FIS Alpine Ski World Cup

Last updated
Alpine Ski World Cup
20170213 HIRSCHER MARCEL C6864.jpg
Austrian alpine skier Marcel Hirscher
Genre Alpine skiing
Location(s) Europe
Canada
United States
Japan (rarely)
Russia (rarely)
Australia (rarely)
Argentina (rarely)
South Korea (rarely)
New Zealand (rarely)
Inaugurated5 January 1967 (5 January 1967)(men)
7 January 1967 (7 January 1967)(ladies)
Founder Flag of France.svg Serge Lang
Flag of France.svg Honore Bonnet
Flag of the United States.svg Bob Beattie
Previous event 2017–18 season
Organised by International Ski Federation
People Flag of Italy.svg Markus Waldner (men)
Flag of Norway.svg Atle Skårdal (ladies)
Sponsor Audi Quattro

The FIS Alpine Ski World Cup is the top international circuit of alpine skiing competitions, launched in 1966 by a group of ski racing friends and experts which included French journalist Serge Lang and the alpine ski team directors from France (Honore Bonnet) and the USA (Bob Beattie). [1] It was soon backed by International Ski Federation president Marc Hodler during the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1966 at Portillo, Chile, and became an official FIS event in the spring of 1967 after the FIS Congress at Beirut, Lebanon. The first World Cup ski race was held in Berchtesgaden, West Germany, on January 5, 1967. Jean-Claude Killy of France and Nancy Greene of Canada were the overall winners for the first two seasons.

Alpine skiing skiing variation

Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing, which use skis with free-heel bindings. Whether for recreation or sport, it is typically practised at ski resorts, which provide such services as ski lifts, artificial snow making, snow grooming, restaurants, and ski patrol.

Serge Lang (skiing) French alpine skier

Serge Lang was a French journalist, alpine skier, and the founder of the alpine skiing World Cup. As a journalist he covered alpine skiing, cycling, and other sports for five major publications. In the mid-1960s, he envisioned a season-long series of ski races, which became the World Cup skiing circuit. He continued to guide the growth of the World Cup and the sport of ski racing over the next two decades.

United States Ski Team

The U.S. Ski Team, operated under the auspices of the United States Ski and Snowboard Association (USSA), develops and supports men's and women's athletes in the sports of alpine skiing, freestyle skiing, cross-country, ski jumping, and Nordic combined. Since 1974 the team and association have been headquartered in Park City, Utah.

Contents

Rules

Competitors attempt to achieve the best time in four disciplines: slalom, giant slalom, super G, and downhill. The fifth event, the combined, employs the downhill and slalom. The World Cup originally included only slalom, giant slalom, and downhill races. Combined events (calculated using results from selected downhill and slalom races) were included starting with the 1974–75 season, while the Super G was added for the 1982–83 season. The current scoring system was implemented in the 1991–92 season. For every race points are awarded to the top 30 finishers: 100 points to the winner, 80 for second, 60 for third, winding down to 1 point for 30th place. The racer with the most points at the end of the season in mid-March wins the Cup, with the trophy consisting of a 9 kilogram crystal globe. [2] Sub-prizes are also awarded in each individual race discipline, with a smaller 3.5 kg crystal globe. (See the section on scoring system below for more information.)

Slalom skiing alpine skiing discipline

Slalom is an alpine skiing and alpine snowboarding discipline, involving skiing between poles or gates. These are spaced more closely than those in giant slalom, super giant slalom and downhill, necessitating quicker and shorter turns. Internationally, the sport is contested at the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships, and at the Olympic Winter Games.

Downhill (ski competition) alpine skiing discipline

Downhill is a form of alpine skiing competition. Whereas the other alpine skiing events emphasize turning and technique, downhill emphasizes "the six components of technique, courage, speed, risk, physical condition and judgement", according to the FIS "International Ski Competition Rules (ICR)". Speeds of up to 130 km/h (81 mph) are common in international competition. Athletes must have an aerodynamically efficient tuck position to minimize drag and increase speed.

Combined is an event in alpine ski racing. A traditional combined competition consists of one run of downhill and two runs of slalom, each discipline run on separate days. The winner is the skier with the fastest aggregate time. A modified version, the super combined, is a speed race and only one run of slalom, with both portions scheduled on the same day.

The World Cup is held annually, and is considered the premier competition for alpine ski racing after the quadrennial Winter Olympics. Many consider the World Cup to be a more valuable title than the Olympics or the biennial World Championships, since it requires a competitor to ski at an extremely high level in several disciplines throughout the season, and not just in one race. [3]

Alpine skiing at the Winter Olympics

Alpine skiing has been contested at every Winter Olympics since 1936, when a combined event was held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.

FIS Alpine World Ski Championships international alpine skiing event

The FIS Alpine World Ski Championships are an alpine skiing competition organized by the International Ski Federation (FIS).

Races are hosted primarily at ski resorts in the Alps in Europe, with regular stops in Scandinavia, North America, and east Asia, but a few races have also been held in the Southern Hemisphere. World Cup competitions have been hosted in 25 different countries around the world: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. [4] (Note that all World Cup races hosted in Bosnia were held when it was still part of Yugoslavia.)

Ski resort Resort developed for skiing, snowboarding, and other winter sports


A ski resort is a resort developed for skiing, snowboarding, and other winter sports. In Europe, most ski resorts are towns or villages in or adjacent to a ski area – a mountainous area with pistes and a ski lift system. In North America, it is more common for ski areas to exist well away from towns, so ski resorts usually are destination resorts, often purpose-built and self-contained, where skiing is the main activity.

Alps major mountain range system in Central Europe

The Alps are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, separating Southern from Central and Western Europe and stretching approximately 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) across eight Alpine countries : France, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia. The mountains were formed over tens of millions of years as the African and Eurasian tectonic plates collided. Extreme shortening caused by the event resulted in marine sedimentary rocks rising by thrusting and folding into high mountain peaks such as Mont Blanc and the Matterhorn. Mont Blanc spans the French–Italian border, and at 4,810 m (15,781 ft) is the highest mountain in the Alps. The Alpine region area contains about a hundred peaks higher than 4,000 metres (13,000 ft).

Scandinavia Region in Northern Europe

Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties. The term Scandinavia in local usage covers the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. The majority national languages of these three, belong to the Scandinavian dialect continuum, and are mutually intelligible North Germanic languages. In English usage, Scandinavia also refers to the Scandinavian Peninsula, or to the broader region including Finland and Iceland, which is always known locally as the Nordic countries.

Lower competitive circuits include the NorAm Cup in North America and the Europa Cup in Europe.

North America Continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea.

Alpine Skiing Europa Cup is an international Alpine skiing circuit organized annually by the International Ski Federation (FIS) from the season 1971-1972.

Overall winners

Multiple individual overall World Cup winners are marked with (#).

Individual

SeasonMenLadies
NameCountryNameCountry
1967 Jean-Claude Killy Flag of France.svg France Nancy Greene Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada
1968 Jean-Claude Killy (2)Flag of France.svg France Nancy Greene (2)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada
1968–69 Karl Schranz Flag of Austria.svg Austria Gertrud Gabl Flag of Austria.svg Austria
1969–70 Karl Schranz (2)Flag of Austria.svg Austria Michèle Jacot Flag of France.svg France
1970–71 Gustav Thöni Flag of Italy.svg Italy Annemarie Pröll Flag of Austria.svg Austria
1971–72 Gustav Thöni (2)Flag of Italy.svg Italy Annemarie Pröll (2)Flag of Austria.svg Austria
1972–73 Gustav Thöni (3)Flag of Italy.svg Italy Annemarie Pröll (3)Flag of Austria.svg Austria
1973–74 Piero Gros Flag of Italy.svg Italy Annemarie Pröll (4)Flag of Austria.svg Austria
1974–75 Gustav Thöni (4)Flag of Italy.svg Italy Annemarie Moser-Pröll (5)Flag of Austria.svg Austria
1975–76 Ingemar Stenmark Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Rosi Mittermaier Flag of Germany.svg West Germany
1976–77 Ingemar Stenmark (2)Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Lise-Marie Morerod  Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 
1977–78 Ingemar Stenmark (3)Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Hanni Wenzel Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein
1978–79 Peter Lüscher  Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  Annemarie Moser-Pröll (6)Flag of Austria.svg Austria
1979–80 Andreas Wenzel Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein Hanni Wenzel (2)Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein
1980–81 Phil Mahre Flag of the United States.svg United States Marie-Theres Nadig  Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 
1981–82 Phil Mahre (2)Flag of the United States.svg United States Erika Hess  Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 
1982–83 Phil Mahre (3)Flag of the United States.svg United States Tamara McKinney Flag of the United States.svg United States
1983–84 Pirmin Zurbriggen  Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  Erika Hess (2) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 
1984–85 Marc Girardelli Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg Michela Figini  Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 
1985–86 Marc Girardelli (2)Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg Maria Walliser  Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 
1986–87 Pirmin Zurbriggen (2) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  Maria Walliser (2) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 
1987–88 Pirmin Zurbriggen (3) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  Michela Figini (2) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 
1988–89 Marc Girardelli (3)Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg Vreni Schneider  Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 
1989–90 Pirmin Zurbriggen (4) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  Petra Kronberger Flag of Austria.svg Austria
1990–91 Marc Girardelli (4)Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg Petra Kronberger (2)Flag of Austria.svg Austria
1991–92 Paul Accola  Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  Petra Kronberger (3)Flag of Austria.svg Austria
1992–93 Marc Girardelli (5)Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg Anita Wachter Flag of Austria.svg Austria
1993–94 Kjetil André Aamodt Flag of Norway.svg Norway Vreni Schneider (2) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 
1994–95 Alberto Tomba Flag of Italy.svg Italy Vreni Schneider (3) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 
1995–96 Lasse Kjus Flag of Norway.svg Norway Katja Seizinger Flag of Germany.svg Germany
1996–97 Luc Alphand Flag of France.svg France Pernilla Wiberg Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
1997–98 Hermann Maier Flag of Austria.svg Austria Katja Seizinger (2)Flag of Germany.svg Germany
1998–99 Lasse Kjus (2)Flag of Norway.svg Norway Alexandra Meissnitzer Flag of Austria.svg Austria
1999–00 Hermann Maier (2)Flag of Austria.svg Austria Renate Götschl Flag of Austria.svg Austria
2000–01 Hermann Maier (3)Flag of Austria.svg Austria Janica Kostelić Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia
2001–02 Stephan Eberharter Flag of Austria.svg Austria Michaela Dorfmeister Flag of Austria.svg Austria
2002–03 Stephan Eberharter (2)Flag of Austria.svg Austria Janica Kostelić (2)Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia
2003–04 Hermann Maier (4)Flag of Austria.svg Austria Anja Pärson Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
2004–05 Bode Miller Flag of the United States.svg United States Anja Pärson (2)Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
2005–06 Benjamin Raich Flag of Austria.svg Austria Janica Kostelić (3)Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia
2006–07 Aksel Lund Svindal Flag of Norway.svg Norway Nicole Hosp Flag of Austria.svg Austria
2007–08 Bode Miller (2)Flag of the United States.svg United States Lindsey Vonn Flag of the United States.svg United States
2008–09 Aksel Lund Svindal (2)Flag of Norway.svg Norway Lindsey Vonn (2)Flag of the United States.svg United States
2009–10 Carlo Janka  Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  Lindsey Vonn (3)Flag of the United States.svg United States
2010–11 Ivica Kostelić Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia Maria Riesch Flag of Germany.svg Germany
2011–12 Marcel Hirscher Flag of Austria.svg Austria Lindsey Vonn (4)Flag of the United States.svg United States
2012–13 Marcel Hirscher (2)Flag of Austria.svg Austria Tina Maze Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
2013–14 Marcel Hirscher (3)Flag of Austria.svg Austria Anna Fenninger Flag of Austria.svg Austria
2014–15 Marcel Hirscher (4)Flag of Austria.svg Austria Anna Fenninger (2)Flag of Austria.svg Austria
2015–16 Marcel Hirscher (5)Flag of Austria.svg Austria Lara Gut  Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 
2016–17 Marcel Hirscher (6)Flag of Austria.svg Austria Mikaela Shiffrin Flag of the United States.svg United States
2017–18 Marcel Hirscher (7)Flag of Austria.svg Austria Mikaela Shiffrin (2)Flag of the United States.svg United States
2018–19 Marcel Hirscher (8)Flag of Austria.svg Austria Mikaela Shiffrin (3)Flag of the United States.svg United States

Individual titles by country

NationTotalMenLadies
Flag of Austria.svg Austria341717
 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 19712
Flag of the United States.svg United States1358
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden633
Flag of Italy.svg Italy66
Flag of Norway.svg Norway55
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg55
Flag of France.svg France431
Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia413
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein312
Flag of Germany.svg Germany33
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada22
Flag of Germany.svg West Germany11
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia11

Men overall titles

The following skiers have at least three overall alpine World Cup titles.

NameCareerOverallDisciplines
DH SG GS SL KB
Flag of Austria.svg Marcel Hirscher 2007–active866
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli 1980–199652134
Flag of Italy.svg Gustav Thöni 1969–19804N/A32
  Flag of Switzerland.svg   Pirmin Zurbriggen 1981–199042433
Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier 1996–20094253
Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mahre 1975–19843214
Flag of Sweden.svg Ingemar Stenmark 1973–19893N/A88

Ladies overall titles

The following skiers have at least three overall alpine World Cup titles.

NameCareerOverallDisciplines
DH SG GS SL KB
Flag of Austria.svg Annemarie Moser-Pröll 1969–198067N/A32
Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Vonn 2001–20194853
Flag of the United States.svg Mikaela Shiffrin 2011–active3116
Flag of Austria.svg Petra Kronberger 1987–199231
  Flag of Switzerland.svg   Vreni Schneider 1984–1995356
Flag of Croatia.svg Janica Kostelić 1998–2006334

Discipline titles

Top 10 Small Crystal Globe podiums

  Still active
#SkierPeriod1st2nd3rd
1 Flag of Sweden.svg Ingemar Stenmark 1975–19871671
2 Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen 1983–19901233
3 Flag of Austria.svg Marcel Hirscher 2012–20191231
4 Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli 1982–19961056
5 Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier 1998–20061053
6 Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal 2006–2019933
7 Flag of Italy.svg Alberto Tomba 1988–1996850
8 Flag of Austria.svg Benjamin Raich 2001–2010845
9 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt 1993–2003842
10 Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mahre 1978–1983723

Most small globes per discipline

Combined crystal globe was officially awarded from 2007–2012. However, there are counted all season titles, both official and unofficial. The records for most World Cup titles in each discipline are as follows:

Men

  Won all discipline races in a season
Super-G

In the following table men's Super-G World Cup podiums since first edition in 1986.

Season1st2nd3rd
1986 Flag of Germany.svg Markus Wasmeier Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli
1987 Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli Flag of Germany.svg Markus Wasmeier
1988 Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Germany.svg Markus Wasmeier Flag of France.svg Franck Piccard
1989 Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Sweden.svg Lars-Börje Eriksson Flag of France.svg Franck Piccard
1990 Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader Flag of Sweden.svg Lars-Börje Eriksson
1991 Flag of Switzerland.svg Franz Heinzer Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter Flag of Norway.svg Atle Skaardal
1992 Flag of Switzerland.svg Paul Accola Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader
1993 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil-Andre Aamodt Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader Flag of Switzerland.svg Franz Heinzer
1994 Flag of Norway.svg Jan Einar Thorsen Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli Flag of the United States.svg Tommy Moe
1995 Flag of Italy.svg Peter Runggaldier Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader Flag of Italy.svg Werner Perathoner
1996 Flag of Norway.svg Atle Skaardal Flag of Austria.svg Hans Knauß Flag of Norway.svg Lasse Kjus
1997 Flag of France.svg Luc Alphand Flag of Austria.svg Josef Strobl Flag of Austria.svg Andreas Schifferer
1998 Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of Austria.svg Hans Knauß Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter
1999 Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter Flag of Austria.svg Andreas Schifferer
2000 Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of Austria.svg Werner Franz Flag of Austria.svg Fritz Strobl
2001 Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of Austria.svg Christoph Gruber Flag of Austria.svg Josef Strobl
2002 Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche Flag of Austria.svg Fritz Strobl
2003 Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Marco Büchel Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche
2004 Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of the United States.svg Daron Rahlves Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter
2005 Flag of the United States.svg Bode Miller Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of the United States.svg Daron Rahlves
2006 Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of the United States.svg Daron Rahlves
2007 Flag of the United States.svg Bode Miller Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg John Kucera
2008 Flag of Austria.svg Hannes Reichelt Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche Flag of Austria.svg Benjamin Raich
2009 Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal Flag of Italy.svg Werner Heel Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Defago
2010 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Erik Guay Flag of Austria.svg Michael Walchhofer Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal
2011 Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche Flag of Austria.svg Georg Streitberger Flag of Croatia.svg Ivica Kostelić
2012 Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche Flag of Switzerland.svg Beat Feuz
2013 Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal Flag of Italy.svg Matteo Marsaglia Flag of Austria.svg Matthias Mayer
2014 Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud Flag of Switzerland.svg Patrick Küng
2015 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud Flag of Italy.svg Dominik Paris Flag of Austria.svg Matthias Mayer
2016 Flag of Norway.svg Aleksander Aamodt Kilde Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal
2017 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud Flag of Austria.svg Hannes Reichelt Flag of Norway.svg Aleksander Aamodt Kilde
2018 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud Flag of Austria.svg Vincent Kriechmayr Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal

Most race wins in each discipline

Men

As of 22 February 2019

Ladies