Davis Cup

Last updated
Davis Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
Tennisball current event.svg 2020–21 Davis Cup
Logo Davis Cup.svg
Sport Tennis
Founded1900;121 years ago (1900)
Founder Dwight F. Davis
No. of teams18 (World Group)
Countries ITF member nations
Continent Worldwide
Most recent
champion(s)
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
(6th title)
Most titlesFlag of the United States.svg  United States
(32 titles)
Official website DavisCup.com
The 2018 Davis Cup Final - opening ceremony. Coupe Davis Finale 2018.jpg
The 2018 Davis Cup Final – opening ceremony.

The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in men's tennis. It is run by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) and is contested annually between teams from competing countries in a knock-out format. It is described by the organisers as the "World Cup of Tennis", and the winners are referred to as the World Champion team. [1] The competition began in 1900 as a challenge between Great Britain and the United States. By 2016, 135 nations entered teams into the competition. [2]

Contents

The most successful countries over the history of the tournament are the United States (winning 32 titles and finishing as runners-up 29 times) and Australia (winning 28 titles, including four with New Zealand as Australasia, and finishing as runners-up 19 times). The current champions are Spain, who beat Canada to win their sixth title in 2019.

The women's equivalent of the Davis Cup is the Billie Jean King Cup. Australia, the Czech Republic, and the United States are the only countries to have won both Davis Cup and Fed Cup titles in the same year.

The Davis Cup allowed only amateurs and national registered professional players (from 1968) to compete until 1973, five years after the start of the Open Era. [3]

History

Davis Cup trophy exposed in the Cesky rozhlas headquarters, Prague-Vinohrady, 2012 Davis Cup Praha CRo 2012-11-28 cropped 1.jpg
Davis Cup trophy exposed in the Český rozhlas headquarters, Prague-Vinohrady, 2012

The idea for a tournament pitting the best British and Americans in competition against one another was probably first conceived by James Dwight, the first president of the U.S. National Lawn Tennis Association when it formed in 1881. Desperate to assess the development of American players against the renowned British champions, he worked tirelessly to engage British officials in a properly sanctioned match, but failed to do so. He nevertheless tried to entice top international (particularly British) talent to the U.S. and sanctioned semi-official tours of the top American players to Great Britain. [4] Diplomatic relations between Great Britain and the United States on the tennis front had strengthened such that, by the mid 1890s, reciprocal tours were staged annually between players of the two nations, and an ensuing friendship between American William Larned and Irishman Harold Mahony spurred efforts to formalize an official team competition between the two nations. [5]

International competitions had been staged for some time before the first Davis Cup match in 1900. From 1892, England and Ireland had been competing in an annual national-team-based competition, similar to what would become the standard Davis Cup format, mixing single and doubles matches, and in 1895 England played against France in a national team competition. [6] During Larned's tour of the British Isles in 1896, where he competed in several tournaments including the Wimbledon Championships, he was also a spectator for the annual England vs. Ireland match.

He returned to exclaim that Britain had agreed to send a group of three to the U.S. the following summer, which would represent the first British lawn tennis "team" to compete in the U.S. Coincidentally, some weeks before Larned left for his British tour, the idea for an international competition was discussed also between leading figures in American lawn tennis—one of whom was tennis journalist E.P. Fischer—at a tournament in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario.

American player Dwight Davis (center) in 1900 with the trophy he committed to build. Davis cup original dwight davis.jpg
American player Dwight Davis (center) in 1900 with the trophy he committed to build.

Dwight F. Davis was in attendance at this tournament, and was thought to have got wind of the idea as it was discussed in the tournament's popular magazine, and Davis's name was mentioned as someone who might 'do something for the game ... put up some big prize, or cup'. [7] Larned and Fischer met on several occasions that summer and discussed the idea of an international match to be held in Chicago the following summer, pitting six of the best British players against six of the best Americans, in a mixture of singles and doubles matches. This was discussed openly in two articles in the Chicago Tribune , but did not come to fruition. [8] [9]

Nevertheless, the following summer, Great Britain—though not under the official auspices of the Lawn Tennis Association—sent three of its best players to compete in several US tournaments. Their relative poor performances convinced Dwight and other leading officials and figures in American lawn tennis that the time was right for a properly sanctioned international competition. This was to be staged in Newcastle in July 1898, [10] but the event never took place as the Americans could not field a sufficiently strong team. A reciprocal tour to the U.S. in 1899 amounted to just a single British player travelling overseas, as many of the players were involved in overseas armed conflicts.

It was at this juncture, in the summer of 1899, that four members of the Harvard University tennis team—Dwight Davis included—travelled across the States to challenge the best west-coast talent, and upon his return, it apparently occurred to Davis that if teams representing regions could arouse such great feelings, then why wouldn't a tennis event that pitted national teams in competition be just as successful. He approached James Dwight with the idea, which was tentatively agreed, and he ordered an appropriate sterling silver punchbowl trophy from Shreve, Crump & Low, purchasing it from his own funds for about $1,000. [11] They in turn commissioned a classically styled design from William B. Durgin's of Concord, New Hampshire, crafted by the Englishman Rowland Rhodes. [12]

Beyond donating a trophy for the competition, Davis's involvement in the incipient development of the tournament that came to bear his name was negligible, yet a persistent myth has emerged that Davis devised both the idea for an international tennis competition and its format of mixing singles and doubles matches. Research has shown this to be a myth, [13] similar in its exaggeration of a single individual's efforts within a highly complex long-term development to the myths of William Webb Ellis and Abner Doubleday, who have both been wrongly credited with inventing rugby and baseball, respectively. Davis nevertheless went on to become a prominent politician in the United States in the 1920s, serving as US Secretary of War from 1925 to 1929 and as Governor-General of the Philippines from 1929 to 1932.

The first match, between the United States and Britain (competing as the "British Isles"), was held at the Longwood Cricket Club in Boston, Massachusetts in 1900. The American team, of which Dwight Davis was captain, surprised the British by winning the first three matches. The following year the two countries did not compete, but the US won the match in 1902 and Britain won the following four matches. By 1905 the tournament expanded to include Belgium, Austria, France, and Australasia, a combined team from Australia and New Zealand that competed together until 1914.

Bill Johnston (US) vs. Gerald Patterson (Australasia) in the Challenge Round at the West Side Tennis Club in 1922 Johnston and Patterson LCCN2014715017.jpg
Bill Johnston (US) vs. Gerald Patterson (Australasia) in the Challenge Round at the West Side Tennis Club in 1922

The tournament was initially titled the International Lawn Tennis Challenge although it soon became known as the Davis Cup, after Dwight Davis' trophy. The Davis Cup competition was initially played as a challenge cup. All teams competed against one another for the right to face the previous year's champion in the final round.

Beginning in 1923, the world's teams were split into two zones: the "America Zone" and the "Europe Zone". The winners of the two zones met in the Inter-Zonal Zone ("INZ") to decide which national team would challenge the defending champion for the cup. In 1955 a third zone, the "Eastern Zone", was added. Because there were three zones, the winner of one of the three zones received a bye in the first round of the INZ challenger rounds. In 1966, the "Europe Zone" was split into two zones, "Europe Zone A" and "Europe Zone B", so the winners of the four zones competed in the INZ challenger rounds.

From 1950 to 1967, Australia dominated the competition, winning the Cup 15 times in 18 years. [14]

Beginning in 1972, the format was changed to a knockout tournament, so that the defending champion was required to compete in all rounds, and the Davis Cup was awarded to the tournament champion.

Up until 1973, the Davis Cup had only ever been won by the United States, Great Britain/British Isles, France and Australia/Australasia. Their domination was eventually broken in 1974 when South Africa and India made the final; however, the final was scratched and South Africa awarded the cup after India refused to travel to South Africa in protest of South Africa's apartheid policies. The following year saw the first actual final between two "outsider" nations, when Sweden beat Czechoslovakia 3–2, and since then, many other countries have gone on to capture the trophy.

All contract professionals were not allowed to play in the Davis Cup until 1973. The tennis stars who turned professional prior to the Open Era (pre-1968) were not allowed to compete in the Davis Cup despite the fact that the Grand Slam tournaments and most tennis tournaments became Open Era events in 1968. From 1968 national registered professionals were allowed to compete under the control of their national tennis associations. In 1973 Australian players like Rod Laver and Ken Rosewall were allowed to play in the Davis Cup for the first time since 1962 (for Laver) and since 1956 (for Rosewall). [3]

In 1981, a tiered system of competition was created, in which the 16 best national teams compete in the World Group and all other national teams compete in one of four groups in one of three regional zones. In 1989, the tiebreak was introduced into Davis Cup competition, and from 2016 it is used in all five sets. [15]

In 2018, the ITF voted to change the format of the competition from 2019 onwards, changing it to an 18-team event to happen at the end of the season, with 71% of ITF member federations voting in favour of the change. The new format, backed by footballer Gerard Piqué and Japanese businessman Hiroshi Mikitani, was likened to a world cup of tennis and was designed to be more attractive to sponsors and broadcasters. Opposing federations included those from Australia, Germany, and Great Britain. Support for the reform was also mixed among current and former players, with some such as Novak Djokovic and Rafael Nadal being in favour of the new format, but others such as Rod Laver, Lucas Pouille and Roger Federer being opposed. [16] [17] [18] [19]

Davis Cup games have been affected by political protests several times, especially in Sweden:

Format

A monument to the Davis Cup at Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France Davis Cup Roland Garros.jpg
A monument to the Davis Cup at Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France

Tournament

The 16 best national teams are assigned to the World Group and compete annually for the Davis Cup. Nations which are not in the World Group compete in one of three regional zones (Americas, Asia/Oceania, and Europe/Africa). The competition is spread over four weekends during the year. Each elimination round between competing nations is held in one of the countries, and is played as the best of five matches (4 singles, 1 doubles). The ITF determines the host countries for all possible matchups before each year's tournament.

The World Group is the top group and includes the world's best 16 national teams. Teams in the World Group play a four-round elimination tournament. Teams are seeded based on a ranking system released by the ITF, taking into account previous years' results. The defending champion and runner-up are always the top two seeds in the tournament. The losers of the first-round matches are sent to the World Group playoff round, where they play along with winners from Group I of the regional zones. The playoff round winners play in the World Group for the next year's tournament, while the losers play in Group I of their respective regional zone.

Each of the three regional zones is divided into four groups. Groups I and II play elimination rounds, with the losing teams facing relegation to the next-lower group. The teams in Groups III and those in Group IV play a round-robin tournament with promotion and relegation.

2019 modifications

For the 2019 edition, the format of the cup is changed. [22] The main modification is the World Group taking place at one location and in one week, with eighteen teams divided in six round-robin groups of three teams each, with the winners of the groups and the two best second places advancing to quarterfinals. The series between the teams in this stage will feature two singles matches and one doubles match, instead of the best-of-5 series, with the matches changing from best of 5 sets to best of 3. As the World Group will now take place as one single tournament, this event has been named as the Davis Cup Finals. The lower zone groups I and II will be composed of single ties deciding promotion or relegation.

Structure

LevelGroup(s)
1World Group

16 countries

2Group One Americas Zone

6 countries

Group One Europe/Africa Zone

11 countries

Group One Asia/Oceania Zone

7 countries

3Group Two Americas Zone

8 countries

Group Two Europe/Africa Zone

16 countries

Group Two Asia/Oceania Zone

8 countries

4Group Three Americas Zone

9 countries

Group Three Europe Zone

15 countries

Group Three Africa Zone

10 countries

Group Three Asia/Oceania Zone

9 countries

5Group Four Asia/Oceania Zone

11 countries

Note: The total number of nations in Group One is 24. However, the distribution among the three zones may vary each year, according to the number of nations promoted or relegated between Group One and the World Group. The number of nations in the World Group and Group One together is 22 from Euro/Africa Zone, 9 from Americas Zone and 9 from Asia/Oceania Zone.

Ties and rubbers

As in other cup competitions tie is used in the Davis Cup to mean an elimination round. In the Davis Cup, the word rubber means an individual match.

In the annual World Group competition, 16 nations compete in eight first-round ties; the eight winners compete in four quarterfinal ties; the four winners compete in two semifinal ties; and the two winners compete in the final tie.

Each tie consists of five rubbers, which are played in three days (usually on Friday, Saturday, and Sunday). The winner of the tie is the nation which wins three or more of the five rubbers in the tie. On the first day, the first two rubbers are singles, which are generally played by each nation's two best available singles players. On the second day, the doubles rubber is played. On the third day, the final two rubbers are typically reverse singles, in which the first-day contestants usually play again, but they swap opponents from the first day's singles rubbers. However, in certain circumstances, the team captain may replace one or two of the players who played the singles on Friday by other players who were nominated for the tie. For example, if the tie has already been decided in favour of one of the teams, it is common for younger or lower-ranked team members to play the remaining dead rubbers in order for them to gain Davis Cup experience.

Since 2011, if a nation has a winning 3–1 lead after the first reverse single match and that match has gone to four sets or more, then the remaining reverse single match which is a dead rubber is not played. All five rubbers are played if one nation has a winning 3–0 lead after the doubles match. [23]

Ties are played at a venue chosen by one of the competing countries. The right of choice is given on an alternating basis. Therefore, countries play in the country where the last tie between the teams was not held. In case the two countries have not met since 1970, lots are drawn to determine the host country. [24]

Venues in the World Group must comply with certain minimum standards, including a minimum seating capacity as follows: [25]

Captain

Prior to each tie, the captain (non-playing coach appointed by the national association) nominates a squad of four players and decides who will compete in the tie. On the day before play starts, the order of play for the first day is drawn at random. In the past, teams could substitute final day singles players only in case of injury or illness, verified by a doctor, but current rules permit the captain to designate any player to play the last two singles rubbers, provided that no first day matchup is repeated. There is no restriction on which of the playing team members may play the doubles rubber: the two singles players, two other players (usually doubles specialists) or a combination.

Each rubber is normally played as best of five sets. Since 2016, all sets use a tiebreak at 6–6 if necessary (formerly, the fifth set usually had no tiebreaker, so play continued until one side won by two games e.g. 10–8). However, if a team has clinched the tie before all five rubbers have been completed, the remaining rubbers may be shortened to best of three sets, with a tiebreak if necessary to decide all three sets.

In Group III and Group IV competitions, each tie consists only of three rubbers, which include two singles and one doubles rubber, which is played in a single day. The rubbers are in the best of three sets format, with a tie breaker if necessary to decide all three sets.

Records and statistics

Performance by team

+ – also won Junior Davis Cup title

CountryWinning YearsRunner-up Years
Flag of the United States.svg  United States + 1900, 1902, 1913, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1937, 1938, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1954, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1990, 1992, 1995, 2007 (32) 1903, 1905, 1906, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1914, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1939, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1964, 1973, 1984, 1991, 1997, 2004 (29)
Flag of Australia (1903-1908).svg  Australasia
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia +
1907, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1914, 1919, 1939, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1973, 1977, 1983, 1986, 1999, 2003 (28) 1912, 1920, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1936, 1938, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1954, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1990, 1993, 2000, 2001 (19)
Flag of France.svg  France + 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2017 (10) 1925, 1926, 1933, 1982, 1999, 2002, 2010, 2014, 2018 (9)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain + 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1912, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 2015 (10) 1900, 1902, 1907, 1913, 1919, 1931, 1937, 1978 (8)
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1975, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1994, 1997, 1998 (7) 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1996 (5)
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain + 2000, 2004, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2019 (6) 1965, 1967, 2003, 2012 (4)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia +
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic +
1980, 2012, 2013 (3) 1975, 2009 (2)
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany +
1988, 1989, 1993 (3) 1970, 1985 (2)
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia + 2002, 2006 (2) 1994, 1995, 2007 (3)
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 2005, 2018 (2) 2016 (1)
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy + 1976 (1) 1960, 1961, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1998 (6)
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 2016 (1) 1981, 2006, 2008, 2011 (4)
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 2010 (1) 2013 (1)
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 2014 (1) 1992 (1)
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa 1974 (1)
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 1969, 1971, 1972 (3)
Flag of India.svg  India 1966, 1974, 1987 (3)
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 1904, 2015, 2017 (3)
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan + 1921 (1)
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1962 (1)
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile + 1976 (1)
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 2005 (1)
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 2019 (1)

Titles by country (since 1972)

CountryTitlesFirstLast
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 919722007
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 719751998
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 619732003
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 620002019
Flag of France.svg  France 419912017
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
319881993
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
319802013
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 220022006
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 220052018
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 11974
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 11976
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 12010
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 12014
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 12015
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 12016

Years in World Group

Most wins in World Group

Country#
1. Flag of the United States.svg USA 64
2. Flag of France.svg France 58
3. Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 56
4. Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia 50
5. Flag of Spain.svg Spain 40
6. Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina 39
7. Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic 37
8. Flag of Germany.svg Germany 33
9. Flag of Russia.svg Russia 28
10. Flag of Italy.svg Italy 22

Results by nation

World Group

(1981–2018)

NationYrsWon 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Nat.
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 251F1RSFQF1R1RSFQF1RSFSFQFSFFQFFQFSFFSFSF1RSFW1R Flag of Argentina.svg
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 314SFSFWSFSFWSFQF1RFQFQFF1R1RSF1RWFF1RW1RQFSF1R1RSF1RSF1R Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 170QFSF1R1R1RQF1R1R1R1R1R1R1R1R1RQF1R Flag of Austria.svg
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus 40Part of Soviet Union / CISSF1RQF1R Flag of Belarus.svg
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 2001R1R1R1R1RQFSF1R1R1RQF1R1R1R1R1RF1RFQF Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1301R1RSF1R1R1RQFSFQF1R1R1R1R Flag of Brazil.svg
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 1001R1R1R1RSF1RQF1R1R1R Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 90QF1R1R1RQF1R1RQF1R Flag of Chile.svg
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 162Part of Yugoslavia1RQFQF1RWQF1RSFQF1RQF1R1RF1RW Flag of Croatia.svg
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 101R Flag of Cuba.svg
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic [decimal 1] 362QFQF1RSFSFSF1RQFQFQFQFQFQFQF1RSFQF1R1RQF1RQF1R1R1R1RQFFSF1RWWSF1RQF1R Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 901R1R1RQF1R1R1R1R1R Flag of Denmark.svg
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 501RQF1R1R1R Flag of Ecuador.svg
Flag of France.svg  France 3641RFSFQF1RQFSFQF1RWQFQFQF1RW1RF1RWFQFSFQFQFQFQF1RFSFQFQFFQFSFWF Flag of France.svg
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany [decimal 2] 3531R1R1RF1R1RWWQFSF1RWSFSFQF1RQF1RQFQF1R1R1RSFQFQF1RQF1R1RQF1R1R1RQF Flag of Germany.svg
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 171SF1R1R1RQF1R1R1R1R1R1R1RQFWSFQF1R Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 301R1R1R Flag of Hungary.svg
Flag of India.svg  India 1301R1RQF1RF1RSF1RQF1R1R1R1R Flag of India.svg
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 201R1R Flag of Indonesia.svg
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 101R Flag of Ireland.svg
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 100QF1R1R1R1R1R1RSF1R1R Flag of Israel.svg
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2701RQFQFQF1RQF1RQF1RQF1RQFQF1RQFSFSFF1R1R1RQFSF1RQFQFQF Flag of Italy.svg
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 801R1R1RQF1R1R1R1R Flag of Japan.svg
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 70Part of Soviet Union / CISQF1RQFQFQF1RQF Flag of Kazakhstan.svg
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1001R1RQFQF1R1R1R1R1R1R Flag of Mexico.svg
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 301R1R1R Flag of Morocco.svg
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1901R1RQFQFQF1RQF1R1R1RSF1R1RQFQF1R1R1R1R Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 80QFSFQF1R1R1RQF1R Flag of New Zealand.svg
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 70QFQFQF1RQF1R1R Flag of Paraguay.svg
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 101R Flag of Peru.svg
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 101R Flag of Poland.svg
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 140QF1RQF1R1R1R1R1RQF1R1R1R1R1R Flag of Romania.svg
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia [decimal 3] 2621R1R1R1R1R1RFF1R1R1RSFQFQFWQF1RSFWFSFQFQF1R1R1R Flag of Russia.svg
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia [decimal 4] 2011R1RQF1RSFSF1RSF1R1R1RWSFQFF1RQFQFSF1R Flag of Serbia.svg
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 70Part of Czechoslovakia1RQFQF1R1RF1R Flag of Slovakia.svg
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 40QFQFQF1R Flag of South Africa.svg
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 301R1R1R Flag of South Korea.svg
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 3251R1R1RSF1RQF1RQF1R1RQF1RQFSF1RW1RQFFW1R1RQFWWQFWF1R1RQFSF Flag of Spain.svg
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 316QFQFFWWFWFF1R1RSFSFWSFFWW1RSFQFQFQF1R1RSFQF1R1RQF1R Flag of Sweden.svg
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 2711R1R1RF1R1R1R1RQFQF1RQF1RSFQF1R1R1R1R1R1R1RW1R1R1R1R Flag of Switzerland.svg
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 376WW1RFQFSF1RSFWFW1RSFWQFFSFQFSF1RSF1RF1RSFWSFQF1RQFSFQF1R1RQFQFSF Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 30QF1R1R Flag of Zimbabwe.svg
  1. until 1992 Czechoslovakia
  2. until 1989 West Germany
  3. until 1992 Soviet Union, 1993 CIS
  4. until 2003 Yugoslavia, 2004–2006 Serbia and Montenegro

Finals

Country 2019 2021
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina QF
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia QFq
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria q
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium RR
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Fq
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile RR
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia RRq
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia RRq
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic q
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador q
Flag of France.svg  France RRq
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany QFq
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain SFq
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary q
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy RRq
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan RR
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan RRq
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands RR
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia SFq
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia QFq
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Wq
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden q
Flag of the United States.svg  United States RRq

Individual

1Players must now be aged 14 and over

Current ITF Davis Cup ranking

For more information, see ITF Rankings

ITF Davis Cup Nations Ranking
as of 9 March 2020 [27]
#NationPointsMove
1Flag of France.svg  France 1,364.50Steady2.svg
2Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 1,349.50Steady2.svg
3Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 914.81Steady2.svg
4Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 632.63Steady2.svg
5Flag of the United States.svg  United States 603.32Increase2.svg 1
6Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 481.63Increase2.svg 3
7Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 465.13Steady2.svg
8Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 424.19Increase2.svg 4
9Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 423.26Increase2.svg 2
10Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 417.50Decrease2.svg 2
11Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 417.13Decrease2.svg 1
12Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 367.25Increase2.svg 1
13Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 340.13Increase2.svg 1
14Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 322.13Increase2.svg 4
15Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 319.69Increase2.svg 1
16Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 317.00Decrease2.svg 11
17Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 301.38Decrease2.svg 2
18Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 294.25Increase2.svg 1
19Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 290.63Decrease2.svg 2
20Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 261.56Steady2.svg

Change since previous ranking update

ATP points distribution (from 2009 to 2015)

Davis Cup
Rubber categoryMatch winMatch lossTeam bonusPerformance bonusTotal achievable
SinglesPlay-offs5 / 10115
First round4010280
Quarterfinals65130
Semifinals70140
Final757531254150 / 2253 / 2754
Cumulative total500500 to 535362546254
DoublesPlay-offs1010
First round5010250
Quarterfinals8080
Semifinals9090
Final9535595 / 1305
Cumulative total31535053505

The Davis Cup World Group and World Group Play-Off matches awarded ATP Ranking points from 2009 to 2015. [28]

Glossary

Only live matches earn points; dead rubbers earn no points. If a player does not compete in the singles of one or more rounds he will receive points from the previous round when playing singles at the next tie. This last rule also applies for playing in doubles matches. [28]

1 A player who wins a singles rubber in the first day of the tie is awarded 5 points, whereas a singles rubber win in tie's last day grants 10 points for a total of 15 available points. [28]

2 For the first round only, any player who competes in a live rubber, without a win, receives 10 ranking points for participation. [28]

3 Team bonus awarded to a singles player who wins 7 live matches in a calendar year and his team wins the competition. [28]

4 Performance bonus awarded to a singles player who wins 8 live matches in a calendar year. In this case, no Team bonus is awarded. [28]

5 Team bonus awarded to an unchanged doubles team who wins 4 matches in a calendar year and his team wins the competition. [28]

Broadcasters

Country/regionBroadcasterRef
FreePaySummary
International Rakuten TV 25 matches at the finals [29] [30]
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina TyC Sports Selected matches (including the finals round, all matches for Argentina team)
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Nine beIN Sports
  • Nine: Australia team matches only, including at the finals round
  • TF1: France team matches at the finals round only
  • beIN Sports: Selected qualifiers, with all 25 finals.
[31]
Flag of France.svg  France TF1 [32]
Flag of the Arab League.svg  MENA
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria ServusTV DAZN
  • ServusTV: Austria matches only
  • DOSB: Germany matches only on Sportdeutschland.tv
  • DAZN: Qualifiers (for Brazil viewers only), with all 25 finals.
[33]
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany DOSB
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
Wowow Japan matches only
Rakuten
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus Belteleradio Belarus matches only
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium VRT Belgium matches only
RTBF
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina Arena Sport
  • HRT: Croatia team matches only, including at the finals round
  • RTS: Serbia team matches only, including at the finals round
  • Arena Sport: 25 matches at the finals
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia HRT
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia RTS
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Sportsnet (English) [34]
TVA Sports (French)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China iQiyi Selected qualifiers, with all 25 finals
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Win Sports Qualifiers (Colombia matches only), with selected matches at the finals
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile TVN Claro
  • TVN: Chile team (including at the finals round), plus final match
  • Claro: Selected matches
[35] [36]
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay
Central America Sky Selected qualifiers, with all 25 finals
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic ČT Czech Republic matches only on Sport
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Eurosport
  • Eurosport: Selected qualifiers (for India viewers only in 2020) and 25 matches at the finals.
  • STF: Sweden qualifier only
[37]
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland
Flag of India.svg  India
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden STF
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary MTVA Hungary matches only
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Mola TV25 matches at the finals [38]
Flag of East Timor.svg  Timor-Leste
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Sport 5 Selected matches, with all 25 finals
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy SuperTennis Live coverage on TV for Italy team matches plus a final, selected non-Italy group matches on Facebook [39]
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan QAZTRK Kazakhstan team matches only, including the finals round, live on Qazsport [40]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Ziggo All matches [41]
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Sky Sport Selected matches, with all 25 finals
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan PTV Sports (Terrestrial) PTV Sports 2020 Davis Cup World Group I (Pakistan Match Only) [42]
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Sport TV All matches [43]
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Match TV All matches
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore StarHub TV Selected matches, with all 25 finals [44]
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia RTVS Slovakia matches only on :2
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Movistar+ 25 matches at the finals
Flag of the United States.svg  United States CBS Sports USA matches only
Fox Sports USA team matches at the finals round only, plus final match

See also

Notes

    Related Research Articles

    The Billie Jean King Cup is the premier international team competition in women's tennis, launched as the Federation Cup in 1963 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the International Tennis Federation (ITF). The name was changed to the Fed Cup in 1995, and changed again in September 2020 in honor of former World No. 1 Billie Jean King. The Billie Jean King Cup is the world's largest annual women's international team sports competition in terms of the number of nations that compete. The current Chairperson is Katrina Adams.

    Dan Evans (tennis) British tennis player

    Daniel Evans is a British professional tennis player. In 2015, he formed part of the winning British Davis Cup team. He has a career-high ranking of World No. 25 achieved on 14 June 2021, and is the current British No. 1 in singles. He reached a career-high ranking of World No. 52 in doubles on 26 April 2021.

    Jamie Murray British tennis player

    Jamie Robert Murray, is a British professional tennis player from Scotland. He is a seven-time Grand Slam doubles winner and a Davis Cup champion, currently the world No. 22 doubles player, and a former doubles world No. 1. Murray is the elder brother of Britain's former world No. 1 singles tennis player, Andy Murray.

    The Australian Davis Cup team is the second most successful team ever to compete in the Davis Cup, winning the coveted title on 28 separate occasions, second behind the United States with 32.

    The Switzerland Davis Cup team represents Switzerland in the Davis Cup tennis competition and is governed by Swiss Tennis.

    The Canada Davis Cup team represents Canada in Davis Cup tennis competition and is governed by Tennis Canada.

    The Hungary Davis Cup team represents Hungary in Davis Cup tennis competition and are governed by the Hungarian Tennis Association.

    The Norway Davis Cup team represents Norway in Davis Cup tennis competition and are governed by the Norges Tennisforbund.

    The Lithuania Davis Cup team represents Lithuania in Davis Cup tennis competition and are governed by the Lithuanian Tennis Association.

    Jamie Baker (tennis) British tennis player

    Jamie Baker is a retired British professional male tennis player, who was British No. 2 in 2008.

    James Ward (tennis) British tennis player

    James Ward is a British tennis player. He is a Davis Cup champion and former British No. 2.

    Colin Fleming British tennis player

    Colin Fleming is a British retired professional tennis player who specialised in doubles.

    Andy Murray is a professional tennis player who is the current world No. 121 in the ATP rankings. He is the reigning Olympic champion, having won the men's singles tennis tournament at the 2016 Rio Olympics. He is the only tennis player, male or female, to defend Olympics Single Gold Medal successfully in his career, when he won back to back Singles Gold Medal in 2012 and then 2016 Summer Olympics and in the process became the only tennis player, male or female, to win 2 consecutive Olympic Gold Medals. He has reached eleven grand slam finals in total: he won the 2016 Wimbledon Championships, 2013 Wimbledon Championships and the 2012 US Open, and finished as runner-up at the 2008 US Open, the 2010, 2011, 2013, 2015 and 2016 Australian Opens, at Wimbledon in 2012 and the 2016 French Open.

    Frederik Nielsen Danish tennis player

    Frederik Løchte Nielsen is a professional tennis player. He is currently the top ranked player from Denmark in ATP doubles world rankings. A former Wimbledon men's doubles champion, he peaked at no. 17 in the rankings in April 2013. Nielsen has reached five other doubles finals on tour, winning on two occasions.

    2013 ATP World Tour Mens tennis circuit

    The 2013 ATP World Tour was the global elite professional tennis circuit organized by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) for the 2013 tennis season. The 2013 ATP World Tour calendar comprises the Grand Slam tournaments, the ATP World Tour Masters 1000, the ATP World Tour 500 series, the ATP World Tour 250 series, the Davis Cup and the ATP World Tour Finals. Also included in the 2013 calendar is the Hopman Cup, which was organized by the ITF and does not distribute ranking points.

    Henri Laaksonen Swiss-Finnish tennis player

    Henri Joona Julius Laaksonen is a Swiss-Finnish tennis player. His highest singles ranking is world No. 93, which he achieved in August 2017, and his highest doubles ranking is world No. 191, achieved in December 2018.

    2014 ATP World Tour Mens tennis circuit

    The 2014 ATP World Tour was the global male elite professional tennis circuit organized by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) for the 2014 tennis season. The 2014 ATP World Tour calendar comprises the Grand Slam tournaments, the ATP World Tour Masters 1000, the ATP World Tour 500 series, the ATP World Tour 250 series, the Davis Cup and the ATP World Tour Finals. Also included in the 2014 calendar is the Hopman Cup, which is organized by the ITF and does not distribute ranking points.

    2015 ATP World Tour Mens tennis circuit

    The 2015 ATP World Tour was the global elite professional tennis circuit organized by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) for the 2015 tennis season. The 2015 ATP World Tour calendar comprises the Grand Slam tournaments, the ATP World Tour Masters 1000, the ATP World Tour 500 series, the ATP World Tour 250 series, the Davis Cup and the ATP World Tour Finals. Also included in the 2015 calendar is the Hopman Cup, which is organized by the ITF and does not distribute ranking points.

    Konstantin Pavlovich Pugaev is a former professional tennis player from Russia who represented the Soviet Union.

    References

    1. "Andy Murray wins Davis Cup for Great Britain - BBC Sport". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 28 November 2018. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
    2. "Davis Cup Format". www.daviscup.com. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2016. In 2016, 130 nations have entered Davis Cup by BNP Paribas
    3. 1 2 https://www.tennis.com/pro-game/2013/12/40-years-ago-lookout-cleveland/49914 Retrieved 5 December 2019
    4. Gillmeister, Heiner (1998). Tennis: A Cultural History. New York: New York University Press. pp.  213–214. ISBN   978-0-8147-3121-5.
    5. Eaves, Simon J.; Lake, Robert J. (2016). "The 'Ubiquitous Apostle of International Play', Wilberforce Vaughan Eaves: The Forgotten Internationalist of Lawn Tennis" (PDF). The International Journal of the History of Sport. 33 (16): 1963–1981. doi:10.1080/09523367.2017.1295957. S2CID   159668658. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 September 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
    6. Lake, Robert J. (2015). A Social History of Tennis in Britain. London: Routledge. pp. 70–71. ISBN   978-0-415-68430-9.
    7. Gillmeister, Heiner (1998). Tennis: A Cultural History. New York: New York University Press. pp.  258. ISBN   978-0-8147-3121-5.
    8. "Tennis of Two Nations". Chicago Tribune: 10. 3 September 1896.
    9. "Tennis from Far Shores". Chicago Tribune: 8. 28 September 1896.
    10. "American Players Abroad". American Lawn Tennis: 89. 27 April 1898.
    11. John Grasso (September 2011). Davis Cup. Historical Dictionary of Tennis. Scarecrow Press. p. 79. ISBN   9780810874909. Archived from the original on 28 May 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
    12. "Davis Cup Grows by a Third". daviscup.com. Archived from the original on 1 May 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2010.
    13. Eaves, Simon J.; Lake, Robert J. (2018). "Dwight Davis and the Foundation of the Davis Cup in Tennis: Just Another Doubleday Myth?". Journal of Sport History. 45 (1): 1–23. doi:10.5406/jsporthistory.45.1.0001. S2CID   158171573. Archived from the original on 11 September 2018. Retrieved 19 August 2018 via Project MUSE.
    14. "History – Davis Cup - Pro Tournaments - News and Events - Tennis Australia". Tennis Australia. Archived from the original on 8 March 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
    15. "Davis Cup set for fifth set tiebreak in 2016". Archived from the original on 10 July 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
    16. "Davis Cup reform: Nations vote for 18-team season-ending event". BBC Sport. 16 August 2018. Archived from the original on 17 August 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
    17. Bodo, Peter (16 August 2018). "Here's everything you need to know about the massive Davis Cup overhaul". ESPN. Archived from the original on 17 August 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
    18. "Tennis greats tear into Davis Cup overhaul". news.com.au. 17 August 2018. Archived from the original on 17 August 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
    19. Briggs, Simon (29 August 2018). "Davis Cup should not become the Pique Cup, warns Roger Federer". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 30 August 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
    20. 6,000 join Malmö Davis Cup protest Archived 23 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine . The Local 7 March 2009.
    21. Crowd ban 'risks bolstering extremists' Archived 3 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine . The Local 7 March 2009.
    22. "Historic Davis Cup reforms approved at AGM". Daviscup.com. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
    23. "ITF revises Davis Cup dead rubber policy". DavisCup.com. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
    24. "Davis Cup Rules & Regulations – 2012 (English)". Archived from the original on 20 November 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
    25. "Davis Cup Rules". Archived from the original on 20 September 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
    26. 1 2 3 4 5 "History - Records". Davis Cup. Archived from the original on 9 July 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
    27. "Nations Ranking". daviscup.com. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
    28. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "The 2015 ATP® Official Rulebook" (pdf). 18 January 2015. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
    29. "Davis Cup by Rakuten Madrid Finals to be broadcast in more than 171 countries". Davis Cup. 7 November 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
    30. "WHERE TO WATCH THE DAVIS CUP QUALIFIERS". Davis Cup. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
    31. "Watch live this week on beIN SPORTS". beIN Sports . Retrieved 15 November 2019.
    32. "Tennis returns to TF1 in Davis Cup Finals deal". SportBusiness Media. 2 September 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
    33. "DAZN adds Davis Cup rights in Brazil". SportBusiness Media. 15 November 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
    34. "Davis Cup Finals: What you need to know about Canada's competition - Sportsnet.ca". Sportsnet . Retrieved 19 November 2019.
    35. "Copa Davis 2019: TV, fechas, horarios y dónde ver online". AS.com (in Spanish). 18 November 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
    36. TVN (24 November 2019). "Únete a la transmisión de la final de la #CopaDavisXTVN: Canadá y España lo darán todo para proclamarse campeones del mundo Síguelo por TVN". Twitter (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 November 2019.
    37. "Eurosport to deliver re-vamped Davis Cup Finals event in multiple markets across Europe". Davis Cup. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
    38. "Mola TV on Instagram: "Davis Cup atau Piala Davis 2019 yang menjadi edisi ke-108 turnamen tenis putra antar tim nasional dimodifikasi menjadi sangat menarik,…"". Instagram . Retrieved 15 November 2019.
    39. "Davis Cup Finals: tutte le dirette di SuperTennis fino a domenica". Italian Tennis Federation. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
    40. "ТЕННИС. Дэвис Кубогі". Qazsport . Retrieved 24 November 2019.
    41. Ziggo Sport (18 November 2019). "Vandaag kun je al genieten van Davis Cup Switch vanaf 15.00 uur op Ziggo Sport Extra! Dinsdagochtend is Nederland in de Davis Cup Finals aan de beurt tegen Kazachstan. Kijk vanaf 11.00 live mee op Ziggo Sport kanaal 14 en Select". Twitter (in Dutch). Retrieved 24 November 2019.
    42. "Davis Cup 2020 World Group 1 PAKvsJAP". Facebook. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
    43. "Davis Cup Finals com cobertura exaustiva em Portugal". Bola Amarela Brasil (in Portuguese). 17 November 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
    44. hermes (20 November 2019). "Next 48 Hours". The Straits Times. Retrieved 6 March 2020.