1960 Summer Olympics

Last updated
Games of the XVII Olympiad
1960 Summer Olympics logo.png
Host city Rome, Italy
Nations83
Athletes5,338 (4,727 men, 611 women)
Events150 in 17 sports (23 disciplines)
Opening25 August
Closing11 September
Opened by
Cauldron
Stadium Stadio Olimpico
Summer
Melbourne 1956 Tokyo 1964
Winter
Squaw Valley 1960 Innsbruck 1964

The 1960 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad (Italian: Giochi della XVII Olimpiade), were an international multi-sport event held from 25 August to 11 September 1960 in Rome, Italy. Rome had previously been awarded the administration of the 1908 Summer Olympics, but following the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 1906, the city had no choice but to decline and pass the honour to London. The Soviet Union won the most gold and overall medals at the 1960 Games.

Contents

Host city selection

On June 15, 1955, at the 50th IOC Session in Paris, France, Rome won the rights to host the 1960 Games, having beaten Brussels, Mexico City, Tokyo, Detroit, Budapest and finally Lausanne. Tokyo and Mexico City would subsequently host the proceeding 1964 and 1968 Summer Olympics respectively. [2]

Toronto was initially interested in the bidding, but appears to have dropped out during the final phase of the bid process. [3] This was the first of five unsuccessful attempts by Toronto to secure the Summer Olympics from then until the 2008 games.

1960 Summer Olympics bidding results [4]
CityCountryRound 1Round 2Round 3
Rome Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 152635
Lausanne Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 142124
Detroit Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States 611
Budapest Flag of Hungary (1949-1956; 1-2 aspect ratio).svg  Hungary 81
Brussels Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 6
Mexico City Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico 6
Tokyo Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan 4

Highlights

The Olympic Torch of Rome 1960 Torcia Olimpica Roma 1960.jpg
The Olympic Torch of Rome 1960
Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia wins the marathon barefooted Abebe Bikila sprints away from Rhadi Ben Abdesselam.jpg
Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia wins the marathon barefooted

Lowlights

Historical landmarks

Non-medal winners

Broadcasting

Venues

Opening Ceremony in 1960 Summer Olympics in Stadio Olimpico in Rome, Italy Rome Olympics 1960 - Opening Day.jpg
Opening Ceremony in 1960 Summer Olympics in Stadio Olimpico in Rome, Italy

1 New facilities constructed in preparation for the Olympic Games. 2 Existing facilities modified or refurbished in preparation for the Olympic Games.

Games

Participating National Olympic Committees

Participants 1960 Summer Olympic games countries.png
Participants
Number of athletes per country 1960 Summer olympics team numbers.gif
Number of athletes per country

A total of 83 nations participated at the Rome Games. Athletes from Morocco, San Marino, Sudan, and Tunisia competed at the Olympic Games for the first time. Athletes from Barbados, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago would represent the new (British) West Indies Federation, competing as "Antilles", but this nation would only exist for this single Olympiad. Athletes from Northern Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia competed under the Rhodesia name while representing the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Athletes from East Germany and West Germany would compete as the United Team of Germany from 1956 to 1964. The number in parentheses indicates the number of participants that each country contributed.

Participating National Olympic Committees

Sports

The 1960 Summer Olympics featured 17 different sports encompassing 23 disciplines, and medals were awarded in 150 events. In the list below, the number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses.

Calendar

All dates are in Central European Time (UTC+1)
OCOpening ceremonyEvent competitions1Gold medal eventsCCClosing ceremony
August / September25
Thu
26
Fri
27
Sat
28
Sun
29
Mon
30
Tue
31
Wed
1
Thu
2
Fri
3
Sat
4
Sun
5
Mon
6
Tue
7
Wed
8
Thu
9
Fri
10
Sat
11
Sun
Events
Olympic Rings Icon.svg CeremoniesOCCCN/A
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 24733446134
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 11
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 1010
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing 77
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling 21216
Diving pictogram.svg Diving 11114
Equestrian 11215
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing 111111118
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey 11
Football pictogram.svg Football 11
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics 25714
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon 22
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 77
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing 55
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 111216
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 212232315
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo 11
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 22217
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 8816
Daily medal events240115148111501415121211151150
Cumulative total266172236445570708499111123134149150
August / September25
Thu
26
Fri
27
Sat
28
Sun
29
Mon
30
Tue
31
Wed
1
Thu
2
Fri
3
Sat
4
Sun
5
Mon
6
Tue
7
Wed
8
Thu
9
Fri
10
Sat
11
Sun
Total events

Medal count

These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1960 Games: [11]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 432931103
2US flag 49 stars.svg  United States 34211671
3Flag of Italy.svg  Italy*13101336
4Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany 12191142
5Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 88622
6Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 7209
7Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 68721
8Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan 47718
9Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland 461121
10Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia 3238
Totals (10 nations)134112105351

See also

Related Research Articles

1948 Summer Olympics Games of the XIV Olympiad, held in London in 1948

The 1948 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held from 29 July to 14 August 1948 in London, United Kingdom.

1976 Summer Olympics Games of the XXI Olympiad, held in Montreal in 1976

The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially called the Games of the XXI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, in 1976, and the first Olympic Games held in Canada.

1992 Summer Olympics Games of the XXV Olympiad, held in Barcelona in 1992

The 1992 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Barcelona, Spain from 25 July to 9 August 1992.

1984 Summer Olympics Games of the XXIII Olympiad, held in Los Angeles in 1984

The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 28 to August 12, 1984, in Los Angeles, California, United States. This was the second time that Los Angeles had hosted the Games, the first being in 1932.

1980 Summer Olympics Games of the XXII Olympiad, held in Moscow in 1980

The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Moscow, Soviet Union, in present-day Russia.

1972 Summer Olympics Games of the XX Olympiad, held in Munich in 1972

The 1972 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Munich, West Germany, from 26 August to 11 September 1972.

The 1968 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held from 12 to 27 October 1968 in Mexico City, Mexico. These were the first Olympic Games to be staged in Latin America and the first to be staged in a Spanish-speaking country. They were also the first Games to use an all-weather (smooth) track for track and field events instead of the traditional cinder track. This was also the first example of the Olympics exclusively using electronic timekeeping equipment.

1964 Summer Olympics Games of the XVIII Olympiad, celebrated in Tokyo in 1964

The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVIII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held from 10 to 24 October 1964 in Tokyo, Japan. Tokyo had been awarded the organization of the 1940 Summer Olympics, but this honour was subsequently passed to Helsinki due to Japan's invasion of China, before ultimately being cancelled due to World War II.

1956 Summer Olympics Games of the XVI Olympiad, celebrated in Melbourne in 1956

The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia from 22 November to 8 December 1956, with the exception of the equestrian events, which were held in Stockholm, Sweden in June 1956.

1952 Summer Olympics Games of the XV Olympiad, held in Helsinki in 1952

The 1952 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held from 19 July to 3 August 1952 in Helsinki, Finland.

1932 Summer Olympics games of the X Olympiad, celebrated in Los Angeles in 1932

The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 30 to August 14, 1932, in Los Angeles, California, United States.

1928 Summer Olympics games of the IX Olympiad, celebrated in Amsterdam in 1928

The 1928 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the IX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from 28 July to 12 August 1928 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The city of Amsterdam had previously bid for the 1920 and 1924 Olympic Games, but was obliged to give way to war-torn Antwerp in Belgium for the 1920 Games and Pierre de Coubertin's Paris for the 1924 Games. The United States won the most gold and overall medals.

1912 Summer Olympics Games of the V Olympiad, celebrated in Stockholm (Sweden) in 1912

The 1912 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Stockholm, Sweden, between 5 May and 22 July 1912.

2004 Summer Paralympics

The 2004 Summer Paralympics, the 12th Summer Paralympic Games, were a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee, held in Athens, Greece from 17 to 28 September 2004. 3,806 athletes from 136 National Paralympic Committees competed. 519 medal events were held in 19 sports.

Australia at the Olympics Sporting event delegation

Australia has sent athletes to all editions of the modern Olympic Games. Australia has competed in every Summer Olympic Games, as well as every Winter Olympics except 1924–32 and 1948. In 1908 and 1912 Australia competed with New Zealand under the name Australasia.

Germany at the 1912 Summer Olympics Germany at the Olympics

Germany competed at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden. 185 competitors, 180 men and 5 women, took part in 69 events in 14 sports. Due to the political fallout from World War I, this was that country's last appearance until 1928.

The Ninth Special Olympics World Summer Games were held in New Haven, Connecticut, United States on July 1–9, 1995. More than 7,000 athletes from 143 countries gathered for competition in 21 sports. The opening and closing ceremonies were held in the Yale Bowl, and various events were held around the New Haven area, including various events held in West Haven, Connecticut. This was the first Special olympics world games that included unified sports. The hurdles and the marathon were included in athletics, squat lift was included in powerlifting, and the 40 km race was included in cycling.

The First International Silent Games, or First International Games for the Deaf, now referred to retroactively as the 1924 Summer Deaflympics, were the inaugural edition of the Deaflympics. The Games were held in Paris, France, from 10 to 17 August 1924, as an equivalent to the Olympic Games for deaf athletes. They were organised on the initiative of deaf Frenchman Eugène Rubens-Alcais, who, just after the Games, co-founded the Comité International des Sports des Sourds with other "deaf sporting leaders". The 1924 Games were "the first games ever" for athletes with a disability, preceding the World Wheelchair and Amputee Games in 1948, which became the Paralympic Games in 1960 but which did not include events for deaf athletes.

Rome bid for the 2024 Summer Olympics

The Rome bid for the 2024 Summer Olympics and Summer Paralympics was an attempt to bring the 2024 Summer Olympics to the city of Rome. On 21 September 2016, Rome withdrew its bid for the Games.

References

  1. 1 2 "Factsheet - Opening Ceremony of the Games of the Olympiad" (PDF) (Press release). International Olympic Committee. 9 October 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  2. "IOC VOTE HISTORY".
  3. "Toronto has made 5 attempts to host the Olympics. Could the sixth be the winner?". thestar.com. 24 July 2015.
  4. "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on 24 January 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  5. Coplan, Joseph (July 19, 2000). "Profiling Jeff Farrell, 1968 ISHOF Honor Swimmer". USMS . Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  6. Zaborney, Mark (March 11, 2016). "Ramon 'Buddy' Carr (1926-2016): TPD officer coached gold-medalist boxer". Toledo Blade .
  7. Henderson, Jon (June 26, 2012). "Great Olympic Moments: UCLA friends Rafer Johnson and Yang Chuan-kwang make decathlon history in 1960". The Telegraph . Retrieved June 21, 2018.
  8. Maraniss, David (2008). Rome 1960: The Olympics That Changed the World (1st ed.). New York City, NY: Simon & Schuster. p.  138. ISBN   978-1-4165-3407-5.
  9. "OLYMPICS AND TELEVISION - The Museum of Broadcast Communications". Museum.tv. Archived from the original on July 27, 2009. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  10. Official Olympic Reports. Archived from the original on 2006-06-22.
  11. Byron, Lee; Cox, Amanda; Ericson, Matthew (August 4, 2008). "A Map of Olympic Medals". The New York Times. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
Preceded by
Melbourne/Stockholm
Summer Olympic Games
Rome

XVII Olympiad (1960)
Succeeded by
Tokyo