City of Lake Macquarie

Last updated

City of Lake Macquarie
New South Wales
Lake Macquarie (Swansea - Pulbah).jpg
Lake Macquarie, after which the LGA is named
Lake macquarie LGA NSW.png
Coordinates 33°02′S151°38′E / 33.033°S 151.633°E / -33.033; 151.633 Coordinates: 33°02′S151°38′E / 33.033°S 151.633°E / -33.033; 151.633
Population
 • Density315/km2 (820/sq mi)
Established
  • 1906 (shire)
  • 1977 (municipality)
  • 1984 (city)
Area648 km2 (250.2 sq mi) [3]
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEDT (UTC+11)
MayorKay Fraser [4]
Council seat Speers Point
Region Hunter [5]
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
Lake-logo.jpg
Website City of Lake Macquarie
LGAs around City of Lake Macquarie:
Maitland Newcastle Newcastle
Cessnock City of Lake Macquarie Tasman Sea
Cessnock Central Coast Tasman Sea

The City of Lake Macquarie is a local government area in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia and was proclaimed a city from 7 September 1984. The area is situated adjacent to the city of Newcastle and is part of the Greater Newcastle Area. [12] The city is approximately 150 km (93 mi) north of Sydney. One of its major tourist attractions is its lake, also named Lake Macquarie.

Local government in Australia is the third tier of government in Australia administered by the states and territories, which in turn are beneath the federal tier. Local government is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia and two referenda in the 1970s and 1980s to alter the Constitution relating to local government were unsuccessful. Every state government recognises local government in their respective constitutions. Unlike Canada or the United States, there is only one level of local government in each state, with no distinction such as cities and counties.

Hunter Region Region in New South Wales, Australia

The Hunter Region, also commonly known as the Hunter Valley, is a region of New South Wales, Australia, extending from approximately 120 km (75 mi) to 310 km (193 mi) north of Sydney. It contains the Hunter River and its tributaries with highland areas to the north and south. Situated at the northern end of the Sydney Basin bioregion, the Hunter Valley is one of the largest river valleys on the NSW coast, and is most commonly known for its wineries and coal industry.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Contents

The mayor of the City of Lake Macquarie Council is Councillor Kay Fraser, a member of the Labor Party. [4]

In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.

A Councillor is a member of a local government council.

The Australian Labor Party , also known as NSW Labor and Country Labor in regional areas, is the New South Wales branch of the Australian Labor Party. The parliamentary leader is elected from and by the members of the party caucus, comprising all party members in the Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council. The party factions have a strong influence on the election of the leader. The leader's position is dependent on the continuing support of the caucus and the leader may be deposed by failing to win a vote of confidence of parliamentary members. By convention, the premier sits in the Legislative Assembly, and is the leader of the party controlling a majority in that house. The party leader also typically is a member of the Assembly, though this is not a strict party constitutional requirement. Barrie Unsworth, for example, was elected party leader while a member of the Legislative Council. He then transferred to the Assembly by winning a seat at a by-election.

The Royal Australian Navy ship HMAS Tobruk (L 50) was granted Right of Freedom of Entry to the City of Lake Macquarie in 1991. [13]

Royal Australian Navy Naval warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force

The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force. Following the Federation of Australia in 1901, the ships and resources of the separate colonial navies were integrated into a national force, called the Commonwealth Naval Forces. Originally intended for local defence, the navy was granted the title of 'Royal Australian Navy' in 1911, and became increasingly responsible for defence of the region.

HMAS <i>Tobruk</i> (L 50) ship

HMAS Tobruk was a Landing Ship Heavy (LSH) of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), based on the design of the Round Table-class of the British Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Planning for the ship began in the 1970s to provide the Australian Army with a permanent sealift capability. She was laid down by Carrington Slipways in 1979, launched in 1980, and commissioned in 1981. She was a multi-purpose, roll-on/roll-off heavy lift ship capable of transporting soldiers, APCs, and tanks, and delivering them to shore via landing craft or directly by beaching.

History

The Shire of Lake Macquarie was proclaimed on 6 March 1906. It became a Municipality on 1 March 1977, and a city on 7 September 1984. [14] [15]

Main towns and villages

Lake Macquarie is home to several prominent coastal suburbs such as Catherine Hill Bay, Caves Beach, Blacksmiths Beach and Redhead. Retail centres include Belmont, Cardiff, Charlestown, Glendale, Swansea, Toronto, and Morisset with its large area and rapidly increasing developments.

Catherine Hill Bay, New South Wales Suburb of City of Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia

Catherine Hill Bay is a coastal bay and village on the southern peninsula forming Lake Macquarie, south of the Pacific Ocean entrance channel at Swansea in New South Wales, Australia. It is part of the City of Lake Macquarie local government area. The village is the oldest continuous settlement in the City of Lake Macquarie.

Caves Beach is a locality on the Swansea peninsula between Lake Macquarie and the Pacific Ocean in New South Wales, Australia. It is part of the City of Lake Macquarie local government area. The locality is named for the large number of caves on the nearby coastline. It has a surfing beach which is popular with the local surfers. It is highly popular for spearfishing, with the premier target species being the elusive red morwong.

Blacksmiths is a coastal suburb of the City of Lake Macquarie in New South Wales, Australia adjacent to the Pacific Ocean 24 kilometres (15 mi) south of Newcastle's central business district, between the suburbs of Belmont and Swansea

Significant population centres include:

Belmont, New South Wales Suburb of Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia

Belmont is a suburb in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia, located 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Newcastle's central business district on the eastern side of Lake Macquarie and is part of the City of Lake Macquarie.

Cardiff is a suburb of the City of Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia. It is located 13 kilometres (8 mi) west-southwest of Newcastle's central business district in the City of Lake Macquarie North Ward.

Charlestown is a suburb of the City of Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia, and the largest town within the City. It is approximately 10 kilometres (6 mi) west-south-west of the central business district of Newcastle.

The various towns and suburbs are classified as being part of the Newcastle Statistical District. The City of Lake Macquarie has its own independent local government (Lake Macquarie City Council). The largest commercial centre in the region is Charlestown.

Demographics

Lake Macquarie suburbs
Charlestown 11,725
Warners Bay 7,457
Belmont North 6,481
Belmont 6,420
Edgeworth 6,252
Cardiff 5,779
Valentine 5,555

The area is a set of contiguous towns that surround a coastal saltwater lake. These towns merge with the suburbs of Newcastle to the north. Some suburbs, such as Adamstown Heights are partly in the City of Newcastle and partly within the City of Lake Macquarie. There are 92 identified settlements ranging from small rural style communities through to larger and higher density areas such as Toronto, Warners Bay, Belmont, Charlestown and Morisset.

At the 2011 census, there were 189,006 people in the Lake Macquarie local government area, of these 48.8% were male and 51.2% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.0% of the population, which was higher than the national and state averages. The median age of people in the City of Lake Macquarie was 41 years, which was significantly higher than the national median of 37 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 18.6% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 18.4% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 51.0% were married and 12.2% were either divorced or separated. [16]

Population growth in the City of Lake Macquarie between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 3.36%; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census, population growth was 3.20%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% respectively, population growth in Lake Macquarie local government area was approximately half the national average. [17] The median weekly income for residents within the City of Lake Macquarie was marginally below the national average. [16] [18]

At the 2011 Census, the proportion of residents in the Lake Macquarie local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Celtic exceeded 81% of all residents (national average was 65.2%). In excess of 58% of all residents in the City of Lake Macquarie nominated a religious affiliation with Christianity at the 2011 census, which was slightly higher than the national average of 50.2%. Meanwhile, as at the census date, compared to the national average, households in the Lake Macquarie local government area had a significantly lower than average proportion (5.4%) where two or more languages are spoken (national average was 20.4%); and a significantly higher proportion (93.0%) where English only was spoken at home (national average was 76.8%). [16]

Lake Macquarie at Croudace Bay Croudace Bay NSW.jpg
Lake Macquarie at Croudace Bay
Selected historical census data for Lake Macquarie local government area
Census year2001 [17] 2006 [18] 2011 [16]
PopulationEstimated residents on Census night177,185183,138189,006
LGA rank in terms of size within New South WalesSteady2.svg 4thSteady2.svg 4th
% of New South Wales population2.73%
% of Australian population0.94%Decrease2.svg 0.92%Decrease2.svg 0.88%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
Australian 33.7%
English 32.2%
Scottish 8.2%
Irish 7.7%
German 3.0%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Italian 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%
Macedonian 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%
German 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%
Cantonese n/cIncrease2.svg 0.2%Steady2.svg 0.2%
Spanish n/cn/cIncrease2.svg 0.2%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
Anglican 29.1%Decrease2.svg 27.6%Decrease2.svg 26.2%
Catholic 23.0%Decrease2.svg 22.9%Decrease2.svg 22.8%
No Religion 12.5%Increase2.svg 15.5%Increase2.svg 19.7%
Uniting Church 10.0%Decrease2.svg 8.8%Decrease2.svg 5.8%
Presbyterian and Reformed 4.4%Decrease2.svg 4.0%Decrease2.svg 3.6%
Median weekly incomes
Personal incomeMedian weekly personal incomeA$394A$520
% of Australian median income84.5%90.1%
Family incomeMedian weekly family incomeA$922A$1,396
% of Australian median income89.8%94.3%
Household incomeMedian weekly household incomeA$1,102A$1,177
% of Australian median income94.1%90.5%

Economics

Lake Macquarie has a significant coal mining industry and smaller agriculture and manufacturing industries. Eraring power station, a 1980s-era coal-fired power station, supplies 25% of New South Wales' power. [19] Lake Macquarie has a number of Constructed Wetlands with the council placing an emphasis on the environment.

Council

Speers Point, which is shown in relation to Newcastle, is the seat of government for the city of Lake Macquarie. Worldwind Speers Point.jpg
Speers Point, which is shown in relation to Newcastle, is the seat of government for the city of Lake Macquarie.

Current composition and election method

Lake Macquarie City Council is composed of thirteen Councillors, including the mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office. The mayor is directly elected while the twelve other Councillors are elected proportionally as three separate wards, each electing four Councillors. The most recent election was held on the 10th of September 2016, and the makeup of the Council, including the mayor, is as follows: [4]

PartyCouncillors
  Labor Party 6
  Liberal Party 3
  Independent Lake Alliance 1
Lake Mac Independents3
Total13

The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election by ward, is:

WardCouncillorPartyNotes
Mayor [4]  Kay Fraser Labor
East Ward [20]  Adam Shultz Labor
 Nick Jones Liberal
Christine Buckley Labor
 John GilbertLake Mac Independents
North Ward [21]  Brian Adamthwaite Labor
 Kevin Baker Liberal
 Barney Langford Labor
 Colin GriggLake Mac Independents
West Ward [22]  David Belcher Labor
 Jason Pauling Liberal
 Wendy HarrisonIndependent Lake Alliance
 Luke CubisLake Mac Independents

Shopping

Major shopping centres include:

Arts and culture

Lake Macquarie has a number of cultural and artistic locations: [23]

Sister cities

The City of Lake Macquarie has sister city relations with the following cities: [24]

Related Research Articles

Morisset, New South Wales Suburb of Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia

Morisset is a commercial centre and suburb of the City of Lake Macquarie in New South Wales, Australia, and is located west of Lake Macquarie just off the Sydney-Newcastle Freeway. The count at the 2011 Census was 2,857 for the gazetted suburb of Morisset. The estimated urban population of the Morisset area, including Cooranbong, was 25,309 as at June 2018. The area is growing steadily, with population increasing 2.6 percent over the prior year, 2017, and having five-year average annual growth of 1.8 percent.

Wyong Shire Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Wyong Shire was a local government area located in the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia, north of Sydney.

City of Cessnock Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

City of Cessnock is a local government area in the Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia. The area under administration is located to the west of Newcastle. The largest population centre and council seat is the city of Cessnock.

City of Parramatta Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The City of Parramatta Council, is a local government area in encompassing Central Western Sydney as well as parts of neighbouring regions. Parramatta Council is situated between the City of Ryde and Cumberland Council, where the Cumberland Plain meets the Hornsby Plateau, approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of the Sydney central business district, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.

Port Macquarie-Hastings Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Port Macquarie-Hastings Council is a local government area in the mid north coast region of New South Wales, Australia.

Morisset railway station

Morisset railway station is located on the Main Northern line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the City of Lake Macquarie suburb of Morisset opening on 15 August 1887 as Morrisset being renamed on 1 February 1889.

Electoral district of Charlestown state electoral district of New South Wales, Australia

Charlestown is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. It has been represented by Jodie Harrison of the Labor Party since the Charlestown by-election on 25 October 2014.

Speers Point, New South Wales Suburb of Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia

Speers Point is a suburb within, and the location of the council seat of the City of Lake Macquarie local government area in New South Wales, Australia. It is 17 kilometres (10.6 mi) west-southwest of the city of Newcastle on the northern shore of Lake Macquarie, in Cockle and Warners Bays, between the suburbs of Cardiff and Warners Bay.

City of Wollongong Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The City of Wollongong is a local government area in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is situated adjacent to the Tasman Sea, the Southern Freeway and the South Coast railway line.

Port Stephens Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Port Stephens Council is a local government area in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is just north of Newcastle and is adjacent to the Pacific Highway which runs through Raymond Terrace, the largest town and Council seat. The area is named after Port Stephens, which is the major geographical feature of the area. It extends generally from the Hunter River in the south, to near Clarence Town in the north, and from the Tasman Sea in the east, to just south of Paterson in the west. The mayor of Port Stephens Council is Ryan Palmer. Port Stephens is about two and a half hours north of Sydney.

Great Lakes Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Great Lakes Council was a local government area in the Mid North Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is situated adjacent to the shores of Port Stephens, Myall Lakes and Wallis Lake and the Pacific Highway and the Lakes Way. On 12 May 2016 the Council was dissolved and the area included in the Mid-Coast Council, along with City of Greater Taree and Gloucester Shire.

Windale, New South Wales Suburb of Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia

Windale is a suburb of the city of Lake Macquarie, in the Newcastle metropolitan area. It is located west of the junction of the Pacific Highway and Newcastle Inner City Bypass, covering an area of 1.7 km2 (0.7 sq mi).

Gloucester Shire Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Gloucester Shire was a local government area in the Mid North Coast and Upper Hunter regions of New South Wales, Australia. The Shire was situated adjacent to the Bucketts Way and the North Coast railway line.

City of Newcastle Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The City of Newcastle is a local government area in the Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia. The City of Newcastle incorporates much of the area of the Newcastle metropolitan area.

Dungog Shire Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Dungog Shire is a local government area in the Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia. The Shire is situated adjacent to the Barrington Tops and consists predominantly of very rugged to hilly country which becomes less rugged from north to south.

Kilaben Bay, New South Wales Suburb of City of Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia

Kilaben Bay is a suburb of the city of Lake Macquarie in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. It is named for the bay of the same name that lies to the south of the suburb. The suburb's western boundary is heavily forested. Kilaben Bay is one of many suburbs that ring Lake Macquarie, Lake Munmorah, and Tuggerah Lake. Kilaben Bay is part of the West Ward of the City of Lake Macquarie local government area. For telephone call charges, Kilaben Bay is within the local call zone of the City of Newcastle.

Bus routes in Newcastle, New South Wales Wikimedia list article

Newcastle bus routes connect suburbs in and around Newcastle and Lake Macquarie, about 100 kilometres north of Sydney.

Jodie Harrison Australian politician

Jodie Elizabeth Harrison is an Australian politician who has represented the Charlestown Electorate in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for the Labor Party since 25 October 2014, when she was elected in a by-election.

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lake Macquarie (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 November 2018. Blue pencil.svg
  2. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019. Estimated resident population (ERP) at 30 June 2018.
  3. Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "2011 Community Profiles: Lake Macquarie (Local Government Area)". 2011 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 10 September 2012. Blue pencil.svg
  4. 1 2 3 4 "Lake Macquarie City Council Results (2016)". Lake Macquarie City Council. 19 September 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
  5. "Suburb Search – Local Council Boundaries – Hunter (HT) – Lake Macquarie City Council". New South Wales Division of Local Government . Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  6. "Lake Macquarie Electoral District". New South Wales Electoral Commission. 28 March 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
  7. "Swansea Electoral District". New South Wales Electoral Commission. 28 March 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
  8. "Charlestown Electoral District". New South Wales Electoral Commission. 28 March 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
  9. "Cessnock Electoral District". New South Wales Electoral Commission. 28 March 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
  10. "Wallsend Electoral District". New South Wales Electoral Commission. 28 March 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
  11. "Shortland". Australian Electoral Commission. 26 July 2012. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  12. "Greater Newcastle metropolitan planning - Department of Planning and Environment". www.planning.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
  13. Piper, Greg (April 2010). "Legend of ANZAC" (PDF). p. 6. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
  14. "Council History: Lake Macquarie City Council". City of Lake Macquarie. 2 March 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2008.
  15. "Hunter History Highlights". Hunter Valley Research Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 December 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2008.
  16. 1 2 3 4 Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Lake Macquarie (C) (Local Government Area)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 September 2012. Blue pencil.svg
  17. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Lake Macquarie (C)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
  18. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Lake Macquarie (C)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
  19. "Eraring Power Station". Hunter New England Area Health Service. 2005. Archived from the original on 13 November 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2008.
  20. "Elections NSW - Lake Macquarie City Council Elections 2016 - East Ward" (PDF).
  21. "Elections NSW - Lake Macquarie City Council Elections 2016 - North Ward" (PDF).
  22. "Elections NSW - Lake Macquarie City Council Elections 2016 - West Ward" (PDF).
  23. "Arts and Culture - Lake Macquarie NSW Accommodation & Holiday Rentals - tourist visitor information & guide, accommodation bookings, attractions, activities, NSW maps & much more" . Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  24. "Sister Cities". Lake Macquarie City Council. Retrieved 18 December 2012.