Thunder Bay District

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Thunder Bay District
Map of Ontario THUNDER BAY.svg
Location of Thunder Bay District in Ontario
Coordinates: 50°N088°W / 50°N 88°W / 50; -88 Coordinates: 50°N088°W / 50°N 88°W / 50; -88
Province Ontario
Region Northwestern Ontario
   MPs Carol Hughes (NDP)
Patty Hajdu (Liberal)
Don Rusnak (Liberal)
   MPPs Michael Gravelle (OLP)
Michael Mantha (NDP)
Judith Monteith-Farrell (NDP)
  Land103,719.51 km2 (40,046.33 sq mi)
220 m (720 ft)
Highest elevation
640 m (2,100 ft)
Lowest elevation
183 m (600 ft)
 (2016) [3]
  Density1.4/km2 (4/sq mi)
Time zones
East of 90° west UTC-05:00 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC-04:00 (EDT)
West of 90° west UTC-06:00 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC-05:00 (CDT)
Postal code span
Area code(s) 807
Largest communities [4] Thunder Bay (109,140)
Oliver Paipoonge (5,757)
Greenstone (4,906)
The eponymous Thunder Bay Thunder Bay.jpg
The eponymous Thunder Bay

Thunder Bay District is a district and census division in Northwestern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. The district seat is Thunder Bay.


In 2016, the population was 146,048. The land area is 103,719.51 square kilometres (40,046.33 sq mi); the population density was 1.4 per square kilometre (3.6/sq mi). [1] Most of the district (93.5%) is unincorporated and part of the Unorganized Thunder Bay District.


Thunder Bay District was created in 1871 by provincial statute from the western half of Algoma District, named after a large bay on the north shore of Lake Superior. Its northern and western boundaries were uncertain until Ontario's right to Northwestern Ontario was determined by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. [5] Until about 1902 it was often called Algoma West from the name of the provincial constituency established in 1885.

The following districts include areas that were formerly part of Thunder Bay District:



First Nations and their Indian Reserves

Unorganized areas


Thunder Bay District
Historical populations
1996 157,619    
2001 150,860−4.3%
2006 149,063−1.2%
2011 146,057−2.0%
2016 146,048−0.0%
[6] [1] [3]
Canada census – Thunder Bay District community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population:146,048 (0.0% from 2011)146,057 (-2.0% from 2006)149,063 (-1.2% from 2001)
Land area:103,722.82 km2 (40,047.60 sq mi)103,706.27 km2 (40,041.21 sq mi)
Population density:1.4/km2 (3.6/sq mi)1.4/km2 (3.6/sq mi)
Median age:45.0 (M: 44.0, F: 45.9)41.7 (M: 41.1, F: 42.3)
Total private dwellings:72,55171,23571,635
Median household income:$68,062
Notes: *Excludes census data for incompletely enumerated Indian reserves. – References: 2016 [3] 2011 [1] 2006 [7] earlier [8]

Almost 80 per cent of the district's population lives in the city of Thunder Bay Census Metropolitan Area; no other community in the district exceeds 7,000 in population.

Further reading

See also

Related Research Articles

Algoma District District in Ontario, Canada

Algoma District is a district and census division in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario.

Sudbury District District in Ontario, Canada

The Sudbury District is a district in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. It was created in 1894 from townships of eastern Algoma District and west Nipissing District.

Greenstone, Ontario Municipality in Ontario, Canada

Greenstone is an amalgamated town in the Canadian province of Ontario with a population of 4,636 according to the 2016 Canadian Census. It stretches along Highway 11 from Lake Nipigon to Longlac and covers 2,767.19 km2 (1,068.42 sq mi).

Lake Nipigon

Lake Nipigon is part of the Great Lake drainage basin. It is the largest lake entirely within the boundaries of the Canadian province of Ontario.

Thunder Bay—Superior North

Thunder Bay—Superior North is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1976.

First Nations in Ontario constitute many nations. Common First Nations ethnicities in the province include the Anishinaabe, Haudenosaunee, and the Cree. In southern portions of this province, there are reserves of the Mohawk, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Seneca and Tuscarora.

Nipigon Township in Ontario, Canada

Nipigon is a township in Thunder Bay District, Northwestern Ontario, Canada, located along the west side of the Nipigon River and south of the small Lake Helen running between Lake Nipigon and Lake Superior. Lake Nipigon is located approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) north of Nipigon.

Unorganized Thunder Bay District Unorganized area in Ontario, Canada

Unorganized Thunder Bay District is an unorganized area in northwestern Ontario, Canada in Thunder Bay District. It comprises all parts of the district that are not part of an incorporated municipality or a First Nations reserve.

Aroland First Nation Place in Ontario, Canada

Aroland First Nation is an Ojibwa and Oji-Cree First Nation within the Nishnawbe Aski Nation Territory and a signatory to Treaty 9, located in the Thunder Bay District approximately 20 kilometres west of Nakina. Aroland First Nation, has Indian reserve status, though the settlement itself is not a reserve. The Aroland First Nation is also a member of the Matawa First Nations Tribal Council.

Robinson Treaty may refer to one of two treaties signed between the Ojibwa chiefs and The Crown in 1850. The first treaty involved Ojibwa chiefs along the north shore of Lake Superior. The second treaty, signed two days later, also included Ojibwa chiefs from along the eastern and northern shores of Lake Huron. The Wiikwemkoong First Nation did not sign either treaty, and their land is considered "unceded".

Savant Lake Place in Ontario, Canada

Savant Lake is an unincorporated place and community in Unorganized Thunder Bay District in northwestern Ontario, Canada.

Ojibway Nation of Saugeen Indian reserve in Ontario, Canada

The Ojibway Nation of Saugeen is an Ojibwa First Nation in the Canadian province of Ontario. The Nation is located in the Thunder Bay District, approximately 20 kilometres northwest of Savant Lake. In December, 2007, its total registered population was 206, of which the on-reserve population was 72. The community maintains strong ties with Mishkeegogamang First Nation

Gull Bay First Nation Indian reserve in Ontario, Canada

Gull Bay First Nation or Kiashke Zaaging Anishinaabek is an Anishinaabe (Ojibway) First Nation band government located in Thunder Bay District in northwestern Ontario, Canada. It is approximately 175 kilometres (109 mi) north of Thunder Bay, Ontario on Highway 527 on the western shore of Lake Nipigon. As of May 2010, the First Nation had a registered population of 1,149 people, including an on-Reserve population of 328.

Whitesand First Nation First Nation of Ontario, Canada

The Whitesand First Nation is an Ojibway First Nation reserve in Northern Ontario, Canada. They have reserved for themselves the 249-hectare (615-acre) Whitesand reserve. The community of Armstrong Settlement is their main community, located coterminously with Armstrong, Thunder Bay District, Ontario. In June 2008, their total registered population was 1086 people, of which their on-reserve population was 311.

Biinjitiwabik Zaaging Anishnabek First Nation Indian reserve in Ontario, Canada

The Biinjitiwaabik Zaaging Anishinaabek is an Ojibway First Nation band government in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. Their territory is located on the Rocky Bay 1 reserve in Greenstone, Ontario, bordering on the community of Macdiarmid. In October 2008, they had a total registered population of 678 people, of which 327 people lived on their own Indian reserve. The Nation is led by Chief Melvin Hardy. The council is a member of Nokiiwin Tribal Council, a Regional Chiefs' Council, and is member of Union of Ontario Indians, a Tribal Political Organization. The First Nation is also a member of Waaskiinaysay Ziibi Inc., an economic development corporation made up of five Lake Nipigon First Nations.

North of Superior is a dialect of the Ojibwe language spoken on the north shore of Lake Superior in the area east of Lake Nipigon to Sault Ste Marie, Ontario. Communities include Pic Mobert, Pic Heron, Pays Plat, Long Lac, Aroland, Rocky Bay, and Lake Helen, all in Ontario.

Whitesand, or Whitesands or White Sand may refer to:

Namewaminikan River

The Namewaminikan River is a river in Thunder Bay District in northwestern Ontario, Canada. It is in the Great Lakes Basin and is a tributary of Lake Nipigon.


  1. 1 2 3 4 "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census . Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
  2. Highest point is 640m, located in Pukaskwa National Park. Thunder Bay is at 183m. 220 is an estimate
  3. 1 2 3 "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census . Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  4. Compilation of Northwestern Ontario's 2006 census data
  5. "Ontario-Manitoba Boundary Case". Archived from the original on 2012-10-04.
  6. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  7. "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census . Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
  8. "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census . Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.