City of Hawkesbury

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City of Hawkesbury
New South Wales
Hawkesbury LGA NSW.png
Location in New South Wales
Coordinates 33°25′S150°47′E / 33.417°S 150.783°E / -33.417; 150.783 Coordinates: 33°25′S150°47′E / 33.417°S 150.783°E / -33.417; 150.783
Population
 • Density23.268/km2 (60.264/sq mi)
Established1 January 1981
Area2,776 km2 (1,071.8 sq mi)
MayorBarry Calvert (Labor)
Council seat Windsor [3]
Region Greater Western Sydney
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s) Macquarie
Hawkesbury City Council Logo.png
Website City of Hawkesbury
LGAs around City of Hawkesbury:
Mid-Western Singleton Cessnock,
Central Coast
Lithgow City of Hawkesbury Hills
Blue Mountains Penrith Blacktown

The City of Hawkesbury is a local government area of New South Wales, Australia, part of which is at the fringe of the Sydney metropolitan area, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) north-west of the Sydney central business district. Hawkesbury City is named after the Hawkesbury River.

Local government in Australia third tier of government in Australia

Local government in Australia is the third tier of government in Australia administered by the states and territories, which in turn are beneath the federal tier. Local government is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia and two referenda in the 1970s and 1980s to alter the Constitution relating to local government were unsuccessful. Every state government recognises local government in their respective constitutions. Unlike Canada or the United States, there is only one level of local government in each state, with no distinction such as cities and counties.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In December 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 26 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Contents

The Mayor of the City of Hawkesbury is Cr. Barry Calvert, a member of the Australian Labor Party, and the first Labor Mayor of the City of Hawkesbury.

In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.

A Councillor is a member of a local government council.

Australian Labor Party Political party in Australia

The Australian Labor Party is a major centre-left political party in Australia. The party has been in opposition at the federal level since the 2013 election. The party is a federal party with branches in each state and territory. Labor is in government in the states of Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, and in both the Australian Capital Territory and Northern Territory. The party competes against the Liberal/National Coalition for political office at the federal and state levels. It is the oldest political party in Australia.

Suburbs and localities

Suburbs and localities in the City of Hawkesbury are:

Agnes Banks, New South Wales Suburb of City of Penrith, New South Wales, Australia

Agnes Banks is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Agnes Banks is 68 kilometres north-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government areas of the City of Penrith and City of Hawkesbury. It is part of the Greater Western Sydney region.

City of Penrith Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The City of Penrith is a local government area in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The seat of the city is located in Penrith, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Sydney's central business district.It occupies part of the traditional lands of the Darug people. First incorporated as a municipality on 12 May 1871, on 1 January 1949, the municipalities of Penrith, St Marys and Castlereagh and part of the Nepean Shire amalgamated to form a new Municipality of Penrith. Penrith was declared a City on 21 October 1959, and expanded westwards to include Emu Plains and Emu Heights, formerly part of the City of Blue Mountains, on 25 October 1963. As at the 2016 census the City of Penrith had an estimated population of 196,066.

Berambing, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Berambing is a small village in the Blue Mountains of New South Wales, Australia. The village sits on the Bells Line of Road, between Windsor and Lithgow, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) west of Bilpin. It is situated across both the City of Hawkesbury and City of Blue Mountains local government areas. The settlement had a population of 106 people at the 2016 census.

History

The original inhabitants of the Hawkesbury district were the Darug tribe of Aboriginals, also spelt as Dharug or Daruk. The river, which they called Derrubbin, was a focal point as a source of food and transport. The Darug people used the river to farm for fish, eels, water birds, and mussels. They also used the river as a mode of transport in bark canoes. [4]

Darug Group descending from an indigenous Australian people of that name

The Darug are a group descending from an indigenous Australian people of that name, which shares strong ties of kinship and, in pre-colonial times, survived as skilled hunters in family groups or clans scattered throughout much of what is modern-day Sydney.

It was first settled by Europeans in 1794 in a bid to acquire arable land to feed the increasing population of the penal colony at Sydney. In April 1794, Lieutenant Governor Francis Grose submitted plans for the first 22 farms on the Hawkesbury River in the present Pitt Town Bottoms area. In June 1795 a camp of aborigines opposing the landtakings was harassed by a British regiment commanded by Paterson (who later regretted the necessary injustice). [5]

Europe Continent in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

Arable land Land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops

Arable land is, according to one definition, land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops. In Britain, it was traditionally contrasted with pasturable land such as heaths which could be used for sheep-rearing but not farmland.

Penal colony remote settlement used to house convicts from the general population

A penal colony or exile colony is a settlement used to exile prisoners and separate them from the general population by placing them in a remote location, often an island or distant colonial territory. Although the term can be used to refer to a correctional facility located in a remote location it is more commonly used to refer to communities of prisoners overseen by wardens or governors having absolute authority.

By 1811 Governor Lachlan Macquarie established the five Macquarie Towns in the area. They are Windsor, Richmond, Castlereagh, Wilberforce and Pitt Town. Many of the early 19th century buildings still survive today. Ebenezer has the oldest surviving church and school building in Australia. Windsor District Council was formed in 1843 and disbanded in 1846. In 1871 the Borough Council of Windsor was founded and the Richmond Borough Council followed in 1872. The two councils amalgamated in 1949 to become the Municipality of Windsor. Colo Shire Council was established in 1906 and joined Windsor Municipal Council from 1 January 1981 to become Hawkesbury Shire Council. [6] [7] On 1 July 1989, Hawkesbury became a City. [8] [9]

Lachlan Macquarie Scottish British army officer and New South Wales colonial administrator

Major General Lachlan Macquarie, CB was a British Army officer and colonial administrator from Scotland. Macquarie served as the fifth and last autocratic Governor of New South Wales from 1810 to 1821, and had a leading role in the social, economic and architectural development of the colony. He is considered by historians to have had a crucial influence on the transition of New South Wales from a penal colony to a free settlement and therefore to have played a major role in the shaping of Australian society in the early nineteenth century. In 1816 Macquarie gave orders that led to the Appin Massacre of Gundungurra and Dharawal people.

Macquarie Towns or the Five Macquarie Towns is the collective term for the towns of Castlereagh, Pitt Town, Richmond, Wilberforce and Windsor, all located on and around the Hawkesbury River in New South Wales, Australia.

Castlereagh, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Castlereagh is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Castlereagh is 67 kilometres north-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Penrith and is part of the Greater Western Sydney region.

On its creation in 1981, Hawkesbury was largely rural, but urban expansion within Sydney has since transformed the southern part of the area into dormitory suburbs. The northern part of the local government area still contains some farmlands and national parkland.

Demographics

At the 2016 Census, there were 64,592 people in the Hawkesbury local government area. Of these, 49.5% were male and 50.5% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.7% of the population, which is 1.3% above the national average. The median age of people in the City of Hawkesbury was 38 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 19.9% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 14.4% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 49.3% were married and 12.4% were either divorced or separated. [10]

Population in the City of Hawkesbury between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census decreased by 0.54%; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census, population growth was 2.96%. Between the 2011 and 2016 Census, population increased by a further 1.04%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, population growth in Hawkesbury local government area was significantly lower than the national average. [11] The median weekly income for residents within the City of Hawkesbury has been consistently marginally higher than the national average. [10] [12] [13]

At the 2016 Census, the proportion of residents in the Hawkesbury local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or English amounted to 60%, which decreased from 62% in 2011. The majority of people from the Hawkesbury identified as having a Catholic (27.5%) or Anglican (24.6%) religious affiliation in 2016.

Selected historical census data for Hawkesbury local government area
Census year2001 [11] 2006 [13] 2011 [12] 2016 [10]
PopulationEstimated residents on census night 60,887Decrease2.svg60,561Increase2.svg62,353Increase2.svg64,592
LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales34th
% of New South Wales population0.90%
% of Australian population0.32%Decrease2.svg 0.31%Decrease2.svg 0.29%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
Australian 32.6%Decrease2.svg 30.4%
English 29.5%Steady2.svg 29.5%
Irish 7.6%Increase2.svg 8.3%
Scottish 6.3%Increase2.svg 6.8%
Maltese 3.1%Increase2.svg 3.5%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Maltese 0.8%Decrease2.svg 0.7%Increase2.svg 0.8%Increase2.svg 0.9%
Italian 0.6%Steady2.svg 0.6%Decrease2.svg 0.5%Decrease2.svg 0.4%
Cantonese 0.3%
German 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%
Arabic 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%Steady2.svg 0.3%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
Catholic 26.6%Increase2.svg 27.3%Increase2.svg 28.2%Decrease2.svg 27.5%
Anglican 30.9%Decrease2.svg 29.9%Decrease2.svg 29.4%Decrease2.svg 24.6%
No Religion 12.2%Increase2.svg 14.8%Increase2.svg 16.7%Increase2.svg 23.9%
Not stated8.3%
Uniting Church 5.7%Decrease2.svg 5.0%Decrease2.svg 4.4%Decrease2.svg 3.3%
Presbyterian and Reformed 3.0%Increase2.svg 5.7%Decrease2.svg 2.8%
Median weekly incomes
Personal incomeMedian weekly personal incomeA$527Increase2.svgA$622Increase2.svg A$728
% of Australian median income113.1%Decrease2.svg 107.8%Increase2.svg 110.0%
Family incomeMedian weekly family incomeA$1,146Increase2.svg A$1,598Increase2.svg A$1,916
% of Australian median income111.6%Decrease2.svg 107.9%Increase2.svg 110.5%
Household incomeMedian weekly household incomeA$1,290Increase2.svg A$1,385Increase2.svg A$1,668
% of Australian median income110.2%Increase2.svg 112.2%Increase2.svg 116.0%

Council

Current composition and election method

Hawkesbury City Council is composed of twelve Councillors elected proportionally as one entire ward. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, and the makeup of the Council is as follows: [14]

PartyCouncillors
Independents and Unaligned5
Liberal Party 4
Labor Party 2
The Greens 1
Total12

The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election, is: [14]

CouncillorPartyNotes
Sarah Richards Liberal
Barry Calvert Labor Mayor 2018–date, Deputy Mayor 2016–2018
Peter Reynolds Independent
Tiffany Tree Liberal
Amanda Kotlash Labor
Patrick Conolly Liberal
Danielle Wheeler Greens
Mary Lyons-Buckett Independent Deputy Mayor 2018–date, Mayor 2016–2018
Emma-Jane Garrow Independent
Paul Rasmussen Independent
Nathan Zamprogno Liberal
John RossUnaligned

Mayors

MayorPartyTermNotes
1981 – 27 September 1994
Dr Rex StubbsIndependent27 September 1994 – 30 September 1997 [15]
30 September 1997 – 29 September 1999
Dr Rex Stubbs OAM Independent29 September 1999 – 27 September 2004 [15]
Bart Bassett Liberal27 September 2004 – 18 September 2006 [16]
Dr Rex Stubbs OAM Independent18 September 2006 – 18 September 2007 [17]
Bart Bassett Liberal18 September 2007 – 20 September 2011 [18]
Kim Ford20 September 2011 – 10 September 2016 [19] [20] [21]
Mary Lyons-BuckettIndependent27 September 2016 – 18 September 2018 [22]
Barry CalvertLabor18 September 2018 – date [23]

See also

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References

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  4. "Untitled Document". www.westernsydneylibraries.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
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  6. "ELECTIONS POSTPONED 40 country councils in NSW to amalgamate". The Canberra Times. 54, (16, 346). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 27 June 1980. p. 6. Retrieved 2 November 2017 via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
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  9. "LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT 1919—PROCLAMATION". Government Gazette Of The State Of New South Wales (81). New South Wales, Australia. 30 June 1989. p. 3854. Retrieved 8 March 2019 via National Library of Australia.
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  12. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Hawkesbury (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 November 2012. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  13. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Hawkesbury (C)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  14. 1 2 "Hawkesbury City Council - Summary of First Preference and Group Votes for each Candidate". Local Government Elections 2016. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 19 September 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  15. 1 2 "Councillors - Biographical Details". Hawkesbury City Council. Archived from the original on 15 July 2004. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  16. "Councillor Bart Bassett". Councillors – Biographical details. Hawkesbury City Council. Archived from the original on 6 April 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
  17. "Dr Rex STUBBS - Medal of the Order of Australia". It's an Honour database. Australian Government. 11 June 2001. Retrieved 9 March 2019. For service to local government, and to the community of the Hawkesbury area.
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  19. "Extraordinary Meeting Minutes" (PDF). City of Hawkesbury. 20 September 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  20. Machado, Lawrence (22 September 2014). "Liberal Kim Ford scores a fourth term as Hawkesbury Mayor". Rouse Hill Times. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  21. Shaw, Roderick (16 September 2015). "Hawkesbury Mayor re-elected with new deputy". Hawkesbury Gazette. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  22. "NEW MAYOR AND DEPUTY MAYOR ELECTED FOR HAWKESBURY". Hills to Hawkesbury Living. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  23. Pollard, Krystyna (19 September 2018). "Name of new mayor pulled out of hat after votes deadlocked at council". Hawkesbury Gazette. Retrieved 9 March 2019.