Minister for Carers
|Sarah Mitchell, MLC||Minister for Education and Early Childhood Learning||National||Prue Car||Shadow Minister for Education||Labor|
|Jodie Harrison||Shadow Minister for Early Childhood Learning||Labor|
|David Elliott||Minister for Police and Emergency Services||Liberal||Lynda Voltz||Shadow Minister for Police and Counter-Terrorism||Labor|
|Trish Doyle||Shadow Minister for Emergency Services||Labor|
|Melinda Pavey||Minister for Water, Property and Housing||National||Ryan Park, MLC||Shadow Minister for Housing and Homelessness||Labor|
|Clayton Barr||Shadow Minister for Water||Labor|
|Tara Moriarty||Shadow Minister for Crown Lands||Labor|
|Stuart Ayres||Minister for Jobs, Investment, Tourism and Western Sydney||Liberal||Greg Warren||Shadow Minister for Western Sydney||Labor|
|Jenny Aitchison||Shadow Minister for Investment and Tourism||Labor|
|Matt Kean||Minister for Energy and Environment||Liberal||Adam Searle, MLC||Shadow Minister for Climate Change and Energy||Labor|
|Paul Scully||Shadow Minister for Natural Resources||Labor|
|Kate Washington||Shadow Minister for Environment and Heritage||Labor|
|Adam Marshall||Minister for Agriculture and Western New South Wales||National||Jenny Aitchison||Shadow Minister for Primary Industries||Labor|
|Anthony Roberts||Minister for Counter Terrorism and Corrections||Liberal||Chris Minns||Shadow Minister for Corrections||Labor|
|Jihad Dib||Shadow Minister for Juvenile Justice|
Shadow Minister Assisting on Multiculturalism
|Shelley Hancock||Minister for Local Government||Liberal||Greg Warren||Shadow Minister for Local Government||Labor|
|Kevin Anderson||Minister for Innovation and Better Regulation||National||Clayton Bar||Shadow Minister for Innovation, Science and Tertiary Education|
Shadow Minister for the Hunter
|John Graham, MLC||Shadow Minister for Music and the Night Time Economy||Labor|
|Geoff Lee||Minister for Skills and Tertiary Education||Liberal||Jihad Dib||Shadow Minister for Skills and TAFE|
Shadow Minister for Youth
|John Sidoti||Minister for Sport, Multiculturalism, Seniors and Veterans||Liberal||Lynda Voltz||Shadow Minister for Sport and Recreation||Labor|
|Jodi McKay||Shadow Minister for Multiculturalism||Labor|
|Greg Warren||Shadow Minister for Veterans||Labor|
|Jo Haylen||Shadow Minister for Seniors and Volunteers|
Shadow Minister for Active Transport
Shadow Minister for the Cost of Living
|Bronwyn Taylor, MLC||Minister for Mental Health, Regional Youth and Women||National||Kate Washington||Shadow Minister for Rural Health||Labor|
|Trish Doyle||Shadow Minister for Women and the Prevention of Domestic and Family Violence||Labor|
|Tara Moriarty, MLC||Shadow Minister for Mental Health||Labor|
|Gareth Ward||Minister for Families, Communities and Disability Services||Liberal||Penny Sharpe, MLC||Shadow Minister for Family and Community Services|
Shadow Minister for Disability Inclusion
|Damien Tudehope, MLC||Minister for Finance and Small Business||Liberal||Daniel Mookhey, MLC||Shadow Minister for Finance and Small Business|
Shadow Minister for the Gig Economy
The Governor of New South Wales is the viceregal representative of the Australian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in the state of New South Wales. In an analogous way to the Governor-General of Australia at the national level, the Governors of the Australian states perform constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level. The governor is appointed by the queen on the advice of the premier of New South Wales, for an unfixed period of time—known as serving At Her Majesty's pleasure—though five years is the norm. The current governor is retired judge Margaret Beazley, who succeeded David Hurley on 2 May 2019.
The Australia Act 1986 is the short title of each of a pair of separate but related pieces of legislation: one an Act of the Commonwealth Parliament of Australia, the other an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. In Australia they are referred to, respectively, as the Australia Act 1986 (Cth) and the Australia Act 1986 (UK). These nearly identical Acts were passed by the two parliaments, because of uncertainty as to whether the Commonwealth Parliament alone had the ultimate authority to do so. The Acts came into effect simultaneously.
Australian constitutional law is the area of the law of Australia relating to the interpretation and application of the Constitution of Australia. Several major doctrines of Australian constitutional law have developed.
The Parliament of Victoria is the bicameral legislature of the Australian state of Victoria that follows a Westminster-derived parliamentary system. It consists of the Queen, represented by the Governor of Victoria, the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council. It has a fused executive drawn from members of both chambers. The Parliament meets at Parliament House in the state capital Melbourne. The current Parliament was elected on 24 November 2018, sworn in on 19 December 2018 and is the 59th parliament in Victoria.
The Government of Western Australia, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government of Western Australia, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of Western Australia. It is also commonly referred to as the WA Government or the Western Australian Government. The Government of Western Australia, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1890 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Western Australia has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Western Australia ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.
The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, SA Government or Her Majesty’s Government is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of South Australia. The Government of South Australia, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1856 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, South Australia has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, South Australia ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.
The Government of Victoria is the executive administrative authority of the Australian state of Victoria.
The Government of Australia is the government of the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. It is also commonly referred to as the Australian Government, the Commonwealth Government, Her Majesty's Government, or the Federal Government.
The law of Australia comprises many levels of codified and uncodified forms of law. These include the Australian Constitution, legislation enacted by the Federal Parliament and the parliaments of the States and territories of Australia, regulations promulgated by the Executive, and the common law of Australia arising from the decisions of judges.
The doctrine of the separation of powers in Australia divides the institutions of government into three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. The legislature makes the laws; the executive put the laws into operation; and the judiciary interprets the laws. The doctrine of the separation of powers is often assumed to be one of the cornerstones of fair government. A strict separation of powers is not always evident in Australia; instead the Australian version of separation of powers combines the basic democratic concepts embedded in the Westminster system, the doctrine of "responsible government" and the United States version of the separation of powers. The issue of separation of powers in Australia has been a contentious one and continues to raise questions about where power lies in the Australian political system.
In Australian constitutional law, Chapter III Courts are courts of law which are a part of the Australian federal judiciary and thus are able to discharge Commonwealth judicial power. They are so named because the prescribed features of these courts are contained in Chapter III of the Australian Constitution.
The politics of Australia take place within the framework of a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Australians elect parliamentarians to the federal Parliament of Australia, a bicameral body which incorporates elements of the fused executive inherited from the Westminster system, and a strong federalist senate, adopted from the United States Congress. Australia largely operates as a two-party system in which voting is compulsory. The Economist Intelligence Unit has rated Australia as a "full democracy" in 2018.
The monarchy of Australia concerns the form of government in which a hereditary king or queen serves as the nation's sovereign and head of state. Australia is governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, largely modelled on the Westminster system of parliamentary government, while incorporating features unique to the Constitution of Australia. The present monarch is Elizabeth II, styled Queen of Australia, who has reigned since 6 February 1952. She is represented in Australia as a whole by the Governor-General, in accordance with the Australian Constitution and letters patent from the Queen, and in each of the Australian states, according to the state constitutions, by a governor, assisted by a lieutenant-governor. The monarch appoints the Governor-General and the governors, on the advice respectively of the Commonwealth government and each state government. These are now almost the only constitutional functions of the monarch with regard to Australia.
The Executive Council of New South Wales is the cabinet of that Australian state, consisting of the Ministers, presided over by the Governor.
The Constitution of Australia is the supreme law under which the government of the Commonwealth of Australia operates, including its relationship to the States of Australia. It consists of several documents. The most important is the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia, which is referred to as the "Constitution" in the remainder of this article. The Constitution was approved in a series of referendums held over 1898–1900 by the people of the Australian colonies, and the approved draft was enacted as a section of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (Imp), an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Constitutional history of Australia began with the first white settlement in Sydney in 1788 and has undergone numerous constitutional changes since.