The UMB World Three-cushion Championship is a professional carom billiards tournament in the discipline of three-cushion billiards, organized mostly annually by the Union Mondiale de Billard. Until 1953 it was organized by the UIFAB (Union Internationale des Federations d'Amateurs de Billard). During a dispute between the UMB and BWA (Billiards World Cup Association) the UMB decided not to organize the championship between 1988-1991. Instead the overall winner of the World Cup was announced as also the world champion. p785:
Carom billiards, sometimes called carambole billiards or simply carambole, is the overarching title of a family of cue sports generally played on cloth-covered, 1.5-by-3.0-metre pocketless tables, which often feature heated slate beds. In its simplest form, the object of the game is to score or "counts" by one's own off both the opponent's cue ball and the on a single shot. The invention as well as the exact date of origin of carom billiards is somewhat obscure but is thought to be traceable to 18th-century France.
Three-cushion billiards is a popular form of carom billiards.
The Union Mondiale de Billard is the world governing body for carom (carambole) billiard games.
From 1928 to 1958 and from 1985 to 1987, matches were played as a single frame with a run to 50 points (or 60 points between 1960 and 1984). From 1994 to 2011 the tournament was played in a set-system, the winner achieving the best of five. Since 2012 it has been changed back to a single frame with the run to 40 points.
|Winner||20.000 € x 1||120|
|Runner-up||12.000 € x 1||81|
|3. & 4. Rank||7.000 € x 2||57|
|5. – 8. Rank||4.000 € x 4||39|
|9. – 16. Rank||2.000 € x 8||24|
|17. – 32. Rank||1.500 € x 16||12|
|33. – 48. Rank||1.000 € x 16||8|
This is the list of UMB three-cushion billiards world champions, from 1928 to present. pp 799–853:
|1939 to 1947: not held|
|1949 to 1951: not held|
|1954 to 1957: not held|
|1959: not held|
|1962: not held|
|43||1988||6 x World Cup||1,594||1,224||1,293|
|44||1989||5 x World Cup||1,342||1,389||1,312|
|45||1990||6 x World Cup||1,527||1,619||1,300|
|46||1991||5 x World Cup||1,504||1,518||1,498|
|1992 and 1993: not held|
Semih Saygıner, nicknamed Mr. Magic or The Turkish Prince, is a Turkish world champion professional carom billiards player specialized in three-cushion event.
Dingeman Jacobus Johannes "Dick" Jaspers is a Dutch professional carom billiards player who specializes in the three-cushion event.
Torbjörn Blomdahl is a Swedish professional carom billiards player from Helsingborg, Sweden. He is a five time World Champion in three-cushion billiards, having won the titles in 1986, 1987, 1991, 1997 and in 2015.
The Billiards World Cup Association (BWA) was a governing body for three-cushion carom billiards which organized and marketed the Three-Cushion World Cup from 1985–1999. It was subordinate to the World Association Union Mondiale de Billard (UMB).
Marco Zanetti is an Italian professional three-cushion billiards player and a two-time world champion from Bolzano, Italy.
Daniel Sánchez Gálvez is a Spanish professional carom billiards player who plays for FC Porto a club he has represented for the last 21 years.
Edward Lancaster Lee was an American professional carom billiards player from New York City.
Alfred Lagache was a French professional three-cushion billiards player.
The CEB European Three-cushion Championship is three-cushion billiards tournament organized by the Confédération Européenne de Billard. Held since 1932, it is one of longest-running tournaments in the sport. The 2007 event offered a total purse of €18,500 (US$26,134) with €4,000 ($5,651) for the winner.
Eddy Merckx is a Belgian professional three-cushion billiards player.
The UMB World Three-cushion Championship for National Teams is a professional carom billiards tournament in the discipline of three-cushion billiards where nations are represented by a team of two players. After the first three editions, which took place in various nations and were not scheduled regularly, the Union Mondiale de Billard decided to keep the championships situated in Viersen, Germany and to organize these championships annually.
Eddy Leppens is a Belgian professional three cushion billiards player.
The Three-Cushion World Cup is an international tournament series in three-cushion billiards, which is held every year since 1986 between three and ten times a year.
The Confédération Européene de Billard (CEB) is European governing body of carom billiards and is affiliated to the world federation UMB.
Edmond Soussa was an Egyptian carom billiards player in various disciplines and 11-time world champion. To date, Soussa was the only African to win world titles in the sport.
Turkish Billiards Federation is the governing body of the cue sports in Turkey. Founded on December 2, 2006, it is based in Ankara. The Turkish organization is member of the Confédération Européenne de Billard (CEB) and the Union Mondiale de Billard (UMB). Since May 2014, the TBF is chaired by Ersan Ercan.
Tayfun Taşdemir is a Turkish professional carom billiards player specialized in three-cushion event.
Christian Rudolph is a German carom billiards player and multiple world champion in three-cushion billiards. He is the son of carom billiards champion Ernst Rudolph.