Rugby World Cup Sevens

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Rugby World Cup Sevens
Rugby World Cup Sevens logo.png
SportRugby union sevens
Instituted1993 (men), 2009 (women)
Number of teams24 (men), 16 (women)
HoldersFlag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand (men)
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand (women) (2018)

The Rugby World Cup Sevens is the premier stand-alone international rugby sevens competition outside the Olympic Games. The event is contested every four years, with tournaments for men's and women's national teams co-hosted at the same venues. It is organised by World Rugby, the sport's governing body.

Rugby sevens ballgame-team sport

Rugby sevens, and originally known as seven-a-side rugby, is a variant of rugby union in which teams are made up of seven players playing seven minute halves, instead of the usual 15 players playing 40 minute halves. Rugby sevens is administered by World Rugby, the body responsible for rugby union worldwide. The game is popular at all levels, with amateur and club tournaments generally held in the summer months. Sevens is one of the most well distributed forms of rugby, and is popular in parts of Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas, and especially in the South Pacific.

Rugby sevens at the Summer Olympics

Rugby sevens at the Summer Olympics was played for the first time at the 2016 Summer Olympics with both men's and women's contests. Rugby sevens was added to the Olympics following the decision of the 121st IOC Session in Copenhagen in October 2009. The champions for the inaugural rugby sevens tournament in 2016 were Fiji for the men and Australia for the women.

World Rugby rugby union international governing body

World Rugby is the world governing body for the sport of rugby union. World Rugby organises the Rugby World Cup every four years, the sport's most recognised and most profitable competition. It also organises a number of other international rugby competitions, such as the World Rugby Sevens Series, the Rugby World Cup Sevens, the World Under 20 Championship, and the Pacific Nations Cup.

Contents

The first tournament was held in 1993 in Scotland, the birthplace of rugby sevens. The winners of the men's tournament are awarded the Melrose Cup, named after the Scottish town of Melrose where the first rugby sevens game was played. [1] The women's tournament was inaugurated at the 2009 Rugby World Cup Sevens held in Dubai.

Scotland country in Northwest Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain, with a border with England to the southeast, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

The Melrose Cup is the main prize of the Rugby World Cup Sevens. The trophy is named after the town of Melrose, Scotland, the birthplace of rugby sevens where in 1883 local butcher boy Ned Haig with help of his boss David Sanderson invited local rugby union teams to play a small tournament as a fundraiser event for the Melrose Rugby Club that had financial issues. The trophy has been presented to the winner of the world cup since the inaugural tournament in 1993. The only teams to have held the trophy are England, Wales, Fiji and current cup holders New Zealand. Winner of the first tournament was England.

Dubai Metropolis in United Arab Emirates

Dubai is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). On the southeast coast of the Persian Gulf, it is the capital of the Emirate of Dubai, one of the seven emirates that make up the country.

In men's Rugby World Cup Sevens, the New Zealand have won the tournament three times, Fiji have won it twice, and England and Wales have won a single tournament each, while Argentina, Australia and South Africa have reached tournament finals but not secured a title.

New Zealand national rugby sevens team

The New Zealand national rugby sevens team competes in the World Rugby Sevens Series, Rugby World Cup Sevens, Summer Olympic Games and the Commonwealth Games. The team has been officially known as the All Blacks Sevens since 1 June 2012.

The Fiji national rugby sevens team is one of the most successful rugby sevens teams in the world. Fiji has won the Hong Kong Sevens a record eighteen times since the tournament's inception in 1976. Fiji has also won the Rugby World Cup Sevens twice — in 1997 and 2005. Fiji also won the gold medal at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Brazil, the country's first Olympic medal in any event.

The England national rugby sevens team competes in the World Rugby Sevens Series, Rugby World Cup Sevens and the Commonwealth Games. England's best finish in the Sevens Series is second place, which they have achieved four times, most recently in the 2016-17 season. They have once won the Rugby World Cup Sevens — the inaugural tournament in 1993.

For women's Rugby World Cup Sevens, Australia won the first tournament in 2009 and New Zealand won the second and third tournaments in 2013 and 2018. New Zealand are the current men's and women's world champions having won both tournaments in 2018.

In May of 2009, the International Rugby Board (now World Rugby) stated that if Olympic rugby sevens were added to the Rio de Janeiro games, their intention was to end the World Cup Sevens. [2] In 2013, following two weeks of consultation, the board announced that the competition would be retained and integrated into the Olympic calendar, meaning that a meaningful elite level competition would take place every two years from 2016. In common with other Olympic team sports, the World Cup hosts a larger number of teams than the Olympic tournament. [3] The first competition after Olympic integration took place in 2018, which entailed a one-off five-year gap from the 2013 competition.

2018 Rugby World Cup Sevens

The 2018 Rugby World Cup Sevens was the seventh edition of the Rugby World Cup Sevens. Organised by World Rugby, it was held at AT&T Park, now known as Oracle Park, in San Francisco, United States. A total of 84 matches were played over three days from July 20–22, 2018. The men’s tournament had 24 teams and the women’s tournament 16, with both tournaments being played for the first time in a knock-out only format. New Zealand won the championship for both events — defeating England in the men's final and France in the women's final.

The 2018 Rugby World Cup Sevens tournament for both men and women's teams was held from Friday 20 July 2018 to Sunday 22 July 2018 in AT&T Park, San Francisco in the United States. Unlike previous Rugby World Cup Sevens tournaments and the annual World Rugby Sevens Series events, in each of the genders, both competitions were played in knock-out only formats.

San Francisco Consolidated city-county in California, US

San Francisco, officially City and County of San Francisco and colloquially known by its initialism SF, is a city in, and the cultural, commercial, and financial center of, Northern California. San Francisco is the 13th most populous city in the United States, and the fourth most populous in California, with 883,305 residents as of 2018. It covers an area of about 46.89 square miles (121.4 km2), mostly at the north end of the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area, making it the second most densely populated large U.S. city, and the fifth most densely populated U.S. county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. San Francisco is the 12th-largest metropolitan statistical area in the United States, with 4,729,484 people in 2018. With San Jose, it forms the fifth most populous combined statistical area in the United States, the San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of more than 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

History

The Rugby World Cup Sevens originated with a proposal by the Scottish Rugby Union to the International Rugby Board.[ citation needed ] The inaugural tournament was held at Murrayfield in Edinburgh in 1993, and has been held every four years since. England won the inaugural tournament, defeating Australia 21–17 in the final.

Hong Kong, which had played a major role in the international development of the Sevens game, hosted the 1997 event. The final was won by Fiji over South Africa. The 2001 tournament was held in Mar del Plata, Argentina. The 2005 event returned to Hong Kong.

At the 2009 tournament, Wales, Samoa, Argentina and Kenya combined to stun the rugby world by defeating the traditional powerhouses of New Zealand, England, South Africa and Fiji in the quarter-finals, guaranteeing a new Melrose Cup winner. Wales and Argentina met in the final, with Wales triumphing 19–12.

The IRB made a submission to the International Olympic Committee in 2005 for rugby sevens to become an Olympic sport. However, the submission failed because committee members felt IRB needed to improve promotion of the women's game.[ citation needed ] To that end, the IRB implemented the first women's Rugby World Cup Sevens tournament in 2009. [4] The 2009 Rugby World Cup Sevens was held in Dubai during the first weekend of March 2009 and included a separate women's tournament. Cumulative attendance was 78,000. [4]

Prior to the inclusion of rugby sevens into the Olympic Games, the IRB stated that their intention would be to end the World Cup Sevens so that the Olympic Games would be the one pinnacle in a four-year cycle for Rugby Sevens. [2] The adoption of rugby sevens and golf was recommended to the full International Olympic Committee council by its executive board in August 2009. [5] The International Olympic Committee voted in 2009 for rugby sevens to become a medal sport at the 2016 Games in Rio de Janeiro. [6]

The IRB Council in 2010 awarded the hosting of the 2013 tournament to Moscow, Russia from a field of eight nations that had expressed formal interest in hosting. [7] The IRB intended that the exposure to rugby from hosting the World Cup Sevens would accelerate the growth of rugby in Russia. [7]

The IRB had said the 2013 Rugby World Cup Sevens – featuring 24 men's teams and 16 women's teams – would be the last one. However, following feedback from its member unions, the IRB's general assembly voted for the tournament to continue. The principal concern is that Sevens at the Olympics would accommodate only 12 teams. [8]

The IRB announced on June 12, 2013 that the Rugby World Cup Sevens would continue after 2013, with the next tournament set for 2018, and for every four years after that. [9] Following the IRB's announcement, several nations officially announced their intention to bid to host the 2018 tournament – including the United States [10] and Wales. [11] On May 13, 2015 it was decided that the United States would host the 2018 edition of the tournament with the two venues being announced when they won the bid. [12]

Men's tournament

YearHostFinalSemi-finalists
WinnerScoreRunner-up
1993 Flag of Scotland.svg
Edinburgh, Scotland
Flag of England.svg
England
21–17Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji
IRFU flag.svg
Ireland
1997 Flag of Hong Kong 1959.svg
Hong Kong
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji
24–21Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
Flag of Samoa.svg
Samoa
2001 Flag of Argentina.svg
Mar del Plata, Argentina
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
31–12Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji
2005 Flag of Hong Kong.svg
Hong Kong
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji
29–19Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
Flag of England.svg
England
2009 Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg
Wales
19–12Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Kenya.svg
Kenya
Flag of Samoa.svg
Samoa
2013 Flag of Russia.svg
Moscow, Russia
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
33–0Flag of England.svg
England
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji
Flag of Kenya.svg
Kenya
2018 Flag of the United States.svg
San Francisco, United States
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
33–12Flag of England.svg
England
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji
Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa

Notable players

Player of the Tournament
YearChampionPlayer
1993 Flag of England.svg  England Flag of England.svg Lawrence Dallaglio
1997 Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji Flag of Fiji.svg Waisale Serevi [13]
2001 Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Flag of New Zealand.svg Jonah Lomu
2005 Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji Flag of Fiji.svg Waisale Serevi [13]
2009 Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg Tal Selley [14]
2013 Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Flag of New Zealand.svg Tim Mikkelson [15]
2018 Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

The 2001 tournament added another chapter to the legend of New Zealand's Jonah Lomu. Lomu, used sparingly in pool play, received his opportunity when New Zealand captain Eric Rush broke his leg in the last pool match. Lomu went on to score three tries in the final.

In 2005, Waisale Serevi came out of international retirement to captain and lead Fiji to their second Melrose Cup. At the 2009 tournament, Wales defeated Argentina 19–12 in the final, and Wales' Taliesin Selley was named player of the tournament.

Most career tries
RankPlayerTries
1 Flag of Fiji.svg Marika Vunibaka 23
2 Flag of Fiji.svg Waisale Serevi 19
3 Flag of Samoa.svg Brian Lima 17
4 Flag of Scotland.svg Andrew Turnbull 16
5 Flag of New Zealand.svg Roger Randle 14

The top all-time try-scorer for the Rugby World Cup Sevens is Fijian winger Marika Vunibaka, who scored 23 tries in three of the Sevens World Cups he played in from 1997 to 2005. Serevi ranks second with 19 career World Cup Sevens tries, over four tournaments from 1993 to 2005. [16] Brian Lima ranks third with 17 tries. The top points scorers are Serevi with 297 points, Vunibaka with 115 points, and Lima with 101 points. [17]

Results by nation

Team 1993 1997 2001 2005 2009 2013 2018 Years
GCC Flag.svg Arabian Gulf 21st1
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 9th13th3rd5th2nd11th5th7
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 2nd5th2nd3rd10th5th10th7
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 15th21st5th18th13th9th12th7
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 17th17th2
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands 11th13th2
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei 21st21st21st3
Flag of England.svg  England 1st5th5th3rd5th2nd2nd7
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji 3rd1st3rd1st5th3rd4th7
Flag of France.svg  France 15th5th21st5th13th5th8th7
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia 10th11th21st19th4
IRFU flag.svg  Ireland 3rd19th19th13th18th9th6
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 17th17th21st3
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 17th10th21st21st19th21st18th7
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 24th1
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 13th17th13th13th21st18th15th7
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 19th19th3rd4th16th5
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 11th5th13th21st4
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 21st1
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 19th1
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 21st21st2
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 21st1
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 7th3rd1st2nd5th1st1st7
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea 21st1
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 21st1
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 21st18th10th11th13th5
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 17th13th2
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 9th11th17th14th4
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 5th2nd5th5th5th5th3rd7
Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa 5th3rd5th9th3rd10th13th7
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 14th11th5th9th11th7th6
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 10th13th11th21st4
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga 7th9th19th11th13th22nd6
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 13th13th21st3
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda 19th1
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 21st19th19th20th4
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 17th18th13th13th13th13th6th7
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales 11th13th11th1st5th11th6
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 21st21st17th13th23rd5

Women's tournament

YearHostFinalSemi-finalists
WinnerScoreRunner-up
2009 Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg
United Arab Emirates
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
15–10Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa
2013 Flag of Russia.svg
Moscow, Russia
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
29–12Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Canada
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
2018 Flag of the United States.svg
San Francisco, United States
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
29–0Flag of France.svg
France
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
Flag of the United States.svg
United States

Results by nation

Team 2009 2013 2018 Years
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 1st5th3rd3
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 10th13th13th3
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 6th2nd7th3
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 9th11th12th3
Flag of England.svg  England 5th6th9th3
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji 9th11th2
Flag of France.svg  France 7th11th2nd3
IRFU flag.svg  Ireland 7th6th2
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 11th1
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 13th13th10th3
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 16th1
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 13th10th2
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 2nd1st1st3
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea 15th1
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 11th7th8th3
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 4th13th14th3
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 7th4th5th3
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 13th1
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 13th1
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 3rd3rd4th3
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda 13th1

See also

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References

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