World Puzzle Championship

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The World Puzzle Championship (commonly abbreviated as WPC) is an annual international puzzle competition run by the World Puzzle Federation. All the puzzles in the competition are pure-logic problems based on simple principles, designed to be playable regardless of language or culture. [1]

A puzzle is a game, problem, or toy that tests a person's ingenuity or knowledge. In a puzzle, the solver is expected to put pieces together in a logical way, in order to arrive at the correct or fun solution of the puzzle. There are different genres of puzzles, such as crossword puzzles, word-search puzzles, number puzzles, relational puzzles, or logic puzzles.

Contents

National teams are determined by local affiliates of the World Puzzle Federation. Of the 26 championships (team category) held thus far, 14 have been won by the United States, 7 by Germany, 3 by the Czech Republic, and 2 by Japan. The most successful individual contestant is Ulrich Voigt (Germany) with 11 titles since 2000.

United States federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Czech Republic republic in Central Europe

The Czech Republic, also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. The Czech Republic covers an area of 78,866 square kilometres (30,450 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental climate and oceanic climate. It is a unitary parliamentary republic, with 10.6 million inhabitants; its capital and largest city is Prague, with 1.3 million residents. Other major cities are Brno, Ostrava, Olomouc and Pilsen. The Czech Republic is a member of the European Union (EU), NATO, the OECD, the United Nations, the OSCE, and the Council of Europe.

The latest WPC was held in October 2017 in Bangalore. [2] [3]

Origin

The World Puzzle Championship was the brainchild of Will Shortz, who wanted to create an event where puzzlers from different countries could compete on an even playing field. [4] Previously, the International Crossword Marathon was the major international competition for puzzle-solving, and Shortz had attended it every year, but because participants used their own language and crossword rules, it was not a very good basis for comparing raw puzzle-solving skills across cultures. Shortz created the WPC to overcome these flaws. [1] As described by Nick Baxter, co-director of the U.S. Puzzle Championship, the challenge of the competition is speed. [5]

Will Shortz American puzzle creator and editor

Will Shortz is an American puzzle creator and editor, and crossword puzzle editor for The New York Times.

The first WPC was held in New York City in 1992, and Shortz was the organizer and Helene Hovanec was the coordinator. Each WPC has been held at a different city since then.

New York City Largest city in the United States

The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States and thus also in the state of New York. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Helene Hovanec is a former elementary school teacher who has authored 66 puzzle books, 59 of which are for children.

Participants

Currently, 34 countries are official members of the World Puzzle Federation. [6] Individuals may also take part if their country is not already represented by a national team. [7] [8] In the 2017 WPC, 169 contestants from 27 countries participated. [9] The United States has won the championship 14 times, followed by Germany with 7 championships. The Czech Republic has won three times and Japan has won twice. Ulrich Voigt of Germany has been the most successful individual contestant, winning the gold medal eleven times since 2000. Wei-Hwa Huang of the United States won four of the first eight championships in the 1990s.

Japan Constitutional monarchy in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Ulrich Voigt is an eleven-time World Puzzle Champion, and the most successful individual contestant. A German, he was born in 1976 in Borna near Leipzig and currently lives in Freiburg.

Wei-Hwa Huang is an American puzzler, member of the US Team for the World Puzzle Championship, and game designer.

Results summary

Host city
IndividualTeam
YearCityCountryGoldSilverBronzeGoldSilverBronzeRef
1992 New York City Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg David Samuel Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Darren Rigby Flag of the United States.svg Daniel JohnsonFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Flag of Poland.svg  Poland [10]
1993 Brno Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Robert Babilon Flag of the United States.svg Wei-Hwa Huang Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Pavel KalhousFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [11]
1994 Cologne Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the United States.svg Ron Osher Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Pavel Kalhous Flag of Croatia.svg Pero GalogazaFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia [12]
1995 Poiana Brasov Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Flag of the United States.svg Wei-Hwa Huang Flag of Hungary.svg Gyorgy Istvan Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Pavel KalhousFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary [13]
1996 Utrecht Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Robert Babilon Flag of the United States.svg Zack Butler Flag of the United States.svg Wei-Hwa HuangFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey [14]
1997 Koprivnica Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Flag of the United States.svg Wei-Hwa Huang Flag of the United States.svg Ron Osher Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Robert BabilonFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary [15]
1998 Istanbul Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Flag of the United States.svg Wei-Hwa Huang Flag of Japan.svg Akira Nakai Flag of the United States.svg Zack ButlerFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary [16]
1999 Budapest Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Flag of the United States.svg Wei-Hwa Huang Flag of the United States.svg Zack Butler Flag of the Netherlands.svg Niels RoestFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic [17]
2000 Stamford Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of the United States.svg Wei-Hwa Huang Flag of the Netherlands.svg Niels RoestFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Flag of Germany.svg  Germany [18]
2001 Brno Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Robert Babilon Flag of the United States.svg Zack ButlerFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium [19]
2002 Oulu Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Flag of the Netherlands.svg Niels Roest Flag of Germany.svg Roland Voigt Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich VoigtFlag of Japan.svg  Japan Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the United States.svg  United States [20]
2003 Arnhem Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of the United States.svg Wei-Hwa Huang Flag of the United States.svg Roger BarkanFlag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands [21]
2004 Opatija Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Flag of the Netherlands.svg Niels Roest Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of the United States.svg Roger BarkanFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary [22]
2005 Eger Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of the United States.svg Wei-Hwa Huang Flag of the Netherlands.svg Niels RoestFlag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Japan.svg  Japan [23]
2006 Borovets Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of the United States.svg Wei-Hwa Huang Flag of Japan.svg Maho YokotaFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Japan.svg  Japan [24]
2007 Rio de Janeiro Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Hungary.svg Pal Madarassy Flag of the United States.svg Thomas Snyder Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich VoigtFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium [25]
2008 Minsk Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of Turkey.svg Mehmet Murat Sevim Flag of the United States.svg Roger BarkanFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic [26]
2009 Antalya Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of Slovakia.svg Peter Hudák Flag of Turkey.svg Mehmet Murat SevimFlag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Japan.svg  Japan [27]
2010 Paprotnia Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Flag of Japan.svg Taro Arimatsu Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of Japan.svg Hideaki JoFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Flag of Germany.svg  Germany [28]
2011 Eger Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Flag of the United States.svg Palmer Mebane Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of the United States.svg Thomas SnyderFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Japan.svg  Japan [29]
2012 Kraljevica Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of the United States.svg Thomas Snyder Flag of the United States.svg Palmer MebaneFlag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Flag of the United States.svg  United States [30]
2013 Beijing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of the United States.svg Palmer Mebane Flag of the United States.svg Thomas SnyderFlag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Japan.svg  Japan [31]
2014 London Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of the United States.svg Palmer Mebane Flag of Germany.svg Florian KirchFlag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Flag of the United States.svg  United States [32]
2015 Sofia Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Flag of Japan.svg Ken Endo Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of the United States.svg Palmer MebaneFlag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Flag of the United States.svg  United States [33]
2016 Senec Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of the United States.svg Palmer Mebane Flag of Japan.svg Ken EndoFlag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2017 Bangalore Flag of India.svg  India Flag of Japan.svg Ken Endo Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of Japan.svg Kota MorinishiFlag of Japan.svg  Japan Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Germany.svg  Germany [34]
2018 Prague Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of the United States.svg Thomas Snyder Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Voigt Flag of Japan.svg Ken EndoFlag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary

Starting from 2013, titles have been awarded also for the best players in two age categories, Under 18 and Over 50 years of age.

Location
Under 18Over 50
YearCityCountryGoldSilverBronzeGoldSilverBronze
2013 Beijing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Qiu Yanzhe Flag of Slovakia.svg Jakub Bahyl Flag of Slovakia.svg Zuzana Hromcová Flag of Italy.svg Stefano Forcolin Flag of the United States.svg Nick Baxter Flag of Finland.svg Jouni Juhani Särkijärvi [31]
2014 London Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Qiu Yanzhe Flag of France.svg Olivier Garçonnet Flag of Turkey.svg Mehmet Durmuş Flag of Italy.svg Stefano Forcolin Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jiří Hrdina Flag of the United States.svg Nick Baxter [35]
2015 Sofia Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Qiu Yanzhe Flag of France.svg Olivier Garçonnet Flag of Slovakia.svg Pavol Kollár Flag of the United Kingdom.svg David McNeill Flag of Italy.svg Stefano Forcolin Flag of Serbia.svg Zoran Tanasić [33]
2016 Senec Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Qiu Yanzhe Flag of Slovakia.svg Pavol Kollár Flag of France.svg Olivier Garçonnet Flag of Japan.svg Taro Arimatsu Flag of Italy.svg Stefano Forcolin Flag of Hungary.svg Miklós Mócsy
2017 Bangalore Flag of India.svg  India Flag of the United States.svg Walker Anderson Flag of Slovakia.svg Pavol Kollár Flag of South Korea.svg Kang Hyunmo Flag of Japan.svg Taro Arimatsu Flag of the United Kingdom.svg David McNeill Flag of Germany.svg Michael Smit [34]
2018 Prague Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of the United States.svg Walker Anderson Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Tantan Dai Flag of Bulgaria.svg Ivan Georgiev Flag of Japan.svg Taro Arimatsu Flag of Serbia.svg Cedomir Milanovic Flag of Germany.svg Michael Smit [36]

Classic puzzles used

Incomplete list, in alphabetical order:

See also

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References

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