Australian Open

Last updated

Australian Open
Australian Open Logo 2017.svg
Official website
Founded1905;116 years ago (1905)
Editions109 (2021)
Location Melbourne (since 1972)
Australia
Venue Melbourne Park (since 1988)
Surface Grass – outdoors (1905–1987)
Hard – outdoors [lower-alpha 1] [lower-alpha 2] (since 1988)
Prize money A$71,000,000 (2020)
Men's
Draw128S / 128Q / 64D
Current champions Novak Djokovic (singles)
Ivan Dodig
Filip Polášek (doubles)
Most singles titles9
Novak Djokovic
Most doubles titles10
Adrian Quist
Women's
Draw128S / 128Q / 64D
Current champions Naomi Osaka (singles)
Elise Mertens
Aryna Sabalenka (doubles)
Most singles titles11
Margaret Court
Most doubles titles12
Thelma Coyne Long
Mixed doubles
Draw32
Current champions Barbora Krejčíková
Rajeev Ram
Most titles (male)4
Harry Hopman
Colin Long
Most titles (female)4
Daphne Akhurst Cozens
Nell Hall Hopman
Nancye Wynne Bolton
Thelma Coyne Long
Grand Slam
Last completed
2021 Australian Open

The Australian Open is a tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January at Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Australia. The tournament is the first of the four Grand Slam tennis events held each year, preceding the French Open, Wimbledon, and the US Open. It features men's and women's singles; men's, women's, and mixed doubles; junior's championships; and wheelchair, legends, and exhibition events. Prior to 1988, it was played on grass courts, but since then three types of hardcourt surfaces have been used: green-coloured Rebound Ace up to 2007, blue Plexicushion from 2008 to 2019, and blue GreenSet since 2020. [1] [2]

Contents

First held in 1905 as the Australasian championships, the Australian Open has grown to become one of the biggest sporting events in the Southern Hemisphere. [3] Nicknamed "the happy slam" [4] and often referred to as the "Grand Slam of Asia/Pacific" [5] [6] the tournament is the highest attended Grand Slam event, with more than 812,000 people attending the 2020 tournament. It was also the first Grand Slam tournament to feature indoor play during wet weather or extreme heat with its three primary courts, Rod Laver Arena, John Cain Arena and the refurbished Margaret Court Arena equipped with retractable roofs.

History

The Australian Open is managed by Tennis Australia, formerly the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia (LTAA), and was first played at the Warehouseman's Cricket Ground in Melbourne in November 1905. The facility is now known as the Albert Reserve Tennis Centre, and was a grass court. [7]

The tournament was first known as the Australasian Championships. It became the Australian Championships in 1927. Then, in 1969, it became the Australian Open. [8] Since 1905, the Australian Open has been staged in five Australian cities: Melbourne (55 times), Sydney (17 times), Adelaide (14 times), Brisbane (7 times), Perth (3 times), and two New Zealand cities: Christchurch (1906) and Hastings (1912). [8]

Though started in 1905, the tournament was not designated as being a major championship until 1924, by the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF) at a 1923 meeting. The tournament committee changed the structure of the tournament to include seeding at that time. [9] In the period of 1916–1918, no tournament was organized due to World War I. [10]

During World War II, the tournament was not held in the period from 1941–1945. [11] In 1972, it was decided to stage the tournament in Melbourne each year because it attracted the biggest patronage of any Australian city. [7] The tournament was played at the Kooyong Lawn Tennis Club from 1972 until its move to the new Melbourne Park complex in 1988.

The new facilities at Melbourne Park (formerly Flinders Park) were envisaged to meet the demands of a tournament that had outgrown Kooyong's capacity. The move to Melbourne Park was an immediate success, with a 90 percent increase in attendance in 1988 (266,436) on the previous year at Kooyong (140,000). [12]

Because of Australia's geographic remoteness, very few foreign players entered this tournament in the early 20th century. In the 1920s, the trip by ship from Europe to Australia took about 45 days. The first tennis players who came by boats were the US Davis Cup players in November 1946. [12] Even inside Australia, many players could not travel easily. When the tournament was held in Perth, no one from Victoria or New South Wales crossed by train, a distance of about 3,000 kilometres (1,900 mi) between the East and West coasts. In Christchurch in 1906, of a small field of 10 players, only two Australians attended and the tournament was won by a New Zealander. [13]

Margaret Court Arena at the Australian Open with the old Rebound Ace surface. Rod Laver Arena, the centre court, in the background Ausopen margaret court arena medium.jpg
Margaret Court Arena at the Australian Open with the old Rebound Ace surface. Rod Laver Arena, the centre court, in the background

The first tournaments of the Australasian Championships suffered from the competition of the other Australasian tournaments. Before 1905, all Australian states, and New Zealand, had their own championships; the first being organised in 1880 in Melbourne and called the Championship of the Colony of Victoria (later the Championship of Victoria). [14] In those years, the best two players – Australian Norman Brookes (whose name is now written on the men's singles cup) and New Zealander Anthony Wilding  – almost did not play this tournament.

Brookes took part once and won in 1911, and Wilding entered and won the competition twice (1906 and 1909). Their meetings in the Victorian Championships (or at Wimbledon) helped to determine the best Australasian players. Even when the Australasian Championships were held in Hastings, New Zealand, in 1912, Wilding, though three times Wimbledon champion, did not come back to his home country. It was a recurring problem for all players of the era. Brookes went to Europe only three times, where he reached the Wimbledon Challenge Round once and then won Wimbledon twice.

Thus, many players had never played the Austral(as)ian amateur or open championships: the Doherty brothers, William Larned, Maurice McLoughlin, Beals Wright, Bill Johnston, Bill Tilden, René Lacoste, Henri Cochet, Bobby Riggs, Jack Kramer, Ted Schroeder, Pancho Gonzales, Budge Patty, and others, while Brookes, Ellsworth Vines, Jaroslav Drobný, came just once. Even in the 1960s and 1970s, when travel was less difficult, leading players such as Manuel Santana, Jan Kodeš, Manuel Orantes, Ilie Năstase (who only came once, when 35 years old) and Björn Borg came rarely or not at all.

Inside Rod Laver Arena prior to an evening session in 2007 Australian Open 2007 Night Session.JPG
Inside Rod Laver Arena prior to an evening session in 2007

Beginning in 1969, when the first Australian Open was held on the Milton Courts at Brisbane, the tournament was open to all players, including professionals who were not allowed to play the traditional circuit. [15] Nevertheless, except for the 1969 and 1971 tournaments, many of the best players missed this championship until 1982, because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates (around Christmas and New Year's Day) and the low prize money. In 1970, George MacCall's National Tennis League, which employed Rod Laver, Ken Rosewall, Andrés Gimeno, Pancho Gonzales, Roy Emerson and Fred Stolle, prevented its players from entering the tournament because the guarantees were insufficient. The tournament was won by Arthur Ashe. [16]

In 1983, Ivan Lendl, John McEnroe and Mats Wilander entered the tournament. Wilander won the singles title [17] and both his Davis Cup singles rubbers in the Swedish loss to Australia at Kooyong shortly after. [18] Following the 1983 Australian Open, the International Tennis Federation prompted the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia to change the site of the tournament, because the Kooyong stadium was then inappropriate to serve such a big event. In 1988 the tournament was first held at Flinders Park (later renamed Melbourne Park). [19] The change of the venue also led to a change of the court surface from grass to a hard court surface known as Rebound Ace. [20]

Mats Wilander was the only player to win the tournament on both grass and hard courts. In 2008, after being used for 20 years, the Rebound Ace was replaced by a cushioned, medium-paced, [21] acrylic surface known as Plexicushion Prestige. Roger Federer and Serena Williams are the only players to win the Australian Open on both Rebound Ace and Plexicushion Prestige. The main benefits of the new surface are better consistency and less retention of heat because of a thinner top layer. [20] This change was accompanied by changes in the surfaces of all lead-up tournaments to the Australian Open. The change was controversial because of the new surface's similarity to DecoTurf, the surface used by the US Open. [22]

Rafael Nadal vs Philipp Kohlschreiber at the 2010 Australian Open Rafael Nadal Vs Philipp Kohlschreiber (4309085696).jpg
Rafael Nadal vs Philipp Kohlschreiber at the 2010 Australian Open

Before the Melbourne Park stadium era, tournament dates fluctuated as well, in particular in the early years because of the climate of each site or exceptional events. For example, the 1919 tournament was held in January 1920 (the 1920 tournament was played in March) and the 1923 tournament in Brisbane took place in August when the weather was not too hot and wet. After a first 1977 tournament was held in December 1976 – January 1977, the organisers chose to move the next tournament forward a few days, then a second 1977 tournament was played (ended on 31 December), but this failed to attract the best players.

From 1982 to 1985, the tournament was played in mid-December. Then it was decided to move the next tournament to mid-January (January 1987), which meant no tournament was organized in 1986. Since 1987, the Australian Open date has not changed. Some top players, including Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal, have said in the past that the tournament is held too soon after the Christmas and New Year holidays, and expressed a desire to consider shifting the tournament to February. [23] Such a change, however, would move the tournament outside the summer school holiday period, potentially impacting attendance figures.

New South Wales and overseas authorities proposed becoming the new hosts of the tournament in 2008, though such a move never materialised. [24] [25] In any case, it was around this time the Melbourne Park precinct commenced upgrades which enhanced facilities for players and spectators. Notably a retractable roof was placed over Margaret Court Arena, making the Open the first of the four Grand Slams to have retractable rooves available on three of their main courts. [26] The player and administrative facilities, as well as access points for spectators, were improved and the tournament site expanded its footprint out of Melbourne Park into nearby Birrarung Marr. [27] A fourth major show court, seating 5,000 people is expected to be completed by late 2021. [28]

In December 2018, tournament organisers announced the Australian Open would follow the examples set by Wimbledon and the US Open and introduce tie-breaks in the final sets of men's and women's singles matches. Unlike Wimbledon and the US Open, which initiate conventional tie-breaks at 12-12 games and 6-6 games respectively, the Australian Open utilises a first to 10 points breaker at 6 games all. [29]

In 2020, the tournament organisers decided to replace the official court manufacturer to GreenSet, though retained the iconic blue cushioned acrylic hardcourt. [30]

In 2021, in an effort to reduce the number of staff on-site due to the COVID-19 pandemic, tournament director Craig Tiley announced the introduction of a live electronic line calls system. Instead of line judges, movement-activated and pre-recorded voices were used for the calls "Out", "Foot Fault" and "Fault" in all courts. [31] This technology was developed by Hawk-Eye Live and the tournament was the first Grand Slam to use it. [32]

Television coverage

From 1973 to 2018, the Seven Network served as the host broadcaster of the Australian Open. In March 2018, it was announced that the Nine Network had acquired the rights to the tournament beginning in 2020, for a period of five years. The network later bought the rights for the 2019 tournament as well. [33] The Open's broadcast rights are lucrative in the country, as it occurs near the end of the Summer non-ratings season — which gives its broadcaster opportunities to promote their upcoming programming lineup. [34] [35]

In Europe the tournament is broadcast on Eurosport. Other broadcasters in the region have included the BBC in the United Kingdom, SRG in Switzerland, NOS in Netherlands and RTS in Serbia. In the United Kingdom, the BBC dropped its live coverage of the 2016 tournament just a month before the start due to budget cuts, leaving Eurosport as the exclusive live broadcaster.[ citation needed ]

Elsewhere, beIN Sports broadcasts it into the Middle East and Northern Africa, and SuperSport in Sub-Sahara Africa. In the United States, the tournament is broadcast on ESPN2, ESPN3 and the Tennis Channel. [36] The championship matches are televised live on ESPN. While it is broadcast on ESPN International in Central and Latin America. It is broadcast on TSN in Canada.

In Asia-Pacific region, the tournament is broadcast on five television networks in China, including national broadcaster CCTV, provincial networks Beijing TV, Shanghai Dragon TV and Guangdong TV and English language Star Sports, as well as online on iQIYI Sports. Elsewhere in the region, it is broadcast in Japan by national broadcaster NHK, and pay-TV network WOWOW. In the Indian Sub-continent, Sony Six has broadcast since 2015 and, in the rest of Asia, it is broadcast on Fox Sports Asia through to 2021. [37]

A panorama of Rod Laver Arena during the 2020 Australian Open Rod Laver Arena panorama January 2020.jpg
A panorama of Rod Laver Arena during the 2020 Australian Open

Attendance

The following record of attendance begins in 1987, when the tournament moved from being held in December to in January (the immediate preceding tournament was December 1985). 1987 was the last year that the Kooyong Tennis Club hosted the tournament; since 1988 it has been held at Melbourne Park. The average growth rate over the period covered below is more than 7%.

a Crowds were permitted to attend only nine of the fourteen days of the tournament and were restricted to between 30% to 50% of overall capacity, due the COVID-19 pandemic. [70]

Prize money and trophies

The prize money awarded in the men's and women's singles tournaments is distributed equally. The total prize money for the 2021 tournament is AUD $80,000,000. [71] The prize money distribution is as follows:

AO 2021WFSFQF4R3R2R1RQ3Q2Q1
SinglesA$2,750,000A$1,500,000A$850,000A$525,000A$320,000A$215,000A$150,000A$100,000A$52,500A$35,000A$25,000
DoublesA$600,000A$340,000A$200,000A$110,000A$65,000A$45,000A$30,000N/AN/AN/AN/A
Mixed DoublesA$150,000A$85,000A$45,000A$24,000A$12,000A$6,250N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A

* per team

Note: All amounts in Australian dollars. (The winner's prize money approximates to GBP £1,531,000; EUR €1,737,000; USD $2,095,000.)

The names of the tournament winners are inscribed on the perpetual trophy cups.

Ranking points

Ranking points for the men (ATP) and women (WTA) have varied at the Australian Open through the years but presently players receive the following points:

EventWFSFQF4R3R2R1RQQ3Q2Q1
SinglesMen20001200720360180904510251680
Women2000130078043024013070104030202
DoublesMen20001200720360180900
Women2000130078043024013010

Champions

Past champions

Australian Open champions listed by event:

Current champions

EventChampionRunner-upScore
Men's Singles Flag of Serbia.svg Novak Djokovic Flag of Russia.svg Daniil Medvedev 7–5, 6–2, 6–2
Women's Singles Flag of Japan.svg Naomi Osaka Flag of the United States.svg Jennifer Brady 6–4, 6–3
Men's Doubles Flag of Croatia.svg Ivan Dodig
Flag of Slovakia.svg Filip Polášek
Flag of the United States.svg Rajeev Ram
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Joe Salisbury
6–3, 6–4
Women's Doubles Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Elise Mertens
Flag of Belarus.svg Aryna Sabalenka
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Barbora Krejčíková
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Kateřina Siniaková
6–2, 6–3
Mixed Doubles Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Barbora Krejčíková
Flag of the United States.svg Rajeev Ram
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Samantha Stosur
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Matthew Ebden
6–1, 6–4

Courts

The Australian Open is played at Melbourne Park, which is located in the Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct; the event moved to this site in 1988. Currently three of the courts have retractable roofs, allowing play to continue during rain and extreme heat. As of 2017, spectators can also observe play at Show Courts 2 and 3, which have capacities of 3,000 each, [72] as well as at Courts 4–15, 19 and 20 with the aid of temporary seating grandstands of capacity anywhere from 50 to 2,500. [73]

Construction of a new 5,000 seat capacity stadium began in 2019 as part of a $271 million redevelopment of the precinct. [74]

Between 2008 and 2019, all of the courts used during the Australian Open were hard courts with Plexicushion acrylic surfaces (though Melbourne Park does have eight practice clay courts these are not used for the tournament). This replaced the Rebound Ace surface used from the opening of Melbourne Park. The ITF rated the surface's speed as medium. [75] In 2020, the courts were switched to GreenSet, though retained their distinctive blue appearance.

CourtImageOpenedCapacityArena RoofRef.
Rod Laver Arena Rod Laver Arena 2015 Australian Open.jpg 198814,820Retractable [76]
John Cain Arena Hisense Arena January 2016.jpg 200010,500Retractable [77]
Margaret Court Arena
(Formerly Show Court 1)
Margaret Court Arena (Australian Open 2017).jpg 19887,500Retractable [78]
Show Court Arena
(Provisional name – under construction)
No image.png Late 20215,000No [79]
Show Court 2
(1573 Arena)
Show Court 2 Melbourne Park 2020.jpg 19883,000No [80]
Show Court 3 Show Court 3 Melbourne Park 2020.jpg 19883,000No [80]

Records

Novak Djokovic, the all-time record holder in men's singles. Novak Djokovic AO win 2011.jpg
Novak Djokovic, the all-time record holder in men's singles.
Margaret Court, the all-time record holder in women's singles. Margaret Court 1964.jpg
Margaret Court, the all-time record holder in women's singles.
RecordOpen Era*Player(s)CountYears
Men since 1905
Winner of most
Men's Singles titles
Before 1969: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Roy Emerson 61961, 1963–1967
After 1968: Flag of Serbia.svg Novak Djokovic 92008, 2011–2013, 2015–2016, 2019–2021
Winner of most
consecutive
Men's Singles titles
Before 1969: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Roy Emerson 51963–1967
After 1968: Flag of Serbia.svg Novak Djokovic 32011–2013, 2019–2021
Winner of most
Men's Doubles titles
Before 1969: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adrian Quist 101936–1940, 1946–1950
After 1968: Flag of the United States.svg Bob Bryan
Flag of the United States.svg Mike Bryan
62006–2007, 2009–2011, 2013
Winner of most
consecutive
Men's Doubles titles
Before 1969: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adrian Quist 101936–1940, 1946–1950 [82]
After 1968: Flag of the United States.svg Bob Bryan
Flag of the United States.svg Mike Bryan
32009–2011
Winner of most
Mixed Doubles titles -
Men
Before 1969: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Harry Hopman
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Colin Long
41930, 1936–1937, 1939
1940, 1946–1948
After 1968: Flag of the United States.svg Jim Pugh
Flag of India.svg Leander Paes
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Daniel Nestor
31988–1990
2003, 2010, 2015
2007, 2011, 2014
Winner of most
Championships (total:
singles, men's doubles,
mixed doubles) – Men
Before 1969: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adrian Quist 131936–1950 (3 singles, 10 men's doubles, 0 mixed doubles)
After 1968: Flag of Serbia.svg Novak Djokovic 92008–2021 (9 men's singles)
Women since 1922
Winner of most
Women's Singles titles
In Total: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court 111960–1966, 1969–1971, 1973
Before 1969: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court 71960–1966
After 1968: Flag of the United States.svg Serena Williams 72003, 2005, 2007, 2009–2010, 2015, 2017
Winner of most
consecutive
Women's Singles titles
Before 1969: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court 71960–1966
After 1968: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Evonne Goolagong Cawley
Flag of Germany.svg Steffi Graf
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg / Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg Monica Seles
Flag of Switzerland.svg Martina Hingis
31969–1971
1974–1976
1988–1990
1991–1993
1997–1999
Winner of most
Women's Doubles titles
Before 1969: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Thelma Coyne Long 121936–1940, 1947–1949, 1951–1952, 1956, 1958
After 1968: Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 81980, 1982–1985, 1987–1989
Winner of most consecutive
Women's Doubles titles
Before 1969: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Thelma Coyne Long
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Nancye Wynne Bolton
51936–1940
After 1968: Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova
Flag of the United States.svg Pam Shriver
71982–1985, 1987–1989
Winner of most
Mixed Doubles titles -
Women
Before 1969: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Daphne Akhurst Cozens
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Nell Hall Hopman
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Nancye Wynne Bolton
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Thelma Coyne Long
41924–1925, 1928–1929
1930, 1936–1937, 1939
1940, 1946–1948
1951–1952, 1954–1955
After 1968: Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Barbora Krejčíková 32019–2021
Winner of most
Championships (total:
singles, women's doubles,
mixed doubles) – Women
Before 1969: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Nancye Wynne Bolton 201936–1952 (6 singles, 10 women's doubles, 4 mixed doubles)
After 1968: Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 121980–2003 (3 singles, 8 women's doubles, 1 mixed doubles)
Miscellaneous
Youngest winnerMen's singles: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken Rosewall 18 years and 2 months (1953)
Men's doubles: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Lew Hoad 18 years and 2 months (1953)
Women's singles: Flag of Switzerland.svg Martina Hingis 16 years and 4 months (1997)
Women's doubles: Flag of Croatia.svg Mirjana Lučić 15 years and 10 months (1998)
Oldest winnerMen's singles: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken Rosewall 37 years and 2 months (1972)
Men's doubles: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Norman Brookes 46 years and 2 months (1924)
Women's singles: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Thelma Coyne Long 35 years and 8 months (1954)
Women's doubles: Flag of Australia (converted).svg Thelma Coyne Long 37 years and 7 months (1956)
Mixed doubles (men): Flag of Australia (converted).svg Horace Rice 52 years (1923)
Mixed doubles (women): Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 46 years and 3 months (2003)
Match winsMen's singles: Flag of Switzerland.svg Roger Federer 102 (2000–2020)
Women's singles: Flag of the United States.svg Serena Williams 92 (1998–2021)

See also

Lists of champions
Other Grand Slam tournaments

Notes

  1. Rebound Ace was used from 1988 to 2007, Plexicushion was used from 2008 to 2019, and GreenSet since 2020.
  2. Except for Rod Laver Arena, Margaret Court Arena and Melbourne Arena during rain delays.
  3. Last Australian Men's Singles champion: Mark Edmondson (1976).
  4. Last Australian Women's Singles champion: Chris O'Neil (1978).

Related Research Articles

The United States Open Tennis Championships is a hard court tennis tournament. The tournament is the modern version of one of the oldest tennis championships in the world, the U.S. National Championship, for which men's singles and men's doubles were first played in August 1881.

The Championships, Wimbledon Tennis tournament in London, England

The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon or The Championships, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world and is widely regarded as the most prestigious. It has been held at the All England Club in Wimbledon, London, since 1877 and is played on outdoor grass courts, and since 2009 with a retractable roof over Centre Court, and since 2019, over No. 1 Court.

French Open French Open Tennis Championships

The French Open, also called Roland-Garros, is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris, France, beginning in late May each year. The tournament and venue are named after the French aviator Roland Garros. The French Open is the premier clay court tennis championship tournament in the world. It is the second of the four annual Grand Slam tournaments. The other three are the Australian Open, Wimbledon, and the US Open. The French Open is currently the only Grand Slam tournament held on clay. Before 1975, the French Open was the lone non-grass major tournament. Between the seven rounds needed for a championship, the clay surface characteristics, and the best-of-five-set men's singles matches, the French Open is arguably the most physically demanding tennis tournament in the world.

Grand Slam (tennis) Annual tennis events

The Grand Slam tournaments, also referred to as majors, are the world's four most important annual tennis events. The tournaments offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of "best of" sets for men, which is 5. Grand Slam tournaments are not operated by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) or the Women's Tennis Association (WTA), but by the International Tennis Federation (ITF). However, the ATP and WTA do award ranking points based on a player's performance at a major.

Margaret Court Australian tennis player

Margaret Court, also known as Margaret Smith Court, is an Australian retired tennis player and former world No. 1. She won 24 Grand Slam women's singles titles in her career, 19 Grand Slam doubles titles, and 21 Grand Slam mixed doubles titles. She won more Grand Slam titles than any other player in history, and is considered one of the greatest tennis players of all time. She is currently a Christian minister in Perth, Western Australia.

Roy Emerson Australian tennis player

Roy Stanley Emerson is an Australian former tennis player who won 12 Grand Slam singles titles and 16 Grand Slam doubles titles, for a total of 28 Grand Slam tournament titles. He is the only male player to have completed a career Grand Slam in both singles and doubles, and the first of two men to have completed a double career Grand Slam in singles. His 28 major titles are the all-time record for a male player. In 1964, 1965, and 1967 he was ranked world No. 1.

ATP Finals

The ATP Finals is the second highest tier of annual men's tennis tournaments after the four Grand Slam tournaments. The ATP Finals are the season-ending championships of the ATP Tour and feature the top eight singles players and doubles teams of the ATP Rankings. The tournament has been one of the popular candidates for the monicker of "the fifth grand slam". The tournament was first held in 1970, although it was known under a different name. Roger Federer holds the record for the most singles titles with six, while Peter Fleming and John McEnroe hold the record for the most doubles titles with seven. In the current tournament, winners are awarded up to 1500 ranking points; with each round-robin loss, 200 points are deducted from that amount.

Todd Woodbridge Australian tennis player

Todd Andrew Woodbridge, OAM is a retired Australian professional tennis player and current sports broadcaster with the Nine Network.

Tennis in Australia refers to the sport of tennis played in Australia. Tennis in Australia has been administered by Tennis Australia since 1904.

2011 Australian Open

The 2011 Australian Open was a tennis tournament featuring six different competitions, and part of the 2011 ATP World Tour, the 2011 WTA Tour, ITF Junior Tour and the NEC Tour, as tournaments for professional, junior and wheelchair players were held. The tournament took place at Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Australia from 17 to 30 January, it was the 99th edition of the Australian Open and the first Grand Slam event of 2011. The tournament was played on hard courts and was organised by the International Tennis Federation and Tennis Australia.

The 2012 Australian Open was a tennis tournament that took place in Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Australia from 16 to 29 January 2012. It was the 100th edition of the Australian Open, and the first Grand Slam event of the year. The tournament consisted of events for professional players in singles, doubles and mixed doubles play. Junior and wheelchair players competed in singles and doubles tournaments.

This page covers all the important events in the sport of tennis in 2012. Primarily, it provides the results of notable tournaments throughout the year on both the ATP and WTA Tours, the Davis Cup, and the Fed Cup.

The 2014 Australian Open was a tennis tournament that took place at Melbourne Park between 13 and 26 January 2014. It was the 102nd edition of the Australian Open, and the first Grand Slam tournament of the year. The tournament consisted of events for professional players in singles, doubles and mixed doubles play. Junior and wheelchair players competed in singles and doubles tournaments.

All-time tennis records – men's singles, covers the period from 1877 to present.

The 2015 Australian Open was a tennis tournament that took place at Melbourne Park from 19 January to 1 February 2015. It was the 103rd edition of the Australian Open, and the first Grand Slam tournament of the year.

The 2017 Australian Open was a tennis tournament that took place at Melbourne Park between 16 and 29 January 2017. It was the 105th edition of the Australian Open, and the first Grand Slam tournament of the year. The tournament consisted of events for professional players in singles, doubles and mixed doubles play. Junior and wheelchair players competed in singles and doubles tournaments. As in previous years, the tournament's title sponsor was Kia.

The 2020Australian Open was a Grand Slam tennis tournament that took place at Melbourne Park, from 20 January to 2 February 2020. It was the 108th edition of the Australian Open, the 52nd in the Open Era, and the first Grand Slam of the year. The tournament consisted of events for professional players in singles, doubles and mixed doubles. Junior and wheelchair players competed in singles and doubles tournaments. As in previous years, the tournament's main sponsor was Kia.

The 2021 Australian Open was a Grand Slam tennis tournament that took place at Melbourne Park, on 8–21 February 2021. It was the 109th edition of the Australian Open, the 53rd in the Open Era, and the first Grand Slam of the year. It was originally scheduled for 18–31 January 2021, but was postponed by three weeks to February due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The event was part of the 2021 ATP Tour and the 2021 WTA Tour.

References

  1. Paxinos, Stathi (20 November 2007). "Australian Open court surface is speeding up". The Age. Melbourne.
  2. Tennis Australia (26 July 2019). "GreenSet Worldwide New Official Court Surface Supplier". Melbourne. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  3. "Melbourne Park ready for 2019 Australian Open". Australasian Leisure Management. 17 January 2019. The Australian Open 2019 is the largest annual sporting event in the Southern Hemisphere and the biggest sporting event in the world in January.
  4. Williams, Jacqueline (26 January 2018). "By Looking to Asia, the Australian Open Found Itself". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  5. Schaller, Maria (14 January 2018). "Asian talents hopeful for "Home Grand Slam"". SBS News. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  6. Wortheim, Jon (26 January 2019). "50 Parting Thoughts From the 2019 Australian Open". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  7. 1 2 "Australian Tennis Open History". Jazzsports. Archived from the original on 30 January 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2008.
  8. 1 2 Tristan Foenander. "History of the Australian Open – the Grand Slam of Asia/Pacific". Australian Open. Archived from the original on 20 January 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2008.
  9. Unknown (9 November 1923). "Australasian Championships". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
  10. "Tennis Championships". The Argus . Melbourne. 29 January 1920. p. 7 via National Library of Australia.
  11. Kerri (27 January 2015). "Before it was the Australian Open it was the…". State Library Victoria. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
  12. 1 2 Frank Cook (14 February 2008). "Open began as Aussie closed shop". The Daily Telegraph . news.com.au. Archived from the original on 1 February 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2008.
  13. "Anthony Frederick Wilding "Tony"". International Tennis Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2008.
  14. "History of Tennis – From humble beginnings". Tennis Australia. Archived from the original on 31 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
  15. "Milton Tennis Centre". Australian Stadiums. Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
  16. Nikki Tugwell (14 January 2008). "Hewitt chases amazing slam win". The Daily Telegraph . news.com.au. Archived from the original on 1 February 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
  17. Alan Trengove. "Australian Open 1983". wilandertribute.com. Retrieved 19 February 2008.
  18. "World Group 1983 Final". Davis Cup. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2008.
  19. "Rebound Ace under review". The Daily Telegraph . news.com.au. 29 January 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2008.
  20. 1 2 Christopher Clarey (13 January 2008). "On the surface, Australian Open gets a new bounce". The New York Times.
  21. "List of Classified Court Surfaces". itftennis.com.
  22. "Tennis court surfacer serves up two major deals". Boston Business Journal. 28 January 2008.
  23. Schlink, Leo (17 January 2009). "Rafael Nadal keen to call time on early slam". Herald Sun. Australia. Retrieved 18 September 2009.
  24. "Sydney plans Australian Open bid". news.bbc.co.uk. BBC. 11 October 2008.
  25. Cameron Houston; Jason Dowling (11 October 2008). "NSW in negotiations to transfer Open from Melbourne". The Sydney Morning Herald .
  26. "Australian Open could be played entirely indoors, as Margaret Court Arena gets retractable roof". ABC News. 4 January 2015.
  27. "The big changes coming to Rod Laver Arena this Australian Open". The New Daily. 12 January 2019.
  28. "Melbourne Park Masterplan". Melbourne and Olympic Parks Trust.
  29. "Australian Open Will Begin Using Final-Set Tiebreaker". The New York Times . 21 December 2018.
  30. "GREENSET WORLDWIDE NEW OFFICIAL COURT SURFACE SUPPLIER". Tennis Australia . 26 July 2019.
  31. "Electronic line calling set for all Australian Open courts". NBC Sports. 4 February 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  32. "'There are just no mistakes happening': Hawk-Eye Live gains more support at Australian Open". ESPN. 13 February 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  33. "Nine secures rights to the 2019 Australian Open tennis from Seven". The Sydney Morning Herald. 24 June 2018.
  34. "Nine secures Australian Open from 2020". TV Tonight. 29 March 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  35. "How do Australian TV networks get away with non-ratings period?". News.com.au. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  36. "2013 Australian Open TV Schedule on ESPN". sportsmediawatch.com.
  37. "Fox Sports Asia lands Australian Open rights until 2021" . Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  38. "Djokovic Wins Eighth Australian Open Crown, Returns To No. 1". ATP Tour. 2 February 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  39. "The big numbers from AO2019". Australian Open. 6 February 2019. Archived from the original on 26 April 2019.
  40. "Australian Open smashes attendance records". The Age . 28 January 2019. Exact figure has not yet been provided.
  41. "Australian Open Glance". 30 January 2017.
  42. "Australian Open 2016 – By the numbers". Australian Open. 1 February 2016. Archived from the original on 14 January 2017.
  43. "Australian Open 2015 – The final word from Tennis Australia". 1 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  44. "AO 2014 – The Final Word". 27 January 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  45. "Australian Open 2013 – The Final Word". 28 January 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  46. "Top 10: Memorable AO2012 moments". 29 January 2012. Archived from the original on 1 February 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  47. "Closing notes: Australian Open 2011". 30 January 2011. Archived from the original on 2 February 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
  48. "Federer wins fourth Australian Open, 16th major singles title". 31 January 2010. Archived from the original on 5 February 2010. Retrieved 7 March 2010.
  49. "Australian Open 2009 – the final word". australianopen.com. Archived from the original on 4 February 2009.
  50. "The Australian Open – History of Attendance" (PDF). Australian Open. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 September 2007. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
  51. "AO 2007: The Final Word". Tennis Australia. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
  52. 1 2 Australian Open Tennis Attendance History Archived 16 November 2016 at the Wayback Machine  – Altius Directory
  53. "Safin credits Lundgren for resurgence". Sports Illustrated. CNN. 30 January 2005. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
  54. "Tennis Australia Annual Report, 2002–2003" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sport. Tennis Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  55. "Tennis Australia Annual Report, 2001–2002" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sport. Tennis Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2017. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  56. "Tennis Australia Annual Report, 2000–2001" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Tennis Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  57. "Tennis Australia Annual Report, 1999–2000" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sport. Tennis Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  58. 1 2 "Tennis Australia Annual Report, 1998–1999" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Tennis Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  59. "Tennis Australia Annual Report, 1997" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Tennis Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  60. "Tennis Australia 1996 Annual Report" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Tennis Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  61. "Tennis Australia 1995 Annual Report" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Tennis Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  62. "Tennis Australia 1994 Annual Report" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Tennis Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  63. "Tennis Australia 1993 Annual Report" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Tennis Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  64. "Tennis Australia 1992 Annual Report" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Tennis Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  65. "Tennis Australia 1991 Annual Report" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Tennis Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  66. "Tennis Australia Annual Report 1990" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Tennis Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2017. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  67. "Lawn Tennis Association of Australia Annual Report 1989" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Lawn Tennis Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  68. "Lawn Tennis Association of Australia Annual Report 1988" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Lawn Tennis Association of Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  69. "Lawn Tennis Association of Australia Annual Report 1987" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Lawn Tennis Association of Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  70. "Total Australian Open Attendance: 130,374 #AusOpen". Austadiums. Twitter. 21 February 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  71. Jonathan. "Australian Open Prize Money 2021 [Confirmed] - peRFect Tennis". www.perfect-tennis.com/. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  72. "Event Guide – Australian Open Tennis Championships 2014 – Official Site by IBM" . Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  73. "Accessibility Map" (PDF). Tennis.com. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  74. "Melbourne gets new 5000-seat tennis arena". SBS News. 23 April 2017.
  75. "About Court Pace Classification". ITF. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  76. "Rod Laver Arena". Australian Stadiums. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  77. "John Cain Arena". Australian Stadiums. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  78. "Margaret Court Arena". Australian Stadiums. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  79. "Melbourne Park Redevelopment (Stage 3)". Development Victoria. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  80. 1 2 "Courts". Australian Open. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  81. "Australian History and Records". TennisTours.com. Archived from the original on 21 December 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2009.
  82. From 1941 to 1945, no Australian Championships were held because of World War II
Preceded by
US Open
Grand Slam Tournament
January
Succeeded by
French Open

Coordinates: 37°49′18″S144°58′42″E / 37.82167°S 144.97833°E / -37.82167; 144.97833