FIG World Cup

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FIG World Cup refers to a number of events organized by the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG) across seven competitive gymnastics disciplines: 1) acrobatic gymnastics, 2) aerobic gymnastics, 3) men's artistic gymnastics, 4) women's artistic gymnastics, 5) women's rhythmic gymnastics, 6) trampoline and tumbling, and 7) parkour. [1] [2]

Contents

History

The Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG) hosted the first Artistic Gymnastics World Cup on an international scale in 1975. This event was an original competition reserved for the best gymnasts, bringing together competitors in all around competition and in apparatus finals. This initiative was taken in a particular context, since the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships took place every four years. [3]

In 1983, FIG decided to hold a Rhythmic Gymnastics World Cup for the first time, after six editions of the Artistic Gymnastics World Cup. At the time, the World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championships were also held every four years. The World Cup events were upheld only until 1990, since FIG decided to host the Artistic and Rhythmic Gymnastics World Championships every year starting in 1991.

Acrobatic gymnastics, a discipline not recognized by the International Gymnastics Federation prior to 1999, had World Cup events held from 1975 to 1993, organized by the International Federation of Sports Acrobatics (IFSA). Similarly, trampoline and tumbling World Cup events were organized from 1993 to 1997 by the Fédération Internationale de Trampoline (FIT). FIG later recognized IFSA and FIT World Cup events as official FIG World Cup competitions. [3]

In 1997, the World Cup was revived as a series of qualifying events for a period of two years, culminating in a final event that was known as the World Cup Final . The different stages, known as World Cup Qualifiers, mostly served the purpose of awarding points to gymnasts according to their placements. [4] [5] [6] [7] These points would be added up over the two-year period to qualify a limited number of gymnasts to the biennial World Cup Final event. [8] [9] [10] In 2001, FIG hosted the World Series for aerobic gymnastics for the first time, equivalent to the World Cup format, which lasted until 2007. The World Cup Final event for all disciplines was terminated in 2008. [11]

Beginning in 2009, the World Cup has been competed strictly as a series of stages with no culminating final event. In each of the stages, medals are awarded to the top three gymnasts or groups in each event, as well as prize money. In 2018, parkour was recognized as a discipline by FIG, and World Cup stages were held for the first time in collaboration with the Festival International des Sports Extrêmes (FISE).

FIG World Cup Final

The World Cup Finals were held as the final event of the World Cup circuit for each of the disciplines in gymnastics until 2008. The International Gymnastics Federation officially recognizes only a number of events as World Cup Final events, as shown below. [12] [13] [14] [15] [16]

Acrobatic gymnastics

YearEventLocation
19751st IFSA World Cup Switzerland Widnau
19772nd IFSA World Cup Poland Katowice
19813rd IFSA World Cup Switzerland Widnau
19834th IFSA World Cup United States Cedar Rapids
19855th IFSA World Cup China Beijing
19876th IFSA World Cup United States Baton Rouge
19897th IFSA World Cup Soviet Union Riga
19918th IFSA World Cup Japan Tokyo
19939th IFSA World Cup Bulgaria Sofia
20031st FIG World Cup Final Russia Krasnodar
20072nd FIG World Cup Final Belgium Puurs

Aerobic gymnastics

YearEventLocation
20011st World Series Final Italy Rimini
20032nd World Series Final Russia Saint Petersburg
20073rd World Series Final France Rodez

Artistic gymnastics

YearHeader textLocationType
19751st World Cup Final United Kingdom London C II - All Around
19772nd World Cup Final Spain Oviedo C II - All Around
19783rd World Cup Final Brazil São Paulo C II - All Around
19794th World Cup Final Japan Tokyo C II - All Around
19805th World Cup Final Canada Toronto C II - All Around
19826th World Cup Final Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Zagreb C II - All Around
19867th World Cup Final China Beijing C II - All Around
1990 8th World Cup Final Belgium Brussels C II - All Around
19989th World Cup Final Japan Sabae C III - Apparatus
200010th World Cup Final United Kingdom Glasgow C III - Apparatus
200211th World Cup Final Germany Stuttgart C III - Apparatus
200412th World Cup Final United Kingdom Birmingham C III - Apparatus
200613th World Cup Final Brazil São Paulo C III - Apparatus
2008 14th World Cup Final Spain Madrid C III - Apparatus

Rhythmic gymnastics

YearEventLocation
1983 [17] 1st World Cup Final Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Belgrade
1986 [18] 2nd World Cup Final Japan Tokyo
1990 3rd World Cup Final Belgium Brussels
2000 4th World Cup Final United Kingdom Glasgow
2002 5th World Cup Final Germany Stuttgart
2004 6th World Cup Final Russia Moscow
2006 7th World Cup Final Japan Mie
2008 [19] 8th World Cup Final Spain Benidorm

Trampoline gymnastics

YearEventLocation
19931st World Cup (FIT) Germany Frankfurt
19952nd World Cup (FIT) Denmark Copenhagen
19973rd World Cup (FIT) Germany Dessau
19994th World Cup (FIG) Portugal Faro
20005th World Cup (FIG) Germany Dessau
20026th World Cup (FIG) Germany Hanover
20047th World Cup (FIG) Algeria Algiers
20068th World Cup (FIG) United Kingdom Birmingham
20089th World Cup (FIG) Russia Togliatti

World Cup series

Since 2009, the World Cup has been contested as a series of stages with no World Cup Final event, across all seven disciplines.

Artistic gymnastics

From 2009 to 2010, events at the Artistic Gymnastics World Cup series were divided into Category A and Category B; Category A events were reserved for invited athletes only, while Category B events were open to all athletes. In 2011 and 2012, the individual apparatus competitions were renamed World Challenge Cups while the all-around competitions retained the World Cup name. Currently, the World Cup series is divided into three groups: the 1) All-Around World Cup series, 2) World Challenge Cup series, and 3) Individual Apparatus World Cup series. All of the (Individual Apparatus) World Challenge Cup competitions remain open to every gymnast, while All-Around World Cup competitions are by invitation only, according to the results of the previous World Championships or Olympic Games. [20]

Rhythmic gymnastics

Since 2009, the World Cup has been competed as a series of events held in different countries throughout the period of one year. [21] From 2009 to 2016, events at the Rhythmic Gymnastics World Cup series were divided into Category A and Category B; Category A events were reserved for invited athletes, while Category B events were open to all athletes. Since 2017, the World Cup series is divided in: 1) the World Cup series; and 2) the World Challenge Cup series. All of the World Cup and World Challenge Cup events are open to all athletes. [22]

The Rhythmic Gymnastics World Cup should not be confused with the Rhythmic Gymnastics Grand Prix Series.

Other disciplines

As of 2018, series of World Cup events are held yearly in acrobatic gymnastics, aerobic gymnastics, trampoline and tumbling, as well as parkour. All events are organized and sanctioned by the International Gymnastics Federation.

Successful nations

What follows are lists of nations which have earned at least one medal at one of the stages of the FIG World Cup circuit, divided by discipline. The events are sometimes referred to as World Series, World Cup or World Challenge Cup, depending on the format and the discipline contested. Only senior events were considered for the making of the lists. [23] [24] [25] [26] [27]

Acrobatic gymnastics

Results accounted for include: 1) the different editions of the IFSA World Cup from 1975 to 1993; 2) World Series Qualifiers and World Cup Qualifiers (i.e., stages which merely qualified for the World Series/Cup Final) held by FIG from 2002 to 2007; 3) FIG World Series/Cup Final events, held twice (2003 and 2007); and 4) the different stages of the World Cup Series, from 2008 to 2018.


Aerobic gymnastics

Results accounted for include: 1) World Series Qualifiers and World Cup Qualifiers (i.e., stages which merely qualified for the World Series/Cup Final) held by FIG from 2000 to 2007; 2) FIG World Series/Cup Final events, held three times (2001, 2003 and 2007); and 3) the different stages of the World Cup Series, from 2008 to 2018.


Artistic gymnastics

Results accounted for include: 1) the standalone World Cup events staged eight times from 1975 to 1990; 2) World Cup Qualifiers (i.e., stages which merely qualified for the World Cup Final) held by FIG from 1997 to 2008; 3) FIG World Cup Final events, held six times between 1998 and 2008; 4) both Category A and Category B World Cup formats of the World Cup Qualifiers (1997 to 2008) and World Cup Series (2009 to 2012); and 5) all of the World Cup (2009 to 2018) and World Challenge Cup (2013 to 2018) events.


Parkour

Results accounted for include the different stages of the FIG World Cup circuit, started in 2018 in collaboration with the Festival International des Sports Extrêmes (FISE).


Rhythmic gymnastics

Results accounted for include: 1) the standalone World Cup events staged three times (1983, 1986 and 1990); 2) World Cup Qualifiers (i.e., stages which merely qualified for the World Cup Final) held by FIG from 1999 to 2008; 3) FIG World Cup Final events, held five times between 2000 and 2008; 4) both Category A and Category B World Cup formats of the World Cup Qualifiers (1999 to 2008) and World Cup Series (2009 to 2016); and 5) all of the World Cup (2009 to 2018) and World Challenge Cup (2017 to 2018) events.


Trampoline and tumbling gymnastics

Results accounted for include: 1) the different editions of the FIT World Cup from 1984 to 1998; 2) FIT World Cup Final events, held three times (1993, 1995 and 1997); 3) World Cup Qualifiers (i.e., stages which merely qualified for the World Cup Final) held by FIG from 1999 to 2008; 4) FIG World Cup Final events, held six times between 1999 and 2008; and 5) the different stages of the World Cup Series, from 2009 to 2018.

See also

References

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