WTBA World Tenpin Bowling Championships

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The World Tenpin Bowling Championships is a global event that invites all countries that are members of World Bowling to participate.

Contents

Event details and history

The first World Championships was in 1954, held in Helsinki where 58 men from 7 federations took part. The next three World Championships (1955, 1958, and 1960) only had men participating. Women first participated in the 1963 World Championships in Mexico City. From 1963 to 2003, the World Championships were conducted every fourth year. From 2005 to 2013, to accommodate the growing number of federations taking part in the World Championships, the World Championships was split into separate events for men and women. Men had their World Championships in 2006, 2008, 2010, and 2013; while the women had their World Championships in 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011. In 2009, it was decided to re-introduce the World Championships (Men/Women Combined), to be held every fourth year with 36 countries for men and 36 countries for women. 2013 was the first combined World Championships since 2003. [1]

Format

The format for the championships has changed many times throughout its history. In the early years of the championships, men competed in four different categories: Doubles, 4-man team, 8-man team and masters. Up until 1963 women did not participate in the event. The first year that women did take part, they competed in 4 different categories, doubles, four-person team (European Style), four-person team (American Style) and masters. This is the only time the "European Style" has been used in the championships. In the following championships the European style four-person team was replaced with the five-person team event (American Style) and was used until 1979. Since 1979 both men and women have competed in the same events that are used in the championships today (Singles, Doubles, Trios, Five-person team event, and Masters). After the conclusion of these events, the all-events medals are presented to the top three bowlers (men/women) who have accumulated the most pinfall over the 24 games. [1]

The medalists for these events except the Masters from 1979 to 2007 were determined by total pinfall. Beginning in 2008, a medal round was introduced for singles, doubles, trios, and 5 five person team event. The Medal round consisted of the top four qualifiers playing a knockout format to determine the medalists (1 vs 4 and 2 vs 3, winners of those matches face each other in the final). Beginning in 2017, the five-person team event was modified. Qualifying was still all five players bowl ten frames each with their scores added together to determine the overall score. In the medal round, the five players bowl a best of 3 baker format, where players bowl in order one frame each (frames 1-5) and repeat the order from frames 6-10.

The masters event has only recently changed with the onset of the championships splitting into 2 different events. Up until 2005 the top 16 would bowl a 16-game Round Robin with the top 3 bowlers after the 16 games advancing through to a stepladder final. From 2005 to 2011, the masters was played using the matchplay style, best of 5 format. From 2013-2015, the top 24 men and women in All-Events advanced to the Masters event. All players will bowl six games with the All-Events total carried forward. The top 8 after 30 games advance to seven games of round robin match play, where 20 bonus points are awarded for a won match and 10 bonus points for a tied match. The top 4 advance to the semifinals, which is a one-game match, 1 vs 4 and 2 vs 3. The semifinal losers will earn a bronze medal. The semifinal winners advance to a one-game final match to determine gold and silver medals. In 2017, the masters format (still consisting of top 24 men and women) reverted to matchplay style, best of 3.

Dual pattern format

In 2005 the World Championships adopted the "dual pattern format" lane conditions. The two patterns are chosen from a bank of oil patterns certified by World Bowling. These oil patterns are classified as "short", "medium", and "long". Each bowler at the championships will bowl an equal amount of games on the 2 patterns. In the masters, each match is played on alternating lane patterns with the highest seed having the choice of which pattern to start on.

The concept of having two different lane patterns is to force the bowlers to be more versatile in the championships. The two different lane patterns force the bowlers to attack each pattern from different angles, using different styles of play, such as ball speed, hand position and ball choice. It has been argued that in previous championships around the world, using 1 pattern for the whole event would suit certain bowlers over others, which was deemed as being unfair. It was agreed that having 2 different lane conditions would be a fairer way of determining the best bowlers at the championships. Many other championships around the world have also adopted this format, such as the Men's and Women's European Championships, the Asian Games, the World Ranking Masters, The Commonwealth Championships and the Asian Championships. World Bowling announced in December 2015 only one lane pattern will be used for the entirety of future World Championships, ending the dual pattern format. [2]

Championships

World Bowling Executive Board have awarded the 2021 Combined World Championships hosting rights to Kuwait. Hong Kong will host the Men's World Championships in 2018, and Las Vegas will host the Women's World Championships in 2019. [3]

A new event, WTBA World Singles Championships for men and women, was held for the first time in Limassol, Cyprus from September 18–26, 2012, and will be held subsequently every four years. With this new event, WTBA will stage a World Championship event every year.

NumberYearCityCountryWomenMenTotalEvents
1 1954 Helsinki   Finland -58584
2 1955 Essen   West Germany -64644
3 1958 Helsingborg   Sweden -99994
4 1960 Hamburg   West Germany -1021024
5 1963 Mexico City   Mexico 451321778
6 1967 Malmö   Sweden 841612258
7 1971 Milwaukee   United States 1032683718
8 1975 London   England 1522714238
9 1979 Manila   Philippines 14617532112
10 1983 Caracas   Venezuela 17520638112
11 1987 Helsinki   Finland 19623042612
12 1991 Singapore   Singapore 19628047612
13 1995 Reno   United States 25335861112
14 1999 Abu Dhabi   United Arab Emirates 25534560012
15 2003 Kuala Lumpur   Malaysia 23434858212
16 2005 Aalborg   Denmark 216-2166
17 2006 Busan   South Korea -2472476
18 2007 Monterrey   Mexico 227-2276
19 2008 Bangkok   Thailand -3333336
20 2009 Las Vegas   United States 228-2286
21 2010 Munich   Germany -3563566
22 2011 Hong Kong   Hong Kong 171-1716
23 2013 Henderson   United States 21221642812
24 2014 Abu Dhabi   United Arab Emirates -2722726
25 2015 Abu Dhabi   United Arab Emirates 147-1476
26 2017 Las Vegas   United States 17621338912
27 2018 Hong Kong   Hong Kong 2652656
28 2019 Las Vegas   United States -
29 2021 Kuwait City   Kuwait --

Medal history [4]

Women's medal table

As 2017

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States  (USA)27252577
2  South Korea  (KOR)1681337
3  Sweden  (SWE)612826
4  Philippines  (PHI)63211
5  Malaysia  (MAS)58316
6  Japan  (JPN)54514
7  Australia  (AUS)46818
8  Germany  (GER)46616
9  Finland  (FIN)46515
10  Mexico  (MEX)44412
11  Chinese Taipei  (TPE)42410
12  Canada  (CAN)3407
13  Denmark  (DEN)32914
14  England  (ENG)3159
15  Colombia  (COL)2248
16  Singapore  (SIN)18716
17  China  (CHN)1102
18  Puerto Rico  (PUR)1023
19  Thailand  (THA)1012
20  Venezuela  (VEN)0044
21  Hong Kong  (HKG)0022
  Indonesia  (INA)0022
23  Austria  (AUT)0011
  Belgium  (BEL)0011
  France  (FRA)0011
  Latvia  (LAT)0011
  South Africa  (SAF)0011
Totals (27 nations)100102124326


Men's medal table

As 2018

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States  (USA)32262381
2  Sweden  (SWE)19121243
3  Finland  (FIN)11171644
4  South Korea  (KOR)871732
5  Chinese Taipei  (TPE)55212
6  Canada  (CAN)54615
7  England  (ENG)52411
8  Australia  (AUS)51612
9  Netherlands  (NED)42511
10  Mexico  (MEX)37717
11  Malaysia  (MAS)3227
12  Germany  (GER)25916
13  Philippines  (PHI)2316
14  Belgium  (BEL)2305
15  Singapore  (SIN)2215
16  Venezuela  (VEN)13610
17  Norway  (NOR)1348
18  Colombia  (COL)1146
  France  (FRA)1146
20  Denmark  (DEN)1135
21  Puerto Rico  (PUR)1113
22  Hong Kong  (HKG)1102
23  Italy  (ITA)1012
  Qatar  (QAT)1012
25  Japan  (JPN)06410
26  United Arab Emirates  (UAE)0134
27  Indonesia  (INA)0101
28  Guam  (GUM)0011
  Ireland  (IRL)0011
  Kuwait  (KUW)0011
Totals (30 nations)117117145379

Total medal table

As 2018

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States  (USA)595148158
2  Sweden  (SWE)25242069
3  South Korea  (KOR)24153069
4  Finland  (FIN)15232159
5  Australia  (AUS)971430
6  Chinese Taipei  (TPE)97622
7  Malaysia  (MAS)810523
8  Canada  (CAN)87621
9  Philippines  (PHI)86317
10  England  (ENG)83920
11  Mexico  (MEX)7111129
12  Germany  (GER)6121533
13  Japan  (JPN)510924
14  Denmark  (DEN)431219
15  Netherlands  (NED)42511
16  Singapore  (SIN)310821
17  Colombia  (COL)33814
18  Belgium  (BEL)2316
19  Puerto Rico  (PUR)2136
20  Venezuela  (VEN)131014
21  Norway  (NOR)1348
22  France  (FRA)1157
23  Hong Kong  (HKG)1124
24  China  (CHN)1102
25  Italy  (ITA)1012
  Qatar  (QAT)1012
  Thailand  (THA)1012
28  United Arab Emirates  (UAE)0134
29  Indonesia  (INA)0123
30  Austria  (AUT)0011
  Guam  (GUM)0011
  Ireland  (IRL)0011
  Kuwait  (KUW)0011
  Latvia  (LAT)0011
  South Africa  (SAF)0011
Totals (35 nations)217219269705

Medal winners

Please see List of WTBA World Tenpin Bowling Championships medalists.


World Championship Records

Men

CategoryRecordPlayerCountryEventYear/Venue
Individual Records
Individual Game 300 Rick Steelsmith  United States Trios1987, Helsinki, Finland Finland
Rolando Sebelen Sr.  Dominican Republic Doubles1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Steve Thornton  England Doubles
Andrés Gomez   Colombia Doubles
Ahmed Shaheen  Qatar Trios
Amedeo Spada  Italy Singles2003, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Malaysia
Anders Öhman  Sweden Doubles
Darren Cundy  England Team
Kimmo Lehtonen  Finland (Make-up) Team
Martin Larsen  Sweden Round Robin
Antonis Evaggelidis  Greece Trios2006, Busan, South Korea South Korea
Bill Hoffman   United States Team
Biboy Rivera   Philippines Masters Final
Pasi Uotila   Finland Singles2010, Munich, Germany Germany
Chris Barnes   United States Singles
Bodo Konieczny  Germany Singles2013, Henderson, United States United States
Luis Eduardo Rovaina  Venezuela Singles
Bill O'Neill   United States Singles
Chris Barnes   United States Doubles
Park Jong-Woo  South Korea Doubles
Tore Torgersen   Norway Trios
Achim Grabowski   Germany Team
Hareb Al-Mansoori  UAE Team
Ricardo Lecuona  Mexico Team
Wu Hao-Ming  Chinese Taipei Singles2017, Las Vegas, United States United States
Andrew Anderson   United States Singles2018, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Fabian Kloos  Germany Doubles
Individual 3 Game Series826Kimmo Lehtonen  Finland Singles1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Individual 6 Game Series1541 Jason Belmonte   Australia Doubles2006, Busan, South Korea South Korea
Individual 24 Game All-Events5635 Tore Torgersen   Norway 1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Singles Records
Singles - 1 Game 300 Amedeo Spada  Italy 2003, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Malaysia
Pasi Uotila  Finland 2010, Munich, Germany Germany
Chris Barnes   United States
Bodo Konieczny  Germany 2013, Henderson, Nevada, United States United States
Luis Eduardo Rovaina  Venezuela
Bill O'Neill   United States
Wu Hao-Ming  Chinese Taipei 2017, Las Vegas, United States United States
Andrew Anderson   United States 2018, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Singles - 3 Games826Kimmo Lehtonen  Finland 1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Singles - 6 Games1524 Remy Ong   Singapore 2006, Busan, South Korea South Korea
Doubles Records
Doubles - 1 Game599 Jaime Monroy
Andrés Gomez
  Colombia 1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Doubles - 3 Games1514 Tomas Leandersson
Anders Öhman
  Sweden 2003, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Malaysia
Doubles - 6 Games2906 Tomas Leandersson
Anders Öhman
  Sweden 2003, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Malaysia
Trios Records
Trios - 1 Game778Antti-Pekka Lax
Lasse Lintilä
Ari Halme
  Finland 1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Trios - 3 Games2196 Bill O'Neill
Chris Barnes
Tommy Jones
  United States 2010, Munich, Germany Germany
Trios - 6 Games4144 Mike Fagan
Sean Rash
Marshall Kent
  United States 2014, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Team Records
Team - 1 Game1309 Mario Quintero
Luis Kassian
Ricardo Lecuona
Roberto Silva
Alejandro Cruz
  Mexico 2013, Henderson, Nevada, United States United States
Team - 3 Games3563 Park Jong-Woo
Choi Bok-Eum
Hong Hae-Sol
Shin Seungh-Yeon
Kim Kyung-Min
  South Korea 2014, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Team - 6 Games6917 Park Jong-Woo
Kang Hee-Won
Choi Bok-Eum
Hong Hae-Sol
Shin Seungh-Yeon
Kim Kyung-Min
  South Korea 2014, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates

Women

CategoryRecordPlayerCountryEventYear/Venue
Individual Records
Individual Game 300 Cha Mi-Jung   South Korea Trios1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Kim Yeau-Jin   South Korea Doubles2007, Monterrey, Mexico Mexico
Kirsten Penny   England Team
María Rodríguez   Colombia Doubles2009, Las Vegas, United States United States
Kelly Kulick   United States Singles2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Caroline Lagrange   Canada Trios
Shannon O'Keefe   United States Trios
Britt Brøndsted   Denmark Team
Shayna Ng   Singapore Masters 1st Round
Shannon Pluhowsky   United States Masters Finals
Kelly Kulick   United States Doubles Semifinals2013, Henderson, United States United States
Joan Gonzalez   Venezuela Doubles2015, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Karen Marcano   Venezuela Team
Liz Johnson   United States Team Finals
Masters Step 2
Danielle McEwan   United States Masters Step 2
Individual 3 Game Series812 Jacqueline Sijore   Malaysia Singles2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Individual 6 Game Series1601 Shayna Ng   Singapore Singles2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Individual 24 Game All-Events5744 Mai Ginge Jensen   Denmark 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Singles Records
Singles - 1 Game300 Kelly Kulick   United States 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Singles - 3 Games812 Jacqueline Sijore   Malaysia 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Singles - 6 Games1601 Shayna Ng   Singapore 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Doubles Records
Doubles - 1 Game556 Carolyn Dorin-Ballard
Kelly Kulick
  United States 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Doubles - 3 Games1536 Carolyn Dorin-Ballard
Kelly Kulick
  United States 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Doubles - 6 Games2901 Carolyn Dorin-Ballard
Kelly Kulick
  United States 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Trios Records
Trios - 1 Game802 Stefanie Nation
Shannon Pluhowsky
Shannon O'Keefe
  United States 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Trios - 3 Games2165 Esther Cheah
Zandra Aziela
Jacqueline Sijore
  Malaysia 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Trios - 6 Games4232 Hwang Sun-Ok
Jeon Eun-Hee
Son Yun-Hee
  South Korea 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Team Records
Team - 1 Game1262 Nadine Geisler
Vanessa Timter
Juliane Rieger
Birgit Pöppler
Patricia Luoto
  Germany 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Team - 3 Games3491 Stefanie Nation
Missy Parkin
Shannon O'Keefe
Kelly Kulick
Liz Johnson
  United States 2013, Henderson, United States United States
Jeon Eun-Hee
Son Hye-Rin
Kim Jin-Sun
Jung Da-Wun
Baek Seung-Ja
  South Korea 2015, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Team - 6 Games6750 Nadine Geisler
Vanessa Timter
Juliane Rieger
Janine Ribguth
Birgit Pöppler
Patricia Luoto
  Germany 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China

See also

References

  1. 1 2 "World Championships, A Historical Review". European Tenpin Bowling Federation.
  2. "Last World Tenpin Bowling Association Congress approves several rules changes". Bowlingdigital. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  3. Upcoming World Bowling Events, etbf.eu; accessed September 14, 2017.
  4. "Medal History". European Tenpin Bowling Federation. Retrieved 12 December 2017.