List of Spanish-language television networks in the United States

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The following is a list of Spanish-language television networks in the United States. As of 2016 the largest Hispanic/Latino television audiences in the U.S. are in California (Los Angeles, San Francisco area), New York, Florida (Miami area), Texas (Houston, Dallas, Ft. Worth, San Antonio), Illinois (Chicago), and Arizona (Phoenix). [1]

Spanish language in the United States Dialect of Spanish written and spoken in the United States

The United States of America has 41 million people aged five or older that speak Spanish at home, making Spanish the second most spoken language of the United States by far. Spanish is the most studied foreign language in the United States, with about six million students. With over 50 million native speakers, heritage language speakers and second language speakers, the United States now has the second largest Spanish-speaking population in the world after Mexico, although it is not an official language of the country. About half of all American Spanish speakers also assessed themselves as speaking English "very well" in the 2000 U.S. Census. This percentage increased to 57% in the 2013-2017 American Community Survey. The United States is among the Spanish-speaking countries that has its own Academy of the Spanish Language.

Television is one of the major mass media of the United States. As of 2011, household ownership of television sets in the country is 96.7%, with approximately 114,200,000 American households owning at least one television set as of August 2013. The majority of households have more than one set. The peak ownership percentage of households with at least one television set occurred during the 1996–97 season, with 98.4% ownership.

A television network is a telecommunications network for distribution of television program content, whereby a central operation provides programming to many television stations or pay television providers. Until the mid-1980s, television programming in most countries of the world was dominated by a small number of terrestrial networks. Many early television networks evolved from earlier radio networks.


Major networks

TV networkFoundedOwner% of U.S. households reached# of households viewable# of Full-power affiliates # of Low-power/Class-A affiliates and transmitters
Univision 1987 [2] Univision Communications 49%94,100,000 [3] 6226
Estrella TV 2009 Liberman Broadcasting
(alternatively referred to as LBI Media)
Telemundo 1954 [4] NBCUniversal 61.6%192,476,4225446
UniMás 2002 [5] Univision Communications 43%59,600,000 [6] 3524
Azteca 2001 HC2 Holdings 32%37,248,0001428

Specialty networks

TitleYear est.OwnerNotes
3ABN Latino 2003 Three Angels Broadcasting Network
América Tevé
CNN en Español Time Warner
Esperanza TV 2003 Hope Channel
Galavisión 1979 Univision Communications
HITN 1983
HispanicTV 1995 Time Warner
Inmigrante TV 2010
LATV 2007 [7] Bilingual English/Spanish
Mega TV 2006 Spanish Broadcasting System
Cine Mexicano2005Olympusat Inc.
Tele N2014
Sorpresa 2003
Gran Cine2008
Ultra HD Plex2012 [8] 12 Spanish-language premium channels
MiCasa Network
Mira TV
Multimedios Grupo Multimedios
NBC Universo 2015 Comcast [9] Began as GEMS Television in 1993
Nuestra Visión2017 América Móvil [10]
TBN Enlace USA 2002 Trinity Broadcasting Network
TeleXitos 2012 Comcast [9]
TeLe-Romántica 2012
MTV Tres 1998 Viacom
Univision Noticias
V-me 2007
WAPA America 2004 [7]
Telefe 2000 Viacom [11]

Defunct networks

TitleYear est.Year ceasedNotes
América CV 20072015
GEMS Television 19932001Currently NBC Universo
Hispanic Television Network 20002003
LAT TV 20062008
La Familia 19942015
La Familia Cosmovision 19792014
MundoFox 20122015Became MundoMax in 2015
MundoMax 20152016
NuvoTV 20042015
NetSpan 19841987Became Telemundo circa 1987
Spanish International Network 19621987Became Univision circa 1987
Soi TV
TeleFutura 20022013became UniMás on January 7, 2013
TuVisión 20072009
VasalloVision 20092012

See also

Related Research Articles

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Univision Canada

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Estrella TV

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Parables TV

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  1. Nielsen Company (September 2016). "Local Television Market Universe Estimates: Hispanic or Latino TV Homes" via Television Bureau of Advertising, Inc.
  2. Date at which the Spanish International Network (founded in 1962) was reorganized and became Univision.
  3. Univision. "Univision Network". Univision Corporate. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
  4. NetSpan (founded in 1984) was reorganized and became Telemundo continental U.S. network.
  5. UniMás was originally launched as Telefutura in January 2002, before rebranding under its current name in January 2013.
  6. Univision. "UniMás Network". Univision Corporate. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
  7. 1 2 "Guide to Hispanic Networks", Broadcasting & Cable , 144, pp. 14–20, October 2, 2014, ISSN   1068-6827, Special Report in Multichannel News and Broadcasting & Cable
  8. "Los canales Ultra HD Plex de Olympusat celebran su quinto aniversario". Olympusat. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  9. 1 2 "Comcast Corporation". Philadelphia. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
  10. "WHO WE ARE" . Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  11. "News". New York: Viacom, Inc. Retrieved April 6, 2017.


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