City of Hawkesbury

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City of Hawkesbury
New South Wales
Location in New South Wales
Coordinates 33°25′S150°47′E / 33.417°S 150.783°E / -33.417; 150.783 Coordinates: 33°25′S150°47′E / 33.417°S 150.783°E / -33.417; 150.783
Population64,592 (2016 census) [1]
 • Density23.268/km2 (60.264/sq mi)
Established1 January 1981
Area2,776 km2 (1,071.8 sq mi)
MayorBarry Calvert (Labor)
Council seat Windsor [2]
Region Greater Western Sydney
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s) Macquarie
Website City of Hawkesbury
LGAs around City of Hawkesbury:
Mid-Western Singleton Cessnock,
Central Coast
Lithgow City of Hawkesbury Hills
Blue Mountains Penrith Blacktown

The City of Hawkesbury is a local government area of New South Wales, Australia, part of which is at the fringe of the Sydney metropolitan area, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) north-west of the Sydney central business district. Hawkesbury City is named after the Hawkesbury River.


The Mayor of the City of Hawkesbury is Cr. Barry Calvert, a member of the Australian Labor Party, and the first Labor Mayor of the City of Hawkesbury.

Suburbs and localities

Until recently[ when? ] the City of Hawkesbury remained largely rural, but urban expansion within Sydney has since transformed the southern part of the area into dormitory suburbs. The northern part of the local government area still contains some farmlands and national parkland, which will remain untouched due to the inaccessible terrain.

The Hawkesbury has a rich indigenous history of the Darug people. There are also many towns, such as historic Windsor, Richmond, Pitt Town, Cattai, and Ebenezer which feature European settlement sites and architecture dating back to the 1800's.

Suburbs and localities in the City of Hawkesbury are:


At the 2016 Census, there were 64,592 people in the Hawkesbury local government area. Of these, 49.5% were male and 50.5% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.7% of the population, which is 1.3% above the national average. The median age of people in the City of Hawkesbury was 38 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 19.9% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 14.4% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 49.3% were married and 12.4% were either divorced or separated. [3]

Population in the City of Hawkesbury between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census decreased by 0.54%; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census, population growth was 2.96%. Between the 2011 and 2016 Census, population increased by a further 1.04%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, population growth in Hawkesbury local government area was significantly lower than the national average. [4] The median weekly income for residents within the City of Hawkesbury has been consistently marginally higher than the national average. [3] [5] [6]

At the 2016 Census, the proportion of residents in the Hawkesbury local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or English amounted to 60%, which decreased from 62% in 2011. The majority of people from the Hawkesbury identified as having a Catholic (27.5%) or Anglican (24.6%) religious affiliation in 2016.

Selected historical census data for Hawkesbury local government area
Census year2001 [4] 2006 [6] 2011 [5] 2016 [3]
PopulationEstimated residents on census night 60,887Decrease60,561Increase62,353Increase64,592
LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales34th
% of New South Wales population0.90%
% of Australian population0.32%Decrease 0.31%Decrease 0.29%
Cultural and language diversity
top responses
Australian 32.6%Decrease 30.4%
English 29.5%Steady 29.5%
Irish 7.6%Increase 8.3%
Scottish 6.3%Increase 6.8%
Maltese 3.1%Increase 3.5%
top responses
(other than English)
Maltese 0.8%Decrease 0.7%Increase 0.8%Increase 0.9%
Italian 0.6%Steady 0.6%Decrease 0.5%Decrease 0.4%
Cantonese 0.3%
German 0.3%Steady 0.3%Steady 0.3%Steady 0.3%
Arabic 0.3%Steady 0.3%Steady 0.3%Steady 0.3%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
Catholic 26.6%Increase 27.3%Increase 28.2%Decrease 27.5%
Anglican 30.9%Decrease 29.9%Decrease 29.4%Decrease 24.6%
No Religion 12.2%Increase 14.8%Increase 16.7%Increase 23.9%
Not stated8.3%
Uniting Church 5.7%Decrease 5.0%Decrease 4.4%Decrease 3.3%
Presbyterian and Reformed 3.0%Increase 5.7%Decrease 2.8%
Median weekly incomes
Personal incomeMedian weekly personal incomeA$527IncreaseA$622Increase A$728
% of Australian median income113.1%Decrease 107.8%Increase 110.0%
Family incomeMedian weekly family incomeA$1,146Increase A$1,598Increase A$1,916
% of Australian median income111.6%Decrease 107.9%Increase 110.5%
Household incomeMedian weekly household incomeA$1,290Increase A$1,385Increase A$1,668
% of Australian median income110.2%Increase 112.2%Increase 116.0%


Current composition and election method

Hawkesbury City Council is composed of twelve Councillors elected proportionally as one entire ward. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, and the makeup of the Council is as follows: [7]

Independents and Unaligned5
Liberal Party 4
Labor Party 2
The Greens 1

The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election, is: [7]

Sarah Richards Liberal
Barry Calvert Labor Mayor
Peter Reynolds Independent
Tiffany Tree Liberal
Amanda Kotlash Labor
Patrick Conolly Liberal
Danielle Wheeler Greens
Mary Lyons-Buckett Independent Deputy Mayor
Emma-Jane Garrow Independent
Paul Rasmussen Independent
Nathan Zamprogno Liberal
John RossUnaligned


The original inhabitants of the Hawkesbury district were the Darug tribe of Aboriginals, also spelt as Dharug or Daruk. The river, which they called Derrubbin, was a focal point as a source of food and transport. The Darug people used the river to farm for fish, eels, water birds, and mussels. They also used the river as a mode of transport in bark canoes. [8]

It was first settled by Europeans in 1794 in a bid to acquire arable land to feed the increasing population of the penal colony at Sydney. In April 1794, Lieutenant Governor Francis Grose submitted plans for the first 22 farms on the Hawkesbury River in the present Pitt Town Bottoms area. In June 1795 a camp of aborigines opposing the landtakings was harassed by a British regiment commanded by Paterson (who later regretted the necessary injustice). [9]

By 1811 Governor Lachlan Macquarie established the five Macquarie Towns in the area. They are Windsor, Richmond, Castlereagh, Wilberforce and Pitt Town. Many of the early 19th century buildings still survive today. Ebenezer has the oldest surviving church and school building in Australia. Windsor District Council was formed in 1843 and disbanded in 1846. In 1871 the Borough Council of Windsor was founded and the Richmond Borough Council followed in 1872. The two councils amalgamated in 1949 to become the Municipality of Windsor. Colo Shire Council was established in 1906 and joined Windsor Municipal Council from 1 January 1981 to become Hawkesbury Shire Council. [10] [11] In 1989, Hawkesbury became a City. [12]

See also


  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hawkesbury (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 July 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. "Hawkesbury City Council". Division of Local Government . Retrieved 2 December 2006.
  3. 1 2 3 "2016 Census QuickStats: Hawkesbury (C)". Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  4. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Hawkesbury (C)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  5. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Hawkesbury (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 November 2012. Edit this at Wikidata
  6. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Hawkesbury (C)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  7. 1 2 "Hawkesbury City Council - Summary of First Preference and Group Votes for each Candidate". Local Government Elections 2016. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 19 September 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  8. "Untitled Document". Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  9. Grassby, Albert Jaime; Hill, Marji (1988). Six Australian Battlefields. Angus & Robertson. p. 324. ISBN   1864486724.
  10. "ELECTIONS POSTPONED 40 country councils in NSW to amalgamate". The Canberra Times. 54, (16, 346). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 27 June 1980. p. 6. Retrieved 2 November 2017 via National Library of Australia.
  11. "Details of new NSW local government". The Canberra Times . 55, (16, 459). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 18 October 1980. p. 9. Retrieved 2 November 2017 via National Library of Australia.
  12. "History of the Hawkesbury". Hawkesbury City Council. 2012. Archived from the original on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2012.