Davis Cup

Last updated
Davis Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
Tennisball current event.svg 2019 Davis Cup
Logo Davis Cup.png
Sport Tennis
Founded1900;119 years ago (1900)
Founder Dwight F. Davis
No. of teams18 (World Group)
Countries ITF member nations
Continent Worldwide
Most recent
champion(s)
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia (2nd title)
Most titlesFlag of the United States.svg  United States (32 titles)
Official website DavisCup.com
2018 Davis Cup Final - opening ceremony Coupe Davis Finale 2018.jpg
2018 Davis Cup Final - opening ceremony

The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in men's tennis. It is run by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) and is contested annually between teams from competing countries in a knock-out format. It is described by the organisers as the "World Cup of Tennis", and the winners are referred to as the World Champion team. [1] The competition began in 1900 as a challenge between Great Britain and the United States. By 2016, 135 nations entered teams into the competition. [2] The most successful countries over the history of the tournament are the United States (winning 32 tournaments and finishing as runners-up 29 times) and Australia (winning 28 times, including four occasions with New Zealand as Australasia, and finishing as runners-up 19 times). The present champions are Croatia, who beat France to win their second title in 2018.

Tennis Ball sport with racket and net

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.

International Tennis Federation governing body of world tennis

The International Tennis Federation (ITF) is the governing body of world tennis, wheelchair tennis, and beach tennis. It was founded in 1913 as the International Lawn Tennis Federation by twelve national associations, and as of 2016, is affiliated with 211 national tennis associations and six regional associations.

Single-elimination tournament knock-out sports competition

A single-elimination, knockout, or sudden death tournament is a type of elimination tournament where the loser of each match-up is immediately eliminated from the tournament. Each winner will play another in the next round, until the final match-up, whose winner becomes the tournament champion. Each match-up may be a single match or several, for example two-legged ties in European football or best-of series in American pro sports. Defeated competitors may play no further part after losing, or may participate in "consolation" or "classification" matches against other losers to determine the lower final rankings; for example, a third place playoff between losing semi-finalists. In a shootout poker tournament, there are more than two players competing at each table, and sometimes more than one progressing to the next round. Some competitions are held with a pure single-elimination tournament system. Others have many phases, with the last being a single-elimination final stage, often called playoffs.

Contents

The women's equivalent of the Davis Cup is the Fed Cup. Australia, the Czech Republic, and the United States are the only countries to have held both Davis Cup and Fed Cup titles in the same year.

Fed Cup international team competition in womens tennis

Fed Cup is the premier international team competition in women's tennis, launched in 1963 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the International Tennis Federation (ITF). The competition was known as the Federation Cup until 1995. The Fed Cup is the world's largest annual women's international team sports competition in terms of the number of nations that compete. The current Fed Cup Chairperson is Katrina Adams.

The Czech Republic Davis Cup team represents the Czech Republic in Davis Cup tennis competition and are governed by the Czech Tennis Federation. The Czech team was started in 1993, following the break-up of Czechoslovakia.

History

Davis Cup Davis Cup Praha CRo 2012-11-28 cropped 1.jpg
Davis Cup

The idea for a tournament pitting the best British and Americans in competition against one another was probably first conceived by James Dwight, the first president of the U.S. National Lawn Tennis Association when it formed in 1881. Desperate to assess the development of American players against the renowned British champions, he worked tirelessly to engage British officials in a properly sanctioned match, but failed to do so. He nevertheless tried to entice top international (particularly British) talent to the U.S. and sanctioned semi-official tours of the top American players to Great Britain. [3] Diplomatic relations between Great Britain and the United Stated on the tennis front had strengthened such that, by the mid 1890s, reciprocal tours were staged annually between players of the two nations, and an ensuing friendship between American William Larned and Irishman Harold Mahony spurred efforts to formalize an official team competition between the two nations. [4]

James Dwight US tennis player

James Dwight was an American tennis player who was known as the "Founding Father of American Tennis".

William Larned American tennis player

William Augustus Larned was an American tennis player who was active at the beginning of the 20th century. He won seven singles titles at the U.S. National Championships.

Harold Mahony Irish tennis player

Harold Segerson Mahony was a Scottish-born tennis player who is best known for winning the singles title at the Wimbledon Championships in 1896. His career lasted from 1888 until his death in 1905. Mahony was born in Scotland but lived in Ireland for the majority of his life; his family were Irish including both of his parents, the family home was in County Kerry, Southwestern Ireland. He was the last Scottish born man to win Wimbledon until the victory of Andy Murray at the 2013 championships.

International competitions had been staged for some time before the first Davis Cup match in 1900. From 1892, England and Ireland had been competing in an annual national-team-based competition, similar to what would become the standard Davis Cup format, mixing single and doubles matches, and in 1895 England played against France in a national team competition. [5] During Larned's tour of the British Isles in 1896, where he competed in several tournaments including the Wimbledon Championships, he was also a spectator for the annual England vs. Ireland match. He returned to exclaim that Britain had agreed to send a group of three to the US the following summer, which would represent the first British lawn tennis "team" to compete in the U.S. Coincidentally, some weeks before Larned left for his British tour, the idea for an international competition was discussed also between leading figures in American lawn tennis - one of whom was tennis journalist E.P. Fischer - at a tournament in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario. Dwight F. Davis was in attendance at this tournament, and was thought to have got wind of the idea as it was discussed in the tournament's popular magazine, and Davis's name was mentioned as someone who might 'do something for the game … put up some big prize, or cup'. [6] Larned and Fischer met on several occasions that summer and discussed the idea of an international match to be held in Chicago the following summer, pitting six of the best British players against six of the best Americans, in a mixture of singles and doubles matches. This was discussed openly in two articles in the Chicago Tribune, but did not come to fruition. [7] [8]

The Championships, Wimbledon Tennis tournament

The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon, or The Championships, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is regarded by many as the most prestigious. It has been held at the All England Club in Wimbledon, London, since 1877 and is played on outdoor grass courts, and since 2009 with a retractable roof over Centre Court.

Niagara-on-the-Lake Town in Ontario, Canada

Niagara-on-the-Lake is a town in Ontario, Canada. It is located on the Niagara Peninsula at the point where the Niagara River meets Lake Ontario, across the river from New York, United States. Niagara-on-the-Lake is in the Niagara Region of Ontario, and is the only town in Canada that has a Lord Mayor. It has a population of 17,511 (2016).

Dwight F. Davis American politician and tennis player

Dwight Filley Davis, Sr. was an American tennis player and politician. He is best remembered as the founder of the Davis Cup international tennis competition. He was the Assistant Secretary of War from 1923 to 1925 and Secretary of War from 1925 to 1929.

Nevertheless, the following summer, Great Britain - though not under the official auspices of the Lawn Tennis Association - sent three of its best players to compete in several US tournaments. Their relative poor performances convinced Dwight and other leading officials and figures in American lawn tennis that the time was right for a properly sanctioned international competition. This was to be staged in Newcastle in July 1898, [9] but the event never took place as the Americans could not field a sufficiently strong team. A reciprocal tour to the U.S. in 1899 amounted to just a single British player travelling overseas, as many of the players were involved in overseas armed conflicts.

Lawn Tennis Association British tennis association

The Lawn Tennis Association (LTA) is the national governing body of tennis in Great Britain, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. The organisation was founded in 1888 and seven-time Wimbledon champion William Renshaw was elected as its first president.

It was at this juncture, in the summer of 1899, that four members of the Harvard University tennis team - Dwight Davis included - travelled across the States to challenge the best west-coast talent, and upon his return, it apparently occurred to Davis that if teams representing regions could arouse such great feelings, then why wouldn't a tennis event that pitted national teams in competition be just as successful. He approached James Dwight with the idea, which was tentatively agreed, and he ordered an appropriate sterling silver punchbowl trophy from Shreve, Crump & Low, purchasing it from his own funds for about $1,000. [10] They in turn commissioned a classically styled design from William B. Durgin's of Concord, New Hampshire, crafted by the Englishman Rowland Rhodes. [11] Beyond donating a trophy for the competition, however, Davis's involvement in the incipient development of the tournament that came to bear his name was negligible, yet a persistent myth has emerged that Davis devised both the idea for an international tennis competition and its format of mixing singles and doubles matches. Research has shown this to be a myth, [12] similar in its exaggeration of a single individual's efforts within a highly complex long-term development to the myths of William Webb Ellis and Abner Doubleday, who have both been wrongly credited with inventing rugby and baseball, respectively. Davis nevertheless went on to become a prominent politician in the United States in the 1920s, serving as US Secretary of War from 1925 to 1929 and as Governor-General of the Philippines from 1929 to 1932.

Harvard University Private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with about 6,700 undergraduate students and about 15,250 postgraduate students. Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the United States' oldest institution of higher learning. Its history, influence, wealth, and academic reputation have made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world. It has often been cited as the world's top university by most publishers.

Sterling silver alloy of silver containing 92.5% by mass of silver and 7.5% by mass of other metals, usually copper

Sterling silver is an alloy of silver containing 92.5% by weight of silver and 7.5% by weight of other metals, usually copper. The sterling silver standard has a minimum millesimal fineness of 925.

Shreve, Crump & Low, a Boston, Massachusetts business, is the oldest purveyor of luxury goods in North America, responsible for trophies such as the Davis Cup and the Cy Young Award.

The first match, between the United States and Britain (competing as the "British Isles"), was held at the Longwood Cricket Club in Boston, Massachusetts in 1900. The American team, of which Dwight Davis was a part, surprised the British by winning the first three matches. The following year the two countries did not compete, but the US won the match in 1902 and Britain won the following four matches. By 1905 the tournament expanded to include Belgium, Austria, France, and Australasia, a combined team from Australia and New Zealand that competed together until 1914.

The tournament was initially titled the International Lawn Tennis Challenge although it soon became known as the Davis Cup, after Dwight Davis' trophy. The Davis Cup competition was initially played as a challenge cup. All teams competed against one another for the right to face the previous year's champion in the final round.

Beginning in 1923, the world's teams were split into two zones: the "America Zone" and the "Europe Zone". The winners of the two zones met in the Inter-Zonal Zone ("INZ") to decide which national team would challenge the defending champion for the cup. In 1955 a third zone, the "Eastern Zone", was added. Because there were three zones, the winner of one of the three zones received a bye in the first round of the INZ challenger rounds. In 1966, the "Europe Zone" was split into two zones, "Europe Zone A" and "Europe Zone B", so the winners of the four zones competed in the INZ challenger rounds.

From 1950 to 1967, Australia dominated the competition, winning the Cup 15 times in 18 years. [13]

Beginning in 1972, the format was changed to a knockout tournament, so that the defending champion was required to compete in all rounds, and the Davis Cup was awarded to the tournament champion.

Up until 1973, the Davis Cup had only ever been won by the United States, Great Britain/British Isles, France and Australia/Australasia. Their domination was eventually broken in 1974 when South Africa and India made the final; however the final was scratched and South Africa awarded the cup after India refused to travel to South Africa in protest of South Africa's apartheid policies. The following year saw the first actual final between two "outsider" nations, when Sweden beat Czechoslovakia 3–2, and since then, many other countries have gone on to capture the trophy.

In 1981, the tiered system of competition in use today was created, in which the 16 best national teams compete in the World Group and all other national teams compete in one of four groups in one of three regional zones. In 1989, the tiebreak was introduced into Davis Cup competition, and from 2016 it is used in all five sets. [14]

In 2018, the ITF voted to change the format of the competition from 2019 onwards, changing it to an 18-team event to happen at the end of the season, with 71% of ITF member federations voting in favour of the change. The new format, backed by footballer Gerard Pique and Japanese businessman Hiroshi Mikitani, was likened to a world cup of tennis and was designed to be more attractive to sponsors and broadcasters. Opposing federations included those from Australia, Germany, and Great Britain. Support for the reform was also mixed among current and former players, with some such as Novak Djokovic and Rafael Nadal being in favour of the new format, but others such as Rod Laver, Lucas Pouille and Roger Federer being opposed. [15] [16] [17] [18]

Davis Cup games have been affected by political protests several times, especially in Sweden:

Format

Monument to the Davis Cup at Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France Davis Cup Roland Garros.jpg
Monument to the Davis Cup at Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France

Tournament

The 16 best national teams are assigned to the World Group and compete annually for the Davis Cup. Nations which are not in the World Group compete in one of three regional zones (Americas, Asia/Oceania, and Europe/Africa). The competition is spread over four weekends during the year. Each elimination round between competing nations is held in one of the countries, and is played as the best of five matches (4 singles, 1 doubles). The ITF determines the host countries for all possible matchups before each year's tournament.

The World Group is the top group and includes the world's best 16 national teams. Teams in the World Group play a four-round elimination tournament. Teams are seeded based on a ranking system released by the ITF, taking into account previous years' results. The defending champion and runner-up are always the top two seeds in the tournament. The losers of the first-round matches are sent to the World Group playoff round, where they play along with winners from Group I of the regional zones. The playoff round winners play in the World Group for the next year's tournament, while the losers play in Group I of their respective regional zone.

Each of the three regional zones is divided into four groups. Groups I and II play elimination rounds, with the losing teams facing relegation to the next-lower group. The teams in Groups III and those in Group IV play a round-robin tournament with promotion and relegation.

Structure

LevelGroup(s)
1World Group

16 countries

2Group One Americas Zone

6 countries

Group One Europe/Africa Zone

11 countries

Group One Asia/Oceania Zone

7 countries

3Group Two Americas Zone

8 countries

Group Two Europe/Africa Zone

16 countries

Group Two Asia/Oceania Zone

8 countries

4Group Three Americas Zone

9 countries

Group Three Europe Zone

15 countries

Group Three Africa Zone

10 countries

Group Three Asia/Oceania Zone

9 countries

5Group Four Asia/Oceania Zone

11 countries

Note: The total number of nations in Group One is 24. However, the distribution among the three zones may vary each year, according to the number of nations promoted or relegated between Group One and the World Group. The number of nations in the World Group and Group One together is 22 from Euro/Africa Zone, 9 from Americas Zone and 9 from Asia/Oceania Zone.

Ties and rubbers

As in other cup competitions tie is used in the Davis Cup to mean an elimination round. In the Davis Cup, the word rubber means an individual match.

In the annual World Group competition, 16 nations compete in eight first-round ties; the eight winners compete in four quarterfinal ties; the four winners compete in two semifinal ties; and the two winners compete in the final tie.

Each tie consists of five rubbers, which are played in three days (usually on Friday, Saturday, and Sunday). The winner of the tie is the nation which wins three or more of the five rubbers in the tie. On the first day, the first two rubbers are singles, which are generally played by each nation's two best available singles players. On the second day, the doubles rubber is played. On the third day, the final two rubbers are typically reverse singles, in which the first-day contestants usually play again, but they swap opponents from the first day's singles rubbers. However, in certain circumstances, the team captain may replace one or two of the players who played the singles on Friday by other players who were nominated for the tie. For example, if the tie has already been decided in favour of one of the teams, it is common for younger or lower-ranked team members to play the remaining dead rubbers in order for them to gain Davis Cup experience.

Since 2011, if a nation has a winning 3–1 lead after the first reverse single match and that match has gone to four sets or more, then the remaining reverse single match which is a dead rubber is not played. All five rubbers are played if one nation has a winning 3–0 lead after the doubles match. [21]

Ties are played at a venue chosen by one of the competing countries. The right of choice is given on an alternating basis. Therefore, countries play in the country where the last tie between the teams was not held. In case the two countries have not met since 1970, lots are drawn to determine the host country. [22]

Venues in the World Group must comply with certain minimum standards, including a minimum seating capacity as follows: [23]

Captain

Prior to each tie, the captain (non-playing coach appointed by the national association) nominates a squad of four players and decides who will compete in the tie. On the day before play starts, the order of play for the first day is drawn at random. In the past, teams could substitute final day singles players only in case of injury or illness, verified by a doctor, but current rules permit the captain to designate any player to play the last two singles rubbers, provided that no first day matchup is repeated. There is no restriction on which of the playing team members may play the doubles rubber: the two singles players, two other players (usually doubles specialists) or a combination.

Each rubber is normally played as best of five sets. Since 2016, all sets use a tiebreak at 6–6 if necessary (formerly, the fifth set usually had no tiebreaker, so play continued until one side won by two games e.g. 10–8). However, if a team has clinched the tie before all five rubbers have been completed, the remaining rubbers may be shortened to best of three sets, with a tiebreak if necessary to decide all three sets.

In Group III and Group IV competitions, each tie consists only of three rubbers, which include two singles and one doubles rubber, which is played in a single day. The rubbers are in the best of three sets format, with a tie breaker if necessary to decide all three sets.

Records and statistics

Performance by team

+ - also won Junior Davis Cup title

CountryWinning YearsRunner-up Years
Flag of the United States.svg  United States + 1900, 1902, 1913, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1937, 1938, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1954, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1990, 1992, 1995, 2007 (32) 1903, 1905, 1906, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1914, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1939, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1964, 1973, 1984, 1991, 1997, 2004 (29)
Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg  Australasia
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia +
1907, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1914, 1919, 1939, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1973, 1977, 1983, 1986, 1999, 2003 (28) 1912, 1920, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1936, 1938, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1954, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1990, 1993, 2000, 2001 (19)
Flag of France.svg  France + 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2017 (10) 1925, 1926, 1933, 1982, 1999, 2002, 2010, 2014, 2018 (9)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain + 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1912, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 2015 (10) 1900, 1902, 1907, 1913, 1919, 1931, 1937, 1978 (8)
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1975, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1994, 1997, 1998 (7) 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1996 (5)
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain + 2000, 2004, 2008, 2009, 2011 (5) 1965, 1967, 2003, 2012 (4)
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany +
1988, 1989, 1993 (3) 1970, 1985 (2)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia +
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic +
1980, 2012, 2013 (3) 1975, 2009 (2)
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia + 2002, 2006 (2) 1994, 1995, 2007 (3)
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 2005, 2018 (2) 2016 (1)
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy + 1976 (1) 1960, 1961, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1998 (6)
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 2016 (1) 1981, 2006, 2008, 2011 (4)
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 2010 (1) 2013 (1)
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 2014 (1) 1992 (1)
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa 1974 (1)
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 1969, 1971, 1972 (3)
Flag of India.svg  India 1966, 1974, 1987 (3)
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 1904, 2015, 2017 (3)
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan + 1921 (1)
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1962 (1)
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile + 1976 (1)
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 2005 (1)

Titles by country (since 1972)

CountryTitlesFirstLast
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 919722007
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 719751998
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 619732003
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 520002011
Flag of France.svg  France 419912017
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 319881993
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
319802013
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 220022006
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 220052018
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 11974
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 11976
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 12010
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 12014
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 12015
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 12016

Years in World Group

Most wins in World Group

Country#
1. Flag of the United States.svg USA 64
2. Flag of France.svg France 58
3. Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 56
4. Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia 50
5. Flag of Spain.svg Spain 40
6. Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina 39
7. Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic 37
8. Flag of Germany.svg Germany 33
9. Flag of Russia.svg Russia 28
10. Flag of Italy.svg Italy 22

World Group results by nation

Last 20 years (1999–2018)

Country 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 YearsWon
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina SFSFQFSFFQFFQFSFFSFSF1RSFW1R161
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia WFF1RW1RQFSF1R1RSF1RSF1R142
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 1R1R1R1R1R1R1R1RQF1R100
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus SF1RQF1R40
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium SF1R1R1RQF1R1R1R1R1RF1RFQF140
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil QFSFQF1R1R1R1R70
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 1R1RSF1RQF1R1R1R80
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 1RQF1R1RQF1R60
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia QFQF1RWQF1RSFQF1RQF1R1RF1RW152
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 1RQF1RQF1R1R1R1RQFFSF1RWWSF1RQF1R182
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 1R1R20
Flag of France.svg  France F1RWFQFSFQFQFQFQF1RFSFQFQFFQFSFWF202
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1RQFQF1R1R1RSFQFQF1RQF1R1RQF1R1R1RQF180
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 1R1R1R1R1RQFWSFQF1R101
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 1R10
Flag of India.svg  India 1R1R20
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 1RSF1R1R40
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1R1R1RQFSF1RQFQFQF90
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 1RQF1R1R1R1R60
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan QF1RQFQFQF1RQF70
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 1R1R1R30
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1R1RSF1R1RQFQF1R1R1R1R110
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 1R10
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 1R10
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 1R1R1RQF1R1R1R1R1R90
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia SFQFQFWQF1RSFWFSFQFQF1R1R1R152
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 1R1RWSFQFF1RQFQFSF1R111
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia QFQF1R1RF1R60
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 1R10
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1RW1RQFFW1R1RQFWWQFWF1R1RQFSF185
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1RSFQFQFQF1R1RSFQF1R1RQF1R130
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland QF1RQF1RSFQF1R1R1R1R1R1R1RW1R1R1R1R181
Flag of the United States.svg  United States QFSF1RSF1RF1RSFWSFQF1RQFSFQF1R1RQFQFSF201
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 1R1R20

Individual

1Players must now be aged 14 and over

Current ITF Davis Cup ranking

For more information, see ITF Rankings

ITF Davis Cup Nations Ranking,
as of 4 February 2019 [25]
#NationPointsMove
1Flag of France.svg  France 3,263.75Steady2.svg
2Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 3,025.75Steady2.svg
3Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1,568.50Steady2.svg
4Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 1,521.63Steady2.svg
5Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 1,191.63Steady2.svg
6Flag of the United States.svg  United States 984.95Steady2.svg
7Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 914.94Steady2.svg
8Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 727.25Steady2.svg
9Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 677.26Steady2.svg
10Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 610.13Steady2.svg
11Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 440.38Steady2.svg
12Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 392.88Steady2.svg
13Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 341.25Steady2.svg
14Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 302.50Increase2.svg 2
15Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 294.00Decrease2.svg 1
16Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 293.00Decrease2.svg 1
17Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 283.75Steady2.svg
18Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 210.25Steady2.svg
19Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 202.50Increase2.svg 2
20Flag of India.svg  India 198.75Decrease2.svg 1

Change since previous ranking update

List of Davis Cup participants

After 2015 edition

Legend
current and former existing World Group teams (42)
non-existing World Group teams (3)
WGWorld Group teams for the upcoming (2016) season
Italicnon-existing teams (10)
most (best or worst) in category & best and worst %
in last column highlighted are best and worst +/- ratio and most wins
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Davis Cup team
(153 teams + 10 [N 1] dissolved)
F4 [N 2] Run of ___ by tie [N 3] 2W2LY PldW%T PldWLWORLD GROUP [N 4] WG PO
W-L
[N 5]
WinsLF4RoW
[N 4]
Y PldY LSW%T PldWL
TOTHA
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania 01110060.052112000000.000000-0
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 014701370.50102515100000.000000-0
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra 0600130.4255233200000.000000-0
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola 0320030.64149500000.000000-0
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda [N 6] 020060.293192200000.000000-0
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina WG1561300610.5714784631332314+0.605835235-7
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia [N 7] 0800200.4383364600000.000000-0
Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba 040060.4025101400000.000000-0
Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg  Australasia [N 8] 0520080.60106400000.000000-0
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia [N 9] WG2391121960.732511846715728150.677248248-6
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 131101810.461517081121760.232251713-8
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan [N 7] 0800110.4452232900000.000000-0
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas [N 10] 0610270.5180413900000.000000-1
Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain 0700260.46116536300000.000000-0
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 0700300.49121606100000.000000-0
Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados [N 10] 0800260.43108466200000.000000-0
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus [N 7] 161000220.5753302312440.437342-3
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium WG25601930.51183929123174+0.292471714-8
Flag of Benin.svg  Benin 0600160.4475334200000.000000-0
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda 0400180.3080245600000.000000-0
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia 0601350.45110506000000.000000-0
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina [N 11] 0600200.5485463900000.000000-0
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana 0300160.3674274700000.000000-0
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 261012670.561548668221370.32196138-15
Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg British Isles [N 12] 04400110.50126600000.000000-0
Flag of Brunei.svg  Brunei 012000130.086355800000.000000-0
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 0711480.54106574900000.000000-0
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso 03+30020.5695400000.000000-0
Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia 0530040.561810800000.000000-0
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 0400140.4050203000000.000000-0
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada WG14611860.4314863851274+0.3010376-6
Flag of CARICOM.svg Caribbean/West Indies [N 13] 012000340.063623400000.000000-0
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 241000680.54147796803930.2512396-9
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 0320400.4786404600000.000000-2
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei 0301420.4582374500000.000000-0
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 04510480.51101524900000.000000-5
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Congo 0119+0090.033913800000.000000-0
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 0500260.48100485200000.000000-0
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia [N 11] WG26700230.58502921251360.482311127-5
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 05700460.4290385200110.001010-2
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus 0700310.5188454300000.000000-0
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic [N 14] WG13112101820.622041267891034250.5368363212-1
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia [N 15] 7501590.6214992573212120.522513122-0
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 06702860.52182948801940.1010198-5
Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti 000044+00100.004404400000.000000-0
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic 0700270.5879463300000.000000-1
Flag of Eastern Caribean.png Eastern Caribbean [N 16] 0200140.2066135300000.000000-0
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 05701500.52107565101530.176154-9
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 0500710.48145707500000.000000-0
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 0700250.5889523700000.000000-0
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia [N 7] 0900240.5881473400000.000000-0
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 020080.243482600000.000000-0
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji [N 17] 0230030.191631000000.000000-0
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 0520710.40121487300000.000000-3
Flag of France.svg  France WG13111342960.65247160871273317+0.627949307-2
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon 0250030.231331000000.000000-0
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia [N 7] 0710220.6477492800000.000000-0
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany [N 18] WG8102214800.65218141778932200.5261322915-3
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 0900260.4889434600000.000000-0
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain [N 19] WG31014201040.612431499424+1440.382181310-11
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 0611660.45133607300000.000000-0
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala 01100260.6286533300000.000000-0
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti 01000240.5378413700000.000000-0
Flag of Hawaii.svg  Hawaii 00001+0010.0010100000.000000-0
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 0600180.5185434100000.000000-0
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 0600390.4885414400000.000000-0
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 0402810.49162808200210.002022-7
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland 0500200.3886335200000.000000-0
Flag of India.svg  India 3510790.6019111477231350.35207139-13
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 0340490.4396415500210.002022-4
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 0700410.51102525000000.000000-0
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 0400180.3470244600000.000000-0
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland [N 20] 0602850.41148618700110.001011-1
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 14400620.431094762121050.23133107-10
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy WG992822850.66244160844324200.4443192410-6
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 0400270.4979394000000.000000-0
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica [N 10] 0710280.4699465200000.000000-0
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan WG0400810.56185104810153+0.176154-9
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan 0600260.42106446200000.000000-0
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan [N 7] WG0602210.606539260155+0.449452-0
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 0500250.3781305100000.000000-0
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo [N 21] 000000000.0000000000.000000-0
Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait 0600270.5992543800000.000000-0
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan [N 7] 040090.2941122900000.000000-0
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia [N 7] 0710230.6161372400000.000000-0
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon 0900320.5191464500000.000000-0
Flag of Lesotho.svg  Lesotho 0150020.2292700000.000000-0
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya 000010+0030.001001000000.000000-0
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg  Liechtenstein 020080.3234112300000.000000-0
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania [N 7] 0600220.5784483600000.000000-0
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 0600670.39113446900000.000000-0
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia [N 11] 0900210.5675423300000.000000-0
Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar 0500190.4778374100000.000000-0
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 0600540.44118526600000.000000-0
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali 0240030.36114700000.000000-0
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta 0400270.3490315800000.000000-0
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius 040080.3636132300000.000000-0
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 0410840.481708288011050.17122107-4
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova [N 7] 0700210.5885493600000.000000-0
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco 0910750.46146677900000.000000-0
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia 0240020.30103700000.000000-0
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro [N 22] 040090.6332201100000.000000-0
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 0500450.5192474500320.003032-4
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique 01+20020.3393600000.000000-0
Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar 0300130.4149202900000.000000-0
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 0300130.4060243600000.000000-0
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1310880.4515770871218150.312681811-8
Flag of the Netherlands Antilles.svg  Netherlands Antilles [N 23] 0900140.6341261500000.000000-0
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand [N 24] 1311660.48131636812840.3813583-10
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 0600280.5086434300000.000000-0
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 0401800.38134518300000.000000-1
Flag of Oman.svg  Oman 0600220.38101386300000.000000-0
Pacific Oceania [N 25] 0500210.5279413800000.000000-0
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 0610490.51104535000000.000000-2
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 0500200.4591415000000.000000-0
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 0510350.5378413701770.3611473-2
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 0621420.4482364600110.001011-3
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 0823620.53140746600000.000000-1
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland WG05902770.51152777500000.000001-1
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 051310600.41103426100000.000000-1
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico 01001240.6292573500000.000000-0
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar 0500240.42108456300000.000000-0
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 2612720.511467571011470.181731410-8
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia [N 26] 1071731510.6413284488725200.5551282312-7
Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda 0400110.2745123400000.000000-0
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia [N 27] 030090.4648222600000.000000-0
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino 0400230.36100366300000.000000-0
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 0500230.50102515100000.000000-0
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 0600210.4865313400000.000000-0
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia [N 28] WG37700210.705639173688+0.61181174-1
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg SCG & FR Yugoslavia [N 29] 000120.7033231000000.000000-1
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 0800320.49117585900000.000000-0
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 1601220.6252322013750.4212574-7
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia [N 11] 0400230.5855322300000.000000-0
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 11121580.59140835701440.437341-6
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 0503540.45105475800310.003032-11
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union & Flag of the CIS.svg  CIS [N 30] 2510280.6472462600520.005056-5
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 10925+02800.62199124759930180.6062372514-3
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 0700560.47127606700000.000000-0
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan 0114+0080.083933600000.000000-0
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 181160820.6622714978161131190.698156257-2
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland WG3501860.4816277853424130.3636132317-9
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 0800300.46114526200000.000000-0
Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan [N 7] 0500130.5358312700000.000000-0
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 0300430.5395504500000.000000-4
Flag of Togo.svg  Togo 0400130.4050203000000.000000-0
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago [N 10] 0500240.3299326600000.000000-0
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 0600300.47102485400000.000000-0
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 0600560.46132617000000.000000-0
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan [N 7] 0500120.3253173600000.000000-0
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda 0300100.2246103600000.000000-0
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine [N 7] 06500230.6156342200000.000000-3
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 0700230.46114526200000.000000-0
Flag of the United States.svg  United States WG231718131010.76284215691983427+0.688860289-1
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 0401480.4793444900000.000000-3
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  U.S. Virgin Islands 0300150.2868194800000.000000-0
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan [N 7] 0600220.6255342100000.000000-8
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela 0601520.46105485700000.000000-2
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 0600220.6276472900000.000000-0
Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen 00007+0020.0070700000.000000-0
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia, SFR [N 31] 3511690.56152856732990.4416795-0
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia 0500140.3951203100000.000000-0
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe [N 32] 0510390.5297504701330.254131-4

ATP points distribution (from 2009 to 2015)

Davis Cup
Rubber categoryMatch winMatch lossTeam bonusPerformance bonusTotal achievable
SinglesPlay-offs5 / 10115
First round4010280
Quarterfinals65130
Semifinals70140
Final757531254150 / 2253 / 2754
Cumulative total500500 to 535362546254
DoublesPlay-offs1010
First round5010250
Quarterfinals8080
Semifinals9090
Final9535595 / 1305
Cumulative total31535053505

The Davis Cup World Group and World Group Play-Off matches awarded ATP Ranking points from 2009 to 2015. [26]

Glossary

Only live matches earn points; dead rubbers earn no points. If a player does not compete in the singles of one or more rounds he will receive points from the previous round when playing singles at the next tie. This last rule also applies for playing in doubles matches. [26]

1 A player who wins a singles rubber in the first day of the tie is awarded 5 points, whereas a singles rubber win in tie's last day grants 10 points for a total of 15 available points. [26]

2 For the first round only, any player who competes in a live rubber, without a win, receives 10 ranking points for participation. [26]

3 Team bonus awarded to a singles player who wins 7 live matches in a calendar year and his team wins the competition. [26]

4 Performance bonus awarded to a singles player who wins 8 live matches in a calendar year. In this case, no Team bonus is awarded. [26]

5 Team bonus awarded to an unchanged doubles team who wins 4 matches in a calendar year and his team wins the competition. [26]

See also

Notes

  1. Australasia, British Isles, Caribbean/West Indies, Czechoslovakia, Fiji, Hawaii, Netherlands Antilles, Serbia and Montenegro(SCG)/FR Yugoslavia, Soviet Union/CIS, Yugoslavia SFR.
  2. Since 1972, when Challenge Round was abolished. 1st round of Inter-Zonal Zone is considered semi-final round.
  3. Walkover (W.O.) is not counted as win/loss.
  4. 1 2 World Group Play-off ties don't count as World Group ties.
  5. Between 1981 and 1988 winners of zonal finals were directly promoted in World Group while losers in first round of World Group played relegation play-off. That zonal final ties which decided which team is promoted and relegation play-off ties are counted in this statistic.
    W.O. is not counted.
    Cuba, Israel and Morocco, each once, were promoted in World Group due to w.o.
    This ties don't count as World Group ties.
  6. Competed as part of Caribbean/West Indies Davis Cup team until 1987 and Eastern Caribbean Davis Cup team from 1991-96.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Competed as part of Soviet Union (USSR) Davis Cup team until 1991 and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Davis Cup team in 1992.
  8. Nations represented: Australia, New Zealand. Australia and New Zealand have always been two separate countries but did compete together under the alias Australasia from 1905-1914. Despite players from New Zealand being eligible to represent Australasia, Tony Wilding would be the only New Zealander to play for the team while it existed. Australian Davis Cup team was born in 1919 and it assumed all the Australasian Davis Cup team records.
  9. Assumed all the Australasia Davis Cup team records.
  10. 1 2 3 4 Competed as part of Caribbean/West Indies Davis Cup team until 1987.
  11. 1 2 3 4 Competed as part of Yugoslavia Davis Cup team until 1990.
  12. Great Britain and Ireland competed as British Isles from 1900-12 before participating separately from 1913.
  13. Nations represented: Bahamas, Barbados, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Eastern Caribbean Davis Cup team. Caribbean/West Indies last competed in Davis Cup in 1987. Since then, the constituent nations have competed in their own right.
  14. Assumed all the Czechoslovakia Davis Cup team records.
  15. Czechoslovakia Davis Cup team competed from 1921–1992. Since then, the constituent nations have competed in their own right. All records were assumed by the Czech Republic Davis Cup team.
  16. Competed as part of Caribbean/West Indies Davis Cup team until 1987. Nations represented: full members of The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and associate members whose population does not exceed 200,000: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda (until 1996), British Virgin Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia (until 1997), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  17. Now represented by Pacific Oceania Davis Cup team.
  18. Assumed all the West Germany Davis Cup team records as East Germany never participated in the Davis Cup.
  19. Assumed all the British Isles Davis Cup team records.
  20. Competed as part of British Isles from 1900-12 before participating separately from 1913.
  21. Competed as part of Yugoslavia Davis Cup team until 1992, FR Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro Davis Cup team from 1993-2006 and Serbia Davis Cup team in 2007.
  22. Competed as part of Yugoslavia Davis Cup team until 1992 and FR Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro Davis Cup team from 1993-2006.
  23. Dissolved in 2011.
  24. Competed as part of Australasian Davis Cup team until 1914.
  25. Nations represented: American Samoa, Cook Islands, Fiji, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Norfolk Island, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tahiti, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu.
  26. Assumed all the Soviet Union (USSR) Davis Cup team & CIS Davis Cup team records.
  27. Competed as part of Caribbean/West Indies Davis Cup team until 1987 and Eastern Caribbean Davis Cup team from 1991-97.
  28. Competed as part of Yugoslavia Davis Cup team until 1992 and FR Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro Davis Cup team from 1993-2006. Assumed all the FR Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro Davis Cup team records.
  29. Competed as part of Yugoslavia Davis Cup team until 1992. Competed as FR Yugoslavia Davis Cup team from 1995-2003 and Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) Davis Cup team from 2004-2006. All records were assumed by the Serbia Davis Cup team.
  30. Nations represented: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. Soviet Union (USSR) Davis Cup team competed from 1962-1991. The team competed as the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in 1992. Since then, the constituent nations have competed in their own right. All records were assumed by the Russia Davis Cup team.
  31. Nations represented: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia. Yugoslavia last competed in Davis Cup in 1990. Since then, the constituent nations have competed in their own right.
  32. Includes all of Rhodesia Davis Cup team records. Rhodesia made 6 Davis Cup appearances between 1963 and 1976.

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