Manufacturing in Australia peaked in the 1960s at 25% of the country's gross domestic product, and has since dropped below 10%.
The contribution of manufacturing to Australia's gross domestic product peaked in the 1960s at 25%, and had dropped to 13% by 2001–2 million, and employed 1.1 million people.and 10.5% by 2005–6. In 2004–05, the manufacturing industry exported products worth $67,400
In 2000–2001, $3.3 billion was spent on assistance to the manufacturing industry, with 40% going to the textile, clothing and footwear industry and the passenger motor vehicle industry.At that time, manufacturing accounted for 48% of exports, and 45% of Australian research and development.
In 2007, the breakdown of manufacturing by state, and the fraction of gross state product (GSP) which it contributed, were as follows:
|State||Percentage of national manufacturing||Percentage of GSP|
|New South Wales||32||10|
|Australian Capital Territory||0.5||2|
Between 2001 and 2007, the approximate breakdown by industry changed as follows:
|Industry||Percent in 2001||Percent in 2007|
|Food, beverages and tobacco||19||19|
|Textile, clothing and footwear||5||3|
|Wood and paper products||7||6|
|Printing, publishing and recorded media||10||10|
|Petroleum, coal and chemical products||15||14|
|Non-metal mineral products||4||5|
|Machinery and equipment||17||19|
The food and beverage manufacturing industry is the largest in Australia. The sectors include the following:
|Meat and meat products||17,836|
|Beverage and malt manufacturing||13,289|
|Sugar and confectionery manufacturing||6,456|
|Fruit and vegetable processing||4,672|
|Flour mill and cereal food manufacturing||3,692|
|Oil and fat manufacturing||1,547|
|Seafood processing||1,330 *|
|Other food manufacturing||8,554|
* Before the 2010 closure of the Port Lincoln Tuna cannery
Until trade liberalisation in the mid 1980s, Australia had a large textile industry[ citation needed ]. This decline continued through the first decade of the 21st century. Since the 1980s, tariffs have steadily been reduced; in early 2010, the tariffs were reduced from 17.5 percent to 10 percent on clothing, and 7.5–10% to 5% for footwear and other textiles. As of 2010, most textile manufacturing, even by Australian companies, is performed in Asia.
As of 2008, four companies mass produced cars in Australia.Mitsubishi ceased production in March 2008, followed by Ford in 2016, and Holden and Toyota in 2017.
Holden bodyworks are manufactured at Elizabeth, South Australia and engines are produced at the Fishermens Bend plant in Port Melbourne, Victoria. In 2006, Holden's export revenue was just under A$ 1.3 billion. In March 2012, Holden was given a $270 million lifeline by the Australian government. In return, Holden planned to inject over $1 billion into car manufacturing in Australia. They estimated the new investment package would return around $4 billion to the Australian economy and see GM Holden continue making cars in Australia until at least 2022. However, Holden announced on 11 December 2013 that Holden cars would no longer be manufactured in Australia from the end of 2017.
Ford has two main factories, both in Victoria: located in the Geelong suburb of Norlane and the northern Melbourne suburb of Broadmeadows. Both plants were closed down in October 2016.
Until 2006, Toyota had factories in Port Melbourne and Altona, Victoria. Since then, all manufacturing has been at Altona. In 2008, Toyota exported 101,668 vehicles worth $1,900 million. In 2011 the figures were "59,949 units worth $1,004 million". On 10 February 2014 it was announced that by the end of 2017 Toyota would cease manufacturing vehicles and engines in Australia.
In March 2012, a new Australian auto maker, Tomcar, announced they are to build a new factory in Melbourne.
|Ford Australia||Geelong VIC||Cars||Example||2016 TBC|
|Ford Australia||Broadmeadows VIC||Example||Example||Example|
|Holden||Port Melbourne VIC||Engines||Example||2016 TBC|
|Holden||Elizabeth SA||Cars||Example||2017 TBC|
Australia has a chemical industry, including the manufacture of many petrochemicals.
Many mining companies, such as BHP and Comalco, perform initial processing of raw materials.Similarly, Australia's agriculture feeds into the chemical industry. Tasmania produces 40% of the world's raw narcotic materials; some of this is locally converted into codeine and other pharmaceuticals in Tasmania by Tasmanian Alkaloids, owned by Johnson and Johnson, while GlaxoSmithKline processes some of the resulting poppy straw in Victoria.
A partial list of companies operating manufacturing facilities in Australia, with their most important products.
Companies that closed down, or moved manufacturing offshore.