List of regions of Australia

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This is a list of regions of Australia that are not Australian states or territories. The most commonly known regionalisation is the governmental division of the state into regions for economic development purposes.

Contents

Others regionalisations include those made for purposes of land management, such as agriculture or conservation; information gathering, such as statistical or meteorological. Although most regionalisations were defined for specific purposes and give specific boundaries, many regions will have similar names and extents across different regionalisations. As a result, the names and boundaries of regions can vary and may overlap in popular places.

Not all the regions in this list have official status as an economic or administrative region.

Types of Australian regionalisation

A regionalisation of Australia is a system by which Australia is divided into regions. There are a great many different regionalisations, created for a range of purposes, including political, administrative, statistical and biological.

Political and administrative regionalisations

The most prominent regionalisation of Australia is the division into the various states and territories. For electoral purposes, the Australian Senate uses states and territories, but the Australian House of Representatives breaks the country into Divisions. Each state is similarly divided into electoral "regions", "districts" or "provinces", each of which elects members to the house or houses of the state's parliament. Finally, the country is divided into local government areas, each of which is administered by a council.

Other administrative regionalisations may exist within each state. For example, the whole of mainland Western Australia other than the Perth metropolitan area, is divided into regions for the purposes of administration of the Regional Development Commissions Act 1993 .

Statistical regionalisations

For the purposes of statistical geography, the Australian Bureau of Statistics uses the Australian Standard Geographical Classification, a hierarchical regionalisation whose coarsest level is the states and territories, then statistical divisions, statistical subdivisions, statistical local areas, and finally, census collection districts.

Biogeographical regionalisations

Until recently, most biogeographical and phytogeographical regionalisations of Australia were individually defined for each state and territories; for example: Gwen Harden's botanical regionalisation of New South Wales; Orchard's "natural regions" regionalisation of Tasmania; and John Stanley Beard's division of Western Australia into Botanical Provinces and Botanical Districts.

More recently, two regionalisations that cover the entire country have been put in place. The World Wildlife Fund's regionalisation of the world into 825 terrestrial ecoregions created 40 ecoregions in Australia. Within Australia, however, the de facto standard regionalisation is now the Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia (IBRA). This divides Australia into 85 bioregions, which are further divided into 404 subregions.

Others

There are a range of other regionalisations of Australia, including:

Multi-state/territorial

New South Wales

See also the Bureau of Meteorology's NSW regions map. [1]

Northern Territory

See also the Bureau of Meteorology's NT region map [2]

Queensland

See also the Bureau of Meteorology's Queensland region map [3]

South Australia

See also the Bureau of Meteorology's South Australia regions map [4]

Tasmania

See also the Bureau of Meteorology's Tasmania regions map [5]

Victoria

See also the Bureau of Meteorology's Victoria regions map [6]

Official

The six official regions of Victoria are: [7]

Unofficial

Western Australia

See also the Bureau of Meteorology's Western Australia regions map. [8]

The Western Australian system of regions defined by the Government of Western Australia for purposes of economic development administration, which excludes the Perth metropolitan area, is a series of nine regions.

The nine defined regions are:

See also

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CountryLink

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Regions of Western Australia

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Mallee (Victoria) Region in Victoria, Australia

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The North West Slopes region of New South Wales, Australia, refers generally to the area west of the Northern Tablelands, to the north of the Central West region and to the east of the Far West region. Despite its name, the region is in northeastern New South Wales, corresponding generally to the Australian Bureau of Meteorology's forecast area of North West Slopes and Plains. The administrative areas of the region include the city of Tamworth, Gunnedah, Moree, Narrabri and Inverell.

Drought in Australia Rainfall deficiency in Australia

Drought in Australia is defined by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology as rainfall over a three-month period being in the lowest decile of what has been recorded for that region in the past. This definition takes into account that drought is a relative term and rainfall deficiencies need to be compared to typical rainfall patterns including seasonal variations. Specifically, drought in Australia is defined in relation to a rainfall deficiency of pastoral leases and is determined by decile analysis applied to a certain area. Note that this definition uses rainfall only because long-term records are widely available across most of Australia. However, it does not take into account other variables that might be important for establishing surface water balance, such as evaporation and condensation.

In the state of New South Wales, Australia, there are many areas which are commonly known by regional names. Regions are areas that share similar characteristics. These characteristics may be natural such as the Murray River, the coastline, or the Snowy Mountains. Alternatively, the characteristics may be cultural, such as a viticulture land use. New South Wales is divided by numerous regional boundaries, based on different characteristics. In many cases boundaries defined by different agencies are coterminous.

The regions of Victoria vary according to the different ways that the Australian state of Victoria is divided into distinct geographic regions. The most commonly used regions are those created by the state government for the purposes of economic development.

Geography of Queensland Geography of Queensland in north-east of Australia

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Today South Australia's land borders are defined to the west by the 129° east longitude with Western Australia, to the north by the 26th parallel south latitude with the Northern Territory and Queensland and to the east by 141° east longitude with Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria; however, this is not where all borders are actually marked on the ground.

Today the Northern Territory's land borders are defined to the west by the 129° east longitude with Western Australia, to the south by the 26th parallel south latitude with South Australia and to the east by 138° east longitude with Queensland; however, this is not where all borders are actually marked on the ground.

In South Australia, one of the states of Australia, there are many areas which are commonly known by regional names. Regions are areas that share similar characteristics. These characteristics may be natural such as the Murray River, the coastline, desert or mountains. Alternatively, the characteristics may be cultural, such as common land use. South Australia is divided by numerous sets of regional boundaries, based on different characteristics. In many cases boundaries defined by different agencies are coterminous.

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References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 November 2009. Retrieved 6 November 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) NSW regions map
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 October 2006. Retrieved 3 October 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) NT regions map
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 October 2006. Retrieved 3 October 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) QLD regions map
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 August 2009. Retrieved 23 February 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) SA regions map
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 October 2006. Retrieved 3 October 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Tasmania regions map
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 August 2009. Retrieved 16 October 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) VIC regions map
  7. "Victorian Regions and Regional Cities". Regional Development Victoria. Victorian Government. Archived from the original on 26 July 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 March 2008. Retrieved 1 March 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Western Australia regions