|Alpine Ski World Cup|
Austrian alpine skier Marcel Hirscher
|Location(s)|| Europe |
South Korea (rarely)
New Zealand (rarely)
|Inaugurated||5 January 1967(men)|
7 January 1967 (ladies)
|Previous event||2017–18 season|
|Organised by||International Ski Federation|
The FIS Alpine Ski World Cup is the top international circuit of alpine skiing competitions, launched in 1966 by a group of ski racing friends and experts which included French journalist Serge Lang and the alpine ski team directors from France (Honore Bonnet) and the USA (Bob Beattie).It was soon backed by International Ski Federation president Marc Hodler during the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1966 at Portillo, Chile, and became an official FIS event in the spring of 1967 after the FIS Congress at Beirut, Lebanon. The first World Cup ski race was held in Berchtesgaden, West Germany, on January 5, 1967. Jean-Claude Killy of France and Nancy Greene of Canada were the overall winners for the first two seasons.
Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing, which use skis with free-heel bindings. Whether for recreation or for sport, it is typically practised at ski resorts, which provide such services as ski lifts, artificial snow making, snow grooming, restaurants, and ski patrol.
Serge Lang was a French journalist, alpine skier, and the founder of the alpine skiing World Cup. As a journalist he covered alpine skiing, cycling, and other sports for five major publications. In the mid-1960s, he envisioned a season-long series of ski races, which became the World Cup skiing circuit. He continued to guide the growth of the World Cup and the sport of ski racing over the next two decades.
The U.S. Ski Team, operated under the auspices of the United States Ski and Snowboard Association (USSA), develops and supports men's and women's athletes in the sports of alpine skiing, freestyle skiing, cross-country, ski jumping, and Nordic combined. Since 1974 the team and association have been headquartered in Park City, Utah.
Competitors attempt to achieve the best time in four disciplines: slalom, giant slalom, super G, and downhill. The fifth event, the combined, employs the downhill and slalom. The World Cup originally included only slalom, giant slalom, and downhill races. Combined events (calculated using results from selected downhill and slalom races) were included starting with the 1974–75 season, while the Super G was added for the 1982–83 season. The current scoring system was implemented in the 1991–92 season. For every race points are awarded to the top 30 finishers: 100 points to the winner, 80 for second, 60 for third, winding down to 1 point for 30th place. The racer with the most points at the end of the season in mid-March wins the Cup, with the trophy consisting of a 9 kilogram crystal globe. Sub-prizes are also awarded in each individual race discipline, with a smaller 3.5 kg crystal globe. (See the section on scoring system below for more information.)
Slalom is an alpine skiing and alpine snowboarding discipline, involving skiing between poles or gates. These are spaced more closely than those in giant slalom, super giant slalom and downhill, necessitating quicker and shorter turns. Internationally, the sport is contested at the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships, and at the Olympic Winter Games.
Downhill is a form of alpine skiing competition. Whereas the other alpine skiing events emphasize turning and technique, downhill emphasizes "the six components of technique, courage, speed, risk, physical condition and judgement", according to the FIS "International Ski Competition Rules (ICR)". Speeds of up to 130 km/h (81 mph) are common in international competition. Athletes must have an aerodynamically efficient tuck position to minimize drag and increase speed.
Combined is an event in alpine ski racing. A traditional combined competition consists of one run of downhill and two runs of slalom, each discipline run on separate days. The winner is the skier with the fastest aggregate time. A modified version, the super combined, is a speed race and only one run of slalom, with both portions scheduled on the same day.
The World Cup is held annually, and is considered the premier competition for alpine ski racing after the quadrennial Winter Olympics. Many consider the World Cup to be a more valuable title than the Olympics or the biennial World Championships, since it requires a competitor to ski at an extremely high level in several disciplines throughout the season, and not just in one race.
Alpine skiing has been contested at every Winter Olympics since 1936, when a combined event was held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.
The FIS Alpine World Ski Championships are an alpine skiing competition organized by the International Ski Federation (FIS).
Races are hosted primarily at ski resorts in the Alps in Europe, with regular stops in Scandinavia, North America, and east Asia, but a few races have also been held in the Southern Hemisphere. World Cup competitions have been hosted in 25 different countries around the world: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States.(Note that all World Cup races hosted in Bosnia were held when it was still part of Yugoslavia.)
A ski resort is a resort developed for skiing, snowboarding, and other winter sports. In Europe, most ski resorts are towns or villages in or adjacent to a ski area – a mountainous area with pistes and a ski lift system. In North America, it is more common for ski areas to exist well away from towns, so ski resorts usually are destination resorts, often purpose-built and self-contained, where skiing is the main activity.
The Alps are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, and stretching approximately 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) across eight Alpine countries : France, Switzerland, Monaco, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia. The mountains were formed over tens of millions of years as the African and Eurasian tectonic plates collided. Extreme shortening caused by the event resulted in marine sedimentary rocks rising by thrusting and folding into high mountain peaks such as Mont Blanc and the Matterhorn. Mont Blanc spans the French–Italian border, and at 4,810 m (15,781 ft) is the highest mountain in the Alps. The Alpine region area contains about a hundred peaks higher than 4,000 metres (13,000 ft).
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties. The term Scandinavia in local usage covers the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. The majority national languages of these three, belong to the Scandinavian dialect continuum, and are mutually intelligible North Germanic languages. In English usage, Scandinavia also sometimes refers to the Scandinavian Peninsula, or to the broader region including Finland and Iceland, which is always known locally as the Nordic countries.
Lower competitive circuits include the NorAm Cup in North America and the Europa Cup in Europe.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere. It is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea.
Alpine Skiing Europa Cup is an international Alpine skiing circuit organized annually by the International Ski Federation (FIS) from the season 1971-1972.
Multiple individual overall World Cup winners are marked with (#).
|1967||Jean-Claude Killy||Nancy Greene|
|1968||Jean-Claude Killy (2)||Nancy Greene (2)|
|1968–69||Karl Schranz||Gertrud Gabl|
|1969–70||Karl Schranz (2)||Michèle Jacot|
|1970–71||Gustav Thöni||Annemarie Pröll|
|1971–72||Gustav Thöni (2)||Annemarie Pröll (2)|
|1972–73||Gustav Thöni (3)||Annemarie Pröll (3)|
|1973–74||Piero Gros||Annemarie Pröll (4)|
|1974–75||Gustav Thöni (4)||Annemarie Moser-Pröll (5)|
|1975–76||Ingemar Stenmark||Rosi Mittermaier|
|1976–77||Ingemar Stenmark (2)||Lise-Marie Morerod|| |
|1977–78||Ingemar Stenmark (3)||Hanni Wenzel|
|1978–79||Peter Lüscher|| ||Annemarie Moser-Pröll (6)|
|1979–80||Andreas Wenzel||Hanni Wenzel (2)|
|1980–81||Phil Mahre||Marie-Theres Nadig|| |
|1981–82||Phil Mahre (2)||Erika Hess|| |
|1982–83||Phil Mahre (3)||Tamara McKinney|
|1983–84||Pirmin Zurbriggen|| ||Erika Hess (2)|| |
|1984–85||Marc Girardelli||Michela Figini|| |
|1985–86||Marc Girardelli (2)||Maria Walliser|| |
|1986–87||Pirmin Zurbriggen (2)|| ||Maria Walliser (2)|| |
|1987–88||Pirmin Zurbriggen (3)|| ||Michela Figini (2)|| |
|1988–89||Marc Girardelli (3)||Vreni Schneider|| |
|1989–90||Pirmin Zurbriggen (4)|| ||Petra Kronberger|
|1990–91||Marc Girardelli (4)||Petra Kronberger (2)|
|1991–92||Paul Accola|| ||Petra Kronberger (3)|
|1992–93||Marc Girardelli (5)||Anita Wachter|
|1993–94||Kjetil André Aamodt||Vreni Schneider (2)|| |
|1994–95||Alberto Tomba||Vreni Schneider (3)|| |
|1995–96||Lasse Kjus||Katja Seizinger|
|1996–97||Luc Alphand||Pernilla Wiberg|
|1997–98||Hermann Maier||Katja Seizinger (2)|
|1998–99||Lasse Kjus (2)||Alexandra Meissnitzer|
|1999–00||Hermann Maier (2)||Renate Götschl|
|2000–01||Hermann Maier (3)||Janica Kostelić|
|2001–02||Stephan Eberharter||Michaela Dorfmeister|
|2002–03||Stephan Eberharter (2)||Janica Kostelić (2)|
|2003–04||Hermann Maier (4)||Anja Pärson|
|2004–05||Bode Miller||Anja Pärson (2)|
|2005–06||Benjamin Raich||Janica Kostelić (3)|
|2006–07||Aksel Lund Svindal||Nicole Hosp|
|2007–08||Bode Miller (2)||Lindsey Vonn|
|2008–09||Aksel Lund Svindal (2)||Lindsey Vonn (2)|
|2009–10||Carlo Janka|| ||Lindsey Vonn (3)|
|2010–11||Ivica Kostelić||Maria Riesch|
|2011–12||Marcel Hirscher||Lindsey Vonn (4)|
|2012–13||Marcel Hirscher (2)||Tina Maze|
|2013–14||Marcel Hirscher (3)||Anna Fenninger|
|2014–15||Marcel Hirscher (4)||Anna Fenninger (2)|
|2015–16||Marcel Hirscher (5)||Lara Gut|| |
|2016–17||Marcel Hirscher (6)||Mikaela Shiffrin|
|2017–18||Marcel Hirscher (7)||Mikaela Shiffrin (2)|
|2018–19||Marcel Hirscher (8)||Mikaela Shiffrin (3)|
The following skiers have at least three overall alpine World Cup titles.
The following skiers have at least three overall alpine World Cup titles.
Combined crystal globe was officially awarded from 2007–2012. However, there are counted all season titles, both official and unofficial. The records for most World Cup titles in each discipline are as follows:
In the following table men's slalom World Cup podiums in the World Cup since first season in 1967.
In the following table men's downhill World Cup podiums from the World Cup first edition in 1967.
In the following table men's giant slalom World Cup podiums from the World Cup first edition in 1967.
In the following table men's combined World Cup podiums in the World Cup since first edition in 1976.
In the following table men's Super-G World Cup podiums since first edition in 1986.