This article may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may interest only a particular audience.(December 2021)
|Township of McGarry|
Canton de McGarry
|• Reeve||Matt Reimer|
|• Federal riding||Timmins—James Bay|
|• Prov. riding||Timiskaming—Cochrane|
|• Land||86.67 km2 (33.46 sq mi)|
|Elevation||327 m (1,073 ft)|
|• Density||7.0/km2 (18/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||705, 249|
McGarry is an incorporated township in Timiskaming District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada.
The township includes the communities of Virginiatown, North Virginiatown, and Kearns. It is on the border with Quebec to the east, along Highway 66 between Kirkland Lake and Rouyn-Noranda. The northern border of the township forms part of the border between Timiskaming District and Cochrane District. Highway 66 was rerouted in 2017 because of concerns that aging mine shafts under the road could cause it to collapse.
J.T. Kearns (for whom the village was named) staked a claim in 1907, which became the Chesterville Gold Mines (1938–1952). An 854-metre (2,802 ft) shaft connected 20 levels, and its 500-ton stamp mill produced a total of 458,880 ounces of gold. Virginiatown and North Virginiatown were built to house the Kerr Addison workers. Kerr Addison Gold mines started in 1936, and employed 1,456 people by 1959. Annual production was 500,000 ounces of gold from 1957 to 1961, and, in 1960, it produced the most gold in the Western Hemisphere. The 10,000,000th ounce of gold was produced in 1982. However, production reduced to 47,211 ounces in 1984 from a workforce of 329. The renamed Kerr Mine produced 15,350 ounces in 1993, and 22,000 ounces in 1994.
Gold in the area was originally reported in the late 1800’s by Chief Ignace Tonené of the Temagami First Nation. He staked a claim near the north arm of Larder Lake but claimed it was stolen.He reported it, but Indian Affairs was unable to help. Chief Tonenè Lake was named in his honour.
On December 21, 1972, masked thieves successfully robbed the Virginiatown Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce on the Kerr Addison miners' payday. The robbers were never captured.
In 2018, Beaverhouse First Nation submitted a claim to the Government of Ontario, asserting the community is a distinct First Nation and did not sign Treaty 9, or any other treaty. In April of 2019, the government advised Beaverhouse First Nation Community that it will complete an assessment of the claim submission within three years.
In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, McGarry had a population of 579 living in 289 of its 333 total private dwellings, a change of -4.9% from its 2016 population of 609. With a land area of 85.62 km2 (33.06 sq mi), it had a population density of 6.8/km2 (17.5/sq mi) in 2021.
|Population||609 (2.4% from 2011)||595 (-11.7% from 2006)|
|Land area||86.67 km2 (33.46 sq mi)||86.72 km2 (33.48 sq mi)|
|Population density||7.0/km2 (18/sq mi)||6.9/km2 (18/sq mi)|
|Median age||54.7 (M: 55.5, F: 53.9)||51.7 (M: 52.9, F: 50.6)|
|Total private dwellings||345||360|
|Median household income||$47,232||$29,360|
|English as first language||30.5%|
|French as first language||63%|
|English and French as first language||1.5%|
|Other as first language||5%|
The McGarry economy has historically been supported by the mining industry, and struggled when the mines were not producing.
The Armistice Gold mine was purchased by Bonterra Resources from Kerr Resources in 2016,and gold exploration and modelling was done to update the resource to a National Instrument 43-101 Compliant Resource.
Gold Candle Ltd. and investors purchased the historic Chesterville Gold Mines and Kerr Addison Gold Mines property in 2016,and conducted a feasibility study and gold exploration with Canadian Exploration Services Limited (CXS Ltd.) on the old Chesterville Gold Mines and Kerr Addison Gold Mines property.
The mining company executed exploratory work in the town limits, afterwards left an abandoned drill casing uncapped and overflowing, causing significant shoreline damage and flooding. The neglected drill casing was eventually capped, but not before the traditional walking trail (now on private property) along the shoreline was lost to the damage of the abandoned drill casing left uncapped and overflowing.
McGarry hosts several events, including an annual fish derby at Larder Lake, and a Labour Day weekend music event at the McGarry community centre.Gem Lake Maple Bedrock Provincial Park is located in McGarry Township. Sport fishing is permitted within Gem Lake Maple Bedrock Provincial Park. McGarry Township Forest Conservation Reserve, shared with McFadden Township, is located in McGarry Township.
Kirkland Lake is a town and municipality in Timiskaming District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada. The 2016 population, according to Statistics Canada, was 7,981.
Cobalt is a town in Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada. It had a population of 1,118 at the 2016 Census.
Larder Lake is an incorporated municipal township and eponymous constituent dispersed rural community in Timiskaming District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada. It is located along Ontario Highway 66 and Ontario Highway 624 at the north-western part of the lake bearing the same name. The area of the township is 229.65 km2 (88.67 sq mi) and includes the geographic townships of Hearst, McVittie and Skead.
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King's Highway 66, commonly referred to as Highway 66, is a provincially-maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. Located in the Timiskaming District, the highway begins at Matachewan near a junction with Highway 65. It extends eastward for 107.0 kilometres (66.5 mi) to the Quebec boundary just east of Kearns. At the provincial boundary, the highway continues eastward as Route 117. From Highway 11 at Kenogami Lake eastwards to the Quebec boundary, Highway 66 is designated as part of the Trans-Canada Highway.
Matachewan is a township in Timiskaming, Northeastern Ontario, Canada, located at the end of Ontario Highway 66 along the Montreal River. The name is derived from the Cree word for "meeting of the currents".
Larder Lake is a freshwater lake in Timiskaming District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada. The lake straddles the incorporated (municipal) townships of Larder Lake and McGarry and geographic McFadden Township. It is part of the Saint Lawrence River drainage basin and is the source of the Larder River.
Beanland Mine, also known as Clenor Mine, is an abandoned surface and underground mine in Northeastern Ontario, Canada. It is located about 1 km (0.62 mi) west of Arsenic Lake and 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of the town of Temagami in central Strathy Township. It is named after Sydney Beanland, who first claimed the mine site in the 1920s and was a director for the mine from 1937 to 1938.
The Abitibi gold belt is a region of Canada that extends from Wawa, Ontario to Val-d'Or, Quebec. Located within the mineral-rich Abitibi greenstone belt, the gold belt is an established gold mining district having produced over 100 mines, and 170 million ounces of gold since 1901. Timmins, a town founded in 1912 following the Porcupine Gold Rush and subsequent creation of the Hollinger, MacIntyre and Big Dome Mines, is one area in the region that experienced a gold rush beginning in 1909. The Kerr Addison Mine in Virginiatown was at one time Canada's largest gold producing mine. Many of the towns readily acknowledge gold mining as part of their history, some being named after gold. One of Canada's 'large roadside attractions' is a 12-foot replica of a 1908 gold sovereign built to commemorate Canada's first gold coin which was made using gold from the Kerr Addison owned Kerr-Addison mine.
Kerr Addison Mines Ltd was a Toronto-based mining and gas company that owned various mines throughout Canada, including the Agnew Lake Mine and the Kerr-Addison Mine. In the 1960s, Kerr Addison was Canada's largest gold producer.
Ignace Tonené also known as Nias and Maiagizis was a Hudson's Bay Company employee, a fur trader, a gold prospector, and the chief of the Teme-Augama Anishnabai community.
The Kerr-Addison Mine is an abandoned gold mine in the Kearns area of McGarry, Ontario.
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