2021 Australian census

Last updated

2021 Census

  2016 10 August 2021 (2021-08-10)2026 

General information
Country Australia
Topics
Census topics
  • Location
  • Sex and gender
  • Households and families
  • Indigenous Australians
  • Income and work
  • Unpaid work and care
  • Education and training
  • Disability and carers
  • Cultural diversity
  • Religion
Trial census27 October 2020
Authority Australian Bureau of Statistics
Website census.abs.gov.au
Results
Total population25,422,788 (Increase2.svg 8.6%)
Most populous state or territory New South Wales
Least populous state or territory Jervis Bay Territory

The 2021 Australian census, simply called the 2021 Census, was the eighteenth national Census of Population and Housing in Australia. The 2021 Census took place on 10 August 2021, and was conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). [1] [2] It had a response rate of 96.1% up from the 95.1% at the 2016 census. [3] The total population of the Commonwealth of Australia was counted as 25,422,788 – an increase of 8.6 per cent or 2,020,896 people over the previous 2016 census. [4]

Contents

Results from the 2021 census were released to the public on 28 June 2022 from the Australian Bureau of Statistics website. A small amount of additional 2021 census data was released in October 2022 and in 2023. [5] Australia's next census is scheduled to take place in 2026.

The census was undertaken during the Covid-19 pandemic. It therefore provided a clear snapshot of how the pandemic impacted Australian society. [6]

Overview

In Australia, completing the census is compulsory for all people in Australia on census night, only excluding foreign diplomats and their families. [7] Census data is used to "help governments, businesses, not for profit and community organisations across the country make informed decisions", including helping governments to plan the provision of services. [2] An independent report from Lateral Economics found that for every $1 of investment on the census, $6 of benefits are created in the Australian economy. [8]

Since the 2001 Census, all households have the option of allowing their census data, including personal information such as names and addresses, to be stored by the National Archives of Australia (NAA) for 99 years. 99 years after Census Night, the NAA will release that data to the public in a Census Time Capsule. Censuses stored by the NAA cannot by accessed, amended, or retrieved by anyone, including courts and tribunal, until their release, the first of which will occur in 2100. [9]

The 2020 Census Test occurred on 27 October 2020 with around 100,000 households from Sydney, Adelaide, Darwin, and Canberra, as well as communities in Karratha, Warrnambool, and Alice Springs Town Camps. [10]

Topics

Every census, the ABS makes a recommendation to the Australian Government on the topics to be included, based on the benefit that data would provide to Australia. Through the Census and Statistics Amendment (Statistical Information) Regulations 2020, the federal parliament approves topics that may be included. For the 2021 census, the ABS had been authorised to include questions relating to long-term health conditions [11] and service in the Australian Defence Force, [11] and would not continue asking questions about home internet access considering the rise of mobile devices. This represented the first significant change to census topics since 2006. [12]

Alongside these two new topics, the 2021 Census continued to ask questions related to: [12]

Consultations

Through late 2017, the ABS began discussions with major census data users on what was needed. From 3 April to 30 June 2018, a formal consultation process occurred on the online "ABS Consultation Hub", with the ABS receiving 450 submissions, 315 of which were published with consent. [13]

Collection

Since 2006, the ABS has allowed the census to be completed online, moving in 2016 to be digital-first. Like 2016, the 2021 Census was primarily collected online, with paper census forms being available on request for any household. In 2016, around a third of all households requested and completed their census using the paper form. It was planned that in late October 2019, the ABS would publish a market opportunity to seek a commercial partner to build the 2021 Census Digital Service. [14]

Population and dwellings

The population counts for Australian states and territories were that New South Wales remains the most populous state, with 8,072,163 people counted, ahead of Victoria (6,503,491) and Queensland (5,156,138). The total population of Australian as counted in the 2021 census by state and external territories are: [15] [16] [17] [18]

States and territories MaleFemaleTotal % change
Flag of New South Wales.svg New South Wales 3,984,1664,087,9958,072,163Increase2.svg 7.9%
Flag of Victoria (Australia).svg Victoria 3,200,9633,302,5286,503,491Increase2.svg 9.7%
Flag of Queensland.svg Queensland 2,540,4042,615,7365,156,138Increase2.svg 9.6%
Flag of Western Australia.svg Western Australia 1,322,8551,337,1712,660,026Increase2.svg 7.5%
Flag of South Australia.svg South Australia 878,592902,9241,781,516Increase2.svg 6.3%
Flag of Tasmania.svg Tasmania 273,765283,804557,571Increase2.svg 9.3%
Flag of the Australian Capital Territory.svg Australian Capital Territory 224,361230,140454,499Increase2.svg 14.4%
Flag of the Northern Territory.svg Northern Territory 117,526115,075232,605Increase2.svg 9.7%
External Territories
Flag of Christmas Island.svg Christmas Island TBDTBD1,692Decrease2.svg
Flag of Norfolk Island.svg Norfolk Island TBDTBD2,188Increase2.svg
Flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.svg Cocos (Keeling) Islands TBDTBD593Decrease2.svg
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jervis Bay Territory TBDTBD310Decrease2.svg
Australia12,545,15412,877,63525,422,7888.7

Country of birth

Country of birth of Australian residents at 2021 census Australian Residents by Country of Birth 2021 Census.svg
Country of birth of Australian residents at 2021 census

Of all residents over two-thirds (72.4% or 18,235,690) were born in Australia. Over a quarter of the population (27.6% or 7,502,450 persons) said they were born overseas. After Australia, England is the most common birthplace with 927,490 people. [lower-alpha 1] [19] India became the third-largest country of birth, surpassing China and New Zealand. [11]

Notes

  1. The Australian Bureau of Statistics source lists England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland separately although they are all part of the United Kingdom. These should not be combined as they are not combined in the source.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of Australia</span>

The population of Australia is estimated to be 26,755,200 as of 21 September 2023. Australia is the 55th most populous country in the world and the most populous Oceanian country. Its population is concentrated mainly in urban areas, particularly on the Eastern, South Eastern and Southern seaboards, and is expected to exceed 30 million by 2029.

Anglo-Celtic Australians is an ancestral grouping of Australians whose ancestors originate wholly or partially in the British Isles - predominantly in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">City of Mount Isa</span> Local government area in Queensland, Australia

The City of Mount Isa is a local government area in north west Queensland. The City covers the urban locality of Mount Isa, the administrative centre, and surrounding area, sharing a boundary with the Northern Territory to the west.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">City of Joondalup</span> Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Joondalup is a local government area in Perth, Western Australia. Its central business district is located in the suburb Joondalup, and it includes the town centres of Hillarys and Warwick.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Woodbridge, Tasmania</span> Locality in Tasmania, Australia

Woodbridge is a semi-rural locality in the local government area (LGA) of Kingborough in the Hobart LGA region of Tasmania. The locality is about 26 kilometres (16 mi) south of the town of Kingston. The 2021 Census recorded a population of 547 for the state suburb of Woodbridge, with the median age being 54. There are 180 families living in Woodbridge, with a mean of 1.8 children per household. It is located 38 kilometres (24 mi) south of the state capital, Hobart.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Census in Australia</span> National census of Australia, held every five years

The Census in Australia, officially the Census of Population and Housing, is the national census in Australia that occurs every five years. The census collects key demographic, social and economic data from all people in Australia on census night, including overseas visitors and residents of Australian external territories, only excluding foreign diplomats. The census is the largest and most significant statistical event in Australia and is run by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Every person must complete the census, although some personal questions are not compulsory. The penalty for failing to complete the census after being directed to by the Australian Statistician is one federal penalty unit, or A$220. The Australian Bureau of Statistics Act 1975 and Census and Statistics Act 1905 authorise the ABS to collect, store, and share anonymised data.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Australian Bureau of Statistics</span> Federal statistics and census agency of the Australian Government

The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the independent statutory agency of the Australian Government, responsible for statistical collection and analysis and for giving evidence-based advice to federal, state and territory governments. The ABS collects and analyses statistics on economic, population, environmental and social issues, publishing many on their website. The ABS also operates the national Census of Population and Housing that occurs every five years.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of Sydney</span>

Sydney is Australia's most populous city, and is also the most populous city in Oceania. In the 2021 census, 5,231,147 persons declared themselves as residents of the Sydney Statistical Division–about one-fifth (20.58%) of Australia's total population. With a population density of 2037 people per square kilometre, the urban core has population density five times that of the greater region.

Serbian Australians, are Australians of ethnic Serb ancestry. In the 2016 census there were 104,549 people in Australia who identified as having Serb ancestry, making it a significant group with the global Serb diaspora.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">City of Kalamunda</span> Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Kalamunda is a local government area in the eastern metropolitan region of the Western Australian capital city of Perth about 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of Perth's central business district. The area covers 324 square kilometres (125 sq mi), much of which is state forest rising into the Darling Scarp to the east. As of 2021, the city had a population of 58,762.

Coes Creek is a rural locality in the Sunshine Coast Region, Queensland, Australia. In the 2021 census, Coes Creek had a population of 1,515 people.

Malaysian Australians refers to Malaysians who have migrated to Australia or Australian-born citizens who are of Malaysian descent. This may include Malays as well as overseas Chinese, Indian, Orang Asal, mixed Malaysians and other groups.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shire of Koorda</span> Local government area in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia

The Shire of Koorda is a local government area in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, about 240 kilometres (150 mi) northeast of Perth, the state capital. The Shire covers an area of 2,836 square kilometres (1,095 sq mi) and its seat of government is the town of Koorda.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Australians</span> Citizens of Australia

Australians, colloquially known as Aussies, are the citizens, nationals and individuals associated with the country of Australia. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or ethno-cultural. For most Australians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Australian. Australian law does not provide for a racial or ethnic component of nationality, instead relying on citizenship as a legal status.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sikhism by country</span> World Sikh population breakdown

Most of the 25-30 million followers of Sikhism, the world's fifth-largest religion, live in the northern Indian state of Punjab, the only Sikh-majority administrative division on Earth, but Sikh communities exist on every inhabited continent. Sizeable Sikh populations in countries across the world exist in India (20,833,116), Canada (771,790), England (520,092), Italy (220,000), Australia (210,400), and the United States (~200,000), while countries with the largest proportions of Sikhs include Canada (2.12%), India (1.56%), Cyprus (1.1%) England (0.92%), New Zealand (0.87%), and Australia (0.83%).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">English Australians</span> Australians of English birth or descent

English Australians, also known as Anglo-Australians, are Australians whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England. In the 2021 census, 8,385,928 people, or 33% of the Australian population, stated that they had English ancestry. It is the largest self-identified ancestry in Australia. People of ethnic English origin have been the largest group to migrate to Australia since the establishment of the Colony of New South Wales in 1788.

The 2016 Australian census was the 17th national population census held in Australia. The census was officially conducted with effect on Tuesday, 9 August 2016. The total population of the Commonwealth of Australia was counted as 23,401,892 – an increase of 8.8 per cent or 1,894,175 people over the 2011 census. Norfolk Island joined the census for the first time in 2016, adding 1,748 to the population.

References

  1. "2021 Census questions and date announced". Australian Bureau of Statistics . 18 June 2020. Archived from the original on 28 January 2021. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  2. 1 2 "2021 Census overview". Australian Bureau of Statistics . Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
  3. "Snapshot of Australia". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 28 June 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
  4. "Population: Census Information on sex and age". Australian Bureau of Statistics . 28 June 2022. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  5. "2021 Census product release guide". Australian Bureau of Statistics . Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  6. Motherwell, Sarah (27 June 2022). "What we're going to learn about Australia from the 2021 census results". ABC News . Australian Broadcasting Corporation . Retrieved 21 September 2023.
  7. "Advice on the Australian Bureau of Statistics Population and Housing Census 2021". Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. 24 March 2021. Archived from the original on 5 October 2022. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  8. "Valuing the Australian Census" (PDF). Australian Bureau of Statistics . Lateral Economics. 27 August 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 September 2019. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  9. "Census Time Capsule". Australian Bureau of Statistics . 20 August 2015. Archived from the original on 8 September 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  10. "Welcome to the 2020 Census Test". Australian Bureau of Statistics . Archived from the original on 24 June 2020. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  11. 1 2 3 Silva, Angelica; McElroy, Nicholas (28 June 2022). "Australia's 2021 Census data shows we're a very different country from five years ago. Here are some highlights you may have missed". ABC News . Australian Broadcasting Corporation . Retrieved 21 September 2023.
  12. 1 2 "Review of 2021 Census topics". Australian Bureau of Statistics . Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  13. "Review of 2021 Census Topics". ABS Consultation Hub. 14 November 2018. Archived from the original on 3 April 2018. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  14. "Sourcing the 2021 Census Digital Service". Australian Bureau of Statistics . Archived from the original on 25 September 2018. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  15. "Population: Census Information on sex and age". abs.gov.au. 28 June 2022. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  16. "Christmas Island 2021 Census All persons QuickStats". abs.gov.au. 28 June 2022. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  17. "Norfolk Island 2021 Census All persons QuickStats". abs.gov.au. 28 June 2022. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  18. "Jervis Bay 2021 Census All persons QuickStats". abs.gov.au. 28 June 2022. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  19. 1 2 "Cultural diversity: Census Information on country of birth, year of arrival, ancestry, language and religion". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 28 June 2022. Retrieved 11 August 2022.