District de Timiskaming
|Coordinates: 47°48′N80°18′W / 47.8°N 80.3°W|
|• MPs||Charlie Angus, Marc Serré, Anthony Rota|
|• MPPs||France Gélinas, John Vanthof, Guy Bourgouin|
|• Land||13,299.92 km2 (5,135.13 sq mi)|
|• Density||2.4/km2 (6/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Postal code FSA|
P0J, P0K, P2N
|Area codes||705, 249|
Timiskaming is a district and census division in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. The district was created in 1912 from parts of Algoma, Nipissing, and Sudbury districts. In 1921, Cochrane District was created from parts of this district and parts of Thunder Bay District.
The division had a population of 32,251 in the Canada 2016 Census. The land area is 13,299.92 km2 (5,135.13 sq mi); the population density was 2.4/km2 (6.2/sq mi). 
It is just west of the similarly named Témiscamingue county in Québec, which is also informally called a region, but is administratively part of a greater region named Abitibi-Témiscamingue.
Temiskaming District is home to several provincial parks.
The coureurs de bois explored and traded fur in what is now the Timiskaming District, in the 17th century. 
The following local services boards serve inhabitants of these unincorporated areas:
As a census division in the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Timiskaming District had a population of 31,424 living in 14,132 of its 16,290 total private dwellings, a change of −2.6% from its 2016 population of 32,251. With a land area of 13,247.4 km2 (5,114.8 sq mi), it had a population density of 2.4/km2 (6.1/sq mi) in 2021. 
|Population||32,251 (−1.2% from 2011)||32,634 (−1.9% from 2006)|
|Land area||13,303.30 km2 (5,136.43 sq mi)||13,299.92 km2 (5,135.13 sq mi)|
|Population density||2.4/km2 (6.2/sq mi)||2.5/km2 (6.5/sq mi)|
|Median age||47.2 (M: 46.2, F: 48.0)||46.6 (M: 45.9, F: 47.2)|
|Total private dwellings||16,862||16,330|
|Median household income||$59,630|
The district seat is in Temiskaming Shores.
Along with portions of the neighbouring district, Cochrane, Timiskaming is represented in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario by John Vanthof. In the House of Commons of Canada, the district is divided between Nipissing—Timiskaming, represented by Anthony Rota, in the south, and Timmins—James Bay, represented by Charlie Angus, in the north. A very small portion of the district also belongs to the riding of Nickel Belt.
Temiskaming Shores is a city in the Timiskaming District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada. It was created by the amalgamation of the town of New Liskeard, the town of Haileybury, and the township of Dymond in 2004. The city had a total population of 9,634 in the Canada 2021 Census. Temiskaming Shores is Ontario's second-smallest city, in terms of population, after Dryden. Haileybury is the seat of Timiskaming District.
Cobalt is a town in Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada. It had a population of 1,118 at the 2016 Census. The population is now closer to 943.
The Sudbury District is a district in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. It was created in 1894 from townships of eastern Algoma District and west Nipissing District.
McGarry is an incorporated township in Timiskaming District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada. It includes the communities of Virginiatown, North Virginiatown, and Kearns. The township borders with Quebec to the east, along Highway 66 between Kirkland Lake and Rouyn-Noranda. The northern border of the township forms part of the border between Timiskaming District and Cochrane District. Highway 66 was rerouted in 2017 because of concerns that aging mine shafts under the road could cause it to collapse.
Black River-Matheson is a township in the Cochrane District of the Canadian province of Ontario. The municipality is astride the Black River, for which it is partly named. The Matheson railway station was serviced by the Northlander until 2012. Ontario Northland Railway services will be reinstated in 2026.
Cochrane District is a district and census division in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. It was created in 1921 from parts of Timiskaming and Thunder Bay districts.
Nipissing District is a district in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. It was created in 1858. The district seat is North Bay.
Englehart is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario, located on the Blanche River in the Timiskaming District.
Latchford is a single-tier municipality town in Timiskaming District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada. It is located on Bay Lake on the Montreal River, near the town of Cobalt and the municipality of Temagami, and is 20 kilometres from the city of Temiskaming Shores. The population of the town in the Canada 2011 Census was 387, which makes it the smallest town by population in Ontario. The town's slogan is "The Best Little Town by a Dam Site!"
Temagami, formerly spelled Timagami, is a municipality in northeastern Ontario, Canada, in the Nipissing District with Lake Temagami at its heart.
Matachewan is a township in Timiskaming, Northeastern Ontario, Canada, located at the end of Ontario Highway 66 along the Montreal River. The name is derived from the Cree word for "meeting of the currents".
Gauthier is a township municipality in Timiskaming District the Northeastern Ontario, Canada. The township had a population of 138 in the Canada 2016 Census. Its main population centre is Dobie, located just north of Ontario Highway 66, 18.5 kilometres (11.5 mi) east of Kirkland Lake. The township has just one other named place, Northlands Park, 3.7 kilometres (2.3 mi) west of Dobie on Ontario Highway 672 just north of Highway 66.
Timiskaming—Cochrane is a provincial electoral district in northern Ontario, Canada. It elects one member to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.
Timiskaming is a word from the Algonquin Temikami or Temikaming, from tim meaning "deep" and kami meaning "open waters". Alternate spellings include Temiskaming, Témiscaming and Témiscamingue. The word Temagami comes from the same root.
Harris is a township in the Timiskaming District in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Hudson is a township municipality incorporating the congruent geographic township in Timiskaming District in northeastern Ontario, Canada. Hudson is located directly west of the city of Temiskaming Shores and has only one named settlement, the community of Hillview.
Kerns is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario. Located within the Timiskaming District, Kerns is located directly northwest of the city of Temiskaming Shores. Its primary named settlements are the communities of Highland, Milberta, and McCool.
Chamberlain is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario, located within the Timiskaming District.
King-Lebel is a designated place in the Canadian province of Ontario, located in the Timiskaming District. The community, located between the town of Kirkland Lake and the municipal township of Gauthier, consists of the unincorporated township of Lebel, whose primary settlement is the community of King Kirkland.
Unorganized West Timiskaming District is an unorganized area in the Canadian province of Ontario, comprising almost all portions of the Timiskaming District which are not organized into incorporated municipalities.