Freestyle skiing at the Winter Olympics

Last updated
Freestyle skiing at the Winter Olympics
Freestyle skiing pictogram.svg
Governing body FIS
Events13 (men: 6; women: 6; mixed: 1)
Games
  • 1924
  • 1928
  • 1932
  • 1936
  • 1948
  • 1952
  • 1956
  • 1960
  • 1964
  • 1968
  • 1972
  • 1976
Note: demonstration or exhibition sport years indicated in italics

Freestyle skiing has been contested at the Winter Olympic Games since the 1992 Winter Games in Albertville, France.

Contents

Summary

GamesYearEventsBest Nation
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15 1988 6Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
GamesYearEventsBest Nation
16 1992 2Flag of France.svg  France
17 1994 4Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
18 1998 4Flag of the United States.svg  United States
19 2002 4Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
20 2006 4Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
21 2010 6Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
22 2014 10Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
23 2018 10Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
24 2022 13

History

Freestyle skiing was a demonstration sport at the 1988 Winter Olympics, with moguls, aerials, and ballet events. Moguls became an official medal sport at the 1992 games, while aerials and ballet were still demonstration events. At the 1994 games, aerials also became an official medal event and the ski ballet competition was dropped. For the 2010 Winter Olympics, ski cross was added to the program while for the 2014 Winter Olympics half-pipe and slopestyle were added. [1]

Alexandre Bilodeau became the first freestyle skiing gold medalist to defend his Olympic title, and first repeat gold medalist, winning the men's moguls at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics, having previously won the same event at the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics. [2]

Events

Men's

= official event, (d) = demonstration event

Event2428323648525660646872768084 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 22 Years
Moguls (d) 9
Aerials (d) (d) 8
Ski cross 4
Half-pipe 3
Slopestyle 3
Big air 1
Ballet (d) (d)        
Total events3322223556

Women's

Event2428323648525660646872768084 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 22 Years
Moguls (d) 9
Aerials (d) (d) 8
Ski cross 4
Half-pipe 3
Slopestyle 3
Big air 1
Ballet (d) (d)        
Total events3322223556

Mixed

Event2428323648525660646872768084 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 22 Years
Team Aerials 1
Total events1

Medal table

Updated after the last freestyle event of the 2018 Winter Olympics.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)129425
2Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)99725
3Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  (SUI)4228
4Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)4127
5Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)35614
6Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)3328
7Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)3249
8Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)16411
9Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)1214
10Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)1034
11Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)1001
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)1001
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan  (UZB)1001
14Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)0134
15Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)0112
16Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)0101
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)0101
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team  (EUN)0101
19Olympic flag.svg  Olympic Athletes from Russia  (OAR)0022
20Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)0011
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)0011
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)0011
Totals (22 nations)444444132

Number of athletes by nation

Nation2428323648525660646872768084 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 Years
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina  (ARG)               1113
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia  (ARM)               11
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)               255791121168
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)               1211911127
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)               46566667
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)               11
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)               11
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands  (IVB)               11
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)               7111214141826308
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile  (CHI)               222
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)               257889157
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)               1237616
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)               11114
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)               434444938
Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)               687651121208
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)               453251097
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)               533336117
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)               11
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland  (IRL)               11
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)               662161448
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)               11
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)               137891010118
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)               12135897
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia  (LAT)               11
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)               11
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)               11
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)               21894
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)               2423261188
Olympic flag.svg  Olympic Athletes from Russia  (OAR)               221
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay  (PAR)               11
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)               1113
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)               11
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico  (PUR)               21
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania  (ROU)               11
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)               69121312266
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia  (SVK)               21
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia  (SLO)               21123117
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea  (KOR)               11594
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)               221115
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)               48844811148
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  (SUI)               564641424228
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)               37376737
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team  (EUN)               81
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)               8121414141826308
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan  (UZB)               312
Nations1821252122303028
Athletes7197110104119172276273
Year2428323648525660646872768084 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18

See also

Related Research Articles

Skiing Recreational activity and sport using skis

Skiing is a means of transport using skis to glide on snow. Variations of purpose include basic transport, a recreational activity, or a competitive winter sport. Many types of competitive skiing events are recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), and the International Ski Federation (FIS).

Freestyle skiing is a skiing discipline comprising aerials, moguls, cross, half-pipe, slopestyle and big air as part of the Winter Olympics. It can consist of a skier performing aerial flips and spins, and can include skiers sliding rails and boxes on their skis. Known as "hot-dogging" in the early 1970s, it is also commonly referred to as freeskiing, jibbing, as well as many other names around the world.

1992 Winter Olympics 16th edition of Winter Olympics, held in Albertville (France) in 1992

The 1992 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVI Olympic Winter Games and commonly known as Albertville '92, was a winter multi-sport event held from 8 to 23 February 1992 in and around Albertville, France. Albertville won the bid to host the Winter Olympics in 1986, beating Sofia, Falun, Lillehammer, Cortina d'Ampezzo, Anchorage, and Berchtesgaden. The 1992 Games were the last year the Winter Olympics were held in the same year as the Summer Olympics. The Games were the fifth Olympic Games held in France and the country's third Winter Olympics, after the 1924 Winter Games in Chamonix and the 1968 Winter Games in Grenoble.

Ski cross Type of skiing competition

Ski cross is a type of skiing competition. Despite its being a timed racing event, it is often considered part of freestyle skiing, because it incorporates terrain features traditionally found in freestyle, as courses include big-air jumps and high-banked turns. What sets ski cross apart from other alpine skiing disciplines is that there is more than one skier racing down the course. Any intentional contact with other competitors leads to disqualification.

Slopestyle Winter downhill sport discipline

Slopestyle is a winter sport in which athletes ski or snowboard down a course including a variety of obstacles including rails, jumps and other terrain park features. Points are scored for amplitude, originality and quality of tricks. The discipline has its roots in action sports like skateboarding and BMX and has very successfully crossed over into the snow sports worlds of skiing and snowboarding. Skiers use Twin-tip skis for their symmetry since they often go large portions of the course backward and for their balanced weight so as to not destabilize spins. Slopestyle tricks fall mainly into four categories: spins, grinds, grabs and flips, and most tricks done in competition are a combination of these.

Mogul skiing Discipline of freestyle skiing

Mogul skiing is a freestyle skiing competition consisting of one timed run of free skiing on a steep, heavily moguled course, stressing technical turns, aerial maneuvers and speed. Internationally, the sport is contested at the FIS Freestyle World Ski Championships, and at the Winter Olympic Games.

The FIS Freestyle World Ski Championships is the world championship organized by the FIS for freestyle skiing. It was first organized in 1986 and is now held every odd year. Currently, the events included in the world championships are Moguls, Dual Moguls, Aerials, Ski cross, Slopestyle and Half-pipe. Formerly, Acroski and a combined event were held.

Outline of skiing Overview of and topical guide to skiing

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Alexandre Bilodeau Canadian freestyle skier

Alexandre Bilodeau is a Canadian retired freestyle skier from Rosemere, Quebec, Bilodeau currently resides in Montreal, Quebec. Bilodeau won a gold medal in the men's moguls at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, becoming the first Canadian to win a gold medal at an Olympic Games held in Canada. At the 2014 Winter Olympics, he became the first Olympian in history to defend his gold medal in any freestyle skiing event as well as the first Canadian to defend an individual title since Catriona Le May Doan at the 2002 Winter Olympics. Bilodeau is a three-time FIS World Champion in dual moguls, and is also a two-time Worlds silver medallist in moguls. He was the FIS World Cup champion for the 2008–09 season winning the moguls and overall freestyle skiing title that season. In his final World Cup race, he retired with a win, and in doing so, surpassed Jean-Luc Brassard for the most World Cup medals by a Canadian.

Mikaël Kingsbury Canadian freestyle skier

Mikaël Kingsbury is a Canadian freestyle skier and is the most accomplished mogul skier of all time. He achieved eminence early in his career after earning the 2009–10 FIS World Cup Rookie of the Year award. He is the seven-time reigning FIS Freestyle World Cup title-holder for both moguls and overall freestyle, owning the records for most men's Moguls World Cup titles and Overall Freestyle World Cup titles. He also owns the records for career World Cup moguls victories with 53, and consecutive Freestyle World Cup event wins with 13. He is the first man to have won both the moguls and dual moguls World Championship events, and has won the most medals at the Freestyle World Championships of any male competitor in history, having won a medal in 9 of the 10 events he has competed in. Kingsbury won the Olympic silver medal in 2014, and, at the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics, he won the gold medal as Olympic champion of men's moguls.

Justine Dufour-Lapointe Canadian freestyle skier

Justine Dufour-Lapointe is a Canadian freestyle skier. She was the Olympic champion in the moguls event at the 2014 Winter Olympics and won a silver medal in moguls at the 2018 Winter Olympics. The gold and silver she and her sister Chloe Dufour-Lapointe won in 2014 was the first time that Canadian sisters stood together on the podium, and the fourth time ever by all nations. In winning the Olympics, she became the youngest freestyle skiing Olympic champion ever at nineteen years of age. Dufour-Lapointe was the FIS World Cup rookie of the year for the 2010–11 season. Dufour-Lapointe was the world champion in moguls at the 2015 World Championships has also won a silver and two other bronze medals in the moguls event at the Freestyle World Ski Championships.

Anna Segal is an Australian Olympic freestyle slopestyle skier and two-time world champion.

David Wise is an American freestyle skier. He is a two-time Olympic gold medalist and a four-time X Games Gold Medalist. In 2014, Wise won his third consecutive gold medal at X Games XVIII in Aspen, Colorado, before heading to Sochi for the 2014 Winter Olympics. There, he became the first Olympic gold medalist in the Men's Freeski Halfpipe, which debuted in the Winter Games that year. In 2018, after struggling both personally and professionally since his win in Sochi, Wise won his fourth gold medal at the X Games just before he left for PyeongChang to defend his Olympic title. After a sub-par qualifying competition that placed him in the fifth drop-in position for the finals, Wise failed to complete each of his first two runs due, in both cases, to a binding malfunction. On his third and final run, Wise completed a career-best run to take the gold medal, the second Olympic gold medal of his career, with a score of 97.20.

Half-pipe skiing

Half-pipe skiing is the sport of riding snow skis on a half-pipe. Competitors perform a series of tricks while going down the pipe. The current world record for highest jump in a half-pipe is held by Joffrey Pollet-Villard, with 26 feet 3 inches. The sport is considered to be dangerous compared to other sports, and helmets are required to be worn during competitions. Half-pipe skiing has been part of the Winter X Games since 2002, and made its Olympic debut at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. David Wise of the United States of America became the first Olympic champion in this discipline with a total of 92.00 points.

Freestyle skiing at the 2014 Winter Olympics was held at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park near Krasnaya Polyana, Russia. The ten events took place between 6–21 February 2014.

Canada at the 2014 Winter Olympics Sporting event delegation

Canada competed at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, from February 7 to 23, 2014. Canadians competed in every discipline except Nordic combined.

The men's moguls event in freestyle skiing at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia took place on the 10 February at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park in Krasnaya Polyana, Sochi.

Ski ballet, simply known as Ballet in the ski world, is a form of ballet performed on skis. It is very similar to figure skating, combining spins, jumps, and flips in a two-minute routine choreographed to music. It was part of the professional freestyle skiing tours of the 1970s and 1980s and then an official FIS and Olympic discipline until the year 2000. Ski ballet became known as Acroski in the 1990s in an effort to legitimize its place among the competitive ski community, especially to the FIS. It is no longer a part of competitive freestyle skiing.

Kelly Sildaru Estonian freestyle skier

Kelly Sildaru is an Estonian freestyle skier.

References

  1. http://sports.espn.go.com/action/freeskiing/news/story?id=6273652
  2. Will Graves (2014-02-10). "Canada's Alex Bilodeau takes gold in men's moguls, first two-time freestyle Olympic champion". Associated Press. The Republic (Columbus, Indiana). Archived from the original on 2014-02-22.

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