Coat of arms of the State of New South Wales, used for formal and ceremonial purposes.
Logo of the New South Wales Government and its agencies
|Australian state||New South Wales|
|Legislature|| Parliament of New South Wales;|
|Meeting place||Parliament House|
|Main organ||New South Wales Ministry|
|Meeting place||Parliament House|
The Government of New South Wales, also referred to as the New South Wales Government or NSW Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of New South Wales. It is currently held by a coalition of the Liberal Party and the National Party. The Government of New South Wales, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1856 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, New South Wales has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, New South Wales ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.
The states and territories are the first-level administrative divisions of the Commonwealth of Australia. They are the second level of government in Australia, located between the federal and local government tiers.
New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.
The Liberal Party of Australia , commonly known as the New South Wales Liberals, is the state division of the Liberal Party of Australia in New South Wales. The party currently governs in New South Wales in coalition with the National Party of Australia (NSW). The party is part of the federal Liberal Party which governs nationally in Coalition with the National Party of Australia.
Section 109 of the Australian Constitution provides that, where a State law is inconsistent with a federal law, the federal law prevails (to the extent of the inconsistency). The New South Wales Constitution says: "The Legislature shall, subject to the provisions of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, have power to make laws for the peace, welfare, and good government of New South Wales in all cases whatsoever." Initially the Australian states retained significant independence. Over time, however, that independence has been greatly eroded by both the proliferation of Commonwealth Law, and the increasing financial domination of the Commonwealth.[ citation needed ]
In many Commonwealth jurisdictions, the phrase "peace, order, and good government" (POGG) is an expression used in law to express the legitimate objects of legislative powers conferred by statute. The phrase appears in many Imperial Acts of Parliament and Letters Patent, most notably the constitutions of Canada, Australia and formerly New Zealand and South Africa. It is often contrasted with "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness", a spiritually analogous phrase found in the US Declaration of Independence.
New South Wales is governed according to the principles of the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom. Legislative power rests with the Parliament of New South Wales, which consists of the Crown, represented by the Governor of New South Wales, and the two Houses, the New South Wales Legislative Council (the upper house) and the New South Wales Legislative Assembly (the lower house). Executive power rests formally with the Executive Council, which consists of the Governor and senior ministers.
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom. This term comes from the Palace of Westminster, the seat of the British Parliament. The system is a series of procedures for operating a legislature. It is used, or was once used, in the national and subnational legislatures of most former British Empire colonies upon gaining responsible government, beginning with the first of the Canadian provinces in 1848 and the six Australian colonies between 1855 and 1890. However, some former colonies have since adopted either the presidential system or a hybrid system as their form of government.
The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, also known simply as Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.
The Parliament of New South Wales, located in Parliament House on Macquarie Street, Sydney, is the main legislative body in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW). It is a bicameral parliament elected by the people of the state in general elections. The parliament shares law making powers with the Australian Federal Parliament. It is Australia's oldest legislature. The New South Wales Parliament follows the Westminster parliamentary traditions of dress, Green–Red chamber colours and protocol.
The Governor, as representative of the Crown, is the formal repository of power, which is exercised by him or her on the advice of the Premier of New South Wales and the Cabinet. The Premier and Ministers are appointed by the Governor, and hold office by virtue of their ability to command the support of a majority of members of the Legislative Assembly. Judicial power is exercised by the Supreme Court of New South Wales and a system of subordinate courts, but the High Court of Australia and other federal courts have overriding jurisdiction on matters which fall under the ambit of the Australian Constitution.
The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of New South Wales, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly.
The Supreme Court of New South Wales is the highest state court of the Australian State of New South Wales. It has unlimited jurisdiction within the state in civil matters, and hears the most serious criminal matters. Whilst the Supreme Court is the highest New South Wales court in the Australian court hierarchy, an appeal by special leave can be made to the High Court of Australia.
The High Court of Australia is the supreme court in the Australian court hierarchy and the final court of appeal in Australia. It has both original and appellate jurisdiction, the power of judicial review over laws passed by the Parliament of Australia and the parliaments of the states, and the ability to interpret the Constitution of Australia and thereby shape the development of federalism in Australia.
In 2006, the Sesquicentenary of Responsible Government in New South Wales, the Constitution Amendment Pledge of Loyalty Act 2006 No. 6 was enacted to amend the Constitution Act 1902 to require Members of the New South Wales Parliament and its Ministers to take a pledge of loyalty to Australia and to the people of New South Wales instead of swearing allegiance to the Queen her heirs and successors, and to revise the oaths taken by Executive Councillors.The Act was assented to by the Queen on 3 April 2006.
Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability, the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy. Governments in Westminster democracies are responsible to parliament rather than to the monarch, or, in a colonial context, to the imperial government, and in a republican context, to the president, either in full or in part. If the parliament is bicameral, then the government is responsible first to the parliament's lower house, which is more representative than the upper house, as it has more members and they are always directly elected.
The Constitution Amendment (Pledge of Loyalty) Act 2006 No 6, was an Act to amend the Constitution Act 1902 to require Members of the New South Wales Parliament and its Ministers to take a pledge of loyalty to Australia and to the people of New South Wales instead of swearing allegiance to the Queen her heirs and successors, and to revise the oaths taken by Executive Councillors. The Act was assented to by the Queen on 3 April 2006.
Elizabeth II is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
The following individuals serve as government ministers, at the pleasure of the Queen, represented by the Governor of New South Wales. The government ministers are listed in order of seniority as listed on the Parliament of New South Wales website and were sworn on by the Governor with effect from 2 April 2019,while their opposition counterparts are listed to correspond with the government ministers. All Opposition counterparts are members of the Parliament of New South Wales.
|Gladys Berejiklian|| Premier ||Liberal||Penny Sharpe||Acting Leader of the Opposition||Labor|
|John Barilaro||Deputy Premier||National||Deputy Leader of the Opposition||Labor|
|Minister for Regional New South Wales, Industry and Trade||David Harris||Shadow Minister for Regional Development|
Shadow Minister for the Central Coast
|Dominic Perrottet||Treasurer||Liberal||Ryan Park||Shadow Treasurer|
Shadow Minister for the Illawarra
|Paul Toole||Minister for Regional Transport and Roads||National||Jodi McKay||Shadow Minister for Transport, Roads, Maritime and Freight||Labor|
|Don Harwin, MLC||Special Minister of State||Liberal||Labor|
|Minister for the Public Service and Employee Relations, Aboriginal Affairs and the Arts||Walt Secord, MLC||Shadow Minister for the Arts|
Shadow Minister for the North Coast
| Vice-President of the Executive Council |
Leader of Government Business in the Legislative Council
|Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Council|
|Andrew Constance||Minister for Transport and Roads||Liberal||Jodi McKay||Shadow Minister for Transport, Roads, Maritime and Freight||Labor|
|Leader of the House||Labor|
|Brad Hazzard||Minister for Health and Medical Research||Liberal||Walt Secord||Shadow Minister for Health||Labor|
|Tania Mihailuk||Shadow Minister for Medical Research||Labor|
|Rob Stokes||Minister for Planning and Public Spaces||Liberal||Michael Daley||Shadow Minister for Planning and Infrastructure||Labor|
|Mark Speakman SC||Attorney General||Liberal||Paul Lynch||Shadow Attorney General||Labor|
|Minister for the Prevention of Domestic Violence||Jenny Aitchison||Shadow Minister for the Prevention of Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault||Labor|
|Victor Dominello||Minister for Customer Service||Liberal||Clayton Barr||Shadow Minister for Finance, Services and Property||Labor|
|Sarah Mitchell, MLC||Minister for Education and Early Childhood Learning||National||Jihad Dib||Shadow Minister for Education||Labor|
|Kate Washington||Shadow Minister for Early Childhood Education|
Shadow Minister for the Hunter
|David Elliott|| Minister for Police |
Minister for Emergency Services
|Liberal||Guy Zangari||Shadow Minister for Justice and Police|
Shadow Minister for Emergency Services
|Melinda Pavey||Minister for Water, Property and Housing||National||Chris Minns||Shadow Minister for Water||Labor|
|Clayton Barr||Shadow Minister for Finance, Services and Property||Labor|
|Tania Mihailuk||Shadow Minister for Social Housing||Labor|
|Stuart Ayres||Minister for Jobs, Investment, Tourism and Western Sydney||Liberal||Penny Sharpe||Shadow Minister for Trade, Tourism and Major Events||Labor|
|Luke Foley||Shadow Minister for Western Sydney||Labor|
|Matt Kean||Minister for Energy and Environment||Liberal||Adam Searle||Shadow Minister for Industry, Resources and Energy||Labor|
|Penny Sharpe||Shadow Minister for Environment and Heritage||Labor|
|Adam Marshall||Minister for Agriculture and Western New South Wales||National||Mick Veitch||Shadow Minister for Primary Industries|
Shadow Minister for Western NSW
|Anthony Roberts||Minister for Counter Terrorism and Corrections||Liberal||Guy Zangari||Shadow Minister for Corrections||Labor|
|Shelley Hancock||Minister for Local Government||Liberal||Peter Primrose, MLC||Shadow Minister for Local Government||Labor|
|Kevin Anderson||Minister for Innovation and Better Regulation||National||Yasmin Catley||Shadow Minister for Innovation and Better Regulation||Labor|
|Geoff Lee||Minister for Skills and Tertiary Education||Liberal||Prue Car||Shadow Minister for Skills||Labor|
|John Sidoti||Minister for Sport, Multiculturalism, Seniors and Veterans||Liberal||Lynda Voltz||Shadow Minister for Sport|
Shadow Minister for Veterans Affairs
|Sophie Cotsis||Shadow Minister for Multiculturalism||Labor|
|Bronwyn Taylor, MLC||Minister for Mental Health, Regional Youth and Women||National||Tania Mihailuk||Shadow Minister for Mental Health||Labor|
|Sophie Cotsis||Shadow Minister for Women|
Shadow Minister for Ageing
|Gareth Ward||Minister for Families, Communities and Disability Services||Liberal||Tania Mihailuk||Shadow Minister for Family and Community Services||Labor|
|Sophie Cotsis||Shadow Minister for Disability Services||Labor|
|Damien Tudehope, MLC||Minister for Finance and Small Business||Liberal||Jenny Aitchison||Shadow Minister for Small Business||Labor|
The Governor of New South Wales is the viceregal representative of the Australian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in the state of New South Wales. In an analogous way to the Governor-General of Australia at the national level, the Governors of the Australian states perform constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level. The governor is appointed by the queen on the advice of the premier of New South Wales, for an unfixed period of time—known as serving At Her Majesty's pleasure—though five years is the norm. The current governor is retired General David Hurley, who succeeded Dame Marie Bashir on 2 October 2014.
The Australia Act 1986 is the short title of each of a pair of separate but related pieces of legislation: one an Act of the Commonwealth Parliament of Australia, the other an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. In Australia they are referred to, respectively, as the Australia Act 1986 (Cth) and the Australia Act 1986 (UK). These nearly identical Acts were passed by the two parliaments, because of uncertainty as to whether the Commonwealth Parliament alone had the ultimate authority to do so. The Acts came into effect simultaneously.
Australian constitutional law is the area of the law of Australia relating to the interpretation and application of the Constitution of Australia. Several major doctrines of Australian constitutional law have developed.
The Parliament of Victoria is the bicameral legislature of the Australian state of Victoria. It follows a Westminster-derived parliamentary system and consists of The Queen, represented by the Governor of Victoria; the Legislative Assembly; and the Legislative Council. It has a fused executive drawn from members of both chambers. The Parliament meets at Parliament House in the state capital Melbourne.
The Government of Western Australia, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government of Western Australia, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of Western Australia. It is also commonly referred to as the WA Government or the Western Australian Government. The Government of Western Australia, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1890 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Western Australia has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Western Australia ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.
The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of South Australia. The Government of South Australia, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1856 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, South Australia has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, South Australia ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.
The Government of Victoria is the executive administrative authority of the Australian state of Victoria.
The Government of Australia is the government of the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. It is also commonly referred to as the Australian Government, the Commonwealth Government, Her Majesty's Government, or the Federal Government.
The Parliament of Queensland is the legislature of Queensland, Australia. According to the state's constitution, the Parliament consists of the Queen and the Legislative Assembly. It is the only unicameral state parliament in the country. The upper chamber, the Legislative Council, was abolished in 1922. The Legislative Assembly sits in Parliament House in the state capital, Brisbane.
The law of Australia comprises many levels of codified and uncodified forms of law. These include the Australian Constitution, legislation enacted by the Federal Parliament and the parliaments of the States and territories of Australia, regulations promulgated by the Executive, and the common law of Australia arising from the decisions of judges.
The doctrine of the separation of powers in Australia divides the institutions of government into three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. The legislature makes the laws; the executive put the laws into operation; and the judiciary interprets the laws. The doctrine of the separation of powers is often assumed to be one of the cornerstones of fair government. A strict separation of powers is not always evident in Australia; instead the Australian version of separation of powers combines the basic democratic concepts embedded in the Westminster system, the doctrine of "responsible government" and the United States version of the separation of powers. The issue of separation of powers in Australia has been a contentious one and continues to raise questions about where power lies in the Australian political system.
The monarchy of Australia concerns the form of government in which a hereditary king or queen serves as the nation's sovereign and head of state. Australia is governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, largely modelled on the Westminster system of parliamentary government, while incorporating features unique to the Constitution of Australia. The present monarch is Elizabeth II, styled Queen of Australia, who has reigned since 6 February 1952. She is represented in Australia as a whole by the Governor-General, in accordance with the Australian Constitution and letters patent from the Queen, and in each of the Australian states, according to the state constitutions, by a governor, assisted by a lieutenant-governor. The monarch appoints the Governor-General and the governors, on the advice respectively of the Commonwealth government and each state government. These are now almost the only constitutional functions of the monarch with regard to Australia.
The Executive Council of New South Wales is the cabinet of that Australian state, consisting of the Ministers, presided over by the Governor.
The Constitution of Australia is the supreme law under which the government of the Commonwealth of Australia operates, including its relationship to the States of Australia. It consists of several documents. The most important is the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia, which is referred to as the "Constitution" in the remainder of this article. The Constitution was approved in a series of referendums held over 1898–1900 by the people of the Australian colonies, and the approved draft was enacted as a section of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (Imp), an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Constitutional history of Australia began with the first white settlement in Sydney in 1788 and has undergone numerous constitutional changes since.
Donald Thomas "Don" Harwin, an Australian politician, is the New South Wales Special Minister of State and the Minister for Public Services and Employee Relations and Aboriginal Affairs in the second Berejiklian ministry since April 2019; and the Minister for the Arts, the Vice-President of the Executive Council, and the Leader of the Government in the Legislative Council since January 2017 in the Berejiklian government. Harwin is a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council representing the Liberal Party since 27 March 1999.
Victor Michael Dominello, an Australian politician, is the New South Wales Minister for Customer Service in the second Berejiklian ministry since April 2019. Dominello is a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, representing the electorate of Ryde for the Liberal Party since 2008.