Dorrigo, New South Wales

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Dorrigo
New South Wales
Dorrigonswau.jpg
Dorrigo Main Square
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
Red pog.svg
Dorrigo
Coordinates 30°20′S152°43′E / 30.333°S 152.717°E / -30.333; 152.717 Coordinates: 30°20′S152°43′E / 30.333°S 152.717°E / -30.333; 152.717
Population1,042 (2016 census) [1]
Postcode(s) 2453
Elevation731 m (2,398 ft) [2]
Location580 km (360 mi) N of Sydney
LGA(s) Bellingen Shire
State electorate(s) Oxley [3]
Federal Division(s) Cowper [4]
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
19.8 °C
68 °F
9.9 °C
50 °F
2,034.1 mm
80.1 in

Dorrigo, a small town on the Waterfall Way, is located on the Northern Tablelands, in northern New South Wales, Australia. The town is part of Bellingen local government area.

Waterfall Way highway in New South Wales

The Waterfall Way is a road in New South Wales, Australia. It runs east-west from the Pacific Highway to the New England Highway at Armidale. The route passes through some of New South Wales' most scenic countryside and has become well known as New South Wales best and Australia's third most beautiful tourist drive. Seven national parks, of which three are listed as World Heritage Areas by UNESCO and form part of the Gondwana Rainforests of Australia, are located on or close to the route. Dorrigo National Park encompasses the waterfalls that give the route its name. It also provides one of the few road links between coastal and inland New South Wales, and is therefore more heavily trafficked than its condition might otherwise suggest.

Northern Tablelands Region in New South Wales, Australia

The Northern Tablelands, also known as the New England Tableland, is a plateau and a region of the Great Dividing Range in northern New South Wales, Australia. It includes the New England Range, the narrow highlands area of the New England region, stretching from the Moonbi Range in the south to the Queensland border in the north. The region corresponds generally to the Bureau of Meteorology forecast area for the Northern Tablelands which in this case includes Inverell although it is significantly lower in elevation.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Contents

It is approximately 580 kilometres (360 mi) north of the state capital, Sydney via the Pacific Highway, and 60 kilometres (37 mi) west from the coastal city of Coffs Harbour. The town is situated on the Dorrigo Plateau near the New England Escarpment, [5] which is part of the Great Dividing Range. Dorrigo is 731 metres (2,398 ft) above sea level. [2] At the 2016 census, Dorrigo had a population of 1,042 people. [1]

Sydney City in New South Wales, Australia

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,131,326, and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.

Pacific Highway (Australia) highway in New South Wales and Queensland

The Pacific Highway is a 790-kilometre-long (490 mi) national highway and major transport route along the central east coast of Australia, with the majority of it being part of Australia's national route 1.

Dorrigo Plateau

The Dorrigo Plateau is a plateau in the Northern Tablelands and New England regions of New South Wales, Australia. The plateau forms part of the Great Dividing Range and is sometimes referred to as the Dorrigo and Guy Fawkes Plateau.

History


European settlement of the area followed on from the early timber cutters in the 1860s. The first official European in the district was Land Commissioner Oakes who sighted the mouth of the Bellinger River.

Dorrigo is derived from the Aboriginal word, dondorrigo, meaning "stringy-bark". [6] For many decades it was believed that explorer and settler Major Edward Parke named the region after a Spanish General named Don Dorrigo with whom Peake fought in the Peninsula War. [5]

By 1841, timber cutters had entered the Bellinger River searching for red cedar ( Toona australis ). They set up camps and moved from one stand of trees to the next. [5]

Bellinger River river in Australia

Bellinger River, an open and trained mature wave dominated, barrier estuary, is located in the Mid North Coast region of New South Wales, Australia.

Richard Craig, an escaped convict from the Moreton Bay Penal Settlement, [5] [7] was the first European to discover the Dorrigo Plateau, following the traditional indigenous route to Armidale from the Grafton area. Using his skills as a horseman, Craig travelled along the western side of the Nymboida River. Craig's track became a road, now roughly following the same path as the present Grafton to Armidale Road and travelling through the present day villages of Nymboida, Billy's Creek, Dundurrabin, Tyringham and Ebor. [7] Timbergetters followed Craig through the sub tropical rainforest and many sawmills grew due to demand for timber, initially the highly prized Australian Red Cedar (Toona australis).

Richard Craig was a free settler in the Australian colony of New South Wales, a convicted criminal, an escaped convict, and a pardoned convict who worked as a stockman and drover.

Armidale, New South Wales City in New South Wales, Australia

Armidale is a city in the Northern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia. Armidale had a population of 24,351 as at June 2017. It is the administrative centre for the Northern Tablelands region. It is approximately halfway between Sydney and Brisbane at the junction of the New England Highway and Waterfall Way. Armidale traditional owners are Anaiwan people. Many Gumbaynggirr people have settled in Armidale since colonisation.

Grafton, New South Wales City in New South Wales, Australia

Grafton is a city in the Northern Rivers region of the Australian state of New South Wales. It is located on the Clarence River, approximately 500 kilometres (310 mi) north-northeast of the state capital Sydney. The closest major cities, Brisbane and the Gold Coast, are located across the border in South-East Queensland. According to the 2016 census, the Grafton "significant urban area" had a population of 18,668 people. The city is the largest settlement and administrative centre of the Clarence Valley Council local government area, which has over 50,000 people in all.

Today, the main access road traversing the plateau from east to west is the Waterfall Way. It was not until the 1860s that permanent settlement occurred in the district. The dairy industry became a mainstay of the Dorrigo Plateau and today tourism is becoming more important. On 23 December 1924, the Glenreagh to Dorrigo railway opened. [8] [9] Due to flood damage, the line closed on 28 October 1972. [8]

Dorrigo railway line

The Dorrigo railway line is a closed railway line in the north of New South Wales, Australia. It branches from the North Coast line at Glenreagh.

On 31 October 2005, sixty-eight dairy cows, all in full milk, died on a farm at Fernbrook on the Waterfall Way near Dorrigo after being struck by lightning. Three others were paralysed for several hours but they later made a full recovery. The cows were sheltering under a tree when it was struck by lightning and the electricity spread onto the surrounding soil killing the animals. [10]

Population

In the 2016 Census, there were 1,042 people in Dorrigo. 85.2% of people were born in Australia and 93.4% of people only spoke English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 32.7%, Anglican 27.4% and Catholic 12.9%. [1]

Attractions

Dorrigo is home to the planned Dorrigo Steam Railway and Museum which is not yet open to the public. It houses the largest collection of railway vehicles and memorabilia from the various Government and private railways of New South Wales. It is one of the most comprehensive railway collections in the world, with items in the collection ranging from 1855 to the present day. The museum is not open to the public however the larger items such as steam engines and carriages can be viewed from outside the property. The nearby World Heritage listed Dorrigo National Park and New England National Park cater for persons interested in natural sights. A full listing of attractions are available here

Dangar Falls

Dangar Falls are located about 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) north of Dorrigo, on the Bielsdown River. [11] The falls are small but picturesque, and are a popular photographic subject. [12] For a short time after rain they are quite spectacular. [13] There is an attractive picnic spot which offers excellent views. It is possible to climb down the banks and walk along the river below the water falls.

These falls are often confused with Dangars Falls, near Armidale, about 125 kilometres (78 mi) to the west, along the Waterfall Way. For more information about Dangars Falls see the articles on Dangarsleigh and on the Oxley Wild Rivers National Park.

Dorrigo Monument

Dorrigo War Memorial is a stone column which forms a roundabout in the centre of the Waterfall Way / Hickory Street intersection. It is a brown stone obelisk with the names of World War 1 servicemen and women carved into the stone in gold letters. Servicemen and women and dedications from the Second World War are carved in plaques attached to the original stonework. A white stone statue of a soldier stands atop the memorial facing east. The monument is surrounded by a small garden with ground lighting to illuminate the memorial at night. [14]

Schools

Media

A local newspaper, the Don Dorrigo Gazette , was first published in 1910. It is believed to be the last newspaper in Australia printed using hot metal typesetting. [15]

Climate

Dorrigo has an hot oceanic climate or highland subtropical but ever wet (Köppen: Cfb) and with an average annual rainfall of almost 2,000mm, [16] one of the wettest cities in New South Wales. [17]

Climate data for Dorrigo (Dorrigo Old Coramba Road, 1996-2017)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)36.3
(97.3)
38.0
(100.4)
34.1
(93.4)
28.0
(82.4)
25.0
(77.0)
25.0
(77.0)
22.7
(72.9)
29.5
(85.1)
32.0
(89.6)
34.6
(94.3)
36.3
(97.3)
34.5
(94.1)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F)24.3
(75.7)
23.8
(74.8)
22.4
(72.3)
19.8
(67.6)
17.1
(62.8)
14.9
(58.8)
14.6
(58.3)
16.1
(61.0)
19.2
(66.6)
21.3
(70.3)
22.3
(72.1)
23.8
(74.8)
20.0
(68.0)
Average low °C (°F)15.0
(59.0)
15.1
(59.2)
13.6
(56.5)
10.7
(51.3)
7.4
(45.3)
5.5
(41.9)
4.4
(39.9)
4.8
(40.6)
7.6
(45.7)
9.8
(49.6)
12.2
(54.0)
13.9
(57.0)
10.0
(50.0)
Record low °C (°F)7.5
(45.5)
8.5
(47.3)
6.0
(42.8)
1.0
(33.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
−3.5
(25.7)
−3.0
(26.6)
−3.2
(26.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
3.9
(39.0)
3.6
(38.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches)284.3
(11.19)
268.8
(10.58)
313.1
(12.33)
141.3
(5.56)
91.7
(3.61)
137.7
(5.42)
55.3
(2.18)
104.1
(4.10)
76.2
(3.00)
101.8
(4.01)
188.8
(7.43)
172.9
(6.81)
1,931.7
(76.05)
Average rainy days15.515.817.814.511.010.79.17.58.911.315.816.8154.7
Average relative humidity (%)73757573686560555761707067
Source: Bureau of Meteorology [18]

Significant weather events

On 19 October 1913, a severe hailstorm struck Dorrigo, where hail fell for an hour, with hail banked up in many places. The storm caused hundreds of pounds of damage. [19] On 6 August 1923, the first known snowfall occurred at Dorrigo. [20]

On 24 June 1950, 636.0 millimetres (25.04 in) of rain was recorded in the 24 hours to 9 am at Dorrigo Post Office. [21] In the following 24 hours, to 9 am on 25 June 1950, a further 230.9 millimetres (9.09 in) of rain was recorded at the same site. [21] On 21 February 1954, Dorrigo's highest daily rainfall (in the 24 hours to 9 am) of 809.2 millimetres (31.86 in) was recorded. [22] This is also the highest daily rainfall total for anywhere in New South Wales. [23] This was recorded at Myrtle Street in Dorrigo. Another Bureau of Meteorology site located at Dorrigo Post Office recorded 774.7 millimetres (30.50 in) of rain within the same 24-hour period to 9 am on 21 February 1954. [24] These heavy rainfall totals were associated with a tropical cyclone which had crossed the coast at Coolangatta and Tweed Heads late on 20 February 1954. [25]

Related Research Articles

Ebor, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Ebor is a village on Waterfall Way on the Northern Tablelands in New South Wales, Australia. It is situated about 80 km (50 mi) east of Armidale and about a third of the way between Armidale and the coast. Dorrigo to the east is 46 kilometres (29 mi) away with the Coffs Coast 55 kilometres (34 mi) away along Waterfall Way. In the 2016 census, Ebor's zone had a population of 166.

Guy Fawkes River National Park Protected area in New South Wales, Australia

Guy Fawkes River National Park, a national park comprising 100,590 hectares, is located on the eastern edge of the New England Tablelands and the western edge of the Dorrigo Plateau, in north eastern New South Wales, Australia.

Inverell Town in New South Wales, Australia

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Dangarsleigh, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

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Dangar Falls

The Dangar Falls is a cascade waterfall located across the Bielsdown River about 1.2 km (0.7 mi) north of Dorrigo in the New England region of New South Wales, Australia. The falls are small, picturesque, and are a popular photographic subject. For a short time after rain they are quite spectacular. There is an attractive picnic spot which offers excellent views. It is possible to climb down the banks and walk along the river below the water falls.

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Newell Falls

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Bielsdown River river in Australia

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Dorrigo (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 January 2019. Blue pencil.svg
  2. 1 2 "Climatological Station Metadata -Dorrigo Post Office" (PDF). Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 30 December 2011. CC-BY icon.svg Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  3. "Oxley". District profiles. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  4. "Find my electorate: Dorrigo". Electorate search. Australian Electoral Commission. 21 November 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  5. 1 2 3 4 "Dorrigo". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 24 January 2008.
  6. "Dorrigo". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 20 July 2009.
  7. 1 2 "History of the Dorrigo Area". Dorrigo Chamber of Commerce. 2009. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
  8. 1 2 Bozier, Rolfe. "Dorrigo Branch". NSWrail.net. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  9. "GLENREAGH-DORRIGO RAILWAY". The Sydney Morning Herald . National Library of Australia. 12 December 1924. p. 10. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  10. http://www.northernstar.com.au/news/apn-flash-of-lightning-kills-68-dairy/17327/
  11. "Dangar Falls". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  12. "Dangar Falls". Stevografix. Archived from the original on 14 September 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  13. "Dangar Falls 31.3.09". ABC Contribute. Archived from the original on 29 January 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  14. "Register of War Memorials in NSW". New South Wales Government, 2014. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
  15. Huxley, John (1 March 2010). "News fit to print – hot-metal typesetting paper turns 100". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  16. "Dorrigo climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Dorrigo weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2019-02-05.
  17. "Wettest places by mean rainfall in New South Wales". www.bonzle.com. Retrieved 2019-02-05.
  18. "Dorrigo Old Coramba Road". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology . Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  19. "Storm at Dorrigo". Clarence and Richmond Examiner . Grafton, NSW: National Library of Australia. 23 October 1913. p. 4. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
  20. "COUNTRY REPORTS". The Sydney Morning Herald . National Library of Australia. 7 August 1923. p. 10. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  21. 1 2 "Daily Rainfall for Dorrigo Post Office for 1950". Climate Data Online. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  22. "Daily Rainfall for Dorrigo (Myrtle St) for 1954". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  23. "New South Wales Weather Extremes" (PDF). Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  24. "Daily Rainfall for Dorrigo Post Office for 1954". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  25. Callaghan, J. "CASE STUDY: Gold Coast Cyclone, February 1954" (PDF). Green Cross Australia. Retrieved 30 December 2011.