|Type||Broadcast television network|
|Availability||National Canada (available in parts of northern United States, Caribbean, via cable or antenna and Worldwide)|
|Founded||September 6, 1952|
|5.0% in prime-time (as of the 2018-19 season)|
|Owner||Canadian Broadcasting Corporation|
|Barbara Williams, executive vice president, CBC English-language services|
|September 6, 1952|
|Affiliates||List of member stations|
CBC Television (also known as CBC TV)is a Canadian English-language broadcast television network that is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the national public broadcaster. The network began operations on September 6, 1952. Its French-language counterpart is Ici Radio-Canada Télé.
Centred at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto, CBC Television is available throughout Canada on over-the-air television stations in urban centres and as a must-carry station on cable and satellite television. Almost all of the CBC's programming is produced in Canada. Although CBC Television is supported by public funding, commercial advertising revenue supplements the network, in contrast to CBC Radio and public broadcasters from several other countries, which are commercial-free.
CBC Television provides a complete 24-hour network schedule of news, sports, entertainment and children's programming; in most cases, feeding the same programming at the same local times nationwide, except to the Newfoundland Time Zone, where programs air 30 minutes "late".
On October 9, 2006 at 6:00 a.m., the network switched to a 24-hour schedule, becoming one of the last major English-language broadcasters to transition to such a schedule. Most CBC-owned stations previously signed off the air during the early morning hours (typically from 1:00 a.m. to 6:00 a.m.). Instead of the infomercials aired by most private stations, or a simulcast of CBC News Network in the style of BBC One's nightly simulcast of BBC News Channel, the CBC uses the time to air repeats, including local news, primetime series, films and other programming from the CBC library. Its French counterpart, Ici Radio-Canada Télé, which continued to sign off every night for several years thereafter, now broadcasts a simulcast of its sister news network Ici RDI after regular programming ends for the night until the next programming day begins.
While historically there has been room for regional differences in the schedule, as there is today (see "Stations", below), for CBC-owned stations, funding has decreased to the point that most of these stations no longer broadcast any significant local programming beyond local newscasts and an edition of the summer regional documentary series Absolutely Canadian .
Until 1998, the network carried a variety of American programs in addition to its core Canadian programming, directly competing with private Canadian broadcasters such as CTV and Global. Since then, it has restricted itself to Canadian programs, a handful of British programs, and a few American films and off-network repeats. Since this change, the CBC has sometimes struggled to maintain ratings comparable to those it achieved before 1995, although it has seen somewhat of a ratings resurgence in recent years. In the 2007–08 season, popular series such as Little Mosque on the Prairie and The Border helped the network achieve its strongest ratings performance in over half a decade.
In 2002, CBC Television and CBC News Network became the first broadcasters in Canada that are required to provide closed captioning for all of their programming. On those networks, only outside commercials need not be captioned, though a bare majority of them are aired with captions. All shows, bumpers, billboards, promos and other internal programming must be captioned. The requirement stems from a human rights complaint filed by deaf lawyer Henry Vlug,which was settled in 2002.
Under the CBC's current arrangement with Rogers Communications for National Hockey League broadcast rights, Hockey Night in Canada broadcasts on CBC-owned stations and affiliates are not technically aired over the CBC Television network, but over a separate CRTC-licensed part-time network operated by Rogers. This was required by the CRTC as Rogers exercises editorial control and sells all advertising time during the HNIC broadcasts, even though the CBC bug and promos for other CBC Television programs appear throughout HNIC.
The CBC's flagship newscast, The National , airs Sunday through Fridays at 10:00 p.m. local time (except in Newfoundland, where it airs at 10:30 p.m.) and Saturdays at 6:00 p.m. EST. Until October 2006, CBC owned-and-operated stations aired a second broadcast of the program at 11:00 p.m.; this later broadcast included only the main news portion of the program, and excluded the analysis and documentary segment. This second airing was later replaced with other programming, and as of the 2012-13 television season, was replaced on CBC's major market stations by a half-hour late newscast. There is also a short news update, at most, on late Saturday evenings. During hockey season, this update is usually found during the first intermission of the second game of the doubleheader on Hockey Night in Canada .
The show is also simultaneously broadcasts rolling coverage from CBC News Network from noon to 1 p.m. local time in most time zones (also from 6 to 7 a.m. in regions where a local CBC Radio One morning show is not simulcast instead).
In addition to the mentioned late local newscasts, CBC stations in most markets fill early evenings with local news programs, generally from 5:00 p.m. to 6:30 p.m., while most stations also air a single local newscast on weekend evenings (comprising a supper hour broadcast on Saturdays and a late evening newscast on Sundays). Weekly newsmagazine the fifth estate is also a CBC mainstay, as are documentary series such as Doc Zone .
One of the most popular shows on CBC Television is the weekly Saturday night broadcast of NHL hockey games, Hockey Night in Canada . It has been televised by the network since 1952. During the NHL lockout and subsequent cancellation of the 2004-2005 hockey season, CBC instead aired various recent and classic films, branded as Movie Night in Canada, on Saturday nights. Many cultural groups criticized this and suggested the CBC air games from minor hockey leagues; the CBC responded that most such broadcast rights were already held by other groups, but it did base each Movie Night broadcast from a different Canadian hockey venue. Other than hockey, CBC Sports properties include Toronto Raptors basketball, Toronto FC Soccer,and various other amateur and professional events.
The telecast of the Olympics including Summer and Winter Olympic Games at Canadian television on CBC's broadcast started in 1956. It has the rights to broadcast the Olympic Games until 2024.
It was also the exclusive carrier of Canadian Curling Association events during the 2004–2005 season. Due to disappointing results and fan outrage over many draws being carried on CBC Country Canada (now called Cottage Life), the association tried to cancel its multiyear deal with the CBC signed in 2004. After the CBC threatened legal action, both sides eventually came to an agreement under which early-round rights reverted to TSN. On June 15, 2006, the CCA announced that TSN would obtain exclusive rights to curling broadcasts in Canada as of the 2008–09 season,shutting the CBC out of the championship weekend for the first time in 40-plus years.
CBC Sports suffered another major blow when it was announced that after the 2007 season, the CFL regular season games and the Grey Cup would be moving to TSN, ending the CBC's tenure with the CFL. It has been stated that the CFL was not happy with the CBC's lackluster production during the CBC's 2005 union lockout, which forced the network to use CBC management to work the behind the scenes telecast and use stadium public address announcers in place of their regular announcer crew.
On June 23, 2007, the network aired the first game in a two-year deal to broadcast Toronto Blue Jays games;the contract ended at the end of the 2008 season, and was not renewed.
In August 2007, it was also announced that the CBC would broadcast National Basketball Association games involving the Toronto Raptors, starting with the 2007–08 NBA season, through at least 2009-2010; the CBC would carry games for the 2007-2008 and 20 games for the 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 seasons.
In November 2013, the NHL announced that it had signed a $5.2 billion deal with Rogers Communications giving them exclusive rights for 12 years starting in 2014–2015. CBC has been sub-licensed to carry NHL games for the first 4 years of the contract.
As a result of funding reductions from the federal government and decreased revenues, in April 2014, CBC announced it would no longer bid for professional sport broadcasting rights.
Among CBC Television's best-known primetime series are comedy series Rick Mercer Report , This Hour Has 22 Minutes and Little Mosque on the Prairie , and dramas such as The Tudors , Heartland and Intelligence . In recent years, British series such as Coronation Street and Doctor Who have been given greater prominence. As noted above, it now carries very little American programming apart from some syndicated daytime shows.
In 2006, the CBC announced radical changes to its primetime lineup, including the following new series to premiere that fall:
Many were surprised by these changes to the CBC schedule, which were apparently intended to attract a younger audience to the network; some suggested they might alienate the core CBC viewership. Another note of criticism was made when the network decided to move The National in some time zones to simulcast the American version of The One over the summer. This later became a moot point, as The One was taken off the air after two weeks after extremely low American and Canadian ratings, and the newscast resumed its regular schedule.
In 2006, daytime programming was also revamped. While there were still repeats of CBC and foreign series, new talk shows such as The Gill Deacon Show and the regional franchise Living were added. The Gill Deacon Show was cancelled after just seven months, and replaced with another talk show, Steven and Chris , which is still on the air today (Steven and Chris is also shown on the Live Well Network in the United States); Living was cancelled in August 2009.
On January 9, 2007, the CBC began airing a highly publicized new series called Little Mosque on the Prairie , a comedy about a Muslim family living in rural Saskatchewan. The series garnered strong ratings as well as international media attention. It was also announced that Martha Stewart's daytime show would be added to the CBC daytime lineup, with the nighttime Wheel of Fortune and Jeopardy! following in September 2008 (with a few edits to limit the amount of U.S. advertising).
In January 2008, CBC Television launched the drama series The Border , MVP and jPod , the reality series The Week The Women Went and the comedy Sophie . Only The Border and Sophie were renewed for a second season in the fall of 2008. The new series Being Erica and Wild Roses began airing in January 2009.
Beginning in 2005, the CBC has contributed production funds for the BBC Wales revival of Doctor Who , for which it received a special credit at the end of each episode. This arrangement continued until the end of fourth season, broadcast in 2008. The CBC similarly contributed to the first season of the spin-off series, Torchwood .More recently, the network has also begun picking up Canadian rights to some Australian series, including the drama series Janet King and Love Child , and the comedy-drama series Please Like Me .
CBC offers streaming of its programming within Canada via the CBC Gem website and mobile app (formerly the CBC TV app). Gem also offers a premium subscription including ad-free video on-demand, as well as streaming of CBC News Network.
In addition to existing CBC Television programming, the CBC Gem platform also offers a number of short form comedy, drama and non-fiction web series, Canadian feature and documentary films, and selected international programming from other public broadcasters around the world.
Children's programming, often marketed as "CBC Kids" and "The Outlet", occupies most of the morning hours on weekdays and much of weekend mornings.
On March 5, 2005, CBC Television launched a high definition simulcast of its Toronto (CBLT-DT) and Montreal (CBMT-DT) stations. Since that time, the network has also launched HD simulcasts in Vancouver (CBUT-DT), Ottawa (CBOT-DT), Edmonton (CBXT-DT), Calgary (CBRT-DT), Halifax (CBHT-DT), Windsor, (CBET-DT), Winnipeg (CBWT-DT), and St. John's (CBNT-DT). CBC HD is available nationally via satellite and on digital cable as well as for free over-the-air using a regular TV antenna and a digital tuner (included in most new television sets) on the following channels:
|City||Station||OTA digital channel|
|Calgary, Alberta||CBRT-DT||21 (9.1)||April 1, 2011|
|Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island||CBCT-DT||13 (13.1)||August 31, 2011|
|Edmonton, Alberta||CBXT-DT||42 (5.1)||April 1, 2011|
|Fredericton, New Brunswick||CBAT-DT||31 (4.1)||August 31, 2011|
|Halifax, Nova Scotia||CBHT-DT||39 (3.1)||August 31, 2011|
|Montreal, Quebec||CBMT-DT||20 (6.1)||February 21, 2005|
|Ottawa, Ontario||CBOT-DT||25 (4.1)||September 13, 2006|
|Regina, Saskatchewan||CBKT-DT||9 (9.1)||August 31, 2011|
|St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador||CBNT-DT||8 (8.1)||August 31, 2011|
|Toronto, Ontario||CBLT-DT||20 (5.1)||March 5, 2005|
|Vancouver, British Columbia||CBUT-DT||43 (2.1)||January 9, 2006|
|Windsor, Ontario||CBET-DT||9 (9.1)||August 31, 2011|
|Winnipeg, Manitoba||CBWT-DT||27 (6.1)||December 9, 2011|
|Yellowknife, Northwest Territories||CFYK-DT||8 (8.1)||August 1, 2012|
All HD channels map to their analogue positions via the North American PSIP virtual channeling standard.
In fall 2007, the CBC upgraded its Toronto facilities, becoming the second fully HD news broadcaster in Canada. The National and all its news programs originating from the same news studio in Toronto (including CBC News: Sunday Night) are now available in HD.
On September 1, 2011, as part of the analogue television shutoff and digital conversion, all CBC over-the-air HD broadcasts switched from the 1080i to 720p resolution format.
In August 2012, after the CBC shut down all of their remaining analogue transmitters, CBC television (as well as CBC News Network) began broadcasting all programming solely in the 16:9 aspect ratio and began letterboxing its widescreen feed for standard definition viewers just as Ici Radio-Canada Télé has done since September 2007.
All CBC television stations, including those in major cities, are owned and operated by the CBC itself. CBC O&O stations operate as a mostly seamless national service with few deviations from the main network schedule, although there are some regional differences from time to time. For on-air identification, most CBC stations use the CBC brand rather than their call letters, not identifying themselves specifically until sign-on or sign-off (though some, like Toronto's CBLT, do not ID themselves at all except through PSIP). All CBC O&O stations have a standard call letter naming convention, in that the first two letters are "CB" (an ITU prefix allocated not to Canada, but to Chile) and the last letter is "T". Only the third letter varies from market to market; however, that letter is typically the same as the third letter of the CBC Radio One and CBC Radio 2 stations in the same market. An exception to this rule are the CBC North stations in Yellowknife, Whitehorse and Iqaluit, whose call signs begin with "CF" due to their historic association with the CBC's Frontier Coverage Package prior to the advent of microwave and satellite broadcasting.
Some stations that broadcast from smaller cities were private affiliates of the CBC, that is, stations which are owned by commercial broadcasters but predominantly incorporated CBC programming within their schedules. Such stations generally followed the CBC schedule, airing a minimum 40 hours per week of network programming. However, they often chose to opt out of some CBC programming in order to air locally produced programs, syndicated series or programs purchased from other broadcasters, such as CTV Two, which do not have a broadcast outlet in the same market. In these cases, the CBC programming being displaced may have been broadcast at a different time than the network, or were not broadcast on the station at all. Most private affiliates generally opted out of CBC's afternoon schedule and Thursday night arts programming. Private affiliates carried the 10 p.m. broadcast of The National as a core part of the CBC schedule, but generally omitted the 11 p.m. repeat (which is no longer broadcast). Most private affiliates produce their own local newscasts for a duration of at least 35 minutes. Some of the private affiliates later began adding CBC's overnight programming to their schedules since the network began broadcasting 24 hours a day in October 2006.
Following the disaffiliation of the last privately owned CBC affiliate CKSA-DT in Lloydminster on August 31, 2016, no more private stations operate as CBC affiliates, as many such stations have been purchased either by the CBC itself or by Canwest Global or CHUM Limited, respectively becoming E! or A-Channel (later A, now CTV Two) stations. One private CBC affiliate, CHBC-TV in Kelowna, joined E! (then known as CH) on February 27, 2006. When a private CBC affiliate reaffiliated with another network, the CBC normally added a retransmitter of its nearest O&O station to ensure that CBC service is continued. However, due to an agreement between CHBC and CFJC-TV in Kamloops, CFJC also disaffiliated from the CBC on February 27, 2006, but no retransmitters were installed in the licence area. Former private CBC affiliates CKPG-TV Prince George and CHAT-TV Medicine Hat disaffiliated on August 31, 2008 and joined E!, but the CBC announced it would not add new retransmitters to these areas. Incidentally, CFJC, CKPG and CHAT are all owned by an independent media company, Jim Pattison Group. With the closure of E! and other changes in the media landscape, several former CBC affiliates subsequently joined CTV, Citytv or Global, or closed altogether.
According to filings to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) by Thunder Bay Electronics (owner of CBC's Thunder Bay affiliate CKPR-DT) [ citation needed ] the CBC informed them that it would not extend its association with any of its private affiliates beyond August 31, 2011. Incidentally, that was also the date for analogue to digital transition in Canada. Given recent practice and the CBC's decision not to convert any retransmitters to digital, even in markets with populations in the hundreds in thousands, it was not expected that the CBC would open new transmitters to replace its affiliates, and indeed pared back its existing transmitter network to just its digital transmitters in July 2012. However, in March 2011, CKPR announced that it had come to a programming agreement with the CBC, in which the station would continue to provide CBC programming in Thunder Bay for a period of five years. On March 16, 2012, Astral Media announced the sale of its assets to Bell Media, owners of CTV and CTV Two, for $3.38 billion with CFTK and CJDC included in the acquisition. Both stations subsequently became CTV Two stations.and Bell Media (owner of CBC affiliates CFTK-TV in Terrace and CJDC-TV in Dawson Creek),
CBC television stations in Nunavut, the Northwest Territories and Yukon, branded as CBC North, tailor their programming mostly to the local native population, and broadcast in many native languages such as Inuktitut, Gwichʼin and Dene.
From 1994 through July 2005, CBC Television's news programming was aired in the United States on Newsworld International.
On September 11, 2001, several American broadcasters without their own news operations, including C-SPAN and Home Shopping Network, carried the CBC's coverage of the terror attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C. In the days after September 11, C-SPAN carried CBC's nightly newscast, The National , anchored by Peter Mansbridge.
C-SPAN has also carried CBC's coverage of major events affecting Canadians. Among them:
Several PBS stations also air some CBC programs, especially The Red Green Show , although no CBC programming currently airs on the full network schedule.
For a number of years CBC co-produced a news programme, Hemispheres , with Australia's national broadcaster, the ABC; the program was hosted from Sydney and Vancouver and included reports from both networks' foreign correspondents. It was broadcast in both Canada and Australia and across Asia and the Pacific on the Australia Network.
CBC Television stations can also be received in many United States communities along the Canada–US border over-the-air and have a significant audience in those areas. Such a phenomenon can also take place within Great Lakes communities such as Ashtabula, Ohio, which received programming from the CBC's London, Ontario, transmitter, based upon prevailing atmospheric conditions over Lake Erie. As of September 2010, CBC shut down its analogue transmitter and decided not to replace it with a digital transmitter. As a result, there is now a giant hole in the coverage of CBC in Southwestern Ontario. Both CBC Toronto and CBC Windsor are over 160 kilometres (99 mi) from London, Ontario and out of range for even the largest antennas. [ citation needed ]
CBC's sports coverage has also attained high viewership in border markets, including its coverage of the NHL's Stanley Cup Playoffs, which was generally considered to be more complete and consistent than coverage by other networks such as NBC. Its coverage of the Olympic Games also found a significant audience in border regions, primarily due to the fact that CBC aired more events live than NBC's coverage, which had been criticized in recent years for tape delaying events to air in primetime, even if the event is being held in a market in the Pacific Time Zone during primetime hours on the East (where it would still be delayed for West coast primetime).
Several Caribbean nations carry feeds of CBC Television:
The CRTC ordered that in 28 "mandatory markets," full power over-the-air analogue television transmitters had to cease transmitting by August 31, 2011. Broadcasters could either continue serving those markets by transitioning analogue transmitters to digital or cease broadcasting over-the-air. Cable, IPTV, and satellite services are not involved or affected by this digital transition deadline.
While its fellow Canadian broadcasters converted most of their transmitters to digital by the Canadian digital television transition deadline of August 31, 2011, CBC converted only about half of the analogue transmitters in mandatory areas to digital (15 of 28 markets with CBC Television stations, and 14 of 28 markets with Télévision de Radio-Canada stations). Due to financial difficulties reported by the corporation, the corporation published digital transition plans for none of its analogue retransmitters in mandatory markets to be converted to digital by the deadline. Under this plan, communities that receive analogue signals by rebroadcast transmitters in mandatory markets would lose their over-the-air signals as of the deadline. Rebroadcast transmitters account for 23 of the 48 CBC and Radio-Canada transmitters in mandatory markets. Mandatory markets losing both CBC and Radio-Canada over-the-air signals include London, Ontario (metropolitan area population 457,000) and Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (metro area population 257,000). In both of those markets, the corporation's television transmitters are the only ones that were not planned to be converted to digital by the deadline.
Because rebroadcast transmitters were not planned to be converted to digital, many markets stood to lose over-the-air coverage from CBC or Radio-Canada, or both. As a result, only seven of the markets subject to the August 31, 2011 transition deadline were planned to have both CBC and Radio-Canada in digital, and 13 other markets were planned to have either CBC or Radio-Canada in digital. In mid-August 2011, the CRTC granted the CBC an extension, until August 31, 2012, to continue operating its analogue transmitters in markets subject to the August 31, 2011 transition deadline. This CRTC decision prevented many markets subject to the transition deadline from losing signals for CBC or Radio-Canada, or both at the transition deadline. At the transition deadline, Barrie, Ontario lost both CBC and Radio-Canada signals as the CBC did not request that the CRTC allow these transmitters to continue operating.
In markets where a digital transmitter was installed, existing coverage areas were not necessarily maintained. For instance, the CBC implemented a digital transmitter covering Fredericton, New Brunswick in the place of the existing transmitter covering Saint John, New Brunswick and Fredericton, and decided to maintain analogue service to Saint John. According to CBC's application for this transmitter to the CRTC, the population served by the digital transmitter would be 113,930 people versus 303,465 served by the existing analogue transmitter. In Victoria, the replacement of the Vancouver analogue transmitters with digital ones only allowed only some northeastern parts of the metropolitan area (total population 330,000) to receive either CBC or Radio-Canada.
CBC announced on April 4, 2012, that it will shut down all of its approximately 620 analogue television transmitters on July 31, 2012with no plans to install digital transmitters in their place, thus reducing the total number of the corporation's television transmitters across the country down to 27. According to the CBC, this would reduce the corporation's yearly costs by $10 million. No plans have been announced to use subchannels to maintain over-the-air signals for both CBC and Radio-Canada in markets where the corporation has one digital transmitter. In fact, in its CRTC application to shut down all of its analogue television transmitters, the CBC communicated its opposition to use of subchannels, citing costs, amongst other reasons.
The CBC had stated that the "useful life of CBC/Radio-Canada's satellite distribution backbone for analogue transmission ends in 2013" and that it "will not reinvest in that infrastructure given the inevitability of analogue obsolescence."
Despite the shutdown of the rebroadcasters, few viewers actually lost access to CBC programming due to the very high penetration of cable and satellite, which is all but essential for acceptable television in much of Canada (particularly rural areas).
|CBC Television (English language)||Ici Radio-Canada Télé (French language)|
|BC||Victoria||Yes (Vancouver transmitter)||Sidney/Saanich only|
|NB||Fredericton||Yes (Saint John transmitter)||Yes||Yes||No|
|QC||Rivière-du-Loup||No||No||Yes (affiliate)||Yes (affiliate)|
|QC||Rouyn-Noranda/Val-d'Or||Yes (Kearns, ON and Malartic, QC transmitters)||No||Yes (affiliate)||Yes (affiliate)|
|Total||27 markets||26 yes, 1 no||14 yes, 12 no, 1 partially||26 yes, 1 no||13 yes, 13 no, 1 partially|
In addition to the above noted digital transmitters, the non-mandatory market Radio-Canada transmitter in Rimouski, Quebec, CJBR-DT, was transitioned to digital on August 31, 2012. The non-mandatory market CBC Yellowknife transmitter, CFYK-DT, was transitioned to digital on July 31, 2012.
In 2006, the CBC submitted a plan to the CRTC for transitioning the over-the-air television signals from analogue to digital. In this submission, the CBC stated that its 654 analogue transmitters reached 98% of the population, and that it planned on installing 44 digital transmitters, reaching 80% of Canadians.
The CRTC decided to impose a mandatory transition date switching over-the-air television signals from analog to digital, following consultation with CBC and the public. CBC had requested during this consultation that broadcasters be given four years to transition. Following the consultation, on May 17, 2007, the CRTC imposed a transition timeline of four years, resulting in a transition deadline of August 31, 2011 and requiring that over-the-air analogue transmitters be shut off by that date.
On July 6, 2009, the CRTC limited the August 31, 2011 transition deadline to certain mandatory markets, greatly reducing the number of transmitters needing to be transitioned. In CBC's 2009–2010 Corporate Plan, the corporation stated that it planned on having 30 transmitters broadcasting in digital by the deadline, costing $30 million.
On August 6, 2010, the CBC issued a press release stating that due to financial reasons, the CBC and Radio-Canada would only transition 27 transmitters total, one in each market where there was an originating station (i.e. a CBC or Radio-Canada television station located in that market). Further, the CBC stated in the release, that only 15 of the transmitters would be in place by August 31, 2011 due to lack of available funds, and that the remainder would not be on the air until as late as August 31, 2012.Additionally, the CBC stated in the release that it was asking the CRTC for permission to continue broadcasting in analogue until the identified transmitters for transition were up and running. At the time of the press release, only eight of the corporation's transmitters (four CBC and four Radio Canada) were broadcasting in digital.
On November 30, 2010, CBC's senior director of regulatory affairs issued a letter to the CRTC regarding CBC's plans for transitioning to digital. The letter states, "CBC/Radio-Canada will not be converting its analogue retransmitters in mandatory markets to digital after August 31, 2011."On December 16, 2010, some months after the CRTC issued a bulletin reminding broadcasters that analog transmitters had to be shut off by the deadline in mandatory markets, the CBC revised the documents accompanying its August 6, 2010 news release to state that it had the money for and is striving to transition all 27 transmitters by August 31, 2011.
On March 23, 2011, the CRTC rejected an application by the CBC to install a digital transmitter serving Fredericton, New Brunswick in place of the analogue transmitter serving Fredericton and Saint John, New Brunswick, which would have served only 62.5% of the population served by the existing analogue transmitter.The CBC issued a press release stating "CBC/Radio-Canada intends to re-file its application with the CRTC to provide more detailed cost estimates that will allow the Commission to better understand the unfeasibility of replicating the Corporation's current analogue coverage." The press release further added that the CBC suggests coverage could be maintained if the CRTC were to "allow CBC Television to continue providing the analogue service it offers today – much in the same way the Commission permitted recently in the case of Yellowknife, Whitehorse and Iqaluit."
On March 29, 2011, the CRTC added the following condition of licence to over-the-air stations owned by CBC: "Unless otherwise authorized by the Commission, the licensee shall not transmit analogue television signals after 31 August 2011 in mandatory markets designated as such by the Commission in Broadcasting Regulatory Policy 2011-184 or transmit television signals on channels 52 to 69".
On August 18, 2011, the CRTC issued a decision that allows CBC's mandatory market rebroadcasting transmitters in analogue to remain on-air until August 31, 2012.Before that deadline, CBC's licence renewal process would take place and CBC's digital transition plans would be examined as part of that process. The requirement remains for all of CBC's full-power transmitters occupying channels 52 to 69 to either relocate to channels 2 to 51 or become low-power transmitters. In some cases, CBC has opted to reduce the power of existing transmitters to low-power transmitters, which will result in signal loss for some viewers.
On April 4, 2012, CBC released its budget plans, in which it announced that all of its approximately 620 analogue television transmitters would be shut down on July 31, 2012, which was earlier than planned, due to funding reductions from the federal government.
On July 17, 2012, the CRTC approved the shut down of CBC's analogue transmitters, noting that "while the Commission has the discretion to refuse to revoke broadcasting licences, even on application from a licensee, it cannot direct the CBC or any other broadcaster to continue to operate its stations and transmitters." p.m. in each time zone, the remaining 620 analogue transmitters were shut down, leaving the network with 27 digital television transmitters across the country, and some transmitters operated by some affiliated stations.On July 31, 2012, at around 11:59
CKWS-DT, virtual and VHF digital channel 11, is a Global owned-and-operated television station licensed to Kingston, Ontario, Canada. The station is owned by Corus Entertainment. CKWS-DT's studios are located on Queen Street in downtown Kingston, and its transmitter is located near Highway 95 in Wolfe Island, south of Kingston.
CHMI-DT, virtual and VHF digital channel 13, is a Citytv owned-and-operated television station serving Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada that is licensed to Portage la Prairie. The station is owned by the Rogers Media subsidiary of Rogers Communications. CHMI-DT's studios are located at 8 Forks Market Road in downtown Winnipeg, and its transmitter is located adjacent to Bohn Road in Cartier. On cable, the station is available on Rogers Cable channel 139 and Shaw Cable and MTS TV channel 8. On satellite, it is carried on Bell TV channel 228 and Shaw Direct channels 384 (Classic) and 74 (Advanced). There is a high definition feed offered on Shaw Cable digital channel 213, MTS TV channel 417, and Shaw Direct channels 30 (Classic) and 530 (Advanced).
CKVU-DT, virtual channel 10, is a Citytv owned-and-operated television station licensed to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The station is owned by the Rogers Media subsidiary of Rogers Communications, as part of a twinstick with Omni Television station CHNM-DT. The two stations share studios at the corner of West 2nd Avenue and Columbia Street in the Mount Pleasant neighbourhood of Vancouver; CKVU-DT's transmitter is located atop Mount Seymour, with additional transmitter link facilities on the roof of the Century Plaza Hotel in Downtown Vancouver.
CBRT-DT, virtual channel 9.1, is a CBC Television owned-and-operated station licensed to Calgary, Alberta, Canada. The station is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. CBRT's studios are located in the Cambrian Wellness Centre, northwest of Downtown Calgary, and its transmitter is located near Old Banff Coach Road/Highway 563 and 85 Street on the city's southwest side. On cable, the station is available on Shaw Cable channel 6 and in high definition on digital channel 209. On satellite, it is carried on Bell TV channel 245 and in high definition on channel 1130. Telus TV subscribers can access CBRT on channel 101 and 204. CBRT is also available as a free linear live stream channel on the CBC Gem app and website.
CBKST, VHF analogue channel 11, was a CBC Television owned-and-operated station licensed to Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, which operated from 1971 to 2012. The station was owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. CBKST's master control facilities were located in the Hutchinson Building on 2nd Avenue South in Downtown Saskatoon after being relocated from an office tower above Midtown Plaza. Its transmitter was located between Highways 5 and 41.
CBLT-DT, virtual channel 5, is the flagship station of the English language service of CBC Television, licensed to Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The station is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, as part of a twinstick with Ici Radio-Canada Télé station CBLFT-DT. The two stations share studios at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre on Front Street West in Downtown Toronto, which is also shared with national cable news channel CBC News Network and houses the studios for most of CBC's news and entertainment programs. CBLT-DT's transmitter is located atop the CN Tower, also in downtown Toronto.
CBMT-DT, virtual channel 6, is a CBC Television owned-and-operated station licensed to Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The station is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, as part of a twinstick with Ici Radio-Canada Télé flagship CBFT-DT. The two stations share studios at Maison Radio-Canada on René Lévesque Boulevard East in Downtown Montreal; CBMT-DT's transmitter is located atop Mount Royal.
CHEK-DT, virtual channel 6, is an independent television station licensed to Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, serving the southwestern part of the province. The station is owned by the CHEK Media Group, a consortium made up of station employees and local investors. CHEK-DT's studios are located on Kings Road in Victoria, and its transmitter is located atop Mount Warburton Pike on Saturna Island.
CHEX-DT, virtual and VHF digital channel 12, is a Global owned-and-operated television station licensed to Peterborough, Ontario, Canada. The station is owned by Corus Entertainment. CHEX-DT's studios are located on Monaghan Road in the southern portion of Peterborough, and its transmitter is located on Television Hill, just outside Peterborough.
CBEFT was the Radio-Canada owned-and-operated television station serving Franco-Ontarians in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. Previously licensed as a standalone television station, it later operated as a semi-satellite of Toronto station CBLFT-DT. It broadcast an analogue signal on UHF channel 35 from a transmitter near Concession Road 12 in Essex.
CBLFT-DT, virtual and UHF digital channel 25, is an Ici Radio-Canada Télé owned-and-operated station licensed to Toronto, Ontario, Canada, which serves the province's Franco-Ontarian population. The station is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, as part of a twinstick with CBC Television flagship CBLT-DT. The two stations share studios at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre on Front Street West in downtown Toronto; CBLFT-DT's transmitter is located atop the CN Tower, also in downtown Toronto. On cable, the station is available on Rogers Cable channel 12 and in high definition on digital channel 515, as well in high definition to Eastlink subscribers in Atlantic Canada on channel 1017 ; on satellite, CBLFT is carried on Bell TV channel 99, and on both of Shaw Direct's classic and advanced lineups on channel 707.
CBOFT-DT, virtual channel 9.1, is an Ici Radio-Canada Télé owned-and-operated station licensed to Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, serving Franco-Ontarians in Eastern Ontario and Quebecers in the Outaouais region of Quebec. The station is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, as part of a twinstick with CBC Television station CBOT-DT. The two stations share studios at the CBC Ottawa Broadcast Centre on Queen Street in Downtown Ottawa, alongside the main corporate offices of the CBC; CBOFT-DT's transmitter is located on the Ryan Tower at Camp Fortune in Chelsea, Quebec, north of Gatineau.
CBFT-DT, virtual channel 2, is the flagship station of the French-language service of Ici Radio-Canada Télé, licensed to Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The station is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, as part of a twinstick with CBC Television station CBMT-DT. The two stations share studios at Maison Radio-Canada on René Lévesque Boulevard East in Downtown Montreal; CBFT-DT's transmitter is located atop Mount Royal.
CBUFT-DT, virtual and UHF digital channel 26, is an Ici Radio-Canada Télé owned-and-operated station licensed to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, which serves the province's Franco-Columbian population. The station is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, as part of a twinstick with CBC Television station CBUT-DT. The two stations share studios at the CBC Regional Broadcast Centre on Hamilton Street in Downtown Vancouver; CBUFT-DT's transmitter is located atop Mount Seymour.
CBXFT-DT, virtual channel 11, is an Ici Radio-Canada Télé owned-and-operated station licensed to Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, serving the province's Franco-Albertan population. The station is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, as part of a twinstick with CBC Television station CBXT-DT. The two stations share studios on 75th Street West at the Edmonton City Centre in Downtown Edmonton; CBXFT-DT's transmitter is located in Sherwood Park. On cable, the station is available on Shaw Cable channel 12. On satellite, it is carried on Bell TV channel 119 and in high definition on channel 1830. Telus TV subscribers can currently access CBXFT via channel 2001.
CFJC-TV, VHF analogue channel 4, is a Citytv-affiliated television station licensed to Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada. The station is owned by the Jim Pattison Broadcast Group subsidiary of the Jim Pattison Group. CFJC-TV's studios are located on Pemberton Terrace and Columbia Street West in Kamloops, and its transmitter is located near Southern Yellowhead Highway/Highway 5, southeast of Kamloops Airport.
CHAU-DT is a French language television station serving as an affiliate of TVA in Carleton-sur-Mer, Quebec, Canada. It broadcasts an analogue signal on VHF channel 5 from a transmitter near Rue de la Montagne in Carleton-sur-Mer.
CKPG-TV, VHF analogue channel 2, is a Citytv-affiliated television station licensed to Prince George, British Columbia, Canada. The station is owned by the Jim Pattison Group. CKPG-TV's studios are located on 3rd Avenue in Prince George, and its transmitter is located atop Pilot Mountain.
CHAT-TV, VHF analogue channel 6, is a Citytv-affiliated television station licensed to Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada. The station is owned by the Jim Pattison Group. CHAT's studios are located at 10 Boundary Road SE in the nearby town of Redcliff, and its transmitter is located near the Trans-Canada Highway and Range Road 80, northwest of Redcliff. On cable and satellite, the station is available on Shaw Cable channel 3 and regionally on Bell TV channel 248.
Digital terrestrial television in Canada is transmitted using the ATSC standard. Because Canada and the U.S. use the same standard and frequencies for channels, people near the Canada–United States border can watch digital television programming from television stations in either country where available. The ATSC standards are also used in Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Suriname and South Korea.