City of Lake Macquarie

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City of Lake Macquarie
New South Wales
Lake Macquarie (Swansea - Pulbah).jpg
Lake Macquarie, after which the LGA is named
Lake macquarie LGA NSW.png
Coordinates 33°02′S151°38′E / 33.033°S 151.633°E / -33.033; 151.633 Coordinates: 33°02′S151°38′E / 33.033°S 151.633°E / -33.033; 151.633
Population
 • Density315/km2 (820/sq mi)
Established
  • 1906 (shire)
  • 1977 (municipality)
  • 1984 (city)
Area648 km2 (250.2 sq mi) [3]
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEDT (UTC+11)
MayorKay Fraser [4]
Council seat Speers Point
Region Hunter [5]
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
Lake-logo.jpg
Website City of Lake Macquarie
LGAs around City of Lake Macquarie:
Maitland Newcastle Newcastle
Cessnock City of Lake Macquarie Tasman Sea
Cessnock Central Coast Tasman Sea

The City of Lake Macquarie is a local government area in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia and was proclaimed a city from 7 September 1984. The area is situated adjacent to the city of Newcastle and is part of the Greater Newcastle Area. [12] The city is approximately 150 km (93 mi) north of Sydney. One of its major tourist attractions is its lake, also named Lake Macquarie.

Contents

The mayor of the City of Lake Macquarie Council is Councillor Kay Fraser, a member of the Labor Party. [4]

The Royal Australian Navy ship HMAS Tobruk was granted the Right of Freedom of Entry to the City of Lake Macquarie on 9 August 1991. [13]

History

The Shire of Lake Macquarie was proclaimed on 6 March 1906. It became a Municipality on 1 March 1977, and a city on 7 September 1984. [14] [15]

Main towns and villages

Lake Macquarie is home to several prominent coastal suburbs such as Catherine Hill Bay, Caves Beach, Blacksmiths Beach and Redhead. Retail centres include Belmont, Cardiff, Charlestown, Glendale, Swansea, Toronto, and Morisset with its large area and rapidly increasing developments.

Significant population centres include:

The various towns and suburbs are classified as being part of the Newcastle Statistical District. The City of Lake Macquarie has its own independent local government (Lake Macquarie City Council). The largest commercial centre in the region is Charlestown.

Demographics

Lake Macquarie suburbs
Charlestown 11,725
Warners Bay 7,457
Belmont North 6,481
Belmont 6,420
Edgeworth 6,252
Cardiff 5,779
Valentine 5,555

The area is a set of contiguous towns that surround a coastal saltwater lake. These towns merge with the suburbs of Newcastle to the north. Some suburbs, such as Adamstown Heights are partly in the City of Newcastle and partly within the City of Lake Macquarie. There are 92 identified settlements ranging from small rural style communities through to larger and higher density areas such as Toronto, Warners Bay, Belmont, Charlestown and Morisset.

At the 2011 census, there were 189,006 people in the Lake Macquarie local government area, of these 48.8% were male and 51.2% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.0% of the population, which was higher than the national and state averages. The median age of people in the City of Lake Macquarie was 41 years, which was significantly higher than the national median of 37 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 18.6% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 18.4% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 51.0% were married and 12.2% were either divorced or separated. [16]

Population growth in the City of Lake Macquarie between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 3.36%; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census, population growth was 3.20%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% respectively, population growth in Lake Macquarie local government area was approximately half the national average. [17] The median weekly income for residents within the City of Lake Macquarie was marginally below the national average. [16] [18]

At the 2011 Census, the proportion of residents in the Lake Macquarie local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Celtic exceeded 81% of all residents (national average was 65.2%). In excess of 58% of all residents in the City of Lake Macquarie nominated a religious affiliation with Christianity at the 2011 census, which was slightly higher than the national average of 50.2%. Meanwhile, as at the census date, compared to the national average, households in the Lake Macquarie local government area had a significantly lower than average proportion (5.4%) where two or more languages are spoken (national average was 20.4%); and a significantly higher proportion (93.0%) where English only was spoken at home (national average was 76.8%). [16]

Lake Macquarie at Croudace Bay Croudace Bay NSW.jpg
Lake Macquarie at Croudace Bay
Selected historical census data for Lake Macquarie local government area
Census year2001 [17] 2006 [18] 2011 [16] 2016 [1]
PopulationEstimated residents on Census night177,185183,138189,006197,371
LGA rank in terms of size within New South WalesSteady2.svg 4thSteady2.svg 4thDecrease2.svg 13th
% of New South Wales population2.73%Decrease2.svg 2.64%
% of Australian population0.94%Decrease2.svg 0.92%Decrease2.svg 0.88%Decrease2.svg 0.84%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
Australian 33.7%Decrease2.svg 32.0%
English 32.2%Decrease2.svg 31.9%
Scottish 8.2%Increase2.svg 8.6%
Irish 7.7%Increase2.svg 8.3%
German 3.0%Increase2.svg 3.1%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Italian 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%
Macedonian 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%
Mandarin 0.3%
Italian 0.3%
German 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%Decrease2.svg 0.2%
Cantonese n/cIncrease2.svg 0.2%Steady2.svg 0.2%
Spanish n/cn/cIncrease2.svg 0.2%Steady2.svg 0.2%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
No Religion 12.5%Increase2.svg 15.5%Increase2.svg 19.7%Increase2.svg 28.9%
Anglican 29.1%Decrease2.svg 27.6%Decrease2.svg 26.2%Decrease2.svg 21.3%
Catholic 23.0%Decrease2.svg 22.9%Decrease2.svg 22.8%Decrease2.svg 20.8%
Uniting Church 10.0%Decrease2.svg 8.8%Decrease2.svg 5.8%Increase2.svg 5.9%
Presbyterian and Reformed 4.4%Decrease2.svg 4.0%Decrease2.svg 3.6%
Median weekly incomes
Personal incomeMedian weekly personal incomeA$394A$520A$609
% of Australian median income84.5%90.1%Increase2.svg 92%
Family incomeMedian weekly family incomeA$922A$1,396A$1,610
% of Australian median income89.8%94.3%Increase2.svg 92.8%
Household incomeMedian weekly household incomeA$1,102A$1,177A$1,313
% of Australian median income94.1%90.5% bIncrease2.svg 91.3%

Economics

Lake Macquarie has a significant coal mining industry and smaller agriculture and manufacturing industries. Eraring power station, a 1980s-era coal-fired power station, supplies 25% of New South Wales' power. [19] Lake Macquarie has a number of Constructed Wetlands with the council placing an emphasis on the environment.

Council

Speers Point, which is shown in relation to Newcastle, is the seat of government for the city of Lake Macquarie. Worldwind Speers Point.jpg
Speers Point, which is shown in relation to Newcastle, is the seat of government for the city of Lake Macquarie.

Current composition and election method

Lake Macquarie City Council is composed of thirteen Councillors, including the mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office. The mayor is directly elected while the twelve other Councillors are elected proportionally as three separate wards, each electing four Councillors. The most recent election was held on the 10th of September 2016, and the makeup of the Council, including the mayor, is as follows: [4]

PartyCouncillors
  Labor Party 6
  Liberal Party 3
  Independent Lake Alliance 1
Lake Mac Independents3
Total13

The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election by ward, is:

WardCouncillorPartyNotes
Mayor [4]  Kay Fraser Labor
East Ward [20]  Adam Shultz Labor
 Nick Jones Liberal
Christine Buckley Labor
 John GilbertLake Mac Independents
North Ward [21]  Brian Adamthwaite Labor
 Kevin Baker Liberal
 Barney Langford Labor
 Colin GriggLake Mac Independents
West Ward [22]  David Belcher Labor
 Jason Pauling Liberal
 Wendy HarrisonIndependent Lake Alliance
 Luke CubisLake Mac Independents

Shopping

Major shopping centres include:

Arts and culture

Lake Macquarie has a number of cultural and artistic locations: [23]

Sister cities

The City of Lake Macquarie has sister city relations with the following cities: [24]

Related Research Articles

Morisset, New South Wales Suburb of Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia

Morisset is a commercial centre and suburb of the City of Lake Macquarie in New South Wales, Australia, and is located west of Lake Macquarie just off the Sydney-Newcastle Freeway. The count at the 2011 Census was 2,857 for the gazetted suburb of Morisset. The estimated urban population of the Morisset area, including Cooranbong, was 25,309 as at June 2018. The area is growing steadily, with population increasing 2.6 percent over the prior year, 2017, and having five-year average annual growth of 1.8 percent.

Hunter Region Region in New South Wales, Australia

The Hunter Region, also commonly known as the Hunter Valley, is a region of New South Wales, Australia, extending from approximately 120 km (75 mi) to 310 km (193 mi) north of Sydney. It contains the Hunter River and its tributaries with highland areas to the north and south. Situated at the northern end of the Sydney Basin bioregion, the Hunter Valley is one of the largest river valleys on the NSW coast, and is most commonly known for its wineries and coal industry.

Wyong Shire Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Wyong Shire was a local government area located in the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia, north of Sydney.

City of Cessnock Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

City of Cessnock is a local government area in the Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia. The area under administration is located to the west of Newcastle. The largest population centre and council seat is the city of Cessnock.

Municipality of Hunters Hill Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The Municipality of Hunter's Hill is a local government area on the Lower North Shore and Northern suburbs of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The municipality was first proclaimed in 1861, which includes the suburbs of Hunters Hill, Woolwich, Huntleys Point, Tarban, Henley and part of Gladesville.

Port Macquarie-Hastings Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Port Macquarie-Hastings Council is a local government area in the mid north coast region of New South Wales, Australia.

Gregory Michael Piper, an Australian politician, is the independent member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly representing Lake Macquarie since 2007. Piper also served as Mayor of City of Lake Macquarie between 2004 and 2012, prior to the enactment of the Local Government Amendment Act, 2012 (NSW) preventing dual membership of state parliament and local council.

Morisset railway station

Morisset railway station is located on the Main Northern line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the City of Lake Macquarie suburb of Morisset opening on 15 August 1887 as Morrisset being renamed on 1 February 1889.

Speers Point, New South Wales Suburb of Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia

Speers Point is a suburb within, and the location of the council seat of the City of Lake Macquarie local government area in New South Wales, Australia. It is 17 kilometres (10.6 mi) west-southwest of the city of Newcastle on the northern shore of Lake Macquarie, in Cockle and Warners Bays, between the suburbs of Cardiff and Warners Bay.

Port Stephens Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Port Stephens Council is a local government area in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is just north of Newcastle and is adjacent to the Pacific Highway which runs through Raymond Terrace, the largest town and Council seat. The area is named after Port Stephens, which is the major geographical feature of the area. It extends generally from the Hunter River in the south, to near Clarence Town in the north, and from the Tasman Sea in the east, to just south of Paterson in the west. The mayor of Port Stephens Council is Ryan Palmer. Port Stephens is about two and a half hours north of Sydney.

Windale, New South Wales Suburb of Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia

Windale is a suburb of the city of Lake Macquarie, in the Newcastle metropolitan area. It is located west of the junction of the Pacific Highway and Newcastle Inner City Bypass, covering an area of 1.7 km2 (0.7 sq mi).

Gloucester Shire Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Gloucester Shire was a local government area in the Mid North Coast and Upper Hunter regions of New South Wales, Australia. The Shire was situated adjacent to the Bucketts Way and the North Coast railway line.

City of Maitland Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The City of Maitland is a local government area in the lower Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is situated adjacent to the New England Highway and the Hunter railway line.

City of Newcastle Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The City of Newcastle is a local government area in the Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia. The City of Newcastle incorporates much of the area of the Newcastle metropolitan area.

Dungog Shire Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Dungog Shire is a local government area in the Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia. The Shire is situated adjacent to the Barrington Tops and consists predominantly of very rugged to hilly country which becomes less rugged from north to south.

Mandalong is a small rural town in the City of Lake Macquarie in New South Wales, Australia, located near the town of Morisset and west of Lake Macquarie.

Kilaben Bay, New South Wales Suburb of City of Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia

Kilaben Bay is a suburb of the city of Lake Macquarie in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. It is named for the bay of the same name that lies to the south of the suburb. The suburb's western boundary is heavily forested. Kilaben Bay is one of many suburbs that ring Lake Macquarie, Lake Munmorah, and Tuggerah Lake. Kilaben Bay is part of the West Ward of the City of Lake Macquarie local government area. For telephone call charges, Kilaben Bay is within the local call zone of the City of Newcastle.

Bus routes in Newcastle, New South Wales Wikimedia list article

Newcastle bus routes connect suburbs in and around Newcastle and Lake Macquarie, about 100 kilometres north of Sydney.

Jodie Harrison Australian politician

Jodie Elizabeth Harrison is an Australian politician who has represented the Charlestown Electorate in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for the Labor Party since 25 October 2014, when she was elected in a by-election.

References

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  2. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019. Estimated resident population (ERP) at 30 June 2018.
  3. Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "2011 Community Profiles: Lake Macquarie (Local Government Area)". 2011 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 10 September 2012. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
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  5. "Suburb Search – Local Council Boundaries – Hunter (HT) – Lake Macquarie City Council". New South Wales Division of Local Government. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  6. "Lake Macquarie Electoral District". New South Wales Electoral Commission . Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  7. "Swansea Electoral District". New South Wales Electoral Commission . Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  8. "Charlestown Electoral District". New South Wales Electoral Commission . Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  9. "Cessnock Electoral District". New South Wales Electoral Commission . Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  10. "Wallsend Electoral District". New South Wales Electoral Commission . Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  11. "Shortland". Australian Electoral Commission. 26 July 2012. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  12. "Greater Newcastle metropolitan planning - Department of Planning and Environment". www.planning.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
  13. Piper, Greg (April 2010). "Legend of ANZAC". p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
  14. "Council History: Lake Macquarie City Council". City of Lake Macquarie. 2 March 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2008.
  15. "Hunter History Highlights". Hunter Valley Research Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 December 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2008.
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  17. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Lake Macquarie (C)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
  18. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Lake Macquarie (C)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
  19. "Eraring Power Station". Hunter New England Area Health Service. 2005. Archived from the original on 13 November 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2008.
  20. "Elections NSW - Lake Macquarie City Council Elections 2016 - East Ward" (PDF).
  21. "Elections NSW - Lake Macquarie City Council Elections 2016 - North Ward" (PDF).
  22. "Elections NSW - Lake Macquarie City Council Elections 2016 - West Ward" (PDF).
  23. "Arts and Culture - Lake Macquarie NSW Accommodation & Holiday Rentals - tourist visitor information & guide, accommodation bookings, attractions, activities, NSW maps & much more" . Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  24. "Sister Cities". Lake Macquarie City Council. Retrieved 18 December 2012.