World Rowing Championships

Last updated
World Rowing Championships
Statusactive
Genre Rowing World championship
Date(s)varying
Frequencyannual
Countryvarying
Inaugurated 1962  ( 1962 )
Most recent 2018
Next event 2019
Organised by FISA
Website www.worldrowing.com

The World Rowing Championships is an international rowing regatta organized by FISA (the International Rowing Federation). It is a week-long event held at the end of the northern hemisphere summer and in non-Olympic years is the highlight of the international rowing calendar.

International is an adjective meaning "between nations".

Rowing (sport) Sport where individuals or teams row boats by oar

Rowing, often referred to as crew in the United States, is a sport whose origins reach back to Ancient Egyptian times. It involves propelling a boat on water using oars. By pushing against the water with an oar, a force is generated to move the boat. The sport can be either recreational for enjoyment or fitness, or competitive, when athletes race against each other in boats. There are a number of different boat classes in which athletes compete, ranging from an individual shell to an eight-person shell with coxswain.

Regatta series of boat races

A regatta is a series of boat races. The term comes from the Venetian language regata meaning "contest" and typically describes racing events of rowed or sailed water craft, although some powerboat race series are also called regattas. A regatta often includes social and promotional activities which surround the racing event, and except in the case of boat type championships, is usually named for the town or venue where the event takes place.

Contents

History

The first event was held in Lucerne, Switzerland, in 1962. [1] [2] The event then was held every four years until 1974, when it became an annual competition. Also in 1974, Men's lightweight and Women's open weight events were added to the championships. In 1985 Women's lightweight events were added to the schedule.

Lucerne Place in Switzerland

Lucerne is a city in central Switzerland, in the German-speaking portion of the country. Lucerne is the capital of the canton of Lucerne and part of the district of the same name. With a population of about 81,057 people, Lucerne is the most populous town in Central Switzerland, and a nexus of economics, transportation, culture, and media of this region. The city's urban area consists of 17 municipalities and towns located in three different cantons with an overall population of about 250,000 people.

Switzerland federal republic in Western Europe

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated in western, central and southern Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million people is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres Zürich and Geneva.

Lightweight rowing is a category of rowing where limits are placed on the maximum body weight of competitors. One might think the rationale would be that heavier people have a disadvantage but the actual rationale is that larger, taller people have a significant physical advantage and tend to dominate the sport. A lightweight category gives average sized individuals the ability to compete against their peers, but rowers who are tall and thin generally have an advantage over those who are shorter but broader. According to the International Rowing Federation (FISA), this weight category was introduced "to encourage more universality in the sport especially among nations with less statuesque people".

Since 1996, during (Summer) Olympic years, the World Rowing Junior Championships are held at the same time.

The World Rowing Junior Championships is an international rowing regatta organized by FISA. A rower or coxswain shall be classified as a Junior until 31 December of the year in which he reaches the age of 18. After that date, he shall be classified as an Under 23 rower. During Olympic years it is held at the same location as the Senior World Rowing Championships.

In 2002 adaptive rowing events were introduced for the following classes of disability: LTA (legs, trunk and arms), TA (trunk, arms), and A (arms-only). In 2009 the A category was replaced by AS (arms and shoulders), and an ID (intellectually disabled) category was added (but then removed after the 2011 Championships). From 2017 the designations AS, TA, and LTA have been changed to PR1, PR2, and PR3. [3]

Disability impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions

A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these. It substantially affects a person's life activities and may be present from birth or occur during a person's lifetime.

Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Disability is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives.

Boats

Rowing takes place in 21 different boat classes, apart from during Olympic years when only non-Olympic boat classes race. National teams generally take less interest in the non-Olympic events, as the Olympic events are considered the "premier" events.

The table below shows the boat classes, "O" indicates the boat races at both the Olympics and World Championships. "WC" indicates this is only a World Championship event. After 2007, the coxed fours (4+) no longer runs as a world championship event. Similarly after 2011 the women's coxless four was no longer included, but it was reintroduced in 2013. Lightweight men's eight was removed after 2015.

As a result of the IOC's aim for gender parity, it has been agreed that for 2020 onwards the lightweight men's coxless four will be removed from the Olympics and replaced by women's coxless four. [4]

At the 2017 FISA Ordinary Congress there were further revisions, removing M2+ and LM4- from the World Championships, and reinstating LW2-. [5]

BoatMenLwt MenWomenLwt Women
1x Single sculls OWCOWC
2x Double sculls OOOO
2- Coxless pairs OWCOWC
2+ Coxed pairs
4x Quad sculls OWCOWC
4- Coxless fours OO
4+ Coxed fours
8+ Eights OO

Venues

Ed.YearCity/TownCountryDate
1. 1962 Lucerne
Rotsee
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
2. 1966 Bled
Lake Bled
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia
3. 1970 St. Catharines
Royal Canadian Henley Rowing Course
Flag of Canada.svg  Canada
4. 1974 Lucerne
Rotsee
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
5. 1975 Nottingham
Holme Pierrepont
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
6. 1976 Villach
Lake Ossiach
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
7. 1977 Amsterdam
Bosbaan
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
8. 1978 Cambridge (openweight events)
Lake Karapiro
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
Copenhagen (lightweight events)
Lake Bagsværd
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
9. 1979 Bled
Lake Bled
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 3 – 9 September
10. 1980 Hazewinkel Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
11. 1981 Munich
Oberschleißheim
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
12. 1982 Lucerne
Rotsee
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
13. 1983 Duisburg Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
14. 1984 Montreal
Notre Dame Island
Flag of Canada.svg  Canada
15. 1985 Hazewinkel Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 26 August – 1 September
16. 1986 Nottingham
Holme Pierrepont
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 16 – 24 August
17. 1987 Copenhagen Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 29 – 30 August
18. 1988 Milan Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 6 August
19. 1989 Bled
Lake Bled
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 3 – 10 September
20. 1990 Tasmania
Lake Barrington
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 24 October – 4 November
21. 1991 Vienna Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 19 – 25 August
22. 1992 Montreal
Notre Dame Island
Flag of Canada.svg  Canada 13 – 16 August
23. 1993 Račice
Roudnice
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 8 – 9 May
24. 1994 Indianapolis
Eagle Creek Park
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 17 – 18 September
25. 1995 Tampere
Kaukajärvi
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 25 – 27 August
26. 1996 Motherwell
Strathclyde Country Park
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 5 – 11 August
27. 1997 Aiguebelette Flag of France.svg  France 31 August – 7 September
28. 1998 Cologne
Fühlingen
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 6 – 13 September
29. 1999 St. Catharines
Royal Canadian Henley Rowing Course
Flag of Canada.svg  Canada 22 – 29 August
30. 2000 Zagreb
Jarun
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 1 – 6 August
31. 2001 Lucerne
Rotsee
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 19 – 26 August
32. 2002 Seville
Guadalquivir
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 15 – 22 September
33. 2003 Milan
Idroscalo
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 24 – 31 August
34. 2004 Banyoles
Lake of Banyoles
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 27 July – 1 August
35. 2005 Kaizu, Gifu
Nagaragawa International Regatta Course
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 29 August – 4 September
36. 2006 Dorney
Dorney Lake
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 20 – 27 August
37. 2007 Munich
Oberschleißheim
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 26 August – 2 September
38. 2008 Ottensheim Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 20 – 27 July
39. 2009 Poznań
Lake Malta
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 23 – 30 August
40. 2010 Cambridge
Lake Karapiro
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 29 October – 7 November
41. 2011 Bled
Lake Bled
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 28 August – 4 September
42. 2012 Plovdiv Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 15 – 19 August
43. 2013 Chungju
Tangeum Lake
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 25 August – 1 September
44. 2014 Amsterdam
Bosbaan
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 24 – 31 August
45. 2015 Aiguebelette
Lac d'Aiguebelette
Flag of France.svg  France 30 August – 6 September
46. 2016 Rotterdam
Willem-Alexander Baan
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 21 – 28 August
47. 2017 Sarasota
Nathan Benderson Park
Flag of the United States.svg  United States

24 September – 1 October

48. 2018 Plovdiv Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 9 – 16 September
49. 2019 Ottensheim Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 25 August – 1 September
50. 2020 Bled Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 16 – 23 August
51. 2021 Shanghai Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
52. 2022 Račice Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

Multiple venues

Times hostedHost country
4 Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland, Flag of Canada.svg Canada, Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain, Flag of Germany.svg Germany
3 Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Yugoslavia, Flag of Austria.svg Austria, Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
2 Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand, Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium, Flag of Italy.svg Italy, Flag of Spain.svg Spain, Flag of France.svg France, Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria, Flag of the United States.svg United States
1 Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea, Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark, Flag of Australia.svg Australia, Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic, Flag of Finland.svg Finland, Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia, Flag of Japan.svg Japan, Flag of Poland.svg Poland, Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia

All-time medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (East Germany)944525164
2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)826453199
3Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)807269221
4Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)687255195
5Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)647185220
6Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)474237126
7Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)462926101
8Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (Soviet Union)354429108
9Flag of Romania.svg  Romania  (ROU)344540119
10Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)33263291
11Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)324528105
12Flag of Canada.svg  Canada  (CAN)293541105
13Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany  (West Germany)21232569
14Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)20383997
15Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)1671134
16Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland  (SUI)15151545
17Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)1382243
18Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)11201647
19Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)1161027
20Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland  (IRL)107724
21Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria  (BUL)9121435
22Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)881026
23Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)7151133
24Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)7101027
25Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)671629
26Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia  (CRO)65516
27Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia  (SLO)45514
28Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)43613
29Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)39618
30Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)34411
31Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania  (LTU)3227
32Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)3014
33Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)27817
34Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)24612
35Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa  (SAF)2248
36Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)171321
37Flag of Chile.svg  Chile  (CHI)1315
38Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina  (ARG)1157
39Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)1124
40Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.svg  Serbia and Montenegro  (Serbia and Montenegro)1113
41Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia  (Czechoslovakia)0111122
42Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)0213
43Flag of Israel.svg  Israel  (ISR)0202
44Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia  (EST)0167
45Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia  (SRB)0156
46Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia  (Yugoslavia)0145
47Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia  (SVK)0123
48Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey  (TUR)0022
49Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)0011
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe  (ZIM)0011
Totals (50 nations)8358398282502


Multiple medallists

AthleteNationBorn Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Tot.
Daniele Gilardoni Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1976111113
Matthew Pinsent Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 1970100212
Steve Redgrave Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 196292112
Franco Sancassani Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 197492112
Francesco Esposito Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 195591111
Giuseppe Di Capua Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 195883112
Andrea Re Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 196381211

Scull and Sweep medalists

incomplete list

  Scull and Sweep World Champions
RowerTotalScullSweepDisciplines
# of
disciplines
Med 1.png Med 2.png Med 3.png # of
disciplines
Med 1.png Med 2.png Med 3.png # of
disciplines
Med 1.png Med 2.png Med 3.png ScullSweep
Daniele Gilardoni 21311211LM4xLM8+
Katherine Grainger 583622W1x, W2x, W4xW2-, W8+
Elisabeta Lipă 5133924W1x, W2x, W4xW2-, W8+
Franco Sancassani 31211022LM4xLM2-, LM8+
Greg Searle 471136M1xM2+, M4-, M8+
Martin Sinković 372512M2x, M4xM2-
Valent Sinković 372512M2x, M4xM2-

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References

  1. The Origins of the Championships, Rowing History, Australia.
  2. Previous Venues Archived 11 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine ., 2010 World Rowing Championships, New Zealand.
  3. "Summary of proposed changes to the FISA Rules of Racing, related Bye-Laws and Event Regulations" (PDF). FISA . Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  4. "2017 FISA Extraordinary Congress concludes". FISA. 11 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  5. "Rule 36 – World Rowing Championship Programmes" (PDF). FISA. 2 October 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  6. Medal table