Rugby World Cup Sevens

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Rugby World Cup Sevens
Rugby World Cup Sevens logo.png
SportRugby union sevens
Instituted1993 (men), 2009 (women)
Number of teams24 (men), 16 (women)
HoldersFlag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand (men) (2018)
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand (women) (2018)

The Rugby World Cup Sevens is the premier stand-alone international rugby sevens competition outside the Olympic Games. The event is contested every four years, with tournaments for men's and women's national teams co-hosted at the same venues. It is organised by World Rugby, the sport's governing body.

Contents

The first tournament was held in 1993 in Scotland, the birthplace of rugby sevens. The winners of the men's tournament are awarded the Melrose Cup, named after the Scottish town of Melrose where the first rugby sevens game was played. [1] The women's tournament was inaugurated at the 2009 Rugby World Cup Sevens held in Dubai.

In men's Rugby World Cup Sevens, the New Zealand have won the tournament three times, Fiji have won it twice, and England and Wales have won a single tournament each, while Argentina, Australia and South Africa have reached tournament finals but not secured a title.

For women's Rugby World Cup Sevens, Australia won the first tournament in 2009 and New Zealand won the second and third tournaments in 2013 and 2018. New Zealand are the current men's and women's world champions having won both tournaments in 2018.

In May 2009, the International Rugby Board (now World Rugby) stated that if Olympic rugby sevens were added to the Rio de Janeiro games, their intention was to end the World Cup Sevens. [2] In 2013, following two weeks of consultation, the board announced that the competition would be retained and integrated into the Olympic calendar, meaning that a meaningful elite level competition would take place every two years from 2016. In common with other Olympic team sports, the World Cup hosts a larger number of teams than the Olympic tournament. [3] The first competition after Olympic integration took place in 2018, which entailed a one-off five-year gap from the 2013 competition.

The 2018 Rugby World Cup Sevens tournament for both men and women's teams was held from Friday 20 July 2018 to Sunday 22 July 2018 in AT&T Park, San Francisco in the United States. Unlike previous Rugby World Cup Sevens tournaments and the annual World Rugby Sevens Series events, in each of the genders, both competitions were played in knock-out only formats.

The 2022 Rugby World Cup Sevens tournament for both men and women's teams will be held at the Cape Town Stadium, Cape Town in South Africa.

History

The Rugby World Cup Sevens originated with a proposal by the Scottish Rugby Union to the International Rugby Board.[ citation needed ] The inaugural tournament was held at Murrayfield in Edinburgh in 1993, and has been held every four years since. England won the inaugural tournament, defeating Australia 21–17 in the final.

Hong Kong, which had played a major role in the international development of the Sevens game, hosted the 1997 event. The final was won by Fiji over South Africa. The 2001 tournament was held in Mar del Plata, Argentina. The 2005 event returned to Hong Kong.

At the 2009 tournament, Wales, Samoa, Argentina and Kenya combined to stun the rugby world by defeating the traditional powerhouses of New Zealand, England, South Africa and Fiji in the quarter-finals, guaranteeing a new Melrose Cup winner. Wales and Argentina met in the final, with Wales triumphing 19–12.

The IRB made a submission to the International Olympic Committee in 2005 for rugby sevens to become an Olympic sport. However, the submission failed because committee members felt IRB needed to improve promotion of the women's game.[ citation needed ] To that end, the IRB implemented the first women's Rugby World Cup Sevens tournament in 2009. [4] The 2009 Rugby World Cup Sevens was held in Dubai during the first weekend of March 2009 and included a separate women's tournament. Cumulative attendance was 78,000. [4]

Prior to the inclusion of rugby sevens into the Olympic Games, the IRB stated that their intention would be to end the World Cup Sevens so that the Olympic Games would be the one pinnacle in a four-year cycle for Rugby Sevens. [2] The adoption of rugby sevens and golf was recommended to the full International Olympic Committee council by its executive board in August 2009. [5] The International Olympic Committee voted in 2009 for rugby sevens to become a medal sport at the 2016 Games in Rio de Janeiro. [6]

The IRB Council in 2010 awarded the hosting of the 2013 tournament to Moscow, Russia from a field of eight nations that had expressed formal interest in hosting. [7] The IRB intended that the exposure to rugby from hosting the World Cup Sevens would accelerate the growth of rugby in Russia. [7]

The IRB had said the 2013 Rugby World Cup Sevens – featuring 24 men's teams and 16 women's teams – would be the last one. However, following feedback from its member unions, the IRB's general assembly voted for the tournament to continue. The principal concern is that Sevens at the Olympics would accommodate only 12 teams. [8]

The IRB announced on 12 June 2013 that the Rugby World Cup Sevens would continue after 2013, with the next tournament set for 2018, and for every four years after that. [9] Following the IRB's announcement, several nations officially announced their intention to bid to host the 2018 tournament – including the United States [10] and Wales. [11] On 13 May 2015 it was decided that the United States would host the 2018 edition of the tournament with the two venues being announced when they won the bid. [12]

Men's tournament

YearHostFinalSemi-finalists
WinnerScoreRunner-up
1993 Flag of Scotland.svg
Edinburgh, Scotland
Flag of England.svg
England
21–17Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji
IRFU flag.svg
Ireland
1997 Flag of Hong Kong 1959.svg
Hong Kong
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji
24–21Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
Flag of Samoa.svg
Samoa
2001 Flag of Argentina.svg
Mar del Plata, Argentina
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
31–12Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji
2005 Flag of Hong Kong.svg
Hong Kong
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji
29–19Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
Flag of England.svg
England
2009 Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg
Wales
19–12Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Kenya.svg
Kenya
Flag of Samoa.svg
Samoa
2013 Flag of Russia.svg
Moscow, Russia
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
33–0Flag of England.svg
England
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji
Flag of Kenya.svg
Kenya
2018 Flag of the United States.svg
San Francisco, United States
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
33–12Flag of England.svg
England
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji
Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa
2022 Flag of South Africa.svg
Cape Town, South Africa

Notable players

Player of the Tournament
YearChampionPlayer
1993 Flag of England.svg  England Flag of England.svg Lawrence Dallaglio
1997 Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji Flag of Fiji.svg Waisale Serevi [13]
2001 Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Flag of New Zealand.svg Jonah Lomu
2005 Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji Flag of Fiji.svg Waisale Serevi [13]
2009 Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg Tal Selley [14]
2013 Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Flag of New Zealand.svg Tim Mikkelson [15]
2018 Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Flag of New Zealand.svg Scott Curry
2022

The 2001 tournament added another chapter to the legend of New Zealand's Jonah Lomu. Lomu, used sparingly in pool play, received his opportunity when New Zealand captain Eric Rush broke his leg in the last pool match. Lomu went on to score three tries in the final.

In 2005, Waisale Serevi came out of international retirement to captain and lead Fiji to their second Melrose Cup. At the 2009 tournament, Wales defeated Argentina 19–12 in the final, and Wales' Taliesin Selley was named player of the tournament.

Most career tries
RankPlayerTries
1 Flag of Fiji.svg Marika Vunibaka 23
2 Flag of Fiji.svg Waisale Serevi 19
3 Flag of Samoa.svg Brian Lima 17
4 Flag of Scotland.svg Andrew Turnbull 16
5 Flag of New Zealand.svg Roger Randle 14

The top all-time try-scorer for the Rugby World Cup Sevens is Fijian winger Marika Vunibaka, who scored 23 tries in three of the Sevens World Cups he played in from 1997 to 2005. Serevi ranks second with 19 career World Cup Sevens tries, over four tournaments from 1993 to 2005. [16] Brian Lima ranks third with 17 tries. The top points scorers are Serevi with 297 points, Vunibaka with 115 points, and Lima with 101 points. [17]

Results by nation

Team Flag of Scotland.svg
1993
Flag of Hong Kong 1959.svg
1997
Flag of Argentina.svg
2001
Flag of Hong Kong.svg
2005
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg
2009
Flag of Russia.svg
2013
Flag of the United States.svg
2018
Flag of South Africa.svg
2022
Years
GCC Flag.svg Arabian Gulf 21st1
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 9th13th3rd5th2nd11th5th7
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 2nd5th2nd3rd10th5th10th7
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 15th21st5th18th13th9th12th7
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 17th17th2
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands 11th13th2
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei 21st21st21st3
Flag of England.svg  England 1st5th5th3rd5th2nd2nd7
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji 3rd1st3rd1st5th3rd4th7
Flag of France.svg  France 15th5th21st5th13th5th8th7
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia 10th11th21st19th4
IRFU flag.svg  Ireland 3rd19th19th13th18th9th6
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 17th17th21st3
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 17th10th21st21st19th21st18th7
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 24th1
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 13th17th13th13th21st18th15th7
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 19th19th3rd4th16th5
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 11th5th13th21st4
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 21st1
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 19th1
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 21st21st2
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 21st1
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 7th3rd1st2nd5th1st1st7
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea 21st1
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 21st1
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 21st18th10th11th13th5
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 17th13th2
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 9th11th17th14th4
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 5th2nd5th5th5th5th3rdQ8
Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa 5th3rd5th9th3rd10th13th7
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 14th11th5th9th11th7th6
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 10th13th11th21st4
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga 7th9th19th11th13th22nd6
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 13th13th21st3
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda 19th1
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 21st19th19th20th4
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 17th18th13th13th13th13th6th7
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales 11th13th11th1st5th11th6
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 21st21st17th13th23rd5

Women's tournament

YearHostFinalSemi-finalists
WinnerScoreRunner-up
2009 Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg
United Arab Emirates
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
15–10Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa
2013 Flag of Russia.svg
Moscow, Russia
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
29–12Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Canada
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
2018 Flag of the United States.svg
San Francisco, United States
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
29–0Flag of France.svg
France
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
2022 Flag of South Africa.svg
Cape Town, South Africa

Results by nation

Team Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg
2009
Flag of Russia.svg
2013
Flag of the United States.svg
2018
Flag of South Africa.svg
2022
Years
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 1st5th3rd3
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 10th13th13th3
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 6th2nd7th3
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 9th11th12th3
Flag of England.svg  England 5th6th9th3
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji 9th11th2
Flag of France.svg  France 7th11th2nd3
IRFU flag.svg  Ireland 7th6th2
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 11th1
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 13th13th10th3
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 16th1
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 13th10th2
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 2nd1st1st3
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea 15th1
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 11th7th8th3
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 4th13th14thQ4
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 7th4th5th3
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 13th1
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 13th1
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 3rd3rd4th3
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda 13th1

See also

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