Local government areas of New South Wales

Last updated

Map of Local Government Areas in New South Wales New South Wales Local Government Areas.svg
Map of Local Government Areas in New South Wales
Types and titles of LGAs in New South Wales New South Wales LGA types.png
Types and titles of LGAs in New South Wales
LGA Regions in New South Wales Australia-Map-NSW-LGA-Regions.png
LGA Regions in New South Wales
Local government areas in Sydney Sydney councils.png
Local government areas in Sydney

The local government areas (LGA) of New South Wales in Australia describes the institutions and processes by which areas, cities, towns, municipalities, regions, shires , and districts can manage their own affairs to the extent permitted by the Local Government Act 1993 (NSW).

Contents

Local government authorities provide a wide range of services. The most important of these are the general services of administration, health, community amenities, recreation and culture, roads and debt servicing throughout the area controlled by the council. Councils also provide a range of trading activities, mainly in country areas of NSW. These trading activities include water supply, sewerage services, gas services and abattoir facilities. [1]

Administered by the Government of New South Wales and subject to periodic restructuring involving voluntary and involuntary amalgamation of areas, local government areas are considered a city when an area has received city status by proclamation of the Governor. Some areas retain designations they held under prior legislation, even though these titles no longer indicate a legal status. These include municipalities (that are predominantly inner-city suburban areas and smaller rural towns) and shires (that are predominantly rural or outer suburban areas). Many councils now choose not to use any area title, and simply refer to themselves as councils, e.g. Northern Beaches Council, Burwood Council. The smallest local government by area in the state is the Municipality of Hunter's Hill; the largest by area is Central Darling Shire Council.

History

Legislation

The formation of local government in New South Wales predates the formation of responsible government in the state. The Sydney Corporation was formed in 1842, an elected body to manage primary services such as street lighting and drainage. [2] The Municipalities Act, 1858 introduced a system of local government. Municipalities were compulsorily incorporated by legislation in 1876, the third Municipalities Act, 1897 consolidated municipal law, and in 1905 legislation was enacted to establish shires. [3] The Local Government Act, 1906 reformed the municipal system, replaced by the Local Government Act, 1919, which lasted until the most recent 1993 Act.

The core principles of the 1993 legislative reforms were:

  1. greater accountability by councils to their communities through better reporting, management plans, consultation on key issues, and access to information;
  2. changes to the relationship between councillors and staff, whereby the elected council held all powers given under the Act, but could delegate most powers and appoint General Managers to have responsibility for “day-to-day” management, council staff and financial resources; and
  3. a better distinction between service provision and regulatory activity was drawn. Maximum flexibility was given in respect to service provision, with some constraints, and accountability was increased. In regard to regulatory functions, proper attention had to be given to due process and procedural correctness. [3]

Reviews of local government areas

NSW LGAs over time
YearNumber
of LGAs
Ref.
1906327 [3]
1910324
1991176
1992177
2001173
2004152
2016132 [4]

The NSW Government has undertaken periodic reviews of local government since the early 1900s. Reforms included providing enfranchisement for women and for residents who did not own property in the LGA, standardising land valuation systems, and the introduction of ordinances.

1940s

In the post-war period, the Labor Party government of James McGirr, led by Joseph Cahill as Minister for Local Government, decided, following the recommendations of the 1945–46 Clancy Royal Commission on Local Government Boundaries, that Local Government reform would assist the process of improving state infrastructure and community facilities. [5] This vision for a local government reform agenda, including large-scale amalgamations, was largely implemented in the Sydney basin through the Local Government (Areas) Act 1948.

1970s

The Barnett Committee Review of Local Government Areas, conducted during 1973-74, sought to create stronger economic LGAs through a substantial reduction in council numbers. The Barnett Report recommended the forced merging of the then 223 existing local government entities into 97 districts; a proposal that was initially rejected by the Askin–led coalition government. However by 1980 and after several references to the NSW Local Government Boundaries Commission, the Wran-led Labor government amalgamated 38 councils into 17 entities. [3]

The Bains of 1978 influenced the adoption of corporate management in councils whereby council affairs were dealt with as a whole and with co-ordinated forward planning, comprehensive distribution of resources and proper performance monitoring. Bains' review had major influence on the engagement of more powerful general managers, councillors becoming policy makers, and staff free from administrative councillor interference. [3]

1980s

Completed by the NSW Local Government Boundaries Commission, this review focused on the efficiencies in the mergers of rural and regional councils and the anticipated economies of scale in service provision.

1990s

The Carr-led Labor government initiated the Local Government Reform Task Force of 1995-97, the principal outcome of which was to promote resource sharing through the various regional organisations of councils. [3] Triggered by a paper issued by the NSW Local Government and Shires Association, twenty-one councils reviewed their own position and explored three options including the status quo, models for resource sharing and a merger. However, only four councils entered into voluntary mergers in order to avoid potential forced amalgamations. [3]

2000s

The Sproats Inquiry into the structure of local government in eight council areas of the Inner City and Eastern Suburbs of Sydney was commissioned by the state government in October 2000. Despite recommendations for mergers, with the Carr government maintaining a no-forced amalgamation policy, no mergers transpired until late 2008 when Sproats was invited to review his earlier paper, including revisiting the controversial proposal to amalgamate the City of Sydney Council with the South Sydney City Council. [3]

The Carr government abandoned its policy of no forced mergers after the 2003 state election. Within a year, regional “super” councils were legislated for Inner Sydney, surrounding Canberra, Goulburn and Tamworth; four general purpose and two county councils were merged in Clarence Valley, as well as a number of other smaller-scale rural council amalgamations. [3]

2010s

In October 2013, the NSW Government released the findings of an independent review of local government in New South Wales. The review findings, entitled Revitalising Local Government, examined historical and projected demographic data, financial sustainability, and other measures and projected the long-term viability all local government bodies in the state. Included in the report were 65 recommendations to the Government. [6]

The Government released its response to the review findings in September 2014 and then facilitated discussions with certain local government authorities with a view towards merger and/or amalgamation. [7] In April 2015, the NSW Government referred the review findings and its responses to the NSW Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal (IPART) to act as the Expert Advisory Panel and to review local council Fit for the Future proposals. [8] Releasing its final report in October 2015, the IPART reviewed submissions from local government authorities and others with a view towards establishing authorities that have the scale and capacity to engage effectively across community, industry and government, are sustainable and efficient, and that effectively manage infrastructure and deliver services for local communities.The IPART found that: [9] [10]

  • 71 per cent of councils in metropolitan Sydney were 'not fit', primarily because councils did not propose a merger despite clear benefits; and
  • 56 per cent of councils in regional NSW were 'not fit', due to not proposing a merger despite clear benefits, ongoing deficits or both.

The IPART proposed a series of council mergers and amalgamation in both metropolitan and regional areas which proposed a reduction in the number of councils from 152 to 112. [11] The NSW Government invited local government authorities to respond by 20 November 2015. Public response to the proposed amalgamations was mixed. [12] Following consideration of the submissions, the Minister for Local Government referred merger proposals to the Chief Executive of the Office of Local Government (OLG) for examination and report under the Local Government Act. The OLG Chief Executive delegated the examination and reporting functions to Delegates who conducted public inquiries and invited further written submissions by 28 February 2016. [13] On 12 May 2016, following a further review by the Minister for Local Government and the independent Local Government Boundaries Commission, Premier Mike Baird announced the creation of 19 new councils, through amalgamations and mergers, with immediate effect. The Minister indicated in principle support to create a further nine new councils, subject to the decision of the courts. [14] [15] On the same day, the Governor of New South Wales acted on the advice of the Minister, and proclaimed the 19 new local government areas. [16]

On 9 May 2016, Strathfield Council challenged the proposed merger between Strathfield, Burwood and Canada Bay councils and commenced proceedings in the New South Wales Land and Environment Court. After the Court heard that there were legal flaws in the report from the State Government-appointed delegate who examined the proposal for merging the councils, on 31 May, the NSW Government withdrew from the case and the merger proposal stalled. Mosman, Hunters Hill, North Sydney, Ku-ring-gai, Woollahra, Oberon and Walcha councils also challenged the Government's amalgamations. [17] [18] The proclamation of the new Bayside Council occurred on 9 September 2016, following the conclusion of legal action by Botany Bay City Council in the Court of Appeal. [19] In December, the NSW Court of Appeal unanimously dismissed Woollahra Council's appeal, finding no merit in its arguments that the proposed merger with its neighbouring councils was invalid. [20] In July 2017, the Berejiklian government decided to abandon the forced merger of the Sydney local government areas, following an earlier move to abandon proposed forced mergers in rural and regional NSW. [21]

List of all local government areas in New South Wales

As of 9 September 2016 there were 128 local government areas in New South Wales, [4] listed below in alphabetical order by region. There is also the Unincorporated Far West Region which is not part of any local government area, in the sparsely inhabited Far West, and Lord Howe Island, which is also unincorporated but self-governed by the Lord Howe Island Board.

Greater metropolitan Sydney

Local government areaDate establishedAreaPopulationReferences
Borough / District / Municipality / ShireCity km2 sq mi Rank 2016 census Rank
Bayside Council 13 January 1871(as Rockdale municipality)9 September 2016501998156,05817 [22] [23] [24]
Blacktown, City of 6 March 1906 (Shire) [25] 7 March 197924795103336,9622 [26]
Burwood, Municipality of 27 March 1874n/a72.713036,80955 [27] [28]
Camden Council 6 February 1889n/a2017810478,21929 [29] [30]
Campbelltown, City of 21 January 18824 May 196831212098157,00616 [31] [32]
Canada Bay, City of 11 August 1883 (Municipal District of Concord)
18 January 1890 (Borough of Drummoyne)
December 2000207.712288,01527 [33] [34]
Canterbury-Bankstown Council 17 March 1879(Municipal District of Canterbury)
7 September 1895(Municipal District of Bankstown)
12 May 2016110.842.8112346,3021 [35] [36]
Cumberland Council 9 July 1872
(as the Prospect and Sherwood Municipal District)
12 May 20167228112216,0797 [37] [38]
Fairfield, City of 11 December 1888
(as the Smithfield and Fairfield Municipal District)
18 May 197910239109198,81711 [39]
Georges River Council 22 December 1885
(as the Kogarah municipality)
12 May 20163815115146,84119 [40] [41]
The Hills Shire 6 March 1906 [25]
(as Baulkham Hills Shire)
n/a40115595157,24315 [42]
Hornsby Shire 6 March 1906 [25] n/a45517693142,66720 [43]
Hunter's Hill, Municipality of 7 January 1861n/a62.313113,99979 [44] [45]
Inner West Council 1 November 1861(Municipality of Marrickville)
28 December 1871(Borough of Ashfield)
29 December 1871(Municipal District of Leichhardt)
12 May 20163514116182,04314 [46] [47]
Ku-ring-gai Council 1906 (shire), [25] 1928 (municipality)n/a8633110118,05322 [48]
Lane Cove Council 11 February 1895 (Borough of Lane Cove)n/a114.212636,05156 [49] [50]
Liverpool, City of 27 June 1872(municipal district)9 November 196030611899204,3269 [51]
Mosman Council 11 April 1893
(as Borough of Mosman)
n/a93.512828,47562 [52] [53]
Northern Beaches Council 6 January 1877(Manly Municipality)
7 March 1906(as Warringah Shire) [25]
1 May 1992(as Pittwater Municipality)
12 May 201625498102252,8784 [54] [55]
North Sydney Council 31 July 1890 (as Borough of North Sydney)n/a114.212767,65836 [56] [57]
Parramatta Council, City of 27 November 1861(municipality)27 October 19388232111226,1495 [58] [59]
Penrith, City of 12 May 1871(municipality)21 October 195940515694196,06613 [60] [61]
Randwick, City of 23 February 18593614116140,66021 [62] [63]
Ryde, City of 12 November 1870(municipal district)1 January 19924116114116,30223 [64]
Strathfield, Municipality of 2 June 1885n/a145.412440,31253 [65]
Sutherland Shire 6 March 1906 [25] n/a37014097218,4646 [66]
Sydney, City of 20 July 1842259.7120208,3748 [67] [68]
Waverley, Municipality of 16 June 1859n/a93.512866,81237 [69] [70]
Willoughby, City of 23 October 186517 November 1989238.912174,30232 [71] [72] [73]
Woollahra, Municipality of 20 April 1860n/a124.612554,24043 [74] [75]

Sydney surrounds

Local government areaDate establishedAreaPopulationReferences
Borough / District / MunicipalityCitykm2mi2Rank(2016 census)Rank
Blue Mountains, City of 4 January 1889
(as the Municipality of Katoomba)
1 October 19471,4325535376,90431 [76] [77]
Central Coast Council 11 November 1886
(as Borough of Gosford)
12 May 20161,68164978327,7363 [78] [79] [80]
Hawkesbury, City of 1843
(as Windsor District Council)
19892,7931,0786964,59238 [81] [82]
Wollondilly Shire 6 March 1906 [25] n/a2,5609907248,51947 [83] [84]

Rural and regional areas

Mid North Coast

Local government areaDate establishedAreaPopulationReferences
Shire / MunicipalityCitykm2mi2Rank(2016 census) Rank
Bellingen Shire 30 November 19561,6026198012,66884 [85] [86]
Clarence Valley Council 200410,4414,0311750,67145 [87]
Coffs Harbour, City of 30 November 1956 (Shire)1 May 19871,1754548672,94433 [86] [88] [89]
Kempsey Shire 11 June 1886 (Borough)3,3801,3106228,88561 [90] [91]
Nambucca Shire 15 December 19151,4915768219,21270 [92] [93]
Port Macquarie-Hastings Council 15 March 18873,6861,4235678,53928 [94] [95]
Lord Howe Island 1913 (Board of Control), 1954 (Board)155.8123382130 [96] [97]

Murray

Local government areaDate establishedAreaPopulationReferences
Municipality / Shire Citykm2mi2Rank(2016 census)Rank
Albury, City of 18591946164.24663.41610751,07644 [98] [99]
Balranald Shire 27 September 1882n/a21,6938,37672,287126 [100]
Berrigan Shire 6 March 1906 [25] n/a2,066798758,46297 [101]
Edward River Council 12 May 2016n/a8,8813,429248,85195 [102] [103]
Federation Council 12 May 2016n/a5,6852,1954012,77783 [104] [105]
Greater Hume Shire 2004n/a5,7462,2193910,35190 [106]
Murray River Council 12 May 2016n/a11,8654,5811411,68087 [107] [108]
Wentworth Shire 23 January 1879(municipality),
xxxx (shire)
n/a26,26910,14356,794101 [109] [110]

The Riverina

Local government areaDate establishedAreaPopulationReferences
Municipality / Shire Citykm2mi2Rank(2016 census)Rank
Bland Shire 6 March 1906 [25] n/a8,5603,310295,995109 [111]
Carrathool Shire 27 October 1943 [112] n/a18,9337,31092,719124 [113]
Coolamon Shire 6 March 1906 [25] n/a2,433939734,315114 [114]
Griffith, City of 6 January 19281 January 19821,6406307925,64163 [115]
Cootamundra-Gundagai Regional Council 12 May 2016n/a3,9811,5375411,14189 [116] [117]
Hay Shire 1 January 1965n/a11,3264,373152,946121 [118]
Junee Shire 26 July 1886 (Borough) [119] n/a2,030780766,295104 [120]
Leeton Shire 20 December 1927

(Willimbong Shire) [121]

n/a1,1674518711,16888 [122]
Lockhart Shire 6 March 1906 [25] n/a2,8951,118663,119119 [123]
Murrumbidgee Council 12 May 2016n/a6,8802,660353,836117 [124] [125]
Snowy Valleys Council 12 May 2016n/a8,9603,4602314,39577 [126] [127]
Narrandera Shire 1 January 1960n/a4,1171,590525,853110 [128]
Temora Shire 1 January 1981n/a2,8021,082686,110106 [129]
Wagga Wagga, City of 15 March 1870 (Borough)1 January 19814,8261,8634862,38539 [130] [131]

Greater Metropolitan Newcastle [132] and Hunter

Local government areaDate establishedAreaPopulationReferences
Municipality / Shire Citykm2mi2Rank(2016 census)Rank
Cessnock, City of 7 March 1906 (shire)n/a1,9667597755,56042 [133] [134]
Dungog Shire 16 May 1893n/a2,251869748,97593 [135] [136]
Lake Macquarie, City of 1906 (Shire); 1977 (municipality)7 September 198464825090197,37112 [137]
Maitland, City of 12 March 1862
(as Municipality of East Maitland)
7 December 19453921519677,30530 [138] [139]
Mid-Coast Council 12 May 2016n/a10,0533,8811890,30326 [140] [141]
Muswellbrook Shire 13 April 1870
(Municipal District of Musclebrook) [142]
n/a3,4051,3156116,08675 [143]
Newcastle, City of 8 June 1859 (Municipality)26 January 1848 [144] 18772105155,41118 [145] [146]
Port Stephens Council 7 March 1906 (Shire) [25] n/a9793788869,55634 [147]
Singleton Council 2 February 1866 (Municipality)n/a4,8931,8894622,98765 [148] [149]
Upper Hunter Shire May 2004n/a8,0963,1262914,11278 [150]

Illawarra

Local government areaDate establishedAreaPopulationReferences
Municipality / Shire Citykm2mi2Rank(2016 census)Rank
Kiama, Municipality of 1859 (municipality)n/a25810010121,46467 [151]
Shellharbour, City of 4 June 1859(municipality)May 19961475710868,46035 [152]
Shoalhaven, City of 1 July 1948(shire)13 July 1979 [153] 4,5671,7635099,65024 [154]
Wingecarribee Shire 1 January 1981n/a2,6891,0387047,88248 [155]
Wollongong, City of 24 August 1843
(as Illawarra District Council)
11 September 194268426489203,63010 [156]

Richmond-Tweed

Local government areaDate establishedAreaPopulationReferences
Municipality / Shire Citykm2mi2Rank(2016 census)Rank
Ballina Shire 1976n/a4841879241,79050 [157]
Byron Shire 6 March 1906 [25] n/a5672199131,55658 [158]
Kyogle Council 6 March 1906
(Shire) [25]
n/a3,5891,386588,94094 [159] [134]
Lismore, City of 1879 (municipality)9 September 19461,2905008543,13549 [160] [161]
Richmond Valley Council February 2000n/a3,0511,1786522,80766 [162]
Tweed Shire 1 January 1947n/a1,3215108491,37125 [163]

Canberra Region

Local government areaDate
established
AreaPopulationReferences
km2mi2Rank(2016 census)Rank
Bega Valley Shire 19816,2792,4243633,25357 [164]
Eurobodalla Shire 19133,4281,3245937,23254 [165]
Goulburn Mulwaree Council 20043,2201,2406429,60959 [166]
Hilltops Council 12 May 20167,1392,7563318,49871 [167] [168]
Queanbeyan–Palerang Regional Council 12 May 20168,9603,4602256,02741 [169] [170]
Snowy Monaro Regional Council 12 May 20165,3192,0544220,21869 [171] [172]
Upper Lachlan Shire 20047,1022,742347,69598 [173]
Yass Valley Council 1 January 1980(shire);
11 February 2004(municipality)
3,9991,5445316,14274 [174]

Northern

Local government areaDate
established
AreaPopulationReferences
km2mi2Rank(2016 census)Rank
Armidale Regional Council 12 May 20168,6213,3292629,44960 [175]
Glen Innes Severn Council 15 September 2004
17 June 1872 (Municipal District of Glen Innes) [176]
5,4872,119418,83696 [177]
Gunnedah Shire 19 September 1885
(Municipal District)
4,9941,9284512,21586 [178] [179]
Gwydir Shire 17 March 20049,4533,650215,258112 [180]
Inverell Shire 5 March 1872
(Municipal District)
8,6063,3232716,48373 [181] [182]
Liverpool Plains Shire 20045,0861,964447,68799 [183]
Moree Plains Shire 5 December 1890
(Municipal District of Moree)
17,9306,9201013,15981 [184] [185]
Narrabri Shire 28 September 1895
(Municipal District of West Narrabri) [186]
13,0315,0311213,08482 [187]
Tamworth Regional Council 20049,8923,8192059,66340 [188]
Tenterfield Shire 23 November 1871
(Municipal District)
7,3322,831326,628102 [189] [190]
Uralla Shire 24 April 1882
(Municipal District)
3,2301,250636,048108 [191] [192]
Walcha Shire 1 June 19552,6211,012713,092120 [193] [194]

Central West

Local government areaDate establishedAreaPopulationReferences
Municipality / Shire Citykm2mi2Rank(2016 census)Rank
Bathurst Regional 26 May 2004n/a3,8201,4705641,30051 [195]
Blayney Shire 1 November 1882n/a1,525589827,257100 [196] [197]
Cabonne Shire 1978n/a6,0262,3273813,38680 [198]
Cowra Shire 1980n/a2,8101,0806812,46085 [199]
Forbes Shire 4 June 1870 (as Municipal District)n/a4,7201,820509,58791 [200] [201]
Lachlan Shire 6 March 1906 [25] n/a7,4312,869326,194105 [202]
Lithgow, City of 4 June 1889 (Municipality)21 December 19454,5511,7575221,09068 [203] [204] [205]
Mid-Western Regional 26 May 2004n/a8,7373,3732624,07664 [206]
Oberon Shire 6 March 1906 [25] n/a3,6591,413585,301111 [207] [134]
Orange, City of 9 January 1860 (Municipality)10 July 194628511010140,34452 [208] [209]
Parkes Shire 1 March 1883 (as Municipal District)n/a5,9582,3003914,60876 [210] [211]
Weddin Shire 6 March 1906 [25] n/a3,4101,320613,664118 [212]

North Western

Local government areaDate
established
AreaPopulationReferences
km2mi2Rank(2016 census)Rank
Bogan Shire 1891 (municipality); 1906 (shire) [25] 14,6115,641112,692125 [213]
Bourke Shire 4 July 187841,67916,09242,834123 [214] [215]
Brewarrina Shire 15 January 190119,1887,40981,651128 [216] [217]
Cobar Shire 18 March 188444,06517,01434,647113 [218] [219]
Coonamble Shire 3 May 18809,9263,832193,918116 [220] [221]
Dubbo Regional Council 12 May 20167,5362,9103050,07746 [222] [223]
Gilgandra Shire 6 March 1906 [25] 4,8361,867474,236115 [224]
Narromine Shire 23 April 18985,2642,032436,444103 [225] [226]
Walgett Shire 6 March 1906 [25] 22,3368,62466,107107 [227]
Warren Shire 24 April 189510,7604,150162,732122 [228] [229]
Warrumbungle Shire 25 August 200412,3804,780139,38492 [230]

Far West

Local government areaDate establishedAreaPopulationReferences
Municipality / Shire Citykm2mi2Rank(2016 census)Rank
Broken Hill, City of 24 September 18881706610617,70872 [231] [232]
Central Darling Shire 20 March 1959
6 February 1883 (as Municipal District of Wilcannia)
n/a53,51120,66121,833127 [233] [234] [235]
Unincorporated Far West n/a93,30036,00011,056129 [236]

Former local government areas in New South Wales

See also

References

  1. "Special Article - The History of Government in New South Wales". New South Wales Year Book, 1998. Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Government. 7 March 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  2. Kelly, A. H. (4–8 July 2011). The Development of Local Government in Australia, Focusing on NSW: From Road Builder to Planning Agency to Servant of the State Government and Developmentalism (Paper). World Planning Schools Congress 2011. Perth: University of Wollongong . Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Tiley, Ian; Dollery, Brian (April 2010). "Local Government Amalgamation in New South Wales". Centre for Local Government. University of New England.
  4. 1 2 "Local Government Directory". Office of Local Government. Government of New South Wales . Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  5. "4895 Royal Commission on Local Government Boundaries". State Records Archives Investigator. State Archives and Records Authority of New South Wales. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  6. Sansom, Graham; Munro, Jude; Inglis, Glenn (25 October 2013). "Revitalising Local Government: Final Report" (PDF). Independent Local Government Review Panel. Government of New South Wales . Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  7. "Reform – Fit for the Future". Local Government NSW. 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  8. Baird, Mike (22 April 2015). "Terms of Reference for a review of local council Fit for the Future proposals by an Expert Advisory Panel" (PDF) (Press release). NSW Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal . Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  9. Boxall, Peter J., AO; Jones, Catherine; Comrie, John (October 2015). "Assessment of Council Fit for the Future Proposals" (PDF). NSW Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal. ISBN   978-1-925340-21-1 . Retrieved 15 November 2015.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. Baird, Mike; Toole, Paul (20 October 2015). "Fit for the future: $2 billion community windfall by merging unfit councils" (Press release). Government of New South Wales . Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  11. "NSW councils to merge under State Government plan for forced amalgamations; 2016 elections delayed". ABC News. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  12. Kembrey, Melanie. "Council mergers: expert adviser Graham Sansom slams merger proposals". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  13. "Background". Council Boundary Review. Government of New South Wales . Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  14. "Introduction". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  15. "New councils for NSW". Family & Community Services (Press release). Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  16. "Local Government (Council Amalgamations) Proclamation 2016" (PDF). Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales . Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  17. Raper, Ashleigh (31 May 2016). "NSW council amalgamations: Strathfield, Burwood and Canada Bay merger stopped". ABC News . Australia. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  18. Davies, Anne (31 May 2016). "Council amalgamations: government push for mergers suffers setback". The Sydney Morning Herald . Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  19. "Joint Organisation – Council Secure Portal". www.strongercouncils.nsw.gov.au.
  20. Visentin, Lisa (22 December 2016). "Woollahra loses merger appeal, hints at High Court challenge". The Sydney Morning Herald . Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  21. Blumer, Clare; Chettle, Nicole (27 July 2017). "NSW council amalgamations: Mayors fight to claw back court dollars after backflip on merger". ABC News . Australia. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  22. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Botany Bay (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  23. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Rockdale (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  24. "Bayside Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 9 September 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  25. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 "Local Government (Shires) Act 1905 Proclamations". Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001). 1906-03-07. pp. 1593–1644. Retrieved 2018-06-15.
  26. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Blacktown (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  27. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Burwood (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  28. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 27 Mar 1874". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  29. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Camden (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  30. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 6 Feb 1889". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  31. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Campbelltown (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  32. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 21 Jan 1882". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  33. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Canada Bay (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  34. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 11 Aug 1883". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  35. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Canterbury-Bankstown (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  36. "Canterbury-Bankstown Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  37. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Cumberland (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  38. "Cumberland Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  39. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Fairfield (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  40. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Georges River (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  41. "Georges River Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  42. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "The Hills Shire (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  43. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hornsby (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  44. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hunters Hill (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  45. "MUNICIPALITY OF HUNTER'S HILL. - PROCLAMATION. - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 7 Jan 1861". Trove. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  46. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Inner West (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  47. "Inner West Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  48. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Ku-ring-gai (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  49. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lane Cove (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  50. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 11 Feb 1895". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  51. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Liverpool (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  52. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mosman (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  53. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 11 Apr 1893". Trove. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  54. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Northern Beaches (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  55. "Northern Beaches Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  56. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "North Sydney (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  57. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 31 Jul 1890". Trove. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  58. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Parramatta (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  59. "City of Parramatta Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  60. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Penrith (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  61. "History of Local Government development in the Penrith and Surrounding Districts". Penrith City Council. 25 May 2009. Archived from the original on 22 June 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
  62. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Randwick (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  63. "MUNICIPALITY OF RANDWICK. - PROCLAMATION. - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 23 Feb 1859". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  64. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Ryde (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  65. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Strathfield (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  66. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Sutherland Shire (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  67. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Sydney (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  68. "History of Sydney City Council" (PDF). City of Sydney. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 December 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2007.
  69. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Waverley (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  70. "Proclamation of the incorporation of the district of Waverley as a Municipality". NSW Government Gazette No. 115, 16 June 1859, folios 1343–1344. 16 June 1859.
  71. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Willoughby (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  72. "LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT 1919 - PROCLAMATION - Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) - 17 Nov 1989". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  73. "MUNICIPALITY OF NORTH WILLOUGHBY. - PROCLAMATION. - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 25 Oct 1865". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  74. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Woollahra (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  75. Jarvis & Kelly (1960). The History of Woollahra. Sydney: Halstead Press.
  76. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Blue Mountains (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  77. "Overview of the Council". Introduction to Blue Mountains City Council. Blue Mountains City Council. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  78. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Central Coast (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  79. "Central Coast Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  80. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 11 Nov 1886". Trove. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  81. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hawkesbury (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  82. "Hawkesbury City Council - Overview". Hawkesbury City Council. 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  83. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wollondilly (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  84. "PROCLAMATION - Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) - 7 Mar 1906". Trove. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  85. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Bellingen (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  86. 1 2 "LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919—PROCLAMATION. - Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) - 30 Nov 1956". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  87. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Clarence Valley (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  88. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Coffs Harbour (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  89. "LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT 1919—PROCLAMATION - Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) - 1 May 1987". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  90. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Kempsey (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  91. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 11 Jun 1886". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  92. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Nambucca (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  93. "PROCLAMATION - Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) - 15 Dec 1915". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  94. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Port Macquarie-Hastings (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  95. "History of the Council". Port Macquarie-Hastings Council. 28 February 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2008.
  96. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lord Howe Island (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  97. Nichols 2006 , pp. 107–108
  98. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Albury (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  99. "Albury and District Historical Society". Research and references. Albury City Council. Archived from the original on 23 July 2008. Retrieved 8 July 2008.
  100. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Balranald (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  101. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Berrigan (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  102. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Edward River (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  103. "Edward River Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
  104. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Federation (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  105. "Federation Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  106. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Greater Hume Shire (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  107. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Murray River (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  108. "Murray River Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  109. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wenthworth (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  110. "Wentworth History". Wentworth Shire Council. Archived from the original on 11 July 2009. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
  111. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Bland (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  112. "LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919—PROCLAMATION". Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001). 1943-11-05. p. 1932. Retrieved 2018-06-20.
  113. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Carrathool (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  114. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Coolamon (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  115. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Griffith (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  116. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Gundagai (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  117. "Gundagai Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
  118. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hay (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  119. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation". New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900). 1886-07-27. p. 4993. Retrieved 2018-06-20.
  120. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Junee (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  121. "IRRIGATION ACT, 1912-1926". Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001). 1928-01-06. p. 42. Retrieved 2018-06-20.
  122. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Leeton (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  123. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lockhart (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  124. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Murrumbidgee (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  125. "Murrumbidgee Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  126. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Snow Valleys (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  127. "Snowy Valley Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  128. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Narrandera (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  129. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Temora (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  130. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wagga Wagga (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  131. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 15 Mar 1870". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  132. "Greater Newcastle metropolitan planning". www.planning.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  133. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Cessnock (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  134. 1 2 3 "PROCLAMATION - Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) - 7 Mar 1906". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  135. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Dungog (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  136. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 16 May 1893". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  137. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lake Macquarie (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  138. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Maitland (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  139. "LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919.—PROCLAMATION. - Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) - 7 Dec 1945". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  140. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mid-Coast (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  141. "Mid-Coast Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  142. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation". New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900). 1870-04-13. p. 859. Retrieved 2018-06-20.
  143. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Muswellbrook (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  144. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation". New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900). 1848-01-26. p. 121. Retrieved 2018-06-15.
  145. "MUNICIPALITY OF NEWCASTLE. - PROCLAMATION. - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 8 Jun 1859". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  146. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Newcastle (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  147. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Port Stephens (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  148. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Singleton (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  149. "MUNICIPAL INSTITUTIONS. - MUNICIPALITY OF SINGLETON. PROCLAMATION. - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 2 Feb 1866". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  150. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Upper Hunter Shire (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  151. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Kiama (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  152. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Shellharbour (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  153. "LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919.—PROCLAMATION". Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001). 1979-07-13. p. 3356. Retrieved 2018-06-15.
  154. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Shoalhaven (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  155. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wingecarribee (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  156. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wollongong (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  157. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Ballina (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  158. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Byron (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  159. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Kyogle (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  160. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lismore (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  161. "Historical information about the City of Lismore". City of Lismore. 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  162. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Richmond Valley (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  163. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Tweed (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  164. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Bega Valley (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  165. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Eurobodalla (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  166. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Goulburn Mulwaree (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  167. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hilltops (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  168. "Hilltops Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  169. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  170. "Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  171. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Snowy Monaro Regional (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  172. "Snowy Monaro Regional Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  173. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Upper Lachlan Shire (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  174. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Yass Valley (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  175. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Armidale Regional (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  176. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation". New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900). 1872-06-17. p. 1563. Retrieved 2018-06-20.
  177. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Glen Innes Severn (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  178. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Gunnedah (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  179. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 19 Sep 1885". Trove. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  180. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Gwydir (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  181. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Inverell (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  182. "PROCLAMATION. - By His Excellency SIR ALFRED STEPHEN, Knight, a Companion of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, Chief Justice of the Colony of New South Wales, Administering the Government thereof. - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 5 Mar 1872". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  183. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Liverpool Plains (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  184. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Moree Plains (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  185. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 5 Dec 1890". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  186. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation". New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900). 1895-09-28. p. 6307. Retrieved 2018-06-15.
  187. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Narrabri (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  188. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Tamworth Regional (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  189. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Tenterfield (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  190. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 23 Nov 1871". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  191. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Uralla (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  192. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 24 Apr 1882". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  193. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Walcha (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  194. Walcha 100 years of Local Government. Walcha: Walcha Shire Council. 1989.
  195. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Bathurst Regional (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  196. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Blayney (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  197. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 1 Nov 1882". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  198. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Cabonne (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  199. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Cowra (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  200. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Forbes (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  201. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 4 Jun 1870". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  202. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lachlan (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  203. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lithgow (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  204. "LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT, 1919.—PROCLAMATION. - Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001) - 21 Dec 1945". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  205. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 4 Jun 1889". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  206. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mid-Western Regional (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  207. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Oberon (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  208. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Orange (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  209. "MUNICIPALITY OF ORANGE. - PROCLAMATION. - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 9 Jan 1860". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  210. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Parkes (A)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  211. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 1 Mar 1883". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  212. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Weddin (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  213. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Bogan (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  214. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Bourke (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  215. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) - 4 Jul 1878". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  216. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Brewarrina (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg