City of Shellharbour

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City of Shellharbour
New South Wales
Shellharbour LGA NSW.png
Location in NSW
Coordinates 34°35′S150°52′E / 34.583°S 150.867°E / -34.583; 150.867 Coordinates: 34°35′S150°52′E / 34.583°S 150.867°E / -34.583; 150.867
Population
 • Density465.7/km2 (1,206/sq mi)
Established1996 (as the City of Shellharbour)
Area147 km2 (56.8 sq mi)
Mayor Marianne Saliba
Council seat Shellharbour City Centre [3]
Region Illawarra
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
Shellharbour City Council Logo.png
Website City of Shellharbour
LGAs around City of Shellharbour:
Wingecarribee Wollongong Tasman Sea
Wingecarribee City of Shellharbour Tasman Sea
Wingecarribee Kiama Tasman Sea

The City of Shellharbour is a local government area in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. The City is located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) south of Sydney and covers the southern suburbs of the Wollongong urban area centred on Shellharbour and it had an estimated population of 68,460 at the 2016 census.

Local government in Australia

Local government in Australia is the third tier of government in Australia administered by the states and territories, which in turn are beneath the federal tier. Local government is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia and two referenda in the 1970s and 1980s to alter the Constitution relating to local government were unsuccessful. Every state government recognises local government in their respective constitutions. Unlike Canada or the United States, there is only one level of local government in each state, with no distinction such as cities and counties.

Illawarra Region in New South Wales, Australia

Illawarra is a region in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is a coastal region situated immediately south of Sydney and north of the Shoalhaven or South Coast region. It encompasses the cities of Wollongong, Shellharbour and the town of Kiama.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Contents

The area is bordered by the City of Wollongong to the north, with the boundary being the Lake Illawarra entrance (and the suburb of Lake Illawarra) and Macquarie Rivulet (Albion Park Rail). The Municipality of Kiama is to the south of the City of Shellharbour.

City of Wollongong Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The City of Wollongong is a local government area in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is situated adjacent to the Tasman Sea, the Southern Freeway and the South Coast railway line.

Lake Illawarra lake in New South Wales, Australia

Lake Illawarra, an open and trained intermediate wave dominated barrier estuary or large coastal lagoon, is located in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, situated about 100 kilometres (62 mi) south of Sydney, Australia.

Lake Illawarra, New South Wales Suburb of Shellharbour, New South Wales, Australia

Lake Illawarra is a suburb of Shellharbour, New South Wales, Australia located on the southern side of the Lake Illawarra entrance.

The Mayor of the Shellharbour City Council is Cr. Marianne Saliba, a member of the Labor Party.

In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.

A Councillor is a member of a local government council.

Marianne Frances Saliba is an Australian politician. She has been the Mayor of the City of Shellharbour since 2012. She was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1999 to 2007, representing the electorate of Illawarra.

History

Indigenous occupation of the area, particularly of Bass Point, can be traced back to 17,000 BP.[ citation needed ]

Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands before British colonisation. The time of arrival of the first Indigenous Australians is a matter of debate among researchers. The earliest conclusively human remains found in Australia are those of Mungo Man LM3 and Mungo Lady, which have been dated to around 50,000 years BP. Recent archaeological evidence from the analysis of charcoal and artefacts revealing human use suggests a date as early as 65,000 BP. Luminescence dating has suggested habitation in Arnhem Land as far back as 60,000 years BP. Genetic research has inferred a date of habitation as early as 80,000 years BP. Other estimates have ranged up to 100,000 years and 125,000 years BP.

The area was discovered by Europeans Bass and Flinders in 1796. [4] Free settlers began arriving between 1817 and 1831 and the township was founded in 1851. The Shellharbour (Municipal) Council was constituted on 4 June 1859, and was gazetted as a City in 1996. In May 2009, Shellharbour City Council celebrated its sesquicentenary. [5]

European Australians or White Australians are citizens or residents of Australia whose ancestry originates from the peoples of Europe.

George Bass British explorer

George Bass was a British naval surgeon and explorer of Australia.

Matthew Flinders English navigator and cartographer

Captain Matthew Flinders was an English navigator and cartographer who led the second circumnavigation of New Holland that he would subsequently call "Australia or Terra Australis" and identified it as a continent. Abel Tasman had circumnavigated it more widely in 1642-43 and had charted its north coast in 1644.

A 2015 review of local government boundaries recommended that the City of Shellharbour merge with the City of Wollongong to form a new council with an area of 831 square kilometres (321 sq mi) and support a population of approximately 276,000. [6] On 13 February 2017, the New South Wales Government decided not to forcibly amalgamate Shellharbour Council with Wollongong Council.

Heritage listings

The City of Shellharbour has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Suburbs

The City of Shellharbour contains the following suburbs and localities:

Council

Current composition and election method

As of 2017, Shellharbour City Council is composed of seven Councillors elected proportionally as a single ward. Under the Local Government (Shellharbour and Wollongong Elections) Act, 2011 (NSW). Councillors are elected to hold office until September 2020. Currently the mayor is chosen by the elected councillors.

At the 2017 Shellharbour council election, voters were also asked two referendum questions. The first question was whether they support the direct election of mayor and the second whether they support the implementation of a ward structure.

Current political composition of council as of 2017:

PartyCouncillors
  Australian Labor Party 4
  Independents 1
  Liberal Party of Australia 1
  Greens 1
Total7

The current Council, elected in 2017, in order of election, is: [11]

CouncillorPartyNotes
  Marianne Saliba Labor
 Nathan Cattell Liberal
 Robert PetreskiLabor
 Kellie MarshIndependent
 Moira HamiltonLabor
 Peter Moran Green
 John MurrayLabor

Attractions

Shellharbour City has many attractions for family entertainment and recreation. In Albion Park Rail there is a Light Rail Museum and steam trains, Historical Aircraft Restoration Society (HARS) Museum, and Albion Oval; a local sports ground. Shellharbour Village, the beach and playground are also popular attractions. Excellent fishing at Lake Illawarra and superb surfing at Warilla beach. A cycleway goes from Oak Flats to Barrack Point. The Macquarie Valley (Shellharbour) provides scenic views and also includes the Macquarie Pass National Park.

There are various beaches in Shellharbour such as the Blacks Beach, Shellharbour North Beach, Shellharbour South Beach, Warilla Central Beach, Warilla North Beach, and Warilla South Beach which are some of the major crowd pullers. [12]

Related Research Articles

Wollongong City in New South Wales, Australia

Wollongong, informally referred to as "The Gong", is a seaside city located in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. Wollongong lies on the narrow coastal strip between the Illawarra Escarpment and the Pacific Ocean, 68 kilometres (51 miles) south of central Sydney. Wollongong had an estimated urban population of 299,203 at June 2017, making it the third-largest city in New South Wales after Sydney and Newcastle, and the tenth-largest city in Australia. The city's current Lord Mayor is Gordon Bradbery AM who was elected in 2018.

Shellharbour, New South Wales Suburb in New South Wales, Australia

Shellharbour is a suburb located in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. It also gives its name to the local government area, City of Shellharbour.

Albion Park, New South Wales Suburb of Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia

Albion Park is a suburb situated in the Macquarie Valley in the City of Shellharbour, which is in turn one of the three local government areas that comprise the Wollongong Metropolitan Area, New South Wales, Australia. Although it is surrounded by a 'green belt' of farms, Albion Park had a population of 13,316 at the 2016 census.

Division of Throsby Australian federal electoral division

The Division of Throsby was an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales. The division was named after Charles Throsby, a prominent pioneer and explorer in the early nineteenth century of the areas to the south of Sydney.

Albion Park Rail, New South Wales Suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia

Albion Park Rail is a suburb of Shellharbour, Australia situated in the Macquarie Valley (Shellharbour). The South Coast railway line was opened to the railway station and Bombo in 1887. At the time the nearest town was Albion Park, several kilometres away. Over time, houses were built around the railway station, and Albion Park Rail developed into a town in its own right, and with its own name.

Dunmore railway station

The Dunmore railway station is a heritage-listed former railway station that was located on the South Coast railway line in Dunmore, City of Shellharbour, New South Wales, Australia. The station served the southern Wollongong suburb of Dunmore and indirectly Shellharbour and opened on 9 November 1887. The weatherboard station on Platform 2 dates from 1887. It is also known as the Shellharbour Railway Station Group, Shellharbour railway station and Dunmore Railway Station. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. The site was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Oak Flats railway station

Oak Flats is a single-platform intercity train station located in Oak Flats, New South Wales, Australia, on the South Coast railway line. The station serves NSW TrainLink trains travelling south to Kiama and north to Wollongong and Sydney. Together with the Dunmore and later Shellharbour Junction stations, Oak Flats has long served as the rail connection for the coastal suburbs of the City of Shellharbour.

Albion Park railway station railway station serving the township of Albion Park Rail, New South Wales, Australia

The Albion Park railway station is a heritage-listed railway station located on the South Coast railway line on the Princes Highway in Albion Park Rail, New South Wales, Australia. The station was designed by New South Wales Government Railways and built during 1887 by William Monie & Company, with the single line railway line built by D. Proudfoot & T Logan. The complex is also known as the Albion Park Railway Station Group. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Unanderra railway station

Unanderra is an intercity train station located in Unanderra, New South Wales, Australia, on the South Coast railway line.

Warilla, New South Wales Suburb of City of Shellharbour, New South Wales, Australia

Warilla is a seaside suburb of the City of Shellharbour, Australia within the Wollongong urban area. It is one of the more established areas and is between the suburbs of Mount Warrigal in the west, Barrack Heights and Barrack Point in the south and Lake Illawarra in the north.

Warilla High School is a New South Wales Department of Education and Training (DET) owned school located in the Illawarra local government area City of Shellharbour.

Shellharbour Junction railway station

The Shellharbour Junction railway station is a railway station located at Dunmore, New South Wales, Australia, on the Illawarra railway line. The station is served by NSW TrainLink South Coast Line trains travelling south to Kiama and north to Wollongong and Sydney. Premier Illawarra operates a connecting bus service from the station to Shellharbour.

Electoral district of Shellharbour state electoral district of New South Wales, Australia

Shellharbour is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is represented by Anna Watson who won Labor preselection after the former member Lylea McMahon decided not to contest the 2011 election.

Flinders, New South Wales Suburb of Shellharbour, New South Wales, Australia

Flinders is a seaside southern suburb of Shellharbour, located in one of the most picturesque regions in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. Flinders is located approximately 86 kilometres south-southwest of New South Wales' capital city of Sydney. Flinders embraces an active outdoor lifestyle with beautiful beaches close by and over 60 hectares of green open spaces at your door step including bush reserves, waterways and landscaped parks. Flinders adjoins neighbouring suburbs of Shellharbour, Shell Cove, Blackbutt and the newly developed suburb of Shell Heights.

Barrack Point, New South Wales Suburb of Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia

Barrack Point is a seaside suburb of the City of Shellharbour, New South Wales, Australia which sits within the southern Wollongong urban area. Surrounding suburbs are Warilla to the north, Barrack Heights to the west, and Shellharbour to the south.

The Macquarie Valley, also known as Albion Park, Rural West or Western Valley, is an area located in the Shellharbour local government area in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia.

Toongla

Toongla is a heritage-listed former residence and dairy farm and now residence at 41 Tullimbar Road, Albion Park in the City of Shellharbour local government area in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. It was built during 1873. The property is privately owned. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Shellharbour (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  2. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019. Estimated resident population (ERP) at 30 June 2018.
  3. "Shoalhaven City Council". Department of Local Government . Retrieved 26 November 2006.
  4. "Bass and Flinders". Australian History. 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  5. "Our History". Shellharbour City Council. Retrieved 16 March 2008.
  6. "Merger proposal: Shellharbour City Council, Wollongong City Council" (PDF). Government of New South Wales. January 2016. p. 7. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
  7. "Toongla". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00556. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  8. "Albion Park Railway Station Group". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01072. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  9. "Shellharbour Railway Station Group". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01245. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  10. "Bass Point Reserve". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01896. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  11. http://vtr.elections.nsw.gov.au/city-of-shellharbour/councillor
  12. "Beaches and pools". Shellharbour City Council.