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This is a list of significant earthquakes recorded within Australia and its territories. The currency used is the Australian dollar (A$) unless noted otherwise.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.
The Australian dollar is the currency of Australia, including its external territories: Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island. It is officially used as currency by three independent Pacific Island states: Kiribati, Nauru, and Tuvalu. It is legal tender in Australia. Within Australia, it is almost always abbreviated with the dollar sign ($), with A$ or AU$ sometimes used to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is subdivided into 100 cents.
|State||Location||Date||M||MMI||Deaths||Injuries||Total damage / notes|
|Offshore Cape Schanck||1855-09-17||5.5||Minor damage in Melbourne and surroundings.[ citation needed ]|
|New South Wales||Newcastle||1868-06-18||5.3||Damage in Hunter Street and the Newcastle suburbs of The Hill and Wallsend (then known as Pitt Town).|
|Victoria||Eastern Highlands||1869-08-30||5.4||Light building damage and smashed windows reported around the Mt Hotham region including in Benalla and Omeo. Felt widely across eastern Victoria and southern New South Wales, including Melbourne and Albury.|
|South Australia||Dorset Vale||1883-07-07||4.7||IV||1||Felt strongly throughout southern South Australia including within Adelaide where one man was injured after jumping out through a window due to fright.|
|Queensland||Gayndah||1883-08-28||5.9||Caused major damage in the Gayndah region.|
|Tasmania||Flinders Island||1884-07-13||6.4||VI||Felt across Tasmania and in eastern Victoria (MMIII-IV). Extensive minor damage across eastern Tasmania including fallen plaster, cracked ceilings and walls, damaged chimneys in Launceston (MMV) and items knocked from shelves. Part of the 1883-1892 West Tasman Sea earthquake swarm.|
|Tasmania||Flinders Island||1884-09-19||6.4||VI||Felt across Tasmania and in eastern Victoria. Minor damage in northwest Tasmania. Part of the 1883-1892 West Tasman Sea earthquake swarm.|
|Western Australia||Geraldton||1885-01-05||6.5||V||1||Minor damage to buildings. Epicentre estimated to be off Geraldton coast.|
|Tasmania||Flinders Island||1885-05-13||6.8||VI||Felt across Tasmania and large parts of Victoria, including in Melbourne and Geelong (MMIII), as well as in southeastern New South Wales (MMMIV-V). Extensive minor damage across eastern Tasmania including fallen plaster, cracked ceilings and walls, damaged chimneys, items knocked from shelves, and damage to church spires. Part of the 1883-1892 West Tasman Sea earthquake swarm.|
|Victoria||Cape Liptrap||1885-07-02||5.7||Tied with the 1922 and 1965 events as Victoria's largest earthquake. Felt throughout Victoria, including Melbourne and Geelong. Minor damage around epicentre.|
|New South Wales/ACT||Yass||1886-11-15||5.5||Damage caused in Yass, felt strongly in Queanbeyan.|
|Tasmania||Flinders Island||1892-01-27||6.9||VIII||Felt across Tasmania (MMIV-VI), Victoria (MMIII-V), and southeastern New South Wales (MMV). Extensive minor damage across eastern Tasmania including fallen plaster, cracked ceilings and walls, damaged chimneys, and collapsed verandahs. Part of the 1883-1892 West Tasman Sea earthquake swarm.|
|South Australia||Beachport - Robe||1897-05-10||6.5||UK||IX||50||NGDC|
|Victoria||Portarlington||1899-11-23||4.7||V||Minor damage reported around Portalington and nearby towns including large cracks, smashed windows, and items thrown from shelves. Felt widely across Melbourne, Geelong, and western Gippsland.|
|South Australia||Warooka||1902-09-19||6.0||VIII||2||1||Widespread damage to the town's many stone buildings. Minor damage and panic in Adelaide. First earthquake in Australia to have caused fatalities.|
|Victoria||Warrnambool||1903-07-14||5.3||VII||Regarded as Victoria's most damaging earthquake, extensive minor damage occurred throughout Warrnambool and a few nearby towns. Minor damage also occurred by a magnitude 5.0 foreshock in April.|
|New South Wales||Newcastle||1906-05-16||UK||Damage in the suburb of The Hill. Ruptured water mains. Caused some cliff erosion|
|New South Wales||Taree - Newcastle||1916-06-11||UK||Damage to the Seal Rocks lighthouse. Caused alarm along the Mid-North Coast.|
|Queensland||Bundaberg - Rockhampton||1918-06-07||6.0||VI||Offshore. Caused "serious damage" to Rockhampton, Bundaberg and Gladstone.|
|Victoria||Offshore Ocean Grove||1922-04-10||5.7||V||Chimney collapse in Glen Iris. Objects thrown from shelves in Cranbourne, East Malvern, Pakenham and Portalington. Felt as far north as Ivanhoe, as far west as Warnambool and as far south as Burnie, Tasmania. A magnitude 4.9 earthquake struck a few kilometres east of this earthquake back on the morning of 1 March 1922, which was felt throughout Melbourne, knocking picture frames off a wall in Cowes.|
|New South Wales||Newcastle||1925-12-18||5.3||Damage and panic in Hunter Street (particularly at the Theatre Royal).|
|Tasmania||North East Tasmania||1929-12-29||5.6||Significant damage in Launceston, Tasmania; felt across Western Tasmania from Burnie to Hobart.|
|Victoria||Benalla||1931-04-17||4.5||VI||Largest event in a series of earthquakes that occurred near Benalla during the 1930s. Damage included smashed windows, large cracks, collapsed chimneys, and items thrown from shelves.|
|Victoria||Mornington Peninsula||1932-09-03||5.1||VI||3||Minor damage caused throughout the Mornington Peninsula. Recent analysis has relocated the epicentre to in-between the towns of Moorooduc, Somerville, and Tyabb.|
|New South Wales||Gunning||1934-11-15||5.6||Damaged a majority of the buildings in Gunning. Felt strongly in Canberra.|
|Queensland||Gayndah||1935-04-12||5.4||VI||1||Caused considerable damage to the town of Gayndah. One fatality.|
|Victoria||Monbulk||1937-06-18||3.6||V||1||Although a minor earthquake, recent newspaper analysis discovered that this earthquake may have triggered a mining related injury in Moorooduc where a loosened rock fell and struck a young man, resulting in a broken arm.|
|Western Australia||Meeberrie||1941-04-29||6.3||VIII||Severe shaking, burst water tanks and cracked ground at Meeberrie homestead. Minor damage reported in Perth, 500 kilometres (311 mi) away.|
|Victoria / Tasmania||Bass Strait||1946-09-15||6.2||1||Minor damage reported in Tasmania from Burnie to Huonville, and in Gippsland, Victoria. Offshore earthquake|
|New South Wales||Dalton and Gunning||1949-03-10||5.5||Significant damage in Dalton and Gunning; minor cracks in some buildings in Canberra. Felt from Sydney in the north to Narooma and Cooma in the south.|
|South Australia||Adelaide||1954-03-01||5.5||VIII||16||Damage totaling $90 million. Widespread minor damage. Considerable damage to many buildings.|
|Western Australia||Gabalong||1955-08-30||5.8||V||Felt in Perth. Epicentre near Gabalong, about 30 km east of Moora and 200 km NNE of Perth|
|Victoria||Cape Otway||1960-12-25||5.3||V||No major damage reported.|
|New South Wales||Robertson and Bowral||1961-05-21||5.5||ML||VII||$3.4 million|
|Victoria||Mt Hotham||1966-05-04||5.5||V||Broken Windows at Mt Hotham Ski Village. Felt across North-eastern Victoria, Gippsland and South-eastern New South Wales. Not felt in Melbourne.|
|Western Australia||Meckering||1968-10-14||6.5||Mw||IX||33||$2.2 million|
|Victoria||Boolarra, Victoria||1969-06-20||5.3||VI||5.0 aftershock two days later. Cracked walls and stacked chimneys in and around epicentral area. Felt in central and eastern Victoria including Geelong, Benalla and Orbost and on Flinders Island.|
|Western Australia||Lake Mackay||1970-03-24||6.0||Little damage due to the remoteness of the area. Part of a sequence of c. 25 quakes of magnitude 5.0 or greater in the Canning Basin area of northern Western Australia between 1970 and 1982.|
|Victoria||Western Port||1971-07-07||5.0||VI||Minor damage in Cowes, Flinders and Shoreham. Felt throughout Melbourne, Western Port Bay and Gippsland.|
|New South Wales||Picton||1973-03-10||5.5||VI||Damage totalling $2.8 million. Minor damage in Picton, Bowral and Wollongong|
|Victoria||Balliang||1977-12-02||4.7||V||1||Felt strongly in Geelong and across the suburbs of Melbourne, caused minor damage in the Anakie area.|
|Western Australia||Cadoux||1979-06-02||6.1||IX||5||25 buildings in Cadoux were damaged. Damage cost $3.8 million. Perth, 180 kilometres (112 mi) away experienced some swaying of tall buildings but no damage was reported. This was one of the largest onshore earthquakes recorded in Australia.|
|Victoria||Wonnangatta, Victoria||1982-11-21||5.4||V||The epicentre was in the remote Wonnangatta Valley, along the Wonnangatta Fault; it was mostly felt widely in Eastern Victoria and South Eastern New South Wales and throughout Melbourne and its South Eastern suburbs but not in Geelong. Minor damage was reported in nearby towns.|
|New South Wales||Wyalong||1982-11-26||4.6||VI||The largest event in a series of earthquakes that occurred near Wyalong during 1982. Extensive minor damage reported in Wyalong, West Wyalong, and surrounding towns. In Wyalong damage included cracking of external and internal walls, items thrown from shelves, and a partly collapsed shop awning.|
|New South Wales||Oolong||1984-08-09||4.3||V||Minor damage in and around the town of Oolong, including in the town of Dalton where the spire of St Matthews Anglican Church was permanently knocked side ways. Produced the highest Peak Ground Acceleration reading in Australian history.|
|New South Wales||Lithgow||1985-02-13||4.3||V-VII||Minor damage in and around the town of Lithgow including demolished chimneys, smashed windows, and cracked masonry walls. Power outages were also reported. The total damage came to $65,000.|
|Northern Territory||Marryat Creek||1986-10-30||5.9||Damage was minor, cracked walls observed in DeRose Hill and Victory Downs stations. Felt in Alice Springs 300 kilometres (186 mi) to the north, and Coober Pedy 350 kilometres (217 mi) to the south.|
|Northern Territory||Tennant Creek||1988-01-22||6.2, 6.3, 6.6||VII||Two buildings and 3 other structures damaged, damage caused to natural gas pipeline. Total damage $2.5 million. Three earthquakes of between 6.3 and 6.7 on the Richter scale. Remarkably caused little damage, despite the intensity of the quake. Felt in high-rise buildings as far away as Perth and Adelaide|
|Northern Territory||Uluru||1989-05-28||5.7||VII||Minor damage was reported at Yulara resort|
|New South Wales||Newcastle, New South Wales||1989-12-28||5.6||ML||VIII||13||160||$4 billion in damage|
|New South Wales||Ellalong||1994-08-06||5.4||5||1,000 homes and 50 other buildings damaged. Total damage $36 million.|
|Victoria||Mount Baw Baw||1996-09-25||5.0||VI||Despite the minor damage reported around the quake's epicentre, this event is noteworthy as it was the largest earthquake in a swarm triggered by the creation of the Thomson Dam, dating back to the late 1970s.|
|South Australia||Burra||1997-03-05||5.0||No major damage. Felt over a wide area.|
|Western Australia||Collier Bay||1997-08-10||6.3||Mw||No major damage. Felt from Broome to Halls Creek and Kununurra. Strongest earthquake recorded in Australia since the 1988 Tennant Creek earthquake.|
|New South Wales||Appin, New South Wales, southwest of Sydney||1999-03-17||4.8||V||65 kilometres (40 mi) southwest of Sydney, New South Wales. Depth only 3.2 km. Felt in Sydney and caused 1000 homes to lose power.|
|Victoria||Boolarra, Victoria||2000-08-29||5.0||V||Caused minor damage. Felt strongly throughout Gippsland and Melbourne.|
|Victoria||Swan Hill, Victoria||2001-10-27||4.8||V||Felt in Swan Hill near VIC–NSW border, Minor damage including fallen chimneys and fallen shelve items. Power disruptions.|
|Tasmania||Beaconsfield, Tasmania||2006-04-25||2.2||1||2||This micro earthquake triggered the Beaconsfield Mine Collapse.|
|Western Australia||Kalgoorlie||2010-04-20||5.2||Mw||V||2||Extensive damage to buildings throughout Kalgoorlie- Boulder.|
|Victoria||Gippsland||2012-06-19||5.4||ML||VI||1||Minor extensive damage reported around the Gippsland area, including smashed windows, items thrown from shelves, destroyed chimneys, and ceiling tile collapses. An indirect minor injury reported from a man who fell from a ladder in Melbourne's suburbs. Damage bill in the millions. Largest aftershock was a magnitude 4.4 just over a month later, and was too felt across Gippsland and Melbourne.|
|Queensland||Coral Sea||2015-07-30||5.5||Mw||V||Slight building damage|
|New South Wales||Orange, NSW||2017-04-13||4.3||Mw||IV||3||Slight damage to Cadia-Ridgeway Mine and was felt in Orange, Bathurst, Blayney, Millthorpe, Molong and surrounds. Caused damage to houses and farms 7 km around.|
|Western Australia||Lake Muir||2018-9-16||5.7||Mw||No damage, felt in South West, Great Southern, Peel and Wheatbelt regions.|
|Western Australia||Lake Muir||2018-10-13||4.7||Mw|
|Western Australia||Lake Muir||2018-11-9||5.4||Mw|
|Western Australia||Broome||2019-07-14||6.6||Mw||VI||Offshore earthquake with epicentre between Broome and Port Hedland. Minor structural damage reported to buildings and restaurants in Broome itself.|
|The inclusion criteria for adding events are based on WikiProject Earthquakes' notability guideline that was developed for stand alone articles. The principles described are also applicable to lists. In summary, only damaging, injurious, or deadly events should be recorded. Mw = moment magnitude scale | Ms = surface wave magnitude | UK = Unknown|
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