|ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships|
|Frequency||Annual, except for Olympic years|
|Location(s)||Varies (see Host cities in prose)|
|Previous event||2018 ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships|
|Next event||2019 ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships|
|Participants||Men and women|
|Organised by||International Canoe Federation|
The ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships are an international event in canoeing organized by the International Canoe Federation. The World Championships have taken place every year in non-Summer Olympic years since 2002. From 1949 to 1999, they had taken place in odd-numbered years. The 2001 championships were scheduled to take place in Ducktown, Tennessee (East of Chattanooga) from 20 to 23 September, but were canceled in the wake of the September 11 attacks.
Canoeing is an activity which involves paddling a canoe with a single-bladed paddle. Common meanings of the term are limited to when the canoeing is the central purpose of the activity. Broader meanings include when it is combined with other activities such as canoe camping, or where canoeing is merely a transportation method used to accomplish other activities. Most present-day canoeing is done as or as a part of a sport or recreational activity. In some parts of Europe canoeing refers to both canoeing and kayaking, with a canoe being called an open canoe.
The International Canoe Federation (ICF) is the umbrella organization of all national canoe organizations worldwide. It is headquartered in Lausanne, Switzerland, and administers all aspects of canoe sport worldwide. 157 countries are affiliated with the ICF after seven national federations were added at the 2008 ICF Congress in Rome.
Ducktown is a city in Polk County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 427 at the 2000 census and 475 at the 2010 census. It is included in the Cleveland Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Men race in single kayaks (K1) and single canoes (C1) both individually and in teams. Women race in K1 both individually and in teams and since the 2010 championships also in C1 individually. A team event was scheduled for those championships, but it was canceled because of weather conditions. The first women's C1 team event took place at the 2011 world championships, but no medals were awarded. The first medals in this event were awarded in 2013.
A kayak is a small, narrow watercraft which is typically propelled by means of a double-bladed paddle. The word kayak originates from the Greenlandic word qajaq.
The 2010 ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships were held 8–12 September 2010 at Tacen Whitewater Course, Slovenia under the auspices of International Canoe Federation for the record-tying third time. It was the 33rd edition. Tacen hosted the event previously in 1955 and 1991 when it was part of Yugoslavia, and joins the following cities that have hosted the event three times: Spittal, Austria ; Meran, Italy ; Bourg St.-Maurice, France ; and Augsburg, Germany. Women's single canoe (C1W) events became a medal event after being an exhibition in the previous championships.
The men's C2 event was removed from the World Championships before the 2018 edition.The mixed C2 event was reinstated in 2017 after a 36-year hiatus. The extreme K1 events for men and women were first introduced in 2017.
|8||1963||Spittal an der Drau||9|
|9||1965||Spittal an der Drau||10|
|15||1977||Spittal an der Drau||9|
|21||1989||Savage River, Maryland (near Pittsburgh)||8|
|26||1999||La Seu d'Urgell||8|
|29||2005||Penrith, New South Wales||7|
|31||2007||Foz do Iguaçu||8|
|32||2009||La Seu d'Urgell||8|
|36||2014||Deep Creek Lake, Maryland (near Pittsburgh)||9|
|39||2018||Rio de Janeiro||11|
|40||2019||La Seu d'Urgell||9|
|2019||Prague (Extreme Canoe Slalom)||2|
Top 10 male and female paddlers with the best medal record including the team events are listed below. Boldface denotes active paddlers and the highest number of medals per type, as of the 2019 championships.
|1||Michal Martikán||C1, C1 team||1995||2019||15||3||5||23|
|2||Jon Lugbill||C1, C1 team||1979||1991||12||1||0||13|
|3||Alexander Slafkovský||C1, C1 team||2003||2019||10||2||0||12|
|4||Richard Fox||K1, K1 team||1979||1993||10||0||1||11|
|5||Matej Beňuš||C1, C1 team||2009||2019||9||0||1||10|
|6||David Hearn||C1, C1 team||1979||1995||8||5||0||13|
|7||Fabien Lefèvre||C1, C2, K1, C2 team, K1 team||2002||2014||7||5||2||14|
|8||Manfred Merkel||C2, Mixed C2, C2 team||1959||1967||7||0||0||7|
|9||Pavol Hochschorner||C2, C2 team||1999||2014||6||4||4||14|
|Peter Hochschorner||C2, C2 team||1999||2014||6||4||4||14|
|1||Jessica Fox||C1, K1, C1 team, K1 team||2010||2019||10||3||2||15|
|2||Myriam Fox-Jerusalmi||K1, K1 team||1983||1995||8||2||0||10|
|3||Štěpánka Hilgertová||K1, K1 team||1989||2015||7||5||2||14|
|4||Ludmila Polesná||K1, K1 team||1961||1975||4||5||2||11|
|5||Mallory Franklin||C1, K1, C1 team, K1 team||2013||2019||4||4||1||9|
|6||Ursula Gläser||K1, K1 team||1959||1965||4||1||0||5|
|7||Jana Dukátová||C1, K1, K1 team||2006||2017||3||4||1||8|
|8||Ulrike Deppe||K1, K1 team||1969||1981||3||4||0||7|
|Irena Pavelková||K1 team||2002||2011||3||4||0||7|
|10||Jasmin Schornberg||K1, K1 team||2006||2018||3||3||4||10|
Top 10 male and female paddlers with the best medal record excluding the team events are listed below. Boldface denotes active paddlers and the highest number of medals per type. As of the 2019 championships.
|6||Manfred Merkel||C2, Mixed C2||1959||1965||4||0||0||4|
|7||Fabien Lefèvre||C1, C2, K1||2002||2014||3||3||1||7|
|10||Günther Merkel||C2, Mixed C2||1959||1965||3||1||0||4|
|1||Jessica Fox||C1, K1||2010||2019||7||2||1||10|
|3||Jana Dukátová||C1, K1||2006||2017||2||3||0||5|
|8||Marietta Gillman||Mixed C2||1975||1977||2||0||0||2|
|10||Mallory Franklin||C1, K1||2013||2018||1||4||0||5|
As of the 2019 Championships.
|Totals (25 nations)||352||349||343||1044|
Canoe slalom is a competitive sport with the aim to navigate a decked canoe or kayak through a course of hanging downstream or upstream gates on river rapids in the fastest time possible. It is one of the two kayak and canoeing disciplines at the Summer Olympics, and is referred to by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as Canoe/Kayak Slalom. The other Olympic canoeing discipline is canoe sprint. Wildwater canoeing is a non-Olympic paddlesport.
The ICF Canoe Slalom World Cup is an annual series of races in canoe slalom held under the auspices of the International Canoe Federation. It has been held since 1988 in four canoe and kayak disciplines for men and women. The four original disciplines were men's single canoe (C1), men's double canoe (C2), men's kayak (K1) and women's kayak. A women's single canoe discipline (C1) has been added to the world cup in 2010. The men's C2 event was removed from the world cup series in 2018 and it was replaced by the mixed C2 event. 2018 was also the first time that world cup points were awarded for the extreme K1 event.
Canoeing and kayaking have been featured as competition sports in the Summer Olympic Games since the 1936 Games in Berlin, although they were demonstration sports at the 1924 Games in Paris. There are two disciplines of canoeing in Olympic competition: slalom and sprint.
Michal Martikán is a Slovak slalom canoeist who has been competing at the international level since 1994. In 1996 he became the first athlete to win an Olympic gold medal for Slovakia since the country gained independence in 1993. In total he won 5 Olympic medals, which is the most among all slalom paddlers. He has also won the World Championship title in the C1 individual category four times. He is considered by many the greatest C1 slalom paddler alive.
The ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships are an international event in canoeing, one of two Summer Olympic sport events organized by the International Canoe Federation. The World Championships have taken place every non-Olympic year since 1970 and officially included paracanoe events since 2010; since 2012, paracanoe-specific editions of this event have been held in Summer Paralympic years.
Štěpánka Hilgertová is a former Czechoslovak-Czech slalom canoeist who competed at the international level from 1988 to 2017. Competing in six Summer Olympics, she won two gold medals in the K1 event, earning them in 1996 and 2000.
The 1975 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Belgrade, Yugoslavia for the second time, having hosted them in 1971. This also equaled the most times a city had done so with Copenhagen, Denmark.
The 1989 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
The 2009 International Canoe Federation (ICF) Canoe Sprint World Championships were held 12–16 August 2009 in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada, on Lake Banook. The Canadian city was selected to host the championships in October 2003 after having done so previously in 1997. Final preparations were made after the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, with competition format changed for the first time since the 2001 championships. Four exhibition events for both paddleability and women's canoe were added. Sponsorship was local within the province of Nova Scotia and the Halifax Regional Municipality. Media coverage was provided from Canada, Europe and the United States on the Internet, television and mobile phone. 669 canoeists from 68 nations participated at the championships themselves.
The 2010 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held 19–22 August 2010 in Poznań, Poland, on Lake Malta. This is the third time that the Polish city will host the championships, having done so previously in 1990 and 2001. Paracanoe and the women's C-1 200 m events that were exhibition events at the previous world championships in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada, became official events at these championships.
The 1994 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships were held in Mexico City, Mexico for the second time at neighboring Xochimilco. The Mexican city had hosted the event previously in 1974 at the same venue that hosted the canoeing and rowing competitions for the 1968 Summer Olympics.
Alexander Grimm is a German slalom canoeist who has competed at the international level since 2002.
Fabien Lefèvre is a French slalom canoeist who has competed at the international level since 1998]. As a permanent resident of the United States, he has competed for his country of residence since 2013. He represented France until 2011. He won two medals at the Summer Olympics in the K1 event with a silver in 2008 and a bronze in 2004. He has a son called Noe Lefèvre.
The 1965 ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships were held in Spittal an der Drau, Austria under the auspices of International Canoe Federation for the second time in a row after hosting the event previously in 1963. It was the 9th edition. It also marked some changes in which the folding kayak events were replaced by standard kayaks for the men's and women's events. Additionally, the mixed C2 team event returned for the first time since 1957.
Jessica Esther "Jess" Fox is a French-born, Australian world champion slalom canoeist who has competed at the international level since 2008.
The following outline is provided as an overview of canoeing and kayaking:
The 2010 Canoe Slalom World Cup was a series of five races in 5 canoeing and kayaking categories organized by the International Canoe Federation (ICF). It was the 23rd edition and it marked the first time that women competed for the single canoe world cup points and title. The series consisted of 2 continental championships which were open to all countries and 3 world cup races. The athletes gained points for their results in the three world cup races plus their best result from any of the two continental championships.
The 2017 ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships was the 38th edition of the ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships. The event took place from 22 September to 1 October 2017 in Pau, France under the auspices of International Canoe Federation (ICF) at the Pau-Pyrénées Whitewater Stadium. Pau was also hosting the Wildwater canoeing world championships as part of the same event.
Paracanoe is canoeing for athletes with a range of physical disabilities. The Paralympic version of the sport is governed by the International Canoe Federation (ICF), and a va'a-specific variant is governed by the International Va'a Federation (IVF).
The 2018 ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships were the 39th edition of the ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships. The event took place from 25 to 30 September 2018 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil under the auspices of International Canoe Federation (ICF). The competitions were held at the Deodoro Olympic Whitewater Stadium which had also hosted the canoe slalom events of the 2016 Summer Olympics.
The 2018 Canoe Slalom World Cup was a series of five races in 5 canoeing and kayaking categories organized by the International Canoe Federation (ICF). It was the 31st edition. The men's C2 event was removed from the World Cup program before the start of the season by the ICF and was replaced by the mixed C2 event. This was the first season when points were awarded also for the Extreme K1 events.