Gosford

Last updated

Gosford
Central Coast,  New South Wales
Gosford at dusk.jpg
The skyline of Gosford at dusk
Population3,499 (2016 census) [1]
Postcode(s) 2250
Elevation20 m (66 ft)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEST (UTC+11)
Location76 km (47 mi) from Sydney
LGA(s) Central Coast Council
County Northumberland
State electorate(s) Gosford
Federal Division(s) Robertson
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
23.3 °C
74 °F
11.4 °C
53 °F
1,333.0 mm
52.5 in
Suburbs around Gosford:
North Gosford Narara Wyoming
West Gosford Gosford East Gosford
Point Clare Point Clare Tascott

Gosford is a New South Wales suburb located in the heart of the Central Coast Region, about 76 kilometres (47 mi) north of the Sydney CBD. The suburb is situated at the northern extremity of Brisbane Water, an extensive northern branch of the Hawkesbury River estuary and Broken Bay.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Suburb Human settlement that is part of or near to a larger city

A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In most English-speaking countries, suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner-city areas, but in Australian English and South African English, suburb has become largely synonymous with what is called a "neighborhood" in other countries and the term extends to inner-city areas. In some areas, such as Australia, India, China, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and parts of the United States and Canada, new suburbs are routinely annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Saudi Arabia, France, and much of the United States and Canada, many suburbs remain separate municipalities or are governed as part of a larger local government area such as a county.

Central Coast (New South Wales) City in New South Wales, Australia

The City of Central Coast, a peri-urban region in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW), lies on the Tasman Sea coast north of Sydney and south of Lake Macquarie.

Contents

The suburb is the administrative centre and CBD of the Central Coast region, which is the third largest urban area in New South Wales after Sydney and Newcastle. Following its formation from the combination of the previous Gosford City and Wyong Shire Councils, Gosford has been earmarked as a vital CBD spine under the NSW Metropolitan Strategy. [2] The population of the suburb was 3,499 in the 2016 census. [3] but there were 169,053 people in the Gosford area in 2016. [4]

Australia-Map-NSW-LGA-Gosford.png

History

Gosford, prior to 1927 SLNSW 796353 Looking south Mann St Gosford.jpg
Gosford, prior to 1927

Until white settlement, the area around Gosford was inhabited by the Guringai peoples, who were principally coastal-dwellers, [5] and the Darkinjung people that inhabited the hinterland. Along with the other land around the Hawkesbury River estuary, the Brisbane Water district was explored during the early stages of the settlement of New South Wales.

The history of Australia from 1788–1850 covers the early colonial period of Australia's history, from the arrival in 1788 of the First Fleet of British ships at Sydney, New South Wales, who established the penal colony, the scientific exploration of the continent and later, establishment of other Australian colonies.

Brisbane Water bight in Australia

Brisbane Water is a wave-dominated barrier estuary located in the Central Coast region, north of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Brisbane Water has its origin at the confluence of the Narara and Coorumbine Creeks, to the south–east of Gosford and travels for approximately 18 kilometres (11 mi) in a southerly direction to its mouth at Broken Bay, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from the Tasman Sea, at Barrenjoey Head. A number of towns surround the shores of Brisbane Water, including Booker Bay, Davistown, Ettalong Beach, Gosford, Green Point, Kincumber, Phegans Bay, Saratoga, Wagstaffe, and Woy Woy. Contained within Brisbane Water is St Huberts Island, Rileys Island, and Pelican Island; and adjoining the estuary is Brisbane Water National Park to the west and Bouddi National Park to the east.

History of Sydney

The History of Sydney begins in prehistoric times with the occupation of the district by Australian Aboriginals, whose ancestors came to Sydney in the Upper Paleolithic period. The modern history of the city began with the arrival of a First Fleet of British ships in 1788 and the foundation of a penal colony by Great Britain.

The Henry Kendall Cottage and Historical Museum at West Gosford Gosford Henry Kendall Cottage 001.JPG
The Henry Kendall Cottage and Historical Museum at West Gosford

Gosford itself was explored by Governor Phillip between 1788 and 1789. [ citation needed ] The area was difficult to access and settlement began around 1823. By the late 19th century the agriculture in the region was diversifying, with market gardens and citrus orchards occupying the rich soil left after the timber harvest. As late as 1850, the road between Hawkesbury (near Pittwater) and Brisbane Water was a cart wheel track. [6]

Typical of early Colonial settlement, convicts lived and worked in the Gosford area. In 1825, Gosford's population reached 100, of whom 50% were convicts. [ citation needed ]

East Gosford was the first centre of settlement. Gosford was named in 1839 after Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford – a friend of the then Governor of New South Wales George Gipps. [7] Acheson's title derives its name from Gosford, a townland (sub-division) of Markethill in County Armagh in Northern Ireland.

Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford Governor General of British North America, 1835 - 1837

Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford,, styled The Honourable Archibald Acheson from 1790 to 1806 and Lord Acheson from 1806 to 1807, was a British politician who served as Lieutenant-Governor of Lower Canada and Governor General of British North America in the 19th century.

George Gipps British colonial administrator

Major Sir George Gipps was Governor of the colony of New South Wales, Australia, for eight years, between 1838 and 1846. His governorship was during a period of great change for New South Wales and Australia, as well as for New Zealand, which was administered as part of New South Wales for much of this period. Settlers at the time were not happy with his move towards responsible government, although contemporaries at the Colonial Office found him to be an able administrator.

Gosford Castle

Gosford Castle is a 19th-century country house situated in Gosford, a townland of Markethill, County Armagh, Northern Ireland. It was built for The 2nd Earl of Gosford, and designed in the Norman revival style by London architect Thomas Hopper. It is a Grade A listed building, and is said to be Ulster's largest. The Earls of Gosford occupied the castle until 1921, and the estate was later purchased by the Ministry of Agriculture to form Gosford Forest Park. The building subsequently deteriorated and in 2006 was sold to a development company who converted the castle into private dwellings.

In 1887, the rail link to Sydney was completed, requiring a bridge over the Hawkesbury River and a tunnel through the sandstone ridge west of Woy Woy. The introduction of this transport link and then the Pacific Highway in 1930 accelerated the development of the region.

Gosford became a town in 1885 and was declared a municipality in 1886. [8]

Rumbalara Reserve Gosford Rumbalara Reserve - panoramio (6).jpg
Rumbalara Reserve Gosford

Demographics

At the 2016 census, there were 3,499 people in Gosford. 59.6% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were India 4.5%, and England 2.9%. 65.2% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin at 3.7%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 33.9% and Catholic 18.2%. [1]

Geography

Climate

Gosford has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa) [9] with warm summers and mild winters. In summer, temperatures average about 27-28 °C in the day with high humidity and about 17-18 °C at night. Winters are mild with cool overnight temperatures and mild to occasionally warm daytime temperatures with lower humidity. Average rainfall is 1333mm, much of which falls in the late summer and autumn. Records range from a maximum of 44.8 °C (113 °F) on 18 January 2013, to a low of −4.2 °C (24 °F) on 16 July 1970.

Climate data for Gosford
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)44.8
(112.6)
43.0
(109.4)
40.1
(104.2)
32.9
(91.2)
28.8
(83.8)
25.0
(77.0)
25.5
(77.9)
29.9
(85.8)
36.1
(97.0)
38.0
(100.4)
41.8
(107.2)
43.0
(109.4)
44.8
(112.6)
Average high °C (°F)28.2
(82.8)
27.4
(81.3)
26.0
(78.8)
23.4
(74.1)
20.6
(69.1)
18.4
(65.1)
17.7
(63.9)
19.4
(66.9)
22.2
(72.0)
24.0
(75.2)
25.0
(77.0)
26.9
(80.4)
23.3
(73.9)
Average low °C (°F)17.2
(63.0)
17.2
(63.0)
15.4
(59.7)
12.1
(53.8)
8.8
(47.8)
6.7
(44.1)
5.4
(41.7)
5.6
(42.1)
8.3
(46.9)
10.9
(51.6)
13.7
(56.7)
15.7
(60.3)
11.4
(52.5)
Record low °C (°F)7.5
(45.5)
9.7
(49.5)
5.8
(42.4)
1.5
(34.7)
0.1
(32.2)
−1.5
(29.3)
−4.2
(24.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
−0.6
(30.9)
1.1
(34.0)
3.9
(39.0)
6.0
(42.8)
−4.2
(24.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)115.6
(4.55)
185.6
(7.31)
140.2
(5.52)
154.6
(6.09)
119.7
(4.71)
113.6
(4.47)
74.3
(2.93)
72.8
(2.87)
64.8
(2.55)
90.8
(3.57)
95.5
(3.76)
109.2
(4.30)
1,333
(52.48)
Average precipitation days11.311.111.511.410.510.49.38.48.59.410.110.1122.0
Average afternoon relative humidity (%)59636261616255485154595958
Source: [10]
Gosford looking over Brisbane Water Gosford looking sth.JPG
Gosford looking over Brisbane Water

Central Business District

Gosford Town Centre at Manns Street Gosford, nsw.jpg
Gosford Town Centre at Manns Street

Gosford proper is located in a valley with President's Hill on the city's western border, Rumbalara Reserve on its eastern border, and Brisbane water to the city's south. Mann Street, Gosford's main street and part of the Pacific Highway, runs north-south and contains the frontage for much of the commercial district.

In the centre of Gosford is a shopping and community precinct, including Kibble Park, William Street Mall, Gosford City Library, the Imperial Shopping Centre and a full range of shops, cafes, banks and services.

A renewed period of optimism has followed demolition of several derelict buildings and several infrastructure investment projects including the full fibre optic telecommunications rollout of the National Broadband Network in 2012 in the city's CBD [11] as well as the so-called Kibbleplex project, announced in 2013 [12] that plans to house the new regional library, tertiary teaching rooms and associated organisations. Gosford Classic Car Museum opened in 2016 at nearby suburb of West Gosford.

Gosford Railway Station Gosford railway station.jpg
Gosford Railway Station

Recent residential apartments have been built in various areas of the Gosford Central Business District.

Economy and infrastructure

Gosford is situated along an identified business growth corridor between Erina, the West Gosford light industrial zone and Somersby. Connectivity of main roads and rail travel times between Sydney, the Central Coast, Lake Macquarie and the city of Newcastle are key issues for corporate business relocation to the region. Aged and personal care and retail are major employers in Gosford. [ citation needed ]

As an entertainment hub, Mann Street enjoys relatively good public transport links and is one of the Central Coast's most popular spots [ citation needed ] for pubs and clubs and in close proximity to cultural and sporting events.

Yacht and other boat building has been undertaken by East Coast Yachts [13] since 1964 [14] in West Gosford.

Facilities

Gosford is home to:

Aerial view Central Coast Bluetongue Stadium, home of the Central Coast Mariners Bluetongue CC Stadium.jpg
Aerial view Central Coast Bluetongue Stadium, home of the Central Coast Mariners

Media

Gosford Community News has been published fortnightly by Ducks Crossing Publications since 2010.

Express Advocate: News Limited publish a free weekly suburban style newspaper in the News Local group.

Radio stations available:

Transport

The Central Coast Highway cuts through Gosford's waterfront area, while its predecessor the, Pacific Highway, takes on several names through the CBD itself.

Mann Street contains the main public transport links for Gosford, including Gosford railway station, with hourly trains to Sydney Central Station and to Newcastle Interchange.

There is also a terminal for several bus routes linking Gosford to the rest of the Central Coast outside of Gosford station.

Central Coast Blue Tongue Stadium Centralcoast stadium.jpg
Central Coast Blue Tongue Stadium


Gosford District Court Gosford Court House, New South Wales.jpg
Gosford District Court

Education

Gosford Public School sits alongside Henry Kendall High School in Faunce Street. Gosford High School- the only academically selective high school on the Central Coast * St Philip's Christian College Gosford, St Joseph's Catholic College, East Gosford is an all girls school. St Edward's College, East Gosford- is an all boys school Hunter Institute of TAFE. Henry Kendall High School

Notable people

Sister cities and twin towns

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Gosford (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 March 2018. Blue pencil.svg
  2. "Cities Taskforce". NSW Government Planning & Infrastructure. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  3. "2011 Census QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  4. "2016 Census QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  5. Gosford - Central Coast
  6. History of Gosford
  7. "Some Significant events in Gosford History". Archived from the original on 24 June 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  8. "Gosford – Central Coast Australia". Centralcoastaustralia.com.au. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  9. CLIMATE: GOSFORD
  10. "Climate statistics for Australian locations" . Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  11. NBN services go live in Gosford
  12. Gosford funding
  13. "East Coast Yachts". Sailing Networks. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  14. "Bruce Fairlie". Unsung Business Heroes. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  15. OFFICE LOCATIONS
  16. "Australians at the 1996 Atlanta Paralympics: Athletes". Australian Sports Commission. Archived from the original on 20 January 2000. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  17. "Kim De Lury". IMDb. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  18. "Sam Retford talks to Northern Soul about time travel, typecasting and telly" . Retrieved 20 November 2018.

Coordinates: 33°25′25″S151°20′30″E / 33.423586°S 151.341732°E / -33.423586; 151.341732