Taree

Last updated

Taree
New South Wales
Pacific Hwy bridge Taree.jpg
The Martin Bridge, which carries traffic over the Manning River
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
Red pog.svg
Taree
Coordinates 31°54′0″S152°27′0″E / 31.90000°S 152.45000°E / -31.90000; 152.45000 Coordinates: 31°54′0″S152°27′0″E / 31.90000°S 152.45000°E / -31.90000; 152.45000
Population25,852 (2016 census) [1]
Established1831
Postcode(s) 2430
Elevation5 m (16 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Mid-Coast Council
State electorate(s) Myall Lakes
Federal Division(s) Lyne
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
24.3 °C
76 °F
12.0 °C
54 °F
1,174.9 mm
46.3 in

Taree is a town on the Mid North Coast, New South Wales, Australia. Taree and nearby Cundletown were settled in 1831 by William Wynter. [2] Since then Taree has grown to a population of almost 26,000, [1] and is the centre of a significant agricultural district. It is 16 km from the Tasman Sea coast, and 317 km north of Sydney. [2] Taree can be reached by train via the North Coast Railway, and by the Pacific Highway. Taree railway station is on the North Coast line of the NSW TrainLink network. It is serviced by six NSW TrainLink trains daily: three heading to Sydney, another three heading North to Grafton, Casino or Brisbane. Taree is within the local government area of Mid-Coast Council, the state electorate of Myall Lakes and the Federal electorate of Lyne.

Mid North Coast Region in New South Wales, Australia

The Mid North Coast is a country region in the north-east of the state of New South Wales, Australia. The region covers the mid to north coast of the state, beginning at Seal Rocks, 275 km (171 mi) north of Sydney, and extending as far north as Woolgoolga, 562 km (349 mi) north of Sydney, a distance of roughly 400 km (250 mi).

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Contents

Name

The name Taree is derived from "tareebit" the local native Biripi word meaning tree by the river, or more specifically, the Sandpaper Fig ( Ficus coronata ). [2]

<i>Ficus coronata</i> species of plant

Ficus coronata, commonly known as the sandpaper fig or creek sandpaper fig, is a species of fig tree, native to Australia. It is found along the east coast from Mackay in Central Queensland, through New South Wales and just into Victoria near Mallacoota. It grows along river banks and gullies in rainforest and open forest. Its common name is derived from its rough sandpapery leaves, which it shares with the other sandpaper figs.

History

Taree was laid out as a private town in 1854 by Henry Flett, the son-in-law of William Wynter who had originally settled the area in 1831. 100 acres (40 ha) had been set aside for the private township and 40 lots were initially sold. Taree was declared a municipality on 26 March 1885 and the first municipal council was elected by the residents. [3] In the early 1800s the road from Newcastle to Port Macquarie came via Gloucester and forded the river near Wingham. Boats could not go further upstream than this due to narrowing of the river and rapids. Hence a town formed at Wingham, about a day's ride from Gloucester. Timber getting, especially cedar, ensured goods were brought to Wingham and then shipped to Newcastle and beyond by boat. Coopernook similarly formed a local shipping hub. In 1844, the government of New South Wales had established Wingham as its administrative centre. When the North Coast railway line came through in 1913, [2] it ended initially at Taree. Even before the rest of the line was completed it became apparent that it was safer to send goods by rail to Newcastle and Sydney rather than hazarding the bar at the outlet to the river at Harrington where many ships had been lost. Although connected to the railway, sea transport continued to dominate along the North Coast until the 1930s. This changed when the Martin Bridge replaced the ferry across the Manning River in 1940. [2] River traffic significantly reduced after this, ensuring Taree's place as the centre of business.

Henry Flett was a Scottish-born Australian politician.

Wingham, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Wingham is a town in the Mid North Coast region of New South Wales, Australia in the Mid-Coast Council area 335 kilometres (208 mi) north of Sydney. According to the 2011 census, Wingham had a population of 5,313.

North Coast railway line, New South Wales railway line in New South Wales, Australia

The North Coast Line is the primary rail route in the Mid North Coast and Northern Rivers regions of New South Wales, Australia, and forms a major part of the Sydney–Brisbane rail corridor.

The oldest surviving building in Taree is the old St Paul's Presbyterian Church, built in 1869 in the Victorian Gothic Revival style, next door to the current building, in Albert Street. [2]

Presbyterian Church of Australia

The Presbyterian Church of Australia (PCA) is the largest Presbyterian denomination in Australia.

Gothic Revival architecture Architectural movement

Gothic Revival is an architectural movement popular in the Western world that began in the late 1740s in England. Its momentum grew in the early 19th century, when increasingly serious and learned admirers of neo-Gothic styles sought to revive medieval Gothic architecture, in contrast to the neoclassical styles prevalent at the time. Gothic Revival draws features from the original Gothic style, including decorative patterns, finials, lancet windows, hood moulds and label stops.

Heritage listings

Taree has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Climate

Taree experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Climate Classification: Cfa). [5] Taree gets around 102.5 sunny days annually.

Humid subtropical climate category in the Köppen climate classification system

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and cool to mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitudes 25° and 40° and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates. While many subtropical climates tend to be located at or near coastal locations, in some cases they extend inland, most notably in China and the United States, where they exhibit more pronounced seasonal variations and sharper contrasts between summer and winter, as part of a gradient between the more tropical climates of the southern coasts of these countries and the more continental climates of China and the United States’ northern and central regions.

Climate data for Taree (Robertson Street)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)42.5
(108.5)
46.2
(115.2)
41.4
(106.5)
37.0
(98.6)
30.3
(86.5)
27.6
(81.7)
28.9
(84.0)
31.4
(88.5)
38.0
(100.4)
40.1
(104.2)
43.4
(110.1)
42.7
(108.9)
46.2
(115.2)
Average high °C (°F)29.0
(84.2)
28.6
(83.5)
27.3
(81.1)
24.7
(76.5)
21.5
(70.7)
19.1
(66.4)
18.5
(65.3)
19.9
(67.8)
22.7
(72.9)
24.9
(76.8)
26.7
(80.1)
28.4
(83.1)
24.3
(75.7)
Average low °C (°F)17.6
(63.7)
17.6
(63.7)
16.0
(60.8)
13.0
(55.4)
9.8
(49.6)
7.3
(45.1)
5.9
(42.6)
6.4
(43.5)
8.6
(47.5)
11.5
(52.7)
14.1
(57.4)
16.4
(61.5)
12.0
(53.6)
Record low °C (°F)9.3
(48.7)
10.7
(51.3)
7.0
(44.6)
3.3
(37.9)
−2.3
(27.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5
(23)
−1.8
(28.8)
−0.7
(30.7)
0.6
(33.1)
4.0
(39.2)
8.0
(46.4)
−5
(23)
Average rainfall mm (inches)118.9
(4.68)
138.7
(5.46)
149.5
(5.89)
117.0
(4.61)
96.8
(3.81)
97.7
(3.85)
73.9
(2.91)
61.2
(2.41)
60.2
(2.37)
75.6
(2.98)
86.6
(3.41)
100.0
(3.94)
1,178.8
(46.41)
Average rainy days10.711.212.410.59.48.97.47.87.69.49.810.5115.6
Average afternoon relative humidity (%)61626360605954515158575958
Source: [6]

Economy

Taree Courthouse. Taree-courthouse.jpg
Taree Courthouse.
Cundletown Post Office. Cundletown Post Office 2009.jpg
Cundletown Post Office.
The old St Paul's Presbyterian Church. St-pauls-church-taree.jpg
The old St Paul's Presbyterian Church.

Of the 17,820 people resident in Taree; 3,319 worked full-time and 2,169 worked part-time. The unemployment rate is approximately double the national average. The most common industries of employment is retail, government and aged care. The median weekly household income is $719. This compares with a national average of $1,234. A plurality (35.4%) of children live in families with no one in employment. [7] 41.3% of households have a gross weekly income of less than $600; this is approximately double the national average.

Demographics

In the 2016 Census, there were 25,852 people in Taree. The median age in Taree is 46. 9.1% of the population is Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander, with the average age amongst this group being 20. Taree has a significantly higher proportion of people aged 65+; with 25.5% of people over 65. This compares with a national average of 15.8%. 4.1% of residents are aged 85+, more than double the national average of 2.1%.

84.3% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 2.3%, New Zealand 0.8% and Philippines 0.4%. 90.0% of people spoke only English at home.

The most common responses for religion were Anglican 28.5%, No Religion 23.4% and Catholic 17.5%. [1]

Education

There are several public schools in the Taree area including Taree Public School, Taree High School, Taree West Public School, Manning Gardens Public School, Chatham Public School, Chatham High School, and Cundletown Public School.

Private schools in and around Taree include Manning District Adventist School, Tinonee, Manning Valley Anglican College, Cundletown, Taree Christian College, Kolodong, St Joseph's Primary School, and St Clare's High School.

Several post-secondary education and training facilities have a presence in Taree: the North Coast Institute of TAFE, Taree Community College, the Australian Technical College - Manning Valley Campus.

Media

Taree's Big Oyster. Big Oyster Taree.jpg
Taree's Big Oyster.
Abandoned Peters Ice Cream Factory. Peters Ice Cream Factory Taree.jpg
Abandoned Peters Ice Cream Factory.

Newspapers

The Manning River Times [8] is based in Taree.

Television

All major digital-only television channels are available in Taree. The networks and the channels they broadcast are listed as follows:

NBN Television and Channel Seven broadcast local news bulletins at 6.00pm. Prime Television, NBN Television and WIN Television all maintain offices in the city.

Radio

There are four local radio stations, commercial stations 2RE and Max FM and community stations 2BOB and 2TLP.

The ABC broadcasts Triple J (96.3FM), ABC Classic FM (98.7FM), Radio National (97.1FM) and ABC Mid North Coast (95.5FM and 756AM) [9] into Taree.

Rhema FM Manning Great Lakes broadcasts from studios in nearby Wingham and Racing Radio is also broadcast to Taree.

Tourism

Nearby towns include historic Wingham, Tinonee, and the beachside town of Old Bar.

A local tourist attraction is a building called "The World's Largest Oyster", also called "The Big Oyster". [2] Big Things are a common form of tourist attraction in Australia. Like the Big Merino and Big Banana, the 'Oyster' is an artifact based on local produce; the Manning River produced 1,752,000 oysters during 2013. [10] The Big Oyster was an unsuccessful business venture, known to the locals as a 'Big Mistake', and is now home to a motor dealership.

The Manning Entertainment Centre was built in the 1980s as the cultural centre of the district. It seats 505 people [11] and has previously presented artists such as the Sydney Symphony Orchestra, [12] the Australian Ballet [13] and Dame Joan Sutherland. [14] Local performers, including the district eisteddfod and local amateur dramatic societies, use it to provide cultural opportunities for the local community.

Located next to the Entertainment Centre and the Visitor Information Centre at the northern entrance to Taree is the Manning Aquatic and Leisure Centre. This facility includes a 25-metre indoor heated pool with slippery dip and a 50-metre outdoor pool and soon after the time of opening had the second most expensive pool entrance fee in Australia, the most expensive being a pool in Perth , Western Australia. The Aquatic Centre was built in the late 1990s – early 2000s to replace the Taree Pool, which has been redeveloped into a public park with outdoor stage. [15]

The Manning Regional Art Gallery is located in a cottage style building next to Taree Public School. The art gallery hosts a changing selection of works by local artists and visiting exhibitions.

Annual events

January

Events in the NSW Rowing Association Annual Pointscore Rowing Regatta are held at Endeavour Place in Taree during the third week of January. This Regatta runs over three days (Friday to Sunday) and consists of over 200 races with more than 500 competitors travelling from many parts of New South Wales to compete. [16] [17]
The Manning River Summer Festival runs throughout the month of January, incorporating the town's New Year's celebrations, a "Family Fun Day" in Queen Elizabeth Park on Australia Day, and also vide variety of cultural events.

March / April

The Easter Powerboat Classic is held on the Manning River near Queen Elizabeth Park during the Easter Long Weekend. Events start on Friday morning and feature the Stuart Doyle Cup on Saturday and the Ken Warby time trials midday Saturday and Sunday.

August

The Taree Gold Cup is a prestigious horse racing event held at the Bushland Drive Racecourse.

October

The Taree Annual Show is held the second weekend in October. It consists of a sideshow, precision driving team, rodeo events, and cattle and livestock judging.

Notable residents

A runner carrying the Olympic Torch through Taree for the Sydney Olympic Games 2000. Torch bearer.jpg
A runner carrying the Olympic Torch through Taree for the Sydney Olympic Games 2000.

Notable residents that were born in or have a connection with Taree include:

See also

Related Research Articles

Gosford Suburb of Central Coast, New South Wales, Australia

Gosford is a New South Wales suburb located in the heart of the Central Coast Region, about 76 kilometres (47 mi) north of the Sydney CBD. The suburb is situated at the northern extremity of Brisbane Water, an extensive northern branch of the Hawkesbury River estuary and Broken Bay.

Newcastle, New South Wales City in New South Wales, Australia

The Newcastle metropolitan area is the second most populated area in the Australian state of New South Wales and the Newcastle and Lake Macquarie local government areas. It is the hub of the Greater Newcastle area which includes most parts of the local government areas of City of Newcastle, City of Lake Macquarie, City of Cessnock, City of Maitland and Port Stephens Council.

Coffs Harbour City in New South Wales, Australia

Coffs Harbour is a city on the Mid North Coast of New South Wales, Australia, 540 km (340 mi) north of Sydney, and 390 km (240 mi) south of Brisbane. It is one of the largest urban centres on the North Coast, with an estimated population of 70,000 in 2017.

Grafton, New South Wales City in New South Wales, Australia

Grafton is a city in the Northern Rivers region of the Australian state of New South Wales. It is located on the Clarence River, approximately 500 kilometres (310 mi) north-northeast of the state capital Sydney. The closest major cities, Brisbane and the Gold Coast, are located across the border in South-East Queensland. According to the 2016 census, the Grafton "significant urban area" had a population of 18,668 people. The city is the largest settlement and administrative centre of the Clarence Valley Council local government area, which has over 50,000 people in all.

Lismore, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Lismore is a city in northeastern New South Wales, Australia and the main population centre in the City of Lismore local government area; it is also a regional centre in the Northern Rivers region of the State. According to the 2016 Australian Census, the population in the Lismore urban centre was 27,569.

Macksville, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Macksville is a small town on the Nambucca River in Nambucca Shire, New South Wales, Australia. It is halfway between Sydney and Brisbane, along the Pacific Highway, approximately 40 minutes north of Kempsey, 40 minutes south of Coffs Harbour, 1 hour 10 minutes north of Port Macquarie, 5 hours south of Brisbane and 5 hours north of Sydney.

Cessnock, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Cessnock is a city in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia, about 52 km (32 mi) by road west of Newcastle. It is the administrative centre of the City of Cessnock LGA and was named after an 1826 grant of land called Cessnock Estate, which was owned by John Campbell. The local area was once known as "The Coalfields", and it is the gateway city to the vineyards of the Hunter Valley, which includes Pokolbin, Mount View, Lovedale, Broke, Rothbury, and Branxton.

Kempsey, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Kempsey is a town in the Mid North Coast region of New South Wales, Australia and is the council seat for Kempsey Shire. It is located 15 kilometres inland from the coast of the Pacific Ocean, on the Macleay Valley Way near where the Pacific Highway and the North Coast railway line cross the Macleay River. It is roughly 345 kilometres north of Sydney.

Tinonee is a small town on the banks of the Manning River, near Taree on the Mid North Coast of New South Wales in Mid-Coast Council, Australia. Tinonee was founded in 1854 and in the late 1980s became part of Greater Taree City. At the 2006 census, Tinonee had a population of 734 people.

Manning River river in Australia

Manning River, an open and trained mature wave dominated barrier estuary, is located in the Northern Tablelands and Mid North Coast districts of New South Wales, Australia.

Michael Sullivan (rugby league) Rugby league

Michael Sullivan is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer who played in the 2000s. He played in the NRL for the Northern Eagles, Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks and Canterbury-Bankstown, as well as in the Super League for the Warrington Wolves, usually as a hooker.

Umina Beach, New South Wales Suburb of Central Coast, New South Wales, Australia

Umina Beach is a suburb within the Central Coast Council local government area on the Central Coast of New South Wales, Australia. By road, it is 85 kilometres (53 mi) north of the Sydney CBD and 111 kilometres (69 mi) south of the Newcastle CBD.

City of Greater Taree Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The Greater Taree City Council (GTCC) was a local government area on the Mid North Coast of New South Wales, Australia, until 12 May 2016 when it was amalgamated to form part of the Mid-Coast Council. It was originally formed in 1981 from the Manning Shire, and the Taree and Wingham Municipal Councils. The Council was centred on Taree, located adjacent to the Manning River, the Pacific Highway and the North Coast railway line.

Nambucca Heads, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Nambucca Heads is a town on the Mid North Coast of New South Wales, Australia in Nambucca Shire. It is located on a ridge, north of the estuary of the Nambucca River near the Pacific Highway. Its 2011 population was 6,137, including 602 (9.7%) indigenous persons and 5,180 (83.3%) Australian-born persons in the Shire. The place name is derived from an Gumbaynggirr word Ngambagabaga. Clement hodgkinson asked two Ngamba men what the name of the area was they responded to Nyambagabaga as the spot they were standing was a bend in the river where a Ngamba giant was speared in the leg in the Dreaming. This location is the Foreshore Caravan Park now. Ngamba is a subsection of Gumbaynggirr Nation & Baga Baga means Knee. This was later interpreted as Nambucca. It is a popular holiday and retirement destination.

Cundletown, New South Wales locality in New South Wales, Australia

Cundletown is a town on the Mid North Coast, New South Wales, Australia. Cundletown and the nearby larger town of Taree were both settled in 1831 by William Wynter. Cundletown had a population of 2,054 as of the 2016 census. and is a significant agricultural district. It is 16 km from the Tasman Sea coast, and 317 km north of Sydney.

Dingo Creek, a perennial stream of the Manning River catchment, is located in the Mid North Coast region of New South Wales, Australia.

Wingham railway station is located on the North Coast line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the town of Wingham, opening on 5 February 1913 when the line was extended from Dungog to Taree.

Latrell Mitchell rugby league player (1997-)

Latrell Mitchell is an Australian professional rugby league footballer who plays as a centre, wing or fullback for the Sydney Roosters in the NRL. He has represented both New South Wales and Australia.

Wingham Memorial Town Hall

Wingham Memorial Town Hall is a heritage-listed town hall at 52 Farquhar Street, Wingham, Mid-Coast Council, New South Wales, Australia. It was designed by James T. Chambers and built from 1922 to 1924. It is also known as Wingham Town Hall and Wingham Council Chambers. The property is owned by Greater Taree City Council. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 8 April 2016.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Taree". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 November 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Taree". The Age website. The Age Company Ltd. 16 August 2007. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  3. "Taree, a short factual history 1854-1954: a century of progress", Taree Centenary Celebrations Committee, 1954
  4. "Taree Railway Station group". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01264. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  5. "Climate statistics for Australian locations". www.bom.gov.au. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
  6. "Taree (Robertson St)". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology . Retrieved 9 July 2013.
  7. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2011/quickstat/UCL113020?opendocument&navpos=220
  8. "Home page". Manning River Times. Fairfax Media . Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  9. "Home page". ABC Mid North Coast NSW. Australian Broadcasting Corporation . Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  10. Parker, Sarah (5 June 2013). "Plan for future health of Manning oyster industry". Manning River Times. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  11. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. http://www.manningrivertimes.com.au/news/local/news/general/sydney-symphony-brings-its-magic-to-taree/2575968.aspx
  13. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 October 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  16. "Rowing NSW". regattas.rowingnsw.asn.au. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  17. "Rowing NSW". regattas.rowingnsw.asn.au. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  18. Bolton, G. C. "Boyer, Sir Richard James Fildes (1891–1961)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University . Retrieved 14 October 2013.