Diving at the Summer Olympics

Last updated
Diving at the Summer Olympics
Diving pictogram.svg
Governing body FINA
Events8 (men: 4; women: 4)
Games

Diving was first introduced in the official programme of the Summer Olympic Games at the 1904 Games of St. Louis and has been an Olympic sport since. It was known as "fancy diving" [1] for the acrobatic stunts performed by divers during the dive (such as somersaults and twists). This discipline of Aquatics, along with swimming, synchronised swimming and water polo, is regulated and supervised by the International Swimming Federation (FINA), the international federation (IF) for aquatic sports.

Contents

Summary

GamesYearEventsBest Nation
1
2
3 1904 2US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
4 1908 2Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany
5 1912 4Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
6
7 1920 5US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
8 1924 5US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
9 1928 4US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
10 1932 4US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
11 1936 4US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
12
13
14 1948 4US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
15 1952 4US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
16 1956 4US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
17 1960 4Flag of the United States.svg  United States
18 1964 4Flag of the United States.svg  United States
19 1968 4Flag of the United States.svg  United States
20 1972 4Flag of the United States.svg  United States
GamesYearEventsBest Nation
21 1976 4Flag of the United States.svg  United States
22 1980 4Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
23 1984 4Flag of the United States.svg  United States
24 1988 4Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
25 1992 4Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
26 1996 4Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
27 2000 8Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
28 2004 8Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
29 2008 8Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
30 2012 8Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
31 2016 8Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
32 2020 8Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

History

The first Olympic diving events were contested by men and consisted of a platform diving event ("fancy high diving") and also a plunge for distance event, which heralded victorious the diver who could reach the farthest underwater, while remaining motionless after a ground-level standing dive. At the 1908 Summer Olympics, men's springboard diving was added to the program replacing the plunge for distance, regarded as uninteresting. [2] Women's diving debut happened at the 1912 Summer Olympics in the platform event and was expanded to springboard diving at the 1920 Summer Olympics. A parallel platform diving event for men, called "plain high diving", was presented at the Games of the V Olympiad. No acrobatic moves were allowed, only a simple straight dive off the platform. [3] It was last contested at the 1924 Summer Olympics after which it was merged with "fancy high diving" into one competition renamed "highboard diving" (or just "high diving"). [4]

By the time of the 1996 Summer Olympics, the diving events were exactly the same as in 1928 (2 men's and 2 women's events). However, four years later in Sydney, the inclusion of a synchronized diving variant for the springboard and platform events elevated the list up to eight events (4 men's and 4 women's events).

Another important change to the sport occurred at the 1984 Summer Olympics, when China first competed, after boycotting the previous games due to the political status of Taiwan. [5] China has become the dominant diving power and accumulated 47 gold medals since 1984.

Medal table

Total medal count 1904–2020:

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)494847144
2Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)47241081
3Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)68721
4Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)48618
5Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)44614
6Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)35311
7Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)33915
8Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany  (EUA)3104
9Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)281525
10Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)23813
11Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR)2237
12Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)17816
13Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)16815
14Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia  (TCH)1102
15Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)1012
16Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)1001
17Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team  (EUN)0213
18Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt  (EGY)0112
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia  (MAS)0112
20Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)0101
21Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)0022
22Russian Olympic Committee flag.svg  ROC 0011
Totals (22 nations)130133137400

Events

Men's

Event9600 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Games
Plunge for distance X 1
Plain high diving X X X 3
3 metre springboard X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
10 metre platform X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 27
Synchronized 3 metre springboard X X X X X X 6
Synchronized 10 metre platform X X X X X X 6
Events223332222222222222222444444

Women's

Event9600 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Games
3 metre springboard X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
10 metre platform X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Synchronized 3 metre springboard X X X X X X 6
Synchronized 10 metre platform X X X X X X 6
Events1222222222222222222444444

Nations

The numbers in each cell indicate the number of divers that nation sent to that Games.

Nation9600 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina  (ARG)  111215
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia  (ARM)  212
Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg  Australasia  (ANZ)  11
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)  11111210422343457767910922
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)  132234412414231222323122
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan  (AZE)  112
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas  (BAH)  11
Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados  (BAR)  11
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)  5234226
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)  1321116
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda  (BER)  1213
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia  (BOL)  11
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)  13221111112443915
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria  (BUL)  2113
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)  1211332223489768676109622
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile  (CHI)  122
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)  88878101012139
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei  (TPE)  242
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia  (COL)  1132213249
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica  (CRC)  11
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia  (CRO)  11
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)  12266537
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)  11
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia  (TCH)  223111128
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)  5411232222111
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic  (DOM)  1233
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR)  577946
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador  (ECU)  112
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt  (EGY)  244431448
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)  26362113111221122118
Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)  112412542432112216125321
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia  (GEO)  212
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)  3549211467810148814
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)  16351176119576584665458710121124
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)  1158116
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala  (GUA)  11
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong  (HKG)  22114
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)  2122223324322116
Flag of India.svg  India  (IND)  21
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia  (INA)  132
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran  (IRI)  11
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland  (IRL)  112
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel  (ISR)  112
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)  111133153424124325688822
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)  112
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)  1145245943334331221319
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)  552
Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait  (KUW)  212125
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia  (MAS)  334965
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)  151453436456638575710921
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)  47122222122112
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)  13114
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea  (PRK)  43533327
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)  343211211110
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru  (PER)  112
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines  (PHI)  222
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)  1532116
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)  11
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico  (PUR)  12121117
Flag of Rhodesia.svg  Rhodesia  (RHO)  132
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania  (ROU)  33433127
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)  77910786
Flag of Russia.svg  Russian Empire  (RU1)  11
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa  (RSA)  1111116
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea  (KOR)  132124412110
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)  1111712109111289
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)  32332235542212
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka  (SRI)  112
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)  103412118133414212322213112224
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  (SUI)  111322111213113
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria  (SYR)  112
Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan  (TJK)  21
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand  (THA)  1223
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey  (TUR)  11
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)  6989976
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team  (EUN)  71
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)  72214109910711951211811777871012111025
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany  (EUA)  792
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay  (URU)  11
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela  (VEN)  111113113210
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany  (FRG)  894466
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg  Yugoslavia  (YUG)  122
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe  (ZIM)  3212116
Nations  291014141892121211624212325222129313040423029252880
Divers  1039575371612869627259748283908267808195121157125136136135 
Year9600 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

See also

Notes

  1. "Aquatics – Diving". Sports. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2007-01-21.
  2. Bill Bryson. "A City Under Starter's Orders". Olympics 2000 Sydney. The Sunday Times. Archived from the original on 2007-04-01. Retrieved 2007-01-22.
  3. "Aquatics – Diving". Summer Sports. Australian Olympic Committee . Retrieved 2007-01-22.
  4. "Diving". The Sports Yellow Pages!!. ThinkQuest. Archived from the original on 2005-11-04. Retrieved 2007-01-22.
  5. https://www.nytimes.com/1984/01/09/sports/84-olympic-effort-a-great-leap-forward-for-china.html

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References