FIG World Cup

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FIG World Cup refers to a number of events organized by the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG) across seven competitive gymnastics disciplines: 1) acrobatic gymnastics, 2) aerobic gymnastics, 3) men's artistic gymnastics, 4) women's artistic gymnastics, 5) women's rhythmic gymnastics, 6) trampoline and tumbling, and 7) parkour. [1] [2]

International Gymnastics Federation International gymnastics governing body

The Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique is the governing body of competitive gymnastics. Its headquarters is in Lausanne, Switzerland. It was founded on July 23, 1881, in Liège, Belgium, making it the world's oldest existing international sports organisation. Originally called the European Federation of Gymnastics, it had three member countries—Belgium, France and the Netherlands—until 1921, when non-European countries were admitted and it received its current name.

Acrobatic gymnastics competitive sport involving acrobatics and gymnastics

Acrobatic gymnastics is a competitive gymnastic discipline where partnerships of gymnasts work together and perform figures consisting of acrobatic moves, dance and tumbling, set to music. There are three types of routines; a 'balance' routine where the focus is on strength, poise and flexibility; a 'dynamic' routine which includes throws, somersaults and catches, and a 'combined' routine which includes elements from both balance and dynamic.

Aerobic gymnastics Type of gymnastics

Aerobic gymnastics or sport aerobics is a competitive sport originating from traditional aerobics in which complex, high-intensity movement patterns and elements of varying difficulty are performed to music.

Contents

History

The FIG hosted the first Artistic Gymnastics World Cup on an international scale in 1975. This event was an original competition reserved for the best gymnasts, bringing together competitors in all-around competition and in apparatus finals. This initiative was taken in a particular context, since the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships took place every four years. [3] In 1983, FIG decided to hold a Rhythmic Gymnastics World Cup for the first time, after six editions of the Artistic Gymnastics World Cup. At the time, the World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championships were also held every four years. The World Cup events were upheld only until 1990, since FIG decided to host the Artistic and Rhythmic Gymnastics World Championships every year starting in 1991. Acrobatic gymnastics, a discipline not recognized by the International Gymnastics Federation prior to 1999, had World Cup events held from 1975 to 1993, organized by the International Federation of Sports Acrobatics (IFSA). Similarly, trampoline and tumbling World Cup events were organized from 1993 to 1997 by the Fédération Internationale de Trampoline (FIT). FIG later recognized IFSA and FIT World Cup events as official FIG World Cup competitions. [3]

The Artistic Gymnastics World Cup is a competition series for artistic gymnastics sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG). It is one of the few tournaments in artistic gymnastics officially organized by FIG, as well as the World Championships and the gymnastics competitions at the Olympic Games and the Youth Olympics. Beginning in the 2017-2020 quadrennium, the All-Around and Individual Apparatus World Cup series will be used to qualify a maximum of seven spots to the Olympic Games.

The Artistic Gymnastics World Championships are the world championships for artistic gymnastics governed by the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG). The first edition of the championships was held in 1903, exclusively for male gymnasts. Since the tenth edition of the tournament, in 1934, women's events are held together with men's events. As of 2019, over sixty different editions of the championships have been staged, and over forty different countries have earned medals in both men's and women's artistic gymnastics events. The most successful nation, both in gold medal results and total number of medals, is the former Soviet Union. China is the second most successful country in total medals earned, and Japan is the third. Since the fall of the Soviet block, the traditional powerhouses in men's and women's individual and team events have been Russia, Ukraine, China, United States, Japan, and Romania with increasing results from Great Britain and Brazil and a recent decrease in results from the delegation from Romania. Currently, the championships are held annually in non-Olympic years, and all individual events are held at every championships. However, the team event is omitted in the year after an Olympic Games.

The Rhythmic Gymnastics World Cup is a competition for rhythmic gymnastics sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG). It is one of the few tournaments in rhythmic gymnastics officially organized by FIG, as well as the World Championships, the gymnastics competitions at the Olympic Games and the Youth Olympics and the rhythmic gymnastics events at the World Games. The World Cup series should not be confused with the Rhythmic Gymnastics Grand Prix series, which is neither officially organized nor promoted by FIG.

In 1997, the World Cup was revived as a series of qualifying events for a period of two years, culminating in a final event that was known as the World Cup Final. The different stages, known as World Cup qualifiers, mostly served the purpose of awarding points to gymnasts according to their placements. [4] [5] [6] [7] These points would be added up over the two-year period to qualify a limited number of gymnasts to the biennial World Cup Final event. [8] [9] [10] In 2001, FIG hosted the World Series for aerobic gymnastics for the first time, equivalent to the World Cup format. FIG introduced the first World Cup series in acrobatic gymnastics in 2003. [11] Both aerobic and acrobatic World Cup series were also competed in a two-year period, with a World Cup Final (or World Series Final) event closing the calendar. The World Cup Final format lasted for these disciplines until 2007. In 2008, the World Cup Final format was terminated for the other disciplines: artistic, rhythmic, trampoline and tumbling. [12]

Beginning in 2009, the World Cup series changed focus from a biennial series to a yearly series with no culminating final event. In each of the stages, medals are awarded to the top three gymnasts or groups in each event, as well as prize money. In 2018, parkour was recognized as a discipline by FIG, and World Cup stages were held for the first time in collaboration with the Festival International des Sports Extrêmes (FISE). The 2019 and 2020 World Cup series in artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics and trampoline will be part of the qualification process to the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, a first in the World Cup series.

This article describes the qualifying results for 10 nominative spots earned through the FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series for the 2020 Summer Olympics.

2020 Summer Olympics Games of the XXXII Olympiad in Tokyo

The 2020 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXII Olympiad and commonly known as Tokyo 2020, is an upcoming international multi-sport event that is scheduled to take place from 24 July to 9 August 2020 in Tokyo, Japan, with preliminary events in some sports beginning on 22 July.

World Cup series

Artistic gymnastics

Since 1997, the Artistic Gymnastics World Cup has been contested as a series of stages in different cities around the world. From 2003 to 2010, events at the Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series were divided into Category A and Category B; Category A events were reserved for invited athletes only, while Category B events were open to all athletes. [13] In 2011, the individual apparatus competitions were renamed World Challenge Cups while the all-around competitions retained the World Cup name. Currently, the World Cup series is divided into three groups: 1) All-Around World Cup series, 2) World Challenge Cup series, and 3) World Cup series, where gymnasts compete in individual apparatus. All of the World Challenge Cup competitions remain open to every gymnast, while All-Around World Cup competitions are by invitation only, according to the results of the previous World Championships or Olympic Games. [14]

Rhythmic gymnastics

Since 1999, the Rhythmic Gymnastics World Cup has been competed as a series of events held in different countries. [15] From 2003 to 2016, events at the Rhythmic Gymnastics World Cup series were divided into Category A and Category B; Category A events were reserved for invited athletes, while Category B events were open to all athletes. [13] Since 2017, the World Cup series is divided in: 1) the World Cup series; and 2) the World Challenge Cup series. All of the World Cup and World Challenge Cup events are open to all athletes, and all of the events feature both all-around and apparatus competitions. [16]

The Rhythmic Gymnastics World Cup should not be confused with the Rhythmic Gymnastics Grand Prix series, which is neither officially organized nor promoted by FIG.

Other disciplines

As of 2018, series of World Cup events are held yearly in acrobatic gymnastics, aerobic gymnastics, trampoline and tumbling, as well as parkour. All events are organized and sanctioned by FIG.

FIG World Cup Final

The World Cup Finals were held as the final event of the World Cup circuit for each of the disciplines in gymnastics until 2008. The International Gymnastics Federation officially recognizes only a number of events as World Cup Final events, as shown below. [17] [18] [19] [20] [21]

YearAcrobaticAerobicArtisticRhythmicTrampoline
EventHostEventHostEventHostEventHostEventHost
19751st IFSA World Cup Flag of Switzerland.svg SUI 1st World Cup Final Flag of the United Kingdom.svg GBR
19772nd IFSA World Cup Flag of Poland.svg POL 2nd World Cup Final Flag of Spain.svg ESP
1978 3rd World Cup Final Flag of Brazil.svg BRA
1979 4th World Cup Final Flag of Japan.svg JPN
1980 5th World Cup Final Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg CAN
19813rd IFSA World Cup Flag of Switzerland.svg SUI
1982 6th World Cup Final Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg YUG
19834th IFSA World Cup Flag of the United States.svg USA 1st World Cup Final Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg YUG
19855th IFSA World Cup Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CHN
1986 7th World Cup Final Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CHN 2nd World Cup Final Flag of Japan.svg JPN
19876th IFSA World Cup Flag of the United States.svg USA
19897th IFSA World Cup Flag of the Soviet Union.svg URS
1990 8th World Cup Final Flag of Belgium (civil).svg BEL 3rd World Cup Final Flag of Belgium (civil).svg BEL
19918th IFSA World Cup Flag of Japan.svg JPN
19939th IFSA World Cup Flag of Bulgaria.svg BUL 1st World Cup (FIT) Flag of Germany.svg GER
19952nd World Cup (FIT) Flag of Denmark.svg DEN
19973rd World Cup (FIT) Flag of Germany.svg GER
1998 9th World Cup Final Flag of Japan.svg JPN
19994th World Cup (FIG) Flag of Portugal.svg POR
2000 10th World Cup Final Flag of the United Kingdom.svg GBR 4th World Cup Final Flag of the United Kingdom.svg GBR 5th World Cup (FIG) Flag of Germany.svg GER
20011st World Series Final Flag of Italy.svg ITA
2002 11th World Cup Final Flag of Germany.svg GER 5th World Cup Final Flag of Germany.svg GER 6th World Cup (FIG) Flag of Germany.svg GER
20031st FIG World Cup Final Flag of Russia.svg RUS 2nd World Series Final Flag of Russia.svg RUS
2004 12th World Cup Final Flag of the United Kingdom.svg GBR 6th World Cup Final Flag of Russia.svg RUS 7th World Cup (FIG) Flag of Algeria.svg ALG
2006 13th World Cup Final Flag of Brazil.svg BRA 7th World Cup Final Flag of Japan.svg JPN 8th World Cup (FIG) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg GBR
20072nd FIG World Cup Final Flag of Belgium (civil).svg BEL 3rd World Series Final Flag of France.svg FRA
2008 14th World Cup Final Flag of Spain.svg ESP 8th World Cup Final Flag of Spain.svg ESP 9th World Cup (FIG) Flag of Russia.svg RUS

Successful nations

What follows are lists of nations which have -earned at least one medal at one of the stages of the FIG World Cup circuit, divided by discipline. The events are sometimes referred to as World Series, World Cup or World Challenge Cup, depending on the format and the discipline contested. Only senior events were considered for the making of the lists. [22] [23] [24] [25] [26]

Acrobatic gymnastics

Results accounted for include: 1) the different editions of the IFSA World Cup from 1975 to 1993; and 2) the different stages of the FIG World Series and FIG World Cup series.

Aerobic gymnastics

Results accounted for include the different stages of the FIG World Series and FIG World Cup series.

Artistic gymnastics

Results accounted for include the different stages of the FIG World Cup series and the FIG World Challenge Cup series.

Parkour

Results accounted for include the different stages of the FIG World Cup circuit, started in 2018 in collaboration with the Festival International des Sports Extrêmes (FISE).

Rhythmic gymnastics

Results accounted for include the different stages of the FIG World Cup series and the FIG World Challenge Cup series.

Trampoline and tumbling gymnastics

Results accounted for include: 1) the different editions of the FIT World Cup from 1984 to 1998; and 2) the different stages of the FIG World Series and FIG World Cup series.

See also

Related Research Articles

Gymnastics Sport

Gymnastics is a sport that includes exercises requiring balance, strength, flexibility, agility, coordination, and endurance. The movements involved in gymnastics contribute to the development of the arms, legs, shoulders, back, chest, and abdominal muscle groups. Alertness, precision, daring, self-confidence, and self-discipline are mental traits that can also be developed through gymnastics. Gymnastics evolved from exercises used by the ancient Greeks that included skills for mounting and dismounting a horse and from circus performance skills.

At the 2000 Summer Olympics, three different gymnastics disciplines were contested: artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics, and trampoline. The artistic gymnastics and trampoline events were held at the Sydney SuperDome on 16–25 September and 22–23 September, respectively. The rhythmic gymnastics events were held at Pavilion 3 of the Sydney Olympic Park on 28 September – 1 October.

Gymnastics World Championships refers to a number of different World Championships for each of the disciplines in competitive gymnastics. The International Gymnastics Federation (FIG) organizes World Championships for six disciplines: acrobatic gymnastics, aerobic gymnastics, artistic gymnastics, parkour, rhythmic gymnastics, as well as trampoline and tumbling. The International Federation of Aesthetic Group Gymnastics (IFAGG) organizes World Championships for the sport of aesthetic group gymnastics.

Gymnastics at the 2008 Summer Olympics

At the 2008 Summer Olympics, three different gymnastics disciplines were contested: artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics and trampoline. The artistic gymnastics events were held at the Beijing National Indoor Stadium on August 9–19. The rhythmic gymnastics events were held at the Beijing University of Technology Gymnasium on August 21–24. The trampoline events were also held at the Beijing National Indoor Stadium on August 16–19.

Gymnastics has been part of all World Games. Among the disciplines, there are rhythmic gymnastics, trampolining and tumbling as well as acrobatics and aerobics. Artistic gymnastics are not contested at the World Games because all of its disciplines have always been Olympic sports.

Gymnastics at the 2016 Summer Olympics Gymnastics at the 2016 Summer Olympics

Gymnastics at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro was held in three categories: artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics and trampolining. All gymnastics events were staged at the Arena Olímpica do Rio from 6 to 21 August 2016.

Gymnastics at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo will be held in three categories: artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics and trampolining. All gymnastics events will be staged at the Olympic Gymnastic Centre, Tokyo Bay between 25 July and 9 August 2020.

The FIG World Rankings is a system determining a list of the World's best gymnasts competing on the Artistic Gymnastics World Cup. A separate World ranking system is also used for Rhythmic Gymnastics.

These are four lists of achievements in major international gymnastics events according to first-place, second-place and third-place results obtained by gymnasts representing different nations. The objective is not to create combined medal tables; the focus is on listing the best positions achieved by gymnasts in major international competitions, ranking the nations according to the most number of podiums accomplished by gymnasts of these nations. All seven competitive disciplines currently recognized by the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG) are covered: 1) acrobatic gymnastics, 2) aerobic gymnastics, 3) men's artistic gymnastics, 4) women's artistic gymnastics, 5) women's rhythmic gymnastics, 6) trampoline and tumbling, and 7) parkour.

This article describes the qualifying phase for gymnastics at the 2016 Summer Olympics. Qualification will be based on the results of the three world gymnastics championships held in autumn 2015, and Olympic Test Events to be held in early 2016 at the HSBC Arena. In addition, the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique and the IOC Tripartite Commission for Gymnastics allocate places to ensure certain minimum levels of representation.

The Pan American Gymnastics Union organizes Pan American Gymnastics Championships in different disciplines of gymnastics: men's and women's artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics, acrobatic gymnastics, trampoline and tumbling, as well as aerobic gymnastics. The Pan American Gymnastics Championships are considered by the International Gymnastics Federation to be the official continental championships for the Americas. The entity also recognizes the South American Gymnastics Championships as the official continental championships for South America. Pan American Championships have also been organized for the sport of aesthetic group gymnastics.

The 2017 FIG World Cup circuit in Rhythmic Gymnastics is a series of competitions officially organized and promoted by the International Gymnastics Federation.

Gymnastics competitions at the 2019 European Games in Minsk, Belarus, were held from 22 to 30 June 2019 at the Minsk-Arena. A total of 32 gymnastics events were held in the five disciplines; artistic, rhythmic, trampolining, aerobic and acrobatic.

Junior World Gymnastics Championships refers to a number of different World Championships in four disciplines recognized by the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG) in competitive gymnastics: acrobatic gymnastics, men's and women's artistic gymnastics, and rhythmic gymnastics.

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